Section One Tactics for listening
Part 1 Phonetics
Exercise: Complete the following short dialogue as you listen to the tape. Pay special attention to the weak forms, link-ups and contractions. Professor Archer is having lunch with the Director at the Restaurant Avenida.
Director: What (I) would you like, Professor?
Archer: What (2) do you suggest?
Director: Perhaps caldeirada?
Archer: (3) What's that?
Director: Fish soup.
Archer: That sounds nice.
Director: And you (4) must have some feijoada.
Archer: What's that?
Director: (5) It’s a local speciality --- pork (6) with black beans. Archer: Yes, I'd like (7) some of that.
Director: Is there anything you (8) can't eat?
Archer: I don't like chili.
Director: (9) That's all right -- there's no chili in feijoada. Do you (10) mind if I smoke?
Archer: Not at all. Would you excuse me (I 1) for a moment? (To
waiter) Excuse me, can you tell me where the toilets are?
Waiter: (12) Over there, sir.
Part 2 Listening and Note-Taking
Eric: Excuse me. What time's the first train to London'!
Clerk: Eight thirty,
Eric: I see. And are there any other trains? I want to arrive before lunch. Clerk: Well, now ... there's one at nine fourteen, …. nine twenty,.. nine forty-two ....
Eric: Oh, just a minute. You're saying them very quickly ... Er, yes ... and after nine forty-two?
Clerk: After nine forty two, there's ... there's one at ten fifteen ... and eleven twenty. ....
Eric: Ten fifteen and eleven twenty?
Clerk: Yes, that's right,
Eric: OK. Thanks very ninth.
Exercise A: Listen to Eric and the booking-clerk at the mi/way station. Look at the timetable.
Operator: Hello! Can I help you'?
Nancy: Yes. What's the number of the Leicester Hotel, please? Operator: The Leicester? That's 837 5234.
Nancy: I see. And what about the New Norwich Hotel?
Operator: That's 785 2491.
Nancy: Thanks. And the Royal Buckingham?
Operator: Just a minute ... that's,.. um ... 249 6360.
Nancy: Uh-huh ... and the Gloucester?
Operator: The Gloucester ... um ... 564 8844...
Nancy: Thanks,... oh ... here's one more ... the, urn. the Peterborough Hotel.
Operator: Oh, that's 684 2549,
Nancy: Oh ... mid the last one. The Old Bedford?
Operator: The Old Bedford? That's 327 6975.
Nancy: Well, that's all now. Thanks very much for your help. Bye
Exercise B: Listen to the operator. After each bleep, write down the phone number of the hotel.
I. Tile Leicester Hotel 837 5234
2. The New Norwich Hotel 785 2491
3. The Royal Buckingham Hotel 249 6360
4. The Gloucester Hotel 564 8844
5. The Peterborough Hotel 684 2549
6, The Old Bedford Hotel 327 6975
Section Two Listening comprehension
Part 1 dialogues
Dialogue 1 What a Super Flat
Ann Morris and her friend, Sheila, have been invited to Jack and Rebecca's for supper. Although they know each other well, it is the first time Ann and Sheila have visited the couple's flat.
Jack: Hi, Ann! Hello. Sheila! Come on in. I say, you're both looking very smart!
Ann: Thanks. It's nice to be invited out. What a super flat you've got, Jack!
Sheila: yes, you never told us you lived in such luxury. It's so cosy*! Jack: I’m glad you like it. Sit down and 1'11 get you a drink.
Ann: Where's Rebecca?
Jack: She won't be long. She's just popped* out for a few things at the last minute ...
Sheila: Mm! This spaghetti* is really good. l didn't know you could cook.
Jack: I'm afraid it had to be something cheap. You know how it is! Ann: It's delicious. Is it your own recipe*, by any chance'?
Jack: No, I just followed what is said in the book.
Sheila: Can you give me the name of the book?
Rebecca: Sure, Italian Cooking Made Easy. - It has to be for him! Exercise A: Listen to the dialogue and decide whether the following statements are true or false. Write T or F in the space provided. Discuss with your classmates why you think the statement is true or false.
F 1. Jack and Rebecca live in the country. (They live in a flat, so probably they live in the city.)
T 2.The guests are surprised to see that Jack and Rebecca live in such a nice place. ( Ann: ,.. What a super flat you've got, Jack! Sheila: Yes, you never told us you lived in such luxury. It's so cosy!)
T 3. Jack's spaghetti is very delicious. (Sheila: Mm! This spaghetti is really good.)
F 4. The guests know Jack is a good cook. (Sheila: ... I didn't know you could cook.)
Exercise B: Listen to the dialogue again and answer the following questions.
1. What did the guests think or the flat?
(They thought the flat was super, luxury and cosy.)
2. How many friends did Jack invite to his home?
(Two. Ann and Sheila.)
3. What did they have for dinner?
(They had spaghetti.)
4. Why did Jack cook it instead of buying it?
(He thought it is cheaper.)
5. Who gave Jack the recipe?
(He got the recipe from a book.)
Dialogue 2 Back from work
It is seven o'clock. Clive Sutton has just arrived home from work.
Clive: It's not good enough, you know.
Cathy: What's wrong, Dad?
Clive: When I came in. the house was a disgrace. One of you was lying on the settee* and the other was nowhere to be seen.
Cathy: It wasn't my turn to tidy. It was Emma's.
Emma: I did it yesterday. Besides, I had a lot of homework to do.
Cathy: When l came in, you were in your room listening to records.
Emma: At least my room's tidy. Yours is a real mess.
Clive: Look! 1 don't care whose turn it was yesterday or today. It just won't do! I expect you to sort out* your jobs between
you. You're both old enough now. When I came in, the
breakfast dishes were still in the sink and there were clothes
lying all over the furniture, waiting to be ironed.* Emma: I'm always doing the ironing. Cathy used to help with it, but now she says she's too busy.
Cathy: I've got exams this year you haven't.
Clive: Girls, girls, that's enough. Have either of you eaten yet ?
Emma: I've had a sandwich. I'm trying to lose some weight.
Cathy: And I don't feel hungry.
Clive: Well, I do. In future, make sure one of you makes a meal.
We've got to live, you know. And I've got to work to keep us.
You’ll want spending money and holidays, you'll have to do
your share of the housework!
Emma: I'm sorry, Dad.
Cathy: Me too. Look, Emma, why don't we make a list of jobs and put it on the wall?
Exercise: Listen to the dialogue and decide whether the following statements are true or false. Write T or F in the space provided, Discuss with your classmates why you think the statement is true or false.
T 1. The house was a mess when tile father came in (Clive: When I came in the house was a disgrace.)
T 2. The children do the chores by tams. (Cathy: It wasn't my turn to tidy. It was Emma's.)
F 3. When the father came in, one of the girls was lying on the settee and the other was doing her homework. (Clive: one of you was lying on the settee and the other was nowhere to be seen Cathy: When I came in. you were in your room listening to records.)
F 4. When the father came back, the girls had done the washing-up.
(Clive: ... When I came in the breakfast dishes were still in the sink ….)
T 5. Emma usually does the ironing. (Emma: I'm always doing the ironing.)
T 6 . Both of the girls are students. (Emma: I had a lot of homework to do. Cathy: I've got exams this year.)
T7. Emma is probably on a diet. (Emma: I'm trying to lose some weight.) T8. The father has to cook dinner for himself. (Clive: Girls, girls, that's enough. Have either of you eaten yet? Emma: I've had a sandwich. Cathy: And I don't feel hungry. Clive: Well, I do. In future, make sure one of you makes a meal.)
T 9. The girls will sort out the housework between themselves. (Cathy: Look. Emma, why don't we make a list of jobs and put it on the wall?)
Part 2 Passage
The "Lost" Receipt
As my train was not due to leave for another hour, I had plenty of time to spare. After buying some magazines to read on the journey,
I made my way to the luggage office to collect the heavy suitcase
I had left there three days before. There were only a few people
waiting, and l took out my wallet to find the receipt for my case.
The receipt did not seem to be where I had left it. I emptied the contents of the wallet, and railway tickets, money, scraps* of paper,
and photographs tumbled* out of it; but no matter how hard l searched, the receipt was nowhere to be found.
When my turn came, I explained the situation sorrowfully to the assistant. The man looked at me suspiciously as if to say that he had heard this type of story many times and asked me to describe the case. I told him that it was an old, brown-looking object no different from the many cases I could see on the shelves.
The assistant then gave me a form and told me to make a list of the chief contents of the case. If they were correct, he said, I could take the case away. I tried to remember all the articles I had hurriedly packed and wrote them down as they came to me. After I had done this, I went to look among the shelves. There were hundreds of cases there and for one dreadful moment, it occurred to me that if someone had picked the receipt up, he could have easily claimed* the case already. This had not happened fortunately, for after a time, I found the case lying on its side high up in a corner. After examining the articles inside, the assistant was soon satisfied that it was mine and told me I could take the case away. Again I took out my wallet: this time to pay. 1 pulled out a ten-shilling note and the "lost" receipt slipped out with it. I could not help blushing* and glanced up at the assistant. He was nodding his head knowingly, as if to say that he had often seen this happen before, too!
Exercise: Listen to the passage and choose the best answer to each of the following questions.
Part 3 News
News item 1
V oters have approved (I) political changes that will establish an elected parliament. State television said (2) more than 98% of the voters approved the proposal for democratic reforms. The measures also will give women (3) the right to vote and to be candidates for office, making Bahrain* (4) one of the only Gulf Arab states to do so. And (5) equality will be guaranteed among (6) the different religious group in Brunei*. The Emir of Bahrain Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa* (7) welcomed the results, The changes are expected (8) to take effect by the year 2004 at the latest.
Exercise A: Listen to the news item and complete the following summary.
This news item is about democratic reform in Bahrain and Brunei.
Exercise B: Listen to the news item again and complete the following passage.
News Item 2
Opposition Parties are demanding a new election after a violent protest over voting problems Tuesday. At least 6 people were killed and many injured during the voting, People at over 100 voting places were not able to vote Tuesday. Official said Wednesday that those voting centers would be open soon. Early election results show the ruling General People's Congress Party in the lead. Final results are expected by the end of the week. Election officials say many people took part in final voting. V oting hours were extended to give people more time to vote. More than 20,000 candidates are competing for 7.000 seats in the local council* in Yemen*.
Exercise A: Listen to the news item and complete the following summary.
This news item is about the local council election in Yemen.
Exercise B: Listen to the news item again and choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentences.
l. A 2. A 3. B 4. C 5. D 6. B
News Item 3
More than 300 people have been killed and 250,000displaced following a
disputed presidential vote. The government has agreed to hold a new election if ordered by a court.
The violence this week in Kenya has thrown the usually peaceful country into crisis. Its economic and democratic progress may be in danger.
The crisis began Sunday after election officials declared President Mwai Kibaki the winner of a second term. On Friday Kenya’s main opposition party, the Orange Democratic Movement, called for a new election.
A spokesman for the president said the government will accept another election if a court orders a new vote.
Kenya became independent from Britain in 1963. It has the largest economy in East Africa.
This news item is about Kenya’s election violence that threatens gains in East Africa’s top economy.
Section Three Oral Work
Part 1 Questions and Answers
Mother: Where are Jim and Mary?
Father: Jim's gone fishing and Mary's gone with him.
Mother: Oh, dear, I can't bear cooking bony little fish.
Father: You needn't worry about Jim bringing anything home.
Mother: Why not?
Father: He never catches anything. He just likes fishing.
Mother: I can't help thinking Mary will be bored.
Father: She hates fishing, of course, but she isn't happy about Jim going off by himself.
Mother: Well, you can't be surprised at her wanting to be with him. Father: No. I can even remember a girl watching me play football. Mother: I can't imagine myself doing that again.
Exercise: Listen to the dialogue and then answer some questions about it. You will hear the dialogue and the questions only
once. Answer each question with a complete sentence after
you have heard it.
1. Where is Jim?
(He's gone fishing.)
2. What can't Mother bear'?
(She can't bear cooking bony little fish.)
3. What needn't Mother worry about?
(She needn't worry about Jim bringing anything home.)
4. What is it that Mother can't help thinking?
(She can't help thinking Mary will be bored&)
5. What isn't Mary happy about?
(She isn't happy about Jim going off by himself.)
6. What can't Father be surprised at'/
(He can't be surprised at Mary's wanting to be with Jim.)
7. What can Father remember?
(He can even remember a girl watching him play football.)
8. What can't Mother imagine herself doing again?
(She can't imagine herself watching Father play football again.)
Part 2 Retelling
There's an old saying that says, "It never hurts to ask." Here's a famous American story that proves the truth of that statement. Or does it?
In 1620, a group of settlers came from England to the "new world" They built a small community in Massachusetts. Mark Story, a middle aged widower, lived there. After his wife died, Mark shared a small cabin with a handsome young man named John Allen. Mark felt very lonely without a wife, One day he told John that he wanted Io marry one of the young women of the community --Pamela Miller~ But Mark was afraid to propose to her himself. So he asked his friend John to do it for him.
Poor John also wanted o marry Pamela~ But he didn't tell Mark that~ Instead, he went to Pamela and asked her to many Mark Story. Pamela was surprised and disappointed~ She listened quietly. Then
she said, "Why don't you speak for yourself, John?"
Exercise: Listen to the passage and then retell it in your own words.
You will hear the passage only once.
Section 4 supplementary exercises
Part 1 Listening Comprehension
Passage 1 A Coin
I was not more than thirteen years old at the time, certainly, but I remember the moment as if it were yesterday. I had just taken my place in class, when I noticed a small shining coin a few feet away from my desk.
I am sure it was not the desire for gain which prompted me to stoop* and pick it up, for the coin was a farthing* and almost completely worthless. But its newness attracted me, and the fact that I could not spend a coin of such small value made me want to keep it forever. As the teacher was talking to us, I pretended to drop a pencil and bent over. From that moment, the coin was mine.
The farthing and I remained firm friends for years. Trousers wore out, but the coin survived. It lived to see short trousers become long ones; it accompanied me in my youth and early manhood. It joined the army with me during the war, and later came to the office every day when I became a civilian again.
Every night when 1 emptied my pockets and placed their contents on my bedside table, the coin made its appearance. Sometimes, it would play hide-and-seek with me and make me dig deeply into my pockets. But sure enough, it was always there, trapped* inside larger items, like a pen-knife, or sleeping in the folds of my handkerchief. It certainly kept strange company. When I was a boy, it would attach itself to sticky sweets, or get caught in pieces of wire. When I grew up, it took its place proudly beside the silver coins that jingled* in my pocket. It had reason to be proud, for I am sure it knew that I would rather have lost every single silver coin I had than part with the precious little farthing. It did not shine any more, but at nighttime it would unfailingly arrive, last but smiling, and look up at me from my bedside table. One night, however, the coin was missing. I searched everywhere, but weeks passed and I did not find it. This time I realized sadly that it had gone for good* and could only hope that it had found some nicer pocket to live in.
Exercise: Listen to the passage and choose the best answer to each of the following questions.
The Utah Olympic Park is high in the Wasatch Mountains, about forty kilometers east of Salt Lake. It is about 2,200 meters above sea level. The
mountains receive an average of seven-and-one-half meters of snow each winter.
The Utah Olympic Park extends over 150 hectares of land. The Park has five areas for ski jump competitions. In warm weather, skiers train on special man-made jumps.
An Olympic size track has been built for bobsleigh* and luge* competitions. It is one of only three such tracks in North America. The track is close to the ground and has fifteen turns. Its path is similar in shape to the land.
The Utah Olympic Park will hold four major events during the 2002 Winter Games. They are the Nordic skiing*, bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton competitions. The skeleton event has not been seen at the Olympics since 1948. Officials expect it to be extremely popular next year. Athletes competing in the skeleton slide down the track on a luge sled. But they lie on their stomachs instead of their backs.
The Utah Olympic Park can hold about 20,000 people to watch the ski jumping event. It can hold about 15,000 people to see the other events. The Utah Olympic Park already is used for national and international competitions. It also operates as a training center for the competitors. And, young people who wish to join the United States national teams train there.
The Utah Olympic Park is open to the public during the summer and
winter months. Everyone is welcome to watch the athletes train and compete against each other. Visitors also can try some of the Olympic sports. This includes going down one of the ski jumps or riding on the bobsleigh or luge track.
Exercise: Listen to the report about Utah Olympic Park and choose the best answer to each of the following questions.
Part 2 Oral Work
Elsa lay in bed, thinking over her first couple of weeks in London. She yawned and stretched. It was Saturday and she didn't have to go to school. There was a knock at the door and Dorothy came in carrying a cup of tea. "Come on, love, you can't lie in bed all day. Time and tide wait for no inert," said Dorothy, flinging open the curtains.
"I'm playing in a football match today," said Elsa.
"Oh, I wouldn't let my girl do anything like that," said Dorothy. She was nice, but her view was a little old fashioned.
"I'll run the bath for you, love," said Dorothy on her way out, *'Elsa." Dorothy still hadn't noticed that Elsa always took a shower.
Exercise: Listen to the passage and then give your opinion on the following topics.
1. What have you learned about Elsa and Dorothy from the
2. Do you think your parents' views are sometimes a little old fashioned'?