新视野视听说教程第二册quiz1

Part 1 Fill in the blanks with prepositions or adverbs

(每小题:1 分)

Directions: Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with appropriate prepositions or adverbs. Fill in each blank with only ONE word.

1.Please come with me to revisit our university. It is

very likely that you would run a friend that you

haven't seen for a long time.

2.He is searching in his house as well as in his

office any cigarettes, ashtrays, and lights. He

has determined to say goodbye to smoking

forever.

3.When two people are in love, they feel drawn to

one another, greatly enjoy each other's company,

and are attracted one another.

4.Some people from the States have decided, just

curiosity, to make a tour in the space even

though it will cost about tens of millions of US

dollars.

5.For our new semester, another two phonetic labs

will also be equipped computers and video

cameras for our online language learning.

6.Nowadays young people are very particular with

trademarks that identify the manufacturer of a

product and distinguish it similar goods of others.

7.The lecturer presented a picture of our future

possible career in such a vivid way that we

became absorbed what he was saying and didn't

notice it was dinner time.

8.If you focus a person you have an encounter

with for the first seven seconds, you'll likely pick

up a lot of information about the person.

9.The opposition party launched an attack the new

administration's tax policies, arguing that the new policies will never help the country to tide over the economic crisis.

10.He took the newspaper and skimmed quickly the

story in minutes rather than hours, but it turned

out not as exciting as people had talked about.

12.The American Running Association has a

twelve-week program designed to move a

fifteen-minute walk a thirty-minute run.

13.Because of the downturn the current economy,

most workers feel more insecure in their jobs

today than they did a year ago.

14.It's always a good idea to start doing things

scratch. For example, a baby can learn a

language better and get more accurate

pronunciation than an adult.

15.I don't mean to poke my nose into your family

affairs, but I think it's time to get serious your

relationship with your wife and children.

Part 2 Cloze (with choices provided)

(每小题:1 分)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four words or expressions given. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage.

Questions 1 to 20 are based on the following passage.

Researchers have been trying to find how men and women are different in many ways. Take solving problems with (1)goals as an example. It has been found that even though men and women can solve problems (2)well and efficiently, there are always some (3)differences between them.

Women focus more on the process (4)merely solving the problem itself. For most women, it is an opportunity to (5) a relationship with others while discussing with them. It is also (6)for them to work in a team, and they would like to (7)"collective intelligence" to the task. They usually prefer to (8)team members for cooperation, as they believe solving a problem can profoundly (9)how they feel about their team. The process of solving a problem can (10)or weaken a relationship and make them feel closer to or more distant from others.

(11), men solve a problem using a very different way (12)women. (13)solving a problem,

most men do not feel the same as women. For them, the process of solving a problem is (14) important as solving it. What men usually do is to (15)their feelings and focus on solving the problem only. They focus more on how to solve a problem (16)so that there is a possible chance for them to (17)themselves from others. Usually, they tend to be more (18)in their individual work instead of group work. They prefer to (19)their way in the unknown world by themselves alone. For most men, solving a problem presents an opportunity to make them feel

(20)and to show their abilities in facing a challenge.

1 close similar alike near

2 evenly identically uniformly equally

3 individual distinctive distinct distinguished

4 over as than then

5 explore investigate search inspect

6 crucial beneficial official special 7employ embrace enforce engage 8 apply to appeal to appear to applaud to

9impress change achieve impact 10 broaden widen strengthen confirm

11moreover anyhow besides however 12 from than then to 13 though when because because so 14 not nearly as\ not almost to \ not same as \

not similar to 15 set up\set off\set aside\set forth\16 professionally\efficiently\sufficiently\agreeably\ 17

indicate\separate\identify\distinguish 18 addicted\attracted\absorbed\obliged 19 travel\probe\negotiate\associate 20 proficient\effective\competitive\competent

Part 4 Vocabulary and Structure

(每小题:1 分)

Directions: For each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one to complete each sentence.

1.________ is announced, the country has

launched a large-scale movement to wipe out

hunger, poverty, and diseases in the wide rural

areas.

A. What

B. That

C. As

D. Which

2.The students expected there ________ more

reviewing classes before the college entrance

examination, but, to their disappointment, all the

classes were finally canceled.

A. being

B. would be

C. have been

D. to be

3.The United States is proud of ________ great

writers, especially ________ in the 20th century

such as Mark Twain and Ernest Hemingway.

A. its ... those

B. the ... which

C. her ... what

D. his ... that

4.He is now working in a foreign firm, but not until

three years ago ________ to work outside the

country.

A. has he started

B. will he start

C. did he start

D. he started

5.Though having been living in the States for more

than 10 years, she still has a ________ British

accent when she talks.

A. sensitive

B. narrative

C. distinctive

D. representative

6.Repeated failures lead to success and prove to

be ________ to us as we experiment every day to

find out the right way of doing things.

A. substantial

B. influential

C. beneficial

D. potential

7.It's not ________ that he should be assigned to the job since he is new and has no

experience at all in this particular field.

A. advisory

B. advisable

C. advised

D. advising

8.When being checked at customs, I am ________ make a declaration of all purchases and

gifts acquired in the country.

A. engaged to

B. resolved to

C. obliged to

D. committed to

9.You will have to ________ yourself to a completely new life in college because it's a lot

different from high school.

A. appeal

B. apply

C. thrust

D. adjust

10.Mr. Collins argues that it is unrealistic for his secretary to do anything for any real purpose

before she has reached the level of ________ with computers.

A. proficiency

B. accuracy

C. sufficiency

D. deficiency

Part 5 Reading comprehension

(每小题:2 分)

Directions: Read the following passages carefully. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished sentences. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the best answer to each question.

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the same passage or dialog.

When I was a kid, I read every comic book ever published. I quickly went through all of them in a couple of days, and then reread the good ones until the next issues arrived.

But as I got older, my eyeballs must have slowed down! I mean comic books started to pile up faster than my brother Russell. It wasn't until much later did I realize it wasn't my eye balls that were to blame. They're still moving as well as ever. The problem is there's too much to read these days and too little time to read every word of it.

Now, besides novels and newspapers, I read different kinds of books and magazines. There are hundreds of techniques you could learn to help you read faster. But I know of three that are especially good.

Previewing is especially useful for getting a general idea of heavy reading, like long and hard magazine or newspaper articles. Read the entire first two paragraphs of whatever you've chosen. Next read only the first sentence of each successive paragraph. Then read the entire last paragraph. It can give you as much as half the comprehension in as little as one-tenth the time.

Skimming is a good way to get a general idea of light reading, like short and simple popular magazines or the sports and entertainment sections of the newspaper. Think of your eyes as magnets. Force them to move fast. Sweep each line and pick up only a few key words in each line.

Clustering trains you to look at groups of words instead of one at a time to increase your speed and comprehension enormously. It is a totally different way of seeing what we read. Here's how to cluster: Train your eyes to see all the words in clusters of up to three or four words at a glance.

With enough practice, you'll be able to handle more reading at school or work – and at home – in less time. You should even have enough time to read your favorite comic books.

1.What did the writer realize later regarding his slowed-down eyeballs?

A. His brother had more comic books than him.

B. He couldn't read as fast as his brother.

C. He couldn't finish reading all the comic books.

D. He had too much to read but too little time to do it.

2.Why is previewing especially useful for a heavy reading?

A. You can read various kinds of books such as magazines.

B. You can see the whole picture of a long reading in less time.

C. You can understand the content completely within a short time.

D. You can comprehend at least 50% of what you're reading.

3.What is the use of the technique of skimming when you are doing light reading?

A. It enables you to read some entertaining books.

B. It enables you to think like magnets.

C. It helps you pick up key words.

D. It helps you get the information you want.

4.What's the most important advantage when you do clustering?

A. It helps you read faster and understand better.

B. It lets you read in a totally different way.

C. It allows your eyes to pick up three to four words at a time.

D. It trains your eyes to see all the words in the reading.

5.Which statement best expresses the main idea of this passage?

A. Moving your eyes fast gives you a general idea.

B. It is necessary to choose different methods for different readings.

C. Different reading skills should be used at the same time.

D. You may read faster by using reading techniques.

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the same passage or dialog.

Before computers were invented, the words byte and modem did not exist, and a mouse was something that made some people scream and run away. Words are added to language every day. Changes in society also cause changes in language.

Changes in attitude also affect language. As people become more sensitive to the rights and needs of individual, it becomes necessary to change the words we use to describe them. The elderly are now called senior citizens. The handicapped are described as physically challenged. Many of the words we once used had negative feelings attached to them. New words show an awareness in today's society that differences are good and that everyone deserves respect. Even the names of certain jobs have changed so that workers can be proud of what they do. The trash man is now called a sanitation worker and a doorman is an attendant. One important influence on our language in the past decade has been the changing role of women in modern society. As women entered more and more areas that were once thought of as men's job, it became necessary to change the job titles. For example, a mailman is now a mail carrier, a watchman is a guard.

Sometimes new words may seem awkward and silly, such as chair for chairman, fisher for fisherman, and drafter for draftsman. But change is never easy. People often fight change until it becomes a familiar part of everyday life.

Women have fought long and hard to be treated equally in language as well as in society,

because they know that changes in language can cause changes in attitudes. If every person isn't referred to as he, people will begin to realize that men aren't the only ones who are important or who have made great achievements. Most words that indicate only one gender have been replaced with words that refer to both males and females. Thus, a poetess is called a poet, a waitress is a server, and mankind has become humankind.

6.Words are added to language ________.

A. when new things are invented

B. when society changes

C. when old words disappear

D. all the time

7.Words are changed because ________.

A. it is part of everyday life.

B. the handicapped should be proud of themselves.

C. many old words cause negative feelings.

D. some words look silly and awkward.

8. A doorman is now called ________.

A. attendant

B. watchman

C. trash man

D. server

9.Which of the following is one important influence on our language in the past decade

according to the passage?

A. The changing attitude toward the elderly.

B. The changing job market.

C. The changing role of women.

D. The changing social opinions.

10.Which of the following best summarizes the passage?

A. Language is always added with new vocabulary.

B. Language changes with the changing of society.

C. Changing language reflects the achievements of people.

D. Changing language gives people more individual rights.

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the same passage or dialog.

People use more than just words to communicate. In fact, some researchers claim that less than

half of a spoken message's real meaning is in the words used in the message. They say that most of a message's meaning comes from understanding how the speaker uses things like tone of voice and body language.

Body language includes such things as the expression on the speaker's face, gestures that speaker makes with his or her hands, and the position of the speaker's body. Just as there are many different languages spoken around the world, there are many different ways for people to use body language, too. For example, gestures may imply different meanings in different cultures. Making a "thumbs up" sign in America means, "Great!" However, in Arab cultures, this gesture is extremely offensive.

Although many gestures can be interpreted differently by different cultures, there are also many gestures that are almost universally interpreted in the same way. For example, by and large, a smile is understood as a sign of friendship or good will around the world. Also, using an open hand to gesture toward something is viewed as polite or friendly in most cultures.

There are also some forms of body language that can be universally read with the meaning, "I am interested in you" or "I like you." Sometimes this kind of body language is used unconsciously between two people. These signs of interest include standing or sitting with both feet flat on the ground, mirroring or using the same gestures as the other person, and turning one's body to fully face the other person.

Body language experts point out one important thing. The person's culture is only one factor that can influence his or her use of body language. The time and place where the body language is being used can have a lot to do with a person's body language. If the person has had a bad day or if a meeting takes place in a crowded place, the body language a person uses may be very different from under other circumstances.

11.According to the passage, more than half of a spoken message's real meaning comes from

________.

A. words used in the message

B. things used in the message

C. the speaker's tone of voice

D. the speaker's tone and body language

12.The second paragraph describes ________.

A. an example of a gesture not used in India

B. different meanings of gestures in different cultures

C. how gestures can change the meaning of words

D. useful gestures in Arab cultures

13.If a person starts copying your body language, what does this suggest?

A. He/She is interested in you.

B. He/She isn't interested in you.

C. He/She doesn't agree with you.

D. He/She agrees with you.

14.People may use different body languages ________.

A. only in different places

B. only at different time

C. under different circumstances

D. under few circumstances

15.What is the main idea of the passage?

A. Body language is an important part of communication.

B. Body language is affected by culture.

C. Body language can be extremely offensive.

D. Body language can tell you whether people like you.

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the same passage or dialog.

Grammar is an aspect of language about which learners have different opinions. Some learners are very interested in finding out or learning grammar rules and doing lots of grammar exercises. Others hate grammar and think it is the most boring part of learning a new language. Whatever opinion you have, however, you cannot escape from grammar; it is in every sentence you read or write, speak or hear. Grammar is simply the word for the rules that people follow when they use a language. We need those rules in the same way as we need the rules in a game. If there are no rules, or if everybody follows their own rules, the game would soon break down. It's the same with language; without rules we would not be able to communicate with other people.

So you cannot escape from grammar, but the key question here is: What is the best way to learn grammar? You can learn the rules of a game by simply playing the game. You will certainly make mistakes; you may even get hurt. Eventually, however, you will know how to play. Of course, the rules of a language are very much more complicated than the rules of any game, but in fact this is exactly how you learned your own language. Nobody taught you the rules of your mother tongue as you were growing up but now you never make a grammar mistake.

Most people learning a new language do not have so much time and such an ideal situation. So, there is no easy answer to the question. There are just as many different opinions about teaching grammar as there are about learning grammar. Many teachers believe in the importance of grammar lessons devoted to a study of language rules and lots of practice exercises. Other teachers feel that grammar is best learned by doing different language activities without focusing so directly on the rules. Whatever your opinion about grammar and whichever is the way you are taught, you need to use different strategies to help you learn grammar more effectively.

16.How is grammar defined in the passage?

A. Grammar is something you cannot escape from.

B. Grammar is a kind of game that requires a lot of practice.

C. Grammar is a set of rules that are used in a language.

D. Grammar is a strategy that consists of rules.

17.According to the passage, why is learning grammar important?

A. It helps you make no mistakes.

B. It makes communication possible.

C. It helps you not to get hurt.

D. It makes playing games possible.

18.In the writer's opinion, what is the best way to learn grammar?

A. Playing games with a set of rules.

B. Learning grammar naturally as you grow up.

C. Recalling how you learned your mother tongue.

D. Doing a lot of grammar exercises.

19.What's the difference between teachers' opinions in the way of learning grammar?

A. More exercises vs. more activities.

B. More activities vs. less exercises.

C. Less exercises vs. more grammar rules.

D. More exercises vs. less activities.

20.What is the main idea of the passage?

A. Memorizing rules is required for learning grammar.

B. Doing a lot of exercises helps learn grammar.

C. Playing games helps learn grammar better.

D. There are different ways to learn grammar.

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the same

passage or dialog.

Gender differences are also reflected in the ways that

men and women use language. In junior high school,

Joy's status will depend on her circle of friends. If her

friends are popular, then Joy may enjoy high status at

schools. For this reason, Joy and many other girls are

interested in gossip, talking about other people and

their private lives. If Joy has some information to

share about a popular girl at school, this proves that she has a friendship with this girl. In this way Joy can use gossip to gain more status in her school.

Tommy, on the other hand, may be less interested in gossip. His status doesn't depend on who his friends are at school. Tommy gains status through his own ability to play sports well or earn high grades. Later in life, Joy may continue to be interested in talking about other people and their lives. Tommy will be less interested in personal talk and more concerned with discussions of sports and news. These give him a chance to gain status by showing others his knowledge.

Different ways of speaking are part of gender. As adults, men and women sometimes face difficulties in their communication with each other. Studies of communication show that if a woman tells her husband about a problem, she will expect him to listen and offer sympathy. She may be annoyed when he simply tells her how to solve the problem. Similarly, a husband may be annoyed when his wife wants to stop and ask a stranger for directions to a park or restaurant. Unlike his wife, he would rather use a map and find his way by himself.

Language is also part of the different ways that men and women think about friendship. Most men believe that friendship means doing things together such as camping or playing tennis. Women, on the other hand, usually identify their best friend as someone with whom they talk frequently. Moreover, they often use tag questions to get agreement from their friends. If men and women can understand their differences, they may be able to improve their relationships.

21.Why are girls interested in gossip?

A. Gossip teaches them how to act.

B. Gossip allows them to use commands.

C. Gossip brings them high status.

D. Gossip helps them know about their friends.

22.What do some boys want to prove by discussing

sports?

A. They are knowledgeable.

B. They are more masculine.

C. They are interested in sports.

D. They are not interested in personal talking.

23.What will a woman expect her husband to do if

she tells him about a problem?

A. Tell her how to solve the problem.

B. Listen and show sympathy to her.

C. Talk about the problem with her.

D. Solve the problem for her.

24.Men usually show friendship by ________.

A. doing things together

B. agreeing with each other

C. talking together often

D. camping or playing tennis together

25.What message does the writer want to send out?

A. Both men and women should speak directly.

B. Talking to women is easier than talking to men.

C. There are many differences between men and

women.

D. It's beneficial to understand gender differences

in using language.

Part 6 Fill in the blanks with the help of the first letter(s) (每小题:1 分)

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the help of the first letter(s).

1.He thought the inefficiency of their work is

because of the new system under different

controls from various sections.

(Suggested first letter(s): mana )

2.The Chinese, on the other hand, could learn from

the Western to think more about action, truth,

and the right thing to do.

(Suggested first letter(s): tra )

3.The police along the border of Mexico try very

hard to prevent the illegal , such as heroin, from coming into the US.

(Suggested first letter(s): sub )

4.My different responsibilities at school keep me

busy all the time, leaving me no to date

someone.

(Suggested first letter(s): ma )

5.Failing memory makes it difficult for aged people

to all the basic information that young people

would easily take for granted.

(Suggested first letter(s): r )

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