Module 7 Unit 1

Module 7 Unit 1 短语和句型背诵

1. keep / stay / remain in touch (with sb) (和…)保持联系

be in touch (with sb) 和…有联系be out of touch (with sb) 和…没有联系

以上三个表达法都是延续性含义,可与表示时间段状语连用。

2. get in touch (with sb) 和某人建立起联系lose touch (with sb) 和…失去联系

这两个表达法都是瞬间性含义,不能和时间段状语连用。

2. over time 随着时间的推移/流逝

3. contribute A to B 将A贡献给B contribute articles to a newspaper 向一份报纸供稿

contribute money to charity 向慈善组织捐款contribute ideas to an activity 给一个活动出主意

4. contribute to sth 对…有贡献;促成…,助长…;也是…的原因,是…的一个原因

Contribute to our victory为我们的胜利出力

Bad weather contributed to the crop failure. 天气不好是此次作物歉收的一个原因。

Failing to ban mobile phones contributed to the rampant (泛滥的,肆虐的)exam cheating. 没有禁用手机也助长了考试作弊风气的泛滥。

5. make a breakthrough in sth在某方面做出突破

6. It be not until…that…直到…才…(强调句型)

It was not until we started a new column that he began to contribute to our paper. = Not until we started a new column did he begin to contribute to our paper. (部分倒装句型)= He didn’t begin to contribute to our paper until we started a new column. (普通句型)直到我们开设一个新专栏他才开始给我们的报纸供稿。

He won’t accept my apology until I visit him personally. = Not until I visit him personally will he accept my apology. = It is not until I visit him personally that he will accept my apology. 直到我亲自去拜访他他才会接受我的道歉。

7. it take some time for sb / sth to do 花/过多久时间某人做(成)某事

It will take more than three more decades for China to become a country where the law rules. 还要过三十年中国才会变成一个法治国。

8. allow sb / sth to do = make it possible for sb / sth to do(条件、环境等)使得某人/某物能够做某事

9. sth be accessible to sb某物能够为某人所获得/使用/接触到/理解,某地能为某人所进入/接近/到达= sb have access to sth Sb be accessible to sb 某人能够为某人所接近的

10. sb benefit from sth 某人受益于某物sth benefit sb某物对某人有益

11. an alternative to sth / sb 某物/某人的替代物

alternative technology 替代性技术alternative energy替代性能源

12. with sb / sth done由于/随着某人/某物已经被…with sb / sth to do 由于有某人/某物要/可以…

With sb / sth doing由于/随着某人/某物正在做…

with sb / sth + adj. / adv. / prep. phrase 由于某人/某物处于某状态

With no spare clothes available to the wet man, we decided to buy some clothes for him.

由于没有多余的衣服给全身湿透的那个人穿,我们当时决定给他买些衣服。

13. wind sth up 给某物上发条;将某物摇上来;结束某物

sb / sth wind up… = sb / sth end up…某人落得个某(一般为不好的)结果

14. make sth / sb things of the past = make sb / sth history使得某人/某物成为历史

make sth out of fashion / out of date / out of style使得某物过时

15. be sceptical that…对…不大相信,对…有所怀疑

16. a means / way of doing sth 做某事的方式(means单复同形)

17. answer for sth(因做了错事而)对…承担责任= shoulder the blame for sth

TV violence should answer partly for violence in real life. 电视节目中的暴力是现实生活中的暴力的部分原因。= TV violence contributes to violence in real life.

18. decide against sth / sb 否决某人/某物(=做最后决定时不选择某人/某物)

19. adjust / adapt sb / (oneself / sth) to sb / sth 改变某人(自己) / 某物以适应某人/ 某物

adjust / adapt to sb / sth 改变/调整以适应某人/某物

20. be shaped like…形状像…,被造成…样子

21. for instant access (to sth / sb) 以便能很快拿到/得到/进入/接近某人/某物

22. be to the point 一语中的,直击关键His speech was to the point. 他的讲话一语中的。

23. keep sth in mind记住某物

24. 较为礼貌表达观点的结构:It seems to me that…我觉得似乎…in my opinion = I think…= from my point of view我认为…On a personal note 个人认为As far as I am concerned 就我来看

25. introduce something / somebody new推出新的某物或新人

26. vote on sb / sth 就某人/某事物投票表决vote for sb / sth投票支持/选某人/某物

vote against sb / sth投票反对某人/某物

The committee then voted on the date and the place for the meeting and it turned out that only 30 percent of the members voted for this Saturday. 委员会然后就会议举行的日期和地点投票。结果只有30%的成员们赞成本周星期六开会。

Most of the students voted against a barbecue. 大部分学生都投票反对搞烧烤。

27. face to face面对面地heart to heart 心连心地,交心地

28. value doing sth重视/珍视做某事29. oppose doing sth 反对做某事

30. be more of…更具有某物的属性To me, he is more of a friend than a father. 对我来说,与其说他是父亲,不如说是朋友。

31. There be…advantages / disadvantages to sth. 某物有…优点/缺陷。= Sth has…advantages / disadvantages.

32. only to do 却…,居然…(表示出乎意料的结果)

only (for sb / sth) to do 某人/某物却/居然…(sb / sth是to do的逻辑主语)

I managed to get off the bus, only to leave my handbag on it in the rush. 我想方设法下了巴士,却在匆忙中将我的手提包落在了车上。

The man considers bribing the official for access to the market, only for his family to call it a bad idea. 这个男的考虑给那个官员行贿以获取市场准入权,可是他的家人却称之为馊主意。

33. so + adj. / adv + as to do 如此…以至于…= so + adj. / adv.+ that+从句

They are so skeptical about his claims as to insist on looking into them. 他们对他宣称的事情很是怀疑以至于坚决要求调查这些事。

34. for good measure = as well = too = in addition也,又,还,另外,作为额外的量/东西

He wrote a great article, and for good measure took the photograph used for the magazine cover. 他写了篇很棒的文章,又为杂志封面照了张照片。

I always put a little extra salt in the soup for good measure. 我总是在汤中放了盐之后还加一点。

35. rid oneself / sth of sb / sth 使得自己/某物摆脱某人/某物= free oneself / sth of sb / sth (注意:of后面跟的是要摆脱的对象)

be / get rid of sb / sth 摆脱了某人/某物

The girl is not clever enough to rid herself of the boy. 这个女孩子不够聪明,摆脱不了那个男生(的纠缠)。Can we rid the house of spiders?我们能不能除掉房子里的蜘蛛?

The house is finally rid of spiders. = The house has finally got ride of spiders 这个房子终于没有蜘蛛了。

36. apply A to B 将A用于B领域/方面apply to sth / sb适用于某人/某物

apply to sb向…申请(如:apply to a school / university 报考… ) apply for sth申请(以获得)某物

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