江苏省姜堰中学、淮阴中学2020 届高三12月阶段性测试 英语试卷及参考答案

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江苏省姜堰中学、淮阴中学2020 届高三12月阶段性测试

2019.12

英语试卷

注意事项

考生在答题前请认真阅读本注意事项及各题答题要求

1、本试卷共 12 页。本次考试时间为 120 分钟,满分 120 分。

2、答题前,请您务必将自己的姓名、考试证号用书写黑色字迹的0.5 毫米签字笔填写在答题

卡上。

3、作答非选择题必须用书写黑色字迹的0.5 毫米签字笔写在答题卡上的指定位置,在其它位

置作答一律无效。作答选择题必须用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,请用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案。

第一部分听力(共两节,满分 20 分)

第一节听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.What does the man really want to drink?

A. Instant coffee.

B. Real coffee.

C. Hot chocolate.

2.What will the man do first?

A. Visit the bank.

B. Pick up lunch.

C. Go to the post office.

3.Why can’t the woman park there?

A. She is disabled.

B. It’s for disabled people.

C. It’s not a parking lot.

4.Why does the boy like sharks?

A. They are fast and big.

B. They make funny sounds.

C. They are smart.

5.What is the time now?

A. 6:00 p.m.

B. 9:00 p.m.

C. 10:00 p.m.

第二节听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完

后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。

6.What kind of coffee does the man usually have?

A. Italian.

B. Brazilian.

C. French.

7.Where are the speakers?

A. In an office.

B. In a park.

C. In a coffee shop.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 10 题。

8.What was the girl’s most recent purchase?

A. A dog toy.

B. Some clothes.

C. An ice cream maker.

9.What is the relationship between the speakers?

A. Teacher and student.

B. Father and daughter.

C. Shopkeeper and customer.

10.Which word can describe the girl’s attitude to money?

A. Irresponsible.

B. Wise.

C. Mean.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 13 题。

11.Where does the woman’s mother live?

A. In Spain.

B. In Mexico.

C. In America.

12.What do the speakers plan to do on November 2nd?

A. Travel to Madrid.

B. Visit some friends.

C. Attend a holiday event.

13.When will the speakers leave New York?

A. On October 22nd.

B. On October 28th.

C. On November 22nd.

听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 17 题。

14.Where will the speakers most likely go swimming?

A. In the pool.

B. In the ocean.

C. In the lake.

15.Why can’t the speakers meet up this coming Sunday?

A.There will be a football game.

B.There will be a family party.

C.There will be bad weather.

16.What will the speakers most likely watch?

A. An action movie.

B. A comedy.

C. A history movie.

17.What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Friends.

B. Boss and worker.

C. Brother and sister.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。

18.How did Whittle first learn about engineering?

A. From school.

B. From work.

C. From his father.

19.What did Whittle do after having his idea for an engine?

A.He joined the Air Force.

B.He decided to drop out of school.

C.He gained the legal right of ownership.

20.Where was Whittle’s last home?

A. Maryland.

B. Coventry.

C. Cambridge.

第二部分英语知识运用(共两节, 满分 35 分)

第一节单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分, 满分 15 分)

请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳

选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

21.Japan is negatively influenced by the US-Japan security agreement, it has

relied a lot.

A. where

B. when

C. on which

D. in that

22.Such a craze the pursuit of fashion become that some schools have

to ban it for being too distracting and for fueling envy-rooted bullying.

A. does

B. did

C. had

D. has

23.According to a recent survey,90% of the students are interested in

reading after class, they spend less time on it as they suffer increasing

academic pressure.

A. before

B. when

C. while

D. unless

24.Time-limited sales can be a good opportunity to get a bargain, but

don’t the “deals” advertised by retailers on Black Friday, as

there are few real discounts.

A. fall for

B. relate to

C. cater for

D. subscribe to

25.Time is fair to everyone, and no one has the of possessing one more minute than

anyone else.

A. commitment

B. reservation

C. security

D. privilege

26.As is acknowledged to us all, climate change is many African countries.

many people their lives, especially in

A. taking

B. claiming

C. killing

D. costing

27.The job is satisfactory salary, but it has its disadvantage —it doesn’t interest me at all.

A. in tune with

B. in terms of

C. in contrast with

D. in case of

28.Lionel Messi playing for Barcelona claimed the 2019 Ballon d’Or on Monday, and before that he

the award for five times.

A. was winning

B. would win

C. has won

D. had won

29.More overseas students are returning home to make contributions to our country,

a large proportion of reported to have received first-class education.

A. whom

B. which

C. them

D. whoever

30.Only with a reasonable examination system pick out we think

is qualified for the task.

A. we can; any who

B. can we; whoever

C. we can; anyone

D. can we; who

31.The teacher would rather the boy more classic English novels from

now on instead of indulging himself in computer games.

A. read

B. would read

C. should read

D. had read

32.Experts warn that 70% of cosmetics are manufactured using palm oil, a substance which is

and has caused a lot of arguments.

A. controversial

B. delicate

C. dynamic

D. objective

33.According to a newly released regulation on online video services, no one

generate, release or spread fake news or information by using such technologies.

A. can

B. shall

C. will

D. may

34.A friend indeed is a friend who won’t on you when you are in need of help.

A. come out

B. hold out

C. break out

D. run out

35.— How time flies! We’re near the end of the year.

—. I’m looking forward to the winter holiday!

A. Take your time

B. You said it

C. I don’t buy it

D. You have my word

第二节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分, 满分 20 分)

3

请认真阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并

在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Experts are warning about the risks of extreme fussy eating(挑食)after a teenager developed permanent sight loss after living on a diet of chips and crisps.

Since leaving 36 school, the teen had been eating only French fries, Pringles

and white bread, as well as a(n) 37 slice of ham or a sausage. At the age of 14, feeling tired and not well, he was diagnosed with vitamin B12 deficiency(缺乏)

and was 38 supplements(补充剂), but he did not 39 the treatment or improve his

poor diet. Three years later, he was taken to the Bristol Eye Hospital because of progressive 40 loss.

Dr Denize Atan, who 41 him at the hospital, said, “The teenager explained

this eating disorder as a dislike of certain textures of food that he really could

not 42 , and so chips and crisps were really the only types of food that he wanted

and felt that he could eat.”

43 in B12 as well as some other important vitamins and minerals, he was

not over or underweight, but was 44 malnourished (lacking nutrition) from his

food intake disorder. “He had lost minerals from his bone, which was really quite

45 for a boy of his age.”

In terms of his sight loss, he met the 46 for being registered blind. Dr Atan

said, “He can’t drive and would find it really difficult to47 , watch TV or recognize faces. He can walk around on his own, 48 , because he doesn’t lose peripheral(周边的)vision.”

The condition the young man has is treatable 49 diagnosed early. Left too long, however,

the nerve fibers in the optic nerve die and the damage becomes 50 . Dr Atan said

cases like this are thankfully uncommon, but that parents should 51 the potential

harm that can be caused by picky eating, and seek expert help.

Dr Atan said vegans(素食主义者)are also at increased risk of B12 deficiency-

related sight problems if they do not replace what they can lack when 52 meat from

their diet.

“Multivitamin tablets can supplement a diet, but are not a(n) 53 for eating healthily. It’s much better to 54 vitamins through a varied and balanced diet,”

she said, adding that too much of certain vitamins, including vitamin A, can be

55 , “so you don’t want to overdo it”.

36. A. vocational B. primary C. middle D. special

37. A. funny B. rigid C. occasional D. raw

38. A. forbidden B. denied C. prescribed D. offered

39. A. stick with B. cope with C. play with D. go with

40. A. diet B. sight C. weight D. wit

41. A. cured B. studied C. instructed D. treated

42. A. describe B. recognize C. tolerate D. receive

43. A. Abundant B. Lost C. Backward D. Lacking

44. A. severely B. scarcely C. seemingly D. sincerely

45. A. amusing B. normal C. shocking D. typical

46. A. situations B. criteria C. deadlines D. challenges

47.A. read B. sing C. dance D. laugh

48.A. even B. though C. still D. yet

49.A. since B. unless C. after D. if

50.A. persistent B. periodic C. persevering D. permanent

51.A. wake up to B. live up to C. stand up to D. come up to

52.A. excluding B. separating C. including D. distinguishing

53.A. companion B. substitute C. suggestion D. explanation

54.A. take off B. take after C. take in D. take over

55.A. rewarding B. compulsory C. restrictive D. poisonous

第三部分阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分, 满分 30 分)

请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答

题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Heritage: Tomb, 1,200 years old, unearthed

A tomb dating back to the Tang Dynasty (618-907) has been found in Hebei province, according to the local cultural relics protection department.

The tomb was discovered by a villager. A tombstone, two china pieces, 12 items

of pottery and some bronze artistic handworks were unearthed. The inscription on

the tombstone, measuring 45 centimeters in length and 9 cm in thickness, consists

of 323 Chinese characters recording the name, birthplace and life story of its

owner and its inscription year in 733. Two china pieces, as well as other artistic handworks, are important to the research of the china craftsmanship of the local

kiln(窑), Zhao Xuefeng, a cultural relics expert, said.

Travel: Kung Fu Panda land coming to Beijing Universal

Beijing Resort(度假区), which is expected to open in 2021, has released a

short video about its Kung Fu Panda Land of Awesomeness. The Kung Fu

Panda land will be the first Kung Fu Panda-themed land, according to Universal. The entirely indoor experience is designed to transport visitors to “legendary Chi na”.It is based on the animated movie series Kung Fu Panda,

bringing to life the brave panda Po with Chinese architecture, festive decoration

and excellent performances. The Hollywood film follows the exploits of Po, who

wants to be a Kung Fu master.

Films: Saturday Fiction set for screening

Saturday Fiction is set for release in China on Dec 7, according to the China

Film Distribution and Exhibition Association. Gong Li plays the role of a film

star with a hidden task in the film. Set in Shanghai in 1941, it follows the star

who is working undercover gathering intelligence for the Allies

(盟军), while starring in a new play. She discovers the Japanese plan to attack Pearl Harbor but

chooses not to share the information. Directed by Lou Ye, the film made its world premiere(首映)at the Venice Film Festival in September.

Tech: 5G smart bus starts trial run

A 5G driver-less microbus started trial operations in Hangzhou, Zhejiang

province, on Tuesday. The bus is equipped with 30 smart sensors to help identify obstacles such as pedestrians and vehicles

from up to 200 meters away. The smart bus communicates through the road cloud collaborative intelligent system.

Theatre: Lin Zexu to be staged, marking 180th anniversary of Opium War

Directed by Wang Xiaodi and written by scriptwriter Guo Qihong, the play Lin

Zexu features actor Pu Cunxin as the protagonist and actress Xu Fan as Guan Shuqing, Lin’s wife. In 1838, the Qing dynasty (1644-1911) official, was sent to Guangzhou, Guangdong province, to stop the illegal importation of opium by the

British. Lin launched the destruction of opium in Humen, a port town, on June 3,

1839. About 1,400 metric tons of opium was destroyed within 23 days. The incident triggered the First Opium War (1839-1842). Marking the 180th anniversary of the

war, the play will be premiered in Beijing next month. It also incorporates dance

to showcase the battle scenes.

56.Which of the following CANNOT reflect Chinese history or traditional culture?

A. The tomb unearthed.

B. The play to be staged.

C. The smart bus on trial.

D. The theme land to be put into operation.

57.What do we know about the film Saturday Fiction?

A. It is about a film star’s private life.

B. It is set in the Second World War.

C. It will make its world premiere on Dec 7.

D. It focuses on Pearl Harbor Attack.

B

Have you ever wondered why certain pop songs just make you feel so good?

Researchers studying the question found that the right combination of uncertainty and surprise is what gives listeners the most pleasure.

The study, published in the journal Current Biology, involved an analysis of 80,000 chords(和

弦)in 745 pop songs from the US Billboard “Hot 100” chart between 1958 and 1991.

The researchers — from institutes in Germany, Norway, Denmark and the UK —

used a machine-learning model to quantify the level of uncertainty and surprise of

these chords, and then asked 39 adult volunteers to rate how pleasurable they

found each series of chords.

Each song was stripped of its melody and lyrics(歌词)so that only chord progressions were left and the results couldn’t be influenced by other associations to the songs that listeners might have had.

They found two things: that participants got greater pleasure when they were relatively certain what would happen next but then were surprised by an unexpected

chord progression. However, the same number of participants found it pleasant when

they were uncertain as to what would follow, and then the subsequent chords were

more familiar to them.

“It is fascinating that humans can get pleasure from a piece of music just by

how sou nds are ordered over time,” Vincent Cheung, the lead researcher on the

paper from the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Germany, said in a statement.

“Songs that we find pleasant are likely those which strike a good balance between knowing what is going to happen next and surprising us with something we

did not expect. Understanding how music activates our pleasure system in the brain

could explain why listening to music might help us feel better when we are feeling

blue.”

Cheung told CNN that pleasure in music has a lot to do with what listeners expect.

Previous

studies had looked into the effects of surprise on pleasure, but he and his

colleagues’ study also

focused on the uncertainty of listeners’ predictions.

The findings may help improve artificial musical algorithms(算法)and could

help composers write music or predict musical trends.

“The idea is that hopefully as a scientist analyzing these patterns of pleasure in humans, you can somehow work out where music can go next,” Peter Harrison, a researcher at Queen Mary University, London, who worked on the project,

told CNN.

As part of the same experiment, the researchers also used brain imaging to

locate the areas of the brain reflected in musical pleasure. They found the

regions involved were the amygdala, the hippocampus and the auditory cortex, which

process emotions, learning and memory, and sound, respectively.

Cheung added that another part of the brain, the nucleus accumbens —which processes reward expectations —was perhaps responsible for “directing our attention towards the music so that we will try to find out what will happen next.”

58.This passage mainly deals with .

A. how composers create pop music trends

B. why popular music makes people happy

C. what kind of music makes people most happy

D. which part of the brain produces happy

music

59.The underlined words in Paragraph 5 have the closest meaning to .

A. reserved

B. restored

C. removed

D. refreshed

60.We can learn from the passage that .

A.pleasure in music is connected with listeners’ expectations

B.findings of this study are of little help to music composing

C.the regions of the brain mentioned process music composing

D.only uncertainty followed by familiarity can bring about pleasure

C

Attacking billionaires is gaining popularity — especially among candidates to

be America’s president. “Every billionaire is a policy failure,” goes a common

left-wing slogan. In Britain’s election, too, the super-rich are under fire.

Jeremy Corbyn, the leader of the Labour Party, says that a fair society would

contain none.

Left-wingers’ criticizing inequality is nothing new. But the idea that huge personal fortunes are made possible only when government goes wrong is a more novel and serious idea. It is also misguided.

The left’s accusation is based on a bit of truth. When competition is fierce and fair, persistently high profits should be difficult to sustain. Yet on both sides of the Atlantic some companies make large profits in concentrated markets, and some billionaires have become successful where competition has failed. For example, Facebook and Google dominate online advertising. About a fifth of America’s billionaires made their money in industries in which government control or market failure is common.

Yet many others operate in competitive markets. The retailers owned by Mike Ashley, one of Mr Corbyn’s targets, are known for low prices and cruel competition. For every Mark Zuckerberg, the boss of Facebook, there are several technology entrepreneurs(创业者)with lots of rivals. Nobody can seriously accuse these innovators of having dominated their markets or of depending on state favors. The same goes for sportsmen such as Michael Jordan or musicians like Jay-Z, billionaires both.

When capitalism functions well, competition reduces profits for some but also produces them for others as entrepreneurs seize more markets. Their success will eventually set off another cycle of disruption(颠覆), but in the meantime fortunes can be made. This process creates vast benefits for society. According to estimates by William Nordhaus, an economist, between 1948 and 2001 innovators captured only 2% of the value they created. Perhaps that is why billionaires are tolerated even by countries with perfect social-democratic system: Sweden and Norway have more billionaires per person than America does.

Taxes should be increased progressively. But that does not justify limitless redistribution or punitive(惩罚性的)tax increase. Ms Warren’s wealth tax has already doubled once during her campaign. Thomas Piketty, an economist behind many of the most-cited inequality statistics, proposes a wealth tax of up to 90% on the richest billionaires. Such expropriation(征收)would surely discourage motivation to innovate and to allocate capital efficiently. An economy with fewer entrepreneurs might have fewer billionaires but would ultimately be less dynamic, leaving everyone worse off.

Whatever Mr Corbyn says, Britain is hardly corrupt by global standards. But it does have a problem with inherited wealth, the source of one-fifth o f billionaires’ fortunes. Higher inheritance taxes would be welcome there and in America, where it is too easy to pass wealth between the generations. Besides, a broader agenda of attacking monopoly(垄断)while maintaining dynamism would help weaken over-protection of intellectual-property and copyright, and promote competition in old and new industries alike.

Doing all this would achieve much more than an unfair attack on the rich —

and without the associated damage. By all means, correct policy failures. But billionaires are usually the wrong target.

61.The examples of Facebook and Google are mentioned in Paragraph 3 to show .

A.the situation is unique to America

B.most billionaires benefit from government’s protection

C.some billionaires do succeed in less competitive situations

D.profits are impossible in fiercely competitive industries

62.What will happen when capitalism works well?

A.Tax on the rich will be increased as a punishment.

B.More wealth will be produced for the whole society.

C.Billionaires will get most of the wealth they have created.

D.Billionaires are not accepted even in social-democratic societies.

63.The writer thinks expropriation like Thomas Piketty’s proposal will .

A. increase taxes progressively

B. allocate capital more efficiently

C. prevent economic development

D. motivate people to strive for success

64.What does the writer mainly tell us in the last but one paragraph?

A.Intellectual property and copyright protection must be weakened.

B.It makes no sense for the government to increase inheritance taxes.

C.It’s possible to promote market competition without fighting monopoly.

D.Practical measures can be taken to deal with the gap between rich and poor.

D

I don’t know what I should talk about — about death or about love? Or are

they the same? Which one should I talk about?

We were newlywed(s新婚者). We still walked around holding hands, even if we were just going

to the store. I would say to him, “I love you.” He would grab my hands, and

whirl me around, and kiss me. People were walking by and smiling.

One night I heard a noise. I looked out the window. He saw me. “Close the

window and go back to sleep. There’s a fire at the reactor(反应堆). I’ll be

back soon.”

I didn’t see the explosion itself. Just the flames. A tall flame. And smoke. The he at

was awful.

And he’s still not back.

Seven o’clock. I was told he was in the hospital. I ran there, but the police

had already encircled it, and they weren’t letting anyone through. Only ambulances.

Many of the doctors and nurses in that hospital would get sick themselves and

die. But we didn’t know that then.①

I couldn’t get into the hospital that evening. There was a sea of people. Someone in the crowd said the injured firemen were being taken to Moscow that

night. All the wives got together in one group. We decided we’d go with them. Let

us go with our husbands! The soldiers —there were already soldiers —they

pushed us back. Then the doctor came out and said, yes, they were flying to Moscow,

but we needed to bring them their clothes. The clothes t hey’d worn at the station

had been burned. We ran across the city, and came running back with their bags of

clothes. But the plane was already gone. They tricked us. ②

I decided that I have to get to Moscow. By myself.

For those days I was allowed to stay in the hospital dormitory. ③

“But there’s no kitchen. How can I cook for him?”

“You don’t need to cook anymore. They can’t digest the food.”

He started to change —every day I met a “brand-new” person. The burns

started to come to the surface. In his mouth, on his tongue, his cheeks —at

first there were little damages, and then they grew. It came off in layers — as

white film(薄膜)… the color of his face… his body… blue… red… grey-brown.

And some of his internal organs began to dissolve … It’s imposs ible to describe!

It’s impossible to write down! And even to get over. The only thing that saved me

was, it happened so fast; there wasn’t any time to think, or to cry.

It was a hospital for people with serious radiation poisoning. Fourteen days.

In fourteen days a person dies. ④

I was still able to make him some soup. It was all useless; he couldn’t even

drink anything. He couldn’t even swallow a raw egg. But I wanted to get something

tasty! As if it mattered.

It was the ninth of May. He always us ed to say to me: “You have no idea how

beautiful Moscow is! Especially on V-Day, when they set off the fireworks. I want

you to see it.”

I’m sitting with him in the room. He opens his eyes. “Is

it day or night?” “It’s nine at night.”

“Open the window! They’re going to set off the fireworks!”

I opened the window. We’re on the eighth floor, and the whole city’s there

before us! There was a bouquet of fire exploding in the air.

“Look at that!” I said.

“I told you I’d show you Moscow. And I told you I’d always give you flowers on holidays ...”

I look over, and he’s getting three carnations from under his pillow. He gave

the nurse money, and she bought them.

I had no idea then how much I loved him! Him ... just him.

And then — the last thing. I remember it in flashes, all broken up.

I came back from outside and called the nurse’s post right away. “How is

he?”“He died fifteen minutes ago.” What? I was there all night. I was gone for

half an hour! Then I came to: I’ll see him one more time! Once more! I run down

the stairs. He was still in his bio-chamber; they hadn’t taken him away yet. His

last words were “Lyusya! Lyusenka!” “She’s just stepped away for a bit;

she’ll be right back,” the nurse told him. He sighed and went quiet. I didn’t

leave him anymore after that. I accompanied him all the way to the grave site. Although the thing I remember isn’t the grave; it’s the huge plastic bag. That

bag used for the prevention of radiation leakage.

65.Which is the best title of the passage?

A. Alternative love

B. Forever-lost love

C. Brand-new love

D. Unaffordable love

66.The wives were not allowed to accompany their husbands probably because .

A.they failed to bring clean clothes for their men

B.they would stop the treatment going on smoothly

C.the plane couldn’t accommodate so many people

D.their husbands were suffering radiation poisoning

67.According to the underlined sentence, how does the woman feel about her husband?

A. Bored.

B. Impressed.

C. Heartbroken.

D. Relieved.

68.The sentence “Nobody mentioned radiation.” should be put back to .

A. ①

B.②

C. ③

D. ④

69.The passage is developed mainly by .

A. giving examples

B. telling a story

C. making comparisons

D. explaining an argument

70. The following sentences can show the deep love between the couple

EXCEPT .

A. We ran across the city, and came running back with their bags of clothes (Paragraph

7)

B.But I wanted to get something tasty! As if it mattered (Paragraph 14)

C.I look over, and he’s getting three carnations from under his pillow (Paragraph 22)

D.Although the thing I remember isn’t the grave; i t’s the huge plastic bag (Paragraph

25)

第四部分任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分)

请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

注意:每个空格只填 1 个单词。

Britain Supports E-Cigarettes, US Considers Ban

The United States and Britain have very different views on e-

cigarettes.

American public health officials are warning of the dangers of vaping(吸电子

烟)among young people. But, British officials consider electronic cigarettes to

be a powerful tool for people trying to quit smoking.

Britain’s Royal College of Physicians tells doctors to promote e-cigarettes

“as widely as possible” for patients trying to give up cigarettes. And Public

Health England says vaping is much less dangerous than smoking.

In the United States, hundreds of people who vape have been sickened by a mysterious lung illness. Many of them are teenagers.

In answer, the federal government and some states have recently taken steps

to ban the flavored e-cigarettes that appeal to young people.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) now recommends that

people consider not using e-cigarettes.

Dr. John Britton is director of the U.K. Center for Tobacco and Alcohol

Studies at the University of Nottingham. He said the U.S. reaction is “complete madness.” Dr. Britton added, “The reality with smoking is, if you tell people to

stop vaping, they will go back to tobacco and tobacco kills.”

Around the world, countries have different views on vaping. More than 30

nations ban e-cigarettes completely. Many European countries, including Austria, Belgium, Germany and Italy, consider e-cigarettes the same as tobacco products and

control the sales of them.

However, France, just like Britain, hardly sets limits on the sales of e-cigarettes. In those countries, e-cigarettes are sold as usual consumer products.

E-cigarettes arrived in the United States in 2007 and have been mostly unregulated. Three years ago, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) got the

power to oversee their use. Black market, illegal sales of e-cigarettes have grown quickly.

The FDA’s acting com missioner, Dr. Ned Sharpless, recently testified(作证)before Congress.

Several lawmakers suggested complete removal of e-cigarettes from the market.

“We do not consider these products safe, we think they have harm,” Dr. Sharpless said. “We do not think really anyone should be using them other than

people using them in place of smoking regular tobacco cigarettes. ”

How do e-cigarettes work? The vaping devices usually heat a solution(溶液)containing nicotine into a vapor, which is inhaled. The amount of nicotine differs widely. Some countries restrict the amount. There is no limit in the United States.

But the widespread use of vaping devices among young people brought warnings from

health officials. They said nicotine harms a teenager’s still-developing brain.

“What’s right for England might not be right for the U.S.,” said Ryan Kennedy. He is with the Institute for Global Tobacco Control at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

The CDC said that the mysterious lung illness appears to be in connection

with THC vaping products. THC is a chemical compound that gives marijuana its high.

The agency said many of the 800 people who got sick reported vaping THC. It

said it still needed more information to know whether a single product, substance

or brand is responsible. Some researchers have blamed an ingredient used in vaping

oils, especially in black market products.

江苏省姜堰中学、淮阴中学2020 届高三12月阶段性测试 英语试卷及参考答案

81. 请阅读下面图片和文字,并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。

Today with the development of technology, people own all

kinds of mobiles phones. Wherever you go, it’s not uncommon

江苏省姜堰中学、淮阴中学2020 届高三12月阶段性测试 英语试卷及参考答案

to see people obsessed with mobile phones, taking photos,

watching videos online, or getting caught up in checking or

updating their WeChat Moments. Our life seems to have been

taken over by mobile phones and we live in a virtual world

created by mobile phones, where we no longer have intimate

( 亲 密 的 )conversations that bring belly laughs.

Well aware that the overuse of phones will hurt relationships, many people have had enough of this non-interaction, especially when getting together or over meals,

and changes are being made at houses. Many Chinese families set a strict “no phones at the dinner table” pol icy, which hopefully will stop their kids from becoming addicted to mobile phones and prevent more digital invasion of our personal space.

【写作内容】

1.用约 30 个词概述上述图片和文字的内容;

2.用约 120 个词就“餐桌上禁用手机”这一话题,谈谈你的看法,内容包括:

(1)简要阐述这种做法的必要性;

(2)结合实际,就如何避免沉迷于手机提出几点建议(不少于两点)。

2020 届高三阶段性测试英语参考答案

听力部分 1-20 BABAC BCCBA BCAAC BACCA

单项选择 21-35 CDCAD DBDCB AABDB

完形填空 35-55 BCCAB DCDAC BABDD AABCD

阅读理解 56-70 CB BCA CBCD BDCABD

任务型阅读 71. attitudes 72. under 73. avoid/stop 74. risk 75. check

76. few/fewer 77. linked/related 78. return 79. completely 80.

contained

书面表达

Nowadays mobile phones are affecting interpersonal communication so much that people tend to be glued to mobile phones over meals, ignoring the nice food being served. Luckily, many Chinese families ban mobile phones at the dinner table.

I sing high praise for the practice. With the fast development of technology, digital devices have taken up people’s little spare time that should have been spent on face-to-face communication with family members. In this case, the practice serves as a timely reminder that people should reflect on their daily behavior concerning phone use and reverse the trend, helping restore dining traditions.

It’s high time that we took effective measures to get rid of our addiction to mobile phones. Firstly, we can limit our use of them purposely, leaving room for real-life communication. Secondly, we can take part in various activities to improve our interpersonal relationships and reach out for our phones only when necessary. Only in this way can we prevent too much digital invasion of our lives.

Text 1

W: We have no real coffee. Will instant

coffee be OK? M: It’s not my favorite

drink. Do you have tea?

W: We have hot chocolate. Oh, wait a minute. I’ve found the proper cof fee.

Text 2

M: I’m going to visit the bank. Do you need cash?

W: No, but can you drop off this box at the post office and pick

up something to eat? M: I’ll get rid of the mail and pick up

lunch on my way back.

Text 3

M: What are you doing? You can’t park t here. That is for disabled people.

W: Oh, I didn’t even see that. All right, all right, I’ll go find somewhere else to park.

Text 4

W: My favorite animal is the dolphin. They make such funny sounds, and they are very smart.

M: Dolphins are cool, but sharks are way better. They are so fast in the water and they can

grow to be some of the biggest fish in the world.

Text 5

M: Hi, I’ve just checked in. Is food still being served?

W: I’m sorry sir, the restaurant is just closing. It is open from 6:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m. However, room service is available until 11:00 p.m., so you have an hour to order.

Text 6

W: Good morning. I’m afraid we don’t have your favorite today. Our

supplier didn’t deliver any. M: What other types do you recommend?

W: Well, the lady sitting over there used to order the same Brazilian coffee you have. Then

one day she tried Italian and she’s been having it every day since.

M: Hmm, I’ll try that then, but I don’t think I’ll be changing permanently. It’s my weekly

treat after a tough morning at the office.

W: It’s good to try different things. I went to a French restaurant once and tried snails. I

didn’t think I’d like them but they were great.

Text 7

M: What was the last thing you bought?

W: Let me think — was it a Superman toy for my dog? No, it was

an ice cream maker. M: Do you ever save money?

W: No. I’m always overdrawn at the bank.

M: Your mom and I have always taught you to manage your money wisely. Has none

of that sunk in? W: Live for today. That’s what I say. Who knows what will

happen tomorrow?

M: We know — simply because we have lived longer. You should save up and use money wisely

instead of wasting too much on clothes and things you don’t need.

W: Maybe you’re right…but the shopkeepers can be so persuasive.

M: Of course, it’s their job. It is your responsibility to look after your own interests.

Text 8

W: I really miss my mother’s

roasted chicken. M: Why don’t we go

visit her?

W: I wish we could. It’s been five years since we went to Mexico City for Christmas.

M: Well, I have a surprise. I bought plane tickets for October 28th.

We’ll be there for a week. W: Really?

M: Yes, dear.

W: I can’t believe it! We’ll be there for the Day of the Dead on November 2nd, too! That’s

a very important holiday for my family, you know. We visit the tombs of my grandparents and

then have a family dinner in honor of our ancestors. M: I remember. You’ve told me about it

many times.

W: But you haven’t experienced it yet. I’m so happy that you’ll be there, too. Oh, Paul, thank you! M: Well, pack your bags. We’re flying to Mexico City from Madrid on the 28th, but we leave

New York on the 22nd. W: Wonderful! We can visit our college friends there.

M: Exactly.

Text 9

W: Where is the best place to learn how to swim? I am afraid of the ocean, and there are no

lakes around for me to practice in.

M: Why don’t you just come over to my house? I swim in my backyard all the time.

W: That sounds great! Which day do you want me to come over? I am busy with a family party this weekend, but I am free on Sunday afternoon. I also have Wednesday and Thursday free.

M: I have football team practice on Wednesday and a game the next day. I don’t know about Sunday though. Isn’t it supposed to be a thunderstorm then?

W: I think I heard about that bad weather coming this way. Maybe we should plan to go swimming sometime next week instead. If it is going to rain on Sunday, would you want to come to my house and watch a movie instead? My parents have a large collection of films.

M: That sounds fun. Do they have anything funny or action-filled to watch?

W: They have a lot of history movies, but there are ones to make you laugh too. I’m sure we will find something that we both can enjoy.

M: OK, well, I will send you a message later this week about it.

Text 10

M: Frank Whittle was a British Royal Air Force air officer who invented the jet engine. He was born in a humble house in Coventry, England, on June 1st, 1907. His father was a clever engineer who passed on his skills to his son. Whittle became adventurous, developing an early interest in planes. He joined the Air Force and was taught about aircraft engines, gaining experience in the engineering workshops. He was excellent in his studies and became a pilot. During study time, he had the ideas that led to the creation of the jet engine, and he was given the legal right of ownership of his design in 1930. His studies earned him a place on a further course at Cambridge University, where he graduated with a first class degree. His first engine was tested in 1937. Official interest grew but it was many years before it came into use. Whittle’s invention was of great importance. It increased the speed of planes dramatically and jet engines are now used by nearly every airline in the world. Whittle held many important jobs and became a hero in his country. He later married an American woman and moved to the United States, where he became a professor. He died at his home in Maryland on August 9th, 1996.

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