新视野3第三版翻译及答案

目录

Reading Passage Translation (1)

Understanding The Text (8)

BankedCloze (12)

视听说 (13)

Skimming and Scanning (Multiple Choice) (14)

Reading Comprehension (Multiple Choice) (24)

_______________________________________________________________________________ U1A文翻译P3、U1BankedCloze P12

U2A文翻译P33、U2UnderstandingTheText P39、

U3A文翻译P63、U3UnderstandingTheText P70、U3BankedCloze P73

U4A文翻译P93、U4UnderstandingTheText P99、

U5A文翻译P123、U5UnderstandingTheTextP129、U5BankedClozeP132

U6A文翻译P151、U6UnderstandingTheTextP157、U6BankedClozeP160

_______________________________________________________________________________ Reading Passage Translation

Unit1TextA P3

永不言弃

1. 英国的伟大首相温斯顿·丘吉尔爵士,小时候在哈罗公学上学。当时他可不是个好学生,要不是出身名门,他可能早就因为违反纪律被开除了。谢天谢地,他总算从哈罗毕业了。在那里犯下的错误并没影响到他上大学。后来,他凭着军旅生涯中的杰出表现当选英国首相。他的才思、智慧、公民责任感以及在二战痛苦而黑暗的时期拒绝投降的无畏勇气,为他赢得了美名。他非凡的决心,不仅激励了整个民族,还鼓舞了全世界。

2. 在他首相任期即将结束时,他应邀前往母校哈罗公学,为满怀报国之志的同学们作演讲。校长说:“年轻的先生们,当代最伟大的演说家过几天就会来为你们演讲,他提出的任何中肯的建议,你们都要听从。”那个激动人心的日子终于到了。温斯顿爵士站了起来——他只有5英尺5英寸高,体重却有107公斤。他作了言简意赅的讲话:“年轻人,要永不放弃。永不放弃!永不放弃!永不,永不,永不,永不!”

3. 个人经历、教育机会、个人困境,这些都不能阻挡一个全力以赴追求成功的、有着坚强意志的人。任务再苦,准备再长,难度再大,都不能让他放弃自己的追求。就以本时代最有学问的两位科学家——阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦和托马斯·爱迪生为例,他们都曾面临巨大的障碍和极端的批评。都曾被说成“不开窍”,被老师当成笨蛋而放弃。托马斯·爱迪生还曾逃学,因为老师嫌他问的问题太多而经常鞭打他。爱因斯坦一直到将近9岁才能流利地说话,学习成绩太差,有些人认为他都已经学不好了。然而,这两个男孩的父母都相信他们。他们坚持不懈地每天和儿子一起努力,孩子们也了解到,要想成功,就绝不要怕付出长期而艰辛的努力。最终,爱因斯坦和爱迪生都摆脱了童年的困扰,进而作出了当今世界的伟大发现。

4. 再如亚伯拉罕·林肯这个英雄的典范,他一生面临了无数艰辛、失败和接二连三的不幸。

他的出身和经历真是一点也算不上光鲜。他在一个非常贫困的家庭长大,只受过一年正规教育。经商两度失败,初恋爱人的突然离世也使他精神崩溃,还在八次政治选举中落马。此后,他的四个孩子有三个不幸去世,令他悲痛欲绝。然而,坚强的意志鞭策着他,推动他前进,使他更加乐观、投入、坚毅。这让他得以全力以赴,一次次战胜生命中巨大困难和挫折。一百年之后,世界各地的人们都赞颂伯拉罕·林肯,认为他是有史以来最伟大的美国总统。5. 与丘吉尔和林肯一样,只有那些“执着地追求成功”的人,那些保持始终如一的精神意志的人,才会通过自身的努力,获得成功。许多艺术家、政治家、作家和发明家都有着同样的经历。他们之所以能取得这样的成就,是因为他们拥有强烈的意愿。不懈地准备、奋斗,并保持对成功的激情。他们取得了成功,并不是因为成功很容易,而是因为他们拥有克服重重障碍的意志,为了追求目标而勤奋努力。

6. 桑德拉·戴·奥康纳成长于既没自来水也没电的养牛场,她努力学习以使自己接受到最好的教育。他的学习成绩在班上始终名列前茅,一路奋斗终于进入了斯坦福大学法学院,并以优异的成绩从法学院毕业。尽管奥康纳勤奋刻苦,但在20世纪50年代,她仍然受到女人身份的制约。即使斯坦福大学的学位有良好的声誉,她仍被整个法律界拒之门外,因为事务所宁愿聘请才敢稍逊的男性,也不愿冒险破例雇佣一位女律师。然而,桑德拉·戴·奥康纳并未放弃梦想。她执着地坚持下去,终于得到提名并被任命为美国第一位女性最高法院大法官。她任职期间,对很多问题,例如堕胎和妇女权利,都起到了极为关键的作用。

7. 很多人只是嘴上说他们想要什么东西,但并不真正地付出大量努力去实现,很多人因为害怕失败而不敢全心尝试。而成功的秘诀在于内心燃烧的欲望——一种坚定不移的意志和专注力——从而激发行动的决心,即使疲惫,即使失败,也会继续准备,继续前进。正如一句箴言所说:“你摔倒了多少次并不要紧;你能多少次重新站起来对成功才至关重要!”

8. 专注于汲取更多知识,争取持之以恒地渐进,保持永不言退的坚强意志——即使在你疲惫想要松懈的时候,或者困难重重之时。“执着地追求成功!”“有志者,事竟成!”只要刻苦努力,意志坚决,专心投入,准备充分,你就能跨越一切障碍,完成所有壮举,取得成功!

U2TextA P33

优越恐惧

1. 当时我和朋友正在法国旅行。我们把汽车停在海滩,眼前就是地中海。巨浪翻滚击打着构筑起防波堤的偌大岩石。人们所这里的海滩以其可怕的裂流而著称。恐惧让我不寒而栗,没有什么比水让我更害怕了。

2. 只是看到了海就已经让我觉得反胃。

3. 我曾经一直都是喜欢水的,并且直到去年夏天我都还是一名游泳好手。那时,我决定爬上游泳池边上最高的跳板跳水。我从那么高的地方跳下,重重地撞击到水面上。我肺里的空气一下子全被挤出去了,马上不省人事。醒来时发现哥哥正在把我虚弱的身体从游泳池里拖出来。从那时起,我对水的恐惧就没有消退过,我怕?了水。

4. “贾森,你要过来吗?”我的朋友马特朝我喊道。

5. 我说:“好,就是欣赏一下景色”,又在心里默默?了一句——在岸上欣赏,担心如果他们知道我害怕水?可怜我。

6. 突然,我听到有人用法语喊叫,接着看见一群人没?衣服,就冲到海里。我心想,这真是太奇怪了。

7. 我瞥见防波堤尽头的海滩中有个东西在上下浮动。我惊恐地意识到大事不妙,倒吸了一口凉气。那居然是个小男孩!前去救落水男童的人们搏击着海浪,但情况却不乐观。由于水的拖拽,他们根本不可能及时到达小男孩身边。

8. 我?头看着那小男孩,他的头刚露出水面,然后一个浪头打过来,好一阵不见踪影——我不得不做点什么了。

9. 我估计了当下的情形后注意到了——对,那防波堤!小男孩靠近那个地方,也许我可以从那儿帮忙。我冲下海滩,跑上防波堤,但突然我想起了什么——水!顿时有了恐惧的症状:我手心冒汗,胃里感觉不适。我一下子停下来。

10. 水里的那些人低估了海浪的威力,救援工作没有任何进展。只有我注意到了跑到防波堤上是到达溺水男童的最快的路径。然而在此性命攸关之际,我极度恐惧,我努力去回想十几岁时所接受的救生员训练。

11. 我因恐惧而全身瘫痪,但我强迫自己向前移动,展开这场突发的救援行动。我不想做这些,在我施救之前肯定会有别人救他吧。

12. 我在防波堤的边上迅速转过身来,深信会看见某个游泳健将正向着小男孩劈波斩浪。但是让我沮丧的是,一个人也没有。我回身面向大海,看见25码开外恶浪击打着小男孩。我深吸一口气,纵身跃入水中,一跳进水里,我感觉仿佛又回到了当年的那个游泳池,我咽不过气,拼命挣扎,惊恐万分。咸水?痛了我的双眼,“集中注意力。”我在心里喊道,“他在哪里?”

13. 然后我清楚地看到一只细小的手臂在离我几码外微弱地挥动着。我拼尽全力游过去,在他刚要没水之时赶到了。我抓住他的手臂拉他。他冒出水面,眼睛因恐惧瞪得很大,胡乱抓扯着我。我用法语命令他:“别慌!”他这样挣扎会阻碍救援,那我们俩就都死定了。我再次命令他:“别慌!”谢天谢地,这次他听话了,不动了。

14. 当我转身朝岸边游去的时候,一个浪劈头盖脸打来。我们离防波堤更远了!是裂流!它强行把我们拽往大海深处。我挣扎着想带他游回岸上,但进展甚微。我知道这种游法根本没法护着他返回岸边。

15. 强烈求生欲望之下,我想起了在救生课上所学到的知识:永远不要与裂流相对而游!要顺其方向朝侧边游,慢慢地靠向岸边。这个办法尽管看上去很荒谬,但却管用。朝侧边游,浮起休息。朝侧边游,浮起休息。我们重复着这个办法,慢慢地游到了安全区。“贾森,你能行的!”我听到站在防波堤上的马特对着我说。我甚至没有注意到我们离防波堤这么近了,之剩下大约7英尺的距离了。

16. 后来我们到达安全水域时,我觉得有些不可思议:我不再怕水了。恐惧没了,这一刻我胜利了!

17. 马特跳进水里。我把男孩抛给他。我刚一松手,一个大浪托起他直接把他送到了马特身边。

18. 我全身都快虚脱了,我不再划水,就这样放松自己顺水而漂。我的手碰上了防波堤,仿佛触电一般,我重新恢复了神志。有人抓住了我。

19. 我感觉到强壮有力的手臂将我托起。我不仅从海里爬上防波堤的磐石,而且完成了自我拯救,摆脱了困扰已久的恐惧。我扭过头看见小男孩被母亲紧紧拥入怀中。虽已疲惫不堪,但放眼大海,我感觉海水比任何时候看起来都更美。

U3TextA P63

奥黛丽·赫本——人间天使

1. 奥黛丽·赫本在《凡蒂尼的早餐》《龙凤配》《罗马假日》《窈窕淑女》《战争与和平》和《直到永远》等出色电影中主演的许多角色让观众为之陶醉。

2. 尽管在电影界获得成功,但她最??塑造的角色却并不在影片中,而是做两个儿子的模范母亲和联合国儿童基金会慈善大使,为饱受战争蹂躏的人们服务。

3. 作为一名在纳粹占领下的祖国荷兰生活的小女孩,奥黛丽·赫本清楚战争所带来的野蛮、死亡和破坏,由于受到侵略,家庭破产,奥黛丽经常食不果腹,营养不良,她的父亲抛弃了家庭,两个舅舅也被俘,并且惨遭杀害。奥黛丽被纳粹分子从大街上抓走,于准备被押往劳役营的人放在一起,趁卫兵不注意,她飞快地跑开,惊险逃脱了,蜷缩着躲在一个满是耗子,又冷又脏的地下室里。

4. 这个日后将成为世界上最具魅力女星的小女孩刚开始只是一个无名难民,直面生命中的恐惧和脆弱,不过她并没有让自己的精神受到幼年生活中残酷现实的影响。相反,她克服了种种挑战,而又从没忘记那种受苦??、孤立无助的感受。

5. 战后,奥黛丽和母亲离开荷兰。到达伦敦,成立贫穷的移民。奥黛丽梦想成为一名一流的舞蹈家,这驱使她去了一所著名的芭蕾舞学校,接受严苛的训练??。后来,她被一位制片人发现,并最终得到机会,在好莱坞顶级男演员格列高利·派克主演的电影《罗马假日》中饰演一角。

6. 很快,奥黛丽就从营养不良的移民变成了国际知名的影星。导演比利·怀尔德称赞地说:“奥黛丽行姿优美,言谈优雅。”尽管她数度获得奥斯卡金像奖和其他演艺荣誉,奥黛丽觉得自己最重要的工作还是为那些需要帮助的人开展人道主义服务,以及当好两个儿子的母亲。她经历了两次离婚,并忍受着战争记忆带给她的悲伤,然而,奥黛丽从不让这些悲伤支配自己,或者影响自己对美好未来的向往。最后,奥黛丽遇到了她的灵魂伴侣,罗伯特·奥尔德斯,并和他一起度过呢人生最后12年。

7. 成名从没改变奥黛丽慷慨大方、慈悲为怀的性格。她怀有一种强烈的责任感,要减轻生活困难的人——特别是儿童——的痛苦。朋友们说,奥黛丽一点都不自我,并且接受和欣赏别人的一切。

8. 尽管她十分富有,但奥黛丽只有一套住房。在瑞士,对奥黛丽而言,它是一个天堂。在那里她可以和心爱的家人一起避开尘世,在花园劳作,在大自然里悠然散步。

9. 1988年,奥黛丽被任命为联合国儿童基金会慈善大使,这个基金会专门为受到战争或其他大灾难伤害的儿童提供紧急食品援助和卫生保健。亲善大使这个角色让她毕生帮助有困难的人的热情化为了神圣的使命。

10. 别人出三百万美金请她写自传,她拒绝了。但她却接受了每年一美元的联合国儿童基金会大使这个更需责任心的角色。在生命的最后五年里,每年她和罗比都有七个月离开他们温馨居所的静谧和美丽。启程外出到地球上最困难的一些地方去。从孟加拉国、苏丹、印度、越南、肯尼亚、埃塞俄比亚、中南美澳到索马里,奥黛丽·赫本代表联合国儿童基金会四处奔走,承担了五十多项劳心劳力、危及生命安全的任务,深入到荒凉之地,唤起世界人民对战争和旱灾的关注。因为自己曾经也是战争受害者,她理解得到食品和衣物的援助,尤其是获得希望,是多大的幸福。

11. 奥黛丽觉得,太多的儿童被剥夺了简单的快乐而陷入无边的痛苦之中,这是一种罪恶。她坚信一个理念:所有人都有责任区关心那些需要帮助的人。奥黛丽·赫本始终都身为表率。她说:“当你放弃童年,你就放弃了生命。”她将联合国儿童基金会的工作看作人们生活中不可分割、神圣的力量。谈到其成果时她说:“任何不相信奇迹的人都不是一个现实主义者。”

12. 1992年,奥黛丽患了癌症。她和罗比、两个儿子回到他们在瑞士的家,一起度过呢最后一个圣诞节。

13. 奥黛丽的老朋友、世界著名的法国时装设计师雨贝尔·德·纪梵希在她去世前,最后一次和他的挚友说话。他说她“……最后是安详的,因为她知道她已经完美地实现了一切”。

14. 奥黛丽·赫本对?务的热情是持久的。即使在她63岁生命终止的时候,她仍然充满着关爱,永远象征着淳朴、仁爱、魅力和善良。

15. 奥黛丽的社会责任感和奉献的伟大精神在她的话语中得以传扬:“记住,如果你在任何

时候需要一只手来帮助你,你可以在自己手臂的末端找到它。随着你的成长,记住你还有一只手,一只用来帮助自己,另一只用来帮助别人。”“要想有美丽双眸,就要善于发现别人优点;要想双唇动人,?说和善之?;要想镇定自信,谨记自己始终与大家同行。”

U4Text P93

令人惊奇的旅行目的

1. 早晨四点一刻,闹钟把我从美梦中惊醒,要不是突然看见早已收拾好的行李箱,我几乎又要睡着。想起来还要去机场,我叹了口气。出租车来晚了,并且在途中迷了路,我越来越担心赶不上飞机。出租车一到机场我就冲进去,跌跌撞撞通过安检处。终于,我来到了登机口,经历这一早所有的麻烦事,我乘坐的航班被取消了。在接下来的218分钟里,我被困在了机场,唯一觉得安慰的事机场提供的一杯免费咖啡。这就是旅行。让人心烦的跑跑停停。最终,在不知经过多少小时之后,终于到达要去的地方。

2. 我们为什么要旅行?其实,我并不介意飞行本身,在这样一个密实的金属大鸟中飞行,让我感到很奇妙,然而,旅程其余部分,从一大早??检查到出售大堆纪念品的糟糕机场商城,感觉就像是关于现代社会弊病的乏味课程。这是全球化的结果,他糟糕透了。

3. 当然,有时候我们旅行是因为我们需要去旅行,因为即使在这个数字化时代,我们仍然有一些很重要的事情要去做。比如在商务午餐中与生意伙伴握手,或是在感恩节这天吃上妈妈特别准备的食物,或是在你和你女朋友的两周年纪念日这天去看她。

4. 但是大多数旅行是可去可不去的,在超过50英里的旅行中,只有30%属于真正必须的商务旅行。我们旅行是因为我们想要去旅行,因为到一个新地方的兴奋和激动可以抵消在机场的各种烦心事;因为工作压力太大,我们的血压太高,我们要去热带地区度假;因为在家实在太无聊;因为航班都在打折;因为巴黎毕竟是巴黎。

5. 多亏了现代航空技术,我们现在可以以非凡的速度在空中穿梭。在人类历史中,这是我们第一次超过太阳——在短短一天中从一个半球到达另一个半球。当然,仅仅往飞机上一坐是不够的,我们要想认识到旅行在提高创新力方面的价值,还得再全面考虑其目的。毕竟,大多数人逃到巴黎,是因为这样她们就可以不必考虑家里的那些烦心事。但是,具有讽刺意味的是,当我们坐在豪华的左岸咖啡馆时,我们的脑子最有可能能解决那些棘手的问题。因此,我们应该考虑那些在家里解决不了的问题,而不是琢磨那些奶油甜点。

6. 但更应该知道的是我们的思想被熟悉的东西所充满,大脑是一个几乎具有无畏可能性的空间,这就意味着它花了大量的时间和精力选择不去注意什么。因此,我们牺牲创造力来换取效率。我们以字文明确的散文方式思考,而非以具有象征意义的诗歌方式思考。然而,一点的距离就可以帮助我们放松禁锢我们认知的链条,使新旧思想的就和更容易,对平淡无奇的事情可从更抽象的角度加以认知。有研究指出,体验异国文化可以赋予我们宝贵的开放性思维,使我们更容易明白即使是微不足道的事物也可以有多种意义。想一想把食物剩在盘子里这个行为:在中国,着通常被看成是一种赞美,说明主人提供了足够的食物。但是在美国,同样的行为却暗含侮辱,表面食物不够好,人们不愿意吃完。

7. 这种多元文化对比说明,经验丰富的旅行者会接受对事物的多样性解读,他们欣然认识到对这个世界可以有截然不同(但却同样有效)的方式进行解释。这也从而让他们扩大了“认知输入”的范围,因为他们拒绝仅仅满足于他们的最初答案和先前的猜测。

8. 当然,这种思维的灵活性不仅仅来自纯粹的距离变化,即简单的经纬度的变化。相反,这种创造力的复兴似乎是差异所带来的副产品:我们需要处于不同的文化中,体验人类传统中纷繁复杂的多样性。在国外旅行中让人迷惑的同一个方面的问题(如我该给服务生消费吗?火车要把我带到哪里?),产生了一种持久的影响,使我们更加具有创造性,因为我们不再

那么视野狭隘了。我们了解了我们不知道的东西,而这些东西几乎涵盖了一切;我们对接连不断的惊喜感到惊奇。即使在这个全球化的时代,我们仍然会对所有未包括在《旅行指南》中的、平常的东西感到惊奇,而这些东西在自己家中也不存在。

9. 当然,我们也并不是假装旅行没有缺点,或是说我们忍受飞行时差综合反应只是为了消遣。在卢浮宫我们迷路十几个小时,那不是因为我们喜欢迷路。我们站在马丘比丘古城遗址顶端俯瞰的风景可能也并不能?补我们丢失行李的麻烦。(通常,我在假期结束后还需要一个休假。)我们旅行是因为我们需要旅行,因为距离与差异是创造力的秘密基石。我们回家后,家还是那个家,但是我们的思维已经有所改变,而这就可以改变一切。

U5TextA P123

你想做工作者还是劳役这?

1. 一个人要想真正快乐,必须觉得自己既自由又重要,如果觉得自己是受社会?迫而做自己不喜欢的工作,或者自己喜欢德工作被认为没价值或不重要而遭社会忽视,那他绝不会快乐。在一个奴隶制度严格说来已经被废除的社会里,工作的社会含义、工作的价值和??,已经把许多劳役者降格为现代奴隶——“?奴”

2. 如果人们的工作对自己又负面的影响,但为了遵从社会的期望或者挣钱养家糊口而被迫必须继续工作,那么他们就被认为是劳役者。劳役的对立面是玩乐。当我们玩游戏时,我们很享受正在做的事情,但这仅仅是个人娱乐,社会对我们何时玩乐或者是否玩乐并不关心。

3. 处于劳役和玩乐之间的就是工作。如果人们的个人兴趣跟社会付酬让他们做的工作相吻合,他们就被称为工作者。社会上看来一定是苦工的事情对个人来说却是自在玩乐活动。一份活到底应定为工作还是劳役并不取决于其本身,而是承担这份活的个人感受。比如,二者的区别与是体力活还是脑力活或尊严的高低没有关联。温室里满身尘土的园丁可能是工作者,而衣冠楚楚的市长则可能是一个不开心的劳役者!

4. 人们对自己的工作态度决定了一切。对工作者而言,闲暇只是为了更有效地工作而需要放松休息的时间。因此,工作者更倾向于投入更多的时间工作,而花在休闲上的时间并非很多,而是极少。而对劳役者而言,休闲意味着从被迫状态中得到自主。因此,他们自然会想,花在劳作上的时间越少,自在玩乐的时间越多,则越好。

5. 除了花在闲暇上的时间不同,工作者和劳役者的区别还在于他们从工作中获得的个人满足感不同。工作者喜欢自己的工作,感觉更快乐,更轻松,通常对自己的生活更满意。他们工作起来也会更勤奋,更??。因为他们对自己的工作已经产生了一份自豪感。相反,由于劳役者的唯一动力是挣生活费,他们觉得每天花在苦?上的时间是一种浪费,不会让自己快乐。他们不把每天的24小时都当作愉快有用的时光。认为只要花在休闲娱乐上的时间才是有意义的。不幸的是,劳役者太常见了,只有一小部分能有幸成为工作者。

6. 近几十年,技术创新和劳动分工使许多领域不再需要专长或特殊技能,导致了重大经济变革,把许多可以通过开心工作来挣钱的职业变成了枯燥的劳役。随着自动化机器如机器人的使用,日益提高的生产力减少了必要的劳作时间。可以想象,在即将到来的社会中,大多数人会拥有同早期中世纪贵族一样多地闲暇时间。中世纪贵族有大量的闲暇时间,但却往往耗费在玩游戏和对时尚的无聊追求上。同样,有太多闲暇时间的现代劳役者们会觉得很难摆脱那些无聊又是上瘾的追求,像名人八卦、奢华时尚、过度电子游戏和电视等诸如此类浪费宝贵时间的坏习惯。

7. 不过,没必要对休闲这种正面的事情采取如此否定的态度。事实上,目前在很多国家,

人们利用闲暇时间去提高认识,改善工作环境,以创造更快乐安逸的生活。终身学习对做一个乏味不开心的劳役者,还是成为一个从职业和生活中发现意义和乐趣的工作者有重要的影响。“继续教育”或者“体验学习”能提供一系列课程。略举几例,如从运动、艺术或音乐等休闲娱乐课程到领导力拓展、高级会计或CAD等。

8. 不管是什么工作,喜欢自己工作的人总发现时间过得飞快。不管是铁匠的体力活,还是像科学家或艺术家从事的偏脑力的活,他们在工作中都会投入激情。即便是纯脑力活也足以让他们挥洒激情,恰如短语表达得那样,“全身心投入问题中”。

9. 最终,每个人都得到找一份工作谋生。劳役者仅为了一点金钱报酬,像奴隶一样做自己并不喜欢德工作,一天到晚等着回家玩乐。但是当劳役者倒数着时间之时,工作者则干劲十足,全神贯注,从手头的任务中享受到最大的快乐。他们通过选择一份有益社会、成绩自我的工作,怀揣着一种使命感和热情,提升了自己的整个生活。因此到头来,不管你选择什么工作,都必须面对这个根本问题:“你想做一名劳役者还是工作者?”

U6TextA P151

1945:在炮火攻击下

1. 如今,当我回首往事,我很惊讶我居然能如此生动地回忆起轰炸开始的情况,那天的色彩和紧张的情绪仍然清晰地印在我的脑海中。那天,我突然发现在晴朗的天空中出现了12个银色的小点儿,离我很远,发出不正常的嗡嗡声,这种声音我以前从来没听过。那年我七岁,就这样站在一片草地上,盯着天空中几乎不怎么移动的小点儿。

2. 突然,就在附近,森林的边缘,我听到有巨大的炸弹爆炸的声音。在我这个小孩的眼里,我看到的是泥土像巨大的喷泉一样冲到天上。我想跑过去看看这个特别的景象,它让我感到害怕。但是他让我着迷。我还没有习惯战争,也不能把这些飞机、炸弹的轰鸣、森林那边飞溅开来的泥土以及我看?必然的死亡联系成单一的因果关系。没有考虑有危险,我开始朝着投下炸弹的森林方向跑。这时一只手拉住了我,把我拽回在地上,“趴下来”我听到母亲发抖的声音“不要动!”我还记得母亲把我紧紧贴在她身边,说的一些东西我并不知道,也并不理解其含义:那是一条死路。

3. 到了晚上,我很困,但是我不能睡。我们不得不?离这座城市,像囚犯一样在夜间逃亡。到哪儿去,我不知道,但是我知道逃跑突然变成了某种必须要做的事情,一种新的生活方式,因为每个人都在逃跑。所有公路、大路、甚至是乡间小路都是混乱的马车、拉车、自行车,上面装着包裹和箱子。还有数不清的吓坏了的人,他们无助地游走着。一些人向东边跑,另一些人向西边、北边、南边跑;他们徒劳地跑着,实在累了就躺下来,睡一会儿,然后重新开始他们漫无目的的旅程。我紧紧地把我妹妹的手握在手里,我母亲警告过,我们不能走失;但就算她没告诉我,我也能感觉到某种危险的灾难?漫了整个世界。

4. 我和妹妹在马车边走着。这是一辆简易马车,车里铺着干草,在干草上,铺着一条棉布床单,我的祖父躺在上面。他不能动,已经瘫痪了;也是地雷的受害者。空袭一来时,所有人都冲到了壕沟里,只有我祖父留在没人的马路上,他看着飞机向自己猛扑过来,看着他们猛地俯冲瞄准,看着他们弹药喷出烈焰,听着轰鸣的引擎从他的头上飞过。当飞机消失后,我们回到马车边,母亲擦去祖父通红的脸上的汗水,有时,一天会有好几次空袭,每次空袭过后,汗水都会渗满我祖父疲惫的脸。

5. 我们正在踏入一个越来越可怕的场景。地平线上浓烟滚滚,战火在慢慢熄灭。我们经过了废弃的村庄和孤零零的被烧毁的房屋。我们经过了战场,这里到处都是垃圾,有丢弃的武器装备,被炸毁的火车站,翻?的车辆。空气中都是火药味和大屠杀后尸体的烧焦和腐烂的味道。到处都是马德死尸,在人类战争中他们是?弱无力的。

6. 当冬季来临的时候,我们停了下来,不再逃避轰炸,这样我们就可以躲过恶劣的天气了。对正常情况下的人们来说,冬天只不过是另一个季节,但对于战时的穷人来说,冬天是一个灾难,一个无处不在、持续不断的威胁。我们在贫民窟里找了套房子,勉强在风雪中栖身,当我们生不起火;我们既买不起燃料,也不敢去冒险去偷。偷盗燃煤和木料是要处死的——人的生命此时一文不值。

7. 我们什么吃的也没有。我母亲在窗边愁闷着,一站就是几小时,我能看到她呆泄的眼神。我能看到很多人从窗口旁盯着下面的街道看,好像在等待着什么。我和一群流浪的孩子在后院来回跑着玩儿,这既是游戏,也是在寻找一点吃的东西。

8. 有一天,听说他们会在仓库附近的一家商店散发糖果,我们这群饥寒交迫的孩子立即排了一条长队。我们在严寒中站了整整一夜以及第二天一整天,挤在一起以获得一丝暖意。终于,商店开门了,但发给我们每个人的却不是糖果,而是一个装过水果摊的空金属罐子。我虚弱不堪、冻得僵硬,但此刻却很开心,我带着我的宝贝回到家,小心地呵护着。它很珍贵、因为它的内壁上还有糖渣。我母亲少了些水,把水倒进去,稀释成了甜甜的饮料:这是我们这些天唯一的营养。

9. 我不大记得战争是何时结束的,如何结束的,我记忆总是被拉回到第一天草地上的情形,那天,爆炸破坏了花丛的宁静,也打破了我童年的纯真时光。无论我如何努力,我还是不清楚当初到底我们做了什么,要让我们承受战争不可避免带来的所有这些伤害。

_______________________________________________________________________________ Understanding The Text

U2UnderstandingTheText P39

1.Why was Jason scared of water?

Because when he once hopped from the highest diving board ar the pool, he hit the water with an incredible impact and blacked out.

2.Could the would-be rescures succeed in saving the drowning boy?Why or why not?

No,they couldn't.Because with the water's tow. they'd never get to the drowning boy.

3.Why did Jason decide to intervene to save the boy in spite of his fear of water?

Because nobody except Jason saw that going out onto the jetty, which was close to the boy, was the fastest way to reach the drowning boy.

4.Why did Jason become hesitant when he raced down the beach, out onto the jetty?

Because his fear of water suddenly struck him.

5.How did Jason feel when he jumped into the water?

He felt like he was back in that pool, breathless struggling,terrified.

6.How did the boy respond when Jason grabbed him?

The boy popped back up, eyes wide with terror,pawing and twisting against Jason.

7.Was Jason's swimming back to safety smooth? Why?

No, it wasn't. At first when Jason swam against the rip current, it was forcibly dragging them out to the sea. Then he decided to swim sideways to the pull of the current and slowly made their way back to shorc. Finally he made his way back safety.

8.Why did Jason feel the water had never looked so beautiful when he reached the jetty?

Because Jason had already conquered his inner fear of water and be also felt relieved and delighted when he saw the boy was hugged tightly by his mother.

U3UnderstandingTheText P70

1.What could we best portray Audrey Hepburn as?

We can best portray Audrey Hepburn as an exemplary mother and a dedicated UNICEF Ambassador of Goodwill.

2.How did Audrey Hepburn escape after she was grabbed off the street by Nazis?

When the guards glanced away she darted off,barely escaping,and huddled in a cold ,foul basement full of rats.

3.How did Audrey Hepburn start her career?

She was spotted by a producer and eventually landed a role in the film Roman Holiday.

4.How did Audrey Hepburn treat her divorces and sadness from her memories of the war?

She suffered from them,but she never let her sadness overcome her or jeopardize her hope for a brighter future.

5.What did Audrey Hepburn's only home in Switzerland mean to her?

For Audrey it was a paradise where she could hide from the would with her beloved family,work in her garden and take long walks in nature.

6.Why does the author say Audrey's missions as a UNICEF diplomat were "emotionally draining and physically dangerous" (Para.10)?

Because she had many trips into most difficult places on carth where people suffered from froughts and wars.She wanted to relieve their sufferings by offering spiritual and material help.So,when she was trying to complete her missions, she had to provide a lot of emtional care and was always confronted with dangerous tasks.

7.What ideology did Audrey Hepburn deeply believe in?

She believed deeply in the ideology thar all people share in the duty to care for those in need.

8.How do you understand the statement of Audrey Hepburn:"For beautiful eyes,look for the good in others; for beautiful lips, speak only words of kindness; and for poise, walk with the knowledge that you are never alone"?

Eyes will be beautiful if they always look for the goog in others.Lips will be beautiful if they speak only kind woods .Confidence is to be obtained when you walk while knowing that you are

never walking by yourself.Audrey's words further show her simplicity ,charity,charm and kindness.

U4UnderstandingTheText P99

1. Why do we sometimes still need to travel in this digital age?

Because in this digital age ,it is still important to have a handshake at abusiness luncheon ,to eat mom's special food on Thanksgiving,or to see your girlfriend on your 2-years anniversary.

2. What does the author mean by "the rest of the journey, however, can feel like a tedious lesson in the ills of modernity"(Para. 2)?

The author means that the rest of journey is actually very boring.They have to endure and tolerate the terrible experience in the modern world which brings people convenience as well as tediousness as aresult of globalization.Journey if not enjoyable any more.

3. What kind of travel is truly compulsory?

Only corporate reavel,about 30% of trips over 50 miles,is truly conpulsory.

4. How do you understand the phrase "Paris is Paris" in Paragraph 4?

We go to Paris for the sake of its being Paris.We just want to experience the wonders of Paris because of its uniqueness.

5. What is the irony when people travel to Paris trying to leave all those troubles behind?

Their mind is most likely to solve their most stubborn problems while they are sitting in luxury in a Left Bank cafr.

6. How does a bit of distance help enhance creativity according to Paragraph 6?

Traveling to a new place can make us less controlled by familiar cognitive patterns we used to have.As a result,we can better combine the new with the old in our thinking.

7. What do we need to do to trigger our creativity?

We need to try the difference by changing cultures and experiencing the disorienting diversity of human traditions.

8. What will happen to us after travel?

Travel will change our mind to some extent,which in turn can have effects on everything in our life.

U5UnderstandingTheText P129

1. How can a person be truly happy?

To be truly happy ,one must feel to do what he likes,knowing that what he does is important to other people. He enjoys his job and his work is greatly valued by society.

2. How is labor different from play?

When people are doing a job they have no interest in,the job only means purely ? labor,which has negative effects on them.People don't like labor,but they have to accept it bacause of societal expectations and the need to support their family . By contr? , people are in? in play,and when they play they enjoy what they are doing . However ,play is only a personal matter.So, society does not care how people play.

3. Why does the author make a comparison between a gardener and a well-dressed city mayor?

The author wants show that that the difference between workers and labores does not like in the nature of the job itself,be it mental or manual,of low or high ? , but in whether a person has interest in his job.

4. What does leisure mean to workers and laborers respectively?

To workers , leisure means ? the bours they need to relax and rest in order to work efficiently ; to laborers ,leisure means freedom from compulsion.

5. How do workers and laborers differ in the amount of personal satisfaction they derive from their jobs?

Workers will be happier, less stressed , and generally more satisfied with their lives and proud of their jobs. On the other band,laborers feel that the time they spend on the daily grind is wasted and doesn't contribute to their happiness;laborers perveive only the time spent in leisure and play as meabingful.

6. How do technological innovation and the division of labor change the nature of work?

The improvements in technology and the division of labor have greatly changed the nature of work.People do not need special strength or skill any more in many fields.Many paid jobs with enjoyable works have become boring labor routine. At the same time , because machines can automatically do the work for people, producivity has increased and the number of becessary laboring hours has accordingly decreased.

7. What kind of attitude should people take toward leisure time?

People should take a positive attitude toward leisure time.They should use their leisure time to improve their minds and their working conditions to create a happier,more contented life by means of lifelong learning , such as"continuing education"and"experiential learning".

8. What does the author mean by using the expression "sinking one's teeth into a problem"?

With this phrase,the author emphasizes that even purely mental work can arouse people's passions and give them sarisfacion.

U6UnderstandingTheText P157

1. How does the war begin in the eyes of the author?

He suddenly notices 12 distant silver poiats moving across the clear brilliant sky with an unfamiliar abnormal hum.

2. Why does the author run toward the forest in the direction of the falling bombs?

Because he has has not grown accustomed to war and cannot conceive of the danger, and he is fascinared by the bombs' explosion.

3. What does the author think of their flight when he sees that everyone is running away?

The author feels that flight has suddenly become some kind of highest necessity , some new form of life.

4. Why does the author write in detail his grandfather's situation?

Because the author wants to take his grandfather, a victim of war,as a typical example to reveal the helplessness of individuals in the cruel war .

5. What does the author want to convey by describing the "increasingly appalling landscape"(Para.5)?

By describing the "increasingly appalling landscape", the author wants to convey that war only bring people huge disasters, destroying everything without mercy and raining people's life conmletely.

6. Why is winter a disaster, a pervasive and constant threat, for the poor during wartime?

The poor are exposed to much more severe conditions that at any other time in the year as they can't afford to heat the furnace.

7. Why does the author's mother stand brooding at the window for hours with a fixed stare?

Because she is worried and helpless .They have nothing to eat, and she doesn't know whether they can survive the severe war.

8. Why does the author regard the metal container as something valuable?

Because they have nothing to eat and the sugar tesidue inside the container serves as their only mi? for days.

_______________________________________________________________________________ BankedCloze

U1BankedCloze P12

1.eventually

2.premier

3.endeavor

4.bypass

5.handicaps

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/0bab824e8762caaedd33d4ee.htmlmitted

7.attained

8.transcend 9.feats 10.slightest

U3BankedCloze P73

1.domain

2.define

3.popularity

4.mentally

5.diplomatic

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/0bab824e8762caaedd33d4ee.htmlmitted

7.devote

8.surviving 9.embarked 10.humanitatian

U5BankedClozeP123

1.employees

2.notion

3.primary

4.foster

5.reflects

6.motivations

7.monetary

8.aspects 9.gossiping 10.miserable

U6BankedClozeP160

1.appalling

2.innumerable

3.distinction

4.casualties

5.unrecorded

6.massacres

7.foster 8.stage 9.decline 10.stabilize

_______________________________________________________________________________ 视听说

视听说P 43:

1exerting 2 fabulous 3 talk them out 4 approaches 5 head for

6 efficient

7 is linked with

8 compare favorably to

9 boost 10 session

视听说P 65:

1 illegal

2 taking family vacations

3 acquaintances

4 throwing a party

5 verbal

6 tolerant

7 intervene

8 splits the difference

9 resolve 10 talk it out

视听说P 109:

1 suffer from

2 enthusiastic

3 erodes

4 competent

5 clear-cut

6 labeling

7 comes down to

8 commonplace

9 tend to 10 focusing on

视听说P86

Scripts

We may take the invention of the toilet for granted, but it is something many of us would have a hard time learning to live without. Public sanitation systems were invented long ago, but when was the toilet invented? The story of the toilet takes us back to 1596.

The toilet was created by Sir John Harrington for his godmather, Queen Elizabeth I. Harrington called his design a “water closet”, and his water closet was installed in Queen Elizabeth’s castle in 1596.

The original toilet, or water closet, had a knob on a chain that had to be pulled in order for the water to be released from a bowl. Underneath the bowl, there was a basin or collection bowl that had to be emptied and cleaned often. It is not the sanitary and pleasant way for removing waste that we know of, but it paves the way for later improvements.

Over time, many inventors improved Harrington’s original water closet by improving the p ipes that were attached to the bottom and the flush system that built upon the original toilet. By 1896, Thomas Crapper began to sell toilets. Crapper saw the importance and necessity of the toilet, and he used his admiration for the product to help promote and sell the toilet.

Harrington’s invention is, without a doubt, one invention that would be hard to live without. Inventors will continue to develop upon Harrington’s original water closet.

Question 1: Who invented the first toilet according to the passage?

Sir John Harrington

Question 2: What was one of the problems with Harrington’s water closet?

The basin had to be emptied and cleaned constantly.

Question 3: How did inventors improve the original toilet according to the passage?

They improved the pipes that were attached to the bottom.

Question 4: which of the following can best summarize the passage?

The development of the toilet.

_______________________________________________________________________________ Skimming and Scanning (Multiple Choice)

Directions: Read the following passage and then choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D for questions 1-10.

Passage 1

Children's Eating

Raising children can be a challenging job. It can also be rewarding. When it comes to eating, the more caregivers know about children's natural eating patterns, the easier and more rewarding the job of feeding children can be.

Like many other behaviors, children's eating patterns are largely learned. Starting from infancy (婴儿期), a child learns what can be eaten and what cannot, what is appropriate within the culture and the family regarding food manners, what types of food are liked and disliked, and what cues are important in controlling the amount of food eaten. Children's eating patterns move through predictable stages of development that present challenges and opportunities for learning and mastering proper eating patterns. Early feeding interactions influence the set of skills and behaviors children possess as their eating moves from completely depending on their caregivers to relying more on themselves.

Inborn (天生的) Abilities, Preferences, and Transitions (转变)

Because a newborn spends about 50% of his waking time eating, the feeding interaction is perhaps an infant's most important experience. Feeding not only supplies energy for growth, it also establishes his bond with his mother, provides a sense of security and pleasure for the infant, and presents repeated opportunities for learning and social exchange.

A child's transition to solid food is a dynamic (不断增长的) period of growth and learning. Eating patterns change more during this period than during any other time of life. This transition requires rapid learning about flavors, food, manners, and social exchange.

An often unrecognized milestone (里程碑) in young children's eating behavior is dealing with a

fear of new food. Young children are inclined to be afraid of new food when they are between 18-24 months of age. Children previously judged as "good eaters" often begin to reject new food and refuse formerly accepted, familiar items. Children's acceptance of new food does not happen right away. It requires repeated experience with new food to overcome fears and enhance acceptance.

The Family Eating Environment

Parents and caregivers greatly influence the eating environment in which children's preferences and eating patterns develop. Caregivers determine which foods are available to the child and what composes a child's diet. They also provide a model of eating behavior and guide a child's eating through feeding practices. By selecting the food that comes into the home, parents have direct control over the food children repeatedly eat.

At any point in development, large differences may exist among parents in the extent to which they allow a child to control eating, including the timing of meals, as well as what and how much is eaten. Feeding practices that are too controlling are not effective, but rather may work against promoting healthy eating patterns. The use of pressure and restriction in child feeding seems to have an opposite effect on children's preferences. Another unintended consequence of using pressure in child feeding is that it may cause eating to be influenced by factors other than a child's own hunger and fullness.

The Contemporary Eating Environment

While the family is the most important environment in which children's eating develops, cultural and physical environments also play a role. Environmental factors affect a parent's ability to promote healthy eating patterns. Such factors include increased time demands in family life, loss of the family meal, increased television viewing during meals, increased dining-out (外出就餐) occasions, and increased use of childcare. Parents also struggle with the broader health and eating concerns of our society. This climate includes poor diet quality and an ever-increasing number of overweight parents and children. At the same time, society places an enormous emphasis on dieting and thinness.

Promoting Healthy Eating Behaviors

A worthy goal for parents and caregivers is to create feeding environments that promote healthy eating behaviors and support healthy weight and growth. There are several important feeding issues for most children:

1. Young children eat small amounts of food frequently; three meals and three snacks (点心) is a normal eating pattern until well into the school years.

2. The appearance of irregular eating patterns is not necessarily evidence of poor eating habits. Parents should consider the amount of food eaten across the day and beyond, rather than focus on "getting a child to eat" at a particular eating occasion.

3. Young children require fewer energy and smaller portion sizes. Because increasing portion sizes may increase energy intakes, be careful about routinely (习惯性地) offering adult-size servings of drinks and snacks.

Keeping these issues and the following ten tips in mind will help parents and caregivers develop healthy eating behaviors in the children they care for.

Ten Tips for Putting Information into Action

1. Children benefit from eating routines (常规) and structure in the same way that they benefit from bedtime routines! Be sure to offer three meals and two to three snacks across the course of the day. In between, avoid feeding the child by adopting a "closed kitchen" policy.

2. What does hunger have to do with it? Everything. Direct children towards internal cues like hunger and fullness. Speak plainly to children about hunger and fullness during mealtime and snacks.

3. Avoid focusing on the amounts consumed. Instead, offer healthy choices and learn about appropriate portion sizes for children.

4. Offer healthy snacks and routinely remind children that fruits and vegetables are available for snacking.

5. Don't give up! Children need repeated experiences with new food before they learn to like them.

6. Be conscious of low nutrient, high-energy drinks and food consumption.

7. Be active! Turn off the television (limit of 2 hours per day) and encourage free play by GOING OUTSIDE!

8. Make family meals a priority whenever possible. Try for at least three family dinners a week. Limit eating out to twice a week and try to choose restaurants with surroundings that permit conversation.

9. Develop children's conversational styles and their sense of importance by eliminating distractions like television and music during family meals.

10. Promote healthy eating—not dieting—in word and in deed. Adopt a moderate approach that includes all food in age-appropriate amounts.

Passage 2

Video Gaming

As video gaming spreads, the discussion about its social impact is intensifying. Is it a new medium equivalent to film and music, a valuable educational tool, a form of harmless fun or something terrible that makes children violent and stupid? Video gaming is all these things, depending on

whom you ask.

Amid all the arguments, however, three important factors are generally overlooked: that attitudes to gaming are marked by a generational divide; that there is no convincing evidence that games make people violent; and that games have great potential in education.

Attitudes towards gaming

Attitudes towards gaming depend to a great extent on age. In America, for example, half of the population plays computer or video games. However most players are under 40—according to Nielsen, a market-research firm, 76% of them—while most critics of gaming are over 40. An entire generation that began gaming as children has kept playing. The average age of American gamers is 30. Most are "computer natives" who grew up with technology, argues Marc Prensky of Games2train, a firm that promotes the educational use of games. He describes older people as "computer immigrants" who, like newcomers anywhere, have had to adapt in various ways to their new technological world. Just getting by in a foreign land without some grasp of the local language is difficult, says Mr. Prensky. Computer immigrants have had to learn to use technologies such as the Internet and mobile phones. But relatively few of them have embraced video games. The word "game" itself also confuses matters, since it makes them seem like playthings. "What they don't understand, because they've never played them, is that these are complex games, which take 30, 40 or 100 hours to complete," says Mr. Prensky. Games are, in fact, played mainly by young adults. Only a third of gamers are under 18.

"It's just a generational divide," says Gerhard Florin, the European boss of Electronic Arts, the world's biggest games publisher. "People do not know what they are talking about, because they have never played a game. And yet, they say that millions of gamers are stupid or violent." Computer natives who have played video games since childhood already regard them as a form of entertainment equivalent to films and music. Older computer natives now have children of their own and enjoy playing video games with them.

The gaming industry is trying to address the generational divide. It is producing games designed to appeal to people who have never played games and encouraging gamers (who may occasionally play simple web-based games, or games on mobile phones) to play more. This has led to the development of games with a wider appeal. Some of them replace the usual control pad with novel input devices: microphones (麦克风) for singing games, cameras for dancing and action games, and even musical instruments. In addition, the industry has started to attract more women, who seem to prefer social simulation (模拟) games such as "The Sims", and older people, who (if they play games at all) often prefer versions of card games and board games. Other promising areas include portable (便携式的) gaming, mobile gaming and online downloads of simple games. Many people enjoy gaming, but do not necessarily want to commit themselves to a long quest that will take dozens of hours to complete.

May gaming make people violent?

But aren't critics right to worry that gaming might make people violent? In his paper, Mr. Williams describes his study carried out with Marko Skoric of the University of Michigan. The study concentrated on a "massively multiplayer (多人参与的) online role-playing game" (MMORPG) called "Asheron Call 2". This type of game requires the player to wander around a fantasy world and kill monsters to build up attribute points. It is "virtually more violent than the average video game and should have more effect, given the highly repetitive nature of the violence", the researchers noted.

Two groups of subjects were recruited, none of whom had played MMORPGs before and many of whom had never played video games at all. One group then played the game for a month, for an average of nearly two hours per day. The other group acted as a control. All people who participated were asked questions about how often they had aggressive social interactions (such as arguments with their spouses) during the course of the month to test the idea that gaming makes people more aggressive. Game players, it turned out, were no more aggressive than the control group. Whether the test subjects had played games before, the number of hours spent gaming, and whether they liked violent movies or not, made no difference. The researchers noted, however, that more research is still needed to assess the impact of other types of games. All games are different, and only when more detailed studies have been carried out will it be possible to say anything about the impact of gaming.

Games have great potential in education.

What's more, plenty of games, far from encouraging violence, are morally complex, subtle and, very possibly, improving. Many now explicitly require players to choose whether to be good or evil, and their choices determine how the game they are playing develops. Several games based on the "Star Wars" movies require players to choose between the light and dark sides of the Force, equivalent to good and evil.

Even games with no educational purpose require players to learn a great deal. Games are complex and force players to make a huge number of decisions. Gamers must construct ideas about the in-game world, learn its rules through trial and error (错误) , solve problems and puzzles, develop strategies and get help from other players through the Internet when they get stuck.

Games can be used in many other ways. Tim Rylands, a British teacher in a primary school near Bristol, recently won an award from Becta, a government education agency, for using computer games in the classroom. By projecting the fantasy world of "Myst", a role-playing game, on to a large screen and encouraging his 11-year-old pupils to write descriptions and reactions as he plays it, he has achieved striking improvements in their English test scores.

So games are inherently good, not bad? Actually they are neither, like books, films, the Internet, or any other medium. All can be used to depict sex and violence, or to educate and inform. Indeed, that there is violence and sex in games is arguably a sign of the maturity of the medium, as games become more like films.

Passage 3

College Is Just the Beginning of Lifelong Learning

Although it may sometimes feel more like a burden, being a student is a golden opportunity. As a student, you are able to focus on learning for a period of time, and your school focuses on you in return, helping you gain access to knowledge, resources, and experiences. Take advantage of the academic opportunity by developing a habit of seeking out new learning opportunities. That habit will encourage you to continue your learning long after you have graduated, even in the face of the pressure of everyday life.

Learning brings change, and change causes growth. If you confine your learning to your time as a student, you will make it difficult to improve and move ahead both on the job and in your personal life. On the other hand, if you take advantage of the chances to learn what comes into your way, you will continue to move ahead. As you change and the world changes, new knowledge and ideas continually emerge. Absorb them so that you can drive yourself forward into the future.

Here are some lifelong learning strategies that can encourage you to continually ask questions and explore new ideas.

Look into new interests. When information and events catch your attention, take your interest one step further and find out more. If you are fascinated by lawyers on television, find out more if your school has legal clubs where you can explore. If a friend of yours starts to take yoga (瑜珈), try out a class with him. If you really like one part of a particular class, see if there is any other class that focuses on that specific subject. Stop saying "I wish I had tried that" and start saying "I'm going to do it."

Read books, newspapers, magazines, and other writings. Reading opens a world of new perspectives. Check out what's on the bestseller list at your bookstore. Ask your friends about books that have changed their lives. Stay on the top of the current changes in your community, your state, your country, and even the world by reading newspapers and magazines. A newspaper that has a broad scope, such as The New York Times or Washington Post, can be an education in itself. Explore religious literature, family letters, and Internet news groups and web pages. Keep something with you to read at those moments when you have nothing to do.

Spend time with interesting people. When you meet someone new who inspires you and makes you think, keep in touch. Have a dinner party and invite one person or a couple from each corner of your life—your family, your work, your school, a club to which you belong, and your neighborhood. Sometimes, meet for reasons that go beyond just being social. Start a book club, a repair group, an acting club, an exercise group, or a business group. Learn something new from each other.

Make improvement in your studies and in your career. When at school, take classes outside of your major if you have time. After graduation, continue your education both in your field and in the area of general knowledge. Stay on top of ideas, developments, and new technology in your field by seeking out continuing education courses. Sign up for career-related seminars. Take single courses

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