PART 4四级听力综合训练20题

PART 4四级听力综合训练20题

Model test 1

Section A

Directions:In this section,you will hear three news reports.At the end of each news report,you will hear two or three questions.Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once.After you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1with a single line through the centre.

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

1.A)62 B)64 C)60.D)Unknown.

2.A)The better off.C)Ordinary people.

B)Financial institutions.D)Government.

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

3.A)Give teachers extra help.C)Show up in class.

B)Engage in main activities.D)Often constructive advice.

4.A)It has nothing to do with higher math score.

B)It works in some subjects,but not in others.

C)It leads to higher scores in social studies.

D)It encourages students to do better in science.

Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

5.A)Stricter security restrictions were imposed on luggage.

B)Luggage delivery services offer travelers convenience.

C)New services caused a lot of trouble in checking luggage.

D)Airlines give travelers opportunities to fly first class.

6.A)Two minutes.

C)Two days.

B)Two hours.

D)Two weeks.

7.A)The pickup time is not scheduled

C)Valuables are easily lost.

B)Extra packaging is required.

D)The price might be too high.

Section B

Directions:In this section,you will hear two long conversations.At the end of each conversation,you will hear four questions.Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once.After you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Conversation One

A)She wanted Dr.Tyler to sign on her schedule card.

B)She wanted Dr.Tyler to determine the number and variety of her courses.

C)She wanted to talk to Dr.Tyler about the modem American novel.

D)She wanted to explain why she dropped the chemistry course.

10.A)If his seminar on the modem American novel is welcomed.

B)If he signs his name,Jenny won't work hard as ever.

C)If Jenny can take two seminars in a semester.

D)If six courses might be too much for Jenny.

11.A)Calculus.C)Chemistry.

B)Modem poetry.D)Introductory economics.

Conversation Two

12.A)He wants to get his money back.

B)He wants to exchange the sweater for another one.

C)He wants the clerk to help Mm read the Chinese instructions.

D)He wants to see why the color of the sweater changed.

13.A)It is the wrong size.C)It is stained.

B)The fabric is coming apart.D)It shrinks a lot.

14.A)The customer didn't follow the instructions.C)The man no longer has the store receipt.

B)The sweater was out of stock.D)The man isn't a VIP.

15.A)Because it wasn't shown out.C)Because it was too obvious to notice.

B)Because it was printed small.D)Because it was erased by the woman.

Section C

Directions:In this section,you will hear three passages.At the end of each passage,you will hear some questions.Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once.

After you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

16.A)High expectations.C)Showing satisfaction.

B)Opposite characters.D)Forgiving and communicating.

17.A)80.B)82.C)160.D)164.

18.A)People should aim high to ensure they are active in maintaining a happy marriage.

B)The couple's relationship skills are important to their marriage.

C)People tend to select partners with different characters in marriage.

D)Partners who have the same characters will lead to a dull relationship.

Passage Two

19.A)How to improve your reasoning ability.

B)Why classical music is popular with math students.

C)The difference between classical music and rock music.

D)The effects of music on the results of math tests.

20.A)Because it keeps you calm.

B)Because it strengthens your memory.

C)Because it stimulates your nerve activity.

D)Because it improves your problem-solving strategies.

21.A)The effects of music so not last long.

B)Piano music could interfere with your reasoning ability.

C)Music,whether classical or rock,helps rave your memory.

D)The more you listen to music,the higher your test scores will be.

Passage Three

22.A)Because there are no signs to direct them.

B)Because no tour guides are available.

C)Because all the buildings in the city look alike.

D)Because the university is everywhere in the city.

23.A)They set their own exams.C)They award their own degrees.

B)they select their own students.D)They organize their own laboratory work.

24.A)Most of them have a long history.

B)Many of them are specialized libraries.

C)They house more books than any other university library.

D)They each have a copy of every book published in Britain.

25.A)Very few of them are engaged in research.C)They have outnumbered male students.

B)They were not awarded degrees until 1948.D)They were not treated equally until 1881.

答案详解

Section A

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

Hundreds of thousands of people across France have taken to the streets to demonstrate against.President Nicolas Sarkozy’s plans to raise the retirement age.Trade unions say nearly three million people turned out in scores of demonstrations,but the government says less than a million people took part.It's the third day of protests in the past month.

The pension reform goes before the upper house of parliament the Senate,on Tuesday with President Sarkozy insisting that its central provision,raising the minimum retirement age by two years to 62,is non-negotiable.According to the government the only way that the French pension system can remain economically practical,given longer m expectancy,is that people work for more years.However opponents,including the Socialist Party,say the change are unjust and tht the pension system can be preserved if higher taxes are imposed on financial institutions and on the better-off.

1.What’s the minimum retirement age in France before Sorkozy's plans?

C)详解:新闻提到,Sorkozy计划将最低退休年龄上调两年,即上调到62岁,可判断在此之前,最低退休年龄应为60岁,C为答案。

2.According Io the opponents,whose interest should be protected?

C)详:新闻最后提到,反对者认为向金融机构和富人群体征收更高的税款,养老金体系就可以得到维持。可见反对者是站在一般民众的立场上的,而不是站在富裕人群、金融机构和政府立场上的,C正确。

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

Some American schools pay teachers more if their students improve on tests.Now,there is a growing movement to pay the students,in some cases,even just for coming to class.Schools that pay students can be found in more than one-fourth of the fifty states.Other schools pay students with food or other http://m.wendangku.net/doc/2c65cdceccbff121dc3683a8.htmlst year,the city schools in Coshocton,Ohio,launched a programme.They wanted to see if paying elementary school students as much as one hundred dollars would help in passing state exams.Now,Eric Bettinger of Case Western Reserve University has reported mixed results.Math scores increased,but only while students were able to get paid.And there was no evidence of higher scores in reading,social studies and science.Officials will decide later this year whether to continue the programme.

3.What should American students do to get paid from schools?

C)详解:新闻开篇部分提到,现在有些美国学校推出一项新举措奖励成绩有进步的学生,芸至学生仅仅因为到学校上课就可得到奖励。因此C为答案。A,给老师额外的帮助、B,参加许多活动C和D提供指导性的建议,均没有在新闻中提到。

4.What's the result of the programme to pay students?

B)详解:新闻中用了mixed results来概括奖励学生这一举措的有效性,指出它能提高学生的数学成绩,但仅在实施奖励的情况下才有此效果;并且尚无证据表明它能提高学生的阅读、社会科学和理科的成绩,可见它对一些学科有用,但对另一些则无效,因此B正确。A,它不能提高数学成绩。、C它能提高社会科学的成绩和D它鼓励学生在科学方面做得更好均不符合新闻内容。

Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

As struggling airlines add extra-luggage fees and travelers worry about growing security restrictions,services like Luggage Forward and Luggage Free have emergedas ways to avoid the troubles of checking bags.While typically seen as a luxury,more Americans are using such options for run-of-the-mill trips.The idea behind the luggage delivery servicesis to make traveling as headache-free as possible.

Customers load up their suitcases as usual,with no special packaging needed.Shipping slips for luggage are mailed to them.A pickup time is scheduled,usually for a two-hour window.If the bags are being sent to a hotel,the hotel worker will typically call customers to let them know their belongings have arrived.Rates vary depending on the weight,distance and speed of the delivery.The new luggage delivery services promise to provide greater convenience by helping customers clear customs,track packages and pick up luggage at home.Still,the price can add up for a big order.But compared to the mess it would’ve caused at the airport,the price was worth it,said Kolodny,a 45-year-old resident of Great Neck,New York.

5.What is the main idea of the news report?

B)详解:新闻开头部分的avoid the troubles of checking bags表明,新的行李托运服务可免去乘客机场安检的诸多麻烦;后面提到的as headache-free as possible也说明新服务可减少航空旅行的烦恼,另外新闻从各方面介绍新服务为旅客带来的便利,因此B。行李寄运服务为乘客提供了便利B正确。八节时行李托运实施更严格的安检限制。、C。新服务给行李安检带来许多麻烦。和D。航空公司为旅客提供搭乘头等舱的机会。均与新阳

内容不符。

6.How long can luggage be preserved in the new delivery services?

B)详解:选项均为时间,可推断本题为询问时间。并且各选项只是单位不同,听音时要特别留意相关信息,题目问这项新服务的行李寄存时间。新闻中提到,有特定的领取行李的时间,通常是两小时的预留时间,故选B.

7.What is the major drawback to the new luggage delivery services?

D)详解:新闻结尾提到,新的行李托运服务价格不菲,可见该服务的缺点主要在价格方面,因此D。价格可能太高了。正确。A。没有规定的领取行李时间。和B。需要额外包装。与新闻内容相反。C。贵重物品容易丢失。没在新闻中提到。

Section B

Conversation One

W:Excuse me,Dr.Tyler,your secretary said I should come right in.

M:Please do,Jenny.How can I help you?

W:I need to get your signature on my schedule card here,on the line above advisor's approval. M:Sure,but let's look it over together first.How many courses do you have here?

W:Six.

M:Six?That's quite a heavy load.Any particular reason?

W:I had to drop my chemistry course last semester when I went into the hospital,so I need to take it again.

M:So you've already learnt a lot of the material.

W:Right.And calculus is a part of the second year requirement.

M:Let's see,Chemistry,Calculus.Oh,I see you'll be in my seminar on the modern American W:Yes,I'm looking forward to it and the romantic poetry seminar,too.

M:Two seminars?That is rather a lot.Can you handle the work?

W:I think so.The introductory economics is fairly easy and so is the music course.

M:Well,then I'll be happy to sign the card.However,I insist that you come and see me after the first week of classes so we can make sure this isn't too much for you.

W:That's a promise.

8.Which grade is the student in?8.WtticJt grade is the student in?

B)详解:对话中,学生说到:微积分是二年级的一门必修课。表明该学生读二年级,故B正确。四个选项分别表示大学本科一、二、二、四年级学生。本题听音的重点,二是看选项中的原词是否在对话中有所提及,二是看对话中是否有与选项含义相同的其他表达方式。

9.Why has Jenny come to see Dr.TyIer?

A)详解:见面时的寒暄一过,学生就说出了自己的目的。我需要您在我这儿的课程卡上签名。A与此一致,为答案。选项均以She wanted开头,表明本题问“她”做某事的目的,可能问对话的主旨。

10.10.What does Dr.Tyler seem to be most concerned about?

D)详解:当学生说她这个学期修了6门功课时,老师说:。六门课?学习负担相当重啊。对话结束时,老师叮嘱"上完第一个星期的课以后,你一定要再来我这里一趟,我们再看看这么多课程会不会让你吃不消。"可见老师担心学生学习负担过重,故D正确。

11.Which course hasn’t Jenny taken?

B)详解:对话中提到,学生所选的6门功课分别是chemistry,calculus,modern American novel,romantic poetry,introductory economics和music。未提及的是选项B,故选择B.四项均是功课名称,听录音笔领对提到的相关内容做好标记。

Conversation Two

W:Hi.How can I help you?

M:Yes,I'd like to return this sweater for a refund.I bought it a week ago.

W:Well,first of all,what seems to be the problem?

M:Well,isn't it obvious by just looking at it?The first time I washed and dried it,the thing shrank at least five sizes.It wouldn't even fit a snake.

W:Uh,I see what you mean,but did you follow the washing instructions?I think it says here...yeah...right here on the label to hand wash it and then to dry it on low heat.

M:How was I supposed to know that?The label is written in Chinese!And something else:the color faded from a nice dark blue to a seaweed green.What kind of merchandise are you trying to sell here anyway?

W:Listen,sir.We take a lot of pride in our clothing.What I can do is allow you to exchange the sweater for another one.

M:I don't want to exchange it for anything!I just want my money back!

W:Well,I can give you credit on your next purchase,and since the item you purchased was on

clearance,we can't give you a refund.

M:A clearance item!There wasn't anything on the price tag or on the clothing rack that said anything about that.

W:I guess you didn't read the fine print in our ad.Look.Here's the ad,and the information about the clearance sale is right here at the bottom on the back page.

M:Where?There?What?That small print.You'd need an electronic microscope to see those words.

12.What’s the purpose of the man returning to that store?

A)详解:男士一开头就说。我想退回这件毛衣。refund意为退款,后来男士还说。我不想换购别的东西我就想要回我的钱!可见A正确。为准确解题,须对选项中的关键词加以注意,比如...money,exchange,instruction,color分别说明选项能涉及的内容,听录音时要一一辨析。

13.What is one reason why the man wants to return the item?

D)详解:男士提出要退货的理由是。才洗了一次,干了后它至少缩小了五码!连一条蛇都穿不进它了!。可见毛衣缩水严重,故D正确。

14.What is one reason why the sales clerk can’t help the customer with his request?

A)详解:女士在听到男士的投诉后,立即问。可是你按照清洗说明做了吗?。据此即可正确作答,故选A.如果能听出男士未能看憧中文写的。清洗说明。,则可更进一步确认,男士洗涤方法不正确。

15.Why couldn’t the man see the information about the clearance sale?

B)详解:对话最后女士说清货信息在印发的广告背面底部,男士反应很激烈,嫌印的字太小,并夸张地说需要电子显微镜才看得到些字,可见他之所以没看到清货信息是因为字印小了,故选B.

Section C

Passage One

The secret of a long and happy marriage appears to be not to expect too much from it.Far better,US researchers say,to aim low to ensure you are not disappointed.The key to keeping that newlywed glow appears to be forgiveness and communication.The study by researchers from Ohio and Florida Universities looked at 82 couples.They quizzed all the spouses independently over four years.Writing in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,researchers led by James McNulty,professor of psychology at Ohio University,said:"In contrast to the idea that expectations in the early years of marriage exert main effects on satisfaction,the current findings suggest that the effects of expectations interact with the skills partners bring to their relationships."The study also found that people tend to select like-minded partners who they believe will be able to maintain a stable relationship.The finding contradicts the old belief that opposites attract.Instead,the US researchers said people looking for long-term relationships should select partners who were similar to themselves,rather than seeking out the highest quality partner available.

16.What is the key to a happy marriage according to the study?

D)详解:短文开头处说'使新婚夫妇容光焕发的要诀似乎是宽容与沟通。。故D正确。本题符合短文听力"听到什么选什么的原则。

17.How many people are investigated in the study?

D)详解:原文提到,该研究调查了82对夫妇,因此是164人,即D.本题问数字,把听到的容一一做笔记,最后根据问题作答。

18.Which is the belief of the researchers?

B)详解:短文介绍了一项婚姻调查研究的几个结论,其中一条说:。原先的看法是,婚后头几

年里,期望值对满意度起着主要作用;而目前的研究结果与此相对期望值的影响力与夫妻间相处的技巧密切相关。朴也就是说,夫妻间相处的技巧对婚姻关系很重要,故B正确。C.D 尽管措辞不同,但意义一致,属等价选项,可直接排除;A的含义即短文提到的"原先的看法。,不属目前研究的结论。

Passage Two

Do you have a tough math test coming up?Then listen to some classical piano music just before the test.You might end up with a higher score.Researchers at a university in California conducted an experiment.They asked a group of college students to listen to some piano music by a famous 18th century composer before taking a math test.They were surprised to find that the students'scores jumped 8 to 9 points.The music seems to excite nerve activities in the brain similar to the activity that occurs when a person is figuring out a math problem.However,the scientists warn that before you get too excited about applying this method to your math test,you should remember that brain-exciting effects last only 10 to 15 minutes.Would rock music work as well as the piano music did?No,the scientists say.In fact,the less complex music might even interfere with the brain's reasoning ability.

19.What is this passage mainly about?

D)详解:题目询问文章的主旨是什么。关键是要听到文章开头的三旬话,由此可知D正确。主旨类题考查考生对短文的主题或主旨大意的概括理解,一般出现在短文的第一题或者最后一题。

20.Why can classical music play a positive role in problem solving?

C)详解:题目询问为什么古典音乐能够在解决问题的过程中起到积极作用。关键是要听到"(古典)音乐似乎刺激大脑里的神经活动。。故选C.符合短文听力。听到什么选什么。的原则。

21.What is one of the findings of the research?

A)详解:题目询问研究的发现之一是什么。关键是要听到。你应该记住,刺激大脑的效果只能持续10-15分钟。故A正确而D错误。B中的Piano music应改成The less complex music,C 未提及。

Passage Three

"Where is the University?"is the question many visitors to Cambridge ask,but no one could point them in any one direction because there is no campus.The university consists of 31 self-governing colleges.It has lecture halls,libraries,laboratories,museums and offices throughout the city.Individual colleges choose their own students,who have to meet the minimum entrance requirements set by the university.Undergraduates usually live and study in their colleges,where they are taught in very small groups.Lectures and laboratory and practical work are organized by the university and held in university buildings.There are over 10,000 undergraduates and 3,500 postgraduates.About 40 percent of them are women and some 8 percent from overseas.As well as teaching,research is of major importance.Since the beginning of the 20th century,more than 60 university members have won Nobel Prizes.The university has a huge number of buildings for teaching and research.It has more than 60 specialized subject libraries,as well as the University Library,which,as a copyright library,is entitled to a copy of every book published in Britain.Examinations are set and degrees are awarded by the university.It allowed women to take the university exams in 1881,but it was not until 1948 that they were awarded degrees.

22.Why is it difficult for visitors to locate Cambridge University?

D)详解:预读选项可知,这是一道原因推理题。题目询问为什么参观者难以确定剑桥大学的范围。关键是要听“这所大学的演讲厅、图书馆、实验室、博物馆和办公室遍布全城。”D

是其同义表达,故为答案。A.B.C在文中均未提及。

23.What does the passage tell us about the colleges of Cambridge University?

B)详解:题目询问文章讲述了剑桥大学学院的什么情况。关健是要听到“毎个学院自主选择学生”,B中的select对应文中的choose,故B正确。A.C.D提及的内容都是由Cambridge University而不是其下属的colleges执行的,因此均不正确。

24.What can be learned from the passage about the libraries in Cambridge University?

B)详解:题目询问根据文章内容,我们可以了解到剑桥大学图书馆的什么情况。关键是要听到。’大学拥有60多个专业科目图书馆’即B.选项A.C的内容文中均未提及;文中说University Library拥有英国出版的每本书,而不是题目所指的剑桥大学里所有的图书馆,故D不正确。

25.What does the passage say about women students in Cambridge University?

B)详解:题目询问文章讲述了剑桥大学女学生的什么情况。关键是要听到文章最后一向"1881年,这所大学允许女生参加考试,但是直到1948年才授予女生学位’’即B.选项A的内容文中未提及文中说女生大约占学生总数的4096,故C错误;1881年并没授予女生学位,也就是说时学校对待她们与对待男生还是不同,故D不正确。

Model Test 2

Section A

Directions:In this section,you will hear three news reports.At the end of each news report,you will hear two or three questions.Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once.After you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1with a single line through the centre.

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

1.A)Guests can pay without going to the front desk.C)Guests can check out any time.

B)Guests can go direct to their rooms.D)Guests can make room reservations.

2.A)2.B)

3.C)100.D)150.

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

3.A)He will be sent back even if he is unfit to stand trial.

B)He will remain in South Africa for medical treatment.

C)He will stand trial in South Africa once proved fit

D)He will return to the U.K for medical treatment.

4.A)Killing Ms wife in the U.K.C)Hiring a crew of criminals.

B)Being involved in a taxi accident.D)Having his wife killed.

Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

5.A)The school stopped providing school lunch.

B)Their parents preferred fruit and milk for lunch.

C)Their parents failed to pay for school lunch.

D)They chose to have something different.

6.A)They were satisfied.C)They were angry.

B)They were surprised.D)They were sad.

7.A)This week.B)On Tuesday.C)On Monday.D)Unknown.

Section B

Directions:In this section,you will hear two long conversations.At the end of each conversation,you will hear four questions.Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once.After you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices

marked A),B),C)and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Conversation One

8.A)She is environmentally-concerned.C)Her car is being repaired in the shop.

B)She wants to save money.D)She wants to see the man on the bus.

9.A)Diana believes the air is not likely to be cleaner.

B)Diana think the diesel(柴油机)bus is free of pollution now.

C)Dim has taken a class on environmental engineering.

D)Diana sounds pessimistic about the future of the insulator(绝热器).

10.A)It makes the fuel burn more efficiently.C)It is easy to install.

B)It helps release more unburned fuel.D)It is very cheap.

11.A)lowering transportation fees.C)The man's car in the shop.

B)the environmental engineering class.D)better environment.

Conversation Two

12.A)Tine hotel confused him with another guest.

B)Rooms are overbooked for that evening.

C)There are no more rooms available for five people.

D)All the rooms available are under renovation.

13.A)There was a marathon going on.C)There was a conference going on.

B)Almost all the hotels were being renovated.D)the hotel was overbooked two months ago

14.A)line man wants to live in them.C)There is a roll-away bed.

B)They are like the normal rooms.D)Customers can watch TV there.

15.A)A honeymoon suite for$250 for the night and fee breakfast of Chinese style.

B)A honeymoon suite for$225 for the night and fee breakfast of western style.

C)A honeymoon suite for$200 for the night and fee breakfast of Chinese style.

D)A honeymoon suite for$200 for the night and flee breakfast of western style.

Section C

Directions:In this section,you will hear three passages.At the end of each passage,you will hear some questions.Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once.

After you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

16.A)Watching can cause physical diseases.

B)TV places the viewer in a completely passive position.

C)People are too dependent on TV.

D)The quality of some TV programs is poor.

17.A)Television has more advantages than disadvantages.

B)Television has more disadvantages than advantages.

C)It is no use watching TV.

D)Television in itself is neither good nor bad.

18.A)How much a TV set costs.C)How people put it to use.

B)The quality of TV programs.D)The number of people watching TV.

19.A)He wanted to remain popular with the audience.

B)He wished to give more performances.

C)He didn't trust others.

D)He was extremely anxious its negative effect.

20.A)He was refused to give performances in 1804.

B)He was not able to compose in 1804.

C)He was becoming very difficult to be with in 1840

D)He attempted to kill himself in 1804.

21.A)He didn’t kill himself because of his friends.

B)He remained single all is life.

C)He was always not easy to be with.

D)He had few friends in his life.

Passage Three

22.A)About 1920.B)Around 1925.C)Around 1930.D)About 1935.

23.A)Over 16 million.B)Over 3.5 million.C)Over 1 million.D)Over 2.5 million.

24.A)Corn.B)Soybean C)Oat.D)Rye.

25.A)Corn.B)Soybean.C)Oat.D)Rye.

答案详解

Section A

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

Got a smart phone?Never lose your hotel key,or even have to stop at the registration desk, again.That's the vision of a hotel chain that plans to send digital keys to guests'phone via an app instead of making them check in and get the traditional plastic swipe cards.Arriving guests could get around the front desk and go straight to their rooms.Starwood Hotels&Resoils,which owns more than 1,150 hotels in nearly 100 countries,[21plans to install the system in the next three months at two of its hotels in the U.S.A.If all goes well,the company says it could have the feature in all of its hotels by next year.A spokeswoman said the app will initially be compatible with recent iPhone models and newer Android phones The app will use Bluetooth technology to unlock the room with a tap.

1.What is the main advantage of title digital key?

【B】【详解】录音提到一家连锁酒店打算使用一款应用程序(app)给顾客发送数字钥匙,顾客因此无需办理入住手续,可以绕过前台直接入住房间。B。顾客可以直接入住房间"是这种数字钥匙的主要优点,为答案,其中的go direct对应录音中的go straight to录音没有提及付款、退房和预订房间的相关内容,因此A.C和D不正确。

2.How many hotels will have the system in the next three months?

【A】【详解」录音提到,这家公司计划未来三个月将在旗下两家美国酒店安装这种系统,故答案为A.

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

A British man accused of planning his wife’s murder while they were honeymooning in South Africa has lost a High Court appeal to block his being sent back to Britainuntil he is fit to stand trial.The judges ruled that Shrien Dewani can be sent back as long as the South African government pledges to return him to the United Kingdom should he ultimately prove unfit to be tried.Dewani’s lawyers had urged that he should not be sent back while he was unfit to stand trial.He is being treated for a depressive illness.His legal team can appeal the decision at the Supreme Court.Dewani is accused of hiring a crew of criminals to kill his wife,Anni Dewani,during

a taxi ride in Cape Town last November,just over two weeks after their wedding.

3.What can we learn about Shrien Dewani according to the court ruling?

【A】【详解】新闻开头提到,Shrien Dewani向高级法院提出申诉,希望在适合出庭受审时才被遣返回英国,但他的申诉失败。法庭裁决,若最终可以证明Shrien Dewani不适合受审,只要南非政府摆正将他遣返回英国,Shrien Dewani可以被遣返。由此可知,A“尽管他不合适出庭受审也得被遣返”为答案,同时排除C。一旦证明合适就在南非出庭受审"。法庭裁决没有提及治疗的问题,故排除B和D.

What was Dewani accused of?

【D】【详解】新闻的开头和结尾都提到Dewani的罪行雇用罪犯杀害妻子,D。让人杀害自己的妻子°为答案。Dewani计划在南非度蜜月时雇凶杀害妻子,A错在in the U.K.Dewani 的妻子是在搭乘的士时被杀的,新闻中没有谈及的士事故,B·涉嫌与一起的士事故有关。没有依据。Dewani主要是被控杀人,故排除C。雇用一帮罪犯"。

Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

Dozens of children at a Utah elementary school had their lunch trays taken away from them before they could take a bite this week Salt lake City School District officials said the trays were taken way at Utah Elementary School Tuesday because some students had negative balances in their accounts used to pay for lunches.But they admit the situation should have been handled differently.Instead of regular lunches,the students were given fruit and milk.“We don’t ever let kids go without any food entirely,”said Salt Lake City School District spokesman Jason Olsen.One mother said,she was“blindsided”when her daughter described what a school district official told her:“You don’t have any money in your account,so you can’t get lunch.”“There were a lot of tears,”she said,“and it was pretty upsetting for them.”The district said it started notifying parents about negative account balances Monday.But the mother said she and other parents were never told about the problem.

5.Why were some children offered only fruit and milk for lunch?

【C】【详解】新闻提到,犹他州的许多小学生被收走了午餐盘,原因是他们用于支付午餐的账户余额不足(had negative balance);学校没有给这部分孩子提供惯常的午餐,而是给他们发了水果和牛奶。由此可知,C。父母未支付午餐费用'为答案。A"学校停止提供午餐"与新闻不符。B·们的家长更喜欢水果和牛奶当午餐。和D。他们选择要不一样的东西'都属于无中生有。

6.How did parents react to the school’s way of handling the situation?

【B】【详解】新闻提到,当听到女儿描述学区要员对她说”你的账户里没有钱了,所以不能得到午餐”时,妈妈遭受了意外的打击(blindsided)。由此可知,由此可知,B为答案,其中surprised对应录音中的blindsided.A“满意的“。与家长到的反应截然相反。新闻没有提及家长们很愤怒,排除C.新闻中提到的a lot of tears和pretty upsetting都是孩子的反应,排除D。

7.When were the parents informed of negative balances according to the district?

【C】【详解】新闻提到,学区要员称周一已通知家长账户余额不足,C为正确答案。A“本周”在新闻开头提到,是说本周许多犹他州的小学生被收走了午餐盘。B。故排除。周二'是盐湖城学校的学区要员说明学生被收走餐盘二事的时间,故排除。

Section B

Conversation One

Conversation One

M:Hi,Diana.I'm surprised to see you on the city bus.Your car in the shop?

W:No.I've just been thinking a lot about the environment lately.So I decided the air will be a lot cleaner if we all use public transport when we could.

M:I'm sure you are right.The diesel bus isn't exactly pollution free.

W:True.They'll be running a lot cleaner soon.We were just talking about that in my environmental engineering class.

M:What could the city do?Install pollution filters in all their buses?

W:They could,but those filters make the engines work harder and really cut down on the fuel efficiency.Instead,they found a way to make their engines more efficient.

M:How?

W:Well,there is a new insulator.And you spray a thick coat of it on the engine.

M:An insulator?

W:Yeah.What it does is reflect back the heat of burning fuel.So the fuel will burn much hotter and burn up more completely.

M:So a lot less unburned fuel comes out to pollute the air.

W:And the bus will need less fuel.So with the saving on fuel cost,they say this will all pay for itself in just six months.

8.Why does Diana take a bus that day?

【A】【详解】男士问Diana为什么乘坐公共汽车,是不是她的汽车在维修。女士回答说不是,她乘坐的公交车是因为最近她在考虑环境问题。大家都是用公共交通的话,空气会更干净一些。课件她关注环境,故A正确。B未提及。C和D内容与对话无关。

9.What is true about Diana?

【C】【详解】女士说到:“在环境工程课上我们刚刚谈到过这一点。”可见她修了一门环境工程课,故C正确。四个选项都以Diana为主语,本题定然问她的情况。要根据选项关键词听对话,把涉及关键词的信息与选项对照,判断选项正误。

10.What justifies the installation of a new insulator in the buses according to Diana?

【A】【详解】对于安装新的绝热器,女士说。它的作用在于它可以把燃料燃烧的热量反射回来,这样燃料燃烧时的温度就会更高,燃烧也就更彻底。。可见绝热器可以提高燃烧率,A正确。鉴于我们并不知道it指什么,听录音时,必须对有关事物予以重视。对话中,男士重复反问了一个词。”An insulator?”。表明它是对话中讨论的一个重点,问题it可能与它有关。紧接着女士的回答又用了。”What it does is...”的强调结构,并用。So..,。说明结果相关内容及构成本题的答案。

11.What is the major concern of the woman?

【D】【详解】对话中女士有车不开,宁愿挤公交,上环境工程课;对节能环保绝热器感兴趣,均表明她关注环境有浓厚的环保意识。故选D。实际上本题是问对话主题,选项D概括性最强,为答案。其余的均是细节或与对话无关。

Conversation Two

M:Hi.I have a reservation for tonight.My name is Charles Nelson.

W:Okay.Mr.Nelson.That's a room for five under your name.

M:No.No.Hold on.There must be some mistake.

W:Okay.Let's check this again.Okay,Mr.Charles C.Nelson for tonight...

M:Ah.There's the problem.My name is Charles Nelson,not Charles C.Nelson.You must have two guests under the name.

W:Okay.Let me check this again.Oh.Okay.Here we are.Charles Nelson.A room for one for the 19th...

M:Wait,wait!It was for tonight.Not tomorrow night.

W:Hum.Hum.I don't think we have any rooms for tonight.There's a convention going on in town,and uh,let's see.Yeah,no rooms.Well.We do have some rooms under renovation with just a roll-away bed.None of the normal stuff like a TV or working shower or toilet.

M:Ah http://m.wendangku.net/doc/2c65cdceccbff121dc3683a8.htmle on.There must be something else.

W:Well.Let me check my computer here.Ah!There has been a cancellation for this evening.A honeymoon suite is now available.

M:Great.I'll take it.

W:But I'll have to charge you two hundred fifty dollars for the night.

M:Ah.Madam.I should get a discount for the inconvenience.

W:Well.The best I can give you is a ten percent discount plus a ticket for a free continental breakfast.

12.What was the first problem with the man's reservation?

【A】【详解】曼上上在入住酒店时,遇到了一系列难题首先,他自报家门时,服务员把他和另一个同名同姓的人搞混淆了其次,他原订的这一天的房间没有了,第2天才有房间;第三,其他房间也都已订满,只有正在装修中的临时房。本题问他遇到的第1个问题,故选A.本对话前面开头部分一直在说人名。听到有关name,mistake,problem,have two guests under the name即可确定答案。

13.Why was it hard to get a room that day?

【C】【详解】女士在解释房子紧张的原因时说,。我想我们今晚是没房子了。城里正在开一个会........conference convention之义,故C正确。A.C旬型一致,区别在conference和marathon(马拉松长跑)上;B。几乎所有酒店都在翻修。显然不合常理D中的时间在对话中未提及。

14.What do we know about the rooms under renovation in the hotel?

【C】【详解】女士在说到客房全部订满时,提到酒店倒是有一些在装修的客房,里面只有一张折叠床,没有电视或可使用的洗手间这样的正常配套,可见选C,同时可排除B和D.预读选项时,根据A和B可知them和They指的是rooms,听音时要留意某种客房的相关信息。

15.What did the man get finally?

【B】【详解】女士查到有人取消订房,是一个蜜月套房,每晚需250美元。男士表示要住这个套房,但要求打折。女士说"我最多给你打9折,另外再免费送一张欧洲大陆式早餐用餐券。。可见男士最后得到的是以225美元住一晚蜜月套房,并获得免费西式早餐。故B正确。

Section C

Passage One

Television now plays such an important part in so many people's lives that it is essential for us to try to decide whether it is a blessing or a curse.Obviously television has both advantages and disadvantages.But do the former outweigh the latter?In the first place,television is not only a convenient source of entertainment,but also a comparatively cheap one.They just sit comfortably at home and enjoy endless series of programs rather than to go out in search of amusement elsewhere.Some people,however,maintain that this is precisely where the danger lies.The television viewer needs to do nothing.He is completely passive and has everything presented to him without any effort on his part.Secondly,television keeps one informed about current events,allows one to follow the latest developments in science and politics.Yet here again there is a danger.The television screen itself has a terrible,almost physical fascination for us.We get so

used to looking at its movements,so dependent on its pictures that it begins to dominate our lives.There are many other arguments for and against television.The poor quality of its program is often criticized.But it is undoubtedly a great comfort to many lonely elderly people.And does it corrupt or instruct our children?I think we must realize that television in itself is neither good nor bad.It is the uses to which it is put that determine its value to society.

16.What is NOT mentioned as the disadvantages of TV?

【A】【详解】本文分析电视的利弊,它带来益处的同时也有潜在的弊端。文章分别提到,观看电视是被动接受的行为即B),它使人产生依赖性(即C),有些电视节目质量太差(即D)。未提到的弊端是A,故选A.此外,A。看电视会导致牛珲疾病。的说法闻所未闻。这是对原文中almost physical fascination“几乎有生理上的迷恋”。的曲解,换言之,有些选项可据常识加以判断。

17.What is the speaker's opinion of television?

【D】【详解】短文结尾处,作者在给出了正反观点后,给出了中允的观点"我想我们必须认识到,电视本身无月刊胃好坏。'即D正确。C太绝对,可以排除;A.B针锋相对,D则不偏不倚。根据短文中作者的口吻,他是持中立态度的,应选D.本题可以。听到什么选什么。

18.What determines the value of television to society?

【C】【详解】文章最后说电视本身无所谓好坏,人们使用它的方式决定了它对社会的价值。C与此同义。A(电视机的价格).D(观看电视的人数)与全文中心无关,可以排除;B在文中有所提及,是某个细节,属于答非所问。

Passage Two

Beethoven probably began to go deaf in 1797,but he tried to keep it a secret,while consulting doctors and trying various remedies,such as the application of almond oil.He was extremely anxious about its possible effect on his career as a musician,and embarrassed by its effect on his social life.In the summer of 1801 he wrote to two friends expressing the anxietythat his best years would pass"without my being able to achieve all that my talent and my strength have commanded me to do".Although tempted to kill himself,"the only thing that held me back was my art.For indeed it seemed to me impossible to leave this world before I had produced all the works that I felt the urge to compose".It could be argued that Beethoven's deafness helped the development of his art:isolated from the world,and unable to perform,he could devote all his time to composing.In 1804 his friend Stephan von Breuning,with whom he briefly shared lodgings,wrote to Franz Wegler about the terrible effect his gradual loss of hearing was having on Beethoven:it had caused him to distrust his friends,and he was becoming very difficult to be with.But above all else,Beethoven was dedicated to his art and the urge to compose remained with him throughout his life.It may be that he shielded away from the commitment of marriage because he knew it would interfere with his art.

19.Why did Beethoven try to conceal his going deaf?

【D】【详解】短文开头就说贝多芬不愿透露自己耳聋的消息,并紧接着说明了原因“他极为担心这个消息对他作为一位音乐家的事业可能带来的影响,他也不知道该如何处理该消息对他的社交生活产生的影响。”D(他对它的负面影响极为担心)全面概括了相关内容,故正确。

20.What was the result from Beethoven's gradual loss of hearing in 1804?

【C】【详解】短文中提到。1804年,贝多芬的朋友在信中说“失去听力使他(贝多芬)不相信朋友,他变得非常难以相处”故C正确。由选项中共同的时间可知,本题问1804年发生在。”他”身上的事情。听到”1804”即当留意选项中对应的关键词。C为原词再现。

21.What do we know about Beethoven in this passage?

【B】【详解】短文最后说。情况可能是这样因为他知道结婚会影响他的艺术创作,所以他逃避了婚姻的承诺。信之意是,贝多芬一辈子未婚,故B正确。四个选项主语都是He,但具体内容互不相干,须听记所有相关信息并做出相应标记。

Passage Three

Over the years,new technologies have changed farming.Change in a general direction is a trend.Yet people often recognize trends only when they consider the past.Today,we look back at some trends in American agriculture.In 1920,America had more than 25 million horses and mules.Most were used for farm work.Around the same time,a competitor began to appear in large numbers.Tractors could turn soil,pull loads and speed harvests—and they could do it better.More tractors meant fewer horses and mules.By the 1960s,the numbers of these work animals settled to where they remain today.That is about one-tenth the levels in 1920.Yet even the demand for tractors had its limits.Their numbers have been slowly decreasing since 1982.Experts say farmers can do more with less now because of new technologies.As tractors replaced horses and mules,farmers no longer needed to raise crops to feed work animals.Oats have long been food for horses and mules.In 1954,American farmers planted over sixteen million hectares of oats.By 2000,that was down to less than one million hectares.So what did the farmers do with the extra land?More and more farmers began to plant a new crop around the same time that the tractor became popular.It was the soybean.The soybean is one of the oldest plants harvested.Yet it was not planted widely in the United States until the 1920s.By the year 2000,close to 30 million hectares were planted with soybeans.It is the nation's most important crop for high-protein animal feed and for vegetable oil.In fact,soybeans are the second most valuable crop grown by American farmers after corn.Much of the soybean production goes to exports.

22.In which year did tractors begin to appear in large numbers?

【A】【详解】短文中提到,1920年,美国用于农业生产的马、骡数量有2500多万,。同时一个竞争者开始大量出现。拖拉机.............意即1920年拖拉机开始大量涌现,故A正确。23.How many horses and mules did America have in the 1960s?

【D】【详解】短文说,1920年,美国用于农业生产的马、骡数量总共有2500多万,此后一路减少,到20世纪60年代,数目趋于稳定,迄今没有变化。目前约有1920年的1/10。由此可计算出,20世纪60年代美国用于农业生产的马、骡牲口共250多万,故D正确。24.What is America's most important crop for high-protein animal feed and for vegetable oil? 【B】【详解】短文提到,到2000年,近3000万公顷土地种了大豆。。它是全国最重要的高蛋白动物饲料和植物油农作物。朴故B正确。昕短文答题时,要特别留意"语义强调之处。。本题。the nation's most important crop。显然符合此语义特征。

25.What is the most valuable crop grown by American farmers?

【A】【详解】短文结尾处提到,姓事实上,大豆是继玉米之后美国农民种植的第二大最有价值的农作物。。可见最有价值的农作物是玉米,答案是A.答题方法与上题一样。对于文中语义强调的内容要有所辨别,最后才能按听到的问题答题。若能听记most valuable这语义要点,本题就容易了。

Model test 3

Section A

Directions:In this section,you will hear three news reports.At the end of each news report,you will hear two or three questions.Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once.After you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked

A),B),C)and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1with a single line through the centre.

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

1.A)Working for the Internal Revenue Service.C)The daily life of the disabled.

B)A special service.D)Technology bringing jobs to the disabled.

2.A)303 B)300 C)305 D)42

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

3.A)Three Emergency workers were arrested by Afghan authorities.

B)The Afghan officials investigated the cause of a murder case.

C)The governor of Helmand Province was murdered by an Emergency staff.

D)There was an explosive suicide in Helmand's hospital.

4.A)Someone was accused of receiving advance payment for murdering the governor.

B)Nothing was found in the Emergency-run hospital.

C)Six people?om the Emergency have been involved in the murdering case.

D)line founder of the Italian aid group Emergency was unknown.

Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

5.A)People who don't follow doctors'advice should pay m

B)Taxes collection on overweight people needs to be enhanced.

C)Parents should pay tax for their overweight children in Arizona.

D)Doctor's advice for fat people is not offered on the Internet.

6.A)An Arizona's Medicaid programme.C)A reward mechanism.

B)A punishment system.D)A healthcare organization.

7.A)He himself is very fat too.C)people should have their own freedom.

B)The assessment system is not sound.D)It may cause a lot of social problems.

Section B

Directions:In this section,you will hear two long conversations.At the end of each conversation,you will hear four questions.Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once.After you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Conversation One

8.A)Walk the dog.C)Go to the dentist’s.

B)Clean the house.D)Fishing her assignment.

9.A)12:30 pm.B)2:00 pm.C)4:30 Pm.D)5:30 pm.

10.A)Exciting.B)Rewarding.C)Disappointing.D)Exhausting.

11.A)They can't decide on a video.

B)Susan's mother is going to use the video machine.

C)Susan will be asked to do something else.

D)The machine isn’t working.

Conversation Two

12.A)Since Friday.B)Since Saturday.C)Since Sunday.D)Since Monday.

13.A)He will be still sick by Friday.C)He has to give a speech in public.

B)He can't go to work on Friday.D)He isn't well prepared for a report.

14.A)He has a cold.C)He has a stomachache.

B)He has the flu.D)He has a toothache.

15.A)Take herbal medicine.

B)See another doctor.

C)Drink chicken soup.

D)Stay in bed.

Section C

Directions:In this section,you will hear three passages.At the end of each passage,you will hear some questions.Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once.

After you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1with a single line through the centre.

16.A)Diet.B)Sleep.C)Space.D)Stress.

17.A)They tend to reproduce more.C)They can eat and sleep better.

B)They may show more signs of violence.D)They may commit suicide.

18.A)Rats can populate rapidly.

B)Population explosion can lead to violence.

C)Overcrowdedness may have the same effects on man.

D)It is a natural law that animals live and die.

Passage Two

19.A)Crimes committed by young people.

B)Crimes committed by needy people.

C)Influence on young people.

D)Stealing and violence.

20.A)They are usually poor and in need.

B)They do not have as much freedom or money as they want.

C)They live in an environment where everybody knows each other.

D)They are not satisfied with the adult world.

21.A)the family and the school.C)The society and the young people.

B)The adults and the mass media.D)The young people themselves.

Passage Three

22.A)About seven million.C)25%of American people.

B)Half of the American population.D)About 25 million.

23.A)They are older than young people.

B)The young people will soon be in charge of the nation.

C)The students today have strong opinions.

D)The youth's ideas are sometimes wrong.

24.A)The lives of their parents.C)The trouble in American families.

B)Making a better life for all people.D)The strong opinions.

25.A)They feel much is wrong with the lives of their parents.

B)They see clearly what is right and good in the lives of their parents.

C)They feel that everything about the lives of their parents is acceptable.

D)They feel nothing is right and good in the lives of their parents.

答案详解

Section A

Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.

If you contact the customer service department of a government agency or a major http://m.wendangku.net/doc/2c65cdceccbff121dc3683a8.htmlpany,or order something over the phone,it’s likely that your call will be answered by someone with a disability,working from their home.It could be on a farm in Iowa,or a small town in the Vermont Mountains.It’s one example how computer technologies is giving disabled people easier access to job market.Ed McCann is one of more than 300 disabled order entry clerksin 42 states who are working for the Internal Revenue Service,the IRS.“The calls that come in for forms and publication orders to the IRS come to me,and I take information for processing those forms.People who call me sometimes are not really clear on what exactly they would need and I’

d giv

e them the assistance and guidance determining what they would need.”

1.What is the news report mainly about?

【D】【详解】新闻开篇就说电脑技术让残疾人更容易获得工作,然后举例证明这一说法。故D为正确答案。A“为International Revenue Service工作”。B,“一项特殊的服务”和C,“残疾人的日常生活”。都只是和新闻相关的信息,并不是新闻的主要内容。

2.How many disabled clerks working for the IRS?

【B】【详解】预读选项可知本题为数字题,考生应留意记下出现数字的信息。新闻中提到,Ed Mccann是美国IRS在42个州拥有的超过300名残疾单据输入员中的一员,故该公司拥有超过300名残疾员工,B正确。D的数字42在新闻中也有提及,但这是州的数目,而不是输入员的数目。

Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.

The Italian aid group Emergency has had a tense relationship with local authorities in violence-racked Helmand province,due in part to its policy of treating all patients.Afghan officials said they arrested three Italian Emergency workers Saturday,a doctor,a nurse and a logistics worker.Afghan officials said they were held as part of an investigation into an unproved plot to kill the governor of Helmand province.Helmand Province Governor Gulab Mangal said an Emergency staff member received 500,000 dollars as an advance payment for killing him.In total nine people,including six Afghans,were held after hand bombs and other weapons were discovered in the storeroom of the Emergency-run hospital in Helmand’s capital,Lashkar Gah.Emergency founder Gino Strada scolded the charge of the aid group’s three workers.

3.What happened on Saturday?

【A】【详解】新闻指出,阿富汗的官员称他们周六拘留了3名来自意大利的紧急救援人员一名医生、一名护士和一个后勤工作人员。A所述与此相符,故为答案。

4.What do we learn about the Italian aid group Emergency?

【A】【详解】新闻指出,赫尔曼德省省长Gulab Mangal称紧急救援组的一名工作人员收到一笔作为刺杀他的预村款,A正确。在赫尔曼德首都的医院储存室里发现了手榴弹及其他武器后,有9人被拘留,其中包括6个阿富汗人。此外,新闻还提及紧急救援组的创始人为Gira Strada.B.C.D与上述内容不符。

Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.

If a new idea in America becomes a law,people who suffer from obesity could suffer financially too.The US state of Arizona wants to charge overweight citizens 50 dollars annually if they fail to follow their doctors’advice.People with children or who are overweight because they suffer from a medical condition would be excluded.If the idea is approved by Congress,smokers and diabetics who fail to stick to a healthy lifestyle will also have to pay.Medicaid,the organisation which provides healthcare to the poor in the USA,costs the government 339 billion dollars a

year.Monica Coury,assistant director at Arizona’s Medicaid programme,said that this proposal would ask people to give something back.She said that Arizona would take a carrot and stick approach to the problem.As well as punishing people who go against their doctor’s wishes,awards would be offered for following advice,possibly a keep-fit video.Arizona’s senator Kyrsten Sinema has not backed the plans,saying that there isn’t a system to decide whether someone is or isn’t following medical advice.Other critics claim that people don’t need the government to look after them;if they want to be fat and smoke,the“nanny state”shouldn’t try to stop them.

5.What is the new idea of Arizona?

【A】【详解】新闻的开头提到,如果一个新想法立法通过,么胖子在经济上也要遭殃了。然后具体指出该想法国的亚利桑州对些不接受医生的建议而超重的公民每年收取50美元超重税吸烟者和郡些未能坚持健康生活方式的人也必须交税同样,郡些不接受医生的建议或鼓励的人也要受到惩罚,故答案是A.

6.What is Medicaid?

【D】【详解】题目问Medicaid是什么。新闻中提到,它是一家为美国的贫困人群提供医疗服务的组织(provides healthcare to the poor in the USA),故D正确。A“亚利桑州的一个医疗项目”。B“一套惩罚系统”。和C。“一奖励机制”都和新闻内容不符。

7.Why do Kyrsten Sinema go against the plans?

【B】【详解】新闻指出,亚利桑州的参议员旬Sinema没有支持该提议,因为他认为没有一个能判定病人是否遵循医嘱的系统(there isn't a system to decide whether someone is or isn't following medical advice).B。评估系统不健全。符合题意。而其他评论家宣称,人们不需要政府的照顾,如果他们想要成为胖子或想抽烟,这个。保姆式的国家。不该试图阻止他们。C。人们有自由。是其他评论家的看法。A他自身也很胖。和D。将引起许多社会问题。均没有在新闻中提到。

Section B

Conversation One

M: So, Susan,do you have anything planned for this Saturday?

W: Uh, I'm kind of busy.Why do you ask?

M: Oh, I was wondering if you'd like to get together and do something,like watch a movie or take a walk down by the lake.

W: I'd love to,but I'm really going to be busy all day on Saturday.

M: What do you have to do on that day?

W: First, my mom asked me to help clean the house in the morning,and then I have a dentist appointment at 12:30.I can't miss that 'cause I've canceled twice before.

M: Well, what about after that?

W: Well, I'm going to be running around all day.After the dentist appointment,I need to meet Julie at 2:00 to help her with her science project that's due on Monday morning at school.

M: Okay, but are you free after that?

W: Hardly. Then I have to pick up my brother from soccer practice at 4:30,and my mom asked me to cook dinner for the family at 5:30.I feel like a slave sometimes.Then, I have to clean the dishes and finish reading my history assignment.Who knows how long that'll take?

M: Wow, sounds like you're going to have a full day.Hey, listen, why don't I come over later in the evening,and we can make some popcorn and watch a movie.

W: Oh, that'd be great,but our video machine is broken.

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