精选虚拟语气练习题含答案

虚拟语气练习题

一.用所给动词的适当形式填空:

Part A.

1.If people ______(drive) more slowly, there wouldn’t be so many accidents.

2.If you had worked carefully, you _____(not make) so many mistakes.

3.The boat wouldn’t have drifted away, if we _____ (tie) it up.

4.If I had known you already ____(have) a typewriter, I ____(not, buy) one for your birthday.

5.If he _____(be) here this afternoon I would go with him.

6.If it were to rain tomorrow, the match _____(postpone).

7.But for your help, we ______(not be) able to finish the work in time.

8.If it _____(not, be) for the leadership of the Party, we would not have achieved so much.

9.I wish I _____(study) hard while I was young.

10.It is about time that fence ______(mend).

11.My request is that we ______(hold) another session to discuss the problem.

12.It is strange that the car _____(break) down at exactly the same place where it _____(break)

down yesterday.

13.The baby smiled as if he _____(understand) what his mother _____(say).

14.He talked as if he ____(do) all the work himself, but in fact Tom and I _____(do) most of it.

15.If only we _____(have) a phone! I’m tired of queuing outside the public phone box.

16.----- “Can we come in late tomorrow?” ----- “I’d rather you _____(come) in on time.”

17.He looks as if he _____(be) ill for a long time.

18.He always talks as though he ______(address) a public meeting.

19.If a metal ______(heat), it will expand.

20.I _____(stay) home if it rains this evening.

Part B.

1.She would call you immediately if she _____(need) help.

2.If I had seen the movie, I _____(tell) you all about it now.

3.If he _____(decide) earlier, he could have left on the afternoon flight.

4._______ I _____(take) my umbrella with me when I _____(come) out this morning, I

_____(not be) so wet now.

5.If you had listened to me, you _____ (not be) in such trouble now.

6.I wish they _____ (stop) making so much noise so that I could concentrate on my work.

7.It is inconceivable that he _____ (not see) me that day for I ______(wave) to her.

8.What a pity that he gave orders that all those lovely trees _____(cut) down.

9.Mr. Jones would rather _____(stay) home last night.

10.Henry would rather that his brother _____(work) in the same department as he does.

11.Electric current flows through a conductor as though it _____(be) a fluid.

12.We _____(invite) her to the party but we didn’t know that she ______(already, come) back

from abroad.

13.Today’s industrial production ______(be) impossible without the contribution made by the

science of physics.

14.I hate driving. I’d much rather you _____(drive).

15.The guests ______(arrive) last night, but there is still no news about them.

16.Mother_____(feel) anxious if I came home late.

17.Even if I ______(be) with you then, I ______(can, not, do) much for you.

18.A less conscientious man ______(not, try) so hard to get this job done.

19.Do you wish that you ______(have) a sister like her?

20.Isn’t it surprising that he ______(have) two car accidents during the past week?

二.辨认并改正错误:

1.I should be most happy to go down with you but I was very busy right then.

2.If her great grandfather would have lived three more days he would have been 100 years

old.

3.If George Washington were president today, I would have wondered what he would do

about the United States’ foreign affairs in the Middle East.

4.It was suggested that Pedro studies the material more thoroughly before attempting to pass

the examination.

5.He gave orders that the horses were made ready at once as he was pressed for time.

6.The scientist thinks it necessary that all the inventions of mankind must be used for good,

not for evil.

7.We felt like we had lost a friend when the foreman along with his four assistants was

unfairly discharged.

8.If you went to last night’s game, I am sure that you would have enjoyed seeing our team

win.

9.If you have been living here since 1956, isn’t it about time you start to look for somewhere

nicer to live?

10.The law I am referring to requires that everyone who owns a car has accident insurance.

11.I would rather that they did not travel during the bad weather, but they insist that they must

return home today.

12.The political candidate talked as though she has already been elected to the presidency.

13.If a crisis was to occur, those unfamiliar with the procedures would not know how to handle

the situation.

14.Many dead people would now be alive if they did not attempt to return for something.

15.Only if Albert had told me before last Friday, I would have given him some help, but now

it’s too late.

16.If Monique had not attended the conference, she would never meet her old friend Dan

whom she had not seen for years.

17.If I brought with me a camera when the accident happened yesterday I might have taken a

picture of it myself.

18.How I wish John knew how to apply grammatical rules properly and recognize the fact that

he is nearly always in the wrong!

19.If John were to resign and if Henry were elected to take his place we should have had more

vigorous leadership.

20.You may prefer to travel by plane, but if the weather is bad, you might have to use the train

instead.

三.语法填空(虚拟语气)

I have been wishing I ___1______ (be) as free as a bird flying in the clean sky. However, the earth is in a little danger now! People suffer more from the natural disasters, pollution, global warming and so on. If only we ______2___ (can walk) in the clean and fresh air!

What do you suggest that we ________3_____ (do) to save our earth? When everything is out of order, it looks as the world _______4______ (end). __5____ is high time that some effective measures _______6_____ (take) to stop the damage to the earth, otherwise, the earth ________7_____ (destroy) by human beings.

It is obvious that it is the effort people make that make ____8_______ possible for the environment to become clean. If that action _______9_____(take) as quickly as possible, the environmental problems _____10_______ (improve). I do wish that one day the earth _____11_______ (become) as beautiful as the one before.

四.翻译下列句子:

1.我要是有你这样一个姐姐多好!

2.我们万一不能及时完成这个任务怎么办?

3.要不是明天有测验我今天晚上就去听音乐会了。

4.有人建议我们举行一次讲演比赛。

5.你其实可以让我帮助你的。

6.现在是认真研究这个问题的时候了。

7.真遗憾他竟然忘记通知你们这件事了。

8.如果她不是一直刻苦练习,她的钢琴就不可能弹得这么好。

9.他不太注意学习方法,要不然他就不会落在别人后面。

10.他看起来好像是刚睡醒似的。

11.对这些学生的全部要求是努力学习,遵守规章制度。

12.他昨天非常忙,否则他就来参加我们的联欢会(get-together)了。

Key:

一.用所给动词的适当形式填空:

Part A:

1. drove

2. wouldn’t have made

3. had tied

4. have / would not have bought

5. should be / were / were to be

6. would be postponed

7. wouldn’t have been

8. were not 9. had studied 10. were mended 11. (should) hold

12. should have broken / broke 13. had understood / said

14. had done / did 15. had 16. came 17. had been

18. were addressing 19. is heated 20. will stay

Part B:

1. should need / needed

2. would tell

3. had decided

4. had / taken / came / would not be

5. would not be

6. would stop

7. should not have seen / waved 8. be cut 9. have stayed

10. worked 11. were 12. would have invited / had already come

13. would be 14. drove 15. should have arrived 16. would feel

17. had been / could not have done 18. would not have tried

19. had 20. should have had

二.辨析句子

21.I should be most happy to go down with you but I was very busy right then. (have been)

22.If her great grandfather would have lived three more days he would have been 100 years old. (had lived)

23.If George Washington were president today, I would have wondered what he would do about the United

States’ foreign affairs in the Middle East. (wonder)

24.It was suggested that Pedro studies the material more thoroughly before attempting to pass the

examination. (study)

25.He gave orders that the horses were made ready at once as he was pressed for time. (should be)

26.The scientist thinks it necessary that all the inventions of mankind must be used for good, not for evil.

(should)

27.We felt like we had lost a friend when the foreman along with his four assistants was unfairly discharged.

(felt as if)

28.If you went to last night’s game, I am sure that you would have enjoyed seeing our team win. (had been

to)

29.I f you have been living here since 1956, isn’t it about time you start to look for somewhere nicer to live?

(started)

30.The law I am referring to requires that everyone who owns a car has accident insurance. (have)

31.I would rather that they did not travel during the bad weather, but they insist that they must return home

today. (should)

32.The political candidate talked as though she has already been elected to the presidency. (had)

33.If a crisis was to occur, those unfamiliar with the procedures would not know how to handle the situation.

(were)

34.Many dead people would now be alive if they did not attempt to return for something. (had not

attempted)

35.Only if Albert had told me before last Friday, I would have given him some help, but now it’s too late. (If

only)

36.If Monique had not attended the conference, she would never meet her old friend Dan whom she had not

seen for years. (have met)

37.If I brought with me a camera when the accident happened yesterday I might have taken a picture of it

myself. (had brought)

38.How I wish John knew how to apply grammatical rules properly and recognize the fact that he is nearly

always in the wrong! (recognized)

39.If John were to resign and if Henry were elected to take his place we should have had more vigorous

leadership. (删除)

40.You may prefer to travel by plane, but if the weather is bad, you might have to use the train instead.

(may)

三.语法填空

1. were

2. could walk

3.(should) do

4. ended

5. It

6. (should).take 7would be destroyed 8. it 9. is taken 10.will improve 11.would become

四.翻译句子

1.If only I had a sister like you!

2. What if we could not fulfill the plan in time?

3.If it were not for the test tomorrow, I would go to the concert tonight.

4.It is suggested that we (should) hold a speech contest.

5.You might have asked me to lend you a hand.

6. It is time we studied this problem seriously.

7. What a pity that they should have forgotten to tell you about it!

8.If she had not practiced hard, she wouldn’t play the piano so well.

9. He doesn’t pay much attention to study methods; otherwise he wouldn’t have fallen behind the others.

10. He looks as if he just woke up (or: awakened)

11. All that is required of the students is that they should study hard and obey the discipline.

12. He was very busy yesterday. Otherwise he would have come to our get-together.

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