2014年6月英语四级考试真题及答案(第2套)

2014年6月四级真题(第2套)

Part I Writing(30minutes)

Directions:For this part,you are allowed30minutes to write a short essay on the following question.

You should write at least120words but no more than180words.

Suppose a foreign friend of yours is coming to visit your campus,what is the most interesting place you would like to take him/her to see and why?

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

Part II Listening Comprehension(30minutes)

Section A

Directions:In this section,you will hear8short conversations and2long conversations.At the end of each conversation,one or more questions will be asked about what was said.Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once.After each question there will be a pause.During the pause,you must read the four choices marked A.,B.,C.and D.,and decide which is the best answer.Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer SheetIwith a single line through the centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

1.A.They came in five different colors.

B.They were good value for money.

C.They were a very good design.

D.They were s01d out very quickly.

2.A.Ask her roommate not to speak loudly on the phone.

B.Ask her roommate to make her phone calls outside.

C.Go and find a quieter place to review her lessons.

D.Report her problem to the dorm management.

3.A.The washing machine is totally beyond repair.

B.He will help Wendy prepare her annual report.

C.Wendy should give priority to writing her.report.

D.The washing machine should be checked annually.

4.A.The man fell down when removing the painting.

B.The wall will be decorated with a new painting.

C.The woman likes the painting on the wall.

D.The painting is now being reframed.

5.A.It must be missing.B.It was left in the room.

C.The man took it to the market.

D.She placed it on the dressing table.

6.A.Go to a play.

B.Meet Janet.

C.Book some tickets.

D.Have a get-together.

7.A.One box of books is found missing.

B.Some of the boxes arrived too late.

C.Replacements have to be ordered.

D.Some of the books are damaged.

8.A.The man will pick up Professor Johnson at her office.

B.The man did not expect Iris paper to be graded too soon.

C.Professor Johnson has given the man a very high grade.

D.Professor Johnson will talk to each student in her office.

Questions9to11are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9.A.To buy a present for his friend who is getting married.

B.To find out the cost for a complete set of cookware.

C.To see what he could ask his friends to buy for him.

D.To make inquiries about the price of an electric cooker.

10.A.To teach him how to use the kitchenware.

B.To discuss cooking experiences with him.

C.To tell him how to prepare delicious dishes.

D.To recommend suitable kitchenware to him.

11.A.There are so many different sorts of knives.

B.Cooking devices are such practical presents.

C.A mixer can save so much time in making cakes.

D.Saucepans and frying pans are a must in the kitchen.

Questions12to15are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12.A.Some new problems in her work.

B.Cooperation with an international bank.

C.Her chance for promotion in the bank.

D.Her intention to leave her present job.

13.A.The World Bank.

B.Bank of Washington.

C.A U.S.finance corporation.

D.An investment bank in New York

14.A.Supervising financial transactions.

B.Taking charge of public relations.

C.Making loans to private companies in developing countries.

D.Offering service to international companies in the United States.

15.A.It is a first major step to realizing the woman's dream.

B.It is an honor for the woman and her present employer.

C.It is a loss for her current company.

D.It is really beyond his expectation.

Section B

Directions:In this section,you will hear3short passages.At the end of each passage,you will hear some questions.Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once.After you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet1with a single line through

the centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

Passage One

Questions16to18are based on the passage you have just heard.

16.A.Carry out a thorough checkup.

B.Try to keep the gas tank full.

C.Keep extra gas in reserve.

D.Fill up the water tank.

17.A.Attempting to leave your car to seek help.

B.Opening a window a bit to let in fresh air.

C.Running the engine every now and then.

D.Keeping the heater on for a long time.

18.A.It exhausts you physically.

B.It makes you fall asleep easily.

C.It causes you to lose body heat.

D.It consumes too much oxygen.

Passage Two

Questions19to21are based on the passage you have just heard.

19.A.They are very generous in giving gifts.

B.They refuse gifts when doing business.

C.They regard gifts as a token of friendship.

D.They give gifts only on special occasions.

20.A.They enjoy giving gifts to other people.

B.They spend a lot of time choosing gifts.

C.They have to follow many specific rules.

D.They pay attention to the quality of gifts.

21.A.Gift-giving plays an important role in human relationships.

B.We must be aware of cultural differences in giving gifts.

C.We must learn how to give gifts before going abroad.

D.Reading extensively makes one a better gift-giver.

Passage Three

Questions22to25are based on the passage you have just heard.

22.A.It reflects American people's view of French politics.

B.It is first published in Washington and then in Paris.

C.It explains American politics to the French public.

D.It is popular among French government officials.

23.A.Work on her column

B.Do housework at home.

C.Entertain her guests.

D.Go shopping downtown.

24.A.To report to her newspaper.

B.To refresh her French.

C.To visit her parents.

D.To meet her friends.

25.A.She might be recalled to France.

B.She might change her profession.

C.She might close her Monday column

D.She might be assigned to a new post.

Section C

Directions:In this section,you will hear a passage three times.When the passage is read for the first time,you should listen carefully for its general idea.When the passage is read for the second time,you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just hoard.Finally,when the passage is read for the third time,you should check what you have written.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

According to American law,if someone is accused of a crime,he is considered (26)__________until the court proves the person is guilty.

To arrest a person,the police have to be reasonably sure that a crime has been (27)__________The police must give the suspect the reasons why they are arresting him and tell him his rights under the law.Then the police take the suspect to the police station,where the name of the person and the(28)__________against him are formally listed.

The next step is for the suspect to go before a judge.The judge decides whether the suspect should be kept in jail or(29)__________.If the suspect has no previous criminal record and the judge feels that he will return to court(30) __________run away,he can go free.Otherwise,the suspect must put up bail(保释金).At this time,too,the judge will(31)___________a court lawyer to defend the suspect if he can't afford one.

The suspect returns to court a week or two later.A lawyer from the district attorney's office Mpresents a case against the suspect.The attorney may present (32)__________as well as witnesses.

The judge then decides whether there is enough reason to(33)__________The American justice system is very complex and sometimes operates slowly.However,every step is(34)__________to protect the rights of the people.These individual rights are the(35)__________of the American government.

Part III Reading Comprehension(40minutes)

Section A

Directions:In this section,there is a passage with ten blanks.You are required to select one word for each blank_from a list o.f choices given in a word bank following the passage.Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter.Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet2with a single line through the centre.You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions36to45are based on the following passage.

Thefact is,the world has been finding less oil than it has been using for more than twenty years now.Not only has demand been36,but the oil we have been finding is coming from places that are37to reach.At the same time,more of this newly38oil is of the type that requires a greater investment to39.And because demand for this precious resource will grow,according to some,by over40percent by2025, fueling the world's economic40will take a lot more energy from every possible source. The energy industry needs to get more from existing fields while continuing to

search for new41.Automakers must continue to improve fuel efficiency and perfect hybrid(混合动力的)vehicles.Technological improvements are needed so that wind, solar and hydrogen can be more42parts of the energy http://m.wendangku.net/doc/193bd1a6227916888586d7a7.htmlernments need to formulate energy policies that promote43and environmentally sound development. Consumers must be willing to pay for some of these solutions,while practicing conservation efforts of their own.

Inaction is not an44.So let's work together to balance this equation.We are taking some of the45needed to get started,but we need your help to go the rest of the way.注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

A.consequently

B.cultivate

C.declining

D.derived

E.difficult

F.discovered

G.economically

H.exception

I.feasible

J.growth

K.optionL)refine

M.reserves

N.soaring

O.steps

Section B

Directions:In this section,you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it.Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived.You may choose a paragraph more than once.Each paragraph is marked with a letter.Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet2.

I Cry,Therefore I Am

A)In2008,at a German zoo,a gorilla(大猩猩)named Gana gave birth to a male infant, who died after three months.Photographs of Gana,looking stricken and inconsolable (伤心欲绝的),attracted crowds to the zoo.Sad as the scene was,the humans,not Gana,were the only ones crying.The notion that animals can weep has no scientific basis.Years of observations by biologists Dian Fossey,who observed gorillas,and Jane Goodall,who worked with chimpanzees(黑猩猩),could not prove that animals cry tears from emotion.

B)It's true that many animals shed tears,especially in response to pain.Tears protect the eye by keeping it moist.But crying as an expression of feeling is tmique to humans and has played an essential role in human evolution and the development of human cultures.

C)Within two days an infant can imitate sad and happy faces.If an infant does not cry out,it is unlikely to get the attention it needs to survive.Around34months, the relationship between the human infant and its environment takes on a more

organized commtmicative role,and tearful crying begins to serve interpersonal purposes:the search for comfort and pacification(抚慰).As we get older,crying becomes a tool of social interaction:grief and joy,shame and pride,fear and manipulation.

D)Tears are as universal as laughter,and grief is more complex than joy.But although we all cry,we do so in different ways.Women cry more frequently and intensely than men,especially when exposed to emotional events.Like crying,depression is, around the world,more commonly seen in women than in men.One explanation might be that women,who despite decades of social advances still suffer from economic inequality,discrimination(歧视)and even violence,might have more to cry about. Men not only cry for shorter periods than women,but they also are less inclined to explain their tears,usually shed them more quietly,and tend more frequently to apologize when they cry openly.Men,like women,report crying at the death of a loved one and in response to a moving religions experience.They are more likely than women to cry when their core identities--as providers and protectors,as fathers and fighters--are questioned.

E)People who score on personality tests as more sympathetic cry more than those who are more rigid or have more self-control.Frequency of crying varies widely: some shed tears at any novel or movie,others only a handful of times in their lives. Crying in response to stress and conflict in the home,or after emotional trauma (创伤),lasts much longer than tears induced by everyday sadness--which in turn last longer than tears of delight and joy.

F)Sadness is our primary association with crying,but the fact is that people report feeling happier after crying.Surveys estimate that85%of women and73%of men report feeling better after shedding tears.Surprisingly,crying is more commonly associated with minor forms of depression than with major depression involving suicidal thoughts.

G)People widely report that crying relieves tension,restores emotional balance and provides"catharsis,"a washing out of bad feelings.The term"catharsis"has religious implications of removing evil and sin;it's no surprise that religious ceremonies are,around the world,one of the main settings for the release of tears.

H)Crying is a nearly universal sign of grief,though some mourners report that, despite genuine sorrow,they cannot shed tears--sometimes even for years after their loved one has gone.Unlike today,when the privacy of grief is more respected,the public or ceremonial shedding of tears,at the graveside of a spouse or the funeral of a king or queen,was once considered socially or even politically essential.

I)Crying has also served other social purposes.Rousseau wrote in his Confessions that while he considered tears the most powerful expression of love,he also just liked to cry over nothing.

J)The association of tears with art has ancient roots.The classic Greek tragedies of the fifth century

B.C.were primarily celebrations of gods.Tragedies,like poetry and music,were staged religions events.Even then it was recognized that crying in response to drama brought pleasure.

K)I have argued that there are neurobiological(神经生物方面的)associations linking the arts and mood disorders.When I lecture on crying,I ask my audience to let me know,by a show of hands,which art forms most move them to tears.About 80%say music,followed closely by novels(74%),but then the figures fall sharply, to43%,for poetry,and10-22%for paintings,sculpture and architecture.

L)The physical act of crying is mainly one of breathing in air,which is why we choke up when we weep.This suggests to language scientists that emotional crying evolved before language,perhaps explaining why tears communicate states of mind and feelings that are often so difficult to express in words.Of course,from an evolutionary perspective,recognition of emotion(usually through facial gesture) was essential for survival.

M)The earliest humans arrived sevetal million years ago,but only150,000to200,000 years ago,did cultures,language,religion and the arts arise.Along the way,tears became more than a biological necessity to lubricate(润滑)the eye and developed into a sign of intense emotion and a signal of social bonding.The development of self-consciousness and the notion of individual identity,or ego;storytelling about the origins of the world,the creation of humanity and life after death;and the ability to feel others'sadness--all were critical parts of the neurobiological changes that made us human

N)More recently,we've learned from neuroscience that certain brain circuits(回路)are activated(激活),rapidly and unconsciously,when we see another in emotional distress.In short,our brain evolved circuits to allow us to experience sympathy, which in turn made civilization,and an ethics based on sympathy,possible.So the next time you reach a tissue box,or sob on a friend's shoulder,or shed tears at the movies,stop and reflect on why we cry and what it means to cry.Becanse ultimately, while we love to cry,we also cry to love.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

46.Nowadays people respect the privacy of grief more than in the past.

47.Infants cry to attract attention for survival.

48.There is no scientific evidence as yet that animals can shed tears from emotion.

49.Tears can perform certain communicative functious which words cannot.

50.Our ability to experience sympathy is essential to the development of civilization.

51.People are more inclined to cry when suffering minor forms of depression.

52.Sometimes people cannot cry despite genuine grief.

53.In humans'long history,tears have developed an essential role in social relationships.

54.Men are less likely to give reasons for their tears.

55.Crying has long been associated with art.

Section C

Directions:There are2passages in this section.Each passage is followed by some questions or

unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C.and D).

You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet2

with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions56to60are based on the following passage.

Hospitals,hoping to curb medical error,have invested heavily to put computers, smartphones and other devices into the hands of medical staff for instant access to patient data,drug information and case studies.

But like many cures,this solution has come with an unintended side effect:doctors and nurses can be focused on the screen and not the patient,even during moments of critical care.A poll showed that half of medical technicians had admitted texting during a procedure.

This phenomenon has set off an intensifying discussion at hospitals and medical schools about a problem perhaps best described as"distracted doctoring."In response,some hospitals have begun limiting the use of electronic devices in critical settings,while schools have started reminding medical students to focus on patients instead of devices.

"You justify carrying devices around the hospital to do medical records,but you can surf the Internet or do Facebook,and sometimes Facebook is more tempting," said Dr.Peter Papadakos at the University of Rochester Medical Center.

"My gut feeling(本能的感觉is lives are in danger,"said Dr.Papadakos."We're not educating people about the problem,and it's getting worse."

A survey of439medical technicians found that55percent of technicians who monitor bypass machines acknowledged that they had talked on cellphones during heart surgery.Half said they had texted while in surgery.The study concluded,"Such distractions have the potential to be disastrous."

Medical professionals have always faced interruptions from cellphones,and multitasking is simply a fact of life for many medical jobs.What has changed,say doctors,especially younger ones,is that they face increasing pressure to interact with their devices.

The pressure stems from a mantra(信条)of modem medicine that patient care must be"data driven,"and informed by the latest,instantly accessible information. By many accounts,the technology has helped reduce medical error by providing instant access to patient data or prescription details.

Dr.Peter Carmel,president of the American Medical Association,said technology "offers great potential in health care."but he added that doctors'first priority should be with the patient.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

56.Why do hospitals equip their staff with computers,smartphones and other devices?

A.To reduce medical error.

B.To cope with emergencies.

C.To facilitate administration.

D.To simplify medical procedures.

57.What does the author refer to by"distracted doctoring"?

A.The disservice done by modem devices to doctors,nurses,as well as patients.

B.The tendency of medical institutions encouraging the use of modem devices.

C.The problem of devices preventing doctors from focusing on their patients.

D.The phenomenon of medical staff attending to personal affairs while working.

58.What does Dr.Peter Papadakos worry about?

A.Medical students are not adequately trained to use modem technology.

B.Doctor's interaction with their devices may endanger patients'lives.

C.Doctors are relying too heavily on modem electronic technology.

D.Pressures on the medical profession may become overwhelming.

59.Why do doctors feel increasing pressure to use modem devices?

A.Patients trust doctors who use modern technology.

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/193bd1a6227916888586d7a7.htmle of modem devices adds to hospitals'revenues.

C.Data is given too much importance in patient care.

D.Patients'data has to be revised from time to time.

60.What is Peter Carmel's advice to doctors?

A.They follow closely the advances in medical science.

B.They focus their attention on the patient's condition.

C.They observe hospital rules and regulations.

D.They make the best use of modem devices.

Passage Two

Questions61to65are based on the following passage.

I have closely watched my generation,known as The Millennials,for29years now. Joel Stein wrote an extensive piece on Millennials and he remains rather optimistic about our potential.

I hesitate to share his optimism because of a paradox(矛盾的现象)we seem to exhibit, namely,that there are more avenues for us to entertain ourselves than ever before, yet we are more bored than ever before.

Entertainment has never been more varied.We have more cable channels,television shows,and movies than ever before.Intemet providers allow instant viewing of almost any movie or television program ever created.Social drinking and partying are also widely available for Millennials.Every generation develops these habits at a certain age,but Millennials seem to be extending this phase of life as they postpone marriage.

Some of this is undoubtedly due to The Great http://m.wendangku.net/doc/193bd1a6227916888586d7a7.htmllennials are having a difficult time finding jobs;only47percent of16-to-24-year-olds are employed, the smallest share since government started recording data in1948.

But do Millennials respond to these economic troubles by doing whatever it takes to make ends meet?Hardly.In fact,of the four generations Pew Research has data for,the Millennial generation does not cite work ethic(勤奋工作)as distinctive of http://m.wendangku.net/doc/193bd1a6227916888586d7a7.htmllennials want to save the world,but they sit and wait for that world-changing opportunity to be handed to them.Instead of working2-3jobs, launching a business,or doing what it takes to succeed,they http://m.wendangku.net/doc/193bd1a6227916888586d7a7.htmllennials may be the first generation to have a lower standard of living than their parents, but with this response to adversity(逆境),perhaps deservingly so.

Much ink has been spilled in management books discussing how to get the most out of these youths in the http://m.wendangku.net/doc/193bd1a6227916888586d7a7.htmlrgely,they come to the same conclusion: Millennials are entitled,over-confident,and expect too much too quickly.We should not be surprised.Today's young adults were raised by parents who made sure to boost their self-esteem at every turn,telling them they could achieve whatever they set their minds to,and handing out prizes for the sixth place.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

61.What does the author of the passage think of Millennials?

A.They show little interest in entertainment.

B.They are not confident about their ability.

C.They enjoy an easy life due to high technology.

D.They may not have bright prospects for success.

62.How do Millennials feel about their life?

A.They can hardly do anything about it.

B.There is little in it to get excited about.

C.It is not as good as their parents'

D.It is full of opportunities for success.

63.In what way are Millennials different from previous generations according to Pew Research?

A.They spend less time socializing.

B.They are indifferent to others.

C.They do not value hard work.

D.They are more independent.

64.What should Millennials do according to the author?

A.Remain optimistic in face of adversity.

B.Start a business as early as possible.

C.Make full use of new opportunities.

D.Take action to change their situation.

65.Why are Millennials over-confident about themselves?

A.They have been spoiled by their parents.

B.They can always get whatever they expect.

C.They are misguided by management books.

D.They think they are young and energetic.

Part IV Translation(30minutes)

Directions:For this part,you are allowed30minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English.

You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

中国教育工作者早就认识到读书对于国家的重要意义。有些教育工作者2003年就建议设立全民读书日。他们强调。人们应当读好书,尤其是经典著作。通过阅读,人们能更好地学会感恩、有责任心和与人合作,而教育的目的正是要培养这些基本素质。阅读对于中小学生尤为重要,假如他们没有在这个关键时期培养阅读的兴趣,以后要养成阅读的习惯就很难了。注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

2014年6月四级真题答案详解(第2套)

Part I Writing

The Must-visit Place in My Campus

写作指南

这是一篇介绍性说明文,考生可以结合实际情况,客观描述自己学校的著名景点,重点是陈述该景点值得介绍的原因。第一段可以开篇点题,第二段描述该景点的特色,第三段总结全文。文章的结构可安排如下:

第一段:开门见山地点明想带外国朋友游览的景点。

第二段:列举该景点值得游览的原因。注意该段落为主体部分,最好能罗列两个或更多具有说服力的优点予以说明。

第三段:言简意赅地复述前两段的内容,总结全文。注意,该总结段尽量不要简单重复第一、二段的表达,应尽量换种表达.以使全文的表达富有多样性。

2014年6月英语四级考试真题及答案(第2套)

2014年6月英语四级考试真题及答案(第2套)

万能句型

2014年6月英语四级考试真题及答案(第2套)

1.If l were to guide…around….l woulld choose…,a major scenic spotasour first destination.假设我要带……游览……,我会选择主要景点——……——作为我们此行的首个目的地。

2.Ifis coming to visit.…l will take…t0…first.假设……即将造访…….我会首先带……去……。

3Tf T wprp tn name the first destination that…should pay a visit,1would definitely come up with…如果要让我推荐……应该首先游览的目的地.我会毫无疑问地推荐……。

2014年6月英语四级考试真题及答案(第2套)

1.In short一.简而言之,……。

2.In conclusion….总而言之,……。

3.All in all…总而言之…

写作模板

If l were to guide(某人)around(某地),1would choose(某具体景点),a major scenic spot,as our first destination.

Situated in(某方位),(某具体景点)is artistically designed and beautiful,(列举第一个优点).Also dotted in(某具体景点)are(列举第二个优点).What’s more,(列举第三个优点).There are also(列举第四个优点).

In shortIbelieve(某人)will enjoy his]her tour to(某具体景点).

PartⅡListening Comprehension

2014年6月英语四级考试真题及答案(第2套)

1.M:Did you buy any of the sweaters that were on sale?

W:Buy any?I got five of them.They were such a good bargain.

O:What does the woman say about the sweaters?

【B】【解析】男士询问女士是否买了在降价促销(on sale)的毛衣,女士回答说买了5件,认为它们是a good bargain。

bargain作名词时指廉价的商品,词组a good bargain则指“自己占便宜、划算的交易”,故B项“(毛衣)物有所值”正确。【点睛】①由D项中的sold out“售謦”可知,they指代某类商品。②录音是说女士买了5件毛衣,并非指毛衣有5种不同的颜色,A项排除。女士只强调了毛衣的便宜,C项“毛衣的设计很好”和D项“毛衣很快就卖完了”都是无中生有。

2.W:I have trouble concentrating when my roommate talks so loud on her mobile phone. M:Why don't you just ask her to lower her voice?

O:What does the man surest the woman do?

【A】【解析】女士投诉她的室友讲电话声音太大,令她无法集中精神。男士用了why don’t you的句型建议女士叫她的室友小声点(10wer her voice),A项中的not to speak loudly 与对话中的lower her voice同义,故确定A项为答案。

【点睛】①四个选项均为祈使句,都与提建议相关,听音时特别留意与建议相关的内容。②B项“叫她的室友到外面讲电话”只是利用对话中的mobile phone作干扰。C项“出去找个安静点的地方复习功课”和D项“向宿管处报告”都是无中生有。

3.W:Wendy is in the basement,trying to fix the washing machine.

M:Shouldn't she be working on her annual report?

O:What does the man mean?

【C】【解析】女士说Wendy在地下室修理洗衣机,男士用了否定式的反问句说,“难道她不是应该在写年度报告吗?”,相当于she should be working on her annual report,男士的话暗示,Wendy这个时间应该首先完成报告,而不去修理洗衣机,C项“Wendy应优先写报告”正确。

【点睛】①选项出现两大关键词washing machine及annual report,听音时注意两者的有关信息。②A项“洗衣机已完全修不好”过度推断,男士只是强调Wendy应该先写报告,无法推断是Wendy是否能修好洗衣机。B项也是过度推断。男士的话并不能理解为他会帮Wendy

写报告。D项只是拼凑了对话中的washing machine及annual作干扰,其内容没有实质根据。

4.W:What happened to the painting that used to be on the wall?

M:It fell down and the glass broke.I'm having it reframed.

O:What do we learn from the conversation?

【D】【解析】女士问墙上的画去哪了,男士回答说它掉下来,玻璃碎了,他正在帮画重新装画框(having it reframed)。

D项复现对话中的reframed,内容与对话相符。

【点睛】①四个选项中都出现the paintin9,两个选项含有wall,故推测对话与墙上的画有关。②掉到地上的是画,而不是男士.故A项“男士在拿走画时,摔到地上了”错误。由对话可推测,画被重新上框后会挂回去,而是不会更换新画.故B项“墙上会挂一幅新画”错误。女士只是好奇墙上的画不见了,但无法推知她是否喜欢该画,故C项女士喜欢墙上的画”错误。③refr是由frame“给……装上框架”派生出来的,前缀re一表示“重新,再次”,故此可推测reframe为“为……重新加上框”。

5.M:You must have left the camera in the market.It's a very expensive camera, you know.

W:But I tell you that I didn't take it I remember clearly that you put it on the dressing table.

Q:What does the woman say about the camera?

B]【解析】男士责怪女士在市场里丢了相机,但女士说她清楚记得她没有带相机出门,男士把相机放在梳妆台(dressing table)了,故可知.女士认为相机留在房间了,B项正确。【点睛】①由选项中的missing,left等词可推测对话与丢失某物品有关。②女士认为相机在梳妆台没拿出来,并未丢失.A项“相机丢了”和C项“男士把相机带到市场”错误。把相机放在梳妆台的是男士,并非女士,故D项“她把相机放在梳妆台了”也错误。③本题的关键在于听到并知道dressing table的含义,就算不知道dressing table的具体含义.考生根据dressing与衣着、打扮有关,也可推测出答案。

6.W:There is a good comedy on at the Theatre Royal next Saturday.ff you like,

I can book four seats for us.

M:All right.I'll ask Janet if she is free then.I'll let you know tomorrow. Q:What does the woman suggest they do next Saturday?

【A】【解析】女士提到下周六在皇家剧院(TheatreRoyal有一出不错的喜剧(comedy)上演,并说可以预订四张票,故女士是建议去看戏剧,A项中的play指“戏剧,话剧”,包括对话中的comedy,故为正确答案。

【点睛】①对话中的Theatre‘‘剧院”一词也提示A项正确。②B项“见Janet’’及C 项“订票”都不是下周六要做的事,故排除这两项。D项get-together“聚会”范围过大,不如A项准确。

7.W:We've opened the first box.Look!Some of these books are soaked.

M:They should've used waterproof wrappings.What are we going to do about it?It's too late to order replacements.

O:What do we learn from the conversation?

【D】【解析】女士提到有些书遭到了浸泡(soaked),D项中的damaged“受损”对应对话中的soaked,故D项为答案。

【点睛】①选项反复出现box,books及一些负面情况,故预测本题询问书本的寄送出现了什么问题。②A项中的missing“丢失了”没有根据。B项利用对话中的too late作干扰,

对话是说现在订替换的书太迟了,而不是书到得太迟.对话明确提到“订替换的书太迟了”,所以就没有订的必要了,C项“必须订替代品”错误。

8.W:Professor Johnson said you can pick up your term paper at her office.

M:So she has graded it?

O:What can we infer from the conversation?

【B】【解析】女士告知男士,说他可以到Professor Johnson办公室拿回他的学期论文了,男士以惊讶的语气问“她已经打分了?”,表明男士没有想到Professor Johnson这么快就评好分了,B项正确。

【点睛】①有三个选项均与Professor Johnson的行为有关,预测本题询问Professor Johnson的相关行为。②男士可以pick up的是他的term paper,而不是Professor Johnson,故A项错误。C项“Professor Johnson给男士评了很高的分”过度推测,男士惊讶的是Professor Johnson的评分速度,与分数无关。D项只是简单拼凑了对话中的Professor Johnson和in her office.其内容无实质根据。

Now you'll hear the two long conversations.

Conversation One

W:Can I help you?

M:Well,I'm not sure.I hope so.You see,actually,[9]I'm getting married soon. And my friends want to buy me presents and things.

W:And you would like some things for the kitchen?

M:Yes,that's right.[9]I thought if I could fred out about kitchen things,they would be the best sort of presents.

W:Well,I suppose the first thing you need is a cooker.Do you want an electric one or a gas one?

M:Em.I think I'd probably prefer a gas one,but cookers are very expensive,aren't they?How much is this one?

W:It's one hundred and seventy-five pounds,including tax and delivery.It's a very good one though.

M:But it's a lot of money,isn't it?What sorts of things could I ask people to buy,you know,cheaper?

W:We]l,you need some pans,won't you?A set of saucepans,I suppose,and frying pans.[10]Do you like cooking?

M:Yes,I suppose so.

W:Well.[10]In that case,you might like a mixer.If you make cakes and things like that,it'll save you a lot of time.[10]And a blender too.That's good if you make soups and things.

M:Era.That's a thought.

W:Something else you might use is[ll]a set of these knives,you know,carving knives, bread knives,steak knives,fruit knives,potato peeling knives.

M:[ll]Heavens!I never knew there were so many sorts.

W:Oh,http://m.wendangku.net/doc/193bd1a6227916888586d7a7.htmle over here and I'll show you some more.

9.Why is the man in the kitchenware shop?

[C]【解析】男士在对话的开头提到,他快要结婚了.而他的朋友准备买礼物给他。之后他又提到要看看有什么厨房用具是朋友可以买来送给他的,故C项“看看可以让他的朋友买什么给他’,正确。

【点睛】①纵观第9题至第11题的选项.可知本题的对话内容与厨房用具有关,场境很可能是在商场中。②本题四个选项均为动词不定式短语,预测本题询问做某事的目的。③A项“为他将要结婚的朋友买礼物”张冠李戴,是男士自己准备结婚,不是他的朋友。B项“为了找出一整套厨具的价格”和D项“为了询问电子炉具的价格”都不是男士的目的。10.Wlly does the woman want to know whether the man likes cooking?

【D】【解析】对话中,女士在询问男士是否喜欢烹饪后.就向男士介绍了几款具体的厨具.如mixer,blender和knives,故可推测女士这样问的目的是为了更有针对性地向男士推荐厨房用具,故D项“向他推荐合适的厨具”正确。

【点睛】由对话内容可推测,女士的身份是一名售货员,男士是一位顾客,故A项“教他如何使用厨具”、B项“与他讨论烹饪经验”和C项“告诉他如何煮佳肴”都不合情理。11.What does the man say he has never real-ized?

【A】【解析】在对话的末尾,女士向男士介绍了一套刀具.

其中列举了几种不同用途的刀.如carving knives雕花刀”、bread knives“面包刀”、steak knives“牛排刀”等等,男士用惊讶的语气说Heavens!“天啊!”,说他从不知道有这么多种刀,故男士之前并未意识到会有这么多种刀,A项正确。

【点睛】④本题除听清楚男士说话的内容外.听清楚他惊讶语气也很重要。②男士在整个对话中并没有选定礼物,故8项“厨具是非常实用的礼物”不正确。

C项“搅拌器在制作蛋糕时可以节省很多时间”和D项“平底锅和煎锅是厨房的必需品”只是利用对话出现的个别字眼,如nlixer,saucepans和frying pans制造干扰,其内容并没有原文根据。

Conversation Two

M:Good morning,Mrs.Thompson.

W:Oh,Mr.Minisuka.Please come in and sit down.[12]I want to talk to you about something that's

come up.

M:What'S up?Anyway,I'll be glad to help you with anything I can.

W:Some advice,Mr.Minisuka.[12]I've been offered a new job.

M:A new job?

W:As a matter of fact,it isn't the bank in New York.

M:Is the offer from another bank?

W:[13]It's from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development in Washington.

M:[13]You mean the World Bank?

W:[13]That's right.And it's really very unexpected,I must say.

M:You've established a reputation in international banldng circles.May I ask what kind of position they've offered you?

W:A rather important one,as a matter of fact,[14]Deputy Director of the International Finance Corporation.

M:[14]Isn't that the part of the bank that makes loan to private companies in the developing countries?

W:[14]Yes,it is.It's a job that certainly offers a chance for public service. M:[15]It seems to me that it's a real honor for you.

W:Yes,it is.But I've been with this bank for so many years,ever since I graduated from college in fact.

M:[15]But it's an honor for the bank,too,for the training and experience it's given you.

W:Yes,I suppose I could think of it that way.

M:[12]Then you've decided to accept the offer?

W:[12]Probably,yes,almost certainly.I'd like to think I can do some work that will contribute to international cooperation and understanding.

12.What does the woman want to discuss with the man?

[D]【解析】对话的开头女士就跟男士说,她收到一份新工作的邀请(I've been offered a new job),之后就一直讲述这份新工作的内容,对话的最后女士表示很有可能接受这份新工作,故可判断女士就是想和男士讨论辞职,另谋高就的问题,D项正确。

【点睛】①纵观第l3题至第15题的选项,发现多次出现bank,work,company等词,故对话应该与在银行工作或转换公司有关。②对话的大部分内容都是讲述新的工作的内容,与女士现有工作无关,故A项“她工作中的一些问题”和C项“她在所在银行的晋升”错误。8项“与国际银行的合作”只是拼凑了对话中的Cooperation和international bank,也不是女士谈话的目的。

13.Who offered the woman the new job?

【A】【解析】男士询问女士工作邀请是来自哪间银行的,女士回答是International Bank for Reconstruction and Development in Washington.男士问是不是就是World Bank,并得到女士的肯定回答,故女士的新工作就是来自World Bank的,A项

为答案。

【点睛】①四个选项均为银行或企业机构,听音时听到各选项的相关内容时,可用笔记下信息要点,以便之后与问题对照。②world Bank所在地是在Washington.但银行名称不是叫“华盛顿银行”,B项错误。C项中的finance corporation是女士要工作的部门.而不是其公司名称,C项错误。女士已明确说银行不在纽约,故D项也错误。

14.What will be the woman’s main responsibility as a Deputy Director?

【C】【解析】女士提到她的职位是International Finance Corporation的副总裁.男士问职责是不是向发展中国家的私人企业贷款(makes loan to private companies in the developing eountries).女士给出了肯定回答,C项复现了对话原词,为本题答案。

【点睛】①四个选项均为动名词结构,内容都与工作职责有关,故推测本题问某人或某职位的工作职责。②其他三项都与女士的职责无关,也没有实质根据。A项“监管金融交易”,B项“负责公共关系”,D项“向美国的跨国公司提供服务”。

15.What does the man think of the job offer?

[B]【解析】男士分两次提到,这份工作对于女士来说是荣幸(it’s a real honor for you),同时也是女士现在所在银行的荣幸(it’s an honor for the bank.too).B项概括了这两点,其中的her present employer“现在的雇主”指的就是女士现在工作的银行。

【点睛】①选项是对It价值的评价,听音时注意听清楚It的指代。②A项“这是实现女士梦想的重要一步”在对话中完全没有提到。C项“这是女士现在所在银行的损失”与对话中男士提到的honor相反。D项“这真的超出男士的预期”张冠李戴.对话中说超出预期的是女士(it’S really very unexpected),而不是男士。

2014年6月英语四级考试真题及答案(第2套)

Passage One

Good transportation is very important in winter.[16]If you have a car,make sure it is ready for the cold weather.Keep the gas tank as nearly full as you can.This will keep water out of the tank and will be a reserve in case you get into trouble.

If a storm traps you in your car,there are some steps you should take for your own safety.[17A]Do not attempt to walk to find help.You may quickly lose your way in blowing and snow.Your chances of being found are better if you stay in your car. [17B]Keep a downwind window open slightly for fresh air.Freezing rain can seal off your car and lock you inside.[17C]Run the engine and heater once in a while.Keep the same downwind window open while the engine is running.Make sure that snow has not blocked the exhaust pipe.Clap your hands and move your arms and legs from time to time.Do not stay in one position too long.[18]But do not move too much.Exercise warms you up,but it also causes you to lose body heat.If more than one person is in the car,do not sleep at the same time.One person should always be awake.If you are alone,stay awake as long as you can Turn on the inside light at night.This will make your car more visible to rescue crews.Don't panic.Stay with your car. 16.What does the speaker say you should do in winter with your car?

【B】【解析】短文开头部分提到,在冬天,要确保你的汽车为寒冬作好准备,并建议要尽量让油箱充满汽油(Keep the gas tank as nearly full as you can).B项几乎为原文复现,为本题答案。

【点睛】①纵观这三题的选项,均与car有关,故推断本文与汽车的保养或问题有关。②短文开头只是说要确保汽车做好应对寒冷天气的准备,接下来几句说的都是要给汽车油箱装满油,可见这里所谓“做好准备”主要是指给油箱装满油。而这不等于要为汽车做彻底的检查.故A项“进行彻底的检查”错误。文中提到加满油可以作为一种储备(will be a reserve),并非C项说的“要留些额外的汽油作储备”。原文说的是keep water out of the tank“让水不要进入到油箱中”.而不是要填满水箱,D项也错误。

17.What should you avoid doing if a storm traps you in the car?

【A】【解析】录音提到,被风暴困住时的注意事项,其中提到不要走到车外求救(Do not attempt to walk to find help).A项所述与此相符。

【点睛】①注意要听清问题问的是“要避免做的事”。四个选项的内容都在录音有提到.听音要在选项旁加上相应标注.记清哪些做法是对的,哪些是错的。②其他三项在录音中都有提到,都是应该要做的事。B项“开一点窗.让新鲜空气进入车内”,C项“时不时发动一下引擎”.D项“长时间开着暖气”(由于天气寒冷,开着暖气有助于人的身体保暖)。18.Whv is too much exercise undesirable when you are trapped in a car by a winter storm?

【C】【解析】文中提到,不要做幅度太大的动作,因为会让你失去体热(causes you to lose body heat),C项复现了原文原词,为正确答案。

【点睛】①四个选项均为It带来的负面影响,故推测本题询问不要做某事的原因。②其他三项均无原文根据。A项“这会耗尽你的体能”,B项“这会让你容易入睡”,D项“这会消耗太多的氧气”。

Passage Two

The topic of my talk today is gift giving.Everybody likes to receive gifts,right? So you may think that gift giving is a universal custom.But actually the rules of gift giving vary quite a lot.And not knowing them can result in great embarrassment. In North America the rules are fairly simple.If you're invited to someone's home for dinner,bring wine or flowers,or a small item from your country.

[19]Among friends,family and business associates,we generally don't give gifts on other occasions except on someone's birthday and Christmas.The Japanese,on

the other hand,give gifts quite frequently,often to thank someone for their kindness.The tradition of gift giving in Japan is very ancient.[20]There are many detailed rules for everything,from the color of the wrapping paper to the time of the gift presentation,And while Europeans don't generally exchange business gifts, they do follow some formal customs when visiting homes,such as bringing flowers. The type and color of flowers,however,can carry special meaning.Today we have seen some broad differences in gift giving.

I could go on with additional examples.But let's not miss the main point here.

[21]If we are not aware of and sensitive to cultural differences,the possibilities from miscommunication and conflict are enormous.Whether we learn about these differences by reading a book or by living abroad,our goal must be to respect differences among people in order to get along successfully with our global neighbors.

19.What does the speaker say about gift giving of North Americans?

【D】【解析】录音的开头就介绍美国人的送礼习俗,其中提到在朋友、亲人和生意伙伴之间,除了生日和圣诞等特殊场合,一般不送礼(don’t give gifts…except on someone’S birthday and Christmas),D项“他们只在特殊场合送礼”,是对录音内容的反话正说.表达内容一致。

【点睛】①第l9题至第21题的各选项均提到送礼(give gifts).故推测短文的内容-9送礼的习俗或文化有关。②根据本题选项中9iving gifts,refuse guts等词可知。本题询问某类人的送礼收礼习俗。听问题时要注意听清是问North Americans。③A项中的generous“慷慨”没有根据。虽然北美人只在特殊场合送礼.但并不代表他们在谈生意时不会收礼,B项错误。C项“他们把礼物当成友谊的象征”也没有原文根据。

20.What do we learn about the Japanese concerning gift giving?

【C】【解析】录音提到,日本人送礼的频率更高,而且送礼有许多细节要注意,包括包装纸的颜色及送礼时间等.可见日本人有很多具体的送礼礼仪,C项正确。

【点睛】①本题的选项内容与上题类似,也是关于某类人的送礼习俗,听音时注意区分哪些选项是对应哪类人群的。做好相应笔记。注意听清本题问的是Japanese。②A项“他们很喜欢送礼给别人”偷换了概念.录音只是说他们的送礼频率较北美人高,而且他们送礼是有原因的(thank someone for their kindness),并非随便就送礼,故A项错误。B项“他们花很多时间选礼物”及D项“他们很注重礼物的质量”都是主观臆断,并没有原文根据。21.What point does the speaker make at the end of the talk?

[B]【解析】在录音的最后,说话者特别提到(not miss the main point).如果我们不了解文化差异,在交流中就很可能产生误解甚至冲突,故说话者是在强调送礼时注意文化差异的重要性,B项正确。

【点睛】A项“送礼于人际关系起至关重要的作用”偏离主题.录音强调只是送礼习俗的差异,并非强调送礼本身的社交作用。C项“我们出国前必须学会如何送礼”缩小了原文的概念,我们要学会的是外国的送礼文化.并不单单是如何送礼。D项“广泛阅读可让人更好地送礼”利用录音最后的reading a book制造干扰,原文只是说可以通过书本来了解文化差异,与D项内容无关。

Passage Three

Claudette Rigol is a reporter for a French newspaper.Her assignment for the last five years has been Washington and American politics.She reports the current political news for her paper.In addition,she writes a column that is published every

week.[22]The column explains American politics to her readers in France.They often find it very difficult to understand the United States and Americans. Claudette lives in a small house in a fashionable section of Washington She entertains a great deal.Her guests are usually government officials,diplomats, lawyers and other newspaper people.When she isn't entertaining,she goes out to dinners and parties.In spite of her busy social life,Claudette works very hard. The parties are really work for her,because reporters frequently get new stories just by talking and listening to people.Claudette also has a small office in a building downtown.She goes there every morning to write up her stories and send them to Paris.[23]Her column is published every Monday,so she usually spends a large part of the weekend working on it at home.[24]Claudette spends a month in France every year,so that she won't forget how to speak French.In spite of all her experience in Washington,Claudette may be transferred.This is an election year in the United States when the people elect a new president.[25]When the election is over,Claudette thinks that her newspaper in Paris may change her assignment. 22.What do we learn about the column Claudette writes?

[C]【解析】原文提到Claudette的专栏是向她法国的读者解释美国的政治事务,C项复现了原文的explains American politics.而French public则对应录音中的her readers in France,故C项为正确答案。

【点睛】①由选项中的published“出版”可知,It可能指代某本书刊或书刊上的内容.并且与政治事务相关。②Claudette的专栏介绍的是美国政务,而不是法国的。只是该专栏的读者群是法国,故A项“该专栏反映美国人对法国政务的见解”错误。Claudette是为一份法国报纸工作,只是工作地点在华盛顿而已,故她的专栏应该只会在法国出版.录音也没有提到专栏会在华盛顿出版,故B项“该专栏先在华盛顿出版.之后在巴黎出版”错误。D项“该专栏受到法国政府官员的欢迎”无中生有。

23.What does Claudette usually do on weekends?

[A]【解析】录音提到,Claudette的专栏在周一出版,所以她周末大部分时间都需要在家写专栏(spends alarge part of the weekend working on it),A项正确。

【点睛】①四个选项均为动词原形短语,内容与平时的娱乐和工作相关。听音时应注意在听到与选项相关的内容时记下相关信息。本题要注意听清问题是问weekends。②B项“在家做家务”和D项“去市区购物”均没有在录音中提到。C项中的Entertain和guests有在录音中出现,但这并不是Claudette周末的活动。

24.Why does ClaudeUe spend a month in France every year?

[B]【解析】录音提到Claudette每年会在法国住一段时间,SO that表目的,说这是为了让她不要忘记法语(SO that she won’t forget how to speak French),B项中的refresh 有“使想起,使记起”之意,与录音内容相符。

【点睛】①四个选项均为不定式短语,推测本题询问做某事的目的。②其他三项均没有在录音中提到,A项“向她的报纸作报告”,C项“探望她的父母”,D项“与朋友见面”。25.What might happen to Claudette after this year’S American presidential election? D【解析】录音最后提到,当总统大选结束后,Claudette认为巴黎的报社会更改她的工作任务(change her assignment),D项中的new post指“新岗位”,该项说她会被委派新的工作岗位与录音所述一致,D项为答案。

【点睛】(D四个选项均与She的工作调动有关,听清时注意听清这方面的内容。②录音只是说改变她的工作任务.并没有明确指出新的工作任务是什么、她未来的工作地点在哪.A

相关推荐
相关主题
热门推荐