2016年江苏省初中英语听力口语自动化考试纲要·话题简述(中英文对照) (2)

2016年江苏省初中英语听力口语自动化考试

话题简述

1.学校生活School life

例一要点:

1.杰克是一名八年级学生,就读于伦敦附近的一所学校;

Jack is a Year 8 student at a school near London.

2.他最喜欢的学科是中文课,他认为学习外语很有趣;

His favorite subject is Chinese. He thinks learning foreign

languages is fun.

3.学校每学期有一个“读书周”,他和他的同学们喜欢这个“读书周”,

他们可以读到来自学校图书馆的许多书和杂志;他很喜欢他

的学校。

His school has a reading week every term. Jack and his

classmates love it. They can read many books and magazines

from the school library. Jack loves his school very much.

例二要点:

1.南希14岁,是七年级学生;

Nancy is 14 years old. She’s in the seventh grade.

2.她每周放学后打两次排球;她喜爱这项运动,花很多时间练习;

Twice a week, she plays volleyball after school. She loves this

game and spends a lot of time practising.

3.每周一她去“同伴俱乐部”;在那里,老生给新生讲学校生活情况;

同伴朱莉帮助她全面了解新学校情况;朱莉是她的好朋友。

Every Monday, Nancy goes to a Buddy Club. There older students

talk to new students about school life. Her buddy Julie helps

her learn all about her new school . Julie is her good friend.

2.阅读Reading

例一要点:

1.我喜欢看罗伯特·路易斯·史蒂文森的书,我认为它们真的太精彩了;

I enjoy reading the books of Robert Louis Stevenson because I

find them really exciting.

2.比如,《金银岛》讲述的是一个小男孩的故事;他出海航行,寻找

宝藏;故事给了我很大的信心;

For example, Treasure Island tells the story of a young boy.

He sails the sea to look for hidden treasure.

His story gives me a lot of confidence.

3.读了这本书后,我不再像以前那样害羞;将来,我还想去旅游,拥

有一些令人兴奋的经历。

After reading the book, I’m not as shy as I used to be.

I also want to travel and have exciting experiences in the future.

例二要点:

1.我喜欢阅读;每周我花七个多小时阅读各种类型的书;我对历史题材的书感兴趣,但是我最爱看小说;

I love reading. I spend over seven hours a week reading different

types of books.

I am interested in history books, but I like novels best.

2.朋友们给我很多读书建议;我们常见面、讨论读什么书;

My friends give me lots of advice on books.

We often meet together and discuss what to read.

3.阅读总是段美好的时光。好书让我在忙碌一天之后轻松下来;同时

也向我打开了一个全新的世界。

Reading is always a wonderful time.

Good books help me relax after a busy day.

They also open up a whole new world to me.

3.自己动手做Do it yourself

例一要点:

1.我表弟安德鲁对DIY很着迷;他喜欢修理物品,装饰房间;但

事后,房间总是一团糟;

My cousin Andrew is crazy about DIY. He loves to repair things and decorate his house. But when he finishes, The house always looks terrible.

2.曾经有一次他想在自己的卧室里安装一盏更亮的灯,但是他犯

了一个错误,整个房子都停电了;

He once tried to put in a brighter light in his bedroom, but he

made a mistake. Then his whole house had a power cut.

3.我给他买了一些DIY书籍,建议他选修一些DIY课程。

So I bought some books about DIY for him, and I also advised him to take some courses in DIY.

例二要点:

1.这里有一些制作水果沙拉的小建议;

Here are some tips for making a fruit salad .

2.首先,使用当季水果;其次,搭配不同颜色的水果;比如,把红色的苹果、青色的梨子和紫色的葡萄搭配起来会使沙拉看上去五彩缤纷;

First, use fruit in season.

Then, use fruit of different colours. For example, mixing red apples, green pears and purple grapes together will make the salad look very colourful .

3.最后,在食用沙拉前再做沙拉;有些水果在空气中放置一段时间后会很快变色。

Last,prepare the fruit salad just before you are going to eat it.

Some of the fruit will quickly turn brown when you leave it in the air for some time.

4.大熊猫Giant pandas

例一要点:

1.人人喜欢大熊猫;大熊猫温顺且安静,吃一种特别的竹子;

Everyone likes giant pandas. Giant pandas are quiet and peaceful.

They eat a special kind of bamboo .

2.野外现仅有大约一千六百只大熊猫,它们的数目越来越少;

Now, there are only about 1,600 giant pandas in the world.

Their number is going down.

3.大熊猫生活的地方正在变为农田,而且人们也为取其毛皮而捕猎它

们;如此下去,世界上很快将再无大熊猫。

Their living areas are becoming farmlands.

Also, people hunt them for their fur.

If this continues, there will soon be no giant pandas in the world . 例二要点:

1.熊猫宝宝名叫“希望”,出生时重约90克,每天喝母乳;6个月时,

开始吃竹子;

The baby panda is called Xi Wang.

When she was born, she weighed about 90 grams.

She drank her mother’s milk every day.

When she was six months old, she started to eat bamboo.

2.可悲的是,大熊猫在野外很难存活;假如人们砍掉树和森林,大熊

猫将无栖身之处;

Sadly, it is difficult for giant pandas to survive in the wild.

If people cut down trees and forests, giant pandas will have nowhere to live.

3.我们应当尽力保护它们。

We should try our best to protect them.

5.饮食Diet

例一要点:

1.为了更加健康,我已改变了饮食;

I have changed my diet because I want to be healthier.

2.以前,我很少吃水果、蔬菜,喜欢糕点、糖果和可乐;

Before, I seldom ate fruit and vegetables. I liked cakes, sweets

and cola.

3.现在,早餐时我总是吃一根香蕉、一些面包,喝一杯牛奶;午餐时,

通常吃鱼和蔬菜;

Now, I always have a banana, some bread and a glass of milk for

breakfast. I usually eat fish and vegetables for lunch.

4.我现在越来越健康,学习情况也因此大有改善。

I’m now becoming healthier and healthier. Because of this, my studies have greatly improved.

例二要点:

1.以前,汤姆喜爱薯条和汉堡包,吃很多甜的零食,很少吃水果和蔬

菜;

Before, Tom loved chips and hamburgers and ate a lot of sweet

snacks, but he seldom ate fruit and vegetables.

2.现在,为了更健康,他已改变了饮食;早餐常喝点牛奶,吃点面包;

正餐常吃米饭、鱼和蔬菜;饭后常吃些水果;

Now, he has changed his diet because he wants to be healthier.

For breakfast, he usually has some milk and bread.

He usually has rice, fish and vegetables for dinner. After meals he often eats some fruit.

3.汤姆现在健康多了,他知道改变不健康的饮食很重要。

Tom is much healthier now. He knows it is important to change an unhealthy diet.

6.爱好与学业Hobbies and studies

例一要点:

1.我有许多爱好,喜欢游泳、唱歌和购物,目前旅游是我的最爱;

I have many hobbies. I love swimming, singing and shopping. At

the moment, travelling is my favourite hobby.

2.但是,每天我有很多家庭作业;做作业花时很多,我没有时间用在

爱好上;对此我真的感到遗憾;

However, I have a lot of homework every day. I spend so much

time doing my homework that I cannot find any time for my

hobbies. I really feel bad about it.

3.我不想因为家庭作业而放弃全部爱好。

I don’t want to give up all my hobbies because of my homework. 例二要点:

1.迈克迷恋足球,喜爱看足球比赛,也喜爱踢足球;

Mike is crazy about football! He loves watching football

matches. Of course, he loves playing football too.

2.放学后,他经常和同学们一起踢一小时左右的足球;

He often spends about one hour playing football with his

classmates after school.

3.他的父母不喜欢这一点,要求他在5点半之前回家;他认为有必要

花些时间在爱好上,希望能得到父母的支持。

His parents don’t like this and have asked him to go home before 5:30. He thinks it is important for him to spend some time on

his hobbies. He wishes he could have his parents’support.

7.推荐Recommendations

例一要点:

1.如果你在考虑去北京旅游,我推荐这本书;

If you are thinking about visiting Beijing, I recommend this book.

2.这本书描述了北京的许多旅游景点,还介绍了当地的纪念品;书中

有许多漂亮的照片;

It describes many tourist attractions in the city. It also tells you

about the local souvenirs. There are many beautiful photos in

the book.

3.从这本书中你可以了解到北京的许多情况;

You can learn a lot about Beijing from this book.

4.书不贵,可到附近的书店购买。

The book is not expensive. You can buy it in a nearby bookshop. 例二要点:

1.我推荐海伦担任网球俱乐部负责人;

I recommend Helen to be the Tennis Club leader.

2.她成为俱乐部成员已经三年了;一直积极参加俱乐部活动;我常看

到她刻苦训练;今年她在学校网球比赛中获得第一名;她做

事有条不紊;

She has been a club member for three years. She always takes an

active part in club activities.

I often see her practising hard. This year, she came first in the

school tennis competition. She is also very organized.

3.我认为她是俱乐部负责人的恰当人选。

I think she is a good choice to be the Tennis Club leader.

8.变迁Changes

例一要点:

1.我对阳光城很了解;四岁时随父母一起搬到了这里,从那以后就住

在这里;

I know Sunshine Town very well.

I moved here with my parents when I was four years old.

I have lived here since then.

2.我们先住在城北;几年后,我们搬到城中心的另一座公寓;

We first lived in the northern party of town.

A few years later, we moved to another flat in the centre of town.

3.现在阳光城已发生了很大变化,看起来就像一个美丽的大公园。

Now Sunshine Town has changed a lot.

It looks like a big beautiful park.

例二要点:

1.阳光城变化很大;政府已将这个地方变成了一个公园;我们有了一

个大型购物中心和一个剧院,也有了开阔的空地和美丽的花

园;

Sunshine Town has changed a lot.

The government has turned the place into a park.

We have a large shopping mall and a theatre.

We have open spaces and pretty gardens too.

2.然而,要看到一些老朋友就有困难了;他们已搬到了北京或其他地

方,我时而感到有点寂寞;

However, it is difficult to see some of my old friends.

They have moved to Beijing or other places, and I feel a bit lonely from time to time.

3.有时,他们回来看我,那使我很高兴。

Sometimes they come back to see me, and that makes me very happy.

9.著名人物Famous people

例一要点:

1.谭盾1958年出生在中国湖南省中部;很小的时候就表现出对音乐

的兴趣;

Tan Dun was born in 1958 in central Hunan, China.

When he was very young, Tan showed an interest in music.

2.对他而言,最好的音乐来自自然界;由于他喜欢大自然的声音,他

经常在自己的音乐里使用它们;

To him, the best music comes from nature.

As he likes the sounds of nature, Tan uses them a lot in his music. 3.谭盾成功地把中国音乐和西方音乐融合在一起;在东西方之间架起了桥梁;用他自己的话讲,“我的音乐梦想无边界。”

Tan has successfully brought Chinese and Western music together.

He has helped build a bridge between the East and the West.

In his words, “My music is to dream without boundaries.”

例二要点:

1.谭盾是当今世界最伟大的艺术家之一;他在年轻的时候用石头、纸

张等常见的物品来制作音乐;

Tan Dun is one of the greatest artists in the world today.

He used to make music with common objects like stones and

paper when he was young .

2.他喜欢来自大自然的声音;他经常在自己的音乐里使用它们;

He loves the sounds of nature. He uses them a lot in his music. 3.比如,在他的一部作品《水乐》中,他没有使用任何乐器;通过

控制水流的速度,他用水制造出了五十多种声音;那真是太神

奇了!

For example, in one of his works, water, he doesn’t use any musical instruments

He makes over 50 sounds from water by controlling the speed of

water flow. That’s really amazing!

10. 我的家乡My hometown

例一要点:

1.我的家乡在中国的东部,是个小城镇;

My home town is in the east of China. It is

a small town.

2.城里有个美丽的公园,在那里我们可以散步,也可以看到小山、树

和湖;城里有一些高楼,最高的楼有二十四层;有很多商店,

我们经常去购物;

In it there is a beautiful park. We can go walking there. We can

see hills, trees and lakes too.

There are some tall buildings in the town and the tallest one has twenty-four floors.

There are lots of shops. We often go shopping in them.

3.我很喜欢我的家乡。

I like my home town very much.

例二要点:

1.我住在一个小城市的附近;我的房子外便是公交车站;乘公交车到

市中心约需十分钟;

I live near a small city. Outside my house is a bus stop. It takes

about ten minutes to get to the city centre by bus.

2.在市中心有许多建筑物,包括一个大型购物中心、一个青年中心和

一个博物馆,还有一个公园;

There are lots of buildings there, including a large shopping mall,

a youth centre and a museum. There is a park too.

3.青年中心是我最喜欢的地方,周末我经常和朋友们去那里。

The youth centre is my favourite place. I often go there with my friends at the weekend.

11. 颜色Colours

例一要点:

1.一些颜色让人感到平静和安宁;蓝色便是其一;蓝色也表示难过;

感到难过的人会说:“我感到忧伤”;

Some colours make people feel calm and peaceful.

Blue is one of these colours. Blue can also represent sadness.

Someone who is feeling sad may say, “I’m feeling blue.”

2.让人感到平静和安宁的另一种颜色是白色;白色代表纯洁;如果你

感到压力大,就可以穿白色的衣服。

Another colour that makes people feel calm and peaceful is white.

White is the colour of purity.

You could wear white if you are feeling stressed.

例二要点:

1.一些颜色能让你感到温暖;生活在气候寒冷地区的人们,更喜欢用

暖色来给他们的家一种温暖和舒适的感觉;

Some colours can make you feel warm.

People who live in a cold climate prefer to use warm colours to give their homes a warm and comfortable feeling.

2.橙色是暖色之一,能带给你成功,让你高兴;黄色是另一种暖色,

是太阳的颜色,也是智慧之色。

Orange is one of the warm colours.

Orange can bring you success and cheer you up.

Yellow is another warm colour.

Yellow is the colour of the sun. It is also the colour of wisdom.

12. 介绍Introductions

例一要点:

1.刘浩是连接阳光城到天津路段高铁的总工程师;他严肃,话不多,做事有条不紊;

Liu Hao is the chief engineer of the high-speed railway

connecting Sunshine Town to Tianjin.

He is serious and doesn’t like to talk much. He is well organized.

2.工作上,他总是追求高标准;刘浩认为失之毫厘,谬以千里,因此必须重视每个细节;

He always works to high standards. Liu Hao believes a miss is as

good as a mile, so it is necessary to pay attention to every

detail.

3.他对他的团队成员很友好;大家觉得他是一个谦虚、易相处的人。

He is friendly to his team members. They think he’s modest and easy to work with.

例二要点:

1.五年前,孙宁放弃了她会计师的职业;她开始在一家大公司的销售

部门工作;

Sun Ning gave up her job as an accountant 5 years ago.

She started to work for the sales department in a big company. 2.她的上一份工作中,她天天只能与数字打交道,那使得她很不开心;

因为喜欢与人打交道,她选择了新的工作;

In her last job, she could only work with numbers day after day.

That made her unhappy. She chose her new job because she

loved working with people.

3.现在,孙宁是这家公司的总经理;她说她随时准备接受新的挑战。

Sun Ning is now the general manager of the company. She said

she was ready to take on new challenges anytime.

13. 时尚Fashion

例一要点:

1.我是个中学生;上周我设计了一件上衣、一条裙子和一双靴子;

I am a middle school student. Last week I designed a coat, a skirt

and a pair of boots.

2.黑色的上衣是用羊毛制成的,长而漂亮;红色的裙子也是用羊毛制

成的,适合在秋天穿;靴子是短筒皮靴,与衣服很相配;

The black coat is made of wool. It is long and beautiful.The red

skirt is made of wool too. It is good for autumn. The boots are

short and are made of leather. They match the clothes very

well.

3.我非常喜爱它们。

I love them very much.

例二要点:

1.上星期六,我们班举办了一场时装表演;我们都穿着20世纪不同

年代的服装;

Last Saturday, our class held a fashion show. We all wore clothes

from different times in the 20th century.

2.海伦的衣服看上去色彩鲜艳,是20世纪80年代的款式;约翰看起

来很休闲,穿着蓝黄相间的运动衣和一双色彩鲜艳的运动鞋;

20世纪90年代的年轻人喜欢穿运动鞋。

Helen looked colourful. Her clothes were from the 1980s. John

looked very relaxed. He wore blue-and-yellow sports clothes and a pair of colourful trainers. Young people in the 1990s liked wearing trainers.

14. 帮助他人Helping others

例一要点:

1.我的表妹朱迪在大学里加入了志愿者工程;她在中国西北部的一所

小学里当老师,为期一年;

My cousin Judy has taken part in a volunteer project in her

college.

She works as a primary school teacher in North-west China for one year.

2.她教学生语文、英语和数学;有时候还教他们唱歌;她还让他们读

很多书;

She teaches the students Chinese ,English and Maths

She sometimes teaches them songs. She also gives them a lot of books to read

3.朱迪认为,对大学生们来说,给贫困地区的孩子们上课是件非常有

意义的事;通过这种方式,他们能够帮助当地人改善自己的

生活。

Judy thinks it is meaningful for college students to teach children in poor areas.

In this way, they can help the local people improve their lives.

例二要点:

1.小伟,一名九年级的学生,从上个月起就生病住院了;医生说手术

也许能够挽救他;

Xiao Wei, a Grade 9 student, has been ill in hospital since last

month. The doctor says an operation may save him.

2.但是手术要花费三十多万元;小伟的父母都是农民,他们没有足够

的钱;然而,对小伟而言,尽快手术很重要;

But it will cost over 300,000 yuan.

Xiao Wei’s parents are both farmers. They do not have enough money. However, it is important for Xiao Wei to have the

operation as soon as possible.

3.如果我们都能伸出援助之手,也许他会很快康复。

If all of us can give a helping hand, he may get well again soon.

15. 电视TV

例一要点:

1.我校的学生喜欢各种电视节目;

The students in our school like different kinds of TV programmes.

2.安妮塔是七年级的学生,最喜欢《动物世界》;她哥哥汤姆在八年

级,最喜欢《体育城》;

Anita is a Grade 7 student. Her favourite programme is Animal

World.

Her elder brother Tom is in Grade 8. His favourite programme is Sports City.

3.他们每天看一小时电视,从电视节目中,他们学到了许多书本上学

不到的东西。

They watch TV for one hour every day. From TV programmes they’ve learned a lot that can’t be learned from books.

例二要点:

1.今天是个非常令人激动的日子;我和表兄一起参加了一个电视竞赛

节目;

Today is a very exciting day. My cousin and I took part in a TV

game show.

2.在节目中,我们要合作回答各种关于体育知识的问题;节目开始前,

我感到很紧张,但是我和表兄好好地做了准备;我们答对了

大部分问题;最后,我们获得最高分,赢得了比赛;

On the show we had to work together to answer all kinds of

questions about sports.

Before the show I felt quite nervous, but my cousin and I

prepared well.

We answered most of the questions correctly.

Finally, we got the top score and won the show.

3.我的家人都很高兴。

My family are all very happy.

16. 迪斯尼乐园Disneyland

例一要点:

1.我和父母在香港已经三天了,在这儿过得很愉快;

My parents and I have been in Hong Kong for three days.

We are having a good time here.

2.今天,我们在迪斯尼乐园度过了一整天;它是个著名的主题公园,

共有四个不同的区域,我们一一参观了;最后,我们观看了

一场烟火表演;

Today, we spent the whole day at Disneyland.

It is a famous theme park. It has four different areas. We visited all of them.

At the end of the day, we watched a fireworks show.

3.我拍了许多照片,回去后会给朋友们看。

I took a lot of photos there. I will show them to my friends when I

get back.

例二要点:

1.上星期六我们乘地铁去了迪斯尼乐园;

Last Saturday we went to Disneyland by underground.

2.我们先在大门口拍照,然后参观了乐园里的四个区域;下午,当迪

斯尼人物开始游行时,我们非常激动;它是一天中最精彩的

部分;游行后,我们观看了一部4D电影;

First we took photos at the entrance.

Then we visited the four areas inside.

We were very excited when a parade of Disney characters began later in the afternoon.

It was the best part of the day.

After the parade, we watched a 4-D film.

3.我们在乐园里待了大约八个小时,它可真是激动人心的一天。

We stayed at the park for about 8 hours..

It was a really exciting day.

17. 环境保护Environmental protection

例一要点:

1.污染是当今世界最严峻的问题之一;很多地方,垃圾被扔进了湖泊

和河流;因此,很多湖泊和河流都遭受了污染;

Pollution is one of the biggest problems in the world today.

In many places, rubbish is thrown into lakes and rivers.

So many of them are polluted.

2.有些城市,空气中都充满了污染;这导致人们生病;和人类一样,

动物们也深受其害;

In some cities, the air is filled with pollution. This makes people

ill.

As well as people, animals are harmed by pollution.

3.如果我们不行动起来保护环境,将会有更多的生物死于污染。

If we do not act to protect the environment, more living things will be killed by pollution.

例二要点:

1.瑞士高山环绕,湖水清澈湛蓝,非常美丽;

Switzerland is beautiful with high mountains and clean blue

lakes.

2.在瑞士,玻璃、塑料和纸张等物品都是分类收集,然后进行回收的;

即使是旧的衣服、鞋子都能被回收再利用;

In Switzerland, things like glass, plastic and paper are separated

into different groups and then recycled.

Even old clothes and shoes can be recycled.

The government has many laws to protect the environment

3.政府有很多法律来保护环境;比如,人们不能砍伐树木,否则将会

受到惩罚;记住,每个人都可以做一些改变。

For example, people are not allowed to cut down trees.

Otherwise, they will be punished.

Remember that everyone can do something to make a difference.

18.保护动物Protecting animals

例一要点:

1.扎龙自然保护区是世界上最重要的湿地之一;许多鸟儿生活在那

里;湿地里鱼很多,鸟儿很容易找到食物;

Zhalong Nature Reserve is one of the world’s most important

wetlands. Many birds live there. There are many fish in the

wetland, so the birds can easily find food.

2.现在,越来越多的鸟儿因为没有足够的生存空间而处于危险当中;

它们中的许多已经死掉了;

More and more birds are now in danger because they do not

have enough living space. Lots of them have died.

3.中国政府竭力保护这些濒危鸟类;它们在像扎龙这样的保护区会是

安全的。

The Chinese government wants to protect these endangered

birds. They can be safe in reserves like Zhalong.

例二要点:

1.我们喜欢观鸟;每年两次统计鸟儿的数量,以研究鸟儿在数量方面

的变化;

We like birdwatching. We do a bird count twice a year to study

the changes in bird numbers.

2.现在我们邀请学生们帮忙;需要更多的人帮我们统计鸟儿的数量;

We are now inviting students to help. We need more people to

help us count.

3.许多人不知道湿地的重要性;我们希望这则信息会有助于他们理

解;让他们采取行动保护野生动物。

Many people do not understand the importance of the wetlands.

We hope this information will help them understand. It may

make them take action to protect wildlife.

19. 自然灾难Natural disasters

例一要点:

1.地震开始时我正在图书馆里;

I was in the library when the earthquake started.

2.地面开始猛烈地摇晃;我试图往外跑,但玻璃碎片和砖头砸了下来,

墙开始坍塌;

The earth started to shake hard .

I tried to run outside, but pieces of glass and bricks fell down, and

the walls began to come down.

3.最后,响声和摇动都停了下来;

Finally, the noise and shaking ended.

4.我意识到自己的一条腿被卡住了;我担心没人会发现我,所以尖声

呼救;好在一条狗发现了我,有人把我拉了出去。

I realized my leg was trapped. I was afraid that no one would find

me. I screamed for help.

Luckily, a dog found me and someone pulled me out.

例二要点:

1.上周三,暴风雪袭击了北京;放学后,贝蒂和她的朋友艾米合撑一

把伞,走向公交车站;

A snowstorm hit Beijing last Wednesday.

After school, Betty shared an umbrella with her friend, Amy, and they walked to the bus stop.

2.天气真是坏极了;突然,一阵大风从身后刮来,她们在大风中弄丢

了伞,她们俩几乎跌倒,只能在暴风雪中慢慢地走向公交车

站;

The weather was really terrible.

Suddenly, a strong wind came from behind.

They lost their umbrella in the wind and nearly fell over.

They had to walk slowly through the storm to the bus stop

3.最后,她们上了一辆公交车回家了。

At last, they got on a bus and went home.时尚Fashion

例一要点:

1.我是个中学生;上周我设计了一件上衣、一条裙子和一双靴子;

I am a middle school student. Last week I designed a coat, a skirt

and a pair of boots.

2.黑色的上衣是用羊毛制成的,长而漂亮;红色的裙子也是用羊毛制

成的,适合在秋天穿;靴子是短筒皮靴,与衣服很相配;

The black coat is made of wool. It is long and beautiful.The red

skirt is made of wool too. It is good for autumn. The boots are

short and are made of leather. They match the clothes very

well.

3.我非常喜爱它们。

I love them very much.

例二要点:

1.上星期六,我们班举办了一场时装表演;我们都穿着20世纪不同

年代的服装;

Last Saturday, our class held a fashion show. We all wore clothes

from different times in the 20th century.

2.海伦的衣服看上去色彩鲜艳,是20世纪80年代的款式;约翰看起

来很休闲,穿着蓝黄相间的运动衣和一双色彩鲜艳的运动鞋;

20世纪90年代的年轻人喜欢穿运动鞋。

Helen looked colourful. Her clothes were from the 1980s. John

looked very relaxed. He wore blue-and-yellow sports clothes and a pair of colourful trainers. Young people in the 1990s liked wearing trainers.

20. 文化Culture

例一要点:

1.第一次见面,英国人通常会说“你好”或者“很高兴认识你”,与

你握手;

British people usually say “hello”or “nice to meet you”and

shake your hands when they meet you for the first time.

2.在公共场合,他们举止得体;他们认为插队是无理的行为,他们总

是排队;在家中他们也非常有礼貌;

They behave politely in public. They think it’s rude to push in

before others. They always queue. They are very polite at

home as well.

3.“入乡随俗”;当我们在一个陌生的地方,我们的行为举止应当像

当地人一样。

“When in Rome, do as the Romans do.”When we are in a strange place, we should do as the local people do.

例二要点:

1.我们能在很多地方,比如医院、博物馆、街道、公园见到各类公共

标志;通常,它们颜色鲜明,用图形表达;

We can see different public signs in places like hospitals,

museums, streets, and parks. They are often bright in colour

and have pictures on them.

2.大多数公共标志能给我们提供有用的信息;它们能帮我们找路,告

诉我们周围的地点;它们提醒我们远离危险,告诫我们不能

做某事;比如,在艺术博物馆里我们总能看到“禁止拍照”

的标志。

Most of them give us useful information.

They help us find our way and tell us about the places around us.

They keep us safe from danger and warn us not to do sth.

For example, we can always see the sign “No photos”in an art museum

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