新视野视听说教程第二册quiz5

Part 1 Fill in the blanks with prepositions or adverbs

(每小题:1 分)

Directions: Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with appropriate prepositions or adverbs. Fill in each blank with only ONE word.

1. They believed that the tropical forest could only support a simple hunting-and-gathering way of life while their findings are quite odds with their imagination.

2. While the Internet is a must, television, radio, newspapers, and magazines, which are referred as the media, are also very important in modern life.

3. Boeing said the new plane, which is derived the 767X project, would have a wider body than the existing 767 plane.

4. You need to take stock your particular situation carefully and plan the course of action most likely to work for you.

5. I have to say that there is a great deal to take from what you have said in this report, too much to be done all in a short moment.

6. After a few months' away from home and school, I'm just getting myself back track, building myself up mentally, physically and emotionally.

7. Without the participation of ten thousand workers, completion of such a huge project in so short a period would be the question.

8. In some societies, the first thing people care is quality; in other societies, the first thing on a customer's mind is the cost; and in other countries, the concern is style.

9. One of the stated purposes of the PTA is to bring the home and school closer relationship so that parents and teachers may work together for children.

10. Every morning she was torn the ideas of wearing this or that skirt, and there were just too many choices to be settled at once.

11. Some African Americans shrug the killings with the bitter remark that whites have been killing blacks for years and getting away with it.

12. Experts say that the unnecessary ingredients can be filtered when water is sinking slowly down through the soft ground.

13. For travel within the UK, a student bus card or rail card will entitle you a one-third discount on most fares to museums and exhibitions.

14. My experience in learning English is one real life example of successful learning the classroom walls and formal teaching.

15. He predicted confidently that there would be no shortage volunteers who already acquired the necessary skills to accomplish the task.

Part 2 Cloze (with choices provided)

(每小题:1 分)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four words or expressions given. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage.

Questions 1 to 20 are based on the following passage.

College life is an exciting and challenging undertaking for most students. Living on your own, making (1) missions conclusions divisions decisions for yourself, and having to manage your own finances are just a few of the (2) adventures cultures features attractions of college life. Have a financial plan beforehand, and (3) retain entertain obtain sustain that plan as closely as you can to ensure that you will (4) undergo sustain suspend survive a future financial crisis with the least stress possible.

One of the most important (5) pieces ingredients fragments shares for successfully managing money as a college student is to (6) depict restrict contradict draw your expenses. It is likely that you have never been (7) supported advocated urged notified to budget your own money before, so it can come as quite a (8) hasty nasty pity dusty shock the first time you're faced with that harsh reality. (9) Fake Invent Forge Create a budget by listing your fixed expenses such as rent, tuition, books, utilities and food. Next, make a list of your (10) flexible incredible variable noticeable expenses such as travel, clothes, electronic products and entertainment. (11) Ahead Until Prior Sooner you know what your monthly expenses are, you will not be able to have a realistic (12) ideal eyesight vision illusion of your budget to work with.

Learn to live within your means. Expensive electronics and eating out (13) multiple various

diverse mixed times a week are going to become the past. Make sure that you are meeting your financial (14) duties obligations loads demands before you spend on unnecessary items even though you may (15) cause evolve grow derive pleasure from them. College is probably going to be a time (16) what where when as you make very little money, so try to avoid (17) accumulating storing building assembling debt whenever possible, as it will quickly (18) spoil harm cripple wreck your financial status. Keep a single credit card on hand for emergencies and use it only for (19) weighty urgent forceful powerful needs.

Managing real life expenses is a difficult task for most people, not just college students, but it is important to (20) encourage support maintain nourish your financial thinking at a young age. It will help you to lay the foundation for a secure financial future.

Part 3 Vocabulary and Structure

(每小题:1 分)

Directions: For each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one to complete each sentence.

1. Any technical invention, ________, does not automatically ensure that it can be applied to practice, especially on a large scale.

A. as it may be brilliant

B. brilliant as it may be

C. brilliant however it may be

D. whatever brilliant it may be

2. If you don't want to play basketball in the rain with us, you ________ as well stay home watching football games on the TV.

A. should

B. may

C. can

D. would

3. Not for a moment ________ the truth of the report from the daily newspaper. However, it turned out to be a forged story.

A. we have doubted

B. did we doubt

C. we had doubted

D. doubted we

4. ________ it is, a dream or a scientific fact, all thinkers about the space travel have agreed on one thing: The trip is worth taking.

A. Whatever

B. Whoever

C. Whosever

D. Whichever

5. The best way for children to overcome the difficulty is by getting themselves properly informed, ________ they are less dependent on other people's advice.

A. as

B. so

C. such

D. that

6. Considering the rapid increase of private cars and the reconstruction of many new roads, it was my proposal that new traffic regulation ________ drafted.

A. be

B. to be

C. were

D. being

7. The new Lenovo laptop with the butterfly keyboard and the built-in FAX modem is a very modern and pretty ________ machine.

A. profound

B. significant

C. fundamental

D. sophisticated

8. The house needs to be remodeled, but ________ the terms of the contract signed, the tenant must get prepared to do it himself, not the landlord.

A. in the consequences of

B. in accordance with

C. in the quest of

D. in collaboration with

9. Since the safety issue for school children has become more concerned by the public, in certain countries the law ________ parents to send their children to school.

A. obliges

B. conforms

C. imposes

D. submits

10. AIDS has become one of the first killers to human beings. Despite their lack of success so far, scientists have ________ in their research for a cure for AIDS.

A. suspended

B. retained

C. insisted

D. persevered

Part 4 Fill in the blanks with the help of the first letter(s)

(每小题:1 分)

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the help of the first letter(s).

1. Public to the film in Germany has obviously been divided, as there are both people who like it and people who hate it.

(Suggested first letter(s): rea )

2. It is said that in very early Chinese societies, farmers employed primitive techniques of and shifted their villages as the soils became exhausted.

(Suggested first letter(s): cul )

3. Several studies have observed an increase in the risk of certain cancers among people who frequently too much sweet food such as chocolate.

(Suggested first letter(s): con )

4. This kind of flower is very pretty and colorful, which blooms first every year, much earlier than any other kinds of flowers, just like the of spring.

(Suggested first letter(s): me )

5. The girl is tired of her study and the stress caused by various challenges. Therefore, she has made up her mind to go abroad with her boyfriend despite her parents' .

(Suggested first letter(s): ob )

Part 5 Reading comprehension

(每小题:2 分)

Directions: Read the following passages carefully. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished sentences. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the best answer to each question.

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the same passage or dialog.

Once a year or so I give myself a day away. On the eve of my day of absence, I inform housemates, my family and close friends that I will not be reachable for 24 hours; then I shut off the cell phone.

I sit for at least an hour in a very hot tub; then I lay out my clothes in preparation for my morning escape, and knowing that nothing will disturb me, I sleep the sleep of the just. In the morning I wake naturally, for I will have set no clock. I dress in comfortable shoes and casual clothes and leave my house going no place. If I am living in a city, I wander streets, window-shop, or gaze at buildings. I enter and leave public parks, libraries, and movie houses. I stay in no place for very long. Every person needs to take one day away, a day in which one consciously separates the past from the future. Jobs, family, employers, and friends can exist one day without any one of us, or perhaps they could exist forever in our absence. Each person deserves a day away in which no problems are confronted, no solutions searched for. Each of us needs to withdraw from the cares which will not withdraw from us. We need hours of aimless wandering or spaces of time sitting on park benches, observing the mysterious world of ants. If we step away for a time, we are not, as many may think and some will criticize, being irresponsible, but rather we are preparing ourselves to more skillfully perform our duties and to be more responsible. When I return home, I am always surprised to find some questions I sought to avoid had been answered in my absence.

A day away acts as a cup of hot coffee or tea since it can boost our energy and renew the spirit.

1. What is the main purpose of this passage?

A. To entertain readers with a story of an unusual day.

B. To inform readers how to organize a day away from home.

C. To persuade readers to take some time off for themselves.

D. To describe to readers what it is like to discover a city.

2. The words "casual", "wonder", and "gaze" in paragraph 2 suggest a feeling of ________.

A. determination.

B. relaxation.

C. depression.

D. excitement.

3. The narrator would lay out her clothes the night before her day away so that she ________.

A. wouldn't forget what she wanted to wear

B. wouldn't have to make a decision in the morning

C. would be able to sleep late in the morning

D. would be as well dressed as possible

4. Which statement best describes the narrator's motivation for "a day away?"

A. We will lose our places in the universe.

B. I sleep the sleep of the just.

C. I want to forget for a while.

D. Friends can exist one day without any one of us.

5. Which of the following is the main theme of the passage?

A. Self-energizing is necessary.

B. Time is of the most importance.

C. Problems will be automatically resolved.

D. A single decision has many consequences.

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the same passage or dialog.

For most of human history, people thought the world was flat. That is, they thought that if you travelled far enough in one direction, you would eventually come to the edge of the world. Then, about two thousand years ago, people started to come up with the theory that the earth was round. This meant that by traveling far enough in a straight line, you would eventually come back to where you started. It wasn't until the sixteenth century that Ferdinand Magellan's expedition became the first to travel around the world. The expedition first sailed west from Portugal, around South America, across the Pacific, before returning around South Africa back to Portugal. Although Magellan died during the voyage, one of his captains, Sebastian de Cano, made it all the way. In 1872, the French science fiction author Jules Verne published a book called Around the World in 80 Days. The novel was about a man who travels around the world, starting from London, to win a bet. In 1889, an American journalist, Nellie Bly, was sent by her newspaper to complete the journey taken by the characters in Verne's book. She traveled around the world, sending articles back to her newspaper about her journey. She finally arrived back home after her trip, taking 72 days, six hours, eleven minutes, and fourteen second to go around the world. Even though traveling around the world today is very easy, and can be done in one or two days by plane, people are still interested in breaking records. From 1970 to 1974, an American, Dave

Kunst, was the first person to walk around the world. He wore out twenty-one pairs of shoes on his trip! The first airplane flight around the world took place in 1924, completed by Lt. Lowell H. Smith and five other American pilots, and the first solo helicopter flight around the world was done by an Australian explorer, Dick Smith, in 1982-1983. As for a nonstop balloon flight all the way around the world, this wasn't completed until 2002, when Steve Fossett eventually succeeded after many attempts.

6. What was the theory that the earth was round based on?

A. You would eventually come to the edge of the world.

B. You would eventually come to the edge of the ocean.

C. You would eventually come back to where you started.

D. You would eventually come back to where you ended.

7. Everyone went on a journey around the world except ________.

A. Ferdinand Magellan

B. Jules Verne

C. Nellie Bly

D. Steve Fossettt

8. What did Jules Verne and Nellie Bly have in common?

A. They both travelled around the world.

B. They were both American.

C. They both wrote about traveling around the world.

D. They were both journalists.

9. Which is the significance of David Kunst's journey?

A. He wore out a lot of shoes.

B. He took four years to complete it.

C. He traveled through twenty-one countries.

D. He set a world record by walking around the world.

10. What is the main idea of the passage?

A. The history of travelling around the world.

B. The comparison of travelling.

C. The heroes of world travelling.

D. The discovery of the world.

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the same passage or dialog.

The Tour de France (环法自行车赛) is the most famous cycling race in the world. The race, which is held in July every year, consists of twenty one-day stages, plus several rest days. The course follows a clockwise route around France and often neighboring countries. The winner is the rider who completes all twenty stages of the race in the shortest overall time. The Tour de France first started on July 1, 1903, when sixty cyclists left outside of Paris and rode 467 kilometers to Lyon

(里昂). At that time there were no rest days –the winner was the rider who finished the race in the shortest total time. The winner of the first Tour de France received 2,000 francs (法郎). It took him 94 hours and 33 minutes to ride all 2,428 kilometers of the race, three hours faster than the runner-up. Over the weeks during which the race was run, the idea of the Tour de France slowly caught on with the people of France. The race has been held every year since that time, except during the years of World Wars I and II. The Tour de France has developed several special honors for which racers compete. The highest honor is the "yellow jersey (球衣)." Henri Desgranges, the founder of the race, introduced the yellow jersey in 1919 to show the leading racer each day of the Tour de France. Each day, the officials who keep track of all riders' times compare each rider's total time up to that point. The racer with the lowest overall time wears the yellow jersey during the following day's race. Other honors include the "green jersey," which is given to the best sprinter, and the "polka dot jersey," a white jersey with red dots, for the best rider in the mountains along the route. Over the years of the race, the competitors have gained a reputation for good sportsmanship. For example, if a lead rider falls off his bike, it is common for the following riders to slow down to allow the fallen rider to catch up. Some watchers are just surprised by this.

11. Who wins the Tour de France?

A. The cyclist with the most points

B. The cyclist with the shortest overall time

C. The cyclist who finishes a clockwise route

D. The cyclist with the polka dot jersey

12. Today, the Tour de France is different from the original race because cyclists ________.

A. ride in a clockwise direction

B. receive money as a prize

C. have days to rest during the race

D. have to ride for over 2,000 kilometers

13. Who was Henri Desgranges?

A. A famous cyclist

B. A caféowner

C. The man who won the first Tour de France

D. The man who had the idea for the Tour de France

14. Who wears the yellow jersey?

A. The fastest cyclist of the previous day

B. The fastest overall cyclist up to that time

C. The fastest cyclist over short distances

D. The winner from the year before

15. What is this passage mainly about?

A. Famous Tour de France winners

B. Sportsmanship in the Tour de France

C. The rules and history of the Tour de France

D. Techniques of the Tour de France cyclists

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the same passage or dialog.

Oil is essential for modern life. About 64 percent of the world's oil is located in the Middle East. The problem lies in getting the oil from the countries that produce it to the countries that consume it. This is mainly done using oil tankers. There are roughly 4,000 oil tankers in use today, and every day more than 100 million tons of oil is shipped. Usually this oil is shipped safely and with no problems, but occasionally there is a disaster. Every year millions of tons of oil are spilled into the ocean. This spilled oil can have terrible effects on ocean life, including the coastlines where the oil washes up onto shore. Some of the largest spills in history have been caused by oil tankers running into each other or by an oil tanker running onto the rocks in water. After these spills, officials try to discover who or what was at fault to help prevent similar accidents in the future. One of the worst oil spills in history occurred along the Alaskan coastline in 1989, when the tanker stuck on the coast of Alaska, spilling 42 million liters of oil. Although it wasn't the largest oil spill of all time, the disaster was terrible because it occurred in such a sensitive natural area. In this spill, the tanker's captain, who was tired from overwork and drinking alcohol, had gone to take a rest. He gave control of the ship to another sailor, who was unfamiliar with the route the ship was taking. Unfortunately, the ship ran onto a natural underwater rock wall near the Alaskan coast. Damaged by the rock, the ship leaked oil out into the ocean. More than 1,600 kilometers of coastline were affected by the oil spill. Some scientists who studied nature in the area estimate that 580,000 birds and 5,500 otters died as a result of the oil from the spill covering their skin. Smaller shellfish and other sea creatures living on the ocean floor were also affected, and these creatures were later eaten by seals, whales, and other animals.

16. What is the main concern talking about oil?

A. Most of the world's oil is located in the Middle East.

B. There are too many oil tankers being used today.

C. It is hard to send oil to the countries that consume it.

D. Oil is difficult to deal with in modern life.

17. According to the passage, oil spills ________.

A. may involve one or two tankers

B. usually occur during war time

C. usually occur along the coastline

D. are cause by wildlife

18. Why did the sailor run onto the rock wall?

A. He was very tired.

B. He didn't know the area very well.

C. He was somewhat drunk.

D. He was watching carelessly.

19. What is true about the Alaskan spill?

A. More otters were killed than birds.

B. Birds died from eating the oil.

C. It was the worst oil spill of all the time.

D. Seals and whales were affected.

20. What is the main idea of the passage?

A. The worst oil spills in history.

B. The ocean life affected by oil spills.

C. How oil spills often occur.

D. The negative consequence of oil spills.

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the same passage or dialog.

Diamonds! Even the word seems to shine. Diamonds have been fascinating people for centuries. Ancient people believed the stones had magical powers. Kings and queens have worn them to display power and wealth. Brides-to-be have received them as tokens of love for at least 500 years. Luck, power, wealth, love —people have sought these and more in diamonds. The first diamonds were discovered in India more than 2,000 years ago. Because of their hardness, diamonds could not be polished as easily as other gems (宝石). Ancient Indian rulers wore the unpolished stones. Some Indians carried knives with edges and tips of diamond. Indians also use tools made with diamonds to cut hard materials. Centuries later, people discovered that diamonds —and only diamonds —can cut other diamonds. They began shaping and polishing the gems by rubbing one diamond against another. The flat surfaces that resulted made the diamonds more shining than other stones. Hand polishing was slow, difficult work which could cause injury rubbing the hard stones against one another. Later, a flat, revolving disk coated with diamond dust was used. It was turned by hand. Today a polisher uses a similar piece of equipment turned by a machine. A boy in what is now South Africa made one of the most important diamond discoveries of all time. One day in 1867, Erasmus Jacobs, 15, was resting beside a river when he saw a shining stone. He took the stone home, and his mother later gave it away. The stone turned out to be a diamond nearly as large as a golf ball. It was the first recorded discovery of a diamond in Africa. That find started a diamond rush, which continues to the present. Today South Africa is a major diamond supplier. Africa and Russia now are the sources of most of the world's diamonds. When most of us think of diamonds, we think of the expensive gems in rings and necklaces. Diamonds are valuable because they are rare and beautiful. To obtain an ounce of diamonds, miners must move many tons of rock. Then the diamonds are sorted by size, shape, color and clarity. Only one out of five rough diamonds is cut into a gem.

21. People first cut diamonds ________.

A. 2,000 years ago

B. centuries after diamonds were first discovered

C. in the 1800s

D. about 500 years ago

22. When Erasmus Jacobs found the sparkling stone by the river, ________.

A. he knew it was a diamond because it was shining

B. he sold it thinking it's precious

C. he took it home to give it to his mother

D. he left it by the river but came back later to get it

23. What is indirectly said about a person who cuts diamonds?

A. He can expect to hurt his hands when rubbing and polishing the stones.

B. He can ruin a good stone due to the lack of the tool to cut it.

C. He should work in the diamond mines so that he can choose the best stones.

D. He must be able to create beautiful jewelry.

24. What can be inferred from this passage?

A. Most diamonds are found by rivers.

B. Most diamonds are found in ocean caves.

C. Most diamonds are dug out of deep mines.

D. Most diamonds are made into jewelry.

25. What is the main idea of the passage?

A. Diamonds shine because of the way they are cut.

B. Why diamonds are so valuable and rare.

C. Most diamonds are found in Africa and Asia.

D. The precious diamonds have a long history.

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