大学英语六级翻译分项训练(含答案及详解)

大学英语六级翻译分项训练(含答案及详解)

一、倍数增减的表示法

1) Force N1 _______________(比力N2大2.5倍).

2) This substance _______________(反应速度是另外那种物质的三倍).

3) The earth _______________(是月球大小的49倍).

4) The landlord _______________(想将租金提高三分之一).

5) They _______________(计划将投资增加一倍).

二、时态

1) Be quick, _______________(否则等我们到达教

结束了).

2) When she got home, _______________(孩子们已经睡着了).

3) When I prepare for the college entrance examination, _______________(我姐姐将在海边度假).

4) I_______________(一上午都在修改我的简历).

5) Do you often go on holiday? _______________(不,我已经有五年没有度假了).

6) He joined the army in October, 2001. _______________(他参军已五年了).

三、被动语态

1) The blackboard and chalk _______________(正在被电脑和投影机所取代).

2) The book _______________(到今年年底就将已出版).

3) Computer models _______________(可以用来演示细胞工作的方式).

4) When the bill of fare was brought, _______________(我惊呆了,价格大大超出了我的预料).

5) _______________(必须立即采取有效措施)to eliminate sandy storms.

四、情态动词

1) The phone is ringing, _______________(但是没人接听。她一定不在家).

2) I can’t find my sunglasses. _______________(我可能昨天落在咖啡店里了).

3) You screamed in your sleep last night. _______________(你一定梦见什么可怕的东西了).

4) It’s a pity. _______________(你本应该邀请她来参加你的毕业典礼的).

5) _______________(其实我没必要穿上我最好的套装去参加那次聚会的); most of the guests were wearing jeans and sweaters.

五、虚拟语气

1) I wish _______________(我年轻的时候有你们这样的机会).

2) If only _______________(他知道这病是可以治好的)! Then he would not have killed himself.

3) ——Would you like him to paint your door with yellow stars?

——I’d rather he _______________(漆成蓝色的,而且不带任何装饰).

4) It’s high time that _______________(采取措施解决交通堵塞的问题).

5) Hugh usually talks _______________(仿佛在大会上发表演说似的).

6) We insist that _______________(让杰克立刻进医院).

7) It was advised that _______________(在居民区设立更多的流动商店).

8) His proposal was that _______________(他们成立一个专门委员会来检查这个问题).

9) We are going to discuss his suggestion that _______________(取消期中考试).

10) It is ridiculous that _______________(我们在一个总是下雨的国家还缺水).

11) It is essential that _______________(每个人都为紧急情况做好准备).

12) _______________(如果他按照我告诉他的办法订票), we would have had quite a comfortable journey.

13) I was to have made a speech _______________(要不是有人把我的话打断了).

14) It didn’t rain last night. _______________(要是下了,地就会湿的).

15) _______________(如果我一直住在纽约), I would know the U.S. well now.

16) If the doctor had not come in time, _______________(他现在就不在人间了).

17) But for his help, _______________(我们就不会以这么低的价格租到房子了).

18) I used my calculator; _______________(否则,我会花更长的时间才能算出这道题).

19) Were I in your place, _______________(我会毫不犹豫地抓住机会).

20) Had it not been for their opposition, _______________(这项法案早就通过了).

21) Should there be another world war, _______________(人类的继续存在就会有危险).

22) He walked lightly _______________(以免惊醒婴儿).

六、不定式

1) It was a great achievement _______________(10个月建成一栋24层的楼).

2) It is necessary _______________(我们在考试前好好地睡一晚上觉).

3) It is generous _______________(你把这么多钱捐给灾区人民).

4) The teacher decided _______________(不惩罚那些上课迟到的学生).

5) Mr. Green was wondering _______________ (是否去看望在法国的儿子).

6) The gardener _______________(刚才警告我不要在中午给花浇水).

7) We _______________(请他给我们做有关现代艺术的讲座).

8) He feels it challenging _______________(在这么大一所大学做学生会主席).

9) We hope to have more opportunities _______________(把我们在课堂上学到的东西应用于实践).

10) The bad weather _______________(破坏了我们在露天放电影的计划).

11) The environmentalists are against _______________(在郊区建一座核电站的决定).

12) Sally Ride was the first _______________(探索外部空间的美国妇女).

13) They lifted a rock _______________(结果砸了自己的脚).

14) He was surprised _______________(在这个山村遇见一个中学同学).

15) I am sorry _______________(占用了您这么多时间).

16) I happened _______________(在他冲进来的时候站在门口).

17) She doesn’t like _______________(被当作客人).

18) If you want to save money, you’d better _______________(到校园书店买旧书).

19) We did nothing _______________(除了整天打桥牌).

20) We were made _______________(进屋之前在垫子上擦擦脚).

七、分词

1) This is the first time that I heard _______________(用意大利语唱“祝你生日快乐”).

2) The cars _______________(停在消防通道的) will be ticketed.

3) The war went on for years, _______________(夺去了成千上万人的生命).

4) The farmers used a new insecticide, thus _______________(将平均产量提高了15%).

5) Einstein watched the toy in delight, _______________(想推导出它的运转原理).

6) _______________(看到大家都在聚精会神地看书), we stopped talking and began to study.

7) _______________(被这个男孩的事迹深深打动了), they decided to pay for his education.

8) _______________(从一个年轻朋友的眼光来看), Einstein was a simple, modest and ordinary man.

9) _______________(好久没有收到父母的来信了), he was worried about them.

八、动名词

1) _______________(每天洗冷水澡) does him a lot of good.

2) They tried to avoid _______________(让女儿做她不喜欢的事情).

3) Developing varieties is the key to _______________(使我们的产品进入国际市场).

4) It is no use _______________(为洒了的牛奶而哭泣).

5) He denied_______________(偷看了同桌的试卷)

6) We congratulated her on _______________(被提升为经理).

九、非谓语动词用法区别

1) Success means _______________(非常努力地工作).

2) John meant _______________(开车去那儿,但他的车出了故障).

3) I heard him _______________(在跟他的母亲谈话).

4) I heard him _______________(跟他的母亲谈了一个小时).

5) He jumped into the pool to save the child _______________(结果却摔断了自己的腿).

6) He jumped from the burning house, _______________(摔断了双腿).

7) He was happy _______________(看到父母很健康).

8) _______________(看到父母安然无恙), he issued a sigh of relief.

9) _______________(跟随着它的脚印), the zoologists spotted the hungry panda.

10) The pop, _______________(后面跟着两个保镖), came to meet his fans.

十、名词从句

1) _______________(他们为什么离开家乡去云南) is still a secret.

2) _______________(最让我不解的) was that he spoke English so well.

3) _______________(这么做是故意的) became obvious.

4) It is not clear yet _______________(谁应该为这件事负责).

5) It is none of your business _______________(玛丽与谁订婚).

6) Don’t put off till tomorrow _______________(今天能做的事).

7) This novel is just _______________(我一直在寻找的).

8) It is not yet known _______________(机器人是否有一天能拥有象人一样的视力).

9) _______________(她是否喜欢那个礼物) is not clear to me.

10) My main problem right now is _______________(我是否应该请求另一笔贷款).

11) It all depends on _______________(他们是否会支持我们).

12) You have yet to answer my question _______________(我是否可以指望你的投票).

13) Finally, the workers got an answer _______________(政府做不了什么事来提高他们工资).

14) Obviously, there was little certainty _______________(主席会同意他的提议).

十一、定语从句

1) Everyday many tourists come to visit _______________(鲁迅出生的那栋房子).

2) The old lady died _______________(在她儿子到达的那天).

3) This is _______________(我赞成这一改革的理由).

4) Let ABC be _______________(一个三边不等长的三角形).

5) Some of the roads were flooded, _______________(这使我们的旅程更为艰难).

6) He introduced me to his students, _______________(他们大部分是英语专业的学生).

7) _______________(众所周知), water is a liquid.

十二、状语从句

1) _______________(不管我们谈论什么), Jim brings polities into the discussion.

2) _______________(不管哪一方获胜), I shall be satisfied.

3) _______________(不管观众中的一些人如何使劲地难为他), the comedian always had a quick, sharp reply.

4) We climbed high _______________(这样我们就可以看到更好的风景).

5) The problem so very complicated _______________(花了我们两个周才解决).

6) You can go out _______________(只要你答应晚上11点以前回来).

7) I remember the whole thing _______________(仿佛是昨天发生的).

十三、比较级最高级

1) Does she dance _______________(跟她姐姐一样地优美)?

2) The buildings look _______________(在伦敦比在这儿难看得多).

3) This is _______________(他画的最好的画之一).

4) The higher you climb, _______________(空气就越稀薄).

十四、倒装句

1) Scarcely had she fallen asleep _______________(一阵敲门声就把她吵醒).

2) No sooner had Anne arrived _______________(就生病了).

3) The husband was not hospitable to the visitor. _______________(他妻子也没说一句欢迎的话).

4) Only then _______________(那个医生才意识到他的病人需要手术).

5) Only when you adjust down your price _______________(我们才能做成这笔买卖).

十五、强调句

1) _______________(正是Jefferson写下了)the Declaration of Independence.

2) _______________(作者是带着真挚的情感)praises all that is progressive.

3) _______________(正是因为水涨了)we could not cross the river.

4) _______________(人们听见正是Jim 这个无情的家伙) shouting at his mother in the dead of night.

5) _______________(直到我告诉她) Mrs. Williams knew anything about it.

参考答案

一、倍数增减的表示法

1) is 2.5 times greater than Force N2

(考点:倍数+ 形容词/副词比较级+ than)

2) reacts three times as fast as the other one

(考点:倍数+ as + 形容词/副词+ as)

3) is 49 times the size of the moon

(考点:倍数+ 名词)

4) wants to raise the rent by a third

(考点:动词+ by + 数词/百分比/倍数)

5) plan to double their investment

(考点:double + 名词)

二、时态

1) or the wedding will have finished by the time we get to the church

(考点:将来完成时)

2) the children had fallen asleep

(考点:过去完成时)

3) my sister will be taking her vacation at the seaside

(考点:将来进行时)

4) have been revising my resume all the morning

(考点:现在完成进行时)

5) No. It has been five years since I went on holiday

(考点:It has been …since sb. did sth. 表示某人有多长时间没有做某事了)

6) He has been in the army for 5 years

(考点:1. 现在完成时;2.要用持续性动词才能接一段时间)

三、被动语态

1) is being replaced by the computer and the projector

(考点:被动语态的现在进行时)

2) will have been published by the end of this year

(考点:被动语态的将来完成时)

3) can be used to demonstrate the way that cells work

(考点:1. 被动语态与情态动词联用; 2. 汉语有些没有“被”字等标志词的句子也表示被动, 要译成英语的被动语态)

4) I was startled, for the prices were a great deal higher than I had anticipated

(考点:同“3”的考点2)

5) Effective measures must be taken immediately

(考点:汉语的无主句通常翻译成英语的被动语态)

四、情态动词

1) but there is no answer. She can’t be at home

(考点:情态动词可以表示可能性,can’t 表示“一定不”)

2) I may have left them in the coffee shop yesterday

(考点:“情态动词can/could, may/might, must + 完成式”用于表示对过去发生的动作的主观判断)

3) You must have dreamed of something terrible

(考点:同上)

4) You should have invited her to your graduation ceremony

(考点:“情态动词should/ought to + have done”用于评论过去应该做而实际并未做的动作,含有批

评的意思)

5) I needn’t have put on my best suit to go to the party

(考点:“情态动词needn’t + have + done”表示对过去发生的动作进行评论,认为“无须发生”,“不必做”)

五、虚拟语气

1) I had had your opportunities when I was young

(考点:I wish后的that从句中用过去完成式表示过去没有实现或不可能实现的愿望)

2) he had known this disease is curable

(考点:If only 引导的感叹句表示“但愿”或“要是……就好了”,用法与I wish…基本相同)

3) painted it blue, and without any decorations

(考点:would rather 后的that从句中用过去式表示不是事实)

4) measures were taken to solve the problem of traffic jams

(考点:It’s (about/high) time 后的that从句中用过去式,表示“该是……的时候了”)

5) as though he were delivering a speech at an assembly

(考点:as if / as though引导的从句中用过去式表示和现在事实相反或对现在情况有所怀疑)

6) Jack (should) be sent to hospital right now

(考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词所接的宾语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)

7) more mobile shops (should) be set up in the residential area

(考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词所接的主语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)

8) they (should) set up a special board/committee to examine this problem

(考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的名词所接的表语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)

9) the mid-term exams (should) be canceled

(考点:表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的名词所接的同位语从句通常用“(that) sb. (should) do”的虚拟形式)

[表示“建议、命令、要求、想法”的动词及其名词常见的有:advise (advice), agree (agreement), decide (decision), decree, demand, determine (determination), grant, indicate (indication), insist (insistence), order, prefer (preference), propose (proposal), request, require (requirement), resolve (resolution), stipulate (stipulation), suggest(suggestion), urge, vote;常见的这类动词还有:allow, arrange, ask, beg, concede, demonstrate, ensure, intend, move, pledge, pray等]

10) we (should) be short of water in a country where it is always raining

(考点:在It is/was +形容词后的that从句中常用“sb. should do”的形式表示建议惊奇等。这类形容词常见的有:advisable, anxious, appropriate, compulsory, crucial, desirable, eager, essential, fitting, imperative, important, impossible, improper, natural, necessary, obligatory, preferable, proper, urgent, vital, willing等)

11) everyone (should) be prepared for emergency

(考点:同上)

12) If he had booked tickets in the way I told him

13) if I had not been interrupted

(考点:同上)

14) If it had rained, the ground would be wet

(考点:在非真实条件句中,当主句与从句表示的动作不是同时发生时,就根据情况用适当的谓语动词形式)

15) If I had been living in New York

(考点:同上)

16) he would be dead now

(考点:同上)

17) we could not have rent a house at such a low price

(考点:but for经常作为非真实条件句中if的代用语)

18) otherwise, it would have taken me more time to work out this question

(考点:otherwise也经常作为非真实条件句中if的代用语)

19) I would seize the opportunity without hesitation

(考点:在非真实条件句中如果有were, had, should这三个词,可以省去if,采用主谓语倒装的形式来表示条件)

20) this act would have been passed much earlier

(考点:同上)

21) the continued existence of the human race would be in jeopardy

(考点:同上)

22) lest he should awaken the baby

(考点:lest (以免)引导的从句通常用sb. should do的形式表示虚拟)

六、不定式

1) to complete a 24-story building in 10 months

(考点:不定式作主语时常用it作形式主语放在句首代替不定式,而将不定式移到谓语后面)

2) for us to have a good night’s sleep before the test

(考点:有时用“介词for + 代词/名词”来表示不定式的逻辑主语,这时整句的谓语描述的对象是事情,这种情况下谓语中常用的形容词有:necessary, important, possible, impossible, all right, essential等)

3) of you to donate so much money to the people in the disaster area

(考点:有时用“介词of + 代词/名词”来表示不定式的逻辑主语,这时整句的谓语描述的对象是人,这种情况下谓语中常用的形容词有:absurd, bold, brave, careful, careless, cowardly, cruel, foolish, generous, good, honest, kind, nice, polite, rude, selfish, silly, stupid, thoughtful, thoughtless, wicked, wise, wrong等)

4) not to punish those students who had been late for class

(考点:1. 用不定式结构作decide的宾语;2.不定式的否定形式是在to前加not)

(能带不定式作宾语的动词常见的有:afford, agree, ask, attempt, beg, begin, bother, care, choose, claim, consent, decide, demand, desire, dislike, endeavor, expect, fail, fear, forget, happen, hate, help, hesitate, hope, intend, learn, like, love, manage, mean, neglect, offer, plan, pledge, prefer, prepare, pretend, promise, refuse, remember, resolve, start, threaten, undertake, venture, volunteer, vow, want, wish)

5) whether to visit their son in France

(考点:“疑问词+不定式”作动词wonder的宾语。能以这种结构作宾语的动词通常有ask, consider, decide, discover, explain, forget, guess, know, learn, observe, remember, see, tell, understand, wonder等)

6) warned me just now not to water flowers at noon

(考点:不定式作宾语补语)

7) invited him to give us a lecture on modern art

(考点:同上)

(能带不定式结构作宾语补语的动词有advise, allow, ask, beg, cause, challenge, command, compel, enable, determine, encourage, expect, feel, find, force, get, hate, have, hear, help, inform invite, let, like, make, mean, need, notice, notify, oblige, order, permit, persuade, remind, request, require, see, send, teach, tell, tempt, trouble, urge, want, warn, watch, wish等。注:划线的动词后面的不定式不带to)

8) to be the chairman of students’union in so large a university

(考点:动词+ it + 形容词/名词+ 不定式。it是形式宾语,不定式是真正宾语)

9) to apply what we have learned in class to practice

(考点:不定式作定语)

(不定式常用作以下名词/代词的定语:ability, ambition, anything, attempt, capability, chance, curiosity, desire, decision, determination, effort, failure, intention, need, nothing, opportunity, place, plan, promise, reason, right, something, tendency, time, way, wish等)

10) ruined our plan to show the film in the open air

(考点:同上)

11) the decision to build a nuclear power station in the suburbs

(考点:同上)

12) American woman to explore the outer space

(考点:由only, last, next,序数词或形容词最高级修饰的名词常用不定式作定语)

13) only to drop it on their own feet

(考点:不定式作结果状语)

14) to meet a high school classmate in the mountain village

(考点:不定式作原因状语)

15) to have taken up so much of your time

(考点:1. 不定式作原因状语;2. 不定式的完成时)

16) to be standing in the doorway when he rushed in

(考点:不定式的进行式)

17) to be treated as a guest

(考点:不定式的被动形式)

18) go to the campus bookstore to buy used books

(考点:不带to的不定式)

19) but play bridge the whole day

(考点:同上)

20) to wipe our feet on the mat before going into the room

(考点:当动词see, make, hear等用于被动语态时,不定式要保留to)

七、分词

1) “Happy birthday to you”sung in Italian

(考点:分词作宾语补语)

(catch, discover, feel, find, get, have, hear, keep, leave, make, notice, see, watch等动词常用分词形式作宾语补语)

2) parked in the fire lane

(考点:分词作定语)

3) killing thousands upon thousands of people

(考点:分词作结果状语)

4) raising the average yield by 15 percent

(考点:同上)

5) trying to deduce its operating principle

(考点:分词作伴随状语)

6) Seeing that everyone was bending over his/her book

(考点:分词作原因状语)

7) Deeply moved by the boy’s deeds

(考点:同上)

8) Seen from the eyes of a young friend

(考点:分词作方式状语)

9) Not having heard from his parents for a long time

(考点:1. 分词作原因状语;2.分词的否定形式;3.现在分词的完成式)

八、动名词

1) Taking a cold bath every day

(考点:动名词作主语)

2) making their daughter do what she didn’t like to do

(考点:动名词作动词的宾语)

(下列动词后的宾语只能是动名词而不能是不定式:admit, advise, allow, anticipate, appreciate, avoid, delay, deny, dislike, dread, encourage, enjoy, escape, excuse, fancy, finish, can’t help, imagine, keep, mind, miss, permit, postpone, practice, prevent, propose, recall, recolle ct, resent, resist, risk, can’t stand, stop, suggest)

3) getting our goods into the international market

(考点:动名词作介词的宾语)

4) crying over spilled milk

(考点:动名词用于固定结构。动名词经常与以下词组连用:be worth, have difficulty (in), it be no good/use/worthwhile, there be no need/no point in, how/what about, what’s the point of, what’s the use of)

5) having peeked at his neighbor’s test paper

(考点:动名词的完成式)

6) being promoted to manager

(考点:动名词的被动式)

九、非谓语动词用法区别

1) working very hard.

(考点:mean表示“意味着”)

2) to drive there, but his car broke down

(考点:mean表示“打算”)

(类似需要区别的动词还有forget, remember, regret, go on, stop等)

3) talking to his mother

(考点:强调正在进行)

4) talk to his mother for an hour

(考点:强调整个过程)

5) only to break his own leg

(考点:意料之外的结果)

6) breaking his legs

(考点:意料之中的结果)

7) to see his parents in good health

(考点:不定式作原因状语位于句末)

8) Seeing his parents safe and sound

(考点:分词作原因状语位于句首)

9) Following its footprints

(考点:现在分词强调主动)

10) followed by two body guards

(考点:过去分词强调被动)

十、名词从句

1) Why they left their hometown for Yunnan

(考点:主语从句)

2) What confused me most

(考点:同上)

3) That this was done on purpose

(考点:同上)

4) who should be responsible for this matter

(考点:较长的主语从句可以后置,用it作形式主语)

5) whom Mary is engaged to

(考点:同上)

6) what can be done today

(考点:宾语从句)

7) what I have been looking for

(考点:表语从句)

8) whether/if robots will one day have vision as good as human vision

(考点:whether/if引导后置的主语从句)

9) Whether she likes the present

(考点:whether引导前置的主语从句)

10) whether I should ask for another loan

(考点:whether引导表语从句)

11) whether they will support us

(考点:whether引导宾语从句)

12) whether I can count on your vote

(考点:whether引导同位语从句)

(9-12中的whether不可以替换为if)

13) that the Government could do nothing to raise their wages (考点:同位语从句)

14) that the chairman would agree to this proposal

(考点:同上)

十一、定语从句

1) the house where Lu Xun was born

(考点:先行词为地点,定语从句通常由where引导)

2) on the day when his son arrived

(考点:先行词为时间,定语从句通常由when引导)

3) the reason why I am in favor of this reform

(考点:先行词为reason,定语从句通常由why引导)

4) a triangle whose three sides are of unequal length

(考点:whose引导的定语从句)

5) which made our journey more difficult

(考点:非限制性定语从句)

6) most of whom were English majors

(考点:同上)

7) As is known to all

(考点:as 引导的定语从句)

十二、状语从句

1) Whatever we talk about

(考点:让步状语从句)

2) Whichever side wins

(考点:同上)

3) However hard some people in the audience tried to upset him (考点:同上)

4) so that we might get a better view

(考点:目的状语从句)

5) that it took us nearly two weeks to solve it

(考点:结果状语从句)

6) as long as you promise to be back before 11 at night

(考点:条件状语从句)

7) as if it happened yesterday

(考点:方式状语从句)

十三、比较级最高级

1) as gracefully as her sister

(考点:同级比较)

2) far uglier in London than here

(考点:用副词或词组来修饰比较级)

3) one of the best pictures that he has ever painted

(考点:最高级)

4) the thinner the air becomes

(考点:“越……越……”结构)

十四、倒装句

1) when a knock at the door awakened her

(考点:Hardly…when…结构)

2) than she fell ill

(考点:No sooner…than…结构)

3) Nor did the wife say a word of welcome.

(考点:nor表示“后者与前者一样地不……”)

4) did the doctor realize that his patient needed surgery

(考点:only引导的状语位于句首,句子倒装)

5) can we conclude the business

(考点:同上)

十五、强调句

1) It was Jefferson who wrote

(考点:强调主语)

2) It is with genuine feeling that the author(考点:强调状语)

3) It was because the water had risen that(考点:强调状语从句)

4) It was Jim, the heartless fellow, who was heard(考点:强调主语)

5) It was not until I told her that(考点:强调状语从句)

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