特殊句式练习题

特殊句式(强调句型、省略、反意疑问句及其他)

强调

强调句的基本句型是“It is/was+被强调的部分+that/who+其他部分”。被强调的部分可以是主语、宾语和状语等。强调句型的使用特点主要有以下几个方面:

(1)被强调的是状语或状语从句时,要用that引导从句,而不能用which,而且通常不能省略。It was in the park that I met him.

我是在公园里遇到他的。

It was in 1964 that the first telephone satellite was set up by the Group of 17 Countries.

17国集团发射第一颗电话卫星是在1964年。

(2)被强调的是人时,引导词可用who,也可用that。

Was it you that/who let out the secret to her?

是你把这个秘密泄露给她的吗?

注意:当被强调的是主语时,代词要用主格形式。

It was I who put forward the theory first.

是我最先提出这个理论的。

(3)被强调的不管是单数还是复数名词,主句的be动词都用单数is或was。

It was Madame Curie and her husband who discovered radium.

是居里夫人和她的丈夫发现了镭。

It is the PLA men who/that are safeguarding our country day and night.是解放军战士日夜保卫着我们的祖国。

(4)对not...until时间状语从句进行强调时,其句型是:

It is/was not until...that从句,即not和until在强调句中总是紧挨着的。注意习惯上不用not till,而且从句不能用when引导。

It was not until the last operation was finished that Bethune left the battle hospital.

直到做完最后一个手术白求恩才离开战地医院。

(5)强调句的疑问形式:

When was it that he made up his mind to take this course?

他什么时候决定选修这一课程的?

Why is it that he doesn’t like the book?

他为什么不喜欢这本书?

Was it in 1939 that the Second World War broke out?

第二次世界大战是在1939年爆发的吗?

Who was it that broke the window?打破窗户的是谁?

When was it that you called me yesterday?

你昨天给我打电话是什么时候?

What is it that you want me to do?你要我干什么?

(6)强调句型与It is/was+时间+when从句:

在上述句型中it指时间,when引导的是时间状语从句。

注意两种句型“时间”表达方式的不同。

It was at midnight that I got back home yesterday.

昨天晚上我半夜才回到家。

It was midnight when I got here yesterday.

昨天当我到达这儿时,已是半夜了。

省略

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