仁爱英语八年级下册学习笔记

仁爱英语八年级下册学习笔记

Unit5 Topic1

Section A

1.How are you (doing)?Very well, thank you. 你好吗?- 很好,谢谢。

2.say thanks / hello / sorry / goodbye to sb 向某人说声谢谢/ 你好/抱歉/再见

3.invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事

4.感官动词用法:感官动词+形容词(adj)

look excited 看起来兴奋,激动

feel happy感到高兴

feel disappointed感到失望

taste delicious/ good尝起来美味

sound wonderful / sweet / great听起来精彩/甜美/不错

smell terrible闻起来恶心

go mad / bad 发疯/变坏

turn green / yellow 变成绿色/黄色

5.one of + 最高级+ pl.(可数名词复数) 最…之一

6. prepare sth for sb = prepare sb. sth. 为某人准备好某事

prepare to do sth. 准备做某事

7. get / buy the ticket to / for 买到一张…的票

8. on the / one’s way to 在去往…的路上

on the way home / here / there 在回家/去这儿/那儿的路上

on the way to the park去公园的路上

9.go to the movies = go to see the movie去看电影

10. be able to do = can / could do 能够做…

11. What a shame / pity. 真遗憾。

Section B

1.He seems a little ( to be ) unhappy 他似乎不高兴。

连系动词的分类:

表示“感官”的连系动词:look, sound, feel, smell, taste, touch等。

表示“变化”的连系动词:get, turn, go, become等。

表示“保持某种状态”的词:keep, stay, seem等。

表示状态的系动词,即be动词:is, am, are, was, were

表象系动词:seem, appear

2.I hope he can see the movie next time.我希望他下次能看这部电影。

3.right now / away = at once 立即,马上

4.feel / be sorry for ( doing )sth 为(做)某事感到抱歉/遗憾/难过

5.be glad to do sth. 很乐意做某事

6.下列形容词ing形式修饰物;ed形式修饰人

?interest ?interesting ?interested disappoint

disappointing

disappointed

worry

?worrying

?worried

bore excite ?boring exciting

?bored excit ed

Section C

1.be angry with sb. 对某人生气

2.just now = a moment ago 刚才(用于过去时)

3.care for = take care of = look after 照顾

4.because of +n. 因为…,由于…

5.because + 句子因为…,由于…

6.cheer sb up 使…兴奋起来cheer sb. on为某人加油

7.at first 起初,开始

8.smiling faces 笑脸

9.live alone 独居(数量) be / feel lonely 感到孤独(情感)

10.teach sb. to do sth. 教某人做

11.noisy children 吵闹的孩子们

12.lovely songs 活泼的歌曲

Section D

1.be with a history of 200 years = have a history of 200 years =have 200 years of history有着两百年的历史

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/1a97dbb9cd22bcd126fff705cc17552707225ee2.htmle into being = be born 形成、产生

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/1a97dbb9cd22bcd126fff705cc17552707225ee2.htmle from = be from 来自

4.can’t agree with each other不能达成统一意见

5.be / become interested in ( doing ) sth. 对…感兴趣

6.make peace with sb 与某人和解

7.find a way to do / of doing sth. 找到做…的方法

8.It seems / seemed that + 句子。

= 主语+seems / seemed to be / do似乎…,好像…

It seems that he likes sports.

= He seems to like sports.

9.He didn’t go to school because he was ill.

= He didn’t go to school because of his illness.

10.What …for ? = Why… ? 为什么…?

11.What do you think of…? = How do you like …?

12. be popular with sb. 受某人欢迎

13.be full of充满…

14. at last = in the end = finally 最后,最终at the end of…在…的末尾/尽头

15.an important part of Chinese culture中国文化的一部分

16.around the world/all over the world全世界

背诵句子:

You look excited.

It tastes delicious.

He felt disappointed because he was not able to buy a ticket.

He seems a little unhappy. It is so funny and interesting / boring / exciting.

We feel excited to hear it. It sounds wonderful.

The father was lonely and often became angry.

What a_pity_!

He seems a little unhappy。

The parents felt happy to see the movie together.

I don’t like them _at all_.

How did the music sound?

Unit5 Topic2

Section A

1.do badly in = be bad at 在一方面做得差

2.do well in ( doing ) = be good at ( doing )= do sth. well 擅长于(做)

3.be strict with sb. 对某人严格要求

4.be strict in / about sth. 对某事严格要求

5.talk with sb. = have a talk with sb. =talk to sb.与某人交谈

6. a friend to talk with 一个交谈的朋友

7.thank sb. for doing sth. 为…而感谢

8.be / feel worried about = worry about

9.take it easy=relax 放轻松,别紧张

10.What seems to be the problem? 到底是怎么回事?

11.feel lonely感到孤独

12.try ( not ) to do sth 尽力(不)做某事

13.try / do one’s best to do sth

Section B

1.fail ( not pass ) the exam 考试不及

2.fail to do sth. 未能做,没有做

3.at one’s age 在某人的年龄

4.at the age of… = when sb. was / were… 在…岁时at one’s age 在某人的年

5.be one’s friend = make friends with sb.与某人交朋友

6.tell a joke / story = tell jokes / stories 讲笑话

7.make / let sb do sth. = get sb. to do sth. 使某人做

8.be sure (that ) + 句子确信…

be sure to do 一定会做

9.by the way 顺便问一下in the same way 用同样的方法

in different ways 用不同的方法

10.makes me laugh让我发笑make sb. do sth让某人做某事

make sb not do sth.让某人不要做某事

11.tell sb. a joke=tell sb. jokes给某人讲笑话

12. have problems / difficulty / trouble ( in ) doing sth.做…有困难

13.help sb. with sth. = help sb. ( to ) do sth. 帮助某人做某事

14.be kind/friendly to sb.对某人友好的

15. find / feel / think it adj. to do sth.

= find / feel / think it + is / was adj. to do sth.

Section C

1.What’s more. 此外,而且,更重要的是

2.as usual 像平常一样

3.as + 形容词或副词原级as 和…一样

4.not as / so +形容词或副词原级as 不如…

5.as well / good as 与…一样好

6.be / get used to (doing )sth 适应/习惯于(做)某事

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/1a97dbb9cd22bcd126fff705cc17552707225ee2.htmled to do sth 过去常常做某事

8.with the help of sb. = with one’s help在某人的帮助下

9.be afraid of ( doing ) sth. 害怕(做)某事

= be afraid to do sth.

be not afraid of ( doing ) sth. 不怕(做)某事

= be not afraid to do sth.

10.give my best wishes to sb.把最好的祝愿给某人

11.How time flies!光阴似箭。

12.live happily幸福地生活,live是实意动词,用副词happily修饰

live as happily as before.像以前一样快乐生活。

13.. Equal comparison(同级比较):

I live as happily as before.

I couldn’t sleep so/as well as usual.

Helen is as lovely as Maria.

Maria is not as/so brave as Helen.

Section D

1.all the time一直,总是

2.Learn from sb.向某人学习

3.deal with sadness处理悲伤

4.for example例如

5.elder brother哥哥

6.refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事

7.even though即使

8.no longer=not any longer不再

9.it’s normal to … 做某事是很正常的

10.it was useless to … 做某事是没有用

11.Why don’t you do sth ? =Why not do sth ?为什么不…….?

13.You’d better ( not ) do sth.你最好(不要)做某事

14.You should ( not ) do sth.你应该/不应该做某事

15.Let’s ( not ) do sth.让我们(不要)做某事

Functions:

What seems to be the problem?到底是怎么回事?

How are you feeling today?你今天感觉怎么样?

I was really upset and lonely.我感觉又难过又寂寞。

Would you like to become my friend?你要做我的朋友吗?

I think I should have a talk with her.我想我应该和她谈谈。

Why don’t you talk to someone when you feel sad?你觉得难过的时候为什么不跟别人说呢?

Adverbial Clauses of Reason:原因状语从句

She is crying in the bathroom because she did badly in the English exam.

她在浴室里哭是因为她英语考得很差。

She feels very lonely because she has no friends to talk with.

她觉得很孤独是因为她没有可交谈的朋友。

I’m feeling really sad because I failed the English exam.

我觉得实在很难过是因为我英语考试不及格。

Unit5 Topic3

Section A

1.Take/have a test = have/take an exam 进行考试

2.get /be nervous 变得紧张

3.give a speech/give speeches做报告,做演讲

4.practice doing sth. 练习做某事

5.give sb. some advice / suggestions给某人提建议

follow / take one’s advice听从某人的建议

follow / take one’s suggestions听从某人的建议

6.advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事

7.in public 在公共场所

8.because of your help因为你的帮助

9.fall off = fall down from 从…摔下来

10.on / at the weekend 在周末

11.see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正做

12.see sb. do sth.看见某人常常做/做过/将做某事

Section B

b ecome /be sick: 生病(= be ill),但ill只作表语,不作定语;sick作表语与定语

均可。 a sick boy (√)

a ffect our feelings/health: 影响我们的心情/健康

b e/feel confident about: 对……有信心

b e in a good / bad mood: 心情好/不好

b e proud of sb. : 为某人感到骄傲

b e afraid to do sth.害怕做某事

g ive sb. a surprise给某人一个惊喜

to one’s surpise 使某人吃惊的是

be surprised at sth. 对感到吃惊

be surprised to dosth. 对做…吃惊

p ut on a play演小品

p ut on your coat穿上你的大衣

h elp keep us health帮助我们保持健康。

k eep sb. +adj使某人保持……

g et ready for为…做好准备。

Section C

1.affect one’s moods 影响某人的心情

2.change one’s feelings 改变某人的感受

3.on Mid-autumn Festival 在中秋节

4.get together with sb. 与某人团聚

5.at night /in the night 在晚上

6.fill …with…= be full of = be filled with 充满,装满

7.be crowded with …挤满

有朝一日

9.shine brightly 阳光明媚

/镇静

11.the color of nature自然的颜色

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/1a97dbb9cd22bcd126fff705cc17552707225ee2.htmle to sb.突然出现/涌现

Section D

1.many things around us 我们周围的许多事物

2.such as= for example例如

3.get help from sb 得到某人的帮助

仔细考虑

5.stay in good mood/spirit保持好心情

6.remember to do sth. 记得要做某事

7.remember doing sth. 记得做过某事

8.a sense of happiness /sadness / disappointment 幸福/伤心/失望感

9.keep silent 保持沉默

10.get back to 回到…上,继续…

11.something bad / good / interesting好/坏/有趣的事

12.make an important decision作出重要决定

13.It’s important for sb to do sth.做某事对某人很重要。

Review of Unit 5

1.It’s normal to do sth做……是很正常的

2.It’s all right to do sth做……是没关系的

3.something bad / good / interesting好/坏/有趣的事

4.sth. happen to sb. 某事发生在某人身上

5.take part in = join in = be in 参加(活动)

6.call sb. at +电话号码以…号码给打某人电话

7.smile at life 笑对人生

8.be in trouble 处于困境中

9.too + 原级+to do = not +原级enough to do

sth. = so …that sb. can’t / couldn’t do sth. 太…而不能…

Unit 6 Topic 1

Section A

1.have sth. to do 有…要做have some exciting news to tell you有好消息要告诉你

2.go on a spring field trip 去春游

3.go on a three – day visti to Moutnt Tai去泰山三日游

4.the best way to do sth.= the best way of doing sth.做…的最好方式

5.the best time to do sth. = the best time for doing sth. 做…的最佳时间

6.the cost of the trip 旅行的费用

7.decide on sth. 决定某事

8.decide to do sth. = make a decision to do sth.决定做某事

9.decide on the best way决定一个最佳的方式

10.find out 找出,查明,弄清楚

Section B

1.get / reach / arrive there到达那儿

2.arrive in / at = get to = reach 到达某地

3.over / on the phone = by phone (how )通过打电话plan to do sth计划做某事

4.Have a good trip.旅途愉快

5.book tickets to 预定…的票

6.on April 13th.在四月13日

7. a ticket at¥145 for the hard sleeper 硬卧票145元

8.total time / price 总时间/价格

9.pay ( paid ) for sth. 付…的钱, 赔偿spend+钱+on sth花钱在……上

pay +钱for sth. 付…钱买…spend +钱+(in) doing sth花钱做….事情cost花费,物做主语

句型:It costs sb. +钱+to do sth某物花了某人…..钱

It takes / took sb. + 时间+ to do sth.

= sb. spends / spent + 时间+ on sth. / ( in ) doing sth. 某人花…时间做…

11. a standard room with two single beds有两张单人床的标准间

12.a standard room for one person单人标准间

13.a room without a bathroom or air conditioning没有浴室和空调的房间

Section C

14.tell sb. ( not ) to do sth.告诉某人(别)做某事

15.ask sb. for sth.向某人要… call/ask sb to do sth叫某人去做某事

16.advise sb. to do sth建议某人做某事

17.borrow sth. from sth. 向某人借

lend ( lent )sth. to sb. = lend sb. sth. 借…给…

18.order a special lunch 定一份特别的午餐

19.= think of 想出(主意),找出(答案)

serve sth. to sb. 把端给某人put on a show 做表演

20.be different from… = be not the same as …与…不同

21.a place of interest = an interesting place 名胜

22.look forward to doing sth盼望做某事

23.pay attention to doing sth.注意做某事

24.be / get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事

25.prefer doing sth.to doing sth.喜欢做…胜过做…

26.hear ( heard ) from sb.

= get / receive a letter from sb.收到…来信…

27.have a wonderful / nice / good time = have fun = enjoy oneself 玩得愉快

28.raise money for 为…筹集钱

Section D

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/1a97dbb9cd22bcd126fff705cc17552707225ee2.htmlnd safely 安全降落,安全着陆

2.on the third day of our trip 在我们旅行的第三天

3.in three days 三天之后( how soon )

4.the next day 第二天(用于过去时)

Unit 6 Topic 2

Section A

1.be busy doing sth = be busy with sth.忙着做某事

2.be on vacation / holiday 在度假

3.be glad to do sth. 高兴做某事

4.make a plan for sth. 为某事制定计划

5.make a plan to do sth.为做某事制定计划

6.would like / want sb to do sth 想要做某事

7.take sb. to sp. 带某人去某处

8.take sb. there / home 带某人去那儿/回家

9.work ( it , them ) out解决,算出

10.knock at / on敲(门,窗)

Section B

11.in the center of 在…中心

12.the founding of the People’s Republic of China中华人民共和国成立

13.in the …of在…(范围内)

14.on the …of在…(不在范围但接壤)

15.to the …of 在…(不在范围不接壤)

16.lie in = be in 位于…

17.from south to north 从南到北

18.be meaningful to sb.对某人来说有意义

19.can/t / couldn’t wait to do sth. 等不及做

20.one and a half hours=one hour and a half一个半小时

Section C

21.look for place to park bikes寻找停自行车的地方

22.be surprised at…对……感到惊奇/意外

23.in all directions = in every direction从四面八方

24.sit there sadly 伤心地坐在那儿

25.step on one’s feet 踩某人的脚

26.push one’s way out (从人群中)挤出来

27.raise one’s head抬起头

28.as soon as 一…就…

29.not…until直到……才

30.in the southwest part of China在中国的西南部

31.can’t / couldn’t help doing禁不住/忍不住做某事

32.be famous for因…而出名

be famous as作为(身份)…出名

Section D

33.have fun doing sth做某事有乐趣

34.ask sb. for help向某人寻求帮助

35.Thank goodness 谢天谢地

Unit 6 Topic 3

Section A

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/1a97dbb9cd22bcd126fff705cc17552707225ee2.htmle sth. to do sth. = use sth. for doing 使用…做…ask about…询问…

use bikes for work and pleasure 使用自行车工作或娱乐

get used to sth/doing sth习惯于/适应于(做)某事

used to do sth过去常常做某事

2.be afraid of doing sth=be afraid to do sth害怕做某事

3.fewer accidents 少点交通事故

fewer + pl.(可数名词复数)较少的less + un.(不可数名词)较少的

4.save energy 节约能源

5.cause air pollution 引起空气污染

6.agree / disagree with sb. 同意/不同意某人的意见

7.It’s easy to park bikes, too.

It’s easy to do sth.做某事很容易。

Section B

8.obey / follow the traffic rules 遵守交通规则

9.break the traffic rules 违反交通规则

10.obey the safety rules 遵守安全守则

11.be in danger 处于危险

12.get a fine 受处罚

13.slow down 减速

14.agree / disagree with sb. 同意/不同意某人的意见

15.wear light – colored clothes 穿浅色的衣服

16.make a wrong turn 转错弯

17.cause trouble 引起麻烦

18.on / in the street 在街上

19.have an accident 出事故

20.drive carefully 小心驾驶

Section C

21.notice sb. do sth.注意到/留心某人做过某事

notice sb. doing sth. 注意到/留心某人正做某事

22.share sth. with sb. 与某人分享

23.pay attention to 注意……

24.wear helmets戴头盔

25.obey the traffic rules遵守交通规则

26.in the front of…在……前部(物体本身)

27.in case of + n. = if + 句子如果发生…,假使…,万一…

28.give first aid 进行急救

29.in a word = in short 总之,简言之

30.call 120 for help 打120求助

仁爱英语八年级下册学习笔记

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