Unit 7 Bidding Farewell
What you should learn to do
1.See off a friend and wish him/her a pleasent journey
2.Make a farewell speech to:
Express thanks for the host’s hospitality
Appreciate the pleasant cooperation
Express good wishes for the future
3.Write a farewell letter
What you should know about
1.Two ways to prepare an English farewell speech and write a farewell letter
2.Emphasis, ellipsis and inversion in a sentence
Section I Talking Face to Face
2.Acting out the Tasks
3.Studying Email Information on the Internet
4.Following Sample Dialogues
5.Putting Language to Use
Section II Being All Ears
1.Learning Sentences for Workplace Communication
2.Handling a Dialogue
3.Understanding a Short Speech / Talk
Section III Trying your Hand
1.Practicing Applied Writing
2.Writing Sentences and Reviewing Grammar
Section IV Maintaining a Sharp Eye
Passage 1 :
Text The Most Unforgettable Character I’ve Met
I remember vividly that first English class in the last term of high school. We boys (there were no girls in the school) were waiting expectantly for the new teacher to appear. Before long, through the door came in a tall, unimpressive-looking man of about 40. He said shyly, “Good afternoon, gentlemen.”
His voice had a surprising tone of respect, almost as if he were addressing the Supreme Court instead of a group of youngsters. He wrote his name on the blackboard —Wilmer T. Stone —then sat on the front of his desk, drew one long leg up and grasped his bony knee.
“Gentlemen,”he began, “we are here this semester —your last —to continue your study of English. I know we shall enjoy learning with —and from —one another. We are going to learn something about journalism and how to get out your weekly school paper. Most important, we are going to try to really get interested in reading and writing. Those who do, I venture to say, will lead far richer, fuller lives than they would otherwise.”
He went on like that, voicing a welcome message of friendliness and understanding. An unexpected feeling of excitement stirred in me.
During the term that followed, his enthusiasm spread through us like a contagion. “Don’t be afraid to disagree with me,”he used to say. “It shows you are thinking for yourselves, and that’s what you are here for.”Warming to such confidence, we felt we had to justify it by giving more than our best. And we did.
Mr. Stone gave us the greatest gift a teacher can bestow —an awakening of a passion for learning. He had a way of dangling before us part of a story, a literary character or idea, until we were curious and eager for more; then he would cut himself short and say, “But I suppose you have read so-and-so.”When we shook our heads,
he would write the title of a book on the blackboard, then turn to us. “There are some books like this one I almost wish I had never read. Many doors to pleasure are closed to me now, but they are all open for you!”
The end of the term came much too soon. The morning before graduation day the class suddenly and spontaneously decided to give Mr. Stone a literary send-off that afternoon —a goodbye party withm poems and songs for the occasion.
That afternoon when Mr. Stone walked slowly into Room 318 we made him take a seat in the first row. One of the boys, sitting in the teacher’s chair, started off with a poem called “Farewell”; the rest of us were grouped around him. Mr. Stone sat tight-lipped, until toward the end when he slowly turned to the right and then to the left, looking at each of us in turn as if he wanted to register the picture on his mind.
When we got to the last chorus of the parody, we saw tears rolling down Mr. Stone’s high cheekbones. He got up and pulled out a handkerchief and blew his nose and wiped his face. “Boys,”he began, and no one even noticed that he wasn’t calling us “men”any more, “we’re not very good, we Americans, at expressing sentiment. But I want to tell you that you have given me something I shall never forget.”
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
1. (Para. 1) Before long, through the door came in a tall, unimpressive-looking man of about 40.
Analysis: The sentence ... through the door came in a tall, unimpressive-looking man of about 40 takes the structure of full S-V inversion. Inversion includes two types: full inversion and partial inversion.Full inversion is usually used in a sentence beginning with an adverbial of place (through the door in this sentence). Inversion is used to emphasize the ending part of the sentence, a tall ... man of about 40 in this case.
Example: Inside the parcel was a letter addressed to my father.
Seldom had I seen Sasha so upset.
2. (Para. 2) His voice had a surprising tone of respect, almost as if he were addressing the Supreme Court instead of a group of youngsters.
Analysis: In this sentence, as if (as though) introduces an adverbial clause, which is often in a subjunctive mood.
Example: He ran off as fast as possible as if his life were in danger.
3. (Para. 5) Warming to such confidence, we felt we had to justify it by giving more than our best.
Analysis: The phrasal verb warm to means become fond of or be stimulated by.
Warming to such confidence is a present participle phrase, which functions as an adverbial of cause.
Translation: 在他的感召下，我们是如此有信心，感到必须表现优异才对。Example: Warming to the idea of buying a new car (= As he was warming to the idea of buying a new car), he started to save money by every means.
4. (Para. 6) He had a way of dangling before us part of a story or idea, until we were curious and eager for more; ...
Analysis: To dangle something before / in front of somebody means to offer something good to somebody in order to persuade them to do something (使产生悬念). Until can be used as a prep. or a conj., meaning up to (the time that). Translation: 他有办法使我们对一个故事、一位文学人物或一种思想的某一部分产生悬念，让我们充满好奇，渴望了解更多的知识。
Example: A newspaper editor dangled his cheque book before thirsty writers.
Stay on the train until we get to Birmingham.
5. (Para. 6) There are some books like this one I almost wish I had never read. Analysis: We can use past tense after wish to denote subjunctive mood, which shows
a desire that is untrue.
Example: I wish I were a bird.
I wish they were here with us now.
6. (Para. 9) We saw tears rolling down Mr. Stone’s high cheekbones.
Analysis: Rolling here is used as an object complement. We can say see sb. doing or see sb. do. The V-ing form shows that the action is happening at the moment, while the bare infinitive form shows the fulfillment of the action.
Example: I saw him coming out of the car. 我看见他正在下汽车。
I saw him come out of the car. 我看见他下了汽车。
2 Important Words
v. to come into sight; be seen; seem, look 出现，看起来，似乎
A car appeared over the hill.
He appears well this morning.
It appears that he will win.
v. to hold firmly, take hold of; succeed in understanding sth. often
I grasped the door handle with both hands and pulled hard.
As she fell, she grasped at the window to try to stop her fall.
After reading the text again, I finally grasped the main points of the
v. to risk going somewhere or doing something (dangerous); to take the risk of saying (something that may be opposed or considered
Don’t venture too near the edge of the well; you might fall in.
I told my wife not to venture to get close to the edge of the cliff.
I venture that you are behaving foolishly.
ad. differently; in every other way, except for 别样，以另一种方式
I can’t say otherwise or I would be lying.
Their plane was late, but otherwise they had a good trip.
conj. if not, or else 否则，不然
Seize the chance, otherwise you will regret it.
You must pay your taxes on time; otherwise you will be fined.
v. to give a good reason for; to be a good reason for 提供正当理由，论证e.g.
How can you justify your rude behavior?
Nothing can justify such rude behavior.
He justified buying a car by showing how useful it would be.
v. to try to attract someone by promising or describing; to offer as
an attraction 吊胃口，招引，虚晃
He dangled a trip to Paris in front of her to get her to work for him.
She likes to keep her lovers dangling.
Don’t keep me dangling, and tell me if I passed the test.
a. interested in knowing about things; strange, unusual
I am curious; where did you buy that beautiful dress?
The boy was curious about everything he saw.
I was curious to hear what he would say.
You have a curious influence over me.
a. full of desire or interest 热切的，热情洋溢的
We are eager to go on our vacation.
I am eager for news about them.
The department head is eager that all workers shall / should come in time.
He listened to the story with eager attention.
ad. produced from natural feelings or causes without outside force, esp.
quickly and unplanned 自然地，自发地
All at once the crowd spontaneously broke into applause.
The decision they had spontaneously made to work for an extra half-hour turned out to be a bad idea.
He made an offer to help spontaneously.
v. to put into an official list or record; to enter one’s name on a list;
to show; to have an effect 注册，记录，显现，发生效力
Is the car registered?
He told me he was married but I’m afraid they didn’t register.
Her face registered anxiety.
Passage 2 :
Information Related to the Reading Passage
1. The occasions for giving a farewell speech
When someone leaves a work unit or a place because of changing a job or a job promotion, or when someone retires from the job, a farewell party is usually held at which a farewell speech will be given.
2. Useful patterns for making a farewell speech
(1) Today’s meeting will be a most memorable occasion for ...
(2) This has been a most memorable year for ...
(3) This has been a wonderful experience of working with ...
(4) It’s the time to thank ... for ...
(5) We must give credit to ... for ...
(6) We should give the thanks for ... to ...
(7) We want to express our appreciation for ... to ...
(8) Our successes are a direct result of ...
(9) Our successes would be fewer without your help.
Text A Farewell Speech
Ladies and gentlemen,
Today’s meeting will be a most memorable occasion for me, because it is my time to thank everyone for their support and encouragement in the past year during my tenure as president of this group. Serving as your president gave me the opportunity to work with everyone here, and I count that one of the greatest personal rewards I received during the last year. I remember how, at first, I was unsure of my ability to function effectively as your president. But now, with every member’s unselfish contribution to our work here, the job became a joy to me. Our successes this year are a direct result of the active participation of all the members in our group.
I am especially proud of the success of this year’s Arbor Day Fund Drive. Ms. Lin Qiulan as chairperson of the Tree Sales Committee was directly responsible for the highest sales ever recorded during this activity. As a result, we are able to carry on some of our most important projects, and thousands of trees were distributed to the city residents for planting, thus contributing to the beauty and brilliance of our city for years to come.
Also, I must give credit to Ms. Jiang for organizing some of the most memorable and interesting programs for each of our monthly meetings, and her programs provided much useful information about local plants and flowers, about producing better gardens, and many other topics.
With your continuing support in the coming year, Ms. Verner, our new president, can carry on our important work of beautifying our homes and our city. Some unfinished work is being passed on to her, which we should all strive to complete next year. I am thinking particularly of the project for developing a small downtown park.
For giving me the opportunity to serve as president, to serve our city, and to work with everyone here, I give my sincere thanks to you. This has been a most
memorable year for me and I hope our group continues to grow and prosper in the future. Thank you.
1 Explanation of Difficult Sentences
1. (Para. 1) It is my time to thank everyone for their support ...
Analysis: It is one’s time to do sth. means it is one’s turn to do sth. Translation:因为该由我感谢大家的时刻到了。
Example: It is your time to make up your room.
2. (Para. 1) Serving as your president gave me the opportunity to work with everyone here.
Analysis: Serving as your president is used as the sentence subject.
Example: Reading history helps broaden your world outlook.
3. (Para. 4) Some unfinished work is being passed on to her, which we should strive to complete next year.
Analysis: In this sentence, which we should strive to complete next year is a non-restrictive relative clause modifying some unfinished work. In the usual order, the which-clause should immediately follow the antecedent
work, which, however, would make the subject part much too long.
Translation: 一些未完成的工作正在移交给她，我们大家明年都应该努力去完成。Example: The car she bought last year was given to her sister, which cost her $10,000.
2 Important Words
n. an award, sth. pleasant for sth. well done 奖赏，报酬，收获
She gave herself the reward for a winter vacation after working hard
all the autumn.
A large reward is offered for the return of the ring.
Virtue is its own reward.
v. to work (faithfully) for; to do a useful job for; to do duty; to have an office or job 服务，为?效力，服役，任职
Our chief purpose is to serve mankind.
Our gardener has served the family for 20 years.
He has served in the army for some years.
v. to divide among several or many; to spread out; to give out or deliver 分配，分布，分送
The school distributed the books to the students at the beginning of
This new machine distributes seeds evenly and quickly over the soil.
The product of labor should be justly distributed.
a. arriving; that is coming or will come 即将来到的
During the coming joyful season we must remember the poor and
those without homes.
I’m leaving on a trip this coming Sunday.
The coastal towns are preparing for the coming storm.
v. to struggle hard (to get or conquer) or fight 奋力（以获得或征服）
He strove for recognition as an artist.
The swimmer is striving against the current.
The company is striving to improve working conditions.