新视野大学英语第三版-读写教程4-第二单元答案(B4U2)

1. How do you understand the sentence "No amount of rehearsal will help you come up with the right answer" (Para. 2)?

新视野大学英语第三版-读写教程4-第二单元答案(B4U2)

Reference:

The sentence means that it is very difficult, or even impossible, for a man to give a right answer when a woman asks him how she looks, no matter how hard he thinks about it and how many different answers he tries.

2. According to the text, in what way do men and women evaluate their appearance differently?

新视野大学英语第三版-读写教程4-第二单元答案(B4U2)

Reference:

Men are satisfied with being average-looking, paying little attention to their looks. In contrast, women pay great attention to their body and image, considering their appearance as not good enough even if they are in fact attractive.

3. What causes women to be always dissatisfied with their looks?

新视野大学英语第三版-读写教程4-第二单元答案(B4U2)

Reference:

The interaction of many psychological and societal factors, for example, their childhood experiences with toys, and the influence of the media.

4. In what way do the toys girls play with differ from those boys play with?

新视野大学英语第三版-读写教程4-第二单元答案(B4U2)

Reference:

Girls' toys are proportioned to have extreme measures of the body (e.g. in terms of height, weight and waist size), whereas boys' toys can look weird rather than handsome.

5. What does the sentence "You could not imagine him saying to the others, ‘Is this accessory the right shade of violet for this outfit?'" (Para. 6) imply?

新视野大学英语第三版-读写教程4-第二单元答案(B4U2)

Reference:

It implies that men pay little attention to the details of their appearance.

6. Why is the supermodel Cindy Crawford mentioned in Paragraph 7?

新视野大学英语第三版-读写教程4-第二单元答案(B4U2)

Reference:

Cindy Crawford is mentioned as an example to show that the beauty industry and the media have great influence on women's devotion to physical beauty and the use of beauty products.

7. What is the author's attitude toward the claim that women care much about their appearance due to pressure from men?

新视野大学英语第三版-读写教程4-第二单元答案(B4U2)

Reference:

The author thinks that the claim is not right since men in fact pay little attention to the details of women's appearance.

8. Why do women think that men are not qualified to judge whether a woman looks good or not?

新视野大学英语第三版-读写教程4-第二单元答案(B4U2)

Reference:

Women think so because men do not even care about their own appearance. For instance, a man often does not bother to clean the cream in his hair or ears after shaving.

1. What are the factors that make women pay much greater attention to their appearance than do men?

新视野大学英语第三版-读写教程4-第二单元答案(B4U2)

Reference:

I think there are three main factors accounting for women's greater attention to appearance. The first are cultural traditions. It is common in many cultures that people put high value on beauty when they look at women. The second is the requirement of certain jobs. For example, in China airline companies set certain criteria for appearance (e.g. in terms of height and weight) when they recruit stewards and stewardesses. Finally, the influence of the media is another strong factor which shapes women's pursuit of physical beauty. There are a lot of advertisements of cosmetics and skincare products in various media such as TV, magazines and newspapers. They often have

celebrities as the spokesperson for the advertised products, which makes women have an illusion that they could look as good as those famous stars if they use the products. In short, these three factors exert immense influence on how women value appearance.

2. Are there any occasions in life where it is necessary for a person, either a woman or a man, to look good? Why or why not?

新视野大学英语第三版-读写教程4-第二单元答案(B4U2)

Reference:

? Yes. On certain formal occasions, a person, either female or male, has to pay attention to his attire. Sample cases are job interviews, business meetings, weddings, and banquets. This is because to dress properly is an important element of successful completion of these events.

? No. People do not have to care what others think of them as long as t hey feel comfortable and satisfied with their looks themselves. After all, this is the most important source of happiness to people.

3. What do you consider as the most important traits that make a person beautiful?

新视野大学英语第三版-读写教程4-第二单元答案(B4U2)

Reference:

In my opinion, the important traits of human beauty include two types, one for appearance and one for inner qualities. Features that characterize a beautiful appearance are a good-looking body, proper clothes and accessories, as well as use of makeup that matches the occasion or event one is attending. Inner qualities that make a person beautiful mainly include good manners and positive personality traits such as honesty, bravery or friendliness.

4. What do you think of the relationship between wearing makeup and female beauty? In other words, do women have to apply cosmetics in order to look beautiful? Why or why not?

新视野大学英语第三版-读写教程4-第二单元答案(B4U2)

Reference:

? Yes. Women should pa y great attention to their appearance and hence need to wear makeup. This is because beauty is, believe it or not, usually an important quality for women to succeed, for example, when they want to look for a job or an ideal husband.

? No. What really make s a person beautiful is inner beauty rather than physical appearance. A beautiful look can't last long, but inner beauty, for example, intelligence and honesty, may make a person successful and happy throughout his life.

5. If you were the head of a cosmetics company, how would you market or promote a new product?

新视野大学英语第三版-读写教程4-第二单元答案(B4U2)

Reference:

I would market a new product by three means. First, I can ask a celebrity, for example a famous movie star or a supermodel, to be the brand spokesperson on TV. This is a common practice in the advertising industry, and I think it is very effective. Second, I will hire people to distribute flyers and give away free samples of the product on the streets, so the product can reach potential customers directly. In addition, I may post advertisements on public transportation vehicles such as buses and subways. In this way, the commercials can be seen by a large number of people.

Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. Each word can be used only once.

Done with this activity. Time submitted: 2017-03-07 21:43 (Tuesday)

Your score: 0%

1.We need to improve the quality of education so that our children will

not leave school (deficient)in literary and reasoning skills.

2.In a society governed by the rule of law, every citizen is subject

to possible (prosecution)if he violates the law.

3.The pay gap between average workers and top corporate officers has

led to pubic (outrage)as executives receive large packages despite falling share prices.

4.The delicious meal (appeased)our hunger and made us feel warm

again after having walked in the snow all day.

5.The military insists on (conformity)in many areas, for

example, dress and haircut, with the primary objective of promoting group unity.

6.My daughter used to play with the dog by taking a(n)

(strand)of its hair and then spending a long time rubbing, combing and twisting it.

7.When she left for the party, she took great care to make her necklace

and shoes (complement)her dress.

8.It was necessary to provide living places for

(transient)immigrants passing through the area on their way to more permanent dwellings.

9.They had just moved in, so they needed to buy a number of kitchen

(appliances), including a microwave oven, a toaster, and a coffee maker.

10.She wanted a beautiful and elegant (outfit)to attend the

wedding of a friend, but couldn't find anything satisfactory in the nearby shops.

Add -ion, -er, or -ist to or remove them from the following words to form new words. For each blank you can only fill in one word.

Correct answer

domination

orientation

confrontation

composer

binder

scanner

manufacturer

erase

imperialist

leftist

terrorist

humanist

Fill in the blanks with the newly formed words. Change the form where necessary. Each word can be used only once.

1. The Internet challenges the (domination) of traditional media such as

newspapers and television as the main sources of news in modern society.

2. Some scientists warn that the X-ray (scanners) now being used to

screen passengers at many airports may be harmful to the human body.

3. Many people think that a(n) (humanist) should have very strong

morals, in addition to beliefs in a philosophy that focuses on human values and concerns.

4. The police interviewed all six witnesses, but none of them could describe

clearly how the (confrontation) began and who opened fire first.

5. In politics, (leftists) are people who generally support social changes

to create a more equal society and show concern for those who suffer

disadvantages.

6. A study of mid-level administrators' career (orientation) showed that

many of these managers view their current position as a temporary step on an upward path.

7. The idea that the United States is a melting pot implies that racial

differences are to be (erased)and that immigrants should give up their own cultural traditions.

8. Effective measures should be taken to prevent (terrorists) from

attacking civilians, people who have no power to defend themselves from bombs and guns.

9. Toyota is one of the world's largest (manufacturers) of cars, with

more than 50 plants across the globe outside Japan.

10. He sent his parents some of his recent news articles in a(n) (binder) ,

arranged according to their publication dates.

11. This island became a colony after European (imperialists) decided to

use it as their trading port in the 19th century.

12. The concert to be held next month promotes music by

(composers) from Africa and South America.

Drag 10 words from the list to their proper places to complete the passage. Each word can be used only once. Double click on a particular blank to reset it if necessary.

I was once in a relationship with a woman who was the most brilliant, creative and driven person I'd ever known. I told her these things often because she didn't see herself this way, despite (1)(achieving) great success and acclaim (称赞) in her professional field. She was also (2)(gorgeous) and sexy, though she seemed not to realize this either, so I told her these things too. But while I thought it was more important to praise her brilliance, it seemed to mean more to her that she was (3)(considered) attractive.

My experience with this girlfriend exemplifies a common phenomenon in life —when it comes to complimenting a woman, men often walk a very difficult line. Of course, (4)(context)matters. In a professional setting, talking about appearance is often inappropriate, but at a singles club, it may be important. She will be very pleased if a man thinks her clothes and (5)

(accessories) are pretty, or her hair looks wonderful. However, things in

between these two cases are unclear. Women have every right to be recognized and (6)(appreciated) for their intelligence and creativity. But at the same time, they want to be admired for their looks as well, for example, their perfect skin (7)(complexion) and elegant outfits.

Unfortunately, most guys don't understand this. If we receive compliments from women, they're usually about our achievements, not our looks. Most of us don't expect a woman to tell us how (8)(handsome) or sexy we are, and some of us would find it hard to regard such a(n) (9)(comment) as sincere. I'm not saying it's very hard to be a guy these days. It is important for every man to understand how to treat women with both respect and (10) (admiration). But as far as the right balance of these two is concerned, we really have no frame of reference, especially when it comes to looks.

Fill in the blanks with the expressions given below. Change the form where necessary. Each expression can be used only once.

1. Every month, the Community Services Center offers several lectures on

health and fitness (in hopes of) introducing people to healthier

lifestyles.

2. Do you know who (came up with) the idea of having cheesecake for

dessert yesterday? It was delicious and made everyone happy.

3. The pain medication left Claudia feeling rather dull and sleepy, and soon

after dinner she apologized for being such poor company and

(excused herself) to bed.

4. When I was young, I (was obsessed with) maps, and I sometimes

spent the whole day charting land routes from one point to another.

5. To make immigrants comfortable (reaching out to) police for help,

more than 70 cities now bar police from asking them to prove their legal status.

6. Mary was often accused of "having a strong personality" because she was

not afraid to (voice an opinion on) subjects about which she was

knowledgeable.

7. At the end of his term in office, the governor was criticized for failure to

(live up to) his campaign promise.

8. Results of a survey revealed that of the top 10 automobile makers (in

terms of) customer satisfaction, six were Japanese and two were

German.

Write a contrast essay of no less than 200 words on the topic "How do women and men groom themselves?". You can follow the outline given below.

Done with this activity. Time submitted: 2017-03-07 21:53 (Tuesday) Outline:

Topic :

How do women and men groom themselves?

Introduction :

Women and men take care of their appearance in very different ways, which are mainly shown in three areas.

Body :

? The variety of beauty tools and products they use

? The amount of clothes they have

? The amount of time they spend on grooming themselves

Conclusion :

Women and men behave differently in how they attend to their routine

grooming chores.

My writing:

新视野大学英语第三版-读写教程4-第二单元答案(B4U2)

When you get yourself ready to go to school or work in the morning, or attend a party in the evening, you may have to do various preparations. What you

consider as essential to prepare largely depends on whether you are a female or a male. Women and men take care of their appearance in different ways, which are mainly shown in three areas.

One difference lies in the variety of beauty products that women and men use. Women have a great variety of tools and skincare products; for example, combs and clips for hair, brushes for powder foundation, and eyeliners for eyebrows, creams for face, to name just a few. Men, however, do not use so many things. They may comb their hair, but they seldom use cosmetics. Another difference involves the amount of clothes women and men have. Females usually have many more clothes than men do. You may well be familiar with movie scenes in which a woman tries on the outfits in her wardrobe one after another and still hesitates about which one to wear. Unlike females, males do not buy themselves piles of clothes as long as they still have something at home.

The third difference is that women spend much more time grooming themselves than men do. It can easily take a woman half an hour or even several hours to get a perfect hair style or apply makeup to her face. In contrast, it may just take a man several minutes to tidy himself. All he needs to do is to comb his hair and put on whatever clothes he finds in the drawer.

To conclude, women and men behave differently in how they attend to their routine grooming chores. Such distinctions help create the typical images of females and males in human society.

Translate the following paragraph into Chinese.

Done with this activity. Time submitted: 2017-03-07 21:53 (Tuesday) The original

William Shakespeare is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent (杰出的) dramatist. His plays have been translated into a vast number of languages and are performed more often than those of any other playwright. Shakespeare's early works were mostly comedies and histories, which have the reputation of being among the finest

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