I.Listening Comprehension Section A
Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions
will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.
1. A. Much traffic. B. Inconvenient location.
C. Living in town.
D. Expensive vehicles.
2. A. 5 pounds. B.7 pounds.
C. 8 pounds.
D. 10 pounds.
3. A. In a shopping mall. B. In a car showroom.
C. At a car repair shop.
D. At a parking lot.
4. A. Whether the man has attended the conference.
B. Whether the conference is successful.
C. Whether the photos are ready.
D. Whether the quality of the pictures is good.
5. A. It is looked down upon. B. The room prices have dropped.
C. The rooms are beyond the beach.
D. It is over-crowded.
6. A. Most people killed in traffic accidents are heavy drinkers.
B. Innocent people are unlikely to be drunk drivers.
C. Drivers run high risk of losing lives.
D. The danger of drunk driving deserves much attention.
7. A. Stay in bed. B. Go to a clinic.
C. Buy some medicine.
D. Go to a drugstore.
8. A. Surfing the net. B. Watching a TV programme.
C. Looking for a fashion site.
D. Making a new dress.
9. A. She liked the poor children on TV.
B. She worked for the Hope Project.
C. She felt obliged to donate.
D. She hoped to be a millionaire.
10. A. The man should consult his dancing teacher.
B. The man should take other interesting courses.
C. The man should continue his dancing class.
D. The man should improve his dancing skills first.
Directions: In Section B，you will hear several longer conversation(s) and short passage(s), and you will be asked several questions on each of the conversation(s) and the passage(s). The conversation(s) and the passage(s) will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.
Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.
11. A. It can cultivate their love for music.
C. It can control their shopping habits.
B. It can reduce work pressure.
D. It can encourage job creation.
12. A. Fast music. B. Slow music. C. Rock music. D. Relating music.
13. A. Background music has no effect.
C. Muzak is a music supplier.
B. Milliam experimented on traffic flow.
D .Background music makes a difference.
14. A. They support human life. B. They cure human diseases.
C. They estimate species.
D. They stop plant extinction.
15. A. Polluting the environment. B. Destroying wildlife habitat.
C. Organizing activities.
D. Introducing new species
16. A. To analyze the main causes of the disappearing of wildlife.
B. To appeal to people to protect wildlife.
C. To emphasize the importance of the earth.
D. To describe different ways to stop pollution.
Questions 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.
17. A. She goes jogging. B. She exercises in the gym.
C. She exercises at home.
D. She goes swimming.
18. A. Because she can’t fall asleep at night.
C. Because of the weather condition.
B. Because she can’t get up in the morning.
D. Because of her tight schedule.
20. A. How the woman stays healthy.
C. How the woman loses weight.
B. How the woman has a balanced diet.
D. How the woman changes habits.
19. A. Vegetables. B. Meat. C. Fish. D. Cakes.
II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A
Directions: After reading the passage below, fill in the blanks to make the passage coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.
Rescue in the Rapids
ON A BREEZY Saturday in April 2014, former police officer Kevin O’Connor and his son, Ryan, were standing in a park near the Fox River in Geneva, Illinois. As Kevin gazed at the river, he caught sight of several people on the bank (21)_________(motion) toward the water. When he looked in that direction, he noticed a bright red boat turning in a spinning circle in the stormy water at the base of the Geneva Dam，300 feet away.
Kevin assumed the person on the boat (22) _________ (jump) out of it. “Then I heard a warning signal with a loud sound,” says Kevin, now 42. “That’s (23) _________I realized somebody was in trouble.”
He couldn’t see anyone in the river, (24) _________he sped toward the bank and dashed into the freezing water. About 150 feet from shore, he spied an object moving downriver. “I thought it was a life jacket,” he says. “When I caught up to it, I realized it (25) _________ (attach) to a person.”
Now in water up to his neck, Kevin grabbed the man, (26) _________was floating on his back unconscious, under both armpits and held his head above the surface. Kevin struck the man’s chest again and again. After five hits, the man coughed up water and began speaking incoherently. Just back to life, the man was still weak. Battling the current, Kevin sidestepped his way (27) _________the shoreline, repeatedly digging his shoes into the river’s rocky bottom. When he reached the bank, someone jumped into the river and helped Kevin lift the 200-pound drowning man over a six-foot brick retaining wall to waiting doctors, who took him away in an ambulance. The man recovered, but a friend who was boating with him died after being trapped underwater near the dam.
Kevin pulled (28) _________up to sit on the shore beside Ryan, who had followed his father’s path down the river. “When I caught my breath, I realized I saved someone’s life, which is what I (29)
_________do.” Kevin says.
In December 2015, Kevin received an award from the Carnegie Hero Fund Commission. “Lots of honour-receivers lost their lives saving someone,” he says. “(30) _________ (put) in the same category isvery humbling.”
Directions: Fill in each blank with a proper word chosen from the box. Each word can be used only once. Note that there is one word more than you need.
G. consistently H. spare I. overcomes J. continue K. especially
How to Stick to Good Habits by Using the “2-Minute Rule”
Most of the tasks that you procrastinate on (that is to say, you postpone doing what you should be doing,) aren’t actually difficult to do — you have the talent and skills to _____31____ them- you just avoid starting them for one reason or another. The 2-Minute Rule ____32_____ procrastination and laziness by making it so easy to st art taking action that you can’t say no. It might sound like this strategy
is too basic for your ____33_____ life goals, but I beg to differ. It works for any goal because of one simple reason: the
_____34____of real life.
As Sir Isaac Newton taught us a long time ago, objects at rest tend to stay at rest and objects in motion tend to stay in motion. This is just as true for humans as it is for falling apples. Once you start doing something, it，s easier to ___35______ doing it. I love the 2-Minute Rule because it takes up the idea that all sorts of good things happen once you get started.
The most important part of any new habit is getting started — not just the first time, but each time. It’s not about performance, it’s about ____36_____ taking action. In many ways, getting started is more important than succeeding. This is ____37_____ true in- the beginning because there will be plenty of time to improve your performance later on. The 2-Minute Rule isn’t about the results you achieve, but rather about the _____38____ of actually doing the work. I can，t guarantee whether or not the 2-Minute Rule will work for you. But, I can guarantee that it will never work if you never try it.
The problem with most articles you read, podcasts you listen to, or videos you watch is that you
____39_____ the information but never put it into practice. I want this article to be different. I want you to actually use this information, right now. What’s something you can do that will take you less than two minutes? Do it right now. Anyone can ____40_____ the next 120 seconds. Use this time to get one thing done.
III. Reading Comprehension
Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.
Travel, a home coming tour
In the UK travel is an enriching life experience that will make your resume stand out amongstother applicants. Travel is not simply a pursuit of___41___ but also “character-build ing”，“defining” and potentially “career-boosting”.
Most of the people I know here at university ___42__ the desire to travel and escape the stress surrounding us. But I don’t think, as UK students, we can blame our addiction to international travel simply on a stressful life. Yes, I have a lot to handle and it’s a fine___43___ act managing my part-time job, my degree and my social life to a perfect level. In a truly open world, we can get anywhere, see anything and experience every culture under the sun, at the click of a button, the purchase of a ___44____
Many people I met while working in China were surprised at the number of countries I’d travelled to. Compared to friends and family I consider myself vastly ___45___. I’ve never set foot across the pond
in the U.S.A and Canada, let alone South America and even within Europe my checklist of destinations is far from____46___. I was also met by___47___at how little travelling I had done within my own borders. This was something I had not really considered before. How much of my own country had I really seen and experienced? To those from a place as vast and varied as China, Britain was really so ___48___in comparison and so to have spent 20 years there and not seen every part of it was quite surprising.
I had a conversation with a Chinese colleague over the reasoning behind our use of golden Cotswold stone, which sounds dull for most people. As a student of history, I found anything___49____fascinating. However it was not the stone within British cities I found interesting. What was curious was that it was something I had never even considered, and yet here was someone___50____on something I had simply taken for granted.
We continued our discussion, yet I was left___51___that I could not answer her question. In China, as well as a wealth of new culture that fascinated me, I discovered that there were parts of the UK’s culture, history, the very structure of my identity that were so different, so unique from China that I also___52____a newly found interest in my own heritage.
In this respect, travelling enables you with two things. Firstly you develop a(n) ___53___with new cultures, understanding customs, experiencing cuisines and absorbing the sights and smells of every new city. For many employers this___54___to new locations is seen as tremendous in your personal resume. But alongside increased employability, through international, cross-cultural conversations, you develop an interest in your own history, culture, and customs. You return to your home___55___ an u nderstanding of other people’s fascination with it and your own sense of love for its peculiarities.
41. A. leisure B. wealth C. company D. personality
42. A. question B. refuse C. detect D. experience
43. A. balancing B. forcing C. judging D. disturbing
44. A. course B. stamp C. diploma D. ticket
45. A. under-stuffed B. under-travelled
46. A. official B. vacant C. complete D. accurate
47. A. excitement B. hatred C. astonishment D. disgust
48. A .young B. beautiful C. remote D. small
49. A. historical B. dramatic C. religious D. perfect
50. A. piled B. hooked C. relied D. carried
51. A. exhausted B. embarrassed C. puzzled D. convinced
52. A. exchanged B. lost C. gained D. traded
53. A. observation B. resolutionC. fascination D. illustration
54. A. relation B. preference C. agreement D. adaptability
55. A. objecting to B. filled with C. bothered by D. searching for
Directions:Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have read.
The Christmas of 1988, my husband and I had four children. Peter was eleven, Leigh-Ann nine, Laura six and Matthew only two. When Santa arrived, Matthew parked himself on Santa’s lap and remained impressed greatly by him for the rest of the evening. Anyone who had their picture taken with Santa that Christmas also had their picture taken with little Matthew.
Little did any of us know how precious those photos with Santa and Matthew would become. Five days after Christmas, our sweet little Matthew died in an accident. When our first Christmas without Matthew approached, it was hard for us to get into the holiday spirit.
Then, on December 13, we were just finishing dinner when we heard a knock on the front door. When we went to answer it, no one was there. On the front porch was a card and gift. The gift-giver just wanted to help us get through a rough time by cheering us up with his or her name unknown, like a fairy.
In the gift bag was a cassette of favorite Christmas music, which was in a little cardboard Christmas tree. We put the cassette in our player and, song by song, the spirit of Christmas began to warm our
hearts, and the thoughtfulness of our “fairy，touched our hearts.
That was the beginning of a series of gifts from the clever giver, one for each day until Christmas. Each gift followed the theme of “The Twelve Days of Christmas” in a creative way. The kids especially liked “seven swans a-swimming,” which was a basket of swan-shaped soaps plus passes to the local swimming pool. “Eight ma ids a-milking” included eight bottles of chocolate milk in glass bottles with paper faces. Every day was something very special.
The ingenuity and thoughtfulness shocked us as we enjoyed each surprise. We were so caught up in the excitement and curiosity o f what would possibly come next, that our grief didn’t have much of a chance to rob us of the spirit of Christmas. What our fairy did was absolutely miraculous.
We give thanks for our fairy who was, we finally realized, our very own Christmas angel. We never did find out who it was, although we have our guess. We actually prefer to keep it that way.
56. The photos taken with little Mathew became valued because
A. Mathew is the youngest child of our family
B. they are the photos taken on Christmas Eve
C. Mathew seated himself on Santa’s legs
D. we lost Mathew five days after the Christmas of 1988
57. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. “Seven Swans a -swimming” was a soap with swans coined.
B. We received 12 gifts before the very first Christmas without Mathew.
C. We were still in no mood for preparing for Christmas with a cassette.
D. It was Santa who secretly sent us the unexpected gifts.
58. The phrase “ingenuity” (paragraph 6) can be best replaced by “”
59. Which of the following serves as the best title for the passage?
A. Mathew’s Present.
B. An Angel among Us.
C. Christmas Day.
D. Five Golden Rings.
A Language Programme for Teenagers
Welcome to Teenagers Abroad! We invite you to join us on an amazing journey of language learning. Our Courses
Regardless of your choice of course, you’ll develop your language ability both quickly and effectively. Our Standard Course guarantees a significant increase in your confidence in a foreign language, with focused teaching in all 4 skill areas — speaking, listening, reading and writing.
Our Intensive Course builds on our Standard Course, with 10 additional lessons per week, guaranteeing the fastest possible language learning (see table below).
Evaluation Course Type
Days Number of Lessons Course Timetable
Mon-Fri 20 lessons 9:00-12:30
Mon-Fri 20 lessons 9:00-12:30 10 lessons 13:00-14:30
Students are placed into classes according to their current language skills. The majority of them take an online language test before their programme. However, if this is not available, students sit the exam on the first Monday of their course.
Learning materials are provided to students throughout their course, and there will never be more than 15 participants in each class.
Arrivals and Transfer
Our programme offers the full package — students are taken good care of from the start through to the very end. They are collected from the airport upon arrival and brought to their accommodation in comfort. We require the student’s full flight details at least 4 weeks in advance.
Meals/Special Dietary Requirements
Students are provided with breakfast, dinner and either a cooked or packed lunch (which consists of a sandwich, a drink and a dessert). Snacks outside of mealtimes may be purchased by the student individually.
We ask that you let us know of any dietary requirements as well as information about any medicines you take. Depending on the type of dietary requirements, an extra charge may be made for providing special food.
60. When can a student attend Standard Course?
B. 13:00-14:30 Friday.
D. 9:00-12:30 Saturday.
61. With the full package, the programme organizer is supposed to .
A. inform students of their full flight detail
B. look after students throughout the programme
C. offer students free medical care
D. collect students，luggage in advance
62. Which of the following may require an extra payment?
A. Cooked dinner
B. Mealtime dessert.
C. Packed lunch
D. Special diet.
I plan to remember this year’s vacation season with just two words: NEVER AGAIN. Never again, that is, will I take all my technology along. The Internet has ruined summer vacations.
Instead of reading dog-eared summerhouse mystery novels, this year we browsed the Internet. Instead of long evenings of crossword puzzles or board games, we checked our Twitter feeds and
updated our Facebook pages. And that, of course, is the problem with the Internet: It，s so easy that,
unless you’re equipped with massive self-control, you use it if it’s there.
For several years, I kept my Internet addiction under control by using inconvenient technology: a laptop which is old and not in good condition and a slow dial-up connection. But this year, the combination of a new iPad and very good Wi-Fi turned out to be fatal. The magical iPad signaled silently from the picnic table: What harm could it be to give the e-mail a quick check? But once that attractive touch screen lights up, who can resist?
I’m not the first to get lost across this problem, of course. I，m a late adopter. As early as 2008,
Nicholas Carr, author of The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains, was warning that broadband Internet was reducing our attention spans and making us stupid. The Web, he said,
encourages us to get stuck into our “natural state of distractedness.” Even before that, in 2000，Harvard’s Robert Putnam w arned that television 一 and, more broadly, staring into any kind of screen — had reduced the amount of time families spent in social interactions. And last year, researchers at UC-Irvine reported that employees who were unplugged from their e-mail got more work done 一 and
experienced far less stress.
Access to the Web is unquestionably a wonderful thing. I love having a bottomless library at my fingertips; I love having the world’s newspapers on my electronic doorstep. I love being able to pay bills and make airplane reservations online. And, thanks to those ugly cell phone towers in the woods, we now have a way to call for help if we need an ambulance or a fire truck. It’s also nice to have an app that
identifies the constellations (星座）when you hold the iPad up to the night sky. But then, you have to
remember to put the screen down and simply drink in the stars — the original, uncut version.
And that’s the point: It’s important not to let the convenience of the Internet get in the way of simpler beauties. It，s our fault instead of the Internet, for failing to control the urge to browse. My
problem is learning how to limit the time I spend on it. So now I have one more thing to look forward to next summer: More time reading old novels; more time playing crossword puzzles and chasing frogs. Next year, I promise to unplug. Except, of course, when we need to find a new bike trail, or Google a recipe for wild blueberry pie.
63. Throughout the passage, what evidence does the author provide to support the claims he makes in paragraph 2?
A. Scientific studies and statistics about Internet use.
B. Historical facts regarding the effects of television and the Internet.
C. Personal accounts and opinions of those who have studied the Internet.
D. Results of opinion polls about Internet use.
64. According to the passage, how does the writer keep himself from getting addicted to the Internet?
A. By using outdated laptops with poor Internet access.
B. By only giving the e-mail a quick look.
C. By keeping the electronic devices out of reach.
D. By accessing new iPad and good Wi-Fi.
65. In the article, UC-Irvine research functions as .
A. a personal account that illustrates an idea about social life
B. a restatement of the author’s main argument
C. historical context to allow the reader to understand the article’s setting
D. evidence to support a point made by Nicolas Carr
66. Which of the following statement will the author probably agree to?
A. people should not rely simply on the Internet to provide them with news and other information
B. people can have meaningful vacations only if they leave all electronic devices at home
C. although the Internet is often useful, it can become addictive and prevent human interaction
D. even though there are some good things about the Internet, overall it has affected civilization for the worse
Directions: Read the following passage. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need.
A.Watling Street’s origins are lost in prehistory.
B.But Shakespeare can still be connected to the road.
C.In fact, it is hard to find a character from the British imagination who cannot be linked to
Watling Street in some way.
D.It is one of the few permanent fixtures of this island and one of the first lines on the map.
E.Here characters including Sherlock Holmes and Batman have been brought to life.
F.It is Watling Street — and there is no road in the English-speaking world more steeped in
The road that led to 1,000 stories
In his new book Watling Street, John Higgs explores one of Britain’s oldest roads — and how it inspired countless
stories, from the Canterbury Tales to Great Expectations to Star Wars.
Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, written in the late 14th Century, tells the story of a group of medieval pilgrims travelling from London to Canterbury. Six hundred years later, the Star Wars movies were filmed on the same road.
We now think of Watling Street as the A2 and the A5 motorways, which run across Britain from Anglesey in north-west Wales to Dover in south-east England in a way that joins two opposite sides at an angle. But the road has existed throughout all of British history. 68 . It has been a Neolithic (新石器时代的）pathway, a Roman road, one of the four medieval (中世纪的）royal highways, a main road in the age of coach travel and a road today usually with traffic jams.
It is a place that reflects its own history, always being rewritten. 69 . James Bond drives along the road in Ian Fleming’s novel Moonraker. Doctor Who appears suddenly at different points along it in different historical eras. It is part of Robin Hood’s plans in the medieval narrative poem A Little Geste of Robin Hood and his Meiny. Miss Havisham’s decaying Gothic house in Charles Dickens’ Great Expectations is based on Restoration House in Rochester, which stands just yards from Watling Street.In the 12th-Century Histories of the Kings of Britain, Geoffrey of Monmouth tells how a young Merlin relea sed the dragons that caused King V ortigem’s tower to fall. This was at Dinas Emrys in Snowdonia, on the route of the original, pre-Roman road through Wales.
For many years it was believed that William Shakespeare wrote a play called The Widow of Watling Street', it was included in early collections of his work. It is now thought that the real author of that play was Thomas Middleton.
70 .Before the Romans bridged the Thames, the original route of Watling Street crossed the river where Westminster Palace now stands. The route would have run close to where Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre in Southwark later stood.
IV. Summary Writing
Directions: Read the following passage. Summarize the main idea and the main point(s) of the passage in no more than 60 words. Use your own words as far as possible.
Reading the world in 195 boobs
In 2012, I set myself the challenge of trying to read a book from every country of all 195 UN- recognized states in a year. With no idea how to find publications, I decided to ask the planet’s readers for help. I created a blog called A Year of Reading the World and put out an appeal for suggestions of titles that I could read in English.
The response was amazing. Before I knew it, people all over the planet were getting in touch with ideas and offers of help. Some posted me books. Others did hours of research on my behalf. In addition, several writers, like Turkmenistan’s Ak Welsapar and Panama’s Juan David Morgan, sent me
unpublished translations of their novels. Even with such an extraordinary team behind me, however, sourcing books was no easy task.
But the effort was worth it. As I made my way through the planet’s literary landscapes, extraordinary things started to happen. Far from simply armchair travelling, I found I was inhabiting the mental space of the storytellers. I discovered, bookpacking offered something that a physical traveller could hope to experience only rarely: it took me inside the thoughts of individuals living far away and showed me the world through their eyes. More powerful than a thousand news reports, these stories not only opened my mind to basic information of life in other places, but opened my heart to the way people there might feel. And that in turn changed my thinking. Through reading the stories shared with me by bookish strangers around the globe, I realized I was not an isolated person, but part of a network that stretched all over the planet.
One by one, the country names on the list that had begun as an intellectual exercise transformed into places filled with laughter, love, anger, hope and fear. Lands that had once seemed foreign and remote became close and familiar to me — places I could identify with. At its best, I learned, fiction makes the world real.
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.
VI. Guided Writing
Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.
你应邀在英语课上的“每日一谈”环节中发表自己对《中国诗词大会》（The Chinese Poetry Competition)、《国家宝藏》(National Treasure)等以传统文化为主题的电视节目热播现象的看法。
Q2017.12 Listening Comprehension
1. W: I really like living here, because there are so many interesting places and it is near town centre.
M: That’s true. But it gets really noisy with so many vehicles.
Q: What does the man complain about? (A)
2. M: How much does a meal with beef cost in the restaurant?
W: If you eat before 5 pm, you have to pay 8 pounds. After that, you need to pay 10 pounds.
Q: How much does the man have to pay if he eats at 7 pm? (D)
3. W: Could you have my car ready at four o’clock.
M: Sure. The damage is minor and it won’t take long.
Q: Where does the conversation take place? (C)
4. M: The photos I took at the conference should be ready today.
W: I can’t wait to see them. I don’t know whether they are as good as I thought.
Q: What’s the woman anxious to know?(D)
5. W: Hotel rooms overlooking the beach must be very expensive.
M: So it was several months ago, but not now, because it is not in season.
Q: What does the man mean about the hotel now? (B)
6. W: I think it is high time we turned our attention to the danger of drunk driving.
M: Can’t agree with you more. Innocent people l ose their lives because of drunk drivers.
Q: What does the woman mean? (D)
7. W: I haven’t been feeling well, but I don’t know what’s wrong. I have been in bed for days.
M: You should see a doctor. There’s a clinic nearby, but it does not sell medicine, you have to buy them at a drugstore.
Q: What does the man suggest the woman do first? (B)
8. M: Are you still online now? It’s time for the TV series.
W: Just a minute. I’m looking at a fashion site. I’m looking for a new dress for my sister.
Q: What’s t he woman doing right now? (A)
9. M: You’re not a millionaire. Why do you donate so much money for the Hope Project?
W: From a TV program I saw kids unable to afford books. I felt so sorry for them that I have to do something.
Q: What can be learnt about the woman from the conversation? (C)
10. M: I’m considering dropping my dancing class because I’ve not made any progress.
W: If I were you, I’d stick with it. It’s definitely worth the time and money.
Q: What does the woman imply? (C)
Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.
Every day millions of people in offices, supermarkets, and factories worldwide hear the sounds of Muzak, a company which is a best-known supplier of background music. The sound track has been carefully made to direct behavior —to improve employee performance by reducing job stress, boredom, and tiredness or to control consumers’ shopping habits.
Background music can help or hurt business, concludes Ronald Milliman, a marketing professor at Loyola University. “Very few stores that play music play it for any particular purpose,” he says. “But walking into an environment where music is playing apparently makes a difference.”
Milliman measured the effects of fast and slow music on a supermarket’s traffic flow and sales. Fast music hardly
affected sales when compared with no music, he reported in the Journal of Marketing,but pieces played slowly made shoppers slower and increased sales 38 percent above what they had been when fast music was playing.
Restaurants can also use music to help, he found. In the evening, slow-paced music results in longer meals and increases the patience of waiting customers, while lively music during lunch time helps to shorten the dinning time.
Now listen again, please.
11. How does background music affect employees? (B)
12. What kind of music could speed up diners’ lunch pace? (A)
13. What does the passage mainly talk about? (D)
Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage.
Huge numbers of unknown plants and animals are in danger. The earth, according to various estimates, supports between 5 million and 80 million species. “Species,” says Dr. Lovejoy, “are disappearing before we have a chance to learn how they might benefit the rest of the world.”
Thousands of kinds of plants could help feed a growing world population. About four out of every ten medicines come from ingredients found in plants. Some animals also provide medicines.
“It’s natural for species to become extinct over millions of years,” says Dr. Lovejoy. “What’s unnatural is that humans are speeding up the process many times over.” Actually humans have great impact on other living things that share the earth. And people are doing this in four main ways: destroying wildlife habitats, overhunting, introducing new species that endanger native wildlife, and polluting the environment. These activities affect all species in one way or another, because all life is interconnected.
Is there time to prevent disaster? Just barely, say scientists. Worldwide action will be difficult and costly. But scientists agree that action must be taken — quickly. Time is running out.
Now listen again, please.
14. How can other living things benefit humans? (A)
15. Which of the following is not responsible for the disappearing of wildlife? (C)
16. What is the main purpose of the passage? (B)
Questions 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.
M: Do you exercise or belong to a gym or anything to stay in shape?
W: At the moment, I do n’t belong to a gym, but I go swimming. I always go in the morning because it keeps me awake all day.
M: Just swimming?
W: Yes, now I don’t do any other exercise. Swimming is really a relaxing pastime.
M: Yeah, that’s pretty good that you get up and go swi mming in the morning, I have a hard time getting up and swimming early in the morning.
W: I think it’s easier in the summer because the weather’s better, but in the winter it’s really difficult. Actually the last few weeks, I’ve stopped swimming.
M: It’s OK. I’m kind of in the same boat. In winter, most people prefer jogging.
W. It’s not easy for me. In winter I am more willing to stay inside.
M: Then, in winter, how do you stay your shape? We often can’t avoid gaining weight in the season.
W: Usually I have a diet.
M: Diet? Do you have a healthy diet?
W: I’m semi-vegetarian so I try to be away from meat. I only eat fish and lots of fruits and vegetables. But sometimes I also eat junk food, such as potato chips or cakes. And, yeah, I think I have a balanced diet.
M: It is unbelievable. Your balanced diet doesn’t apply to others.
W. But it is effective for me.
M: And lastly, do you do anything else to stay healthy? Like, do you do yoga or do you get so many hours of sleep at night?
W: I would be great if I could get an eight-hour sleep a night, but I don’t do yoga.
M: I see.
Now listen again, please.
17. How does the woman exercise in summer? (D)
18. Why has the woman given up swimming recently? (C)
19. What does the woman not eat? (B)
20. What does the conversation mainly talk about? (A)
Now listen again, please.
That’s the end of listening comprehension. 听力部分到此结束。
II. Grammar and V ocabulary
21. motioning 22. had jumped 23. when 24. but/so 25. was attached
26. who 27. toward(s)/to 28. himself 29. should 30. Being put
31-35 CIDFJ 36-40 GKBEH
41-45 ADADB 46-50 CCDAB 51-55 BCCDB
A: The writer set a goal of reading 195 books from 195 countries in a year.He received great help from fans of his blog, though it was hard to obtain all the books. （2分）However, the process of reading proved rewarding. Not only did he broaden his horizon, but he became familiar with the places and identified with the people there. （3分）（60词）
B: Attempting to read a book from 195 states in a year, I appealed to the people worldwide in a blog for their suggestions. （2分）With their generous offer and enthusiastic responses, I started to read the books recommended,which opened a new world for me and changed my thinking. Most importantly, these books brings the real world closer to me. （3分）（59词）
C: I challenged myself to read books from 195 countries in a year. Having difficulty finding all the books, I sought worldwide help, which was greeted with enthusiastic responses. （2分）The whole experience turned out rewarding.Not only did I feel connected to the worldbut the exposure to different people’s life and feelings brought the real world closer to me. （3分）（59词）
72. The specialist was paid a compliment on his ability to cope with change all the time.
He was complimented on his ability to cope with change all the time.
73. Mobile payment is playing an increasingly important/a more and more important part in our daily life, saving us the
trouble of taking cash.
74. If the editor of the magazine (office) can really understand the pressure the photographer has suffered from, he or
she will not be critical of what he or she has done.
75. It was because of a strong sense of responsibility and much practical/working experience that the teacher who
worked in the countryside cultivated a great number of excellent students.
Apparently, such kind of TV programs definitely need our praise for they help us better appreciate the beauty of Chinese culture.
The Chinese poetry competition, is a vivid example of how technology and traditional cultural, once combined together, can create a national trend. It features competitions among high school students to help them truly understand the value of traditional poems instead of memorizing them for exams.
So, you might wonder why these shows can enjoy such a great popularity. Personally, I find the reason quite simple. First, I am convinced that it is the charm of traditional Chinese culture itself that draws us to these shows like a magnet. Traditional culture, like poems, provides us with a glimpse of what life was like before. It seems as if an invisible bridge leading to Chinese culture was then built by these shows. For example, Every time I read a poem, I feel myself identifying with the writer, feeling what he felt, though there might be thousands of years apart between us.
Secondly, the increasing awareness on culture identity is another reason. Cultural identity, I assume is what binds us together as a whole. Imagine if Beijing lost Great wall, what it would be like. Maybe it will become nothing but another New York or Tokyo. Through exploring traditional culture, we deepen our recognition of who we are, what we belong to as a family.
So , from the reasons mentioned above, I call on everyone to support these programs as well as try our best to preserve our traditional culture from now in case it becomes a thing of past. If not now, then when. If not us, who?