大学高级英语第一册第15课译文及课后答案

海上无路标
V.萨克维尔.韦斯特

在餐厅里,我同另外三个男人围坐在一张桌子旁,而劳拉同一对夫妇及他们的女儿一块儿坐在离我不远的地方。我可以观察她而不让她发觉,这使我觉得开心,因为我可以像看电影一样地欣赏她优雅的动作,不论是举杯送到唇边,还是扭头与邻座交谈,抑或是用她那纤细的手指从烟盒中夹取香烟的动作。我向来不太会欣赏也不大注意女人的衣着,但我却有这样的印象:劳拉白天总穿着灰色和白色的衣服,因而当别人被热带的高温烘烤得红光满面时,她看上去却给人一种清爽的感觉。到了晚间,她又总是穿着深红、橄榄绿、深蓝等色调柔和富丽、质料柔软光滑的衣服。当我不揣冒昧地将这话对她讲时,她对我这种笨拙的恭维报以开心的大笑,还说我最好不再写什么政坛人物的述评文章而改行专写时装评论算了。

※ 那个名叫达里波的高个子上校看样子是个好相处的人。他和我同劳拉及一个竟被人称呼为麦尔维尔夫人的中国妇女凑成一桌桥牌,四人搭档。这样,晚饭后,当其他的人在甲板上跳舞时,我们便用打牌来消遣个把小时。上校不是个令人讨厌的帝国的卫道士,他经常找我谈论一些国家大事。他说他以前常读我写的文章;他说话温文尔雅,彬彬有礼,一开口总是先来上一句“当然,我没有资格建议您……”接下来他就会明确地谈他该如何处置关于某项国内或外交事务的意见。他决不算愚笨,也绝谈不上孤陋寡闻,只是可能有一点偏执,政治思想上极端右倾保守,但我对他颇有好感,因而尽量不提出一些只会使他露出困惑的神色的见解,以免使他难堪。况且,我也不想陷入讨论的旋涡。我有趣地发觉,自己过去除偶尔借诗歌或音乐消遣放松一下外,一心专注的世界大事现在不仅是索然无味,而且简直是令人厌烦了。这无疑是自己受某种本能的驱使,要贪婪地用一些过去无暇享受的赏心乐事来填补自己生命中的最后几周,释放那些在过去虽受到压抑但一直潜伏在自己心中的欲望。也许是劳拉的无意的影响唤起了我心中的欲望。

※ 过去,我像法利赛人一样自以为是,轻视别人。只要别人的生活不像我这么讲求实际,我就把他们看作月球居民。对于人们因“大自然的美”遭到破坏而提出的抗议我嗤之以鼻,因为我相信文明的进步的合理性。对于为了利用水力使内地某个工业城市受益而在某个湖泊上筑起拦湖大坝这种事情我根本不觉得遗憾。对一切事物我都是这种态度。我信仰绝对的实用主义,并将其看作是人类进步的自

然法则。任何人若标榜自己的行为出于无私的动机,那不仅会引起我的怀疑,而且会引起我的轻蔑。

可是看看现在的我吧,竟然像一个老处女正用水彩画着西下的残阳,十分地多愁善感!我曾自诩为老成持重,现在却意识到自己原来这么幼稚无知。就像那个改弦易辙的克洛维一样,我竟然对自己过去所鄙视的一切开始热爱起来,并且还要遭受少年初恋的痛苦。我想在离开人世之前尽情享受一切美好的东西。我不知道也不想知道自己身处何方。茫茫大海无路标。

※ 今夜的一弯新月仰面斜躺在天空,这是月亮在热带地区常见的姿势。在我看来,这种姿势对一个少女来说虽说有些不雅,但却还是适宜的。没有哪一颗星星不愿飞射下来接受邀请做她的情人。当船上的其他乘客最后一个个都回舱就寝之后,我一个人又悄悄爬上空荡荡的甲板,滑人游泳池,在水面上浮游着。这时我已不再是人们所熟悉的那位在远洋海轮上度假的中年记者了,而是一个无拘无束的沐浴着天池神水的自由快乐的人,就像神话中那位有天神作父亲并有一双奥林匹斯山诸神所赐的观察人世的慧眼的年轻健壮的恩底弥翁。我只觉身体四肢轻飘飘的没有任何重量,并且和夜的世界合为一体。我悟出了泛神论的真正意义。我的那些朋友们若知道我已变成这样,他们不知会笑成什么样子!在享受着这暖风浴肤,凉水托体所带来的清新快感时,我相信我的心灵也得到了净化,丢弃了凡人皆有的种种弱点,变得不会嫉妒,没有野心,没有恶意,与世无争。照我想象,那些虔诚的教徒在做完庄严的忏悔仪式离开忏悔室时,他们心灵得到净化的感觉一定就像我此时的感觉一样。

※ 有时,劳拉和我一起倚在船尾栏杆上,这对我是一种幸福。倘是在白天,我们凭栏远眺大海,只见海面上时而翻卷起白色的浪花,时而平静得宛若一幅微微飘动起伏着的蓝色缎面,完全见不到翻起的浪花,只有我们的轮船驶过之处才泛起一道道如大理石般的波纹。若是在夜晚,我们翘首望天,这儿的夜空比故乡的更黑,星光却显得更加璀璨。此时此景令我不由想起一个粗通文墨的士兵在日记中写的这样一句话:“星星看起来就像一个黑锅盖上挖的许多小窟窿,透过这些小窟窿可以看见锅盖外面的亮光。”有时候那些没念过书的人信笔涂鸦写的东西倒也有那么两下子。

据无线电广播,今天全英格兰弥漫着大雾。

※ 有时,我们的轮船沿着海岸线航行。时而是突拔而起的石灰岩峭壁,时而是地势低洼连绵数英里的茫茫沙滩,渺无人迹,凄惨荒凉。这种海岸景象使我联想到这样一些人,他们

或者是令人望而生畏,难以接近,或者是无秘可隐,让人一眼就可看穿。看见这些海岸,你会产生这样的感觉:不论你向内陆腹地深人多远,那里的土地都将和岸边一样平淡无奇。我最喜爱的是岸边的那些悬崖峭壁及其背后的那高耸云端、神秘莫测的峰峦叠嶂,那山峰只有最英勇无畏的人才能够攀登上去。在崇山峻岭之间人迹未至的石隙和幽谷中生长着的是一些什么样的高原植物呢?我也这样地让自己的想象力尽情地探索劳拉性格深处的秘密。她的性情表面上严肃冷峻,但她内心里却蕴育着丰富温柔的情感,宛如娇嫩的花朵,等待着勇士去发现。

同船的其他乘客们显然不能以我这样的眼光去欣赏海岸上的景色。

“这海岸景象真是荒凉,”一位澳大利亚人说。“它让人渴望见到一点绿色。”

※ 夜幕降临,四野茫茫,唯见一处荒凉的岬角的一座灯塔上的航标灯忽明忽暗地闪烁着。

※ 日落时分,我们的轮船正好绕过这样一个海角,它位于一块大陆的最东端,是一座孤峰高耸的紫色大山,山顶上笼罩着大片紫色的云雾。海水也相应地变成了淡紫色。山顶上,黄色的航标灯不停地旋转着,向过往船只发出警示信号。我心中好奇,在这也许称得上世界上最荒僻最危险的地方,究竟是什么样的人在那里看守着灯塔呢?那一带还是鬼魂出没的地方,因为在过去没有指航灯指航的岁月里,那儿的礁石上堆满了遇难船只的残骸。

上校来到了我们身边。

“你觉得那人的职业怎样?’’他问道。

“大概经常有人来换班吧?’’

“恰恰相反,他一直不肯离开那儿。他是个意大利人,在那儿守了好多好多年了,与他作伴的只有一个当地妇女。一般人大概都会觉得他这人古怪,但我一想到世上居然还剩着这样几个怪人,就感到挺惬意。”

这种}义论有点出人意料,也正是这一点使我对上校产生了好感,他这人还颇有一点朴素的诗人气质呢。我也喜欢他经常主动讲给我们听的一些奇闻怪事。他走南闯北,见多识广。我还发现他有关海鸟的知识也很丰富,他教我识别不同种类的海鸥,还很有礼貌地告诉我那只鸟不可能是信天翁,这片海域不会有信天翁。信天翁似乎只跟随轮船飞到一定的纬度就折回,它知道自己应该走多远,到了极限距离就决不向前多走一步。信天翁有多么明智啊!我们都应该向信天翁学习,认明自己行动所应达到的极限。我追劳拉也只能追到此为止了,决不能再跨前一步。我想,这方面的知识上校的头脑里一定也装着不少,尽管他的头脑在其他方面并不令人感到有趣。劳拉也喜欢他,尽管我想独占劳拉

,但当他漫步走过来成为第三者时,我并没有对他产生反感。

※ 在这一片无比宁静的大海上,我们就连一艘其他的船只也难得见到。欢乐的海豚和那些吱吱叫的小飞鱼是这片广阔天地的主人。当它们再也看不到那载着我们驶入它们的视线又很快消失的怪物时,“这些与鸟儿有点相似的小飞鱼”肯定高兴得很。船过水合,毫无痕迹,似乎我们从未经过那儿似的。但是,偶尔也会有一座岛屿出现在远处地平线上,我们不知其名,令人充满着神秘之感,它是海底山脉之顶峰,显得孤独、无暇、遥远。人们喜爱岛屿,是不是因为在难以驾驭的广袤的世界之中有这么些易于治理的小块领地,就不知不觉地要占为己有呢?想到那座岛屿一直屹立在那里(除非它确实只不过是耐心的珊瑚虫的作品),而且仍将继续屹立在原地不动,假若我们能返回原地,将会发现它还在那里等待着我们。当我想到这些时,我有一种奇特的感觉,为什么会这样,我也说不清。当我看到一幅照片,比如说中国内地某河谷的照片并发现一块大漂石时,我也会产生这样的感觉。我想,如果能把我送到那块大漂石的所在地,我就能实实在在地触摸一下那块大漂石……那块漂石屹立在原地,等待着我,我可以坐在那块漂石上。我不善于表达自己的感受,我所要说明的这种感觉我也不敢指望除劳拉外的任何人能理解。但人的心灵深处本来就充满着这样一些不可言传的隐秘古怪的念头。

哇,那些海岛!为了消愁解闷,我开始想象岛上生活的情景。令我觉得有趣的是,我发现我的想象总是竭力靠近田园诗般的生活。这完完全全是另一个爱德蒙?卡尔。假如我们看见一叶扁舟靠向海岛的岸边,我的想象便随着那扁舟上的渔夫而去,看着他把船推上小海湾的沙滩,接着发出一声海鸟的叫唤,向家中人通报他的归来,他的女人马上出门迎接他。他们都很年轻,皮肤是金褐色的。她从他手中接过捕捞的鱼,他们那间茅草编成的棚屋里充满着健康和爱。

有一天夜里,我们驶过了两座海岛,在海水反射的昏黄的月色映照下,海岛呈现出陡峭的驼峰形轮廓,两个海岛的峰顶上都闪烁着一种稳定的黄色的微光。

“不是灯塔,”我对劳拉说。“是村落。”

我们注目凝视着,轮船这时已渐渐从岛边滑过,海岛的驼峰形轮廓也渐渐消失在一片黑暗中,连岛上的闪光都给一个山肩挡住,从我们的视线中永远地消失了。多么宁静、隐秘而又深沉。

船上的一名下了班的高级船员走过来加入了我们的谈话。

“没错,”他顺着我们的目光望去,一边说,“其中的一个村落是麻风病患者聚

居点,另一个是犯人劳改营。”

天哪,难道就没有办法摆脱苦难和罪恶吗?

※ 劳拉和我还有一种白娱的方法,就是等着观看太阳从地平线上消失的那一瞬间产生的一道绿色的闪光。这种绿色的闪光不是每天都能看到的,只有当天空没有一丝云彩时才能看到,而云彩却又特别喜欢沿着日落的轨道聚集。每当我们的这一游戏成功(即看到绿光)时,我们就会像孩子般的兴高采烈,劳拉还会不住的拍手。那道绿色光芒一闪即逝。我们等着看这道绿光时,太阳宛如被刀子切去一半的红球,随即坠落到每日的归宿之处。接着便见大海和天空上出现一片茫茫的暮色(有人说,在这种纬度的地区的海面上,夜幕总是突如其来地降临,我们发现这种说法是错误的),深红色的海面渐渐变成了一块块蓝绿色的草坪,天空则变成了一块柔和的浅红色和蓝色的调色板。但最使我们喜悦的还是那道绿色的闪光。

“薄荷酒色,”劳拉说。

“裴翠色,”我说。

“鲜绿色,”劳拉说,“裴翠色太暗了。”

“墨绿色,”我不想输给她,又说了一句。

“爱德蒙,你一咬文嚼字起来总是那么忘乎所以。干脆就说绿得发青叫人嫉妒好了,别再争下去了。”

“我可从来不知道什么是嫉妒。”

※ 看到太阳落下去了,我感到惋惜,因为我发觉温暖的阳光照到皮肤上是令人舒心惬意的。在家乡伦敦时,我从来不去注意天气情况,除非是雨和雾确实给我带来了不便。我又从未想过去南方作一次短暂的旅行,因此也不大理解别人谈论或描写阳光洒满白墙的情景。而现在南纬地带懒洋洋的气氛深深地吸引着我。我喜欢看那些晒得黑黝黝的男人无所事事地闲坐着的样子,我喜欢听人们打赤脚踩踏在尘土中所发出的像猫儿一样轻的脚步声,我喜欢绕过一个屋角时从房屋的阴影中一步跨人在烈日照射下赤热耀眼的空旷场地时的感觉。我刚把手搭到金属栏杆上立刻便缩了回来,烫得要命。但我很少上岸。

※ 若非有了这一回的亲身经历,我永远也不会相信日复一日地航行于大海上竟会是这样的其乐无穷。我们的船停靠的港口很少,真正停靠港口时,我也只感到厌烦。我宁愿这种洒脱的海上生活永无休止地持续下去。船上的图书室里放着一架巨大的地球仪,照我看来,它的作用就是展示海洋与动荡不安的世界上的陆地之间的比例,仅一个太平洋就比所有的大陆加在一起还要大。蓝色,和平的颜色。而且我也喜欢船上的一切轻微的声响:那如同草地上奔驰的骑手耳中听到的鞍皮发出的吱嘎声,绳索的拍打声以及浪花飞溅的嘶嘶声。两天

的暴风雨使我欣喜万分,但我首先喜欢的还是这漫长的无所事事的日子,在这些日子里,我抛弃了旧我,脱胎换骨,获得了新生。


课后练习题答案

I .
1)He can appreciate the grace of her gestures and the beauty of her clothes ,for the good taste of which he praises her.
2)Yes, he appreciates natural beauty, but he was not always like that.
3)The moon and the cool water of the swimming pool provided him with relaxation, and a feeling of serenity of mind and sublimation of emotion.
4)He likes the stern cliffs best, with ranges of mountains soaring behind them, because they are full of possibilities and only the most daring can climb on to the top.
5)An Italian is in charge of the lighthouse. He loves his job so much that he will not quit it for anything.
6)He imagines that one may live an idyllic life there.
7)Because suffering and sin can be found everywhere human beings live,including those two islands,one being a leper colony,the other a penal settlement.
8)The green flash means the green light seen in the sky the moment the sun sets under the horizon.and only in certain cases does it appear.

Ⅱ.
1)The Colonel,an Empire builder who is not too disgustingly aggressive,sometimes tries to talk to me about public affairs.
2)Or maybe my suppressed inclination has been brought out under Laura's unintentional influence.
3)1 was as puritanical as a Pharisee and I viewed with contempt a11 those who lived a less practical life than my own and regarded them as inhabitants on the moon.
4)Just imagine how I have changed now.Here I stand。sentimental and sensitive,like an o ld unmarried woman painting a water—colour picture of sunsets.
5)Before I die,1 want to enjoy beauty to my heart's content.
6)I imagine devoted religious people must be experiencing a thorough catharsis as I do now when they leave the solemn confessional after gaining pardon of their sins.
7)There is a trace of simple poetic quality in his character.
8)1 also like the unusual information he conveys to me from time to time without speaking emphatically.
9)There is quite a lot of knowledge stored away in the Colonel’s mind,which is not interesting except for that.
10)This is quite another Edmund Carr,who has changed so much!

Ⅲ.See the translation of the text.

Ⅳ.
1)(拉)特别,持定 2)(德)闪电战 3)(丹)祝你健康、干杯 4) (法)代办 5)(意)协奏曲 6)(法)政变 7)(法)布置,舞台美术 8)(法)缓和 9)(法)冷菜,冷盘 10)(意)间奏曲 11)(日)和服 12)(汉)叩头 13)(俄)富农 14)(西)强壮男子 15)(瑞)餐前冷菜 6)(拉)现状 17)(西)节日 18)(印地)(印

度的)王公 19)(阿拉伯)(穆斯林国家的)酋长 20)(希)我想出了,我找到了

V.
1)fill(V.):He filled the position capably.
fill(n.):Let her cry her fill.
2)ripple(n.):The moon danced on the ripples of the lake.
ripple(V.):A laughter rippled through the hall.
3)marble(n.):He stopped to admire a statue in marble.
marble(v.):All the book edges were marbled.
4)pile(n.):The actress’fan mail forms a huge pile.
pile(V.):He finished a whole dish piled high and thick with meat.
5)touch(V. ):Her words touched him to the quick.
touch(n.):I have a mild touch of flu.
6)range(n.):Da Vinci had a wide range of interests.
range(V.):The size of computers range from that of a button to that of a room.
7)beach(n.):He was drowned while swimming at the beach.
beach(v.):They found a small boat beached on the shore.
8)catch(v.):1 was nearly caught in the shower.
catch(n.):Nothing could give the angler a greater delight than a good catch.
9)hump(n.):He was born with a hump on his back.
hump(v.):When the cat saw the mouse,it humped its back for a jump.
10)obscure( adj.):The meaning of that sentence is obscure to me.
obscure(v.):Later successes obscured his earlier failures.

Ⅵ.
 grey,white,rich colours,dark red,olive green,midnight blue, blacker, more golden, bleached, yellow, golden brown,green,red,a tender palette of pink and blue,blue, purple, emerald

Ⅶ.
1)pass our time pleasantly 2)beginning 3)level of existence 4) grown up 5) dry and barren 6) inner places (parts) … stern/forbidding 7)lonely 8)tells/reveals 9)except 10)moved backward … hidden ll)intense bluishgreen 12)joy/happiness

Ⅷ.
1) cram 2) disperse 3) crept 4) scribbled/jotted down 5)soared/rocketed 6)Work is piling up 7)lounging 8)receded 9)snatched 10)slapped him

lX. metaphor :
1)a new Clovis, loving what I have despised …
2)an Endymion young and strong
3)the sea … with no ripples at all but only the lazy satin of blue
4)the red ball (the sun)
simile :
1)it is as in a moving picture that I can note the grace of her gestures
2)dismissive as Pharisee
3)as sentimental and sensitive as any old maid doing water colours of sunsets
4)my imagination …so austere in the foreground but nurturing what treasures of tenderness, like delicate flowers, for the discovery of the venturesome
5)…gives a cry like a sea-bird
6)… we are as pleased a children wh

en our game succeeds
7)I like the footfall of naked feet in the dust, silent as a cat passing.
8)the faint creaking, as of the saddle-leather to a horseman riding across turf
alliteration :
1)on a less practical plane
2)And now see how I stand, as sentimental and sensitive as any old maid
3)clear of cloud
4)I would never have believed in the simple bliss of being
5)the hiss of sudden spray

X.
 1)metonymy 2)metonymy 3)euphemism 4)personification 5) transferred epithet 6)hyperbole 7)transferred epithet and9 ) onomatopoeia 10) trans

XI.
 1)imperial 2)simple 3)high 4)jealous 5)ignorant 6) clear 7) exaggerated 8) beaten 9) obvious 10) confident 11 ) disappointed 12)inadequate 13)close 14)interested 15)beautiful 16)conscious

Ⅻ.
 1)He has a good eye for water-colours.
2)The daughter ventured to object to her parents's arrangement of her marriage.
3)Pressed by poverty, he took to stealing.
4)My long journey was beguiled with novels.
5)I suppose you have read Mark Twain.
6)He concentrated all his attention on this problem to the exclusion of all others.
7)Failure to make the right decision at once will make the whole thing very difficult if not impossible.
8)Our problems are piling up. We must solve them as quickly as we can.
9)The sentries are relieved every four hours.
10)There was a touch of irony in his remark.
ll)Memories of childhood are gradually receding.

XIII. Omitted

XIV.
A Visit to Yellow Mountain
I was here at last! Standing at the foot of Yellow Mountain, I tried to convince myself that I was where I was. It was a hot day, and the sky was clear of clouds. We were sweating even before we began to climb the mountain early in the morning. The steps were so numerous that they looked like a ribbon winding its way to the sky. All along the way, birds were chirping among the trees and bushes, where leaves were stirring with every movement of the pure mountain air. Now and then a mountain stream ran down, leaping from rock to rock and filling the valley with laughing murmurs. When I looked up occasionally, the mountain tops could be seen clearly against the vast blue sky. I went on cheerfully, leaving my companions behind most of the time.
When we came to the Guest-Greeting Pine, all of us were very excited. She stood at the edge of an overhanging rock, stretching out her hands to us. How friendly she and the Yellow Mountain were !

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