1. What might the woman be good at?
A. Looking after kids
B. Taking care of elderly people
C. Helping people find jobs
2. What's on the girl's notebook cover?
B. A superstar.
C. Cartoon animals.
3. What is the man going to do first this afternoon?
A. Finish his speech draft.
B. Go to the woman’s club
C. Pick up his son from school.
4. What are the speakers in a hurry to do?
A. Buy a map
B. Attend a meeting
C. Find Mr. Darwin
5. Where will the speakers have a talk?
A. In a park.
B. In an office
C. In a cafe
6. What does the woman ask Jim about the meeting
A. The time.
B. The purpose
C. The place
7. What does the woman advise Jim to do?
A. Deal with the conflicts early
B. Avoid being late for the meeting
C Set up a fixed meeting schedule
8. What does the woman teach Jamie to do?
A. Boil some eggs
B. Bathe the baby
C. Clean the floor.
9. How does the woman find Jamie’s performance?
10. Why does the man want to see Jane?
A. To ask about her family
B. To discuss her English grade
C. To talk about her lateness.
11. How many bottles of milk does Jane deliver every morning?
12. How will the man help Jane?
A. Give her a scholarship
B. Help her find another job
C. Allow her two months' leave
3. Who is the woman talking to?
A. A repairman
B. An apartment manager.
C. A policeman
4. What do the speakers believe?
A. The kids weren't in the lot
B. The kids broke the window.
C. The kids took a baseball away
15. What is the woman unable to describe?
A. What the kids look like
B. Where the window faces
C. Whether a repairman is needed.
6. What will the man do next?
A. Call a repairman
B. Make an apology
C. Check the damage
17. When does the bus leave from the school gate?
A. At 7:45
B. At 8:00
C. At 8:55.
8. What will the students do in the kitchen?
A. Make pizza and cake
B. Have some sandwiches
C. Grow their own vegetables
19. what's the price of the bus fare
20. What does the speaker advise the parents to do?
A. Visit the school website
B. Call her for more information
C. Buy their children some notebooks
21. The success of the film Operation Red Sea has added a new _______to the public's impression on the Chinese military.
22. The old man looked up towards the moon and seemed, judging from his facial expression, ________of his family.
A. to think
C. to have thought
D. to be thinking
23. Julie is now occupied in gardening work and she would be happier if her husband, Frank, helped her, but he _______,
24 --Justine's voice betrayed his nervousness, I believe!
--Do you mean he was _______ with the truth?
25. Publishers and writers from 13 countries attended the seminar _______ top ten titles of the year were selected and their writers were awarded
26.--What do you think of the film I want to see this weekend?
--As you _______, it is a wonderful love story with a surprising ending.
A. can have noticed
B. could have noticed
C. will have noticed
D. would have noticed
27. It has been announced that her first album is scheduled ________ release in September.
28. Some courses are required in the new curriculum standards to help students _______ their reading and writing skills.
29. A few years ago, Charles Barkley got into trouble for making the observation ________ sports figures didn't need to be role models.
30. You may not have realized the problem, but you could never withdraw it _______ regretful about your decision.
A. should you feel
B. you should fee
C. had you felt
D. you had felt
31. China is now trying to _______ a home rental market in large and medium cities to address rising rental demand from urban newcomers.
A. push ahead with
B. catch up on
C. do away with D split off from
32 --European scientists announced that the speed of light isn't the speed limit.
--That's quite amazing. No one _____ any crack in this theory for more than a century.
A. has found
B. had found
C. would find
33. To finish the research project on time, the four of us have agreed on a division of labour, each ________ a quarter of duty.
A. having undertaken
C. to be undertaken
D. to undertake
34. I do believe in people being able to do what they want to do, _____ they're not hurting someone else.
A. even though
B. provided that
C. as though
D. now that
35. --How is it going with the scheme?
--We are rushing it through as fast as we can, and it ought to be _______ by the end of next week. A. a Herculean task B. a catch-22
C. a done deal
D. a dark horse
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36~55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D) 中, 选出最
For every disciplined effort, there are multiple rewards. That’s one of life's great 36 . Life is full of laws that both define and 37 behaviors, but the law of sowing and reaping may well be the major law we need to understand.
If you're 38 with people in your lives on important occasions, your reward will be
some new friends. If you give more than you 39 to receive, your reward is beyond your expectation. But remember, the key word here-as you might well imagine is 40.
Everything of value requires discipline. We must consistently determine our Inner and our codes of conduct, or our thoughts will be 42. In that case, we will become hopelessly lost in the maze(迷惑惑) of life.
Learn the discipline of paying your bills on time or using your time more effectively by getting your 43 in order. Learn the discipline of having regular meetings with your spouse, or your children or your parents to keep up 44 bonds.
For each discipline, multiple rewards; for each success, new ambition: for each failure, new 45. Life is like that. Even the bad experiences of life provide their own special 46. Everything affects everything else. 47 discipline, and there will be a price to pay. that' s what we call the Law of Familiarity. Without the discipline of 48 constant, daily attention we take things for granted. Life is not a 49 session, and every day is broadcast live.
Now, perhaps you’ve had a(n) 50 with someone you love or someone who loves you. and your anger won’t 51 you to speak to that person. wouldn't this be an ideal time to examine your need for a new discipline.
The most valuable form of discipline is the one that you 52 yourself. Don’t wait for the situation to 53 so sharply that someone else must 54 discipline on your life. Wouldn’t that be 55? How could you possibly explain the fact that someone else thought more of you than you thought of yourself?
36. A. arrangements B. advances C comparisons D. illustrations
37. A. praise B. punish C. explain D. organize
38. A. patient B. present C. content D. strict
39. A. promise B. wait C. claim D. expect
40. A commitment B. concentration C. ambition D. discipline
41. A. motivation B. boundaries C. concepts D. reflection
42. A. frightened B. ashamed C. confused D. discouraged
43. A. potentials B. privileges C. preferences D. priorities
44. A. terminal B. emotional C. material D. original
45. A. determination B. despair C. barrier D. pressure
46. A. attraction B. contribution C. relation D. response
47. A. Observe B. Prevent C. Neglect D. Follow
48. A. distracting B. paying C. transferring D. receiving
49. A. practice B. performance C. routine D. recreation
50. A appointment B. compromise C. disagreement D. negotiation
51. A. persuade B. encourage C. forbid D. allow
52. A. apply to B. cater to C. turn to D. submit to
53. A. slide B. boom C. turn D. shift
54. A. impress B. base C. force D. place
55. A. reliable B. miserable C. inspiring D. annoying
THE SUMMER LANGUAGES PROGRAM
If you are serious about learning Greek, Chinese, Japanese, or Russian, consider the summer languages program at Beloit College.
Our program aims to expand your understanding of a fascinating world culture as language and culture go hand in hand. Success in the program better positions you to assume confident, active citizenship in a thoroughly interdependent world. It prepares you to engage in a world through its own cultural sensitivities.
Your study of language and culture at Beloit College is carried out in partnership with devoted, excellent teachers. It takes place on a beautiful campus and among people who love to learn and teach.
Our programs distinctive features include:
▲A Flexibility of eight-week or four-week sessions
▲Small classes with a maximum of twelve students
▲An active environment of teacher-student interaction inside and outside the classroom
▲Comfortable housing with others studying the same language
▲Students who complete sessions successfully will receive Beloit College credits
Who can attend?
Our program is open to domestic and international students, educators, business persons, and adults interested in language study for academic purposes, career and personal enrichment.
Other points for attention:
Our program takes place each summer from mid-June to early August. Even if you can only join us for the first four-week session, by the time you leave, you will have completed nearly 100 hours of classroom work in addition to 50 hours of work outside the classroom.
56. What can we learn about the summer languages program at Beloit College?
A. It may hold a class consisting of fourteen students
B. It encourages students to attend its four-week session
C. It will get students involved in some outdoor activities
D. It aims to train students to master as many languages as possible
57. If you join the summer languages program at Beloit College, you _______.
A. will have to seek accommodation by yourself
B. are guaranteed to receive Beloit College credits
C. will have a chance to study with international partners
D. are capable of completing 100 hours of classroom work
For anglers (垂钓者) nothing beats catching a big fish. Unfortunately, in recent years, research has shown that selectively capturing the largest fish has worrying ecological consequences. In some species the largest ones are the healthiest ones, and so the ones most likely to breed successfully. In others they are the oldest, and so the most experienced at avoiding predators or securing resources,
such as food and breeding sites. In the Pantanal and Amazon regions of Brazil, the largest fish are also vital in distributing seeds—and thus maintaining and regenerating habitat.
①Trees in these areas fruit most prolifically during the summer, when local rivers burst their banks and flood the land, making those fruit available to fish, which gladly wolf them. Then as the fish swim round the floodplain, they pass the seeds inside those fruit, which often remain Intact (完整无损的), as part of their waste. These seeds are thus distributed far and wide. Researchers have found that the most effective distributors are the biggest ones. Because they have bigger bellies they eat more, and because they have wider mouths they are more likely to swallow seeds whole.
②Yet small fish also distribute seeds, especially small seeds, according to a review just published in Biotropica by Raul Costa-Pereira and his colleagues at Sao Paulo State University. That led Mr. Costa-Pereira to speculate (推断)about the role of large specimens in populations of smaller fish. This matters, because when stocks of larger species are decreased commercial fishermen often start "fishing down" the food chain to capture smaller ones.
③The researchers therefore monitored the seed-eating behavior of tetra fish and
freshwater sardines. Since both species wander areas where trees drop ripe fruit during the season, and both are also caught by fishermen when they approach their maximum size. Mr. Costa-Pereira speculated that selective fishing of the largest tetra and sardines would reduce the number of intact seeds that the animal would later defecate(排泄).
④The team collected a sample of fish on the Miranda river flood plain in the Pantanal, measured the lengths of their specimens and the gapes of their jaws, and then analysed the animals gut contents under a microscope. They found that 63% of seeds counted in the guts of the freshwater sardines had been destroyed by chewing, and 22% in tetras had suffered the same fate. Crucially, they also found, for both species, that the number of intact seeds did indeed increase with the size of the fish they came from.
Mr. Costa-Pereira therefore believes the same rule applies to small fish species as to big ones—namely, the largest individuals play the biggest role in distributing seeds. This, he suggests, needs to be considered when catch limits are set. The catching of small species, which are used not only as food for people but also to feed animals and as bait, is often less regulated than the catching of large ones. Intensive fishing can rapidly reduce the number of smaller fish. If the biggest individuals go first, there could be disastrous effects for the wider ecology of a flood plain.
58. According to the research, the largest fish can do the following EXCEPT that ___.
A. they can better avoid being caught by predators.
B. they are more skilled at hunting for food.
C. they always live longer than small ones.
D. they can distribute seeds more effectively.
59. Where should the sentence “Many studies of seed-eating fish have thus looked at large species”be put in the passage?
60. What message can be concluded from the underlined part in Para. 5?
A. Selective fishing has a negative effect on the number of intact seeds.
B. The seeds eaten by smaller fish are more likely to be damaged.
C. The freshwater sardines pose a greater threat to seeds than tetra fish.
D. The size of the fish determines whether the seeds will be digested.
61. What can we learn from the suggestion put forward by Mr. Costa-Pereira?
A. More emphasis should be put on preventing larger fish being caught.
B Relevant departments should reconsider setting strict catch limits.
C. The catching of large and small fish should be equally regulated.
D. The wider ecology of a flood chain would be faced with disastrous blow.
During the holiday season, my husband and I tend to offer suggestions to those who are generous enough to insist on buying presents for our kids. Things like “Don’t spend more than $50”and “No guns”. Or, for those with whom we can be comfortably blunt(直言不讳), “Just cash, please.”This year were adding a new rule to our list: No toys that can spy.
Today many coveted gifts are internet enabled. There is panoply of home hubs and A.I. assistants that promise to make everyday life easier: Google Home can be your butler, D.J. and personal assistant. Then there are products that seem as if they had the internet added as an afterthought: web-savvy saltshakers that connect to your smartphone. These newly smart devices can adjust your salt intake, sharpen your toe kick and sing to your youngsters at bath time.
These products can be silly, but they can also be delightful and useful. Smart appliances and A.I. assistants can make us more efficient, encourage healthier lifestyles and connect us to the things we love. Saying “Alexa, play ‘Silentnight’”is easier than rooting around for that dusty Bing Crosby vinyl.
This isn’t a hypothetical (假设的) question—it's already happening. Manufacturers are fixing microphones, cameras and GPS into toys and gadgets, and the results are frightening. This year, we learned about My Friend Cayla, a Blue-tooth-equipped doll. Cayla can converse with kids. She can also spy on them, if hacked. The Times called Cayla a “bright-eyed talking doll that just might be a spy”; the German government has completely banned her.
There are more examples of the internet’s worst trait invading sensitive spaces. The consumer groups Which and Stiftung Warentest recently conducted an investigation that revealed that toys like Furby Connect and CloudPets could be hijacked by low-tech hackers. Hackers can then transmit spoken messages to kids through the toys’ speakers.
Complicating all this is the dull state of online privacy and security protections In the United States in particular, we don’t have very many rules or regulations defending consumers’online privacy. There aren’t universal trust marks that clearly explain a product’s personal security or how consumers’ data is used And there’s limited accou ntability. Sometimes, a company’s privacy error results in little more than bad P. R.
I t’s no surprise, then, that so many people are skeptical of a more connected future. According to
a recent survey by my organization, Mozilla, on the topic, the most tech-savvy among us are also the most concerned about privacy.
So what’s the answer? In the long term, smart policy and regulations can make a difference. Ideally, building privacy and security features into connected devices will become as common as equipping cars with seatbelts or putting a nutritional label on packaged food. There are people and organizations doing important work on this front: Consumer Reports measures and reports on the privacy and security of products and services and the Electronic Frontier Foundation provides cybersecurity training. At Mozilla, we released a holiday shopping guide focusing on privacy to raise awareness.
62. The opening paragraph is mainly intended to _______.
A. tell readers how serious the problem is
B. direct the readers’ attention to the theme
C. arouse readers’ interest in children’s privacy
D. show their casual relationship with friends
63. The example of My Friend Cayla is most probably used to illustrate _______.
A. the fast development of artificial intelligence
B. the wise decision of the German government
C. the severity of the quality of such products
D. the urgency to handle privacy being invaded
64. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?
A. Smart policy and regulation will help ensure privacy and security.
B. Smart appliances and A I assistants are more stupid than delightful.
C. Google Home and web-savvy saltshakers will make your life easier.
D. Something has been done to improve the internet-connected devices.
Lord Percy of Newcastle, Britain’s minister of education in 1924-29, was no fan of the craze (狂热) for happy-clappy “progressive” education that spread among the country’s schools on his watch. He declared that it was all nonsense: “a child ought to be brought up to expect unhappiness.” This columnist feels the same suspicion of the fashion for happy-clappy progressive management theory that is rushing through the world's companies and even some governments.
The leading wrongdoer is Zappos. The firm expects its staff to be in a state of barely controlled happiness when they sell shoes. Pret A Manger, a British food chain, specializes in bubbly good humour as well as sandwiches. Air stewards are trained to sound pleasant but those at Virgin Atlantic seem on the edge of breaking out into a song-and-dance routine. Google until recently had an in- house “jolly good fellow” to spread mindfulness and empathy(心灵感应).
Zappos is so happy with its work on joy that it has set up a company called Delivering Happiness. It has a chief happiness officer (CHO), a global happiness navigator, and a happiness owl. Plasticity Labs, a technology firm which grew out of an earlier startup called the Smile Epidemic, says it is committed to supporting a billion people on their path to happiness in both their personal and professional lives.
One of the sharpest books published on the phenomenon is The managed Heart from 1983, in which Arlie Hoschschild, a sociologist at the University of California, Berkeley, noted that as the service sector plays an ever greater role in the economy, many employers demanded emotional labour from their employees. Run-of-the-mill (普通的) service firms are fighting for their lives against discounters. As customers, most people prefer their service with a smile rather than a snarl(咆哮).
Management theorists note that a big threat to corporate (团体的) performance is widespread disengagement among workers. Happy people are more engaged and productive, say psychologists. Gallup conducted a survey in 2013 and claimed that the “unhappiness”of employees costs the American economy $500 billion a year in lost productivity. However, it is difficult to prove or disprove Gallups numbers since it is not entirely clear about what is being measured. Companies would be much better off forgetting wishy-washy (空洞的) goals like encouraging contentment. They should concentrate on removing specific annoyances, such as time-wasting meetings and
pointless memos. Instead, they are likely to develop ever more sophisticated ways of measuring the emotional state of their employees. Academics are already busy creating smartphone apps that help people keep track of their moods, such as Track Your Happiness and Moodscope. It may not be long before human-resource departments start measuring workplace euphoria (幸福感) via apps, cameras and voice recorders.
The idea of companies employing jolly good fellows may be cringe- making (令人畏缩的) but is there anything else really wrong with it? Various academic studies suggest that “emotional labour”can bring significant costs. The more employees are obliged to fix their faces with a big smile or express joy at a customer’s choice of shoes, the more likely they are to suffer problems of burnout. And the contradiction between workers and their companies demanding more displays of contentment from them, even as these companies put them on miserably short-term contracts and turn them into self-employed “partners”, is becoming more obvious.
Many companies are already overstepping the mark. A large American health care provider, Ochsner Health System, introduced a rule that workers must make eye contact and smile whenever they walk within ten feet of another person in the hospital. Pret A Manger sends in mystery shoppers to visit every outlet regularly to see if they are greeted with the required degree of joy. Pass the test and the entire staff get a bonus—a powerful incentive (刺激) for workers to turn themselves into happiness police. Companies have a right to ask their employees to be polite when they deal with members of the public. They do not have a right to try to regulate their workers’ psychological states and turn happiness into an instrument of corporate control.
65. What’s Lord Percy’s attitude towards happy-clappy “progressive” education?
66. What can we know about Zappos?
A. It encourages the staff to work at ease.
B. It advocates the policy of smiling services.
C. It is a company aiming at helping unhappy people find a job.
D. It is in search of a happiness owl for its Delivering Happiness.
67. Paragraph 4 is intended to _______.
A. show the popularity of The Managed Heart
B. analyze the disadvantages of “emotional labour”
C. stress the importance of the service sector in the economy
D. explain the necessity of “emotional labour” in the service sector
68. What was the problem with Gallup’s survey?
A. It caused workers to be uninvolved in their work.
B. It only tracked happiness of employees in America.
C. It failed to provide clear measurements of happiness
D. It consumed too much money before drawing a conclusion.
69. According to the author, companies should _______.
A. set aside some time for specific annoyances
B. train the staff of low productivity to be happy
C. employ smartphone apps to track their staffs moods
D. dismiss the idea of encouraging contentment from the staff
70. By the underlined sentence in the last paragraph, the author wants to show that ______.
A. many staff have suffered burnout because of working overtime
B. individual workers’ human rights have been seriously violated
C. companies have provided too many incentives for their staff
D. too many employees are required to sign short-term contracts
Five ways... to manage migraines
One in seven of us suffer from migraines-an extremely painful headache that makes you feel very ill, but the illness remains poorly understood with few truly effective treatments available. Monitor triggers
Migraines can be triggered by a variety of environmental factors, ranging from certain foods to perfumes. Keep a headache diary over the course of several months and record what you did or ate before the migraine. Sufferers often then start to notice patterns they can avoid in future. Common food triggers include products that contain monosodium glutamate, meats containing sodium nitrates such as bacon and salami, red wine, aged cheese, smoked fish and baked goods. Alcohol, sudden stress, loud noises, bright lights and smoking can also be migraine risk factors.
Try to stick to routines
If you suffer from migraines, your brain is so sensitive to environmental changes, ranging from the external (loud noises) to internal (hormonal changes), that it perceives (感知) as threatening, resulting in pain. If you are as consistent as possible in your daily routine, from your sleep schedule to mealtimes to when you exercise, it can help prevent the number of attacks.
It is best to consult your doctor before trying anything new, but various studies have shown that different nutritional supplements such as magnesium, vitamin B2 and coenzyme Q10 have the potential to prevent migraines in some patients. One study of 31 migraine patients who took coenzyme Q10, which reduces damage to cells caused by the environment and other factors reported that 19 found their migraine days were reduced by half.
Research suggests that mild regular aerobic exercise, such as jogging, swimming, dancing or cycling for 30 minutes, three times a week, can reduce the frequency and severity of migraines in some patients. Exercise induces your body to produce natural painkilling chemicals known as endorphins. However, make sure to eat and drink before exercise, to avoid potential migraine triggers such as low blood sugar levels or dehydration, and try to stretch for 10 minutes before and afterwards to prevent muscle tension, which can also be a trigger.
Look out for new medications
Over the next couple of years, a new category of drugs called anti-CGRP antibodies administered via a monthly injection, are expected to reach the market. They work by reducing the levels of a protein found to be raised in migraine sufferers that causes your blood vessels to dilate, and have been found to be effective in clinical trials with minimal side-effects. However, only half of