Grammar: Choose the best choice to complete the sentences.
1.I every week.
A go swimming
B goes swimming
C went swimming
2.I work yesterday.
A doesn’t go to
B didn’t go to
C don’t go to
3. my father phone me last night?
4.What in their spare time?
A do the students often read
B the students often read
C the students do often read
5.I was reading the newspaper Joyce came over to chat.
A at then
6.I sleep well when I was younger.
A don’t used to
B didn’t used to
C didn’t use to
7.We everything together, but now we don’t.
A use to do
B used to do
C used do
8.There have been a lot of changes 1978.
9.Her brother in the army for three years.
A have been
B has been
10.I haven’t paid DJ Richard .
http://m.wendangku.net/doc/22d144376aec0975f46527d3240c844768eaa067.htmlst year I often that library.
A went to
B go to
C goes to
12. anything wrong with the machine?
A Are there
B Is there
C Do there
13.Who gave you those flowers?
14.I some drinks when I noticed this woman.
A am making
C was making
15.Did you play basketball?
A use to
B used to
C be used to
16.She has just Shanghai.
A went to
B gone to
C go to
17.You borrow my bike tomorrow.
18.You go there.
A don’t have to
B need not to
C don’t need
19.The nights be cold.
20.Hurry up, we’ll be late.
21.I go to the party.
A might not
B not might
22.He be ill. He looks so pale.
23.I can’t promise you .
24.Jim is Jack.
A as tall than
B as taller as
C as tall as
25.He is boy in our class.
A the tallest
B the most tall
C a tallest
26. you don’t know the answer, ask me.
27.You smoke here.
28. Paris tonight. Look -- here’s the plane ticket.
A I’m flying to
B I fly to
C I can fly to
29.My car consumes gas than hers.
30.Mary has more books her brother.
31.He is of the five brothers.
A the younger
B the youngest
C the most young
32.If it rains, I stay at home.
33.My car outside the school yesterday.
B was park
C was parked
34.I’ve bought a new house.
35.When we got there, the basketball match .
A has already started
B had already started
C had already starting
36.They were warmly by the local people.
37.If I you, I would refuse the money.
38.If you dropped the glass, it break.
39.He told me that he me a special present.
A will buy
B would bought
C had bought
40.This house last year.
A was built
B is built
C was build
41. the end of that year, Henry had collected more than a thousand foreign
42.She said that she about her date.
A was really excited
B was really exciting
C is really excited
43.Jenny a day’s work.
A already has done
B has already done
C has done already
44.The song was composed an 8-year-old boy.
45.He said that he her the day before.
B have seen
C had seen
46.I met an old friend of mine .
A on my way home
B on way home
C on my way to home
47.He went ________.
A to upstairs
C stair up
48.He has an ________ jacket.
A black old leather
B leather old black
C old black leather
49.The film ________I saw last night is about a young teacher.
50.He is sorry ________ the news.
B to hear
C that hear
51.My grandpa is wearing a ________belt.
A red long plastic
B long plastic red
C long red plastic
52.We have friends all over ________world.
53.I asked him how he liked________Paris.
54.There must be life out there ________.
55.I hate ________bright colours like red and yellow.
B to wear
56.The ________have a lot of time to do their own research work.
A there students
B students there
C there are students
57.I ________him singing.
A have never heard
B never have heard
C have heard never
58.The old man walked home________.
59.He often comes to school ________.
C in late
60.The girl ________answered the phone was polite enough.
Awhich B that C what
61.Your shoes need ________.
Apolish B polished C polishing
62.________ abroad can be very exciting.
63.I enjoy ________with you.
B to work
64.I found my ________ paintings.
A two first small oil
B first two small oil
C first small two oil
65.I considered ________ better not to go.
66.I would like ________ more money on clothes.
B to spend
67.She has two cats. ________big cat is white, and ________ small one is black.
A the, a
B A, the
C The, the
68.________ is power.
A The knowledge
C A knowledge
69.We ________ visit our friends in Germany in April. They invited us last week.
A are going to
C are about to
70.The weather is________ than it was yesterday.
A more bad
B more worse
71.It is one of the best concerts I________.
A went to Bhave ever been to C had gone to
72.China is no longer what it________.
A used to be
B was used to being
C used to being
73.The workers are busy________models for the exhibition.
A to make
B with making Cmaking
74.________you change your mind, I won’t be able to help you.
75.I have taken many photos. I’m going to get the film________.
C to be developed
Cloze: Read the article and choose the best choice to fill the gaps.
1.From: U2L2 P23
These days, you can find love in all kinds of places. We talked to four couples from around the world who met their partner in a memorable way.
I was very sceptical about meeting people ____1____ the Internet. But one day I was ____2____ the net and decided to go into a chat room. It was quite boring until a guy ____3____ Brad came in. We chatted for a long time and then ____4____ photos. It was difficult because we were both going out with someone at the time and we were living in ____5____ states, but eventually we arranged to meet. And now we’re together!
I live in an old people’s home and I really thought I was ____6____ old to meet anybody special. I wasn’t looking ____7____ love, but I suppose I needed a friend. One day, I was ____8____ the newspaper in the garden when Joyce came over to have a chat. We talked and talked, day after day, and we became very ____9____. Now, we do everything together. I have one regret – that I didn’t ____10____ Joyce years ago!
1 A on B in C through
2 A surf B surfed C surfing
3 A call B called C calling
4 A exchanged B charged C changed
5 A the same B other C different
6 A so B too Cvery
7 A at B for C after
8 A reading B making C writing
9 A sleepy B tired C close
10 A meet B love C marry
Key: ACBAC BBACA
2.From: U2L2 P23
These days, you can find love in all kinds of places. We talked to four couples from around the world who met their partner in a memorable way.
It ____1____ one night at our local nightclub. I was dancing, and suddenly I ____2____ the feeling that someone was watching me. I looked around and saw a boy on the other side of the room staring at me. I ____3____ to be brave and walked over to him. Hans was very shy but we had a drink and started talking. We just clicked and we quickly became friends.
It was New Year’s Eve and I ___4____ some people around to my house to celebrate.
I planned a quiet party but my friends brought other friends and by twelve o’clock there were lots of people. I was ____5____ some drinks in the kitchen when I noticed this woman on her ____6____. She didn’t seem to know anybody, so I ____7____ over to her and ____8____ myself. She said, “So you’re not Antonio, then?!” She was at the wrong party– she had made a____9____ with the address! I asked her to stay
and we got on really ____10____…and now we’re together.
1 A came B happened C went
2 A had B felt C sensed
3 A told B liked C decided
4 A invited B loved C asking
5 A washing B making C playing
6 A side B self C own
7 A ran B went C leaned
8 A introduced B asked C talked
9 A fuss B wrong C mistake
10 A good B well C fine
Key: BACAB CBACB
3.From: U5L3 P73
15 months that can change your life
Teachers and students agree – a gap year is a unique experience that can ____1____ your life forever. Gap years usually____2____when a student leaves schools in June and last ____3____ they start higher education in October of the following year. Prince William’s decision to have a gap year in Patagonia was typical of ____4____ people in the UK – they take a____5____ from studying and see some of the world ____6____ going on to university or____7____. It’s ____8____ opportunity to enjoy a bit of adventure, travel, maybe ____9____ some work experience or spend some time ____10____ other people.
1 A change B live C have
2 A finish B begin C continue
3 A so that B but C until
4 A young B old C rich
5 A breath B nap C break
6 A when B before Cafter
7 A college B work C school
8 A a B / C an
9 A gain B lose C won
10 A help B helping C helped
Key: ABCAC BACAB
4.From: U8L2 P119
Paparazzi Pirate: Blog 139
I had just woken up when I ____1____a call from Pepe at La Gaviota restaurant. He told me that some big names were coming for lunch. I left my house as soon as I had phonedmy editor to check what shots he wanted. I arrived at 11 am and ____2____ behind
the bushes with my camera.
I had been there ____3____ about two hours before an interesting car arrived. Isaw George Clooney and his new girlfriend get out.____4____, I couldn’t get a good photo. Then, suddenly, I realised that they were going to the back door of the restaurant.
I got on my motorbike and____5____their limousine. This time, I took a ____6____ shot of Clooney; he even smiled at me! I put the film in my pocket.
Just then Clooney’s bodyguard saw me. He wanted the film. We fought and I just managed to ____7____. I rushed to the office on my bike, but when I arrived andsearched____8____ the film, I realised that it had ____9____out of my pocket during the fight. I felt really ____10____!
1 A accepted B dialed C got
2 A hid B hidden C hides
3 A with B for C till
4 A Furthermore B Besides C Unfortunately
5 A ran B chased C rushed
6 A perfect B bad Cugly
7 A escape B win C defeat
8 A on B by C for
9 A hopped B fallen C escaped
10 A good B relaxed C stupid
Key: CABCB AACBC
5.From: U12L2 P180
THEYOUNGANDANGRY: in their own words
A Tree Dweller
Noah Rose, 29, is living in a treehouse to protest about a new road ____1____ the local council is planning to build.
“Sometimes you can get a bit bored of ____2____ in a treehouse. I mean, you don’t have any of the basic things that you’re used to. I’m here because I really feel that this road should not be ____3____. It will just add to pollution and ____4____ some beautiful countryside. I know we’ll succeed ____5____ the end– I’m sure we can beat the Department of Transport. Who needs more roads anyway?”
Nancy Barrett, 23, lives in a squat in New Cross Road. The police want to evict her and other squatters from the houses in the area.
“We have tied ourselves ____6____ the house, so the police can’t move us out. They’ve got no right. This house has been empty ____7____ years and nobody owns it. We
live here peacefully and don’t do any ____8____ to anyone. We don’t believe ____9____ capitalism or consumerism, and that’s why this protest is important. A home is a home and you shouldn’t have to be grateful to the banks for that. ____10____happens, I know we’ll have to leave in the end. It’s depressing but that’s how it is –the police always win.”
1 A what B who C which
2 A living B live C to live
3 A build B built C building
4 Adestroy B protect C love
5 A by B in Cat
6 A with B on Cto
7 A in B for C by
8 A harm Bgood C use
9 A on B at C in
10 A Whatever B However C Whoever
Key: CABAB CBACA
6.From: U12L3 P184
2050 – A Day in the Life of Citizen KYZ606 and his Pet Computer Daniel Friday
8:00When I wake up, my pet computer, Daniel, smiles at me and says “Good morning”. He makes me a coffee and chooses my “look” for the day.
9:00 At the office again. I want sunshine today so Daniel changes the lighting and air conditioning to create a ____1____day. It’s great here, because I don’t have to think – the computers do everything. While Daniel organizes my schedule, I talk to friends ____2____my mobile videophone.
11:30 At the gym. My computer knows exactly ____3____I need to do. I don’t like doing so ____4____exercise, but Daniel says I’ll have a heart attack at the age of 53 if I don’t.
13:00Lunch in the office restaurant. We press some ____5____on the food-ordering machine, and the pills arrive quickly through a hole in the table. Everything tastes really good today.
13:30Back in the office, there’s nothing to do so I take a ____6____. Daniel will wake me up when I’ve had enough sleep.
16:00Daniel has woken me up, but there’s no work to do so I do a bit of ____7____online.
I love shopping. Daniel helps me find a shirt that will look good at the party tonight. He really knows what I like.
19:00Back at home, I watch a football match, although it’s not very exciting ____8____Daniel tells me the result before the end. He does that with films as well – I get really annoyed with him.
21:00Party in full swing. As soon as I arrive, Daniel chooses me a partner ____9____will be compatible. She seems very nice. I order another whisky and a red
warning light goes on – I am drinking too much again!
23:00 Time ____10____bed. Daniel prepares my pyjamas and my dreams for the night.
I think I would prefer to dream on my own, but anyway… It’s been a good day… I think!
1 A rainy B sunny C cloudy
2 A on B in C through
3 A which B that C what
4 A much B many C more
5 A cards B keys C buttons
6 A nap B walk Cshower
7 A chatting B shopping C looking
8 A so that B because C however
9 A which B what C who
10 A for B to C with
Key: BACAC ABBCA
7.From: U1L2 P10
London: Melting Pot of Cultures
Chinese people first came to Britain ____1____ 1885. The first arrivals were mostly seamen ____2____ worked on steamships. In the 1950s, many Chinese people settled in the central Soho area of London. This area is ____3____ Chinatown. Here, you can experience a taste of China by ____4____ in London’s best Chinese ____5____ and shopping for Chinese vegetables, herbal medicines and gifts.
B The Caribbean
During the 1950s, people from the Caribbean islands ____6____ in London to start a new life. Their reggae music, steel drums and culture ____7____ all now part of the capital’s atmosphere, especially during the Notting Hill Carnival, Europe’s ____8____ and most vibrant street party. When does it ____9____ place? You can catch it every year at the end of August. One of the ____10____ of the Caribbean community is in Brixton, in the south of London.
1 A on B at C in
2 A whom B who C whose
3 A called B call C calling
4 A eating B eat C to eat
5 A hotels B bars C restaurants
6 A got B arrived Creached
7 A is B will be C are
8 A largest B smallest C newest
9 A make B take C give
10 A tents B cents C centres
Key: CBAAC BCABC
Reading: Read the article and judge whether the following sentences are true (T) or false (F).
1.From: U1L1 P6
Hi, I’m Carolina and I’m 21 years old. I live in Berlin, but I was born in the south of Italy. We moved here from Italy when I was 14 because of my father’s work. I’m half German, half Italian. I started working in the family business a few years ago – we have a jeweller’s shop. I work in the shop every afternoon except Sundays, but it’s a bit boring. The city is OK but I never have time to enjoy it – everything is so hectic. I often miss Italy.
My name’s Rashid. I’m 24 and I live in London. I’m Indian, but I was born here in the UK. My parents came here from Bombay (we call it Mumbai now) at the end of the 1960s. London’s a great place to be for me because I study architecture and there are lots of interesting buildings around. Every day I see something new. I don’t want to live anywhere else.
My name’s Linda. I’m 25 and live in a small town outside Vancouver. My mother is Spanish and my father comes from Lagos in Nigeria. We speak English, French and Spanish at home. I work as a teacher in the local school. It’s a great job but very tiring because I get up very early every morning. Before, I worked as a secretary – I didn’t like it at all! I really like the town I live in, although it’s very cold in winter. Cities like Vancouver are just too big for me.
1Everybody’s parents have different nationalities.
2Everybody likes cities.
3Linda likes her job.
4Carolina is the most positive about her city.
5Rashid was born in Bombay.
2.From: U3L3 P42
Rat race rebels
Most of us are trapped in a nine-to-five office routine and many of us would like
to escape. We interviewed three people who have said “No!” to this rat race…
After university, I was on the dole for a few months. I didn’t have any money, so I was really pleased to get an office job… but it was very boring! I gave it up and went to do voluntary work for the VSO – Voluntary Service Overseas – in Rwanda.
I teach old people and children to read and write. It’s not the most comfortable of jobs but it’s great to be doing something of real use for once.
I used to be a freelance news journalist. It was very stressful and I had to travel
a lot. I applied for loads of other jobs with no success, so I started to think about my real interest – football! Now, I work from home and write football articles for press agencies around the world. It’s a full-time jo
b but I have much more free time. I’m my own boss and I can get up when I want!
I used to be a teacher and I worked 40 hours a week. Then, I saw the movie American Beauty and thought I could change my life too! I did a course in acupuncture and shiatsumassage. I took four years to get qualified but now I have set up my own business. Shiatsu is very popular these days because people are so stressed and you can earn quite good money.
1 Fiona didn’t have a job for a while.
2 Andy has turned an interest into a profession.
3 Fiona has her own company.
4 Fiona feels she is doing something useful.
5 Andy was influenced by a film that he saw.
3.From: U6L2 P71
Your Weekend in Lisbon with Sunshine Tours
Congratulations on booking your holiday with Sunshine Tours!!Here’s your travel itinerary for the long weekend.
THURSDAY 18th June
A Sunshine Tours rep will meet you at Lisbon airport and a coach will take you to your hotel.
FRIDAY 19th June
In the morning，we will take one of the city’s famous yellow trams up to the Castelo de S?o Jorge, with fabulous views over the city. The afternoon is free for you to explore the Baixa district with its interesting shops and cafés. In the evening,
we will go to the Bairro Alto area for dinner and to hear the wonderfully melancholy fado music.
SATURDAY 20th June
A day of contrasts. In the morning, a trip to the oldest neighbourhood, Alfama. Its little cobbled streets are charming but it is also one of the poorest parts of the city. We will have lunch in the central Pra? a do Comércio and then take the metro to the modern Parque das Na??es — the site of the Expo, which has some stunning architecture. In the evening, you are free to enjoy whatever part of the city you wish.
SUNDAY 21st June
A coach will take us out of the city to visit Sintra, summer residence of the kings of Portugal. Here, we will see the breathtaking Palácio Nacional and walk around Sintra’s beautiful woods and parks. On our way back, we will stop at Cascais, just half an hour from the capital. This is a real Portuguese beach resort, full of local people and crammed with restaurants, beach cafés and discos. After a relaxing dinner on the beach, the coach will take us back to the hotel. Our return flight leaves early on Monday morning.
1There is nothing organized on the Friday afternoon.
2 On Saturday afternoon, you will visit an old part of the city.
3Cascais is popular with Portuguese people.
4You will spend Sunday evening outside Lisbon.
5 You are going to return on Sunday night.
4.From: U6L2 P85
Everybody loves chocolate. A cup of cocoa before going to bed or a Mars bar on the bus – the British are obsessed with it. The average Briton eats 10kg of chocolate a year. Women eat far more chocolate than men, an amazing 67% of total chocolate consumption. And the most popular snack is KitKat – fifty are eaten every second in the UK.
Chocoholics are people with a chocolate obsession. But are they addicts? Not according to recent research. This shows that chocolate is not as addictive as coffee – in fact，there is no proof that chocolate creates addiction at all. And it’s a lot better for you than we thought. Some scientists say that it releases the same chemicals that your body produces when you are in love. Now that can’t be a bad thing!
Some more good news – it doesn’t raise your cholesterol level or give you acne,
as people believe, and it can even be good for your teeth! It does, however, contain caffeine and is bad if you get headaches. So the least sensible time to eat it is at night.
The British love chocolate but they are not as obsessed as the Swiss. The Swiss are officially the world’ greatest chocolate eaters – but then Swiss chocolate is the best!
1Women buy less chocolate than men.
2There is evidence that chocolate is addictive.
3Chocolate contains caffeine.
4You should avoid chocolate if you suffer from migraines.
5The world’s greatest chocolate eaters are the British.
5.From: U8L3 P121
Found Safe and Sound
The monkey who escaped from Bristol Zoo last weekend was discovered by school children yesterday. Police say that the animal, who was found in a school playground, was fine but a little hungry. The zoo admitted that it needed to improve its security.
Discovered…Naked and Drunk
Hollywood resident Helen Hicks was stopped by police early on Sunday morning after dancing around her neighbourhood with no clothes on. Hicks has drunk half a bottle of vodka after an argument with her rock guitarist boyfriend Johnny Hedges. A friend says that Ms Hicks was suffering depression.
Lion tamer Sergei Ivanov was seriously injured by his lion, Sheba, during last night’s performance of the Moscow Circus. Ivanov has worked in the circus for over 25 years. He was taken to Springfields General Hospital last night. Doctors say that he is lucky to be alive.
Caught on Camera
Super-rich male model Justin Orlando’s love affair with British pop singer Ross Curtis was exposed this week. The two men were photographed together in a London restaurant. Orlando, who has never tried to hide his sexuality, said that he was very happy with his new partner.
1 The monkey was found by school children.
2 The zoo said they were responsible for the monkey’s escape.
3 Helen took her clothes off as a joke.
4 Sergei hadn’t had much experience with animals.
5 Justin wanted to hide his sexuality.
6.From: U9L1 P132
David is not very comfortable with new technology and he does not have many gadgets. Lucy loves new technology. She owns a games console, an MP3 player, and a mobile phone with a built-in digital camera. David is a teacher. Lucy is his student.
Like Lucy, many children grow up using computers almost every day and often know more about technology than adults. Educator Marc Prensky calls children like Lucy “digital natives”. Digital natives can quickly learn how to use new gadgets and new software, while non-digital natives spend a lot of time reading manuals and worrying about computer viruses. In fact, many parents try to save time by asking their children to teach them how to use new technology!
The divide between digital natives and non-digital natives can cause problems at school because students and teachers grow up with very different ideas about technology. Many teachers think that playing computer games is a waste of time and that technology has made children unable to concentrate. However, many students think their classes are slow and boring, and want to use computers to study.
Prensky believes that digital natives have learned a lot from technology, but that they learn things in a different way. For example, reading a website is different from reading a book, so digital natives are good at finding the information they need and choosing what they want to read. So perhaps teachers need to change the way they teach and use more technology in class – because the number of digital natives will keep increasing!
1 David is a digital native.
2 Marc Prensky is interested in teaching with technology.
3 Digital natives are comfortable using laptops and flash drives.
4 Many teachers think computer games are only for having fun or killing time.
5 People read books and websites in the same way.
7.From: U10L2 P153
In which city can you read signs like “Aparca your car aquí” or “Cuidado con los pickpockets”? Travelguide investigates.
1.2 million Hispanics live in the Big Apple and one in five New Yorkers speaks Spanish
at home. In the last ten years, the Hispanic population has grown by 400 000. This reflects the enormous increase in the Hispanic population in the States. There are now 42 million Hispanics resident in the USA, representing 15% of the total population.
There is a new language, SPANGLISH – a strange mixture of Spanish and English –which is invading the city. The New York Times recently said that it had become the city’s third official language. Its use is colloquial and often limited to short sentences and signs. Many New Yorkers now wear socketines on their feet, drop something on the carpeta, shop for grocerias and have cornfley(“cornflakes”) for breakfast.
Norma Rodríguez, a 45-year-old Cuban living in Washington Heights, says it forms a part of her life now: “Sometimes, you don’t realize that you’re mixing the two languages. You just hear them both all the time and find that you’re inventing new words.” Other people, however, are fighting against this new street language. Businessman Juan Cortés sees it as a sign that the Spanish language is being destroyed. “It’s difficult, but I try not to speak it – it feels vulgar to me.”
Meanwhile, a surprising number of academics have spoken in favour of Spanglish. Jos é María Ruiz, from NY State University, even runs courses in Spanglish and has written a dictionary. “It is a dialogue between two languages and cultures. We have to accept that languages change and evolve. The only languages that never change are dead ones.”
1 The Spanish-speaking population has grown very fast recently.
2 More people are interested in studying Spanish than before.
3 Spanglish is mainly used in formal contexts.
4 Norma Rodríguez doesn’t notice when she is speaking Spanglish.
5 Juan Cortés doesn’t speak Spanglish because he feels stupid when he tries.
Reading: Read the article and choose the best choice for each question.
1.From: U1L2 P10
London:Melting Pot of Cultures
Did you know that London is one of the most multicultural cities in the world? Here, there are about 300 different cultures living side by side. Forget tea and sandwiches, now it is more common for a Londoner to drink cappuccino for breakfast, and eat Thai food for lunch in the local pub. Let’s see how life has changed in Britain’s capital.
Most people from India arrived in London in the 1950s and 60s. Now there is a strong
Asian presence here – in the shops, markets and, of course, the restaurants. In fact, curry is Britain’s favorite takeaway meal. A typical family has a curry every two weeks, either delivered or bought ready-made from the supermarket. Indian people live all over London. Southall, in the far west of the city, is one of many places well known for its Indian culture.
This community represents more than 1% of the UK’s total population and is growing rapidly. In London, many Polish people live in the Hammersmith area, in the west of the city. Here, there are several Catholic churches, and delicatessens which sell the country’s specialities such as beetroot soup (barszcz) or Polish cakes and snacks. Were they right to come? Young Poles say they can easily earn three times as much money here as at home, where unemployment remains high.
C West Africa
West Africans – mainly from Ghana and Nigeria – have brought a wealth of languages, music and culture to the British capital. Many London markets sell their traditional foods like yams and different types of rice. A lot of Nigerians live in the south-east London area, in suburbs like Deptford.
1. When did most people from India arrive in London?
A The 1950s and 60s.
B The 1950s.
C The 1960s.
2. How often does a typical family have a curry?
A Two times.
B Every two weeks.
C Two weeks.
3. Where do many Polish people live?
A The east of the city.
B Catholic churches.
C The Hammersmith area.
4. Why do Polish people come to London?
A They can earn three times as much money inthe UK.
B Unemployment remains high in the UK.
C They are growing rapidly.
5. What kind of traditional West Africa foods do markets sell?
A Ghana and Nigeria.
B Languages, music and culture.
C Yams and different types of rice.
2.From: U4L2 P56
Clothes of champions
Nike started business in the sixties when its founders Phil Knight and Bill Bowerman met at the University of Oregon. In the mid-eighties, their success grew when famous sportsmen such as basketball king Michael Jordan wore Nike gear. In 1987, they launched the Nike Air range and a year later the famous “Just do it” slogan. Nike now sell more sports clothes and equipment than any other company.
The Nike logo is called the “Swoosh”. It represents the wing of Nike, the Ancient Greek goddess of victory. Caroline Davidson created it in 1971. She earned only $35 for her design. The first shoe with this logo came out in 1972 and now it is everywhere.
Other famous sports stars who have worn the Nike logo include the Brazilian footballer Ronaldo, the American golfer Tiger Woods and the British marathon runner Paula Radcliffe.
Harold C Humphreys left school at the age of 13, and in 1920 started a small workshop in the north-east of England. Over the years this little enterprise expanded, and in 1924 Umbro (Humphreys Brothers) was founded. Since then, Umbro has had links with some of the world’s greatest football clubs, teams and players. In the 1966 World Cup, 15 out of the 16 teams, including the winners, England, wore Umbro shirts.
The famous “double diamond” logo has not changed in half a century. Indeed, between 1954 and 1994 Brazil won four World Cups wearing this famous design.
Nowadays, the most well-known stars who wear Umbro are John Terry and Michael Owen, along with members of England’s national football squad. Umbro currently make shirts for more than 30 national football teams.
1. When did Nike start its business?
A In the sixties.
B In the mid-eighties.
C In 1987.
2. When was Umbro founded?
A In 1920.
B In 1924.
C In 1966.
3. Who designed the logo of Nike?
A Phil Knight and Bill Bowerman.
B Paula Radcliffe.
C Caroline Davidson.
4. Which of the following does not wear Umbro?
A John Terry.
B Michael Owen.
C Tiger Woods.
5. Which of the statements about “Swoosh” is right?
A It is the slogan of Nike.
B It represents the wing of Nike.
C It was created in 1972.
3.From: U4L3 P60
Ian Thorpe was born in Paddington, Australia on 13th October 1982. His father, Ken, always wanted him to be a cricketer. But when Ian overcame a childhood allergy to chlorine, his only dream was to join his sister Christine in the pool.
It’s easy to see why. His 1.95 metres, 96 kilos and size 54 feet give him an awesome presence in the water. It was his feet which brought him his first nickname, “Flipper”. He swims so fast that he seems to fly through the water. So how did it all start?
Thorpe made his first appearance in international competition at the age of 14. His greatest feat came only three years later when he won three gold medals at the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games. His success and popularity have done much to raise the profile of the sport.
Australia is a nation of water babies. 85% of its population live within 30 miles of the beach and its swimmers enjoy a pin-up status similar to footballers like David Beckham in the UK. In fact, for a time, Thorpe was Australia’s number one national hero. There were special Australian stamps to celebrate his victories in the Olympics. Now, there is even a fragrance called “Ian Thorpe for Men” and a range of men’s underwear.
But in spite of this superstar status, Ian has a friendly relationship with the media. He is happy to discuss his love of philosophy, grunge music, Japanese food, computer games and Armani clothes. However, not all media work is light-hearted. Since his retirement from professional swimming in 2006, he has founded his own charity called “Fountain for Youth”. This organisation fights to bring positive changes to
children’s lives by improving health and education, especially for Aboriginal communities in Australia.
1. What did Thorpe’s father want Ian to be?
A A flipper.
B A cricketer.
C A swimmer.
2. What is Thorpe’s first nickname?
B Fountain for Youth.
3. What did Ian win at the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games?
A Three gold medals.
B Three silver medals.
C Three bronze medals.
4. Which of the following is to celebrate Ian’s victories in the Olympic?
A A fragrance called “Ian Thorpe for Men”.
B Special Australian stamps.
C A range of men’s underwear.
5. When did Thorpe withdraw from professional swimming?
A In 1982.
B In 2000.
C In 2006.
4.From: U7L2 P104
The hamburger was invented in 1889, and the first McDonald’s opened in 1948 in San Bernadino, California. Now a new McDonald’s restaurant opens every eight hours somewhere in the world. The restaurant chain serves about 45 million customers every day. The corporation’s yellow M is recognized by people all over the world as a symbol of dynamism, happiness and, above all, America. The busiest restaurant, however, is in Moscow.
Coca-Cola is the most successful product in history and today it is sold in 185 countries. The drink was invented in 1886 by pharmacist John Pemberton in Atlanta, Georgia, while he was trying to stop his addiction to morphine. It is estimated that 200 million cans or bottles of coke are sold every 24 hours. 80% of Coca-Cola’s profits now come from outside the United States.
Ironically, the Nokia Corporation started life as a paper manufacturer – the original form of communication. Nearly 150 years later, this Finnish company is the world’s largest mobile phone producer and accounts for more than a quarter of