致开幕词make an opening speech
尊敬的市长先生Respected Mr. Mayor
远道而来/来自大洋彼岸的朋友friends coming from a distant land/the other side of the Pacific 东道国host country
值此之际on the occasion of
借此机会take this opportunity to
以……名义in the name of
本着……精神in the spirit of
代表on the behalf of
回顾过去look back on
展望未来look ahead/look into the future
圆满成功a complete success
提议祝酒propose a toast
建交establishment of diplomatic relations between
互访exchange of visit
一贯奉行in persistent pursuit of
平等互利equality and mutual benefit
经济强国/经济大国/经济列强（视具体情况翻译）economic power 请…发言Give the floor to
我很荣幸…It is a great pleasure for me to
最新的调查结果Updated research result
对…给予重视Attach the importance to
对…表示衷心的感谢express sincere gratitude to
请…讲话Let’ s welcome to give a speech
以掌声对…表示的最热烈的欢迎propose the warmest applause to
颁奖仪式the Award Ceremony
隆重举行observe the grand opening of
请…颁奖Let’s invite to present the award
取得圆满成功achieve complete ceremony
全球庆典global celebration ceremony
宣布…结束declare the closing of
请全体起立，奏国歌Please rise for the national anthem.
充满竞争的就业市场Competitive job market
国民生产总值Gross National Product
迎接挑战Meet the challenges
跨越新千年的门槛The threshold of our transition into the new millennium 联合国人居中心UNCHS (United Nations Centre for Human Settlements) 城市居民Urban residents
服务齐全的高尚城市Well-serviced formal city
把…列为重要内容place as the priority
不放松工作never neglect the work
对…表示衷心祝贺extend our sincere congratulations on
节约用水先进城市model city of water conservation
使…取得预期效果attain the results expected
授予…光荣称号confer honorable awards on
严重缺水城市a city of severe water shortage
与…比有差距compared with ,there is still some way to go
预祝…圆满成功wish a complete success
开源与节流并重broaden sources of income &reduce expenditure 对外贸易港口seaport for foreign trade
国内生产总值National Gross Products
活跃的经济带vigorous economic region
留下最美好的印象may you have a most pleasant impression
盛世the grand occasion
祝愿在停留愉快wish a pleasant stay
综合性商港comprehensive commercial seaport
春意盎然spring is very much in the air
迸发出心灵的火花ignite the sparks of understanding
建立合作桥梁build the bridge for cooperation
相互尊重，求同存异，平等互利，优势互补，借鉴经验，拓展合作，立足当前，着眼未来respect each other, seek the common ground while putting aside difference, enjoy equality and mutual benefits, complement each other’s advantages, learn each other’s experience, expand the cooperation, stand from the present and look forward to the future
以此会议为契机take the opportunity of this seminar
4，170万立方米土方41.7 million cubic meters of earth
33%的税率33% tax rate
1993年度财政收入49亿美元 4.9 billion dollars of finance in 1993
可期望人均寿命78岁 a life expectancy of 78 years
人均47.3公斤印刷纸47.3 kg of printing paper per capita
每平方公里579个居民579 people per sq. km
七亿九千八百万吨煤798 million metric tons of coal
每千人中有188台电视机188 TV receivers per 1,000 population
每千人中有报纸150份150 copies of newspaper per 1,000 population
婴儿死亡率为百分之一点三infant mortality rate of 1.3 percent
平均生育率为每位妇女1.2个孩子an average fertility rate of 1.2 children per woman
北京人口超过一千一百万。Beijing has a population of over 11 million
The Pacific Ocean covers an area of 63,986,000 square kilometers
It is 1.5 meters long and weights 24 kilos.
The box measures 2 by 3 inches. That is about 5 by 7.5 centimeters.
The FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) and the CIA(Central Intelligence Agency) don’t agree.
The headquarters of the CBI (Confederation of British Industry) cost 1.5 million pounds.
The man said the UFO(Unidentified Flying Object) was 50 meters across.
We made three million Deutche marks this year. That’s 15% up on last year.
When it’s 2:30 a.m. here it is 8:30 p.m. there.
Can we really attribute a 15% increase in the price of five-pound bag of sugar from 1 pound 60 to 1 pound 84 to the agriculture policy of the EEC?
我愿借此机会，代表我们代表团的全体成员，对我们东道主的诚挚邀请，表示真诚的谢意。On the behalf of all the members of my mission, I would like to take this opportunity to express our sincere thanks to our host for their earnest invitation.
Now, I have the pleasure to declare the 22nd Universal Postal Congress open.
I have the honor to express this warm welcome on behalf of the Chinese Government and people to the delegation from the United Kingdom.
I would like to extend my warmest welcome to all of you.
I wish the conference a complete success!
I would like to extend a warm welcome to you and the other guests present here.
First of all, in the name of my Chinese colleagues present here, I wish to thank you for giving us this banquet.
I ask all of you present to jion me in raising your glasses to the friendship between the Chinese and American peoples.
It is a great privilege to be able to welcome you and the American friends’ present h ere in this evening.
I want to express my deep appreciation for the incomparable hospitality you have extended to us.
On behalf of all of your guests here, I wish to thank you for your hospitality.
I would like to express my best wishes for the success of this meeting.
Our co-operative efforts are sure to be productive and will contribute to our friendship.
We are very pleased to be here tonight at this reception ( party) given in our honor.
Now I would like to propose a toast to the health of Her Majesty Queen Margaret the Second.
Respected Dr. Richmond,
Members of the Sino-American Committee on Medicine and Public Health,
Friends and Comrades,
First of all, on behalf of the Ministry of Public Health of the People’s Republic of China and all the Chinese medical workers, and on my own behalf, I would like to extend a warm welcome to Dr. Richmond and the other American guests present. I would also like to express my best wishes for the success of the meeting.
In this way, our cooperative efforts are sure to be productive and will contribute to the progress in the medicine and public health in our two countries.
Now, I would like to propose a toast,
to the friendship of our two governments and the peoples of our two countries,
to the friendly cooperation between our two countries’ medical workers,
to the health of Dr. Richmond,
to the health of all our American friends and Chinese comrades present here.
Your Excellency Minister Erling Jensen,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
We the Chinese Medical Delegation, are very pleased to be here tonight at this reception in our honor by Minister Jensen. On behalf of all the members of the delegation, and on my own behalf, please allow me to express my sincere thanks......
I believe that with your friendly cooperation, this visit will be a successful one and will contribute to our friendship and mutual understanding.
Please allow me once again to express our heartfelt thanks to everyone present here tonight for your friendliness and hospitality.
Now, I would like to propose a toast,
to the friendship and cooperation between the peoples and doctors of Denmark and China,
to the health of Her Majesty Queen Margaret the Second,
to the health of His Excellency Prime Minister Anker Jorgensen,
to the health of the ladies and gentlemen present here.
Distinguished guests and delegates,
friends and Comrades,
It is my honor to declare the commencement of the first China International Tourism Conference. On behalf of the Chinese Government and the people, and in my own name, I express my warm congratulation to the Conference and my heartfelt welcome to all the guests and delegates.....................
Friends and comrades, during this Conference we shall get together to exchange experience. After the Conference, some of you will visit other parts of China. I sincerely hope that you will give your valuable comments and suggestions on tourism in China.
I wish the Conference a great success and wish you good health and a happy stay in China.
Build a well-off society in an all-round way and open up new prospects for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics
-- Report at the 16th national congress of the Communist Party of China
Now I would like to make a report to the congress on behalf of the Fifteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
The Sixteenth National Congress of the CPC is the first of its kind held by our Party in the new century. It is a very important congress convened by our Party in the new situation in which we have begun to take the third step of the strategic plan for socialist modernization.
The theme of the congress is to hold high the great banner of Deng Xiaoping Theory, fully act on the important thought of Three Represents, carry forward our cause into the future, keep pace with the times, build a well-off society in an all-round way, speed up socialist modernization and work hard to create a new situation in building socialism with Chinese characteristics.
As human society entered the 21st century, we started a new phase of development for building a well-off society in an all-round way and speeding up socialist modernization.
The international situation is undergoing profound changes.
世界多极化和经济全球化的趋势在曲折中发展，科技进步日新月异，综合国力竞争日趋激烈。The trends toward world multi-polarization and economic globalization are developing amidst twists and turns. Science and technology are advancing rapidly. Competition in overall national strength is becoming increasingly fierce.
Given this pressing situation, we must move forward, or we will fall behind.
Our Party must stand firm in the forefront of the times and unite with and lead the Chinese people of all ethnic groups in accomplishing the three major historical tasks: to propel the modernization drive, to achieve national reunification and to safeguard world peace and promote common development, and in bringing about the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on its road to socialism with Chinese characteristics.
This is a grand mission history and the era have entrusted to our Party.
In the following you can find some possible topics that are useful for you. We do not have the exact answers for each of them, but some relevant information is supplied, so think about them very carefully.
1.Should college graduates earn higher salaries than the less well-educated in the
Some conclude that college students should bear expenses for their higher learning on the generalization that college graduates usually receive higher salaries for similar jobs than those without a college degree. We can not deny that higher level of education, indeed, do associate with better income. Still, build on such fact alone, the conclusion remains questionable when more aspects are taken into consideration.
The whole argument in question rests on an assumption that it is always the case that people with higher education make more money than those less well-educated. But salary or income is, in most cases, based on contributions made by employees to companies or organizations in which they are employed. Statistics in the labor market indicate that people with professional training tend to find jobs easier than college graduates do and that blue-collar workers who do not hold college degrees are becoming the hottest in the labor market. Employers prefer to hire and pay more to highly skilled and specially trained people rather than fresh college graduates. In the auto industry, for instance, skilled technicians make two or three times more than their college educated counterparts who make the average salaries in other companies. And it is widely accepted that people’s income is determined more by talent, hard work, and willingness to take risks than solely by certain qualifications such as college education. Otherwise, the unemployment rate of college graduates would not be increasing every year and the rule of supply and demand will lose much of power in controlling the labor market. Admittedly in some knowledge extensive field such as research, teaching, and practice of law the labor force are primarily consists of highly educated professionals. But such people make up only a fraction of the labor market and are thus unrepresentative of the whole employment in general.
Considering the goal of education, we find that it is even more problematic for the country to throw all the responsibility of financing college education to college students. The goal of higher education of a nation is to improve and strengthen the general level of intellectual and professional capacity of its labor force, thereby increasing the competency of the nation in the global economy.
As tax payers, parents all contributes to the education system and country in various ways. It is only reasonable and necessary that the country gives some forms of financially assistance to students to ease the burden of rising education costs. Such help should go to not only students from needy or impoverished families but also outstanding students from affluent backgrounds. Doing so can significantly boost the motivation of children from millions of families to engage in higher level of study. It is understandable that the general quality of people in a country will improve and its economy will benefit both now and in years to follow.
If the burden of supporting children’s higher education is dumped on parents and students, thousands of brilliant students will be deprived of chances to pursue their academic inspiration. Among those who suffer would definitely be future great scientists, business managers, artists and statesmen. The loss will be disastrous and irreversible.
In conclusion, the idea that students should also pay the full cost of their study is wrong and harmful because it is wrong to assume that higher education necessarily equalize high income. Moreover, it is in the best interest of a nation to take responsibility in financing college education so that the goal of higher education will be better met.
2. JOB PROBLEMS FOR GRADUATES
According to the statistics, only 58% of college graduates could find jobs in their specialties. Why do college graduates find it increasingly difficult to get a rewarding job?
One reason perhaps is that many colleges and universities fail to adapt their courses to the development of economy. Degree courses offered in these institutions of higher learning are so outdated, irrelevant and impractical that the students themselves find it hard to translate their book knowledge into real job skills. Second, there is an oversupply of graduates in certain specialties.
So many of them can not enter the professions for which they are trained. College graduates are valuable resources in our country. The problems they encounter in job hunting deserve more attention.
The number of terror attacks over the past four years has been climbing and rocketed to 204 cases in the year of 2004. This is a shocking figure to everyone and every nation in the world, which has aroused the deep concern of the international community. Can you say something about this?
In my view, terrorist offences against civilians cannot be justified in any way. Action of the kind is no doubt criminal regardless of their motivation, be it political or personal. The terror attack on children and women is never forgivable. In fact, terror attack is a threat to the world peace and
Counter-measures should be taken to fight against terrorism. To begin with, there is a greater and more urgent need for the international community to collaborate now. What’s more, the legislative framework of international cooperation against terrorism should be perfected. Most importantly, the world community should car efully explore terrorism’s breading grounds while probing effective means to counter it.
The number of people who know the date of the Nanjing Massacre (大屠杀) is only one out of fifteen, which is really surprising to every Chinese. The social phenomenon is not a trivial matter and should arouse the great concern of our society. What does it mean to us?
The aim of the research is to remind us that we are forgetting what we should always keep in mind as a Chinese. Everyone in the world has his/her motherland. As a Chinese, we should have a good understanding of the history of our motherland. Without a good understanding of the history, we can not be a qualified Chinese. In the history of our nation, many significant events have ever taken place. The Nanjing Massacre is just one of them, which have left us an unforgettable memory. To forget events of the kind means that we betray our nation, that we are losing our national spirit, that we lack patriotism (爱国精神), and that we are destroying our future. The phenomenon which is revealed in the chart above is pervasive and must be curbed. Otherwise, it will impair the development of our motherland.
Counter-measures must be taken to rectify the trend of the kind revealed in the chart above. Mostly importantly, laws and regulations must be established to popularize the knowledge of the history of our motherland. Besides, activities at national level should be organized to mark the significant events in our history. In sum, we must attach more importance to our history in order to make our country become a strong and powerful nation in the world.
The number of MS/MA candidates has been climbing over the past years and rocketed to 1.3 million in the year of 2005. People at different walks of life may wonder what is behind the figure. What is your viewpoint?
The foremost reasons for the great increase of MA/MS candidates over the past years can be illustrated as follows. In the first place, the idea that knowledge is power has contributed to the enormous increase of MA/MS candidates. At present, we are living in an era of knowledge explosion. If we want to survive in the current society, we must have good command of knowledge.
To be exact, knowledge learning has become a life-long work.
Therefore, more and more people are content with their four-year college education and apply for MA/MS degree. In the second place, the current unsatisfactory job-hunting has resulted in the great increase of MS/MA candidates over the past years. At the moment, the supply of the college graduates overtakes the demand for the college graduates.
As a result, many college graduates can not find jobs that they really enjoy and want. Some of their jobs are even irrelevant to their majors. Therefore, they would like to conduct further study instead of doing the work that they dislike. As a consequence, more and more people apply for MA/MS degree, which has led to the great increase of MA/MS candidates.
The number of gold medals which are snatched by P.R. China has been climbing and rocketed to 32 at the 2004 Athens Olympic Games. This is a great achievement in Chinese sports. People both at home and abroad may wonder what has brought about the great success.
The foremost reasons for the great achievement which is revealed in the chart above can be illustrated as follows. To begin with, the Opening-up and Reform has contributed to the growth of Chinese sports. The Opening-up and Reform since 1978 has improved the development of economy in China, which has laid a solid foundation for the development of sports in China.
Thus, without the Opening-up and Reform, the 32 gold medals would be a pie in the sky. What’s more, the international exchanges have brought about the growth of Chinese sports. On one hand, we sent Yao Ming to NBA and Liu Xiang to participate in international events of various kinds. On the other hand, we have invited foreign professionals to come to China and coach our national teams.
Therefore, without the international exchanges, the 32 gold medals would be an empty talk. 7. 2004年不同疾病的死亡率
Among the leading causes of death among 15 — 59-year-olds worldwide in the year of 2004 are HIV/AIDS, heart failure, tuberculosis and so forth, which cover both external and internal factors. What the figure reveals mirrors a social reality, which is in effect thought-provoking.
The aim of the painter of the chart is to make us have a clear understanding of the leading causes of death so as to improve our life span and the quality of life. In the first place, some diseases such as HIV/AIDS and cancer are still No. 1 enemies since we still have no better way to deal with them. Consequently, we must work hard in this aspect and try our best to find the cure as early as possible. In the second place, psychological stress on us should not be neglected in terms of leading causes of death. Causes such as heart failure and suicide are closely related with
Therefore, to protect our life, we must first of all attach importance to our state of mind. Last but not least important, some leading causes such as respiratory illness is associated with our environment pollution. Therefore, the improvement of our environment can contribute to the protection of our life. In sum, the chart above reminds us that the leading causes of death result from diseases, psychological stress, and environmental pollution. In order to have a better life, something must be done in the relevant aspects mentioned above.
8. My view on colleg e students’ marriage大学生结婚之我见
Nowadays college students’ marriage has attracted general attentions in our society. Newspapers also carry articles pertaining to this matter now and then. People put forward different opinions. Based on an investigation 65% of people hold the opinion that students shouldn’t get marry on campus, and I take the same view.
There are probably four reasons.
First of all, students haven’t come into close contact with the society. Our blind pursuit of love maybe misleads us to find a person who is not really fit for us. A senior of Nanjing University divorced from her husband after a year’s marriage life because of the poor economic condition and the lack of communication.
Secondly, the period during we are at college is a golden time for our study. We should work hard to acquire knowledge and enhance abilities. Chances are that marriage and family take up so much time that our study will be seriously affected. When we enter the society, it is really hard to make a successful ca reer because 22% of companies don’t want to employ graduates who have already got married. This will be a great threat to student-couples. Many of them will be forced to leave each other because they couldn’t find suitable jobs in the same city.
Thirdl y, although universities have canceled the ban to students’ marriage, they don’t encourage it. College will never offer apartments to student-couples. And it is both inconvenient and unsafe to rent apartments outside the campus. Meanwhile a lot of money will be wasted in the family life. Students haven’t earned money. How could we ask for money from our parents and lead a luxury life?
What’s more, many parents are afraid of becoming mother-in-law or father-in-law unconsciously. The immature marriage will bring family and society a great unsteadiness. If it ends in a divorce, the hurt of heart is really uneasy to bear.
To sum up, college students have the right of getting married. But we must handle the right with great care. We should pursue academic interest first. When we graduate and have a better
understanding of love, when we have the abilities to raise a family, we can think about marriage. 9. Job Changing Becomes a Fashion
It used to be quite an embarrassing thing in China for a person to be dismissed by his or her employer. But things are different now.
Take Beijing as an example. Many people now seek the opportunity to be sacked. Last year, some 14, 000 people succeeded in leaving their work places by resigning or having their employers dismiss them. Many of them were the backbone of their enterprises, including skilled workers and college graduates just assigned to their work places.
Enterprise leaders hold that many things account for the changing of jobs. Some people are not content with the situation in their work units; some are attracted by the higher income of self-employed workers and those who work for foreign interest- involved businesses.
A woman used to work for a commerce college as a teacher in Beijing, but she found it more interesting to work for a corporation as an office worker.
She said: "Satisfaction in my career is what I want."
Not all of those who left their work units find new jobs instantly. They become frequent visitors to the labor market in the capital. Some are lucky and are well received, but some are not, especially those who do not have special professional skills.
It is not unusual for some people to try to return to their original work units because they fail to find suitable new jobs.
Some who quit enjoy a new success in their career. A street peddler said, "I just regret I left the factory too late..." The peddler wore a suit of Western-style clothes and apparently is well-off now. But another peddler said that they earn money only through hardship. "We suffer coldness in winter and heat in summer, spending all day in open air." And he told a reporter that a peddler who worked near him had returned to his original work unit because he found it too hard to be a self-employed worker.
The frequent change of jobs among employees represents a challenge to the years-old job allocation system in China, revealing the fact that people have begun to pay attention to their personal values and have a sense of competition. The flow of personnel in the form of quitting old jobs to find new ones cannot be stopped by mere administrative means. Such a flow is inevitable in the development of a commodity economy.
The problem can only be solved by further reform.
10. What are your viewpoints toward making friend through the internet?
11. Nowadays more and more reports are talking about the crimes committed by young students
who are greatly influenced by computer games. Try to show your opinions on this phenomenon. 12. Without goals, life is meaningless. Goals provide the direction in life. It is always wondered why some people cannot see the importance of goals, the need to set goals and follow them through. Very few people would get on a plane or a ship, not knowing where they were traveling to. Goals are the aim for striving （奋斗目标）and those who walk about without plans through life waste a great deal of time.
Goal setting has long been thought to be necessary in business and more recently many people have come to think highly of some of the great people in the world - people who set simple goals and who go after them - such as Nelson Mandela, Mother Teresa and Michael Jordan.
For personal development, the starting point is setting goals. Sometimes the starting point is dreaming, having wishes, then breaking their big plan into small ones that can be achieved （实现）.
A useful idea is to think about what you would really like to achieve, what you will be in the future - five years from now, ten years from now. Writing these down is a good starting point.
It is always wise to break goals up into short-term and long-term goals. Knowing that something is achievable soon can give more confidence to achieve. Long-term goals will probably be fewer , but short-term goals can fall into a “more possible to achieve” basket .
Goals need to be started with clearness. The clearer they are, the easier they are to reach. If a goal is shown clearly, it can guide to a fitting action. It is important that a person never loses sight of their goals. To do so is to become aimless and off track. It is sometimes useful to question yourself. “How important is this goal to me?” If the answer is “I think it is very important ”, then it must be followed. That means that action must be taken at once.
Delay （拖延）is the thief （贼）of time for human. The longer you delay, the more difficult it is to achieve goals. There are many people who probably have less skill （技能）, even less education than you, yet they succeed. It is most likely because they take action, they realized （认识到）what they want, what they set out to do. They achieve their goal. Goal setting really never finishes for the successful person. Once a goal has been achieved, there is another to be set and reached for.