定语从句

定语从句

1.定语从句的定义:用作定语的从句叫定语从句。

2.先行词:被定语从句所修饰的名词或代词。

3.定语从句的位置:紧跟先行词(名词或代词)之后。

4.引导词:引导定语从句的词(包括关系代词和关系副词)。

﹙1﹚关系代词:that/who/whom/which/as

﹙2﹚关系副词:when/where/why

5.引导词的位置:位于定语从句之前(先行词之后)。【as除外】

6.引导词的功能(作用):

﹙1﹚连接先行词和定语从句。(相当于桥梁)

I like the book (which I bought). 我喜欢(我买的)这本书

﹙2﹚在定语从句中充当一定的成分(关系代词充当主语或宾语,关系副词充当状语)。

This is the man (who studied with me). (关系代词做主语)

This is the man (with whom I studied). (关系代词做宾语)

=This is the man (whom I studied with).

这就是那个(和我一起学习的)男人。

①直接由引导词引导定语从句

The man (who you’re talking to ) is my friend.

那个(你正在交谈的)男人是我的朋友。

②由介词+关系代词(whom/which)引导

该介词通常可以放在关系代词之前,也可放在从句之尾。

The man (to whom you’re talking )is my friend.

那个你(正在交谈的)男人是我的朋友。

I need a pencil (with which I can write a letter)--很地道

= I need a pencil (which I can write a letter with).

我需要一只(能用来写信的)笔。

I need a piece of paper (on which I can write a letter).---很地道

=I need a piece of paper (which I can write a letter on).

我需要一张(能用来写信的)纸。

The man (who/whom/that 都可以) I talked about at the meeting is from Peking University.

=The man (about whom I talked at the meeting)is from Peking University.

(我在会议上提到的那个)男士来自北京大学

The palace (which/that 都可以) I often pay a visit to was built in the 17th century. =The palace to which I often pay a visit was built in the 17th century.

(我常去拜访的)那个宫殿修建于17世纪。

每个动词都有很多的介词搭配,比如:look at, look up ,look into, look down,look forward 等

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