软法视野下的欧盟体育政策

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软法视野下的欧盟体育政策

作者:杨卫东蔡骞

来源:《体育学刊》2012年第01期

摘要:对软法基本表现形态之一的体育政策在欧盟的适用情况和相关经验进行了分析;

介绍了欧盟体育政策的发展历史。欧盟运用软法调整体育事务的原因:欧盟缺乏体育政策的法律基础,利用软法可以照顾到体育领域的独特性从而保证调整的弹性和敏感性,以及得到体育组织的支持。最后,从体育政策的制定主体,体育政策的表现形式,体育政策规范的内容、制定过程和效力上等几方面对相关经验进行分析总结。

关键词:体育法;软法;体育政策;民主协商;欧盟

中图分类号:G80 文献标识码:A 文章编号:1006-7116(2012)01-0066-03

EU sport policies from the perspective of soft law

YANG Wei-dong,CAI Qian

(School of Physical Education,Soochow University,Suzhou 215006,China)

Abstract: The author analyzed the circumstances of application of sport policies as one of the basic forms of ex-pression of soft law in the European Union and related experiences, described the history of development of EU sport policies. The reason for the EU to apply soft law to adjust sport matters: the EU is lacking in a legal foundation for sport policies, while utilizing soft law can take care of the uniqueness of the sport area and thus ensure the elas-ticity and sensitivity of adjustment, and gain the support of sport organizations. Lastly, the author analyzed and summarized related experiences in sport policy establishment subject, sport policy expression form, sport policy standardization content, establishment process and effect.

Key words: sport law;soft law;sport policy;democratic consultation;EU

欧盟是软法有效应用的典范,在欧洲一体化进程中,软法在环保、信息技术、金融、劳工、消费者保护以及体育等经济、社会领域得到了广泛的应用,有力推动了这些领域的创新与发展,其最明显的运用机制是开放协调机制。目前,开放协调机制已成为协调欧盟与成员国、

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