英语语言学平时测验及答案

Quiz

I. True or False (50%)

1. Linguistics is generally defined as the scientific study of language. ( T )

2. Linguistics studies particular language, not language in general. ( F )

3. A scientific study of language is based on what the linguists think. ( F )

4. In the study of linguistics, hypotheses formed should be based on language facts and checked against the observed facts. ( T )

5. Phonetics is different from phonology in that the latter studies the combinations of the sounds to convey meaning in communication. ( T )

6. Morphology studies how words can be formed to produce meaningful sentences. ( F )

7. English is a typical tone language. ( F )

8. The basic principle of IPA is using a different letter for each distinguishable speech sound. ( F )

9. Both phonology and phonetics are studies of speech sound. ( T )

10. The assimilation rule assimilates one sound to another by “copying” a feature of a sequential phoneme, thus making the two phones similar. ( T ) 11. The writing system of a language is always a later invention used to record speech; thus there are still many languages in today’s world that can only be spoken, but not writing. ( F )

12. The open-class words include prepositions. ( F )

13. In classifying the English consonants and vowels, the same criteria can be applied. ( F )

14. By synchrony we mean to study language change and development. ( F )

15. Parole refers to the abstract linguistic system shared by all the members of a speech community. ( F )

16. Only words of the same parts of speech can be combined to form compounds. ( T )

17. Animal call systems are not genetically transmitted. ( F )

18. The English spelling exactly represents its pronunciation. ( F )

19. The number of closed class words is stable forever. ( F)

20. The assimilation rule assimilates one sound to another by “copying” a feature of a sequential phoneme, thus making the two phones similar. ( T )

21. The part of speech of the compound is always determined by the part of speech of the second element, without exception. ( F )

22. A productive morphological rule can be applied to all words. ( F )

23. Sometimes derivation can apply more than once and it is possible to create multiple levels of word structure. ( T)

24. Both inflectional morphemes and derivational morphemes are bound morphemes.

( T )

25. The meaning of a compound can be derived from the meanings of its constituent morphemes. ( F )

II. Multiple Choice Items (50%)

1. Language users can send messages which no one else has ever sent before, which results from ________of language. ( B)

A. displacement

B. productivity

C. arbitrariness

D. universality

2. In terms of manner of articulation, the English consonants [1] and [r] are classified as ________.( A )

A. liquids

B. affricates

C. stops

D. fricatives

3. The morpheme “-al” in the common word “literal” is a(n) _______.( B)

A. root

B. derivational affix

C. inflectional affix

D. free morpheme

4. Often referred to as a design feature of language, ________ enables speakers to produce and understand an infinite number of sentences that they have neither spoken nor heard before.

( B ) A.duality B.productivity

C.displacement

D.arbitrariness

5. ________ phoneticians study speech sounds from the speaker’s point of view.They study the process of how a speaker uses his/her speech organs to produce sounds.( C )

A.Articulatory

B.Auditory

C.Acoustic

D.General

6. Morphemes such as -er, -en, in-are all called ________.( C )

A.free morphemes

B.inflectional morphemes

C.affixes

D.roots

7. There is a difference between what we know, which is our linguistic competence, and how we use this knowledge in actual speech production and______, which is our linguistic performance. ( B )

A. creation

B. communication

C. comprehension

D. perception

8.The sounds that begin and end the words church and judge are voiceless and voiced ______,respectively. ( A )

A. affricates

B. stops

C. velars

D. palatals

9.Morphemes which represent such grammatical categories as number, tense, gender, and case are called _______ morphemes. ( D )

A. free

B. bound

C. derivational

D. inflectional

10. If a linguistic study describes and analyzes the language people actually use, it is said to be _______. ( D )

A. prescriptive

B. analytic

C. descriptive

D. linguistics

11. Modern linguistics regards the written language as ______. ( B )

A. primary

B. correct

C. secondary

D. stable

12. A historical study of language is a ______ study of language. ( B )

A. synchronic

B. diachronic

C. prescriptive

D. comparative

13. Language is said to be arbitrary because there is no logical connection between ________ and meaning. ( B )

A. sense

B. sounds

C. objects

D. ideas

14. The distinction between vowels and consonants lies in ______. ( B )

A. the place of articulation

B. the obstruction of airstream

C. the position of the tongue C. the shape of the lips

15. What phonetic feature distinguish the “p” in “please” and the “p” in “speak”? ( B)

A. voicing

B. aspiration

C. roundness

D. nasality

16. The famous quotation from Shakespeare’s play “Romeo and Juliet” “A rose by any other name would smell as sweet” well illustrates_______.( A )

A. the arbitrary nature of language

B. the creative nature of language

C. the universality of language

D. the big difference between human language and animal communication

17. Of the following sound combination, only ______ is permissible according to the sequential rules of phonology in English. ( A )

A. bilk

B. bkil

C. ilkb

D. ilbk

18. What the element “-es” indicates is third person singular, present tense, the element “-ed” past tense, and “-ing” progressive aspect. Since they are the smallest unit of language and meaningful, they are also_______.( C )

A. phonemes

B. morphemes

C. allophones

D. phones

19. The study of language as a whole is often called _______ linguistics. ( B )

A. particular

B. general

C. ordinary

D. generative

20. The word “boyish” contains two _______.( A )

A. morphemes

B. morphs

C. phonemes

D. allophones

21. As modern linguistics aims to describe and analyze the language people actually use, and not to lay down rules for “correct” linguistics behavior, it is said to be______.( C )

A. prescriptive

B. sociolinguistic

C. descriptive

D. psycholinguistics

22. Of all the speech organs, the ______ is/are the most flexible. ( B )

A. mouth

B. lips

C. tongue

D. vocal cords

23. The morpheme “vision” in the common word “television” is a(n)______. ( D)

A. bound morpheme

B. bound form

C. inflectional morpheme

D. free morpheme

24. In terms of the place of articulation, the following sounds [t] [d] [s] [z] [n] share the feature of ________.( B )

A. palatal

B. alveolar

C. bilabial

D. dental

25. According to Chomsky, _______ is the ideal user’s internalized knowledge of his language. ( A )

A. competence

B. parole

C. performance

D. langue

Answer sheet

I.

1-5: TFFTT

6-10: FFFTT

11-15: FFFFF

16-20:TFFFT

21-25: FFTTF

II.

1-5: BABBC

6-10: CBADD

11-15: BBBBB

16-20:AACBA

21-25: CBDBA

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