The effect of different normalizing temperature on microstructure and mechanics properties of medium carbon low-alloy
Abstract: Different normalizing temperature leads to many changes on the microstructure and mechanical properties of metallic material. It is necessary to analyze what are the effects of different normalizing temperature on microstructure and mechanics properties of medium carbon low-alloy by Vickers hardness tester, Scanning electron microscope(SEM) and universal testing machine .It is Clearly known that as normalizing temperature increases, the size of the microstructure crystallite slightly grow up, at the same time，the shape of pearlite changes from strip-type to round state significantly . Normalizing material microstructure is constitute of pearlite and ferrite; The tensile strength of specimen is increasing from beginning to end, especially the tensile strength increases sharply while the normalizing temperature rise from 810℃ to 840 ℃. It is attributed to the pearlite having enough time to grow up and change from strip-type to round state. However，the overall trend of impact toughness is increasing with the normalizing temperature rising except a little fluctuations ; when normalizing temperature is 840 ℃, and the time of austenization as long as 30min, it can obtain the steel K55 with the good mechanics properties，it is constitute of ferrite and pearlite , the value of impact energy is greater than 104J at 0 ℃ impact testing , its tensile strength is 718 Mpa which meets the property requirements for API SPEC 5CT of K55 steel .
Key word：microstructure；normalizing treatment；fracture surface；tensile property ；impact toughness