英语国家概况(1)测试题1

英语国家概况(1)测试题1

2004.4 I. There are 30 questions in this part. Each question is followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the correct answer to each of the questions and write your answer at the corresponding place on the ANSWER SHEET. (30%)

1.Why did the Scottish Kings decide to form an independent singular Scottish state in the

ninth century?

A. They needed a unified independent nation to fight against Viking raids.

B. They felt it necessary to develop their own industry.

C. They were threatened by the Anglo-Saxons' invasion.

D. They had to do it in order to resist the English.

2.Where do the majority of people in Scotland live?

A. in the Highlands

B. in the Lowlands

C. in the Uplands

D. in the west of Scotland

3.In the seventeenth century, the English government encouraged people from Scotland and

Northern England emigrate to the north of Ireland, because

A.they wanted to increase its control over Ireland.

B.they had too many people and didn't have enough space for them to live in.

C.they intended to expand their investment.

D.they believed that Ireland was the best place for them.

4.In 1969, the first British soldiers were seen on Northern Ireland Street. They came first

A.to maintain traffic order in Northern Ireland.

B.to protect the Catholic people.

C.to protect the Protestant people.

D.to replace the Royal Ulster Constabulary since they were unable to keep social order.

5. Which of the following about the Queen is NOT true?

A.The Queen selects the Prime Minister and the Cabinet.

B.The Queen symbolizes the tradition and unity of the British state..

C.The Queen acts as a confidante to the Prime Minister.

D.The Queen is the temporal head of the Church of England.

6. Which of the fol l owing about the House of Lords is NOT true?

A.Lords do not receive salaries and many do not attend Parliament sittings.

B.It consists of the Lords Spiritual and the Lords Temporal.

C.The lords are expected to represent the interests of the public.

D.Most of the lords in the House of Lords are males.

7. Which period of time in British history was described as "private affluence and public squalor"?

A. the 1940s

B. the 1970s

C. the 1980s

D. the 1990s

8. Which of the following about the "poll tax" is NOT true?

A.It was introduced by the Conservative government.

B.It was introduced by the Labour government.

C.It was an attempt to change local government taxes.

D.It was criticized by many citizens.

9. Who is the leader of the Labour party at present?

A. John Major

B. Tony Blair

C. Harold Wilson

D. Margaret Thatcher

10. What did Frank Whittle do in 1937?

A. He invented the first jet plane.

B. He developed the first jet engine.

C. He made the first powered flight.

D. He made the trans-Atlantic flight.

11. In aerospace industry, which two countries are ahead of Britain?

A. the U.S. and Germany

B. the U.S. and Russia

C. Germany and Russia

D. France and Russia

12. Which civil airline was started in 1924 after the First World War?

A. Imperial Airways

B. British Airways

C. Hawker-Siddeley Aviation

D. the British Aircraft Corporation

13. Which of the following is a tragedy written by Shakespeare ?

A. Dr. Faustus

B. Hamlet

C. Frankenstein t

D. Sense and Sensibility

14. Which of the following was the most famous Scottish novelist?

A. D.H. Lawrence

B. Charles Dickens

C. Robert L. Stevenson

D. Walter Scott

15. Several gifted women played a part in 19th-century literature. Which of the following is an exception ?

A. Virginia Woolf

B. Emily Bronte

C. Jane Austen

D. Charlotte Bronte

16. Which of the following was the first team sport to have organized rules?

A. football

B. cricket

C. horse racing

D. tennis

17. Which of the following is NOT true about cricket in Britain?

A. It is now still a snobbish game played by aristocratic people.

B. Its rules are rather obscure.

C. The matches last for a few days.

D. The players appear to be quite formally dressed.

18.Which of the following members from the royal family enjoys equestrianism?

A. Mary Queen of Scotland

B. the Queen

C. "Fergie"

D. Princess Anne

19. Which one of the following is NOT particularly British Christmas tradition?

A.enjoying the Pantomime

B.the Queen broadcasting her Christmas message

C.receiving gifts from Santa Claus

D.shopping on the Boxing Day

20. Which of the following has nothing to do with Easter?

A. rabbits

B. haggis

C. chicks

D. eggs

21.Which of the following is true about the Gunpowder Plot?

A. It was planned to kill the Protestant king and replace him with a Catholic king.

B. It was planned to kill the Catholic king and replace him with a Protestant king.

C. It was planned to kill King Billy and replace him with King James II.

D. It was planned to kill King James II and replace him with King Billy.

22. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the Open University ?

A. It's open to everybody.

B. It requires no formal educational qualifications.

C. No university degree is awarded,

D. University courses are followed through TV, radio, correspondence, ect.

23. In the examination called "the 11 plus", students with academic potential go to

A. grammar schools.

B. comprehensive schools.

C. public schools.

D. technical schools.

24. Which of the following about the "semis" is true?

A.They usually have gardens at all side.

B.They normally stand together in pairs.

C.They are usually located in fashionable areas in the city.

D.They are considered as the most desirable home by British people.

25. Which of t he following about class system in the UK is NOT true?

A.People of different classes tend to read different kinds of newspaper.

B.Class-division is only decided by people's income.

C.Though social advancement is possible, class affects a person's life-chances.

D.The way people speak identifies themselves to particular class.

26. The author holds that Britain had a big influence on the postwar international order because

A. it used to be a great imperial power.

B. it had a strong military power and prestige.

C. it defeated Hitler's army.

D. it got support from its former colonies.

27.Which countries are the permanent members of the UN Security Council?

A.France, China, Germany, Russia and Britain.

B.the United States, France, Britain, Germany and Russia.

C.China, Russia, France, Britain and the United States.

D.China, Britain, France, United States and Japan.

28. In its imperial prime, Britain ruled

A. a fourth of the globe.

B. a fifth of the world.

C. a third of the world.

D. two-thirds of the earth.

29. Which of the following newspapers is printed internationally ?

A.The tabloids.

B.The News of the World

C.The Financial Times.

D.The Observer.

30. Which of the following is a quality paper ?

A.The News of the World.

B.The Guardian.

C.The Tabloids.

D.All of the above.

II. There are altogether 20 blanks in the following sentences. Fill in the blanks and write your answer at the corresponding places on the ANSWER SHEET. (40%)

1. To pursue Irish independence, the most spectacular event in the Irish history was (1) of 1916, in which the r ebels occupied Dublin’s (2) and forced the British to take it back by (3) .

2. The UK is divided into (4) constituencies with each of them represented by a member in (5) .

3. The FA stands for (6) .

4. Overseas Chinese community in Britain often celebrates Chinese New Year with (7) , fireworks, parades and family celebrations.

5. Two famous public schools in England are (8) and (9) .

6. In Britain , people can go to (10) without having any formal educational qualifications.

7. In Britain, banks finance people to buy their own home through loans or (11) paid back over

a period of 25 years.

8. When the Second World War was over, Britain was active in (12) the United Nations and became one of (13) permanent members of (14) .

9. Austra lia, as the world’s (15) continent and (16) island, has a population which is (17) in relation to its size.

10. The smallest state is (18) , an (19) in the southeast corner of Australia. It is also the (20) island in Australia.

III. Explain each of the following 6 out of 10 in no more than five sentences. Write your an-swer at the appropriate place on the ANSWER SHEET. (30%)

1. London

2. the Anglo-Saxons

3. the Bill of Rights of 1689

4.the Romantic Movement

5.Boxing Day

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/01928708763231126edb1159.htmlprehensive schools

7.NATO

8.Australia’s postwar immigration program

9.New South Wales

10.the three-tier system of the Australian government

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