Electronic Teaching Portfolio
Unit Two: Love
Part I Get Started
Section A Discussion
▇Sit in groups of threes or fours and discuss the following questions.
1) Do you think love and marriage are important matters in our life? Why or why not?
2) Dating and courtship is a common scene at college now. What do you think of it?
3) What do you think are the most important factors that contribute to a stable love relationship? Give your reasons.
▇ Answers for reference:
1)Yes. It is human nature to feel attraction and affection between different sexes. A life without love is often
regarded as imperfect. Those who are in love would long to stay together, and families resulting from love usually lay the foundation for a stable society.
2)I t’s OK to start dating at college, because college students are already grown-ups in the legal sense. No
one has the right to interfere in such private matters. However, students’ top priority at college is to study and acquire knowledge and skills for their future careers. Dating and courtship will interfere with their studies. Therefore, some students tend to hold themselves back even if there are opportunities to start a romantic relationship.
3)Many factors may contribute to a stable love relationship. Wealth, social status, appearances, family
background, etc. may be considered as the external factors, which may help promote a love relationship.
Wisdom, knowledge, character, personalities, etc. are the internal factors. Love based on external factors alone may not last long. Love based on the internal factors will survive whatever challenges or crises it may encounter. When two persons are in love, they should respect each other and be honest and faithful to each other. In essence, trust and understanding are the key factors that contribute to a successful love relationship.
Section B Quotes
▇Study the following quotes about love. Which quote(s) do you like best? Why?
⊙The course of true love never did run smooth.
—— William Shakespeare Interpretation:
Shakespeare believes that a true relationship is not easy to establish. People have different personalities, concepts of value, preferences of life style, etc. When two persons of the opposite sex develop a love relationship, they have to try their best to understand each other and reconcile with each other.
About William Shakespeare:
William Shakespeare (1564-616): an English writer of plays and poems, who is generally regarded as the greatest of all English writers. His many famous plays include the tragedies Romeo and Juliet (《罗密欧与朱丽叶》), Hamlet (《哈姆雷特》), Julius Caesar (《裘力斯·凯撒》), Macbeth (《麦克白》), Othello (《奥
瑟罗》), and King Lear (《李尔王》); the comedies A Midsummer Night’s Dream (《仲夏夜之梦》), Twelfth Night (《第十二夜》), and As You Like It（皆大欢喜》).
⊙To fear love is to fear life, and those who fear life are already three parts dead.
—— Bertrand Russell Interpretation:
Here Russell emphasizes the importance of an active attitude towards love. We should not be afraid to fall in love just because it is not easy to find true love or just because of any possible setbacks. A life without love is as dull as a dying man because he lacks the energy and passion to enjoy life.
About Bertrand Russell:
Bertrand Russell (1872-970): a British philosopher and mathematician who developed new ideas connecting mathematics and logic. He is also known for being a pacifist (和平主义者). He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1950.
⊙Where does the family start? It starts with a young man falling in love with a girl — no superior alternative has yet been found.
—— Sir Winston Churchill Interpretation:
The quotation emphasizes that true love is the only basis upon which a happy family is built. Only when the man and the woman love each other dearly and devotedly can they endure trials and tribulations in their common effort to build up a happy family.
Sir Winston Churchill
About Sir Winston Churchill:
Sir Winston Churchill (1874-965): a British statesman, soldier, and author who was Prime Minister during most of World War II and again from 1951 to 1955. He is remembered and admired by most British people as a great leader who made possible Britain’s victory in the war. He is also famous for the many speeches he made during the war. In 1953 Churchill was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for his writing and oratory (演讲术).
⊙It is not how much we do, but how much love we put in the doing. It is not how much we give, but how much love we put in the giving.
—— Mother Teresa Interpretation:
The quotation tells us the significant role that love plays in everything we do in life. Whatever we do, we should put adequate love into it so that others can feel our love and be affected by our love. What we can offer to others may be insignificant, but as long as there is love in it, the benefit will be significant. Here, love is
understood in a broad sense.
About Mother Teresa:
Mother Teresa (1910-997): an Albanian (阿尔巴尼亚) Roman Catholic nun (修女) who lived in India, where she worked to help the poor and the sick in the city of Calcutta (加尔各答). She won the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1979, and people think of her as a typical example of someone who is kind, unselfish, and morally good. Section C Watching and Discussion
▇He's Just Not That Into You is a 2009 romantic comedy film about how nine people in Baltimore deal with their romantic problems. Watch the following video clip extracted from this film and then complete the tasks that follow:
1.Pay attention to what the woman says in the video clip and fill in the missing words.
I. See, you can’t keep being nice to me and I can’t keep pretending like this is something that it’s not.
We’ve been t ogether over seven years. You know me. You know who I am. You either wanna marry me or you don’t.
II. …for every woman that has been told by some man that he doesn’t believe in marriage and then six months later, he’s married to some twenty-four-year-old that he met at the gym.
III. It’s coming from the place that I have been hiding from you for about five years. About five years because I haven’t wanted to seem demanding, and I haven’t wanted to seem clingy or psycho or
whatever. So I have never asked you.
2.What can you infer from the conversation between the man and the woman in the video clip?
▇Answers for reference:
BETH：Now. I want you to stop doing anything nice.
NEIL: This feels like a trick.
BETH: No. No. I just, I just need you to stop being nice to me —unless you’re gonna marry me after.
BETH: Is that funny? Do you think that’s funny?
NEIL: No. I guess it is not funny.
BETH:See, you can’t keep being nice to me and I can’t keep pretending like this is something that it’s not.
We’ve been together for over seven years. You know me. You know who I am. You either wanna marry me or you don’t.
NEIL: Or there is the possibility that I mean it when I say I don’t believe in marriage.
BETH: Bullshit! Bullshit! Come on! Bullshit for every woman that has been told by some man that he doesn’t believe in marriage and then six months later, he’s married to some twenty-four-year-old that he met at the gym. It’s just —it’s Bullshit.
(Beth tries to hold back her tears. Neil looks stunned and goes to her.)
NEIL: Where is this coming from?
BETH: It’s coming f rom the place that I have been hiding from you for about five years. About five years because I haven’t wanted to seem demanding, and I haven’t wanted to seem clingy or psycho or
whatever. So I have never asked you. But I — but I — I have to. I mean, are you — are you ever going to marry me?
Part II Listen and Respond
Section A Word Bank(无)
Section B Task One: Focusing on the Main Ideas
Choose the best answer to each of the following questions according to the information contained in the listening passage.
1) Where did the woman see the three old men?
A) In front of her store.
B) In her front yard.
C) In her dream.
D) In her doorway.
2) Who were the three old men respectively?
A) Success, Hope and Wealth.
B) Faith, Hope, and Love.
C) Wealth, Faith and Success.
D) Love, Success and Wealth.
3) Whom did the family invite in?
D) All of the above.
4) How many of the old men would like to go into the house?
5) What is the main idea of the passage?
A) Where there is love, there is wealth and success.
B) One cannot live without wealth, love and success.
C) Love is as important as wealth and success.
D) Wealth and success are what people pursue most eagerly.
▇ Answers for Reference:
1) B 2) D 3) B 4) C 5) A
Section C Task Two: Zooming in on the Details
▇Listen to the recording again and fill in each of the blanks according to what you have heard.
1) The woman thought that the three old men must be ____________, so she invited them to come in and have
2) The old men said that they did not go into a house ________________.
3) The husband wished to invite ________________, but the woman did not agree and wished to have
_____________ , while their daughter suggested: “____________________________________?”
4) The woman came out and asked: “Which one of you is________? Please come in and be our________.”
5) The other two old men also got up and followed, which_________ the woman.
6) One old man t old the woman: “If you had invited _________ or _________, the other two of us would
1) The woman thought that the three old men must be hungry, so she invited them to come in and have
something to eat.
2) The old men said that they did not go into a house together.
3) The husband wished to invite Wealth, but the woman did not agree and wished to have Success, while their
daughter suggested: “Wouldn’t it be better to invite Love?”
4) The woman came out and asked: “Which one of yo u is Love? Please come in and be our guest.”
5) The other two old men also got up and followed, which surprised the woman.
6) One old man told the woman: “If you had invited Wealth or Success, the other two of us would have
A woman saw three old men sitting in her front yard. She said, “I don’t think I know you, but you must be hungry. Please come in and have something to eat.”
“We do not go into a house together,” they replied.
“Why is that?” she wanted to know.
On e of the old men explained: “His name is Wealth, this is Success, and I am Love.” Then he added, “Now go in and discuss with your husband which one of us you want in your home.”
Then the woman went in and told her husband what was said. Her husband said, “Let’s invite Wealth. Let him come and fill our home with wealth.” His wife disagreed, “My dear, why don’t we invite Success?” Then the daughter made a suggestion: “Wouldn’t it be better to invite Love? Our home will then be filled with love.” “Let’s take our daughter’s advice,” said the father.
So the woman went out and asked, “Which one of you is Love? Please come in and be our guest.” Love got up and started walking toward the house. The other two also got up and followed him. Surprised, the lady asked W ealth and Success: “I only invited Love. Why are you coming in?”
The old men replied together: “If you had invited Wealth or Success, the other two of us would have stayed out, but since you invited Love, wherever HE goes, we go with him. Wherever there is Love, there is also Wealth and Success.”
Part III Read and Explore
Section A Discovering the Main Ideas
1. Answer the following questions with the information contained in Text A.
1) Is “love” easy to define? Why or why not?
2) How does the au thor describe “puppy loves”?
3) What does it take for love to develop into maturity?
4) What helped preserve the holiness of love in the author’s parents’ generation?
5) What negative roles do the media play in forming the younger generation’s view of lov e?
6) What do young people today tend to value in relationships? What does the author think they should value? ▆ Answers for Reference:
1) No. It is because love is a feeling that can only be felt but cannot be clearly described.
2) “Puppy loves” are brief, silly, adventurous but harmless.
3) Love takes time to blossom and it takes a lot of understanding, caring, sharing and affection to develop
4) It was the distance between men and women that helped preserve the holiness of love in the author’s
5) The media have exposed the younger generation to things that have fast paced their sensibilities so much
that taking things slow requires effort.
6) They tend to value physical beauty, closeness, passion and acquiring. The author thinks that they should
value inner charm, intimacy, emotion and sharing.
2.Text A can be divided into four parts with the paragraph number(s) of each part provided as follows. Write down the main idea of each part.
Paragraph(s) Main Idea
Part One 1-2 ________________________________________________
________________________________________________ Part Two 3-7 ________________________________________________
________________________________________________ Part Three 8-12 ________________________________________________
________________________________________________ Part Four 13-14 ________________________________________________
▆ Answers for Reference:
Paragraph(s) Main Idea
Part One 1-2 Love is hard to define because it can only be felt but not described.
Part Two 3-7 The author discusses love of different depths from her own experiences.
Part Three 8-12 The two generations handle love and relationships differently. The younger generation tends to be more hasty and selfish in building relationships.
Part Four 13-14 The author advises young people to learn the essence of love and find ways to develop relationships into lifelong bonds.
Section B In-Depth Study
Love is an overwhelming joy that is beyond description. It is human nature to yearn for and indulge in love, but true love takes a lot of understanding, much sharing and caring, and plenty of affection. What is true love? How deep is your love? The author shares her views with the younger generation on these questions.
How Deep Is Your Love?
1Love to some is like a cloud
To some as strong as steel
For some a way of living
For some a way to feel
And some say love is holding on
And some say let it go
And some say love is everything
Some say they don’t know
2 At some stage or the other in our lives we experience the gnawing pangs of an emotion which defies definition. It’s a feeling that can only be felt and not described. An overwhelming joy that comes together with its share of sadness. Love.
3 Given the busy nature of our lives, it’s to be appreciated that we even find the time to ind ulge in matters of the heart.But at the same time I wonder if we even understand its true depth. I remember having countless crushes while in school. My math teacher, our neighbour’s son, my best friend’s brother and lots of others whom I fancied for the colour of their eyes, the shape of their moustaches or just the way they walked. Harmless puppy loves that are as brief as soap bubbles. I can laugh about all those silly and adventurous thoughts and acts now but at that time nothing could be more serious an affair for me. Then came the stage of real relationships.
4 Being in an all girls’ school I hardly had the opportunity to interact with members of the opposite gender. Socials between our school and the boys’ college, therefore, would be awaited anxio usly. Those three hours of unhesitant attention by a group of well-groomed young gentlemen provided us with enough content to talk and feel exhilarated about for the next four weeks.
5 And even then there was no real need of having a boyfriend.
6 I somehow grew up believing that love would happen when it had to. And sure enough it did. It came at an age when I had a career, a long-term plan and a more or less settled life (and now I am not yet 25!). I was mature enough to enter a relationship which demands a lot of give and not so much of take.
7 Love was a magnificent building I built on the foundation of friendship. It took time to blossom. It took a lot of understanding, loads of sharing and caring, and plenty of affection to become what it is today. And it meant a meeting of minds. You might say that I belong to the traditional school of romance. But in my opinion, love needs to be nurtured. And it has to be distinguished from the intense but short-lived love or the pleasures of the flesh.
8 Our p arents’ generation was fed lavishly with ideals. It was an era of constraints, restraints, respect, admiration, and plenty of romance. The long skirts, the quiet and unpretentious looks, the curled long hair, the calmness, the shy glance—these are all so frequently remindful of a bygone era. An age when the distance between the sexes somehow managed to help preserve the holiness of love and relationships.
9 The younger generation, with its openness and fading lines of proximity, has jumped on the bandwagon of love with so much haste that it is difficult for them to distinguish between physical attraction and mental compatibilities. What we have been exposed to via the media have fast paced our sensibilities so much that taking things slow requires effort on our parts.
10 I am amazed when I hear stories of school kids bragging about the number of physical relationships they have had. I am horrified to learn that girls barely eighteen have already been in and out of seven to eight “hook ups”.
11 I am sorry to learn about the kind of emotional baggage these kids are carrying in what are purely unemotional relationships. Some might blame the current state of affairs on peer pressure. But has anyone ever stopped to figure out where this peer pressure originates? Do any of us try and understand who is responsible for this shift? Does anyone bother to study the state of mind of the teenagers?
12 The mindset of this generation is all too evident in the way it handles its personal life.There are more relationships being distorted under the pressures of lust than ever before. There is more focus on physical beauty than on inner charm. There is more of closeness and less of intimacy. There is more of passion and less of emotion. There is more of acquiring and less of sharing. There is more of opportunism and less of selflessness.In short, there is more of ME and less of US.
13 We have hardened ourselves so much in this competitive age that we have forgotten the essence of relationships. There’s much more to being someone’s lover than gifting them red roses and fifty-cent cards. What about gifting our object of affection, our time, our company, our support, our friendship? What about setting priorities in our lives and focusing on each with sincerity? What about trying to be self-sufficient emotionally before letting ourselves loose? What about giving ourselves, and others, time and space to forge relationships? What about working towards meaningful and lasting friendships? What about honouring our commitments? What about channeling our energies and emotions towards building lifelong bonds rather
than wasting them on seasonal relationships?
14 We have but one life and we must experience everything that can make us stronger. True love happens once in a lifetime. And we should not have become so tired by our frivolous acts that when it comes we aren’t able to receive it with open arms.
Good Usage (Paras. 1-2)
is holding on
let it go
at some stage or the other
a feeling that can only be felt and not described
an overwhelming joy
Good Usage (Para. 3)
given the busy nature of our lives
having countless crushes
the way they walked
harmless puppy loves
as brief as soap bubbles
nothing could be more serious an affair for me
Good Usage (Paras. 4-5)
the opposite gender
well-groomed young gentlemen
provided us with enough content
feel excited about
there was no real need of…
Good Usage (Paras. 6-7)
happen when it had to
It came at an age when…
a more or less settled life
demands a lot of give and not so much of take
loads of sharing and caring
a meeting of minds
the traditional school of romance
be distinguished from
the intense but short-lived love
Good Usage (Para. 8)
our parents’ generation
was fed lavishly with ideals
are …remindful of
a bygone era
Good Usage (Paras. 9-10)
has jumped on the bandwagon of love
physical attraction and mental compatibilities
have been exposed to
have fast paced
taking things slow requires effort on our parts
Good Usage (Paras.11-12)
all too evident
the current affairs
is responsible for this shift
the state of mind of
handle its personal life
under the pressures of lust
There is more focus on … than on …
Good Usage (Para.13)
this competitive age
our object of affection
be self-sufficient emotionally
letting ourselves loose
working towards meaningful and lasting friendships honouring our commitments
channeling our energies and emotions towards
Good Usage (Para.14)
True love happens once in a lifetime.
receive … with open arms
Key Words and Expressions for Text A
hold on continue in spite of difficulties 继续（坚持）下去
e.g. 1. It’s a difficult task, but if we hold on we’ll succeed in the end.
2. We should hold on to our business during the recession.
defy vt. make impossible or unsuccessful; refuse to obey 使不可能，使落空；违抗
e.g. 1. The forest fire spread so fast that it defied any attempt to control it.
2. These criminals who had defied the law were eventually punished.
defy the authority 反抗权威
defy the government 蔑视政府
defy severe cold 不畏严寒
CF: oppose, defy & resist
* This new plan has been stubbornly opposed since it was put forward.
* He defied the court order by leaving the country.
* Our troopers are resisting the enemy’s attacks.
The little boy couldn’t resist the temptation and ate up all the cake.
given prep. if one takes into account 如果考虑到，倘若
e.g. 1. Given (the fact) that they’re inexperienced, they’ve done a good job.
2. Given the company’s poor achievement in the fi rst half of the year, we decided that the investment
be left aside.
interact vi.[(with)] (of people) act together or co-operatively, esp. so as to communicate with each other;act or have an effect on each other [常与with连用] （指人）一起活动或互相合作（尤指为互相联系）；互相作用；互相影响
e.g. 1. Language teachers should know how to interact with their students in class.
2. Teachers should interact with students frequently to ensure a good class atmosphere.
give and take willi ngness of each person to give way to (some of ) the other’s wishes; willingness to compromise 互相让步（迁就）；妥协
e.g. 1. There has to be a lot of give and take in any successful marriage.
2. If the dispute is to be resolved there must be some give and take.
build … on/upon base on 建立在……之上
e.g. 1. Don’t build your hopes on his promises; he never keeps his word.
2. A good marriage should be built on mutual understanding.
affection n. fondness; gentle lasting love, like that of a parent for a child 感情；挚爱，钟爱，（父母对子女的）慈爱
e.g. 1. The old man has a deep and strong affection for the town where he grew up.
2. The old man felt great affection for his granddaughter.
CF: affection, love & attachment
* Father looked at his little daughter in the white wedding dress with great affection and a little sadness. love比affection的语气更强。表示一种难以控制的激情。例：
* The young pair are in love with each other.
* I never realize my attachment to the comforts of home until I have to leave it.
ideal n. [often pl.] (a belief in) high principles or perfect standards [常用复数]理想
e.g. 1. She’s spent her whole life in pursui t of her ideal of becoming a well-known writer.
2. He finds it hard to live up to his ideals.
era n. period in history marked by an important event or development （以重大事件或重要发展为标志的）历史时期，时代
e.g. 1. The Tang Dynasty was an era of prosperity in the history of China.
2. Some say the computer has ushered in a new era.
restraint n. [C (on)] sth. that restrains; restriction; [U] often apprec the quality of being restrained or restraining oneself [常与on连用]限制（物）；〖常褒〗克制，抑制，遏制
e.g. 1. Lack of space is the main restraint on the firm’s business expansion.
2. As they grow older, kids begin to rebel against the restraints imposed by their parents.
curl vt. twist into or form a curl or curls 使弯曲
e.g. 1. She kicked off her shoes and curled her feet under her.
2. He yawned and curled his body and fell alseep.
preserve vt. [(from)] prevent (sb. or sth.) from being harmed or destroyed [常与from连用]保护；保存（使免受破坏）
e.g. 1. There is much we can do to preserve the environment from being polluted.
2. What can we do to preserve the natural resources from ruin?
haste n. [U] too much speed, often with bad or unwanted results; quick movement or action, esp. when one has very little time to do sth.; speed 过速，急忙；性急；匆忙，仓促
e.g. 1. In his haste to leave, he almost forgot to say goodbye to his host.
2. More haste, less speed.
via prep. by means of; using 通过，借助于
e.g. 1. I frequently send messages to my friends via my mobile phone.
2. The Olympics were telecast live via satellite.
horrify vt. shock greatly; fill with horror使震惊；使感到恐怖
e.g. 1. I’ve seen this kind of disasters so many times that this latest one just doesn’t horrify me any more.
2. The pictures of the car crash horrified us.
state of affairs circumstances or conditions; situation 情况；局势
e.g. 1. They’ve lost everything in the floods—it’s a sad state of affairs.
2. The present state of affairs cannot be allowed to go on.
acquire vt. gain (sth.) by one’s own ability, efforts or behaviour （靠自己的能力、努力或行为而）获得，得到（某事物）
e.g. 1. She has acquired a good knowledge of English by self-study.
2. Some people go back for their education to acquire another degree or diploma to impress the society.
CF: acquire, obtain, gain & get
acquire 强调通过不断的、持续的努力而获得某物，也指日积月累地渐渐地获得。书面语用词。例：* It takes years to acquire a good knowledge of English.
* He always manages to obtain what he wants.
* Recently he gained a small fortune in real estate.
* I got nothing but trouble for my efforts.
in short put it into as few words as possible; all I mean is 简单地说；总而言之
e.g. 1. The baby cried and cried day and night and often fell sick; in short, the new-born gave them no peace.
2. In short, the book was an exciting story about a detective.
sincerity n. [U] the quality of being sincere; honesty and lack of deceit 诚挚，真诚，诚意
e.g. 1. I may say in all sincerity that your help is very valuable.
2. We were impressed by his sincerity and hospitality.
let sb. loose (on sth.) allow sb. to deal with sth. in their own way 让……任意（放手）行动
e.g. 1. He’s too young to behave properly; you shouldn’t let him loose.
2. Father let his son loose on the family business after his retirement.
forge vt. form by heating and hammering; fig create (usu. a lasting relationship) by means of much hard work; make a copy of (sth.) in order to deceive 锻造；〖比喻〗（靠艰苦工作）建立（通常为长期关系）；伪造；假冒
e.g. 1. True unity and friendship can only be forged through trials and tribulations.
2. Their long-term reciprocal relationship is forged by the both sides.
Difficult Sentences for Text A
1. Given the busy nature of our lives, it’s to be appreciated that we even find the time to indulge in matters of
the heart. (Para. 3)
Q: Paraphrase this sentence.
A: Taking into account that we are all busy satisfying our material needs, we should feel grateful that we still have the time to enjoy the feeling of loving and being loved.
2. Those three hours of unhesitant attention by a group of well-groomed young gentlemen provided with enough content to talk and feel excited about for the next four weeks. (Para. 4)
Q: What usually would happen at the social? What usually would happen to the girls after the social?
A: At the social those neatly dressed boys would never hesitate to pay attention to the girls or to attract the girls’ attention. After the social, the girls always felt excited and would keep on talking about the social experience for weeks.
3. There is more of closeness and less of intimacy. (Para. 12)
Q: What does this sentence imply?
A: People in love can contact each other more easily, but they aren’t as spiritually close to each other as before.
4. In short, there is more of ME and less of US. (Para. 12)
Q: What does this sentence mean?
A: Today young people handle love in a more self-centered way, only concerned with their own feelings and even interests in an affair, forgetting that love also needs sharing and giving.
▇ Extended questions (Paras. 1-2)
Q: Do you agree that love can only be felt and not described? Why?
A: Love is generally acknowledged as something emotional rather than rational. For something emotional, it is virtually impossible to express in language alone.
▇ Extended questions (Para. 3)
Q: Why does the author mention her countless crushes while in school?
A: She intends to tell the reader that it is natural to develop such puppy loves even at an early age but that those crushes are not love in the real sense of the word.
▇ Extended questions (Paras. 4-5)
Q: Do you think it’s a good idea to have all-girls’ school s and all-boys’ schools?
A: In my view, it would be better to have both boys and girls in the same school. In fact, we are naturally drawn to the opposite sex and the two genders actually complement each other in character building and personality development. Putting boys and girls in different schools might cause some psychological or physiological problems in their respective growth.
▇ Extended questions (Paras. 6-7)
Q1: What are the two metaphors the author uses to explain love?
A1: ● “L ove was a magnificent building built on the foundation of friendship.”
● Love was a flower. “It took time to blossom.”
Q2: Do you agree that love demands “a lot of give and not so much of take”?
A2: Yes. I think love means more than showing sincere affection for a person. It involves a lot of responsibility for a life shared by the two. Love means unselfishness, a willingness to sacrifice one’s own wishes and interests for those o f others. It means mutual adaptation and mutual adjustment. It certainly involves “a lot
of give rather than too much of take.”
▇ Extended questions (Para. 8)
Q: What is the author’s tone of the remark “these are all so frequently remindful of a bygone era”?
A: She sounds disappointed with young people’s behavior today. It seems to her that it is a pity that the traditional way of handling love and relationships is now gone forever.
▇ Extended questions (Paras. 9-10)
Q: Some young people claim that they need to try many times before they find the true love. That may be partly the reason why they tend to have a number of relationsh ips and “hook ups”. How do you think of such belief?
A: Answers may vary. Some may think it’s a good way to experience a lot of relationships before they settle down with one true love. However, others may argue that seeking true love is a holy matter and should be treated seriously. Numerous relationships will only result in fatigue and confusion, which is of no help in seeking true love.
▇ Extended questions (Paras. 11-12)
Q: What rhetorical device is used in Para. 12? What effect is achieved?
A: Parallelism is used, with the same sentence structure and the repeated contrast between “more…” and “less …”. Emphasis is achieved, making the re ader deeply impressed by what the author says.
▇ Extended questions (Para. 13)
Q: What is the difference between the parallelism used in Para. 12 and that in Para.13?
A: Parallelism in Para. 12 appears in statements while here in Para. 13 it is in the form of rhetorical questions, which ask for no answers. The rhetorical effect, however, is the same.
Section C Voicing Your Views
Some college students are dating on campus. Have they found true love? Are some of them driven by peer pressure without even knowing it? What is their mindset? Work in groups of threes or fours and give your comments, and then discuss how people could develop their relationships into lifelong bonds. You may refer to the hints on the next two pages.
1) fall in love at first sight
2) have a meeting of minds
3) be driven by physical attraction
4) be driven by mental compatibilities
5) show off
6) jump on the bandwagon of dating
7) seek comfort and rid themselves of loneliness
8) regard dating as a sign of having grown up
9) develop a sense of belonging by dating
10) acquire a sense of security by dating
1) start a serious relationship if you are really ready
2) never forget that true love means a meeting of minds
3) focus more on inner charm than on physical beauty
4) learn to share
5) spend more time with her or him
6) honor your commitments
7) channel your energies and emotions towards building lifelong bonds
8) receive true love with open arms
Section A Key Words and Expressions
moist a. engaged a.pursue vt.fascinate vt.
grace n.delicacy n.bathe v.haircut n.
towel vt.manipulate vt.maximum n.minimum n.
complaint n.marketing n.agonizing a.overjoyed a.
clip vt.file vt.dresser n.grief n.
icy a.presence n.yield vi.undo vt.
resemble vt.graceful a.
moist a. usu. apprec slightly wet〖一般褒〗潮湿的，微湿的
e.g. 1. This plant grows in a moderately moist environment.
2. I like the air just as moist and warm as that in a tropical area.
engaged a. having agreed to marry已订婚的
e.g. 1. John got engaged to her when travelling last winter.
2. They announced to the assembled guests that they were engaged to be married.
pursue vt. try to achieve sth.; continue steadily with; carry on 努力实现，追求；继续从事，进行
e.g. 1. She is pursuing her studies at the same university as her brother did five years ago.
2. She pushed herself to pursue a musical career.
fascinate vt. attract and hold the interest or attention of 强烈地吸引，把……迷住
e.g. 1. The idea of traveling around the world has always fascinated her.
2. The audience was fascinated by their superb performance.
grace n. [U] a fine and attractive quality in movement or form （动作、体态的）优美；优雅自然
e.g. 1. She declined the invitation with grace.
2. She was a beautiful girl with the grace and poise of a natural model.
delicacy n. [U] the quality of being delicate细致；精致
e.g. 1. Repairing damaged nerves is an operation with great delicacy.
2. The delicacy of roses makes them unfit for an extreme climate.
bathe vi. AmE have a bath〖美〗洗澡
e.g. 1. It is unwise to bathe immediately after a meal.
2. It was hot, and we decided to bathe in the cool, inviting stream.
haircut n. an occasion of having the hair cut 理发
e.g. 1. The barber gave him a shave and a haircut.
2. If I have time tomorrow, I think I’ll get a haircut.
towel vt. rub or dry with a towel用毛巾擦（擦干）
e.g. 1. Do towel the children down very thoroughly, or they might catch cold.
2. I toweled my son down very thoroughly, because he was wet to the skin.
manipulate vt. work with skillful use of the hands; control or influence sb. / sth.（熟练地用手）操作；控制，影响
e.g. 1. Though he is just seven, he can manipulate the computer rather skillfully.
2. A clever politician knows how to manipulate his supporters.
maximum n. (pl. maximums or maxima) the largest number, amount, etc. 最大值；最大量
e.g. 1. The classroom holds a maximum of 50 people, not one more.
2. The speed limit is 40 miles an hour. Don’t exceed this maximum.
minimum n. (pl. minimums or minima) the smallest number, amount, etc. 最小量；最低限度
e.g. 1. Repairing your car will cost a minimum of $200.
2. Passengers may only take aboard the aircraft a minimum of hand luggage.
complaint n.[C (about, against)] a statement of dissatisfaction, unhappiness, pain, etc. [常与about或against连用]诉苦的话；怨言；牢骚
e.g. 1. Even though his workload is heavy, he never makes any complaints.
We’ve received a lot of complaints of bad workmanship.
marketing n. [U] the branch of business concerned with advertising, publicity (宣传), etc. 市场学；销售业务
e.g. 1. The ranges of his business include the production and marketing of automobiles.
2. Mr. Smith takes care of marketing and publicity.
agonizing a. causing great pain or anxiety 引起痛苦（焦虑）的
e.g. 1. Tim was hurt in the traffic accident suffering from agonizing pain.
2. All the people are yearning for an early end to this agonizing situation.
overjoyed a. extremely pleased; full of joy 极为高兴的，非常开心的
e.g. 1. She was overjoyed to get a letter from her son who is now working in Africa.
2. They will be overjoyed to find you safe and sound.
clip vt. cut with scissors or another sharp instrument, esp. in order to make shorter or neater （用剪刀等）修剪
e.g. 1. I like to clip pictures out of newspapers and keep them in a big box.
2. The dog’s fur was clipped short for the show.
file vt. rub or cut with a file 锉
e.g. 1. He tried to file the nail sharp.
2. He filed the wood smooth.
dresser n. AmE a chest of drawers (衣柜), used esp. for clothing, often with a mirror on top 〖美〗带镜衣柜
e.g. 1. He folded the clothes and carefully put them in the dresser.
2. Lydia stood looking at herself in the mirror of the yellow bedroom’s dresser.
grief n. [U] great sorrow or feelings of suffering 悲痛，忧伤
e.g. 1. She went nearly mad with grief after the child died.
2. A flash of grief came upon her when she heard the news.
icy a. extremely cold; covered with ice 冰冷的；结满冰的，冰封的
e.g. 1. He urged me to drive carefully on the icy roads.
2. It is difficult to keep one’s balance on an icy pavement.
presence n. the fact of being in a particular place 存在；出席，到场
e.g. 1. He never seems at ease in my presence. Why is he so afraid of me?
2. Jane had done a lot of preparatory work before the presence of the president.
yield vi. [(to)] fml or lit give up control (of); surrender [常与to连用]〖正式或文〗放弃；投降，屈服
e.g. 1. We love peace, yet we are not the kind of people who yield to any military threat.
2. Since you won’t yield to persuasion, we’ll try what force can do.
undo vt. unfasten (sth. tied or wrapped) 解开，松开，打开
e.g. 1. He bent down and undid his shoelaces.
2. Winston undid the bit of string that held the parcel together.
resemble vt. [not in progressive forms; no pass.]look like or be similar to sb. or sth. [不用进行式；无被动态]像；类似
e.g. 1. She resembles her father in facial features, but she’s not at all like him in character.
2. The boys resemble each other in that they both have ginger hair and round faces.
graceful a. attractively and usu. effortlessly fine and smooth; full of grace 优美的；文雅的
e.g. 1. So graceful was the ballet dancer that she just seemed to glide.
2. Despite her great age, she was very graceful indeed.
fit into in the course of
reach for sth. in vain
fit into find or have sufficient space or room for sth. in a place找到或尚有足够的地方容纳某物
e.g. 1. Our bedroom is so small tha t we can’t fit into another chair.
2. She folded the letter so that it would fit into her bag.
in the course of during 在……期间；在……过程中
e.g. 1. They hope to see those famous ancient buildings in the course of their brief stay in London.
2. My heart beat thick in the course of the interview.
reach for sth. stretch out (one’s hand) in order to touch, grasp or take sth. 伸出（手）以触到、抓到或拿到某物
e.g. 1. She reached into her bag for a coin and gave it to the beggar.
2. The lawbreaker was overpowered before he could reach for his knife.
in vain uselessly; without a successful result 白费地，徒劳无益地
e.g. 1. All my work was in vain; I had to do it again.
2. Her father tried to persuade her to go back home with him, but in vain.
Section B Difficult Sentences
1. It was a point of pride that he gave our newborn daughter her first bath. (Para. 5)
1) Translate this sentence into Chinese.
2) Make a sentence with the underlined structure.
It was a point of pride that we first presented this story to the world.
2. Within an hour, when the nurse checked him with her stethoscope, there was nothing left for me to do but close his bright green eyes and lay my hands on his for the last time, in the quiet peaceful corner of our bedroom. (Para.10)
1) Translate this sentence into Chinese.
2) Make a sentence with the underlined structure.
When my boss lost his temper, there was nothing left for me to do but stand there listening in silence.
3. For seven-and-a-half months, my grief for my husband had been frozen within me like an icy presence that would not yield. (Para.12)
1) Translate this sentence into Chinese.
2) Paraphrase the sentence.
In the seven and a half months after my husband’s death, I had managed to bury the grief for him deep down in my heart as if it had turned into ice that would not melt.
4. It was as though his father’s long, graceful hands clasped mine once again. Still reassuring me. (Para. 13)
1) Translate this sentence into Chinese.
2) Paraphrase the sentence.
Even though he had died, my husband’s way of expressing love through his long and elegant handclasp had been passed down to our son, which was a lasting comfort to me.
Section C Comprehension Questions
▇ Comprehension questions (Para. 1)
Q1: What feelings did the husband’s hands bring to the author?
A1: A feeling of being reassured. That is, the author felt safe and free from worries with her husband holding her hands.
Q2: What can y ou infer about the husband from the phrase “the final days of his life”?
A2: Her husband must have died.
▇ Comprehension questions (Para. 2)
Q1: What does “that time” (L.1 Para. 2) refer to?
A1: “The final days of his life”.
Q2: What was the husband’s j ob?
A2: He was a college professor.
Q3: Why does the author describe her husband’s hands in such great detail?
A3: Through the detailed description, the author wants to tell us what kind of person her husband was. By recalling these details, she also shows her deep affection for her husband.
▇ Comprehension questions (Para. 3)