1. What did the woman leave in the taxi?
A. A hat.
B. A T-shirt.
C. A sweater.
2. How much did the woman pay for the dress?
A. 10 dollars.
B. 30 dollars.
C. 40 dollars.
3. What does the man often put on a Christmas tree?
A. A doll.
B. A star.
C. An angel.
4. What does Gina tell Sam to do?
A. Scratch his arm even more.
B. Buy some special medicine.
C. Sleep with the windows shut.
5. What does the man imply about the woman in the end?
A. She always buys new clothes.
B. She should do the laundry herself.
C. She needs a new washing machine.
6. What does the woman want the man to do?
A. Put off spring break.
B. See some western art.
C. Drive her to the exhibit.
7. What is the relationship between the speakers?
A. Mother and son.
B. Brother and sister.
C. Taxi driver and passenger.
8. Why did Teresa raise her hand the first time?
A. She had a question.
B. She needed to relax her arm.
C. She wanted to use the bathroom.
9. What did Mr. Johnson ask the class to do?
A. Turn to page 55.
B. Copy a famous painting.
C. Ask questions later on.
10. When will the film be shown?
A. At the end of class.
B. In less than one minute.
C. After Teresa gets back.
11. What did the man start doing two years ago?
B. Raising money.
C. Saving wild animals.
12. Why is the man tired?
A. He took care of a bear all night.
B. He stayed up sending emails.
C. He graded a lot of homework.
13. What does the man say about the bears at the end of the conversation?
A. They are dirty.
B. They are cool.
C. They are lovely.
14. Why isn’t Cindy studying for the test?
A. She is too tired.
B. She has a headache.
C. She can’t find her book.
15. What does Bob offer to do for Cindy in the end?
A. Call her a taxi.
B. Cover her head.
C. Give her some hot water.
16. Where does the conversation take place?
A. At home.
B. At a doctor’s.
C. In a classroom.
17. What are Christmas crackers?
A. Paper tubes with a gift inside.
B. A kind of Christmas food.
C. Toys with loud sound.
18. What do all three British Christmas desserts have in common?
A. They all look and taste about the same.
B. They are all made out of nuts and dried fruit.
C. They are all similar to the American fruitcake.
19. What is American fruitcake similar to?
A. Christmas cake.
B. Christmas pudding.
C. Sweet pie.
20. What is the speaker mainly talking about?
A. Christmas traditions in England.
B. A special Christmas dinner.
C. Interesting plays.
21. Elizabeth shows great ______ in her choice of friends, so she has a lot of trustworthy
22. Our school holds seminars for students at regular intervals ______ the potential of their future
23. —May I speak to Alan, please?
—Sorry, wrong number. There isn’t Alan ______ here.
24. Trains to Nantong now only come to the outer city limits, because building the railway tracks
into the city ______ many old buildings.
A. would have damaged
C. should have damaged
D. has damaged
25. ______ Jack gets home after school is calculated so that Mum can ensure him warm meals.
26. —What did the teacher recommend for appreciating the classic yesterday?
—______ the movie before reading the book.
A. To see
B. Having seen
C. To have seen
27.Sue was greatly inspired though she made ______improvements in her English writing.
28. Senior 3 students in our school are motivated to study harder and evaluated on a monthly basis
to find out how they ______.
A. have been learning
B. will learn
C. had learnt
29. ______ to pension and free medical care, senior citizens in our village are properly looked
after and live happy lives.
B. Being entitled
D. Having entitled
30.V arieties of magazines and research papers are ______ with t he aim of feeding readers’
appetite for specific knowledge.
A. put out
B. made out
C. laid out
D. taken out
31.China is sure to further reduce the poor rural population by over 10 million ______ we
Chinese work hard together.
A. if only
B. even if
C. as long as
D. for fear that
32. —What’s the weather forecast for tomorrow?
—Sorry, I was on the phone and ______ most of it.
A. had missed
C. would miss
D. was missing
33.The new system introduced last month is not working very effectively ______ professional
A. in place of
B. in case of
C. in terms of
D. in defense of
34. —Did your boss adopt your idea?
—No, he just laughed and ______ it as impossible.
35. —What’s the matter with you, Jennifer?
—Just a bad dream, ______.
A. that’s OK
B. that’s it
C. that’s right
D. that’s all
I spent 15 years trying to make it in the m usic industry. As a teenager, I’d work any odd job to 36 time in a recordin g studio. I knocked on managers’ doors and sent out demo (样本唱片) after demo, but I got nowhere. In 2007, I 37 a song called This Is My Dream. It was a song about never giving up. I just 38 all of my frustrations at the keyboard.
Over the next five years, the music39 never materialized and I nearly stopped. Then, in 2012, I 40 the song to a music-sharing website. I didn’t think anything more would come of it, but just wanted someone to41 my music.
Later that year, I received an email 42 from Universal Music in Hong Kong, requesting a(n)43 for the song. I negotiated a contract for $5,000 for the use of the song and 44
straight away. My first record deal had appeared out of nowhere. I was pretty excited. The song was a(n)45 and I was contacted by HKTV who invited me to go to Hong Kong to 46 .
When it was my time to go on the stage, there were huge cheers and all I could see was a sea of lights. I was 47 in the moment. It’s only when I 48 the footage（录像）that I realize what was going on around me. It was the49 I had been waiting for my entire life.
After coming off stage, I had photographers and journalists 50 to interview me and hundreds of people 51 to have their photograph taken with me. The next morning, I found out my song had gone to number one in the iTunes chart in Hong Kong, 52 Lady Gaga.
Life can 53 you. I had knocked on doors for years, yet my moment came when the opportunity called me. It has reinspired my 54 for music. Hopefully the ball will keep rolling. After all those odd jobs and weekends spent in recording studios, this has made it all 55 .
36. A. allocate B. afford C. save D. kill
37. A. copied B. found C. wrote D. heard
38. A. let out B. took in C. got over D. held back
39. A. appreciation B. concept C. career D. interest
40. A. uploaded B. lost C. sold D. abandoned
41. A. promote B. notice C. study D. exploit
42. A. unconsciously B. immediately C. naturally D. unexpectedly
43. A. discount B. application C. reward D. license
44. A. signed up B. gave in C. dropped out D. took over
45. A. mess B. trial C. hit D. trick
46. A. guide B. compete C. comment D. perform
47. A. trapped B. interested C. rooted D. lost
48. A. think back to B. look back at C. hold on to D. glance down at
49. A. opportunity B. challenge C. possibility D. advantage
50. A. hesitating B. battling C. rejecting D. complaining
51. A. rang B. queued C. agreed D. claimed
52. A. moving B. ignoring C. disturbing D. beating
53. A. upset B. inspire C. drown D. surprise
54. A. curiosity B. anxiety C. passion D. admiration
55. A. fruitless B. worthwhile C. demanding D. controversial
Don’t just visit, walk in WONDER
A. The Sorrento Peninsula.
B. Puerto de Soller.
D. Savage River Lodge.
57. How does the leaflet recommend the tourist destinations?
A. By comparing different prices.
B. By introducing their features.
C. By telling their historical stories.
D. By listing thoughtful services.
Symbolic communication in the form of language underlies our unique ability to reason — or the conventional wisdom holds so. A new study published in Science, though, suggests our capacity to reason logically may not actually depend on language, at least not fully. The findings show babies still too young to speak can reason and make reasonable deductions.
The authors—a team from several European institutions—studied infants (婴儿) aged 12 and 19 months, when language learning and speech production has just begun but before complex mastery has been achieved. The children had to inspect distinct objects repeatedly—such as a dinosaur and a flower. The items were initially hidden behind a black wall. In one set of experiments the animation (动漫) would show a cup scooping (舀出) up the dinosaur. Half of the time, the barrier would then be removed to reveal, as expected, the remaining flower. In the rest of the instances, though, the wall would disappear and a second dinosaur would be there.
The children deduced in these latter occurrences that something was not quite right, even though they were unable to express in words what was wrong. Eye-tracking—a commonly used technique to judge mental abilities in preverbal (语前的) children and apes—showed infants stared significantly longer at scenes where the unexpected object appeared behind the barrier, suggesting they were confused by the reveal. “Our results indicate that the acquisition of logical vocabulary might not be the source of the most fundamental logical building blocks in the mind,” says lead study author NicolóCesana-Arlotti. A major component of human logic, he notes, relates to thinking about alternative possibilities and eliminating inconsistent ones: Does the
dinosaur sit behind the barrier or does the flower? In a formal logic this is called a disjunctive syllogism (析取三段论): A or B; not if A, therefore B.
Cesana-Arlotti acknowledges his findings do not deny the importance of language and symbolic communication to human brain development, and to our evolutionary backstory. Yet the new research suggests that perhaps it is not entirely necessary to shape the brain’s logical reasoning capacities. He plans further work studying how logic before the development of language might still differ from reasoning abilities that appear once language comes along, as language may open additional reasoning abilities unavailable to the speechless brain.
“To our knowledge, nobody has ever directly documented logical reasoning in 12-month-old infants before,” he adds.
58.We can learn from the new study published in Science that ______.
A. the ability to reason logically is unique to humans
B. babies are too young to make reasonable deductions
C. language is not a requirement for some basic reasoning
D. the new findings correspond with the conventional ideas
59. The researchers draw the conclusion from the fact that ______.
A. the infants were aware of illogical outcomes
B. the infants inspected distinct objects over and again
C. the infants were very sensitive to the removal of the barrier
D. the infants showed interest in the appearance of the dinosaur
60. The underlined word “eliminating” in Paragraph 3 probably means “______”.
61. According to the text, what will Cesana-Arlotti study further?
A. The mental development of babies.
B. The initial state of logic in the mind.
C. Distinctions between verbal and preverbal logic.
D. Additional reasoning abilities of the speechless brain.
People love spreading information and sharing opinions. You can see this online: every day, 4 million new blogs are written, 80 million new photos are uploaded and 616 million new tweets are released into cyberspace. We experience a burst of pleasure when we share our thoughts, and this drives us to communicate. It is a useful feature of our brain, because it ensures that knowledge, experience and ideas do not get buried with the person who first had them, and that as a society we benefit from the products of many minds.
Of course, in order for that to happen, merely sharing is not enough. We need to cause a reaction. Each time we share our opinions and knowledge, it is with the intention of having an impact on others. Here’s the problem, though: we approach this task from inside our own heads. But if we want to have an impact on others, we need to understand what goes on inside their head.
What determines whether you affect the way others think and behave or are ignored? You may assume that numbers and statistics are what you need to change their point of view. Well, experiments have pointed to the reality that people are not driven by facts. They are not enough to alter beliefs, and they are practically useless for motivating action. Consider climate change: there are mountains of data indicating that humans play a role in warming the globe, yet approximately 50% of the world’s population doesn’t believe it. What about health? Hundreds of studies show
that exercise is good for you and people believe this to be so, yet this knowledge fails miserably at getting many to step on a treadmill (跑步机).
The problem with an approach that prioritizes information is that it ignores the core of what makes us human: our motives, our fears, our hopes, our desires, our prior beliefs. In fact, the tsunami of information we are receiving today can make us even less sensitive to data because we’ve become accustomed to finding support for absolutely anything we want to believe with a simple click of the mouse. Instead, our need for agency, our craving to be right, and a longing to feel part of a group really count. It is those motivations we need to tap into to make a change, whether within ourselves or in others.
62. People love spreading information and sharing opinions because ______.
A. they often think their thoughts are superior to others’
B. they can provide a lasting pleasure of communication
C. they want to affect the behaviours and beliefs of others
D. they are able to understand others’ inner world better
63. The examples of climate change and health indicate that ______.
A. data and logical thi nking aren’t bound to change minds
B. numbers and statistics are persuasive enough to others
C. people’s deeds and minds don’t agree with each other
D. people are fed up with huge amounts of data and studies
64. What does the writer stress in the passage?
A. Behaviors determine our beliefs.
B. Our desires shape what we believe.
C. We shouldn’t force our ideas on others.
D. Too much information serves no purpose.
April 2018, Manchester My dearest daughter,
As I looked across at you sitting on the sofa watching The X Factor, I noticed that you are no longer a child, and that having just celebrated your 14th birthday, you are now a young woman starting a journey into becoming an adult woman. As I looked at you, I remembered myself at 14, and the vastly different places we are beginning this journey from.
Your identity as a mixed-race young woman, with an English father and a Pakistani mother, has already influenced how you place yourself in this world. As yet, you are unaware of the personal struggles that I took at the age of 25 to marry. How it felt when my mother refused to come to my wedding. The sharp criticisms of the Asian community that such marriages do not work out and always end in divorce. The confidence I had to grow, as we chose to live in a multicultural community, as I refused to be shamed into living in the leafier white suburbs.
Then, at the age of 30, I became your mum with all the joys and struggles this brought, as I refused the Asian traditions for a new baby’s arrival. From your birth, your life could not have been more different from mine. I was brought up on a council estate, within a tight-knit extended Muslim family, through which poverty, racism and neglect were woven. I was never given the freedoms or the opportunity to experience new things. Now, as I hear you play your piano, I am grateful that you have these opportunities.
So many doors were closed to me as a young person, and as I fought for small steps of freedom, I soon learned that it was better to do what I wanted without the knowledge of my parents, and so deceit and deception (欺骗) became woven into my life too. The pressures to obey, to be a “good Muslim”girl and keep the family honour, were choking. Behind closed doors at home, the neglect and abuse took place. It was hidden, I felt the shame, lived with the fear and suffered alongside my sister and two younger brothers. Oh, the power we thought our parents had over us! I was convinced that one day my father would indeed beat us so hard that leaving us for dead, he would, as his threats said he would, bury us in the large back garden, and tell the school he had taken us back to Pakistan for good. My sister and I longed for a different blue sky to live under.
As a daughter of immigrant parents, I carried their hopes of a better education for their children – my own veins (血管) pulsing with the hard-work ethic (道德) and need to be grateful for the opportunity of a free education. And it was education that provided me with the strength to find my own blue sky. I fought to leave home to go to university at the age of 18, and never returned to live with my parents again.
Now as you explore your mixed-race heritage, which I hope we have supported you to do with visits to Pakistan and ensuring you go to multi-cultural schools, I want you to take the very best of all that is Asian with you as you become a woman.
The struggles of identity and belonging will come but I hope that we have given you a strong foundation from which to explore these struggles. All the opportunities and freedoms that I only dreamed of as a young woman, I have offered you. I have chosen a different path of loving you as my daughter, with an unconditional love that many consider “western”.
I want you to know that although your journey has been vastly different, I am excited as I watch you standing on the threshold (门槛) of becoming a woman for all the adventures and possibilities the future holds for you.
May you fly your blue sky with grace, confidence and hope as you find your place in this beautiful and crazy world.
Loving you now and always. Mommy
65. Mommy’s mother refused to attend her wedding party because ______.
A. she married against the wishes of her family
B. she was believed to fall victim to her marriage
C. she would leave the family to settle in the white suburbs
D. she would bring shame to the multicultural community
66. By “your life could not have been more different from mine”, Mommy means ______.
A. her childhood was no different from her daughter’s
B. her parents treated her the way she does her daughter
C. her daughter experienced the same traditions at birth with her
D. her daughter can enjoy the opportunities which she didn’t
67. What can be inferred from Mommy’s Muslim family life?
A. She suffered much abuse in the family.
B. She fought against her Muslim identity.
C. She was forced to drop out of school.
D. She behaved like a good Muslim girl.
68. Mommy sends her daughter to multi-cultural schools because ______.
A. they provide more opportunities and freedoms
B. her daughter can develop a sense of belonging
C. her daughter can explore the best of Asian heritage
D. they offer children a westernized way of education
69. Which of the following can best describe Mommy?
A. Outgoing, tolerant and realistic.
B. Determined, liberal and optimistic.
C. Conservative, tricky and aggressive.
D. Independent, arbitrary and ambitious
70. Mommy writes the letter to ______.
A. reveal the sufferings she had as a teenage girl
B. criticize the social prejudice in her community
C. emphasize the importance of family support
D. encourage her daughter to pursue her dream
We all have complaints about going to work. It’s expected: work takes up the majority of our waking day and it very much defines us. We often use our jobs as an introduction and a window into our lives when we meet someone—a job reflects who we are. It influences the clothes we wear, the holidays we take, where we live and how we feel about ourselves. Of course，it takes up sizeable amounts of time, focus and energy. We complain about getting on that rush-hour train or the way the boss speaks; we laugh about the pain of Monday mornings and the thrill of annual leave. But for many people, work has ceased to be simply a source of complaints or a joke.
But haven’t there always been tough roles, heavy workloads and overtime? Why has this work-related illness arisen now? From the research that has been carried out on this subject, workload is consistently cited (引用) as the most common reason for this ill health.
But as our jobs are not going to change any time soon, it’s time to change ou rselves. Mental-health experts often talk about resilience: the ability to cope, survive and bounce back from difficulties. Some is inborn, but resilience can be built and fostered (培养)—and certainly so in one’s working life.
We know that resilience at work is partly fostered by supportive relationships. So it is important to nurture healthy interpersonal relationships at work, whether that is through the support of a good manager or through friendship with work colleagues. Any supportive relationship you invest in at work will improve your stress levels.
Resilience can also be fostered by taking control. That is not easy in the face of a demanding boss or terrible workloads, so you might need to look for it elsewhere. Being able to take control in other areas of your life also leads to empowerment and grows your confidence. Control or change your journey to work, what you have for lunch or even who you sit with in the canteen.
Small changes may seem trivial (微不足道的), but they are super effective. Psychologists talk about micro-actions and these are incredibly powerful in the face of stress—changing controllable aspects of your life so that those repeated small successes foster self-esteem,
confidence and ultimately more success in the bigger areas of your life. It is also crucial not to let everything become about work. Look for micro-successes elsewhere, in your hobbies, your exercise goals and your life plan.
Our work appears to be making more and more of us unwell. But we all have the ability to make ourselves better.
Self-confidence is an attitude which allows individuals to have positive yet realistic views of themselves and their situations.
People who are not self-confident depend excessively on the approval of others in order to feel good about themselves. They tend to avoid taking risks because they fear failure. They generally do not expect to be successful. They often put themselves down and tend to discount or ignore compliments paid to them.
1—5 CBCCA 6—10 CBBCC 11—15 CAABB 16—20 AABBA
21—25 BBAAB 26—30 DAACA 31—35 CBCDD
36—40 BCACA 41—45 BDDAC 46—50 DDBAB 51—55 BDDCB
56—60 DBCAB 61—65 CCABA 66—70 DACBD
71. identity/ identities 72. aspects/ areas/ respects 73. mixed/ negative 74. rise
75. immediately/ instantly/ directly/ soon/ shortly/ swiftly/ promptly/ quickly
76. investment(s) 77. reach 78. build/ depend/ rely/ count/ rest
79. restrict/ limit 80. favour/ favor
One possible version:
Self-confidence is crucial to our development. However, lack of self-confidence is common among middle school students. Some dare not express themselves publicly while others think negatively or have poor capacity to handle problems.
Undoubtedly, embracing self-confidence is of tremendous significance to us middle school students. Being confident can help us overcome difficulties when we’re encountered with adversity and feel discouraged. With self-confidence, we may accomplish what seems to be impossible previously. Actually, it has been universally acknowledged that self-confidence is half of the success that can bring us courage to stick to what we do.
Given the importance of self-confidence to our success, we should spare no effort to cultivate and boost it. Setting specific and realistic goals can make us confident and hopeful about life. In addition, giving ourselves praise and reward for our achievements will lift our confidence level. With firm determination and courage we can become more confident.
M: Nice hat, Kendra. But what happened to your sweater? I thought you had one on this morning. W: Yes, but I got hot and left it in a taxi. At least it’s a perfect T-shirt day.
M: Which dress did you finally decide to buy at the clothing store?
W: Well, I was going to buy the black one, but it was 40 dollars. I thought it was a little expensive.
So I bought another one instead and it saved me 10 dollars.
W: What’s that at the top of your tree? It looks like a Barbie doll.
M: That’s an angel. Every Christmas tree should have an a ngel at the top.
W: Oh. We always just put a star at the top of ours.
W: Stop scratching your arm, Sam.
M: I can’t help it, Gina. It’s so hot outside, and the bugs just love me this year!
W: Well, I hope you close the windows tonight. Here, put on this medicine.
M: Back already? I thought you had three baskets of clothes to wash.
W: I did. And I still do. All the machines were full.
M: That’s too bad. I guess you’ll have to go shopping again. Those clothing shops must love you.
M: D idn’t you want to go to the western art museum? I thought you were interested in cowboys. W: I only wanted to go there because it’s free. Oh, and it’s really close to home. But now I’m interested in the modern art exhibit.
M: That’s a three-hour drive from here! And it’ll be so crowded there.
W: But mom gave me fifty dollars to spend on my spring break. And I really want to go.
M: I’m not sure I can drive you there, Linda. My spring break is a week later than yours.
W: I know. But we could go on the weeken d. Come on! It’s a nice drive, Sam.
M: OK. I guess that’s what big brothers are for.
M: Yes, Teresa? Did you have a question?
W: Oh, sorry, Mr. Johnson. I was just stretching.
M: You raised your hand…
W: Yes, I just had a little pain in my arm from all the careful notes I’ve taken. I know you said to save all questions for the end of class. Sorry for the confusion.
M: No wonder you had to stretch! OK, class. I was just telling you about the emperor kneeling in the snow. We’ve seen this before in a famous painting. If you’ll just turn to page 54 in your textbooks… Yes, Teresa? Do you have another pain in your arm?
W: No, Mr. Johnson. I was wondering if I could use the restroom.
M: No need to ask, Teresa. Just go ahead next time. Please come back quick ly. I don’t want to start the short film until you’re back with us.
W: Thank you, Mr. Johnson. I’ll be back in less than two minutes.
W: You look exhausted, Carl. Shouldn’t you be more rested since classes are out?
M: I wish! I do feel better without all that homework to grade and students to send emails to, but
I just have a lot of work to do right now.
W: What’s going on?
M: Well, it all started when we found this baby bear in our garage. We took it in and raised it. W: Wait…you have a pet bear? I’ll bet it’s lovely!
M: No. That was two years ago. We let it go to live in the forest with the other bears. The problem is, every spring, people bring us baby bears from their garages to raise. All summer, we feed them, clean up after them, and play with them. I was up all night with a hungry “baby”.
W: What a lot of work! I guess it’s part of living next to the forest.
M: Well, we love animals, you know. And this year, we’re hoping to raise some money for equipment and food. You wouldn’t believe how many a pples a young bear can eat!
W: What else do you buy?