利用共存杂质分析甲基苯丙胺的合成信息_章勇生

第10期收稿日期:2012-09-04

基金项目:河南科技大学SRTP 项目,编号2009160

作者简介:章勇生(1986—),广东梅州人,河南科技大学本科生,法医学专业;通讯作者:周海梅,教授,硕士生导师,研究方向:毒物药物分析櫂櫂櫂櫂櫂櫂櫂櫂櫂櫂殬殬殬殬。分析与测试

利用共存杂质分析甲基苯丙胺的合成信息章勇生,刘桂芳,刘立男,户传致,周海梅,吕坪(河南科技大学法医学院,河南洛阳471003)摘要:通过测定甲基苯丙胺样品中共存杂质的种类与含量,推测其合成途径及来源。将含MA 样品用无水乙醇溶解,气相色谱-质谱法分析其组分,归一法计算相对百分含量。结果7个样品的甲基苯丙胺含量在9.81% 97.3%之间,其中3个样品含麻黄

碱,含量在4.15% 5.52%;2个样品的共有成分为1-苯基-2-丙酮,含量分别为0.506%,

0.696%;剩余2个样品既不含麻黄碱,也不含1-苯基-2-丙酮,甲基苯丙胺含量仅为23.5%和9.81%。推测7个样品中3批样品来源于麻黄碱合成途径,

2批样品是苯丙酮合成途径,另2批样品由少量甲基苯丙胺混合其他成分配制而成。目前,麻黄碱仍是合成甲基苯丙胺的主要来源。关键词:甲基苯丙胺;合成信息;气相色谱-质谱

中图分类号:TQ533.6;O657文献标识码:A 文章编号:1008-021X (2012)10-0037-03

Determination of the Synthetic Information Based on Impurity Profiling of Methamphetamine ZHANG Yong -sheng ,LIU Gui -fang ,LIU Li -nan ,HU Chuan -zhi ,ZHOU Hai -mei ,LV Ping (Faculty of Forensic Medicine ,Henan University of Science and Technology ,`Luoyang 471003,China )Abstract :Impurity profiling of seized methamphetamine (MA )may play an important role in the determination of the synthetic method employed.MA sample was dissolved with ethanol and analyzed by gas chromatography -mass spectrometry (GC -MS ).The relative contents of components were calculated through normalization.The contents of MA in seven samples were between 9.81%and 97.3%,3samples of which the contents of ephedrine were 4.15%-5.52%;2samples of which the contents of phenyl -2-propanone were in the range of 0.506%-0.696%;the other two samples contained neither ephedrine nor ethylphenylketone ,the contents of MA were 23.5%and 9.81%,respectively.The MA were synthesized from ephedrine in three samples and from phenyl -2-propanone in two samples ,the other samples were made up of MA and other components.At present ,ephedrine is still the common material used to synthesize MA.

Key words :Methamphetamine ;synthetic information ;GC -MS

甲基苯丙胺(methamphetamine ,MA ,其盐酸盐

俗称为

“冰毒”)滥用是国内外非常严重的社会公共卫生问题之一。甲基苯丙胺可快速诱导欣快感,大

量服用或注射时,会使人迅速陷入昏迷,最终发生死亡。所以,禁毒成为全球大事。控制合成毒品的原料,是减少非法制毒、贩毒和吸毒的有效方法之·73·章勇生,等:利用共存杂质分析甲基苯丙胺的合成信息

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