(2019·新疆适应性测试)Super-storm Sandy slammed into the eastern United States three years ago.The wind-driven water caused a lot of flooding，especially in the region's subway system.Now two teens have invented a device that could help prevent future subway floods.
In New York City alone，Super-storm Sandy caused an estimated $19 billion in damage.Much of the flood-waters entered the subway system through its ventilation grates(通风栅)．Those metal grills usually lie at ground level.When the system is shut down ahead of a flood，engineers try to cover those grates with plywood(胶合板) and sandbags.But the flooding often washes away those measures，which allows water to flow into the tunnels.Raising those grates even a tiny bit above ground level would cost a lot of money.Other ideas have included building tall chimneys around the holes.That would raise the grates and cost a lot of money，too.
Kyle and Raymond came up with a different，less expensive idea.They designed a metal grate with a built-in，adjustable cover.When trains are running，one part of the grate slides open to bring in fresh air.But when the system is shut down，that part can be slid shut to completely block the grate.
Their grate is the same size as the grates used now.So，it would be simple，they say，to lift out the old grate and drop in a replacement.Their design includes tamper-proof features，which can prevent operation mistakes.They make sure that people don't intentionally shut off airflow during normal conditions.For people with the proper key，it would only take a minute or two to close the grate ahead of a flood.
1．What's the second paragraph mainly about?
A．The steps to operate grates.
B．The measures to prevent flood.
C．The function of plywood and sandbags.
D．The disadvantage of present subway system.
2．Which of the following words best describes the two teens' new invention?
C [推理判断题。根据文章最后一段第一、第二句“Their grate is the same size as the grates used now.So，it would be simple，they say，to lift out the old grate and drop in a replacement.”他们使用的栅栏和现在使用的栅栏大小一样，所以很容易就可以把旧的栅栏取出来，放入一个替换栅栏；再结合最后一段最后两句可知，新的装置操作起来也很方便。故选C。]
3．What's the purpose of designing the tamper-proof feature?
A．To replace the old grate correctly.
B．To close the grate ahead of a flood.
C．To ensure airflow in normal conditions.
D．To stop the train speeding up unexpectedly.
4．Where does the text most probably come from?
A．A news report.
B．An adventurous story.
C．An introduction to new equipment.
D．A guidebook to making grates.
(2019·新疆适应性检测)Emma Watson entered our lives as the perfect Hermione Granger in 2001，and 16 years later，we're just as much in love with this charming，intelligent British girl，as ever.You may or may not be a Potter head，but a lot of people are charmed by Emma Watson's perfection.
Despite being a star performer at the young age of 11，she's never gone the Hollywood-spoiled-child route.In fact，she made all attempts to stay as normal as possible.She said，“Ignoring fame was my rebellion，in a funny way.I was insistent on being normal and doing normal things.It probably wasn't advisable to go to college in America and room with a complete stranger.And it probably wasn't wise to share
a bathroom with eight other people in a dormitory.Looking back，I think that was crazy.”
She added，“I was very well-educated.My dad paid for me to go to a very good school，so I worked hard every single day at that school to make him proud of me.And I did，and I still do.”
If we had to imagine what Hermione Granger would have grown up to be like，we would say she'd be the Emma Watson of the Potter universe because there really is no way to separate the two.In the last few years，Emma has added more feathers to her cap than we imagined being humanly possible，which include actor，scholar，model and UN Women Goodwill Ambassador.In her role as a UN Women Goodwill Ambassador，she'd supported powerful causes to the best of her ability and brought them all the attention they deserve.
Emma Watson gave us the most accurate description of our favorite girl from the Potter universe.“Young girls are told you have to be a delicate princess.Hermione taught them that you can be a warrior.”
5．After Emma Watson became an actress，she .
A．followed the Hollywood child route
B．had a preference for a normal life
C．became rebellions in a funny way
D．went to a good college instead
B [细节理解题。根据第二段的第二句“In fact，she made all attempts to stay as normal as possible”可知，在Emma Watson成名之后，实际上，她在努力保持正常，故本题选B。]
6．What does the author mean by saying“Emma has added more feathers to her cap”in Para.4?
A．Emma has earned more titles.
B．Emma wears a cap with feathers.
C．Emma is expert designing caps.
D．Emma has been more absorbed in her job.
A [句意理解题。根据第四段第二句中的“which include actor，scholar，model and UN Women Goodwill Ambassador”可知，她获得了很多头衔，故选A。]
7．What can be the best title for the text?
A．Emma Watson：You Can Be the Best Actress
B．Emma Watson：You Can Be a Warrior
C．The Way to Be a Delicate Princess
D．The Way to Be a Good Performer
B [标题判断题。通读全文可知，本文主要讲述了Emma Watson虽然已经功成名就，但
仍然坚持过普通的生活。再结合最后一段中的“Hermione taught them that you can be a warrior”可知，本题选B。]
8．What's the author's attitude to Emma Watson?
D [推理判断题。通读全文可知，作者在文中多处表达了对Emma Watson的欣赏，故选D。]
(2019·日照检测)One small mistake changed Sonia's life.Now she is 1 and tries not to miss any opportunities that come to her way.
One day，Sonia walked 2 a little boy，who wanted to buy crayons(彩色蜡笔)，but he couldn't 3 them.He looked sad when he saw the money in Sonia's hand. 4 she didn't realize he was in 5 of help at all.Sonia ignored him and 6 on her way home.
After reaching home，she told everything to her brother Gur.Gur told Sonia，“God had given you a(n) 7 to help a boy，but you 8 it.There's a possibility that God was 9 you；maybe today would have become your big day of your life.”Hearing Gur's words，Sonia 10 back to the shop to find the boy but time never 11 for anyone.Sonia got disappointed and returned home，continuously 12 at herself.Why didn't it come into her mind what Gur had 13 ？“Chances are everywhere，and all you need to do is 14 them because they don't always show up，”said Gur.Now what Sonia has missed is a chance that she can only 15 .
On that day Sonia learnt the biggest 16 in her life.Actually not only Sonia，but many of us ignore the chance of helping in 17 ways because we always run after bigger ones.However，big opportunities do come but not every day.Therefore， 18 small ones so that you can't miss big ones.Sonia also 19 to wait for big opportunities，but now she knows that with small opportunities she can make big 20 in her life.
A [根据空后的“and tries not to miss any opportunities that come to her way”可知，Sonia现在很专注，尽力不去错过任何她遇到的机会。attentive“专心的”；optimistic“乐观的”；enthusiastic“热情的”；fortunate“幸运的”。] 2．A.through B．by
B [根据“who wanted to buy crayons(彩色蜡笔)”及下文可知，小男孩想买彩色蜡笔，但是买不起。arrange“安排”；afford“买得起”；offer“主动提供”；gain“获得，得到”。]
C [参见上题解析。in favor of“支持”；in honor of“为了纪念”；in need of“需要”；in search of“寻找”。]
D [根据文意可知，此处指上帝给了你一个机会去帮助小男孩，但是你却错过了。direction“方向”；duty“责任”；urge“强烈的欲望”；opportunity“机会”。] 8．A.doubted B．missed
D [Sonia听到哥哥的话后有所感悟，故应用“跑回去”来突出她此时急于弥补错过的机会的心情。step“踩，迈步”；move“移动”；jump“跳跃”；rush“急速移动”。] 11．A.longs B．answers
D [根据“to find the boy”及“Sonia got disappointed”可知，Sonia没有找到小男孩，因此此处表示时间不等(waits)人。下文中的“wait for big opportunities”也是提示。long“渴望”；answer“回答”；allow“允许”。]
A [由上文可知，Sonia第一次忽略了小男孩而没有帮他，再次回去也没有找到他，所以生自己的气。be angry at sb.“生某人的气”。]
C [为什么她没有想到Gur所意识到的事呢？此处指Sonia的自责和后悔。r ealize“意识到”。]