2009安徽省专升本英语试卷答案

安徽省2009年普通高等学校专升本招生考试

英语试题

注意事项:

1.试卷共8页,用钢笔或圆珠笔直接答在试题卷上。

2.答卷前将密封线内的项目填写清楚。

Part I Vocabulary and Structure (1 point each, 30 points in all)

Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences. You are required to complete each one by deciding on the most appropriate word or words from the 4 choices marked A,B,C and D, then write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1.Will you speak louder so as make people _____ you?

A.to hear B.heard C.hearing D.hear

2.The car industry can’t sur vive ______ the government help.

A.without B.with C.besides D.except

3.I had considerable difficulty ________ her to go out for a drink with me.

A.to persuade B.to have persuaded C.persuade D.persuading

4.Mr. Black, our new English teacher, is strict _________ kind.

A.or B.but C.with D.as well

5._______ China Today is a good way of improving our English.

A.Having read B.Have read C.Reading D.Read

6.If I ________ you, I wouldn’t miss the chance to morrow morning.

A.be B.will be C.am D.were

7.Those who want to attend the meeting should _______ the form.

A.fill in B.fill up C.fill with D.fill of

8.After ______ for the job, the interviewees will be required to take a health check.

A.to interview B.being interviewed C.interviewing D.having interviewed 9.Compared ________ our small flat, Bill’s house seemed like a palace.

A.in B.for C.with D.as

10.——Each of the hard-working students ________ to go to college.

——So do we.

A.hope B.hoping C.hoped D.hopes

11.He says ______ clearly ________ beginners understand most of his words. A.such…that B.so…that C.such a …that D.so a …that

12.Language is a tool _________ people communicate with each other.

A.by all means B.by means of C.by means of which D.by means of that 13.Julia didn’t have enough clothes ________ a week.

A.to last B.last C.lasted D.last for 14.He is pleased ________ what you have given him.

A.of B.to C.with D.in 15.Scarcely had he fallen ________ when a knock at the door awakened him.

A.sleeping B.asleep C.sleepy D.sleeper

16.It is strongly recommended that teachers _______ computers in their teaching.

A.will use B.shall use C.use D.used

17.The more careful they are, _________

A.the less mistakes will they make B.the less mistakes they’ll make

C.the fewer mistakes will they make D.the fewer mistakes they’ll make

18.John will get the money from his aunt _______ her death.

A.with the help of B.in the event of C.according to D.in face of

19.We didn’t know what to do _______ the money had gone.

A.once B.whether C.though D.then 20.——Mr. Jiang, long time no see. How are you?

——Fine, thanks. How are you _____ your teaching?

A.getting well with B.getting across C.getting together D.getting on with

21.Some people think __________ more about their rights than about their responsibilities. A.much B.too C.less D.very

22.There are ______ as many houses in this area as there used to be.

A.two B.twice C.second D.secondly 23.Columbus and his crew _______ from Europe in 1492.

A.set out B.put out C.ruled out D.sorted out

24.______the kids have left home, we’re got a lot of extra space.

A.Since that B.Now C.Even if D.Even so

25.We’ve asked the neighbors to _________ the house for us while we are away.

A.have an eye to B.keep an eye on

C.have an eye for D.keep an eye open

26.The hotel is going to be ________ into a nursing home.

A.controlled B.confirmed C.consumed D.converted 27.The young man ________ in this company since he graduated from Madison College five years ago.

A.was working B.has been working C.works D.worked 28.The college offers so many cour ses; the students haven’t decided ______

A.where to choose B.whom to choose C.which to choose D.why to choose

29.He said he’d phone you ______ he got home.

A.for a while B.after a while C.at moment D.the moment 30.With a good ______ of both Chinese and English, Miss Lin was assigned to be the tour guide for the American visitors.

A.command B.interest C.result D.impression

Part II Cloze (1 point each, 15 points in all)

Directions: There are 15 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D, You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage and write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

A college or university’s international student office is a good place ____31__getting to know the school and the country .Let’s ____32__support services for international students in the United States. Our example is the University of Southern California (U.S.C.),____33___has had the most international students in American colleges or universities ___34__ the past seven years. U.S.C. ’s Office of International Services says ____35___student this years is about seven thousand five hundred.

The Office helps _____36___student life at the university. It also organizes programs to help foreign ______37___feel more relaxed in their new surroundings. Most American colleges and universities have a similar _____38____that helps international students. These offices look for ways to get students ____39___in school life and make ____40___friends. Their job is not always easy. International students often want to ____41__thier free time with friends from their own countries. The office at U.S.C. ___42__assists family members who come to the United States with international students. The family members can take English classes and go on trips to places ______43__museums.

India, China, South Korea, Japan and Canada _____44__the most students to the United States during the last school ____45____.Next came Taiwan, Mexico, and Thailand.

31.A.to start B.starts C.to stop D.stops 32.A.talk B.to talk C.talk about D.to talk about

33.A.that B.who C.whose D.which 34.A.as B.for C.to D.at 35.A.the number of B.a number of C.a lot of D.a great deal of

36.A.express B.expressing C.explain D.explaining 37.A.college B.colleges C.student D.students 38.A.branch B.office C.department D.organization 39.A.consisted B.consisting C.involved D.involving 40.A.rich B.poor C.old D.new 41.A.cost B.spend C.take D.save 42.A.also B.yet C.already D.thus 43.A.unlikely B.unlike C.like D.likely 44.A.sent B.took C.brought D.carried 45.A.month B.year C.week D.day

Port III Reading Comprehension (2,5 points each, 50 points in all)

Directions: There are 4 tasks for you to fulfill, You should read the passages below carefully and do the tasks as you are instructed.

Task 1

Directions: After reading the following passage, you will find 5 questions or unfinished statements (No.46 to No.50). For each question or statement there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should make the correct choice and write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Strange things happen to time when you travel, because the earth is divided into twenty-four

time zones, one hour apart. You can have days with more or fewer than twenty-four hours, and weeks with more or fewer than seven days.

If you make a five-day trip across the Atlantic Ocean, your ship enters a different time zone every day, As you enter each zone, the time changes one hour. Traveling west, you set clock back; traveling east, you set it ahead. Each day of your trip has either twenty-five or twenty-three hours.

If you travel by ship across the Pacific, you cross the International Date Line. By agreement, this is the point where a new day begins. When you cross the line, you change your calendar one full day, backward or forward. Traveling east, today becomes yesterday; traveling west, it is tomorrow.

46.Strange things happen to time when you travel because _______

A.no day really has twenty-four hours

B.the earth is divided into time zones

C.time zones are not all the same size

D.no one knows where time zones begin

47.The time difference between two neighboring zones is ________

A.one day B.twenty-five hours

C.one hour D.twenty-three hours

48.According to paragraph 2, it seems true that the Atlantic Ocean______

A.is one time zone

B.is divided into five time zones

C.is divided into twenty-four time zones

D.cannot be crossed in five days

49.If you cross the ocean going east, you set your clock______

A.ahead one hour in each new time zone

B.ahead one hour for the whole trip

C.back one hour in each new time zone

D.back one hour for the whole trip

50.The International Date Line is the name for ______

A.the beginning of any new time zone

B.any point where time changes by one hour

C.the point where a new day starts

D.any time zone in the Pacific Ocean

Task 2

Directions: This task (No.51 to 55) is the same as Task1

Today almost 70% of the electrical power we use comes from power plants that use fossil fuels (矿物燃料) to make electricity. Fossil fuels, such as oil, coal, and natural gas, are burned to make electricity. Burning fossil fuels releases pollution and carbon dioxide gas (CO2) into the air. The more fossil fuels we burn, the warmer the air around Earth gets. So building fossil fuel plans is not always the best answer.

Actually, there are other ways to make electricity without burning fossil fuels. People have been using the power of wind for centuries. Wind power won’t solve all our energy problems, but it can help meet some of the demands in certain places. Since the late 1800s, scientists have been

working to turn the sun’s energy into ele ctricity by using solar cells (太阳能电池). The problem is, solar cells are very expensive. Another way to make electricity is to use nuclear energy. It has been used for more than 50 years. Today about 10 percent of all the electricity used in the U.S.A. comes from this source.

Although nuclear power doesn’t pollute the air as the burning of fossil fuels does, there is a major drawback . The waste products from nuclear power plants are dangerous and must be stored in safe places. Many people are concerned about the safety of nuclear power.

51.The best title for this passage may be ________

A.The Importance of Electricity

B.The Pollution of Making Electricity from Fossil Fuels

C.The Advantage of Using Nuclear Energy

D.Means of Making Electrical Power

52.Which energy has damage to us according to the passage?

A.Wind power B.Fossil fuels

C.Solar power D.Water power

53.We can infer from the passage that _________

A.burning fossil fuels to make electricity is widely used

B.wind power is a widespread way to make electricity

C.energy problems will soon be solved

D.nuclear energy will solve all the energy problems we are facing

54.What does the underlined word ―drawback‖(in Para.3)mean?

A.effect B.advantage C.disadvantage D.concern

55.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?

A.Fossil fuels should be encouraged to use to make electricity

B.Not all the areas could use wind power.

C.Solar energy costs the most

D.Using nuclear energy will not produce negative effect.

Task 3

Directions: This task (No.56 to No.60) is the same as Task 1.

A new study by the Development of Health in Taiwan shows that more than half of the adult population in Taiwan lacks an understanding of health problems.

More than 2,000 adults took part in the survey to find out about their knowledge of diet, health-care, disease control and medicine. Surprisingly, only 51% of the people surveyed understand that common cold has no cure, and taking medicine is absolutely no use at all. The problem is mad worse by doctors who give their patients large doses of useless drugs. More than two-thirds believe that it is only the nicotine in cigarettes rather than the other chemicals that causes cancer. These people believe that if they smoke ―light‖ cigarettes with less nicotine, th ey will lead to more illness, suffering and early death.

But the outlook for health education in Taiwan is not all negative. The survey concludes that younger Taiwanese have a better understanding of health concerns than their parents, while senior citizens have the least understanding among the three age groups.

56.The purpose of the survey is to find out _______

A.why people neglect their health

B.what people know about health

C.when to provide health education

D.who is more likely to become ill

57.Which of the following is TRUE about medicines for cold?

A.They can cure common cold.

B.Doctors often discourage the patients from taking them.

C.About 51% of the patients take them.

D.Some Taiwanese take them unnecessarily.

58.According to the survey, most Taiwanese believe that ____.

A.only nicotine leads to cancer

B.few people will get cancer

C.‖light ‖cigarettes make people healthy

D.other chemicals besides nicotine cause cancer

59.About ______ of Taiwanese adults smoke

A.one-third B.two-thirds

C.a half D.a quarter

60.The survey shows that ________ have the best understanding of health concerns. A.senior citizens B.middle –aged citizens

C.younger Taiwanese D.Taiwanese smokers

Task 4

Directions: The following is a business letter. After reading it , you should answer each of the 5 questions (No.61 to No.65)in no than 3 words. The answers should be written after the corresponding number on the Answer Sheet.

Dear Mr. Robert,

Although we sent you your goods on time, we have waited nearly two months for you to pay the balance of $5000, which is over due. When you ordered the shipment of computers, you requested that we send you the entire order no later than June 1, and we shipped the goods by air freight on May 25.

As you agreed in our original credit arrangement (赊账协议), payment was due in 30 days, on June 30. Yet, as it is already August 26, we still have not received your payment. In fact, we have not received any answer to the notice we sent to remind you that the payment is due.

We regret to say that if we cannot receive your payment by September 15, we will be forced to ask our lawyer to take measures and collect it through legal procedures.

Yours faithfully,

Adam Smith

The Western Company

61.What’s the purpose of the letter?

To urge the buyer to _____________________

62.When was the buyer supposed to pay for the order according to the agreement?

On _________________

63.How did the Western Company deliver the goods?

The goods were delivered by _________________

64.If this letter won’t work, what is t he Western Company going to do?

The company will settle the matter through __________

65.What’s the deadline set by the seller for the buyer to make the payment?

It’s _____________

Par IV Translation (35 points )

(I) Directions: Translate the following sentences from English into Chinese (4 points each for NO.66 through NO.68; 6 points for No.69; 18 points in all )

66.Sound travels four times faster in water than in the air.

67.It was not until you told me about it yesterday that I realized my mistake.

68.China will be the largest market for automobiles if its economy continues to grow.

69.I find it hard to leave the land where I have lived for 30 years and where there are sweet memories of my childhood.

(II) Directions: Translate the following sentences from Chinese into English (4 points each for No.70 through No.72; 5 points for No.73; 17 points in all.)

70.我反复尝试,终于得到了一份工作。

71.没过多久,房子外面就聚集了很多人。

72.这家工厂里的所有机器都是中国制造的。

73.我不满意那家旅馆的服务,因此要向旅馆经理投诉。

Part V Writing (20 points)

Directions: Write on ONE of the following two topics. You are supposed to follow the instructions given below.

1.按照适当的格式,就下述内容写一封英文电子邮件。

假设你是英语系秘书李冬,请你给Jackson 教授发一封电子邮件,邀请他为英语系学生作一次关于英语学习的讲座。

(1)发件人:lidong@http://m.wendangku.net/doc/0a817c33eefdc8d376ee32af.html

(2)收件人:jackson@http://m.wendangku.net/doc/0a817c33eefdc8d376ee32af.html

(3)主题:邀请

(4)邮件内容必须包括:

发出邀请

讲座目的:提高学生英语写作能力

讲座时间:4月12日星期日下午2:00

讲座地点:英语系会议室

请求答复

注意:E-mail 的内容要按段落书写,不得逐条罗列。

2.写一篇题为―Should Private Cars Be Encouraged in China?‖的作文,要求分三段,100个单词左右,内容包括:

(1)有人认为应鼓励中国私家车的发展;

(2)有人认为私家车的普及造成了许多问题;

(3)说明你的观点。

2009年安徽省普通高等学校专升本招生考试试题参考答案

参考答案

I. Vocabulary and Structure

1.【翻译】你说话声音大些好吗,这样人们就能够听到了。

[考点] 非谓语动词

【解析】 D 动词make后要用不带to的动词不定式。

2.【翻译】没有政府的帮助,汽车工业是无法生存的。

[考点] 词语搭配

【解析】 A not...without是固定的短语结构,意思是:没有……就不。

3.【翻译】我费了很大的劲劝说她和我一块出去喝一杯。

[考点] 词语搭配

【解析】 D have difficulty doing something为较为固定的搭配,意思是“很难做某事”。

4.【翻译】我们的新英语教师Mr. Black很严格却善良。

[考点] 句法结构

【解析】B句中两个形容词strict /kind是转折关系(but),而不是选择(or)或附加( with /as well)关系。

5.【翻译】阅读China Today是提高英语的一个很好的方式。

[考点] 非谓语动词

【解析】 C句子的主语应该是动名词的一般时,而不用动名词的完成时。

6.【翻译】如果我是你,我就不会失去明天上午的机会。

[考点] 谓语动词

【解析】 D 本题考核虚拟语气的用法。在与目前及未来事实不相符的假设中,主句用过去将来时,从句用一般过去时。

7.【翻译】愿意参加会议者须填表。

[考点] 词语搭配

【解析】A 动词短语词义辨析题:fill in意为“填写(表格等)”;fill up意为“装满”;fill with意为“使……充满”;fill of无此搭配。

8.【翻译】面试后,要求求职者体检。

[考点] 非谓语动词

【解析】 B 本题考核动名词被动语态的用法。主语是interview动作的承受者,所以

要用被动形式。

9.【翻译】与我们的小公寓相比,Bill的房子看来像个宫殿。

[考点] 词语搭配

【解析】 C Compare with是固定动搭配,意思是“与……相比”。

10.【翻译】——每个努力学习的学生都希望上个大学。——我们也一样。

[考点] 句法结构

【解析】 D 根据第二句的回应,空格处应填一般现在时的动词形式。第一个句子的主

语each为单数概念,所以正确选项为D。

11.【翻译】他讲的如此清晰以至于初学者大多能听懂他的话。

[考点] 常用句型

【解析】 B 在表达“如此……以至于”时,有两种主要句型,一类是“such…that/ such a...that”,另一类是“so...that”。前者such/such a后接名词,后者so后接形容

词或副词。

12.【翻译】语言是人们相互交流的工具。

[考点] 句法结构

【解析】 C根据前后主从复合句的关系,从句应为定语从句,而本句为非限定性定语

从句,故其关系词用which而不用that。

13.【翻译】 Julia没有足够的衣服维持一星期。

[考点] 非谓语动词

【解析】 A 本题空格处应填人一个动词不定式作为名词的后置定语。

14.【翻译】他对你给他的东西很满意。

[考点] 词语搭配

【解析】 C Be pleased with是个固定的搭配,意思是“对……满意,为……高兴”,

其他选项形不成搭配。

15.【翻译】他刚刚睡着就被敲门声弄醒。

[考点] 词语搭配

【解析】 B fall asleep是固定搭配,意思是“睡着”,其他选项形不成搭配。

16.【翻译】强烈建议教师教学中使用电脑。

[考点] 句法结构

【解析】 C 本题考核虚拟语气的用法。主从复合句中,当主句的谓语是recommend,suggest,propose,order,demand等词时,从句的谓语要用虚拟语气来表达。

17.【翻译】他们越是细心,犯的错误就越少。

[考点] 词语搭配

【解析】 D little修饰不可数名词,few修饰可数名词复数。

18.【翻译】倘若姨妈去世,约翰就会得到那笔钱。

[考点] 词义辨析

【解析】 B With the help of意为“在……的帮助下”;in the event of意为“倘若,万一”;according to意为“按照”;in the face of意为“面对”。

19.【翻译】一旦钱没了我们不知道该怎么办。

[考点] 句子结构

【解析】 A 这是一个带有状语从句的主从复合句,要去填上适当的连词,只有选项A

20.【翻译】——江先生,好久不见。你好吗?——很好,谢谢。你教学怎么样?

[考点] 词语搭配

【解析】 D 这是日常问候的句子。get well意为“恢复健康”;get across意为“渡过”;get together意为“聚会”;get on意为“进行”。

21.【翻译】有些人过多考虑自己的权利过少考虑本人的责任。

[考点] 词语用法

【解析】 A 在形容词的比较级前用much修饰,表示程度意为“……得多”。

22.【翻译】本地区的房子比过去多两倍。

[考点] 词语用法

【解析】 B 在倍数的表达中,两倍用twice或two times,三倍以上用基数词加times。23.【翻译】哥伦布和他的船员与1492年从欧洲出发。

[考点] 词义辨析

【解析】 A set out意为“出发”;put out意为“努力,熄灭”;rule out意为“消除”;sort out意为“整理,分类”。

24.【翻译】既然孩子们离开了家,我们的空间就大了。

[考点] 句子结构

【解析】 B 这是一个带有状语从句的主从复合句,要填上适当的连词。since表示“既然”,无直接因果,是双方都明白的因果关系;now that表示“既然这样,那么……”

有因果关系;选项C和D不合题意。

25.【翻译】我们不在时请邻居照看房子。

[考点] 词语搭配

【解析】 B 本题考核固定搭配keep an eye on(留意,照看),其他选项均无此意思。26.【翻译】这个旅馆将被改成养老院。

[考点】词义辨析

【解析】 D 本题考核动词的意义。control意为“控制”;confirm意为“证实,确认”;consume意为“消费,消耗”;convert意为“变换,转变”。

27.【翻译】这个年轻人五年前从Madison College毕业后一直在这个公司工作。

[考点] 谓语动词

【解析】 B本题考核动词的时态问题。现在完成进行时表示现在以前一段时间里一直

在进行的动作,这动作可能仍在进行,也可能已停止。根据题意可知,本题用现在完成进行

时态。

28.【翻译】这个大学开设这么多的课程,学生们还没有决定选修哪门课。

[考点] 词义辨析

【解析】 C 在选项的四个疑问代词中,只有which指代物。前半句讲的是课程,所以,C为正确选项。

29.【翻译】他说他一到家就给你打电话。

[考点] 词义辨析

【解析】 D for a while意为“暂时”;after a while意为“过了一会”;at moment

无此搭配;the moment相当于一个连词,意为“一……就”。

30.【翻译】由于掌握中英文,林小姐被指定为美国游客的导游。

[考点] 词义辨析

【解析】 A command意为“掌握”;interest意为“兴趣”;result意为“结果”; impression,意为“印象”。

31.[考点] 语法结构

【解析】 A本句的意思是:大学的留学生办公室是了解学校和所在国家的最好的地方。此处用start的动词不定式形式。

32.[考点] 语法结构

【解析】 C 本句的意思是:我们就谈谈美国的留学生服务处吧。此处用talk的动词不定式形式,talk的意思是“说话,讲话”;talk about的意思为“谈论”。

33.[考点] 语法结构

【解析】 D 本句的意思是:南加利福尼亚大学是美国留学生最多的大学。本句为非限定性定语从句,故其连接词为which。

34.[考点] 语法结构

【解析】 B 本句为现在完成时。在现在完成时的句子中,“for+表示具体的时间”表示某个时间段。

35.[考点] 词语搭配

【解析】 A 本句的意思是:留学生服务处说,今年留学生的人数大约为7500人。本句的谓语是单数第三人称,故其主语也应该为单数概念,选项中a number of, a lot of和a great deal of后接名词复数,均为复数概念只有选项the number of 才是单数的概念。36.[考点] 语法结构

【解析】 D 本句的意思是:留学生办公室帮助解释学生的大学生活。本题考核非谓语动词的应用。在动词的搭配币,help后接动名词。

37.[考点] 推理理解

【解析】 D 本句的意思是:留学生办公室主办帮助留学生放松和适应新环境的活动。根据前文可知,本文讲述的是留学生( foreign student。)在美国大学的情况。

38.[考点] 推理理解

【解析】 B 本句的意思是:美国多数大学设有类似的办公室帮助留学生。根据前文可知,南加利福尼亚大学设留学生管理办公室,由此可知,其他大学也有类似的办公室。

39.[考点] 词语搭配

【解析】 C 本句的意思是:留学生办公室设法使学生参与学校生活。get someone involved in意为“使某人参与到……之中”。

40.[考点] 推理理解

【解析】 D 留学生办公室设法使学生参与活动,使他们适应新的环境,因而,结交新朋友是适应环境的方法之一。

41.[考点] 词语搭配

【解析】 B 本句的意思是:留学生通常想花费时间与来自本国的学生交往。本句的主语是international students,其位于只能用spend。

42.[考点] 推理理解

【解析】 A 本句的意思是:留学生办公室也帮助和留学生一起来的家人。留学生办公室的主要职责是帮助留学生解决问题,帮助留学生的家人只是其附带的工作。

43.[考点] 词义辨析

【解析】 C 本句的意思是:留学生的家人可以上英语课,也可以外出游览,如去博物馆。Unlikely形容词,意为“不可能”;unlike形容词,意为“不同”;like介词,意为“例如”;likely形容词,意为“可能的”。

44.[考点] 词义辨析

【解析】 A 本句的意思是:印度,中国,韩国,日本和加拿大是上学年派往美国学生

最多的国家。send意为“派遣”;take意为“带来”.bring意为“带来”;carry意为“搬运”。

45.[考点] 推理理解

【解析】 B 根据题意和文章的内容,学校招收学生的情况应按照学年进行的,故本题

答案为school year。

Ⅲ. Reading Comprehension

46.【解析】 B 本题是事实细节题。根据第一段第一句话可知,地球上分为24个时区, 每小时一个时区,这就是人们跨越时区的时差现象。

47.【解析】 C 本题是事实细节题。同样根据第一段第一句,地球上分为24个时区,每

小时一个时区。

48.【解析】 B 本题是推理判断题。第二段第一句“If you make a five-day trip across the Atlantic Ocean, your ship enters a different time zone every day”表明,若用

五天横穿大西洋,每天就会进入一个时区。由此推断:大西洋分为五个时区。

49.【解析】 A 本题是事实细节题。根据第二段第三句,如果在大西洋向西行驶一个时区,

你的钟表要向后拨一小时,向东行驶一个时区,钟表要向前拨一个时区。

50.【解析】 C 本题是事实细节题。第三段涉及国际日期变更线,由第三段第二句话“By agreement, this is the point where a new day begins.”(这条线是地球上新的一天的

开始。)可知,C为正确答案。

51.【解析】 D 本题是主旨大意题。本文介绍了发电的方法及种类:矿物燃料发电,风能

发电,太阳能发电及核能发电。因此,文章的标题应该是:Means of Making Electrical Power(发电的方法)。

52.【解析】 B 本题是事实细节题。本文介绍了发电方法的同时,也指出了矿物燃料发电

时出现的问题,即,“Burning fossil fuels releases pollution and carbon dioxide gas ( C02) into the air. The more fossil fuels we burn, the warmer the air around Earth gets.”(第一段最后两句)。

53.【解析】 A 本题是推理判断题。文章第一句:Today almost 70% of the electrical power we use comes from power plants that use fossil fuels to make electricity.

可以推理,人们广泛应用矿物燃料发电。

54.【解析】 C本题是词语理解题。第三段第二、三句的主要谈的是核电厂的核废料及其

危险,人们担心核电厂的安全。由此可以得知,drawback应该指的是核电厂的不利之处。55.【解析】 C本题是事实细节题。第二段涉及太阳能发电方法时指出:The problem is,solar cells are very expensive。由此可知太阳能发电成本高。

56.【解析】 B本题是事实细节题。通过第一段和第二段第一句,作者透露出本次调查的

目的是试图找出人们对身体健康问题了解的程度。

57.【解析】 D本题是推理判断题。第二段第二句“Surprisingly,only 51% of the people surveyed understand that common cold has no cure, and taking medicine is absolutely

no use at all.”表明:仅有51%知道一般感冒是药物无法治疗的,由此推断,还有一部分

人相信一般感冒可以用药物治疗。因此,这部分人吃并不必要吃的药物。

58.【解析】 A 本题是事实细节题。第二段倒数第三句“More than two-thirds believe that it is only the nicotine in cigarettes rather than the other chemicals that causes cancer.”可找到答案。

59.【解析】 A本题是事实细节题。第二段最后一句可知,台湾有将近三分之一的人抽烟。

60.【解析】 C 本题是事实细节题。由第三段第二句“younger Taiwanese have a better understanding of health concerns than their parents, while senior citizens have the

least understanding among the three age groups”可知,台湾的年轻人对健康问题最了解。

61.【解析】 pay the balance由第一段第一句可知,写此信的目的是催促买家付账,即

原文中提到的“pay the balance”。

62.【解析】 June 30由第二段第一句可知,根据协议买家应在6月30日付款。因此应填“June 30”。

63.【解析】 air freight 由第一段最后“we shipped the goods by air freight on May 2”可知,此题答案应为“air freight”。

64.【解析】 legal procedures由第三段可知,如果此信不起作用,该公司将采取法律措

施来解决此问题。因此应填“legal procedures”。

65.【解析】 September 15 由第三段“…if we cannot receive your payment by september 15…”,可知,卖家给买家定的最后付款期限为9月15日。因此应填“September 15”。Ⅳ.Translation

66.【翻译】声音在水中传播比在空中传播快四倍。

【解析】本题考查倍数的译法。“four times faster...than...”应译为“比……快

四倍”。

67.【翻译】直到你昨天告诉我,我才认识到我的错误。

【解析】本题考查强调句型It was... that的译法。翻译时,要译出强调的成分。“not until"应译为“直到……才……”。

68.【翻译】如果其经济持续增长,中国将成为最大的汽车市场。

【解析】本题考查条件状语从句的译法。“market for automobiles”应译为“汽车市场”。

69.【翻译】我发现很难离开生活了30年,且具有美好童年回忆的故土。

【解析】本题考查并列定语从句的译法。翻译时可将两个并列定语从句都译为先行

词的前置定语,如所给答案那样。也可将其做分译处理,译为“我发现很难离开生活了30

年的故土,那里有我童年的美好回忆。”

70.【翻译】 I tried again and again, and finally I got a job.

【解析】“反复尝试”可译为“try again and again”。“终于”可译为“finally”。71.【翻译】 Not long after, many people got together outside the house.

【解析】“没过多久”可译为“not long after”。“聚集”可译为“get together”。72.【翻译】 All the machines in the factory are made in China.

【解析】“所有机器”可译为“all the machines”。“中国制造”可译为“be made in China”。

73.【翻译】 I am not satisfied with the service of the hotel, so I made complaints

to the hotel manager.

【解析】本题是一个状语从句。“不满意”可译为“be not satisfied with”。“向……

投诉”可译为“make complaints to sb.”。

V.Writing

【参考范文】

1.

Sender: lidong@ http://m.wendangku.net/doc/0a817c33eefdc8d376ee32af.html

Receiver: jackson@ http://m.wendangku.net/doc/0a817c33eefdc8d376ee32af.html

Topic : Invitation

Dear Professor Jackson,

We sincerely invite you to give a lecture to the students of the English. Department on how to improve English writing skills at the English department meeting room at 2 p. m., on April 12, Sunday. We are looking forward to your early reply.

Yours faithfully, Li Dong

Secretary of English Department

2. Should Private Cars Be Encouraged in China?

Some people argue that private cars should be encouraged in China. They believe the private cars can offer comfortable and convenient means of transportation. And the owners will have much time available to perform other businesses. In addition, private cars will bring about a rapid development of automobile industry. In the meanwhile, the growth of automobile industry can trigger the boom of other important industries, such as energy and technological application.

On the other hand, some people hold an opposite view on private cars. They say that more private cars will give rise to a series of social problems. First, more private cars will bring more serious environment pollution, and the waste gas will inevitably do harm to people's health. Second, too many cars will make the traffic jams and accidents anywhere, anytime, which will possibly be a threat to people's lives. Third, too many cars will unavoidably speed the energy consumption.

In my opinion, private cars should be discouraged in our country. In order to leave clean air, wide and safe roads and abundant energy resources to our descendants, we have to say " No" to private cars. As far as the great demand for means of transport is concerned, we can develop mass transit to take the place of private cars.

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