职业综合英语(1) 作业2

对外经济贸易大学继续教育学院

夜大教育部

2010-2011学年度第二学期

新职业英语—职业综合英语(1)作业2

Ⅰ. Match the words or phrases on the left with their meanings on the right. (30) Group One

1. opportunity A. the act of taking goods, letters, etc. to a particular person

or place

2. legal B. a person who buys and used goods and services

3. profit C. movement of people or goods from one place to another

4. delivery D. good or useful in a particular situation

5. maintenance E. connected with the law

6. consumer F. the amount of something

7. transport G.. chance; a favorable moment

8. advantageous H. the act of keeping sth in good condition by checking or

repairing it regularly

9. volume I. money gained by trade

10. exchange J. give and receive in return

Group Two

1. establish A. have earned sth by good or bad actions or behavior

2. deserve B. deciding the value or the amount of

3. comment C. set up; start

4. in place D. a job or profession

5. implement E. take action or put into practice

6. career F. a gradual change or development that produces a

particular result

7. decade G. opinion given briefly in speech or writing about sth or

someone

8. trend H. a period of ten year

9. statistics I. promise that sth will certainly happen

10. guarantee J. in existence and ready to be used

Ⅱ. Multiple Choice For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. (word and structure 30)

1. Have you seen Rebecca recently? Her client wants to know ____.

A. what is she getting along

B. how is she getting along

C. what she is getting along

D. how she is getting along

2. ____ surprised me most was____ such a little girl of seven could play the violin so well.

A. That; what

B. What; that

C. That; that

D. What; what

3. It was ordered that all the staff ____ to the workshop.

A. should send

B. must be sent

C. should be sent

D. must go

4. We are all for your proposal that the discussion ____.

A. be put off

B. was put off

C. should put off

D. is to be put off

5. Helen hopes to become a friend of ____ purchases her products.

A. anyone

B. whomever

C. whoever

D. no matter who

6. Recently Mary bought an ancient Chinese vase, ____ was very reasonable.

A. which price

B. the price of which

C. its price

D. the price whose of

7. The tourist asked me to take his picture in the square ____ stood the famous tower.

A. that

B. where

C. which

D. there

8. The boss ____ department Mrs. Susan worked ten years ago looks down upon women.

A. in which

B. in that

C. in whose

D. whose

9. I don?t like ____ you speak to your manager.

A. the way

B. /

C. the way which

D. the way of which

10. He made another wonderful discovery, ____ of great importance to science.

A. which I think is

B. which I think it is

C. which I think it

D. I think which is

11. I hurried ____ I wasn?t late for class.

A. since

B. so that

C. as if

D. unless

12. When you read the book, you?d better make a mark ____ you have any questions.

A. which

B. that

C. where

D. though

13. The teacher raised his voice ____ all the students could hear him.

A. for

B. so that

C. because

D. in order that

14. He took off his coat ____ he felt hot.

A. because of

B. as to

C. if

D. since

15. It is ____ that we?d like to go out for a walk.

A. a lovely day

B. too lovely a day

C. so lovely

D. such lovely a day

16. The robber was brought in, with his hands ____ behind his back.

A. being tied

B. having tied

C. to be tied

D. tied

17. I am going to the passport office ____.

A. to stamp my passport

B. to have my passport stamped

C. to have stamped my passport

D. for stamping my passport

18. The visiting director expressed his satisfaction with the products, ____ that he had enjoyed his stay here.

A. having added

B. to add

C. adding

D. added

19. The missing boys were last seen ____ near the bank.

A. playing

B. to be playing

C. play

D. to play

20. The manage ordered the work ____.

A. be started at once

B. to be started at once

C. to start at once

D. at once started

21. Although Jack is only 6 years old, he is really ____ in his family.

A. an adult

B. nothing

C. something

D. aged

22. It?s said that cutting down the price of the commodity apartment will help to ____ the scope of benefit.

A. tighten

B. soften

C. strengthen

D. widen

23. I don?t take part in balls but I ____ years ago.

A. except

B. used to

C. used to it

D. used to doing it

24. The mountain is not attractive ____ the temple at its top.

A. except

B. besides

C. except for

D. away from

25. Her unexpected illness ____ her dream of moving to another city to live freshly.

A. held up

B. held against

C. held down

D. held back

26. When his secretary whispered to him, we could see that he was amazed ____ what he heard.

A. to

B. with

C. on

D. at

27. The passengers stood ____ line to buy tickets.

A. at

B. in

C. with

D. on

28. The teacher usually broke ____ in the middle of his lecture to see whether the students understood him.

A. up

B. down

C. off

D. through

29. The duty of the postman is to ____ mails to our village.

A. see off

B. send out

C. deliver

D. give

30. Most of the students have never ____ Cultural Revolution in 1960s.

A. heard

B. heard of

C. heard from

D. heard out

Ⅲ. Cloze (2x 10) Each blank in the following passages is provided with four choices marked A, B, C and D. Read the whole passage and choose the best answer for each blank. Then mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

Henry?s job was to examine cars which crossed the frontier to make sure that they were not smuggling anything into the country. Every evening except at week ends, he __1__ see factory worker coming up the hill towards the frontier, __2__ a bicycle with a big load of old straw on it. When the bicycle reached the frontier, Henry used to stop the man and __3__ him take the straw off and untie it. Then he would examine the straw very carefully to see whether he could find anything. After which he would look in all the man?s pockets __4__ he let him tie the straw again. The man would then put it on his bicycle and go off down the hill with it. Although Henry was always __5__ to find gold or jewelers or other valuable things __6__ in the straw, he never found anything, even though he examined it every carefully. He was sure that the man was smuggling something, but he was not __7__ to imagine what it could be. Then one evening, after he had looked through the straw and emptied the factory worker?s pockets __8__ usual, he said to him, “Listen! I know you are smuggling things __9__ this frontier. Won?t you tell me what it is that you?re bringing into the country successfully? I?m an old man, and today is my last day on the __10__. Tomorrow I?m going to retire. I promise that I shall not tell anyone if you tell me what you?ve been smuggling.” The factory worker smiled and said quietly “ Bicycle!

1. A. should B. would C. might D. must

2. A. pushing B. pulling C. filling D. carrying

3. A. force B. order C. make D. call

4. A. before B. thus C. first D. so

5. A. lucky B. expecting C. suspecting D. insisting

6. A. appearing B. presented C. fallen D. hidden

7. A. capable B. possible C. able D. never

8. A. then B. more C. as D. like

9. A. cross B. past C. across D. into

10. A. job B. work C. case D. duty

Passage Two

Sometimes when we grow old, our memory is not as good as it was and we are not as mentally alert. This often __1__ in old age. It is __2__ and not serious. But many other people suffer a severe memory loss. It is so severe that they can not remember even the simplest things, and their __3__ abilities are so reduced that they can not think or reason clearly or communicate __4__ others. They become trouble and confused, suspicious and hostile. They say and do __5__ that often make no sense. And their behavior and personalities change so much that they seem to be __6__ from the people that once __7__. Such persons are not mentally sick, __8__ are their problems caused by old __9__. Sometimes they are suffering from a mysterious brain disorder __10__ Alzheimer?s disease. The disease is a major reason of death among older Americans.

1. A. happens B. brings about C. breaks out D. occurs to

2. A. normal B. ordinary C. average D. special

3. A. ideal B. psychological C. mental D. brain

4. A. to B. with C. by D. through

5. A. items B. programs C. professions D. things

6. A. different B. unlike C. distinguished D. familiar

7. A. liked B. were C. lived D. had been

8. A. nor B. not C. no longer D. never

9. A. years B. life C. age D. memory

10. A. calling B. being called C. calls D. called

Ⅳ. Error Identification ( 20 ) Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1 The reason for his return is because he forgot his file folder.

A. B. C. D.

2. Although I expected something different, I was still surprised by which he wrote in

A. B. C. D.

his report.

3. There is often enough information on the card to tell you what the book will be

A. B. C

useful or not.

.D.

4. John has just turned round the corner in his bicycle and you can catch up with him.

A. B. C. D.

5. He could see at once the letter was with Nancy?s writing although there was no

A. B. C. D. signature.

6. In numerous occasions he thought of her but he dare not call her.

A. B. C. D.

7. When we say a person is content to something we mean he is satisfied.

A. B. C .D.

8. Mrs. Grant downstairs invited the lady to go down there with tea on her birthday.

A. B. C. D.

9. The new highway shorts the trip from this city to the capital.

A. B. C. D.

10. If you tear the paper to four pieces, each of us will have a piece to write sth on.

A. B. C. D.

Ⅴ. Reading The passages are followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet. (2 X 5)

Passage One

The cost of health care in the United States has increased tenfold during the last twenty-five years, tripled during the last ten years, and doubled during the last five years. In 1970, one night in an average American hospital cost $75. By 1980, the same hospital was charging $200. Intensive care cost more than $300. Today hospital charges for surgery and post-operative care can easily reach $10 000, including $3000 for the surgeon and $7000 for the anesthesiologist.

One reason that the cost is so high can be traced to advances in medical technology that include expensive equipment and highly-trained, highly-paid personnel to run it. As an example, the CAT, a computerized scanner used for diagnostic purpose, now costs $600 000.

The problem is all the more serious because, unlike many other countries, the US does not have a national health insurance plan.

1. According to the passage, new medical technology ____

A. has no effect on the high cost of health care

B. contributes to the high cost of health care

C. may solve some of the problems related to the high cost of health care

D. requires less highly-trained, less highly-paid personnel

2. In 1980, one night in a regular hospital room cost ____.

A. $75

B. $200

C. $300

D. $700

3. Over the last tem years, the cost of health care in the US has increased ____.

A. twenty-five times

B. tem times

C. three times

D. two times

4. The CAT is used as an example of ____.

A. intensive care

B. health insurance

C. medical equipment

D. hospital personnel

5. According to the author of this passage, how is the United States different from

other countries?

A. The United States has more hospitals.

B. The hospital has better doctors.

C. The United States does not have a national insurance plan for health care.

D. The United States does not have a computerized scanner for diagnostic purposes. Passage Two

“The sea is the common property of all nations. It belongs equally to all. None can take it exclusively to themselves; nor is it …foreign? to any.”

This was the decision of John Marshall, chief justice of the United States from 1801 to 1835. It was stated as a fundamental rule of the sea that no one, and therefore everyone, owns the ocean. This means that outside territorial waters ( the waters within three miles of a country?s coast), the law is whatever nations agree on in peacetime and whatever the strongest naval powers can enforce in wartime.

After the United States purchased Alaska, Americans began to seize Canadians who were hunting seals outside Alaskan territorial waters. The Americans claimed that the seals were American property because they often came into the Alaskan shores owned by the United States. International judges disagreed with this reasoning. In some cases, however, the special rights of a nation that makes use of an open sea area are recognized.

All of the sea?s rules of the road are established by international conferences and treaties.

1. The fundamental rule of the sea means that ____

A. any powerful nation may control the sea.

B. any area of the sea belongs to the nation closest to it.

C. no one has exclusive rights to the open area.

D. no nation has any sea rights.

2. Territorial waters are those waters that ____

A. nations acquire through use.

B. nations share by agreement.

C. border a nation?s coast.

D. belong equally to all nations.

3. The Americans claimed the seals because ____

A. the seals came to American shores.

B. the seals were in American territorial waters.

C. the United States had purchased all the waters

D. there were no regulations for sealing.

4. International judges decided that ____

A. Canada had no sealing rights off Alaska.

B. the Canadians could hunt the seals.

C. the United States could claim the seals.

D. the United States could not hunt seals.

5. The main idea of this selection is that ____

A. the law of the sea was stated by John Marshall.

B. some nations are able to acquire special open-sea rights.

C. every nation owns its territorial waters.

D. the laws of the sea are established by international agreement.

Ⅵ. Translate the following Chinese sentences into English (10)

1. 通过国际贸易,不同国家得以用自己最高效生产的产品去换取别过做高效生产的产品。

2.更多的利润则可转化为员工更高的工资和对工厂及设备更多的投资。

3.. 货物必须从产地运往消费者所在地。

4. 相对与其他运输方式,铁路运输的运费是比较优惠的。

5. 一家公司想度量一下顾客的满意度是件好事。

6..除了注重文件的设计外,还要特别注意文件的发放和回收过程。

7. 在寻找职业方向时,明确未来的职业趋势会有所助益。

8. 今后十年内的三特热门职业领域将分别是信息技术、医疗和健身。

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