新视野视听说教程第二册quiz2

Part 1 Fill in the blanks with the help of the first letter(s)

(每小题:1 分)

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the help of the first letter(s).

1. After two months of the ______ language courses, he could write down the teachers' lecture in English.

(Suggested first letter(s): inte )

2. The comic skill with which he ______ it again and again, is surely the secrets of Chaplin's great comedy.

(Suggested first letter(s): ex )

3. I liked to ski very much when I was a child and became a ______ amateur skier, but by no means the top skier in the country.

(Suggested first letter(s): pro )

4. I won't describe the wonderful meat dishes that we had in France, because it might ______ the vegetarians among us.

(Suggested first letter(s): of )

5. The experts ______ that the markets in this area for these cell phones will expand by 200 percent in the next three years.

(Suggested first letter(s): cal )

6. In public opinion, hard as the road for these students after school will be, their ______ are bright since they are all well-rounded.

(Suggested first letter(s): pro )

7. In spite of his repeated failure, the Olympic hero must have determination, power, and passion to make sacrifices for the sake of glory to ______ .

(Suggested first letter(s): per )

8. As I can remember very little about the rest of the day, I presume that I must have been ______ most of the time.

(Suggested first letter(s): un )

9. Youngsters, who lack moral sense and sense of responsibility to their society, are likely to become ______ forces of resistance if our education fails to serve its purpose.

(Suggested first letter(s): des )

10. Albert Einstein seemed not ______ in his sweaters and trousers that were too big, and the fact that he refused to wear tie and socks never concealed his genius.

(Suggested first letter(s): ele )

Part 2 Fill in the blanks with prepositions or adverbs

(每小题:1 分)

Directions: Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with appropriate prepositions or adverbs. Fill in each blank with only ONE word.

1. Students have many more chances to get jobs, and more people of different ages are beginning to learn______online courses which allow them to study at home.

3. It is the child's first taste of living away from home, in the place where he must stand on his own two feet, and where he must stand______himself.

4. The victim described her attacker______a well-built man in his 30s though he pretended to be an old man that night.

5. The Chinese People Congress has voted in favor______the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River, the biggest hydroelectric project in the world.

6. With recent progress in technology, computer-aided language learning (CALL) is now a good alternative______the usual ways of practicing listening and speaking.

7. He doesn't want to follow his father's footstep to study to become a doctor. He chooses to major______physics to be a scientist.

8. Yet, this good life doesn't seem to make them any happier______anyone else, and many of them ended up with divorce.

9. The time required to study can be fixed according to the students' actual needs, and they can participate______distance learning from almost any place in the world.

10. According to the report, the children of smokers are more______twice as likely to develop lung cancer when they are adults as are children of nonsmokers.

Part 3 Cloze (with choices provided)

(每小题:1 分)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four words or expressions given. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage.

Questions 1 to 20 are based on the following passage.

When my parents came to the university for my graduation, they were very proud —of themselves and of me. (1) In brief In fact In time In case , they hadn't known much about college when they had first sent me off to this (2) funding searching upstanding outstanding liberal arts school. Sending me to college meant something special to them because it represented a big (3) break through break away break out break off for the future economic betterment and the chance to join an education- (4) appealed adapted oriented appointed society. To me, this was the school where I would be (5) counted in invested in invested with established with great insight.

I bet we all achieved more than we had expected (6) like thereby because since I am now the president of the university. My parents were part of a wave of Americans after World War II (7) which whose who that belief and support in education greatly promoted the (8) establishment commitment assignment engagement of the greatest universities in the world. Students began to have the chance to acquire a well-rounded education, (9) for which among which on which in which Americans created today's culture and economy, plus a political system that (10) acknowledges accepts receives admits equality.

College education (11) affords guides furnishes provides students with more tools to solve problems, broader horizons to (12) cultivate evaluate stimulate moderate what's going on in this world, and stronger ability to build a (13) developing caring promising assuring society. University leaders in Asia, the Mideast and even Europe are now seeking to (14) improve advance progress raise curriculums more like those of our liberal arts schools. (15) Eventually Therefore Thereby Likewise , they want to know how we can combine academic learning with the development of critical thinking and creativity, the main (16) leader pillar monument beam of the best American colleges.

However, on the contrary, in our own land now we are (17) escaping emerging defecting shrinking from the liberal education. When the job market continues its long slide in (18) succession success sequence chain , college education is more and more seen as a means of economic betterment rather (19) before for then than a means of human betterment. Many think that by narrowing our focus to just science and engineering, we will presumably become more (20) distinctive competitive objective sensitive in the market driven world. This is definitely a serious mistake.

1.in case/in time/in fact/in brief

2.outstanding/founding/upstanding

3.break

through/break away/break out/break off 4.appealed/adapted/oriented/appointed 5.counted in/invested in/invested with/established with 6.like/thereby/because/since

7.which/who/whose/that 8.establishment/commitment/assignment/engagement 9.for which/among which/in which/on which10.acknowledges/accepts/receives/admits 11.affords/guides/furnishes/provides 12.cultivate/evaluate/stimulate/moderate

13.developing/caring/promising/assuring 14.improve/advance/progress/raise

15.eventually/therefore/thereby/likewise 16.leader/pillar/monument/beam

17.escaping/emerging/defecting/shrinking 18.succession/success/sequence/chain

19.before/for/then/than 20.distinctive/competitive/objective

Part 4 Vocabulary and Structure

(每小题:1 分)

Directions: For each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one to complete each sentence.

1. ________, Malcolm X would not have been able to join the world community of thoughts and actions.

A. If he didn't study English very hard through self-learning

B. Were he to study English very hard through self-learning

C. Had he didn't study English very hard through self-learning

D. Hadn't he studied English very hard through self-learning

2. A pen is to a writer __________ a gun is to a fighter.

A. as

B. what

C. that

D. like

3. Malcolm X would rather be fully occupied with copying a dictionary and reading aloud __________ the time away in prison.

A. more than to idle

B. than idle

C. rather than to idle

D. more than idling

4. The science of computer, __________ rapid progress has been made in recent years, is the most important in all the science.

A. to which

B. in which

C. off which

D. from which

5. Michael Phelps, __________ the feet are bigger than others, won eight gold medals at the National games.

A. whose

B. whom

C. of who

D. of whom

6. Many Americans live on credit cards, and their quality of life ___________, not how much they can earn.

A. is measured by how much can they loan

B. is measured by how much they can loan

C. is measured by how they can loan

D. is measured by how can they loan

7. We have been told that under no circumstances ________ the telephone in the office for personal affairs.

A. may we use

B. we may use

C. we could use

D. did we use

8. ________, Malcolm X managed to achieve English language proficiency through self- learning while in prison.

A. Unbelievable as it was

B. Unbelievable if it was

C. As Unbelievable it was

D. If it was Unbelievable

9. ________ it was on the side of a mountain, the small village was very quiet and the view was superb.

A. Lonely and isolated as

B. Alone and isolated if

C. Having lonely and isolated as

D. Having been alone and isolated if

10. Professor Chen complained that he had been unable to __________ any Ph.D. students for more than five years and it seemed that no one wanted a doctorate in humanities.

A. regulate

B. recruit

C. reject

D. release

Part 5 Reading comprehension

(每小题:2 分)

Directions: Read the following passages carefully. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished sentences. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the best answer to each question.

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the same passage or dialog.

What is the value of the humanities? Why should we study the humanities given the current

economic recession? In this new era of continuous unemployment slides and shrinking university funds, questions about the importance of the humanities in a complex and technologically demanding world have taken on new urgency.

While the humanities may not seem as important as engineering, chemistry, or any of the other "hard" sciences, it still plays a significant role in the world. There is a great misunderstanding of what the humanities are and what they can do. People often assume that the humanities are just about reading the great literary and philosophical works and understanding the question of what living is for.

I would argue that humanities –at least from a Cultural Studies perspective –is much more than reading the classic works and speculating about the meaning of life. In Cultural Studies, we apply theory to practice. Thinking and acting outside of the ivory tower, Cultural Studies attempts to produce research that engages with the public. As a cultural researcher, I am constantly asking myself the "So what?" question. Why does this topic matter? Why should people care?

This continuous self-questioning helps bridge the gap between theory and practice. While I am learning for the sake of learning, I believe scholars have the responsibility to think about the ways in which their research relates to the larger picture. What is the point of research if it doesn't affect the way people think about and act in the world?

One thing I think Cultural Studies does effectively is rethinking the way we have traditionally thought about things. In Cultural Studies, few things –if anything –are taken for granted. Our research is largely driven by the question of what it means to be human. Through critical and creative engagement, we attempt to speculate on a question in a way that inspires people to imagine what might be instead of what is.

This critical and creative engagement is especially important given the worsening state of the economy and the need for creative ways of being in the world.

1. Why has the question of studying the humanities taken on new urgency?

A. More people have realized its importance.

B. It has become a more interesting topic.

C. It's driven by the current economic downturn.

D. It's compelled by today's complex world.

2. According to the author, what's the assumption of the general public?

A. "Hard" sciences are more important than the humanities.

B. Most people don't know who they are and what they can do.

C. People don't really understand the meaning of life.

D. The humanities are only to do with literatures and philosophies.

3. What does Paragraph 3 mainly talk about?

A. It asks "So what?" question.

B. It argues to support the humanities.

C. It produces research to get involved with people.

D. It tries to think and act outside of the ivory tower.

4. What is the author's point in Paragraph 4?

A. Do the research that will impact on people.

B. Bridge the gap between theory and practice.

C. Learn things for the sake of learning.

D. Lake the responsibility to do research.

5. According to the author, "rethinking" means ________.

A. to think what it means to be human

B. to believe nothing is certain

C. to question the traditional way of thinking

D. to use a unique way of thinking

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the same passage or dialog.

Today, colleges and universities are under strong attack. Teachers are not doing a good job of teaching, and students are not doing a good job of learning. College graduates lack both basic skills and general knowledge.

One aspect of college education, too seldom challenged, is the lecture system. One problem with lectures is that listening intelligently is hard work. Reading the same material in a textbook is a more efficient way to learn because students can adjust the speed as they need to until the subject matter becomes clear to them. Even simply paying attention is very difficult: people can listen at a rate of 400 to 600 words a minute, while the most enthusiastic professor talks at a much faster speed.

Worse still, attending lectures is passive learning, at least for inexperienced listeners. Active learning, in which students write essays or perform experiments and then have their work evaluated by an instructor, is far more beneficial for those who have not yet fully learned how to learn. While it's true that techniques of active listening can enhance the value of a lecture, few students possess such skills at the beginning of their college careers. What they do is usually write everything down.

Students need to question their professors and to have their ideas taken seriously. Only then will they develop the analytical skills required to think intelligently and creatively. Most students learn best by engaging in frequent and even heated debate. Smaller classes in which students are required to involve themselves in discussion put an end to students' passivity. Students become actively involved when forced to question their own ideas as well as the professor's. Classes like this require energy, imagination, and commitment from both the teacher and students. Students are compelled to share responsibility for their own intellectual growth.

Lectures will never entirely disappear from the university both because they seem to be economically necessary and they spring from a long tradition. If lecture classes were restricted to junior and senior undergraduates, they would be far less destructive of students' interest and enthusiasms than the present system.

6. Why does the author argue that a lecture class is not efficient?

A. Students don't have listening ability at the beginning.

B. Many teachers don't care about students' comprehension.

C. Students learn things at an extremely slow speed.

D. Teachers may evaluate students' work later.

7. "Passive learning" means ________.

A. learning things slowly in a lecture class

B. studying on one's own at home

C. writing everything down from the lecture

D. anticipating the teacher's next point

8. According to the author, what kind of learning is more efficient?

A. Question professors.

B. Take small classes.

C. Have class discussion.

D. Engage in debate.

9. Why does the author think asking questions is important in active learning?

A. Because it can help students learn more creatively and quickly.

B. Because it can improve students' analytical skills.

C. Because it can challenge themselves and the professor.

D. Because it can make them look smart.

10. The author predicts that ________.

A. lectures will die out eventually

B. lectures will be as destructive as today

C. lectures will still exist at college and universities

D. lectures won't destroy students' interest in learning

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the same passage or dialog.

After men landed on the moon in 1969, astronauts (宇航员) around the world had a problem –there were no other places they could go! Even today, the other planets are still too far away for astronauts to fly to. So while rockets and robots can go to other planets, manned flights have to stay closer to home. Therefore, manned space programs have turned their attention to solving problems related to living and working in space.

Currently, NASA's (US National Aeronautics and Space Administration) manned space exploration

program focuses on the space shuttle program. NASA now operates three space shuttles, Discovery, Atlantis, and Endeavor. Unfortunately, two of NASA's shuttles, Challenger and Columbia, were lost through accidents. Seven astronauts died in each accident. The program completed 135 missions when the program ended with the successful landing at the Kennedy Space Center on July 21, 2011. These missions have included putting satellites into orbit, photographing the earth, studying space, conducting experiments related to working in space, and connecting with various manned space station in orbit.

Throughout the short history of the exploration of space, several space stations have been put into orbit. The first manned space station was the Soviet station Salyut 1, put into orbit in 1971. Later, in 1986, the Soviet Union launched the Mir space station. Mir stayed in orbit until March 23, 2001. Over that time, 104 astronauts visited the station to stay for various lengths of time. The person who has spent the longest in space so far is Russian astronaut Valeri Polyakov. Working as the doctor aboard the station, he lived on Mir for 438 days without returning to earth. In total, Polyakov worked aboard Mir for 678 days before retiring.

Today, astronauts from around the world are working together to complete the International Space Station (ISS). The construction began in 1998, and the US Orbital Segment was completed in 2011. Operations are expected to continue until at least 2020. In the long run, it is hoped that the ISS will be a place where people can live and work all year round.

11. Why can't astronauts travel to other planets now?

A. Because there are not enough space shuttles.

B. Because there have been too many rocket accidents.

C. Because the journey would take too long for human.

D. Because there are too many problems here on Earth.

12. What is the fact of NASA's manned space exploration program?

A. Discovery, Atlantis, and Endeavor were lost through accidents.

B. Challenger and Columbia are the current space shuttles.

C. Seven astronauts died in accidents.

D. NASA had completed 135 missions by July 21, 2011.

13. What is TRUE about Valeri Polyakov?

A. He has spent more time in space than anyone else.

B. He stayed aboard Mir for 678 days at one time.

C. He is still an astronaut though he is retired.

D. He often helped the doctor at the Mir space station.

14. What is TRUE about the International Space Station?

A. It is being built by the United States alone.

B. It will be launched into space in 2011.

C. It was completed in 1998.

D. It will eventually have people living and working there.

15. What is the best title for this passage?

A. Valeri Polyakov —An Amazing Astronaut

B. The Past and Future of Space Travel

C. Space Cities of the Future

D. Living and Working on the International Space Station

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the same passage or dialog.

What do Leonardo da Vinci (达芬奇) and Albert Einstein have in common? They were both left-handed, along with other famous people including Pablo Picasso (毕加索). In fact, an estimated 11 percent of Americans and Europeans are left-handed.

Most people around the world are right-handed. This fact also seems to have held true throughout history. In 1977, scientists studied works of art made at various time in history starting with cave drawings from 15,000 B.C. and ending with paintings from the 1950s. Most of the people shown in these works of art are right-handed, so scientists guessed that right-handedness has always been common.

Many researchers claim to have found relationships between left-handedness and various physical and mental characteristics, such as blond hair, blue eyes, vegetarianism, and sleep difficulties. Other studies have found a higher-than-normal level of left-handed people in certain occupations, including professional baseball and tennis players, architects, lawyers, as well as prisoners. However, some of these connections are very weak, and others haven't been proven.

What makes a person become right-handed rather than left-handed? As yet, no one really knows for sure. One simple idea suggests that people normally get right-handedness from their parents. Studies have found that two right-handed parents have only 9.5 percent chance of having a left-handed child, while two left-handed parents have a 26 percent chance of having a left-handed child. Another common theory is that left-handed people suffer mild brain damage during their birth.

Whatever the reasons behind it, people's attitudes toward left-handedness have changed a lot over the years. Statistics show that although 13 percent of young people (10-12 years old) are left-handed, only 6 percent of the elderly are left-handed. Left-handed children used to be punished until they began using their right hand like other children, but today people who are left-handed are no longer looked down upon nor are they considered abnormal.

For most people today either case is perfectly acceptable. There are even a number of shops now that specialize in selling products designed for left-handed people, such as left-handed scissors, can openers, guitars, and even a left-handed camera. Don't you think it's wonderful?

16. From studying works of art, scientists have learned that ________.

A. left-handed people are better artists

B. most artists are left-handed

C. most people in history were right-handed

D. cave drawings were drawn using both hands

17. What is talking about in the Paragraph 3?

A. People with certain characteristics are better at certain jobs.

B. Left-handed people are better at some jobs.

C. Left-handedness is linked with certain characters and occupations.

D. There are some reasons why people are left-handed.

18. Why is a person right-handed?

A. It is caused by the person's parents.

B. It is due to the environment the person lives in.

C. It is suffered a mild brain damage at birth.

D. It is not sure about specific reasons yet.

19. What can be assumed about the children of two left-handed parents?

A. Many of them are left-handed.

B. Most of them are right-handed.

C. Most of them use both hands equally.

D. Very few of them are left-handed.

20. Left-handed children ________.

A. are usually looked down upon

B. are exceptionally talented like Einstein

C. are thought of as abnormal

D. were often forced to become right-handed

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the same passage or dialog.

Worldwide, 40 million new passenger cars are built every year. A recent survey estimates that the number of cars will triple over the next 20 years. Most of this growth will take place in China. In comparison, the United States has been completely transformed by cars.

Cars did not become necessities for families in the United States until after World War II. Prior to that time, cars were seen mainly as toys for the rich. By the end of the war, however, people were tired of saving their money. They were ready to have some fun. Unlike Europe and Japan, whose industries had been wiped out by World War II, factories in the United States could quickly be changed from production of wartime items to mass production of such luxury items as cars.

As cars grew in popularity in the United States, there were also changes in lifestyle. Farmers who were once isolated from society by rural life now took weekend trips into the city. Also, workers in the cities no longer needed to live in inner-city housing in order to keep their jobs at nearby factories. Those who made enough money moved out of the cities and into the suburbs. Now

that each family had its own car, going to work from the suburbs became a common practice.

Cars not only changed the way people lived, but also changed the way they thought. Traditionally, because young people spent most of their time outside school in and around the home, the strongest role models for teenagers were their parents. However, once they had access to their own cars, teens began spending more time out with friends. Therefore, they became less likely to follow the behavior of their parents and more likely to follow their friends'.

One thing producers paid little attention to, however, was safety. It wasn't until the mid-1960s that consumers began to demand that all car companies include at least a few common safety features in new cars. These new standards eventually led to safety features such as seat belts, air bags, anti-lock brakes, and automatic door locks.

21. Why cars didn't sell as well in Europe as in the United States?

A. Because people weren't interested in cars.

B. Because fewer factories were able to make cars.

C. Because people couldn't afford cars.

D. Because fewer people lived on farms.

22. According to the passage, what was the greatest benefit of cars to American life?

A. They provided people with more freedom to travel.

B. They encouraged people to drive cars to and from work.

C. They led to the development of drive-in movies and drive-through restaurants.

D. They allowed teenagers to spend more time with their friends.

23. The main point of Paragraph 4 is that cars ________.

A. caused families to grow closer

B. changed the thoughts of teenagers

C. changed the lives of adults

D. made everyday life easy and fun

24. What caused the change of the car safety features?

A. Many car accidents during 1960s.

B. The regulations by the government.

C. The standards by the car company.

D. Customers who would purchase cars.

25. What's the main theme of the passage?

A. The US has most of the cars in the world.

B. China will soon surpass the US in the car market.

C. Americans' lives have changed a lot with the car industry.

D. Europeans were living in poverty after World War II.

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