英语专业八级口试补充材料

高校英语专业八级口试口译补充材料

第一部分词汇与句型

开幕/闭幕式opening/closing ceremony

开幕词opening speech/address

致开幕词make an opening speech

友好访问goodwill visit

阁下Your/His/Her Honor/Excellency

贵宾distinguished guest

尊敬的市长先生Respected Mr. Mayor

远道而来/来自大洋彼岸的朋友friends coming from a distant land/the other side of the Pacific 东道国host country

宣布……开幕declare……open

值此之际on the occasion of

借此机会take this opportunity to

以……名义in the name of

本着……精神in the spirit of

代表on the behalf of

由衷的谢意heartfelt thanks

友好款待gracious hospitality

正式邀请official invitation

回顾过去look back on

展望未来look ahead/look into the future

最后in closing

圆满成功a complete success

提议祝酒propose a toast

亚太地区Asian-Pacific region

建交establishment of diplomatic relations between

互访exchange of visit

外交政策foreign policy

一贯奉行in persistent pursuit of

平等互利equality and mutual benefit

双边关系bilateral relations

持久和平lasting peace

贸易额trade volume

商业界business community

跨国公司transnational corporation

经济强国/经济大国/经济列强(视具体情况翻译)economic power 请…发言Give the floor to

我很荣幸…It is a great pleasure for me to

相关问题Relevant issues

最新的调查结果Updated research result

对…给予重视Attach the importance to

领先技术Lead-edge technologies

公使Minister Counselor

自然遗产Natural heritage

共同关心的问题Shared concern

良好的信誉Well-deserved reputation

对…表示衷心的感谢express sincere gratitude to

请…讲话Let’ s welcome to give a speech

双边会议bilateral conference

以掌声对…表示的最热烈的欢迎propose the warmest applause to

主办单位sponsor

颁奖仪式the Award Ceremony

贺词greeting speech

隆重举行observe the grand opening of

请…颁奖Let’s invite to present the award

取得圆满成功achieve complete ceremony

全球庆典global celebration ceremony

宣布…结束declare the closing of

请全体起立,奏国歌Please rise for the national anthem.

集体管理Collective stewardship

充满竞争的就业市场Competitive job market

金融机构Financial institutions

进取Forward-looking

国民生产总值Gross National Product

迎接挑战Meet the challenges

公共机构Public authorities

法规机制Regulatory mechanism

跨越新千年的门槛The threshold of our transition into the new millennium 联合国人居中心UNCHS (United Nations Centre for Human Settlements) 城市居民Urban residents

服务齐全的高尚城市Well-serviced formal city

把…列为重要内容place as the priority

不放松工作never neglect the work

节约用水water conservation

对…表示衷心祝贺extend our sincere congratulations on

节约用水先进城市model city of water conservation

使…取得预期效果attain the results expected

授予…光荣称号confer honorable awards on

为…而奋斗strive for

严重缺水城市a city of severe water shortage

有关单位units concerned

与…比有差距compared with ,there is still some way to go

预祝…圆满成功wish a complete success

开源与节流并重broaden sources of income &reduce expenditure 对外贸易港口seaport for foreign trade

国内生产总值National Gross Products

欢聚一堂merrily gather

活跃的经济带vigorous economic region

基础雄厚solid foundation

留下最美好的印象may you have a most pleasant impression

盛世the grand occasion

祝愿在停留愉快wish a pleasant stay

综合性商港comprehensive commercial seaport

春意盎然spring is very much in the air

森林覆盖率forest coverage

全球变暖global warming

主要因素principal element

废气排放toxic emission

迸发出心灵的火花ignite the sparks of understanding

建立合作桥梁build the bridge for cooperation

相互尊重,求同存异,平等互利,优势互补,借鉴经验,拓展合作,立足当前,着眼未来respect each other, seek the common ground while putting aside difference, enjoy equality and mutual benefits, complement each other’s advantages, learn each other’s experience, expand the cooperation, stand from the present and look forward to the future

以此会议为契机take the opportunity of this seminar

第二部分数字练习

4,170万立方米土方41.7 million cubic meters of earth

33%的税率33% tax rate

1993年度财政收入49亿美元 4.9 billion dollars of finance in 1993

可期望人均寿命78岁 a life expectancy of 78 years

人均47.3公斤印刷纸47.3 kg of printing paper per capita

每平方公里579个居民579 people per sq. km

七亿九千八百万吨煤798 million metric tons of coal

每千人中有188台电视机188 TV receivers per 1,000 population

每千人中有报纸150份150 copies of newspaper per 1,000 population

婴儿死亡率为百分之一点三infant mortality rate of 1.3 percent

平均生育率为每位妇女1.2个孩子an average fertility rate of 1.2 children per woman

北京人口超过一千一百万。Beijing has a population of over 11 million

太平洋面积六千三百九十八万六千平方公里。

The Pacific Ocean covers an area of 63,986,000 square kilometers

这件东西有1.5米长,重24公斤。

It is 1.5 meters long and weights 24 kilos.

这个盒子长三英寸,大约有7.5厘米长5厘米宽。

The box measures 2 by 3 inches. That is about 5 by 7.5 centimeters.

美国联邦调查局同中央情报局不同意。

The FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) and the CIA(Central Intelligence Agency) don’t agree.

英国工业联合会的总部大楼造价是150英镑。

The headquarters of the CBI (Confederation of British Industry) cost 1.5 million pounds.

据那个人说他看到的飞碟直径有15米。

The man said the UFO(Unidentified Flying Object) was 50 meters across.

今年我们挣了三百万德国马克比去年增加了15%。

We made three million Deutche marks this year. That’s 15% up on last year.

如果这里是凌晨两点半那里就是晚上八点半。

When it’s 2:30 a.m. here it is 8:30 p.m. there.

每包五磅重的食糖价格从1.6英镑涨到1.84英镑,上升了15%。这种价格变动真是由欧共体的农业政策造成的吗?

Can we really attribute a 15% increase in the price of five-pound bag of sugar from 1 pound 60 to 1 pound 84 to the agriculture policy of the EEC?

第三部分句子练习

我愿借此机会,代表我们代表团的全体成员,对我们东道主的诚挚邀请,表示真诚的谢意。On the behalf of all the members of my mission, I would like to take this opportunity to express our sincere thanks to our host for their earnest invitation.

现在,我愉快地宣布第二十二届万国邮政联盟大会开幕。

Now, I have the pleasure to declare the 22nd Universal Postal Congress open.

我很荣幸地代表中国政府和人民向来自联合王国的代表团表示热烈的欢迎。

I have the honor to express this warm welcome on behalf of the Chinese Government and people to the delegation from the United Kingdom.

我谨向各位表示最热烈的欢迎。

I would like to extend my warmest welcome to all of you.

我预祝大会圆满成功!

I wish the conference a complete success!

请允许我向您和其他各位在座的客人表示热烈的欢迎。

I would like to extend a warm welcome to you and the other guests present here.

首先,我以在座的中国同事们的名义,感谢您设宴招待我们。

First of all, in the name of my Chinese colleagues present here, I wish to thank you for giving us this banquet.

我请大家和我一起举杯,为中美人民之间的友谊干杯。

I ask all of you present to jion me in raising your glasses to the friendship between the Chinese and American peoples.

我能有幸欢迎你和今晚在座底诸位美国客人,感到十分荣幸。

It is a great privilege to be able to welcome you and the American friends’ present h ere in this evening.

我要对你给予我们的无限盛情的款待表示忠心的感谢。

I want to express my deep appreciation for the incomparable hospitality you have extended to us.

我谨代表所有在座的客人,对你们的盛情款待表示感谢。

On behalf of all of your guests here, I wish to thank you for your hospitality.

我预祝会议圆满成功。

I would like to express my best wishes for the success of this meeting.

我们的共同努力必将富有成果,并增进我们的友谊。

Our co-operative efforts are sure to be productive and will contribute to our friendship.

我们非常高兴出席今晚为我们举行的招待会。

We are very pleased to be here tonight at this reception ( party) given in our honor.

现在,我提议为玛格丽特二世女王陛下的健康干杯。

Now I would like to propose a toast to the health of Her Majesty Queen Margaret the Second.

第四部分段落练习

1、尊敬的里士满(Richmond)博士,

中美医药卫生联合委员会诸位会员,

朋友们、同志们:

首先,请允许我代表中华人民共和国卫生部和中国医务工作者,并以我个人的名义对里士满博士及各位美国朋友表示热烈的欢迎,并预祝会议圆满成功。

。。。。。。。

这样做,我们的共同努力必将富有成果,并有助于我们两国医疗卫生事业的发展。

我提议,

为中美两国政府与人民之间的友谊,

为两国医务界的友好合作,

为里士满博士的健康,

为所有在座的美国朋友和中国同事们的健康

干杯!

Respected Dr. Richmond,

Members of the Sino-American Committee on Medicine and Public Health,

Friends and Comrades,

First of all, on behalf of the Ministry of Public Health of the People’s Republic of China and all the Chinese medical workers, and on my own behalf, I would like to extend a warm welcome to Dr. Richmond and the other American guests present. I would also like to express my best wishes for the success of the meeting.

...............

In this way, our cooperative efforts are sure to be productive and will contribute to the progress in the medicine and public health in our two countries.

Now, I would like to propose a toast,

to the friendship of our two governments and the peoples of our two countries,

to the friendly cooperation between our two countries’ medical workers,

to the health of Dr. Richmond,

to the health of all our American friends and Chinese comrades present here.

2、尊敬的埃林。詹森大臣阁下,

女士们、先生们:

今晚我们应邀出席詹森大臣阁下为中国卫生代表团举行的宴会,感到十分高兴。请允许我代表中国卫生代表团全体成员,并以我个人的名义向您表示衷心的感谢。

。。。。。。。。。

我相信,在朋友们的友好相助下,我们这次访问一定会增进我们之间的相互了解,增进我们之间的友谊,一定会取得圆满的成功。

请允许我再一次向今晚在座的各位朋友表示衷心的感谢,感谢你们的友好情谊和盛情款待。现在我提议,

为中丹两国人民和医务界之间的友谊和合作,

为女王玛格丽特二世陛下的健康,

为首相安科。乔根森阁下的健康,

为在座的女士们,先生们的健康,干杯!

Your Excellency Minister Erling Jensen,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

We the Chinese Medical Delegation, are very pleased to be here tonight at this reception in our honor by Minister Jensen. On behalf of all the members of the delegation, and on my own behalf, please allow me to express my sincere thanks......

......

I believe that with your friendly cooperation, this visit will be a successful one and will contribute to our friendship and mutual understanding.

Please allow me once again to express our heartfelt thanks to everyone present here tonight for your friendliness and hospitality.

Now, I would like to propose a toast,

to the friendship and cooperation between the peoples and doctors of Denmark and China,

to the health of Her Majesty Queen Margaret the Second,

to the health of His Excellency Prime Minister Anker Jorgensen,

to the health of the ladies and gentlemen present here.

3、尊敬的来宾、代表们、

朋友们、同志们:

我荣幸地宣布,第一届中国国际旅游会议开幕了。我代表中国政府和人民并以我个人的名义,向这次会议表示热烈的祝贺,衷心的欢迎各位来宾和代表。

。。。。。。。。。

朋友们,同志们,这次会议期间,我们将聚会一堂,交流经验。会议后,你们中一些人将去中国的其他地方参观访问。我诚恳地希望,你们将对中国的旅游事业提出宝贵的意见和建议。

我祝本次大会圆满成功,并祝各位身体健康,在中国过得愉快。

谢谢各位。

Distinguished guests and delegates,

friends and Comrades,

It is my honor to declare the commencement of the first China International Tourism Conference. On behalf of the Chinese Government and the people, and in my own name, I express my warm congratulation to the Conference and my heartfelt welcome to all the guests and delegates.....................

Friends and comrades, during this Conference we shall get together to exchange experience. After the Conference, some of you will visit other parts of China. I sincerely hope that you will give your valuable comments and suggestions on tourism in China.

I wish the Conference a great success and wish you good health and a happy stay in China.

Thank you.

4、中国共产党第十六次全国代表大会上的报告

全面建设小康社会,开创中国特色社会主义事业新局面——在中国共产党第十六次全国代表大会上的报告(中英文对照)

——在中国共产党第十六次全国代表大会上的报告

Build a well-off society in an all-round way and open up new prospects for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics

-- Report at the 16th national congress of the Communist Party of China

现在,我代表第十五届中央委员会向大会作报告。

Now I would like to make a report to the congress on behalf of the Fifteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC).

中国共产党第十六次全国代表大会,是我们党在新世纪召开的第一次代表大会,也是我们党在开始实施社会主义现代化建设第三步战略部署的新形势下召开的一次十分重要的代表大会。

The Sixteenth National Congress of the CPC is the first of its kind held by our Party in the new century. It is a very important congress convened by our Party in the new situation in which we have begun to take the third step of the strategic plan for socialist modernization.

大会的主题是:高举邓小平理论伟大旗帜,全面贯彻“三个代表”重要思想,继往开来,与时俱进,全面建设小康社会,加快推进社会主义现代化,为开创中国特色社会主义事业新局面而奋斗。

The theme of the congress is to hold high the great banner of Deng Xiaoping Theory, fully act on the important thought of Three Represents, carry forward our cause into the future, keep pace with the times, build a well-off society in an all-round way, speed up socialist modernization and work hard to create a new situation in building socialism with Chinese characteristics.

当人类社会跨入二十一世纪的时候,我国进入全面建设小康社会、加快推进社会主义现代化的新的发展阶段。

As human society entered the 21st century, we started a new phase of development for building a well-off society in an all-round way and speeding up socialist modernization.

国际局势正在发生深刻变化。

The international situation is undergoing profound changes.

世界多极化和经济全球化的趋势在曲折中发展,科技进步日新月异,综合国力竞争日趋激烈。The trends toward world multi-polarization and economic globalization are developing amidst twists and turns. Science and technology are advancing rapidly. Competition in overall national strength is becoming increasingly fierce.

形势逼人,不进则退。

Given this pressing situation, we must move forward, or we will fall behind.

我们党必须坚定地站在时代潮流的前头,团结和带领全国各族人民,实现推进现代化建设、完成祖国统一、维护世界和平与促进共同发展这三大历史任务,在中国特色社会主义道路上实现中华民族的伟大复兴。

Our Party must stand firm in the forefront of the times and unite with and lead the Chinese people of all ethnic groups in accomplishing the three major historical tasks: to propel the modernization drive, to achieve national reunification and to safeguard world peace and promote common development, and in bringing about the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on its road to socialism with Chinese characteristics.

这是历史和时代赋予我们党的庄严使命。

This is a grand mission history and the era have entrusted to our Party.

第五部分评论

In the following you can find some possible topics that are useful for you. We do not have the exact answers for each of them, but some relevant information is supplied, so think about them very carefully.

1.Should college graduates earn higher salaries than the less well-educated in the

community?

Some conclude that college students should bear expenses for their higher learning on the generalization that college graduates usually receive higher salaries for similar jobs than those without a college degree. We can not deny that higher level of education, indeed, do associate with better income. Still, build on such fact alone, the conclusion remains questionable when more aspects are taken into consideration.

The whole argument in question rests on an assumption that it is always the case that people with higher education make more money than those less well-educated. But salary or income is, in most cases, based on contributions made by employees to companies or organizations in which they are employed. Statistics in the labor market indicate that people with professional training tend to find jobs easier than college graduates do and that blue-collar workers who do not hold college degrees are becoming the hottest in the labor market. Employers prefer to hire and pay more to highly skilled and specially trained people rather than fresh college graduates. In the auto industry, for instance, skilled technicians make two or three times more than their college educated counterparts who make the average salaries in other companies. And it is widely accepted that people’s income is determined more by talent, hard work, and willingness to take risks than solely by certain qualifications such as college education. Otherwise, the unemployment rate of college graduates would not be increasing every year and the rule of supply and demand will lose much of power in controlling the labor market. Admittedly in some knowledge extensive field such as research, teaching, and practice of law the labor force are primarily consists of highly educated professionals. But such people make up only a fraction of the labor market and are thus unrepresentative of the whole employment in general.

Considering the goal of education, we find that it is even more problematic for the country to throw all the responsibility of financing college education to college students. The goal of higher education of a nation is to improve and strengthen the general level of intellectual and professional capacity of its labor force, thereby increasing the competency of the nation in the global economy.

As tax payers, parents all contributes to the education system and country in various ways. It is only reasonable and necessary that the country gives some forms of financially assistance to students to ease the burden of rising education costs. Such help should go to not only students from needy or impoverished families but also outstanding students from affluent backgrounds. Doing so can significantly boost the motivation of children from millions of families to engage in higher level of study. It is understandable that the general quality of people in a country will improve and its economy will benefit both now and in years to follow.

If the burden of supporting children’s higher education is dumped on parents and students, thousands of brilliant students will be deprived of chances to pursue their academic inspiration. Among those who suffer would definitely be future great scientists, business managers, artists and statesmen. The loss will be disastrous and irreversible.

In conclusion, the idea that students should also pay the full cost of their study is wrong and harmful because it is wrong to assume that higher education necessarily equalize high income. Moreover, it is in the best interest of a nation to take responsibility in financing college education so that the goal of higher education will be better met.

2. JOB PROBLEMS FOR GRADUATES

According to the statistics, only 58% of college graduates could find jobs in their specialties. Why do college graduates find it increasingly difficult to get a rewarding job?

One reason perhaps is that many colleges and universities fail to adapt their courses to the development of economy. Degree courses offered in these institutions of higher learning are so outdated, irrelevant and impractical that the students themselves find it hard to translate their book knowledge into real job skills. Second, there is an oversupply of graduates in certain specialties.

So many of them can not enter the professions for which they are trained. College graduates are valuable resources in our country. The problems they encounter in job hunting deserve more attention.

3. 世界恐怖案件调查表

The number of terror attacks over the past four years has been climbing and rocketed to 204 cases in the year of 2004. This is a shocking figure to everyone and every nation in the world, which has aroused the deep concern of the international community. Can you say something about this?

In my view, terrorist offences against civilians cannot be justified in any way. Action of the kind is no doubt criminal regardless of their motivation, be it political or personal. The terror attack on children and women is never forgivable. In fact, terror attack is a threat to the world peace and

stability.

Counter-measures should be taken to fight against terrorism. To begin with, there is a greater and more urgent need for the international community to collaborate now. What’s more, the legislative framework of international cooperation against terrorism should be perfected. Most importantly, the world community should car efully explore terrorism’s breading grounds while probing effective means to counter it.

4. 关于南京大屠杀知道情况的问卷调查

The number of people who know the date of the Nanjing Massacre (大屠杀) is only one out of fifteen, which is really surprising to every Chinese. The social phenomenon is not a trivial matter and should arouse the great concern of our society. What does it mean to us?

The aim of the research is to remind us that we are forgetting what we should always keep in mind as a Chinese. Everyone in the world has his/her motherland. As a Chinese, we should have a good understanding of the history of our motherland. Without a good understanding of the history, we can not be a qualified Chinese. In the history of our nation, many significant events have ever taken place. The Nanjing Massacre is just one of them, which have left us an unforgettable memory. To forget events of the kind means that we betray our nation, that we are losing our national spirit, that we lack patriotism (爱国精神), and that we are destroying our future. The phenomenon which is revealed in the chart above is pervasive and must be curbed. Otherwise, it will impair the development of our motherland.

Counter-measures must be taken to rectify the trend of the kind revealed in the chart above. Mostly importantly, laws and regulations must be established to popularize the knowledge of the history of our motherland. Besides, activities at national level should be organized to mark the significant events in our history. In sum, we must attach more importance to our history in order to make our country become a strong and powerful nation in the world.

5. 考研人数从2003-2005年持续上升

The number of MS/MA candidates has been climbing over the past years and rocketed to 1.3 million in the year of 2005. People at different walks of life may wonder what is behind the figure. What is your viewpoint?

The foremost reasons for the great increase of MA/MS candidates over the past years can be illustrated as follows. In the first place, the idea that knowledge is power has contributed to the enormous increase of MA/MS candidates. At present, we are living in an era of knowledge explosion. If we want to survive in the current society, we must have good command of knowledge.

To be exact, knowledge learning has become a life-long work.

Therefore, more and more people are content with their four-year college education and apply for MA/MS degree. In the second place, the current unsatisfactory job-hunting has resulted in the great increase of MS/MA candidates over the past years. At the moment, the supply of the college graduates overtakes the demand for the college graduates.

As a result, many college graduates can not find jobs that they really enjoy and want. Some of their jobs are even irrelevant to their majors. Therefore, they would like to conduct further study instead of doing the work that they dislike. As a consequence, more and more people apply for MA/MS degree, which has led to the great increase of MA/MS candidates.

6. 中国在奥运会上金牌逐渐上升

The number of gold medals which are snatched by P.R. China has been climbing and rocketed to 32 at the 2004 Athens Olympic Games. This is a great achievement in Chinese sports. People both at home and abroad may wonder what has brought about the great success.

The foremost reasons for the great achievement which is revealed in the chart above can be illustrated as follows. To begin with, the Opening-up and Reform has contributed to the growth of Chinese sports. The Opening-up and Reform since 1978 has improved the development of economy in China, which has laid a solid foundation for the development of sports in China.

Thus, without the Opening-up and Reform, the 32 gold medals would be a pie in the sky. What’s more, the international exchanges have brought about the growth of Chinese sports. On one hand, we sent Yao Ming to NBA and Liu Xiang to participate in international events of various kinds. On the other hand, we have invited foreign professionals to come to China and coach our national teams.

Therefore, without the international exchanges, the 32 gold medals would be an empty talk. 7. 2004年不同疾病的死亡率

Among the leading causes of death among 15 — 59-year-olds worldwide in the year of 2004 are HIV/AIDS, heart failure, tuberculosis and so forth, which cover both external and internal factors. What the figure reveals mirrors a social reality, which is in effect thought-provoking.

The aim of the painter of the chart is to make us have a clear understanding of the leading causes of death so as to improve our life span and the quality of life. In the first place, some diseases such as HIV/AIDS and cancer are still No. 1 enemies since we still have no better way to deal with them. Consequently, we must work hard in this aspect and try our best to find the cure as early as possible. In the second place, psychological stress on us should not be neglected in terms of leading causes of death. Causes such as heart failure and suicide are closely related with

psychological stress.

Therefore, to protect our life, we must first of all attach importance to our state of mind. Last but not least important, some leading causes such as respiratory illness is associated with our environment pollution. Therefore, the improvement of our environment can contribute to the protection of our life. In sum, the chart above reminds us that the leading causes of death result from diseases, psychological stress, and environmental pollution. In order to have a better life, something must be done in the relevant aspects mentioned above.

8. My view on colleg e students’ marriage大学生结婚之我见

Nowadays college students’ marriage has attracted general attentions in our society. Newspapers also carry articles pertaining to this matter now and then. People put forward different opinions. Based on an investigation 65% of people hold the opinion that students shouldn’t get marry on campus, and I take the same view.

There are probably four reasons.

First of all, students haven’t come into close contact with the society. Our blind pursuit of love maybe misleads us to find a person who is not really fit for us. A senior of Nanjing University divorced from her husband after a year’s marriage life because of the poor economic condition and the lack of communication.

Secondly, the period during we are at college is a golden time for our study. We should work hard to acquire knowledge and enhance abilities. Chances are that marriage and family take up so much time that our study will be seriously affected. When we enter the society, it is really hard to make a successful ca reer because 22% of companies don’t want to employ graduates who have already got married. This will be a great threat to student-couples. Many of them will be forced to leave each other because they couldn’t find suitable jobs in the same city.

Thirdl y, although universities have canceled the ban to students’ marriage, they don’t encourage it. College will never offer apartments to student-couples. And it is both inconvenient and unsafe to rent apartments outside the campus. Meanwhile a lot of money will be wasted in the family life. Students haven’t earned money. How could we ask for money from our parents and lead a luxury life?

What’s more, many parents are afraid of becoming mother-in-law or father-in-law unconsciously. The immature marriage will bring family and society a great unsteadiness. If it ends in a divorce, the hurt of heart is really uneasy to bear.

To sum up, college students have the right of getting married. But we must handle the right with great care. We should pursue academic interest first. When we graduate and have a better

understanding of love, when we have the abilities to raise a family, we can think about marriage. 9. Job Changing Becomes a Fashion

It used to be quite an embarrassing thing in China for a person to be dismissed by his or her employer. But things are different now.

Take Beijing as an example. Many people now seek the opportunity to be sacked. Last year, some 14, 000 people succeeded in leaving their work places by resigning or having their employers dismiss them. Many of them were the backbone of their enterprises, including skilled workers and college graduates just assigned to their work places.

Enterprise leaders hold that many things account for the changing of jobs. Some people are not content with the situation in their work units; some are attracted by the higher income of self-employed workers and those who work for foreign interest- involved businesses.

A woman used to work for a commerce college as a teacher in Beijing, but she found it more interesting to work for a corporation as an office worker.

She said: "Satisfaction in my career is what I want."

Not all of those who left their work units find new jobs instantly. They become frequent visitors to the labor market in the capital. Some are lucky and are well received, but some are not, especially those who do not have special professional skills.

It is not unusual for some people to try to return to their original work units because they fail to find suitable new jobs.

Some who quit enjoy a new success in their career. A street peddler said, "I just regret I left the factory too late..." The peddler wore a suit of Western-style clothes and apparently is well-off now. But another peddler said that they earn money only through hardship. "We suffer coldness in winter and heat in summer, spending all day in open air." And he told a reporter that a peddler who worked near him had returned to his original work unit because he found it too hard to be a self-employed worker.

The frequent change of jobs among employees represents a challenge to the years-old job allocation system in China, revealing the fact that people have begun to pay attention to their personal values and have a sense of competition. The flow of personnel in the form of quitting old jobs to find new ones cannot be stopped by mere administrative means. Such a flow is inevitable in the development of a commodity economy.

The problem can only be solved by further reform.

10. What are your viewpoints toward making friend through the internet?

11. Nowadays more and more reports are talking about the crimes committed by young students

who are greatly influenced by computer games. Try to show your opinions on this phenomenon. 12. Without goals, life is meaningless. Goals provide the direction in life. It is always wondered why some people cannot see the importance of goals, the need to set goals and follow them through. Very few people would get on a plane or a ship, not knowing where they were traveling to. Goals are the aim for striving (奋斗目标)and those who walk about without plans through life waste a great deal of time.

Goal setting has long been thought to be necessary in business and more recently many people have come to think highly of some of the great people in the world - people who set simple goals and who go after them - such as Nelson Mandela, Mother Teresa and Michael Jordan.

For personal development, the starting point is setting goals. Sometimes the starting point is dreaming, having wishes, then breaking their big plan into small ones that can be achieved (实现).

A useful idea is to think about what you would really like to achieve, what you will be in the future - five years from now, ten years from now. Writing these down is a good starting point.

It is always wise to break goals up into short-term and long-term goals. Knowing that something is achievable soon can give more confidence to achieve. Long-term goals will probably be fewer , but short-term goals can fall into a “more possible to achieve” basket .

Goals need to be started with clearness. The clearer they are, the easier they are to reach. If a goal is shown clearly, it can guide to a fitting action. It is important that a person never loses sight of their goals. To do so is to become aimless and off track. It is sometimes useful to question yourself. “How important is this goal to me?” If the answer is “I think it is very important ”, then it must be followed. That means that action must be taken at once.

Delay (拖延)is the thief (贼)of time for human. The longer you delay, the more difficult it is to achieve goals. There are many people who probably have less skill (技能), even less education than you, yet they succeed. It is most likely because they take action, they realized (认识到)what they want, what they set out to do. They achieve their goal. Goal setting really never finishes for the successful person. Once a goal has been achieved, there is another to be set and reached for.

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