南阳市八所普高协作统考2007-2008学年春季期中考试

南阳市八所普高协作统考2007-2008学年春季期中考试

二年级英语卷

注意事项:1、本试卷分第Ⅰ卷和第Ⅱ卷两部分,共150分,考试时间为120分钟。

2、答第Ⅰ卷之前,先将第Ⅱ卷密封线内的项目写清楚。

3、请把第Ⅰ卷中你认为正确选项的代号填写在第Ⅱ卷上方答题栏内。

若使用答题卡,请在答题卡将相应的选项涂黑。

第Ⅰ卷选择题

一、听力(20分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

请听下面5段对话,选出最佳选项。

1.How many colds has the man had?

A.Two. B.Five. C.Six.

2.What does the man want to order?

A.50 TV sets. B.15 computers. C.50 personal computers. 3.What is the woman thinking about?

A.Getting an extra job. B.Doing better in her job.

C.Changing her job.

4.What does the woman want to do probably?

A.Walk. B.Write. C.Work.

5.Where did the conversation take place?

A.In a office. B.In a bank C.In a shop.

第二节:(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6.What is the man complaining about?

A.The entrance charge for the night club is too high.

B.He is not allowed into the night club free.

C.He does not like Sammy Davis junior.

7.When does the dialogue take place?

A.In the morning. B.In the afternoon.

C.In the evening.

听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。

8.When are they having the conversation?

A.At the end of winter. B.At the end of summer.

C.At the beginning of winter.

9.What can we learn about Ann?

A.She didn’t fall ill at all. B.She caught a cold after Mary.

C.She caught a cold before Mary.

10.What is the possible relationship between the two speakers?

A.Husband and wife. B.Brother and sister.

C.Friends.

听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。

11.Where are they talking?

A.In a factory. B.In a department store.

C.In a lab.

12.How many workshops have they visited by the end of the conversation?

A.Three. B.Two. C.One.

13.What’s the man surprised at?

A.The quantity(数量)of the products of the factory.

B.The different designs of the toys.

C.Some models are light and others are heavy.

听第9段材料,回答第14至17题。

14.What is the man probably?

A.He is the organizer of the party.

B.He is a new student.

C.He is a professor in the university.

15.What is the purpose of the party?

A.To give some valuable advice.

B.To give some speeches.

C.To have some fun.

16.What shouldn’t be missed in the party?

A.Eating, dancing and chatting.

B.The pie they will be serving.

C.Wise words from the former students.

17.What is the other reason for the man to go to the party in the woman’s opinion?

A.There will be many pretty girls.

B.There will be delicious pie.

C.The people there are easy to make friends with.

听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。

18.If we boil away a cubic mile of seawater, how much gold can we get?

A.94 tons. B.40 tons. C.3 tons.

19.What material from the sea can we use in order to make glass or cement?

A.Seawater. B.Sand. C.Waste glass.

20.How many different kinds of materials does seawater contain?

A.About 14. B.Over 40. C.About 94.

二、单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

21. The success of this project _A_____ everyone making an effort.

A. relies on

B. cares for

C. reminds of

D. calls up

22. It’s only ___B__ that I know why she wasn’t feeling well all these days.

A. late

B. lately

C. latest

D. later

23. Mr. Smith and his wife ___A__ the housework and live happily.

A. share in

B. share with

C. share out

D. do their share for

24. The Inuit usually live in small family groups but have large summer gatherings for feasts

and celebrations they exchange stories.

A. when

B. that

C. where

D. which

25. ____C_ that evening was due to his ill health.

A. He failed to come

B. That he failed to coming

C. His failure to come

D. His failure in coming

26. ---David is still suffering from the injury.

---If only he in bed quietly as the doctor instructed.

A. lies

B. lay

C. has lain

D. had lain

27. Mr. Green announced ___D___ his friends his engagement _____ Miss White.

A. /; to B .to ;to C . /; with D .to; with

28. Greatly moved by her words, _____.

A. tears came to his eyes

B. he could hardly hold back his tears

C. tears could hardly be held back

D. his eyes were filled with tears

29. No effort should be _____ to make your dream ____.

A. made, come true

B. spared, realize

C. given, live

D. spared, come true

30. ---What about the wedding yesterday?

---Interesting! Going to a wedding in Italy is different from going to in the UK.

A. that

B. it

C. the one

D. one

31. Anyone who has been to Yandang Mountain in Zhejiang says it is more beautiful than

commonly .

A. supposing

B. supposed

C. being supposed

D. to be supposed

32. Perseverance is a kind of quality and that’s A it takes to do anything well.

A. what

B. that

C. which

D. why

33. ______ good, cookies made by the Smiths sell well in the market.

A. Smelled

B. Being smelled

C. Smelling

D. To smell

34.He gets the itch _____our understanding, and wants to keep in touch _____ us.

A. for; for

B. with; with

C. for; with

D. with; for

35. ---What’s the matter? You look so worried!

---My money can only for three days, but my father hasn’t posted me any.

A. hold up

B. hold out

C. hold back

D. hold on

三、完形填空(共20 小题; 每小题1.5分, 满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从36-55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项并在答题卡上将其涂黑。

I walked into the grocery store, not particularly interested in buying groceries. The pain of losing my 36 of 37 years was still too strong. And this grocery store held so many 37 memories.

Rudy often came with me and almost every time he’d 38 to go off and look for something 39 . I knew what he was up to. I’d always 40 him walking down the passage with three yellow 41 in his hands.

With a heart filled with 42 , I only wanted to buy my few items and leave, but even grocery shopping was 43 since Rudy passed away.

Standing by the meat, I remembered how Rudy had loved 44 . Suddenly a woman came beside me. I watched as she 45 a large pack of T-bones, dropped them in her basket, 46 , and then put them back. . She turned to go and once again 47 for the pack of steaks.

She saw me watching her and smiled. “My husband loves T-bones, but honestly, at these prices, I don’t know.” I swallowed my 48 . “My husband passed away eight days ago,” I told her.

I tried to 49 the tremble in my voice. “Buy him the steaks. And value every 50 you have together.” She shook her head and wheeled away.

After a while, I was buying some other things 51 I saw the lady coming towards me. On her face was the brightest smile I had 52 seen. “These are for you,” she said and placed three beautiful yellow roses in my arms. “When you go through the line, they’ll know these are paid for.” She leaned over and placed a gentle kiss on my cheek, then smiled again. I watched as she walked away, tears 53 my vision. How did she know? 54 the answer seemed so 55 : I wasn’t alone.

“Oh, Rudy, you haven’t forgotten me, have you?” I whispered, with tears in my eyes. He was still with me, and she was his angel.

36. A. daughter B. son C. husband D. mother

37. A. bitter B. frightening C. inspiring D. sweet

38. A. pretend B. agree C. determine D. hide

39. A. funny B. expensive C. delicious D. special

40. A. spot B. get C. consider D. have

41. A. bags B. boxes C. toys D. roses

42. A. surprise B. sadness C. joy D. amusement

43. A. interesting B. different C. impossible D. normal

44. A. fishes B. vegetables C. fruits D. steaks

45. A. picked up B. turned over C. put in D. took out

46. A. thought B. wandered C. hesitated D. returned

47. A. left B. searched C. desired D. reached

48. A. foods B.feelings C. pride D. anger

49. A. make B. present C. control D. break

50. A. chance B. moment C. meal D. shopping

51. A. unless B. as C. after D. when

52. A. ever B. hardly C. never D. almost

53. A. opening B. pushing C. clouding D. catching

54. A. Suddenly B. Fortunately C. Expectedly D. Hardly

55. A. exciting B. clear C. confusing D. amazing

第三部分阅读理解 (共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

A.

I don't know anyone who doesn't want a real life filled with love. In order for this to happen, the effort must start within us. Rather than waiting for other people to provide the love we desire, we must be a vision and source of love. We must tap(发掘,利用,开发) our own loving-kindness in order to set an example for others to follow.

It has been said that" the shortest distance between two points is an intention. "This is certainly true with regard to a life filled with love. The starting point or foundation of a life filled with love is the desire and commitment to be a source of love. Our attitude, choices, acts of kindness, and willingness to be the first reach-out will take us toward this goal. The next time you find yourself frustrated(受挫)at the lack of love in your own life or at the lack of love in the world, try an experiment. Forget about the world and other people for a few minutes. Instead, look into your own heart. Can you become a source of greater love? Can you think loving thoughts for yourself and others? Can you extend these loving thoughts outward the rest of the world-even to people whom you feel don't deserve it?

By opening your heart to the possibility of greater love, and by making yourself a source of love( rather than getting love) as a top priority (重点), you will be taking an important step in getting the love you desire. You'11 also discover something truly remarkable. The more love you give, the more you will receive. As you put more emphasis on being a loving person, which is something you can control and less emphasis on receiving love, which is something you can't control, you'll find that you have plenty of love in your life. Soon you' 11 discover one of the greatest secrets in the world: Love is its own reward.

56. According to the passage, the goal of real life is to ______.

A.set an example for others to follow

B.make the shortest distance between two points

C. have a plain attitude to our life

D. fill our life with love

57. If you find yourself frustrated at the lack of love in your life you should _______.

A. forget all about the unhappy things

B. try hard to get more love from others

C. try to make yourself a great source of love

D. care for yourself instead of others

58. According to the idea of the passage, you will find plenty of love in your life as _______.

A. you become a loving person

B. you become a loved person

C. you discovered the secrets in the world

D. you forget the world and other people

59.The best title of the passage is _______ .

A. More Giving, More Receiving

B. Fill Your Life with Love

C. Love is the Reward of Love

D. More Giving than Given

B

Have you thought about what might have happened if American President Kennedy was saved in 1963? Impossible, you’ll say. Kennedy w as killed in Dallas, Texas, on 22nd November, 1963, and that’s an end to it.

But what would happen if he came back to life? That’s what the “stuff books” are made

of. In 1988 an American named George Bernau wrote a book of this kind. The book is called “P romises to Keep”. It was thought of as the best one of the kind. He made the book like real life. The story was so interesting that it kept readers turning the page till the end though it had over 800 pages.

In fact we know that John F. Kennedy was killed and never came back to life. In this book, he comes back to life, and the story begins from there.

The book set readers thinking, not especially about Kennedy’s killing, but about what would happen after.

60. What kind of book is “Promises to Keep”?

A. A k ind of study of Kennedy’s killing.

B. An American horror novel.

C. A life story about Kennedy.

D. A story book developed from a true story.

61. The book “Promises to Keep” tells us ______.

A. how to write a “stuff book” like the one written by Ge orge Bernau

B. how to write about history

C. what would happen when Kennedy was brought back to life

D. how to make up a story about the presidents

62. Although the story is ______, readers like to read it very much.

A. not interesting

B. long

C. sad

D. not exciting

63. The book not only keeps the readers interested until the end, but make them ______.

A. feel terrible

B. stop thinking

C. laugh at something

D. think about something

64. The phrase “come back to life” means ______.

A. never die again

B. become alive again

C. know one is still living

D. live for ever

C

Some scientists say that animals in the ocean are increasingly threatened by noise pollution caused by human beings. The noise that affect sea creatures comes from a number of human activities. It is caused mainly by industrial underwater explosions, ocean drilling, and ship engines. Such noises are added to natural sounds. These sounds include the breaking of ice fields, underwater earthquakes, and sounds made by animals themselves.

Decibels(分贝)measured in water are different from those measured on land. A noise of one hundred and twenty decibels on land causes pain to human ears. In water, a decibel level of one hundred and ninety-five would have the same effect.

Some scientists have proposed setting a noise limit of one hundred and twenty decibels in oceans. They have observed that noises at that level can frightened and confuse whales.

A team of American and Canadian scientists discovered that loud noises can seriously injure some animals. The research team found that powerful underwater explosions were causing whales in the area to lose their hearing. This seriously affected the whales’ ability to exchange information and find their way. Some of the whales even died. The explosions had caused their ears to bleed and become infected.

Many researchers whose work depends on ocean sounds object to a limit of one hundred and twenty decibels. They say such a limit would mean an end to important industrial and scientific research.

Scientists do not know how much and what kinds of noises are harmful to ocean animals. However, many scientists suspect that noise is a greater danger than they believed. They want to prevent noises from harming creatures in the ocean.

65. According to the passage, which of the following is increasingly dangerous to sea creatures?

A. The man-made noises.

B. The noises made by themselves.

C. The sound of earthquakes.

D. The sound of the ice-breaking.

66. Which of the following is discussed in the second paragraph?

A. Different places with different types of noises.

B. The very human ears sensitive to all types of noises.

C. The same noise measured differently on land and in the ocean.

D. The ocean animal’s reaction to noises.

67. As to the influence of noises on whales, which of the following statements is true?

A. They are deaf to noises.

B. Noises at a certain level may hurt them.

C. They are easily confused by noises.

D. Noises will limit their ability to reproduce.

68. We can know from the passage that many scientists think that the noise limit of one hundred twenty decibels would______.

A. prevent them from doing their research work

B. benefit them a lot in their research work

C. do good to their health

D. increase the industrial output

69. According to the passage, what will scientists most probably do in the future?

A. They will try their best to decrease noise.

B. They will work hard to cut down noise pollution.

C. They will study the effect of different noises.

D. They will protect animals from harmful noises.

D

“Who is Gogo?”

Almost every pupil in Hong Kong, Japan, Taiwan and Thailand will tell you: “Gogo is from outer space and is teaching children to speak and read English.”

Gogo has visited Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, Thailand and K orea. Now he is in China’s mainland—“Gogo has Adventure with English” has been published by Addison Wesley Longman China Ltd (AWL).

The six level English course, full of exciting stories, educates and delights children at the same time. Gogo learns English from his friends, Tony and Jenny. The children will learn along with Gogo, enjoying all the fun he produces. Gogo has a warm place in every young learner’s heart wherever he goes.

A presentation (介绍) about Gogo was given by Beijing AWL Information Centre last November. All the pupils in Huijia School attended the presentation. A foreign teacher at Huijia later said, “The children were attracted by Gogo after only a 45-minute presentation. They remember a song taught by Gogo seven weeks later. Parents often ask me how they can help their children learn English and now there’s a programme I can direct them to.”

Clive Sawkins, Paul Price-Smiths and Gregg Schroeder worked closely at AWL to make sure that Gogo will become an easily recognized symbol (标志) of learning English wherever English is studied. “Gogo is our baby,” said Gregg. “It is very easy to get children going with Gogo.”

70. What is the passage mainly about?

A. Gogo visits Asian countries.

B. Gogo receives high praise.

C. Children love to learn with Gogo.

D. AWL introduces Gogo.

71. It can be learned from the passage that Gogo is .

A. an English teacher

B. an English boy

D. a character in an English textbook

南阳市八所普高协作统考2007-2008学年春季期中考试

72. In what way is Gogo a great help to young learners?

A. He teaches them English through songs.

B. He teaches them English through adventure stories.

C. He helps them to remember English words.

D. He makes English lessons full of fun.

73. The underlined word “them” in the fifth paragraph refers to .

A. parents

B. children

C. teachers

D. textbooks

74. When Gregg said, “Gogo is our baby”, he really meant:

A. Gogo belongs to AWL

B. Gogo needs improvement

C. Gogo is lovely

D. Gogo is very young

E

CHINA

Coal mines claim (使…失踪) more lives

A COAL mine blast (爆炸) in Jixi, Helongjiang, left more than 100 miners dead on Thursday.Ten mines in Jixi were ordered to stop production. The government has tried to shut down thousands of small, illegal (非法的) mines in the country that do not meet safety standards.

MIDDLE EAST

Bombers continues to kill

PALESTINIANS killed 32 Israelis in three major attacks between Tuesday and Thursday. There were two suicide bombing (自杀性爆炸) and a militant (武装的) attack on Jewish settlement . They yielded one of the highest Israeli death tolls ( 死亡人数) in such a short period over the last two years.

CHINA

Young people stand tall

THE average height of Chinese young people has risen by 6 centimeters compared to that of 20 years ago. This year far exceeds (超过) the word’s average growth speed. A survey on health conducted by a panel (调研组) of Chinese students found the results. According to the world average level, youths get taller by 1 cm every 10 years.

CANADA

Talking about world issue (援助)

The Group of Eight (G8)—the US, Japan , Germany, Britain, France, Italy, Canada and Russia ---- will hold a summit on June 26 and 27 in Kananaskis, Canada. The G8 are the richest and most powerful countries in the world. G8 leaders and some African presidents will discuss strengthening global economic growth and helping Africa. Kofi Annan, United Nations Secretary General, will also attend.

75. Thousands of mines have been shut because ______.

A. they have blast

B. they produced less coal

C. they are very small and illegal

D. they don’t meet the safety standards

76. How many Israelis died in the three major attacks by Palestinians?

A. 23

B. 32

C.100

D. We don’t know.

77. In the last 20 years, the average growth speed of Chinese youths exceeds the world’s average level by _______.

A. 1 cm

B. 4 cm

C. 5 cm

D. 6 cm

78. What’s the purpose of the Summit?

A. to strengthen the global economic growth and helping some poor African countries.

B. To make these eight countries much more powerful.

C. To help some African president to strengthen their economic growth.

D. Kofi Annan will have an important speech on world issues.

79. This passage may probably taken from _______.

A. a story book

B. a text book

C. a newspaper

D. a novel

第II卷(共45分)

第四部分写作(共三节, 满分45分)

第一节:单词拼写:(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

根据下列句子及所给汉语注释,在句子右边的横线上写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。(每空只写一词)

76. You can book at your l travel agency

77. In Arizona, 480 people are waiting for o transplants.

78. Have you a to meet Mark this weekend?

79. When water freezes, its density ____________ (减少;变小).

80.Learning about the _____________ (性质;特性)of water helps us understand life on our planet.

81. You ma y think you're poor, but it’s all r______________ .

82. Average house prices d_______________ by 13% last year.

83. The statue was t________________ to London

84. Laws have been passed against religious d____________.

85.It is no need keeping British pound s in China.You’d better change them into Chinese c_______. 第二节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分 10分)

此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,该行右边横线上画一个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:

此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。

此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。

此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。

注意:原行没有错的不要改。

Dear Abby,

How are you? Today I’ve got a wonderful news to tell you.86.__________

I had been offered a scholarship at a university in Australia for 87.__________ my further education. One hundred and twenty students took exam 88.__________

for it ,but only a few was chosen and I was one of them. However, 89.__________

my parents are not happy about it. They are strong against me 90.__________

going there. They say it is too far away that they will not see 91.__________ me for a whole year and they are afraid I will feel lonely. He 92.__________ can’t imagine a girl so young live alone. They advise me to 93.__________ study in the capital instead. Then I’ll be able to continue 94.__________ living with them. How can I persuade them accept the fact that 95.__________

I have grown up?

Best wishes.

Jane

第三节:书面表达(满分25分)

某英文报“健康生活”栏目正在讨论有关健康食品、体育锻炼与少年儿童肥胖的问题。下面六幅图画是李明一年中的变化,请根据李明的情况写一篇短文。

注意:1.词数不少于60。2.短文的开头已给出。

提示词语:junk food好吃但不利于健康的食品 snacks各种零食

南阳市八所普高协作统考2007-2008学年春季期中考试

A healthy diet and regular exercise may help to prevent obesity(肥胖) among children. Take Li Ming for example.

南阳市八所普高协作统考2007-2008学年春季期中考试

二年级英语卷 参考答案

一、听力

1-5 ACCBB 6-10 BCABC 11-15 ACABA 16-20 CBCBB

二、单项填空

21-25 ABACC 26-30 DDBDD 31-35 BACCB

三、完形填空

36-40 CDADA 41-45 DBBDA 46-50 CDBCB 51-55 DACAB

四、阅读理解

56-59 DCAB 60-64 CCBDB 65-69 ACBAD

70-74 CDDAC 75-79 DBBAC

五、单词拼写

76. local 77. organ 78. arranged 79. decreases 80. properties 81. relative 82. unique 83 . transported 84 .discrimination 85.currency

六、短文改错

86.去掉got 后的a 87.had 改为have 88.exam 改为exams 89.第一个was 改为were 90.strong 改为strongly 91.too 改为so 92.He 改为they 93.live 改为living

94.√ 95. accept 前加to

七、书面表达

A healthy diet and regular exercise may help to prevent obesity(肥胖) among children. Take Li Ming for example. Li Ming used to be a healthy boy, but over a year ago, into the habit of eating a lot of

junk food and snacks. Besides, he spent a lot of time lying on the sofa, watching TV, and did little exercise. As a result, he put on so much weight that he found it difficult to climb the stairs.

So Li Ming decided to change the unhealthy life style. He began to have a balanced, healthy

diet. He also took part in various sports activities such as swimming, skating, running and playing basketball. Months later, Li Ming became as fit as before.

一、情况分析

1、普遍反映这次模拟题目较难(从期末“一模”到“三模”,难度呈加大趋势,不够合理),县均分降

为112.15(一模114.04,二模112.69),得分率0.7;选史班加试题难度稍降,得分较好。纵观三次模拟,我县成绩基本稳定,且各校均分差距不大,不必过虑。具体情况详见下表。

2、鉴于题

目不很理想,信度不高,模

拟成绩仅能作为参考,也不必费力逐题评讲。关键要调整好学生的情绪,增强信心,采取有效措施,准

备最后冲刺! 二、教学意见 高考之前当以套题训练为主(如、栟、马及六校卷已发给各校供选用),辅以切块查漏补缺。

1、搞好作文入格、提升训练,力保“半壁江山”,这是提高高考成绩的关键。要特别重视“提示语+命题”和“新材料”两大作文类型,力求使得绝大多数考生拿到切入分以上。要重视用好草稿纸,会依据题单位 语文均分 均分名次 作文 语文加试 全县 112.15 (县均得分率0.7) 54.85(得分率0.78) 29.12(得分率0.73) 如中 114.31 1 54.94 31.30

拼中 112.88 3 54.97 30.05 马中 113.07 2 55.01 28.02 丰中 112.12 4 54.92 28.32 双中 109.20 8 54.58 28.70 岔中 109.78 6 54.62 28.66 掘中 108.67 9 54.69 29.06 兵中 111.11 5 54.50 27.83 苴中 109.74 7 54.37 25.95

目或材料进行“发散”(优化立意、选材),强调书写清楚,标点正确,不能有明显的错别字。

2、以下各项,请各校、各班将信度好的检测题作“回头看”,并根据实际情况,有重点地抓一下:(1)语言运用题及名句名篇默写应“细水长流不断流”地练,力求过关。

(2)关注语用题的常见类型(特别是有江苏地方特色的语用题)及表述的准确、到位。

(3)文言文:先利用分析概括题“读文”,力求将文中未考到的实词、虚词及难句弄懂,这样临考时才会“猜读”;翻译必须强调“直译为主、字字落实”,译对语气、句式,译句要通顺。

(4)古诗要力求读懂诗句,注意其类别、题材、表现手法及作者的身世、背景等(“知人论世”),准确把握诗人的情感、态度;答题要有内容、有分析,不能空洞。

(5)做“大阅读”(文学类)题,应先读文后看题,先在原文上勾画(提要勾玄);在基本读懂原文后,再对照题目找答题区间,逐题弄懂“考的什么”、“怎样答才行”。整合答案必须有“文本意识”(既不能脱离文本,也不是照抄原文,而是摘取关键词语进行整合;即使是“探究”,也须于原文有据。)。

(6)选做题要迅速浏览、认定,不能三心二意!做单项选择题要会“抠字眼”(因为错误往往设在细小处);还要会用“排除法”等。简答题虽然能力层级仅为B、C,但答案要力求到位。

(7)选史班加试题成绩攸关录取,不能放松!

第一题:必须读懂原文才能正确断句并回答有关问题。古文的难度虽然高于必考,但也不会很难(大概相当于选修的《孟子》《唐宋八大家散文》之类)。也可参考近几年的北京卷,进行适应性训练。

第二题:对规定的10本名著要“回头看”,注意把握主要人物、重要情节和艺术特色;简答题的答案不能“简而空”,也要有具体分析才行。

第三题:文本要点归纳应力求一个“全”字,不能漏落要点(“宁多毋缺”);分析题要有针对性(一般设两道小题,有内在联系)。考艺术鉴赏的题目前很少见到,建议选取几个有艺术特色的文本进行补充训练。

以上各项,在评讲套题时务必予以关注,评讲后最好能辅以“二次训练”,以提高达成度。

南通市2008届高三第三次调研考试学科质量分析及后期复习建议

数学

一、县内分析:

本次考试全县均分85.03分难度系数为0.53,分差和上次模拟考试一样还是23.31分,试卷很难,试卷从第一题开始就进入中档题一直到第17题没有一道题是送分题,在试卷的原本送分的位置学生们却”绞尽脑汁”,”举步为艰”最后的第18、19、20三题都是在糊里糊涂中草率收兵的,因此只要前17道试题在平时的教学中瞄准了方向,在日常的学习中加强了训练,在考试中拿足了分数就能获得较高的分数,马中的成功正是说明了这点,填空题70分是这次拿分的大头,县中47.54,栟中46.91而岔中却为44.96,与县中和栟中仅差1到2分,岔中扎实进行填空题训练取得了好的收获.县中和栟中在中档题上没有收获到应有的分数.

学校如中拼中马中掘中兵中苴中双中岔中丰中进修全县人数1414 1430 930 372 272 136 595 434 666 19 6268 总评89 86.88 92.12 62.66 73.78 64.75 79.64 81.46 76.33 32.95 83.30 1~6 23.73 24.27 23.67 18.66 21.95 20.51 22.62 23.2 22.5 12.11 23.091 7~10 15.51 15.48 16.41 11.72 13.57 12.87 14.89 14.79 13.92 5.79 14.96 11~14 8.30 7.16 9.17 4.47 5.77 5.24 6.23 6.97 6.22 2.21 7.24

15 8.12

8.43 8.3 4.68 6.46 4.53 7.35 7.11 6.81 1.84 7.56 16 8.54

8.95 8.7 5.17 6.02 4.43 7.08 7.64 7.22 1.58 7.19 17 12.02

11.3 11.45 9.79 10.63 9.7 11.18 11 10.38 8.74 11.19 18 7.02

5.6

6.43 3.02 4.3 3.7 5.39 5.08 3.67 0.47 5.51 19 3.19

2.56

3.98 1.75 2.33 1.21 2.75 2.74 2.95 0 2.89 20 2.58

3.14

4.02 3.4 2.76 2.56 2.15 2.91 2.67 0.21 2.96 加试 32.52 32.77 26,28 26.44 23.9 21.19 26.56 28.66 23.3 28.61

二、考试中的存在问题:

1.计算能力不强:学生碰到稍有难度的题目即算错,心理恐慌,忙中出错,如第三题, 求长轴.若去掉条件0<

m <1,则需考虑两种情形,第九题本题解法较多:①建立坐标系;②利用向量积与和的几何意义,设H 为BC 边上的中点,由()BC AP BC AH HP BC AH ?=?+=?;③特殊法等.第15题本题主要考查圆的方程,要求学生能选用适当的方程形式,会运用待定系数法求方程;在第二小题中,要注意利用圆的几何性质求切线长,求范围时要注意参数a 的范围.计算能力不强还有可能是与基础知识掌握不牢有关

2.学生的应变能力不强:第1,2题一上来就比较难,题目拐弯较多,一反常态,学生不适应,,大题第1题即碰到

很麻烦的字母运算,打乱了学生的常态布置,建议今后在固定某些套路练习的基础上,还需变换一些套路让学生适应.填空题的解题套路还采用比较单一的直接法,还要注意采用间接法.如特殊值法,构造法等.

3.审题能力不强的现象还没有改变,填空题第3题要先定位,再定量,第6题正确率较低,主要是因为学生的阅

读能力较差;规范化书写还没有得到根本的改善,学生在填空题和解答题上因为规范化而失去的分数直接影响到我们的排名,如第4题写函数表达式,学生书写不规范,解答题的大题不按得分点书写.

4.解题套路不熟,数学思想方法依然欠缺,如sin cos αα+与sin cos αα?之间的关系,n a 与n S 的关系等,整体

思想,化归方法,分类讨论,逆向思维,等价转化,比较法,待定系数法,等方法还不会灵活应用.

5.强化学生自我评价能力,在先易后难的解题过程中发挥作用,本次考试最后一题其实并不是很难,有的学校

应当在《数学之友》上见过,他比倒数第二题思路要清楚一些,而填空题,第6题却花了很长时间,与5分分值很不对应.

三:今后教学要求:

1. 精心准备好每一教学内容,要做到如下4个有利:有利于瞄准高考做针对性点评,有利于培养学 生的数学能力如计算能力,分析问题解决问题的能力,有利于学生瞄准得分点规范的表达,有利于学生解题能力的提高如审题能力,抓住数学方法来破题,找到解题的切入口.要继续采用变题教学和题组教学,提高教学效果.

2. 精心准备好模拟试卷和专题试卷,要在试卷的难度上对路子,在试题的呈现方式上的对法子.并精心做好试卷讲评工作.讲评时务必突出重点,务求实效.提高针对性.

3. 要指导学生重视基础:

(1) 过一下基本公式和基本定理,理一下基本线索

(2) 做好百题训练,回顾基本方法和基本题型,对书上的题型特别是例题习题要清楚.

(3) 强化小题训练,这可以和百题训练结合起来.

(4) 做好错题过关和资料整理工作,要把数学知识和资料由厚变薄.这个工作不能等到停课时进行.

4.要适度加强学生应试技巧和应试心理的乔治和指导,既不能无病呻吟又不能漠不关心.要认真分 析每次考试学生的存在问题特别是重点学生的问题所在,做到有针对性地指导.注意难题不一定是最后一题,后期教学要立足于中档题,抓牢基础题,不放弃难题.对部分数学特差生又要指导适度的放弃.

5.做好查漏补缺工作,教师根据平时的教学业务记载和档案预先回归课本,回归试卷,回归考纲.

消灭学生的应试弱点和盲点.

6.注意对数学思想方法的专题复习,特别是对分类讨论的复习,载体是二次函数,解析几何,函数等.

7.增加含字母题的练习,培养学生耐挫能力,提高学生的应试能力.

8.各家还要对学生负责,适当增加加试题的专题,专项训练,注意思考加试题的最后两题是什么内容,加以模拟训练.

南通市2008届高三第三次调研考试学科质量分析及后期复习建议

英语

一、总体分析

本次试题力求激发学生最后30天学习、复习英语的积极性,指出后一阶段英语复习的方向,提高学生的参考自信心。这次试题难易尚可,稍难。全卷以考查基础知识为主,但更侧重考查学生的能力,使英语学习有困难的学生更清楚自己如何在考前再奋力拼一把,考出理想成绩,使英语尖子生也能看到自己知识漏洞和能力缺陷,并着力抓紧时间去快速弥补,争取考出高分。所以这一次试题有一定的信度,也有较好的区别度。I卷难度系数为0.685,二卷难度系数为0.61,均比近几年江苏高考英语卷略难一些,但属于较理想的难度。

全卷占分120分,一卷占分85分,二卷占分35分。我县均分80.35分,其中一卷58.22

分,二卷22.15分。

二、题型分析

1.听力

共20小题,每小题1分,满分20分,全县均分15.2分。难度系数0.76。

选题贴近学生生活实际,较为新颖,基本合乎高考要求。录音制作比市一、二模质量高,音质也较为清晰,不少选项设题均为2-3个字,太少、太短,便于学生理解,减少了难度,增加了学生得分,但不利于学生间拉开分数档次。

2.单项选择

共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分,全县均分10.65分,难度系数0.71。

以考查基础知识为主,没有特别难的题目,也没有偏题、怪题。考查知识面广,考查动词共6小题,占比40%;词组习语等4题,占比26%;其它方面如冠词的用法、词义辨析、倒装知识等考查占比34%。我县该题均分较高,说明前一阶段在抓基础知识方面,较为扎实并基本到位,初步显现出我县在这方面的优势。当然也有两道题得分不理想,比如,第31小题考查定语从句,when与where等关系词的区别,50%以上的考生仍然不怎么能分清区别;再如第33小题,考查常用习语to be practical,to be honest,to be sure与to be exact的词义区别,由于近一半的学生记忆不准确,出现了失误。因此,在有优势的同时,仍有弱势的存在,不可忽视,也不能轻视。

3.完型填空

共20小题,每小题1分,满分20分,县均分13.3分,难度系数0.67。

这次完型填空题选文为一篇故事,作者以第一人称“I ”回忆多年以前购物人群在购物后去停车场途中,突然遭遇暴雨,不得不临时在遮蔽处等雨停再走,在蔽雨这短暂时间里,其中一位母亲与6岁女儿之间的对话及冒雨前行上车引起了在场人们的同情与效仿,同时也给作者留下了深刻的印象与宝贵的记忆,并感慨,人们仍有这种冒雨前行的时候,比喻前行途中仍有困难,只要顶着就能走过去。

这次完型填空题大多数小题设空较为合理、准确,但其中第54小题,由于拟题者对原文改写考虑不够全面,致使这一小题所在句子中的they与their让学生不能正确理解,而无法选出正确选项,因此这一小题错误率高,不全是考生的责任,当然高考题不可能有这种考虑不周全的情况出现。其它小题,如第36、37、38、48、52等小题出错,均为考生对文章理解不够准确或对相关词的记忆理解不够全面或对有关词语的记忆已经相当模糊不清而造成的,比如,pouring与blowing,twist,hit与split,roof与shelter 等,均为词义理解不清或已经忘记其词义所致。

4.阅读理解

共15小题,每小题3分,满分30分,县均分19.06分,难度系数0.64。

共4篇文章,中等难度偏易,题材有广告、社会热点、科技小品文等,融趣味性、知识性、道德品质教育寓一体,并考查考生细节理解、词义猜测、文章大意归纳、标题概括等诸多方面的能力。能较好地区别不同能力考生的不同能力档次。不过A篇第56小题,考查学生对文章大意的归纳能力,约50%的学生未抓住文章中心,结果误选了A或B;第69小题有相当大的难度,考生,特别是不细心的学生非常难判断出Johnson’的态度是“怀疑”还是“积极”的。在二模以后,全县各校根据教研室突出英语应试能力的培养与提高的要求,在这方面已有了明显的起色,所以这次阅读理解题得分比预料的要理想些。

5.任务型阅读

共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分,县均分4.7分,难度系数0.472。

这次任务型阅读相对于前两次来说难度加大,学生整体得分情况不太理想,900份抽样试卷中满分仅

四个,均分在5分左右。所存在的问题具体如下:

1)对文章的整体理解不到位,导致所填单词完全背离原文信息。如71题的harm,不少同学使用了good;2)不善于对原文信息加工整理。如78题需要学生运用原文信息词energy,灵活变化写出它的形容词形式energetic,而不少考生机械地照抄原词。

3)因粗心大意而失分。如72题latest是原文中单词,但有四分之一以上的考生误拼成lastest。4)基本功不扎实。不少考生将dropped误拼成droped,也有部分考生仍然将advice看成可数名词而随便加上了“s”。

6.书面表达

共1大题,满分25分,县均分16.6分,难度系数0.664。

要点表达基本齐全,但在次要点表达上由于选词不当,存在表意不清的现象,句型使用仍局限于简单句的堆砌,普遍缺乏运用复杂或多样化句型的能力。卷面能基本做到清晰,但部分学生的字母书写还应进一步规范,低级错误(如谓语动词的第三人称单数、动词时态、句子结构的完整性等)仍比较多。存在字数不足的问题(达不到要求的低限130字),部分同学最后一段自己感想遗漏或者内容过于简单,仅一句话一带而过,达不到起码的要求,应充实一点内容。

三、教学建议

1.这次考试仍暴露了不少学生基础知识不够扎实,知识运用仍有缺憾等问题,后一阶段各校务必以夯实基础、查补知识漏洞为重点,着力抓好早晨的朗读、记忆,晚自修的查漏补缺,以及对部分学生的个别辅导等工作,做到一着不让,一个知识点、一个学生都不能放弃。

2.现阶段英语应试能力是重中之重,各校要把握住练习的难度、试题的效度,狠抓解题速度、解题正确率、各题型解题技巧训练等,以期进一步提高全县每一个学生的综合解题能力。

3.把学生的心态调整到最佳状态仍为当务之急。越到最后,学生心情越紧张、越烦躁,甚至坐立不安,影响近期复习效果,影响最后考试成绩。各位英语任课老师要对自己所教的每一个学生做到心中有数,不让任何一个学生因心态不佳而影响最后的复习与考试。

4.着力备好课,上好课,着力拟好每份练习或试卷,认真批阅,认真评讲,认真辅导,力求让课堂的分分秒秒都见成效、出成绩,努力为如东08高考再创辉煌作出应有的贡献。

南通市2008届高三第三次调研考试学科质量分析及后期复习建议

物理

一、总体情况

本试卷总体难度中上.全县参考学生3962人,全县总均分73.34,难度0.61,I卷均分20.94,难度0.68.各校各比例段人数比例统计如下表:

学校Ⅰ卷

均分前8%

前30%

前40%

前40%

65%

前65%

前90%

前90%

均分

全县 20.94 9.19 31.57 1585 40.01 2615 66.00 3584 90.46 73.34 如中 22.16 17.55 46.28 515 54.79 736 78.30 882 93.83 78.30 拼中 22.60 13.14 44.69 478 54.63 714 81.60 854 97.60 78.77

学校Ⅰ卷

均分前8%

前30%

前40%

前40%

65%

前65%

前90%

前90%

均分

马中 20.97 7.03 28.75 259 39.60 452 69.11 609 93.12 73.70

丰中 19.10 3.13 15.24 99 20.67 211 44.05 381 79.54 65.35

双中 19.79 2.96 19.21 115 28.33 229 56.40 367 90.39 70.31

岔中 19.73 3.75 20.97 75 28.09 152 56.93 228 85.39 69.06

掘中 17.56 0.69 9.03 19 13.19 48 33.33 105 72.92 61.56

兵中 18.84 8.43 22 13.25 64 38.55 136 81.93 65.04

苴中 16.81 9.68 3 9.68 9 29.03 22 70.97 61.06

与上两次模拟考试相比,Ⅰ卷成绩在全市排列较落后的位置.岔中上升的幅度较大,丰中、如中、苴中均有不同程度的退步.各班级之间不平衡性仍较大,如中、马中、丰中、岔中的物化班前65%比例差均超过20%;栟中、双中的物化班,岔中、双中、掘中的物生班前65%比例差均超过10%.

二、主要存在问题

1、基础知识、基本技能还不够扎实.

第1题考查伽利略探究自由落体运动的思路和方法,由于对课本中相关的过程与方法认识不到位而错误.本题得分率为72%.

第2题中有近三百人不知道“穿过交流发电机线圈的磁通量最大时感应电流为零”.

第4题考查电场相关基本内容,有1940人误认为b、d两点的电场强度相同而错选A,138人错选B.本题得分率只有48%.

第12-Ⅱ题考查选修3-4的内容.第(1)小题部分同学错选B(课本习题演变);第(2)小题有50%左右的学生不会比较北大和南大处的重力加速度大小,并将两单摆摆长之比写成9/16;第(3)小题有少数未考虑光的折射.

第12-Ⅲ题考查选修3-5的内容.第(1)小题较多同学漏选B(课本提及的内容);第(2)小题较多学生将电子符号写成多种错误形式,有的仅考虑一个电子的能量.

第12选做题总的得分率为70%.

2、实验双基不够扎实,设计实验的能力较差.

第10题考查用气垫导轨验证系统机械能守恒实验.有较多学生表述如何判断导轨是否水平和还需要测量的物理量时很不准确,有的不用测量的物理量符号表示答案(如用未知的v),本题得分率为67%.第11题考查测定干电池的电动势和内阻的电学设计性实验.学生设计电路的能力较差,设计电路图错误率高达98%,有的学生描点作图仍存在问题(如画成曲线或折线、未考虑让尽可能多的点落在直线上或基本均匀分布在直线的两侧,未去除个别偏离直线较远的点,有的画的直线偏短).大多数不会根据图象和电路基本规律进行数据处理.本题得分率仅有39%.

3、基本应用有待于进一步加强.

第5题考查功能关系的基本应用.有部分学生分析临界条件错误,824人错选C.本题得分率为74%.第6题是门电路相关的基础信息题.漏选C的有1150人,漏选A的有610人,错选B的有574人.本题得分率为67%.

第7题是与涡流有关的电磁感应问题.各选项错、漏选的均达到500-600人.本题得分率为70%.第13题考查电磁感应和力学规律的应用.第(1)小题有的没有认清开始运动时速度为零;第(2)小题较多学生思维定势,没有认清速度方向和磁场方向不垂直,在求感应电动势和判断安培力方向时发生错误;第(3)小题有的应用动能定理或能量守恒时,造成正负号颠倒等错误.本题得分率为73%.

4、解题能力有待于进一步加强.

第8题考查远程弹道导弹(与卫星运动遵循的规律相同).有2430人漏选C,3050 人漏选D,620人漏选B,错选A的有420人.本题得分率仅为51%.

第9题考查结合实际的应用平抛运动相关规律.错选B的有870人,错选C的有1040人,漏选A的有1060人,漏选D的有1220人.本题得分率只有50%.

第14题考查带电粒子在复合场中的运动.第(3)小题有的学生对物理情景分析不清,较多未考虑由于圆周运动出现多解的可能.本题得分率为64%.

第15题考查力学规律的综合应用.第(1)小题近一半的学生在计算产生的内能时发生错误(如Q=fs

块=mv2/2或w f=fs块等);第(2)(3)小题较多学生对物理过程分析不清,有的将摩擦力方向判断错误,从

而造成应用牛顿第二定律列方程错误.本题得分率只有30%.5.审题不清,粗心大意,解题不够规范,运算错误等.

如第10题有的学生游标卡尺读数不规范(写成0.520),出现很多表述不规范,有的甚至用未知的符号表示答案.第13题第(3)小题有的学生审题不清,将求R产生的热量变成求总电热.第14题第(1)小题有较多学生求场强时不求方向,有的解题不规范,缺少圆周运动的动力学方程而扣分.第15题第(1)小题很多学生审题不清和解题不规范完整,用动量守恒定律求解,而未注意题中“平板车在外力控制下始终保持速度v0做匀速直线运动”,有的出现运算错误.

较多学生由于时间安排不当,没有保证最后两题没有充足的答题时间,该得的分由于没时间做而失去.

三、下阶段复习建议

1、认真制定好逐日安排计划(本次考试不能代表高考命题的方向),可采用大单元分块训练、针对的小专题训练或阶段性错题过关训练与综合训练交叉进行(后期至少安排六套左右的综合模拟训练,并确保独立训练时间).错题过关训练的选题应落实专人负责,选题中应考虑知识内容和常见题型的覆盖面.

2、应注意引导学生对照08江苏高考考试说明的要求逐一落实各知识点,真正地回归课本.重视“能源和能量耗散”、“开普勒行星运动定律”、“经典力学的局限性”、“简单的逻辑电路”、“质谱仪和回旋加速器”、“互感自感涡流”、“传感器及其工作原理”、“选修3-4”和“选修3-5”等内容的复习,不留复习的盲点,重视通过回归课本掌握研究物理问题的过程和方法.

3、后期复习除县拼等学校优秀学生外,应进一步重视夯实基础知识、基本技能和一般应用.重视常

见题型的回归过关,注重联系生产、生活、社会的实际问题的训练;重视单选题、多选题、简答题、计算题的专项训练,重视论述证明题的训练.进一步对“临界生”做好一人一事的工作(注意关注物理位置值在55%~75%的“临界生”),鼓励他们努力获得相应的等级,分析今后复习中应采取的措施,对他们的作业应精心批改、经常批注或面批,鼓励不断进步.

4、注重培养学生的应试能力和训练良好的竞技状态,把握应试技巧和应试策略,进一步提高学生的应试能力.对题型、题量、难度的控制通过不同层次要求的试卷来训练,指导学生的争分策略,使同学们有多种心理准备,从而能从容地走进高考考场.继续做好心理疏导和考试指导工作,例如:怎样安排考试时的答题顺序?审题时应注意哪些?如何解答选择、实验题和选做题?如何分配Ⅰ、Ⅱ卷的时间?如何规范答题?碰到障碍时的对策?如应对答题纸使用上应该注意的地方?作图画图注意点?对最后两题如何处置等,要让学生有比较正确的认识和合理的对策.注意总结前面考试的经验教训,调整好考前情绪,不要急躁,扎扎实实地复习,有关知识要加强记忆,考前不做难题,要有平静的心情、稳定的情绪.

5、应注意知识的复习与应试能力的同步提高,确保容易题、主攻中档题、不放弃难题,增强学生的主动性,注意引导学生自主反思和总结.重视收取和整理最新高考信息(包括二模栟茶分析会信息,教研员发给最新试题的选取和整合等),注意研究其他版本教材的背景材料,认真解决仍然存在的解题不规范及粗心大意、运算错误等造成的低级失分问题.

6、后期复习我们还应注意了以下几个方面.⑴处理好做练习与看课本的关系,强调同学必须重视课本.⑵处理好做新练习与看原来练习的关系.一方面要做一定量的新练习,另一方面要重温以往练习、考试过的题,做错的固然要再订正,原来做对的典型题也要求再重新熟悉思路.⑶抓主干知识与全面复习的关系.⑷高考的热点与冷避点.尤其是关注社会热点问题、重大的科技问题的动态.

7、加强集体备课,充分发挥集体力量,精选习题、例题,精心编制与考试说明要求相适应的综合练习.最后一次的热身训练一定要控制难度,有利于调动学生的积极性,注意精心打造最后一讲.

8、习题评讲应注意进一步疏通知识,提炼主干知识和解题方法.注意抓薄弱点、易错点和认识误区,注意分析错误原因、解题方法指导、知识的纵向与横向联系、题目的变式训练及解题方法的优化等.特别注意抓好审题训练,必须认真指导学生重视画图分析物理过程,严格按题目要求进行规范解题.

南通市2008届高三第三次调研考试学科质量分析及后期复习建议

化学

一、成绩分析

本次考试I卷均分38.66,难度0.81;II卷均分43.49,难度0.60;合卷均分82.15,难度0.68。各校考试成绩见县分析表。

二、试卷分析

考试中主要暴露的问题:基础知识遗忘率高,常规选择题题得分率仍然较低;化学用语使用和书写不规范、不正确;审题能力差、对试题问题的指向分析不正确;答题不规范、不能按试题要求和指向回答问题;解题速度慢、很多学生不能完成整张试卷的答题。从知识快的角度看,元素化合物知识、有机基础知识、实验知识以及计算缺漏较多。

选择题得分率较低的试题及原因分析:第2题(0.73)。近30%的学生对铁及其化物的性质、制法、用途没有掌握。第5题(0.75)。误选D,思维不深入或化学原理不明确,HCO3-与酸反应放出氢气比CO32-快的原因是结合的H+数目少,HCO3-比CO32-难结合H+。第6题(0.76)。误选D,对有机物官能团的性质以及同分异构体的书写掌握不好。第8题(0.72)。盖斯定律的运用和热化学方程式的书写有缺陷。第10题(0.66)。多选B或C,知识迁移能力差,不能从已学原电池原理出发分析陌生电池的电极反应。选择题中的主要问题是学生基础缺漏较多,学生思维不缜密,这是影响我县本届学生高考化学成绩的瓶颈。

非选择题各题主要错误及原因分析:第15题(0.77)。部分学生对离子晶体中影响晶格能大小的因素还没有搞清,简单离子的半径比较不会(第9题多选C的学生也比较多),配位键的形成概念不清,错别字(“熔”写成“溶”),不能举例说明氢键对水的性质的影响,知识迁移能力差,不能从价层电子对互斥模型类分析SO42-的空间构形。第16题(0.61)。审题能力差,不善于从常规的角度思考问题(如SO42-的性质),不能根据试题要求回答问题(如pH的测定不能从试题中的信息揣测应填写具体的操作、不能根据试题中提供的化学方程式,表述实验现象、不能从氧化还原的角度分析陌生反应的产物等),不能靠船下篙分析问题(不能从Cl-的角度证明猜想3,哪应该从什么角度思考呢?学生不知道,即使知道,SO42-的检验也不能用准确的语言表述,如用HNO3酸化的钡盐)。第17题(0.76)。元素化合物知识缺漏较严重、不能顺利推导物质,化学用语使用不规范、不熟练、方程式不配平,粗心、不能根据试题要求回答问题,逻辑思维能力差,不能根据元素组成和质量守恒定律推导陌生物质。第18题(0.64)。审题不清(采用冷却结晶的方法析出红矾钠,要回答的是依据而不是原因、试题要求写出CrO42-转化为Cr2O72-的平衡转化离子方程式,但很多学生不用可逆符号而用等号),概念混淆(不断搅拌、增大反应物的接触面积能提高反应速率,能不能使平衡移动、不能增大反应物的转化率),思考问题的指向不正确(讨论反应能否自发进行应从什么角度思考?部分学生还不知道),分析问题能力差,化学原理不清,不能正确分析流程图中所包含的化学反应。第19题(0.57)分析问题和识图能力差,不能得出膜a是阳离子交换膜的结论,电解AgNO3的反应方程式书写不标条件,不能根据试题要求回答问题(不同点回答问题的指向是“构成微粒不同”)。第20题(0.63)。不能根据波谱分析结论和有机物的化学性质书写有机物结构简式,对有机反应类型和有机合成中各步反应的目的没有搞清,有机方程式书写正确率低(缩聚物端基要写,则两端都写或者都不写;缩聚反应方程式书写时小分子前的化学计量数随着缩聚物的写法不同而不同)。第21题(0.22)。解题速度慢是本题得分率低的主要原因。但也有很多同学是因为化学方程式计算原理不清导致的错误。非选择题中的主要问题是:审题指向不明,思维不深刻、不缜密;知识迁移能力差,不善于运用所学知识分析问题、解决问题;答题不规范,不能根据试题要求和化学语言回答问题;不熟练、解题速度慢,思维不敏捷。

三、后期复习建议

后期复习主要做四项工作:回归基础知识,依据考试说明和教学要求强化学生对课本知识的准确记忆和理解;限时综合练习,训练学生应试技巧和应是心理品质,进一步规范学生答题;针对性的小专题训练,针对学生在训练中暴露的问题以及常规题型、必考题型、主干知识设置针对性的小专题,查漏补缺;停课期间的工作,一是看,看书、看做过的练习;二是记,必须记住的知识一定要记住;三是小型训练不断,每天保证10题左右的训练,保持学生解题思维的连续性和敏捷性。具体的说,要处理好以下关系:

1、处理好综合练习与回归基础的关系。后期综合练习的难度和密度不宜过大,可以选用难度不大而质量较高的各地模考试题进行训练;要结合2008年考试说明和教学要求有目的的指导学生看书,高考前要指导学生将课本梳理一篇,强化课本知识的记忆(特别是元素化合物和有机化学部分)。

2、处理好考试指导与心理疏导的关系。通过习题讲评,进一步加强对学生考试策略的指导。典型错误和

错误率较高的试题要认真分析其错误原因,通过集体讲评解决共性问题,并消除学生可能存在的知识盲点。进一步指导学生的阅读理解能力和审题能力(分析试题指向、根据试题设问思考问题)、知识迁移能力(已学的知识和方法)、统摄思维能力(对试题的整体要求要看清,不能走一步看一步),使学生能有效的从题干中提炼出有用信息并结合已学知识解决问题;进一步训练学生的思维品质,提高学生思维的敏捷性和缜密性;规范学生答题,规范学生正确使用化学用语和术语回答化学试题的能力、规范学生根据试题要求回答问题(怎么问、怎么答,问题什么、答什么)。加强个别辅导,对B等临界生、通过个别辅导使他们在考试中尽量将该拿的分数拿到。要指导学生的考试策略,考试时先将试卷从前到后看一遍,在从前往后做题的大前提下,熟悉题、容易题先做而不能在前面的难题上化太多的时间(如果选做题安排在试卷最后,最好让学生先做选做题);做每一道题时,要养成先将试题通读一遍的习惯,要从整体上把握整个试题。邻近高考,尤其要加强对学生的心理疏导,要鼓学生信心、树学生士气、减学生包袱、解学生困难,要调节好学生考试的兴奋点,使学生轻松走进考场。

3、确实进行查漏补缺,处理好知识专题与题型专题关系。后期复习要针对学生练习中出现的错误率较高的知识点,应进行小型知识专题的专门训练,消灭错题。要针对高考试题及学生练习中存在的问题对常考题型进行专门的题型训练,以进一步指导学生的解题思想和方法,提高学生的解题能力。后期训练的重点应为主干知识的考查和常规重点题型,对新增题型重在指导学生答题方法和解题思路。选择题训练要强化。

4、处理好停课复习与小型训练的关系。各校均可根据本校不同层次学生的情况,在高考前给出一定的时间让学生自己看书看练习,解决一些自身的薄弱环节,但每天均应有一定时间用于小型训练以保证学生的解题速度和思维的连续性、敏捷性!

南通市2008届高三第三次调研考试学科质量分析及后期复习建议

生物

一、基本情况:

全县列入统计的选修生物人数为1086人。全县均分89.92分,其中一卷得分42.23分,得分率76.78%,二卷得分41.14分,得分率73.37%。

各校生物学科在全县主要占比统计表

学校人数前8%数前30%数前40%比前65%比前90%比

全县1086 8.01 32.78 43.37 65.29 89.96

如中150 11.33 39.33 54.00 72.67 90.00

拼中220 20.00 57.27 66.82 87.27 97.73

马中197 4.57 32.99 44.67 71.57 91.37

丰中174 4.02 18.97 26.44 48.28 86.21

双中136 2.21 23.53 33.09 55.15 91.91

岔中86 5.81 27.91 39.53 62.79 89.53

掘中72 11.11 19.44 33.33 75.00

兵中51 3.92 17.65 31.37 58.82 80.39

从上表各校在全县前65%占比与第二次调研考试各校B级占比的比较看,第一方阵中,拼茶中学继续保持领先地位,如东中学较二模有进步,马中相对稳定;第二方阵岔中保持领先,双中校对稳定,丰中与兄弟学校的差距有所拉大;第三方阵,兵中继续保持良好态势,掘中仍需进一步缩短与兄弟学校的差距。

二、反映的主要存在问题

1、对基本知识的掌握亟待进一步加强

许多同学对课本上基本生物学知识掌握不牢固。如:第3题对细胞衰老特征的不能准确识记;第8题不能对减数分裂图形准确识别;第9题对mRNA的基本组成单位和密码子的理解偏差;第12题对内环境概念理解模糊;第17题对囊胚细胞已开始分化不了解;第18题对生态工程原理的理解有误;第20题对课本与现实生活实际相联系的内容非常生疏;第25题对课本上生物工程技术的应用的了解不到位;第26题(3)对发生在细胞质基质中的呼吸生理过程不能全面掌握;27题(1)将转录的场所认为是“核糖体”;(4)对课本上抑癌基因的作用不能准确识记;29题(3)对防止杂菌污染要加“抗生素”与“干扰素”混为一谈等等。

2、良好的审题、答题习惯还没有完全养成

部分学生对题干或选项中关键词视而不见或不注意答题的准确性和完整性。如:对第12题A选项中的“细胞内液”熟视无睹;第14题题干中:分别统计取样瓶中的“小动物”种类和数量有同学误认为是

“所有生物”;第26题(1)要求写出“甲细胞”的变化许多学生写出的是“细胞中液泡”的变化;(3)将“光反应”笼统写成“光合作用”;第29题(2)“人工授精”答成“人工受精”;第31题(2)画食物网不画箭头;(3)将“遗体残骸”答成“死亡”;第32题(1)填数据有的同学应填“0”的空格不填;第33题A题(2)将“洗脱”答成“洗涤”;B题(3)将“葡萄汁”答成“葡萄糖”等。

3、灵活运用知识能力及实验设计能力有待提高

如:第4题许多学生缺乏通过分析曲线获取有效解题信息的能力;第9题D选项许多学生不能对题干所给信息进行迁移应用去解决新的问题;第21题对与细胞相关知识的综合运用能力欠缺;第22题,对通过显微镜检查能作出诊断的遗传病的综合判断,存在认为只有染色体异常遗传病的定势思维;还有第11题D选项、第32题对实验设计中实验组和对照组的理解判断以及有何准确完整作出实验预期、得出相应结论等也存在不少问题。

三、对后阶段高三生物复习教学的建议

1、备课组要进一步加强集体备课,确保集体备课优质高效。后一阶段集体备课的重点首先是对考试说明的认真研读,对照考试说明必修、选修模块考查内容等级要求和典型题实例,认真揣摩每个考点等级要求的含义,特别是新增考点及新增能力要求最有可能以何种形式题型进行考查。在此基础上再认真思考查漏补缺。后一阶段的复习要一如既往地坚持基础与能力并重的复习指导思想,切不可将学生的兴奋点完全转移到一味做新题难题上去,而忽视了基础知识的掌握。教师要引导学生制定好后一阶段的复习计划,尤其要做好错题的二次过关和回归基础、回归课本的工作。

2、重视课堂训练及试卷讲评课的教学。课堂训练除了保证要有一定量的基础题和中档题外,更要侧重于对知识的理解、辨析、综合和运用,要兼顾各种题型和各种能力要求;试卷讲评课教师要指导学生在较复杂的情境中如何去独立思考、独立解决问题,教师切忌越俎代报,要充分暴露学生思维的缺陷、盲点,不断提高学生综合、灵活运用知识和独立解决实际问题的能力,强调表达的规范,培养学生养成认真审题、规范表达的良好习惯。通过课堂训练及时发现学生在知识掌握上的漏洞和解题能力上的缺陷,并及时予以弥补。

3、加大实验复习教学和学生探究能力的培养力度。对照考试说明实验考查要求,课本实验要逐一过关,重在理解实验的原理及灵活运用,学会实验设计的基本方法。尤其要注意培养学生学会提出问题,进行假设,设计实验,得出结论的进行科学探究的一般方法。后一阶段无论在平时的课堂训练、还是课后作业、周练和最后的热身训练均要安排足量的实验题和探究题,通过反复训练要使每一位学生都能真正理解掌握实验设计的一般原则和方法及进行探究的一般步骤。

4、合理安排训练的密度,对后期的综合训练试卷一定要认真的筛选和整合,一定要保证训练时间的合理充分,重视训练的质量。要进一步加强对学生应试技巧和增分策略的指导。

南通市2008届高三第三次调研考试学科质量分析及后期复习建议

历史

一、试卷评价

南通市三模考试历史试卷符合第三次调研考试的命题要求,注重了学科基础知识主干知识的考查,注重了对学生审题能力的考查,与二模相比,试卷的难度有所下降,有利于调动学生的复习积极性,有利于激发学生的信心,以良好的心态迎接高考。

试卷布局合理,重点突出。注重了对热点问题的考查,如“改革开放三十周年”、“科技进步”、“政治文明”诸多方面都有体现,也注意对前两次调研考试的“补缺”。

但个别试题存在命题意图与命题技巧的矛盾,个别试题的设问不够明确,答案的组织有待推敲,如选择题第10题,非选择题第22题的第4问等。

二、总体情况

学校科目A+率A率B+率B率

如东中学历史18.88 46.61 50.56 81.12

拼茶中学历史11.11 36.94 35.58 76.94

马塘中学历史 6.37 27.72 34.78 61.05

丰利中学历史 6.52 25.00 41.08 59.24

双甸中学历史7.57 33.51 35.40 68.11

岔河中学历史 4.35 25.47 24.72 66.46

掘港中学历史 5.62 18.54 26.42 47.19

兵房中学历史0.94 17.92 32.69 46.23

苴镇中学历史 5.77 22.12 50.56 60.58 与市二模考试相比,县中、拼中比较稳定,马中、双中、苴中上升幅度较大,岔中、掘中略有下滑,兵中下滑比较明显,另外校际之间、班级之间不平衡情况教大,需引起足够的重视。

三、学生答题存在问题

1、基本史实掌握不到位如第21题第3问对中央集权制度的评价,学生不能从政治、经济、文化、外交、民族关系等方面加以全面阐述,要点缺失,导致失分。

再如22题不少学生对苏联戈尔巴乔夫改革的影响不能准确表述,对该题第3问中的外交方面内容考虑不全面,不能从以联合国为中心和“地区性”国际组织两个角度回答问题。概念混淆,如21题将明朝中央行政制度“废丞相、设内阁”误答为“废丞相、设三司”。此外仍有考生出现错别字问题,如将三公九卿写成“三宫九卿” 、“三公诸卿”,将“丞相” 写成“臣相”说明考生对专有名词尚不能牢固掌握。2、审题不仔细,对关键性的提示限制语关注不够,答非所问。如21题第2问中郡县制开创性的贡献,多数考生答成中央集权制的作用、意义,第22题第2问中的时间界定为20世纪80年代,有些考生把苏联寻找的新途径答成20年代的新经济政策,以及80年代以前的赫鲁晓夫改革、勃列日涅夫改革。对第3问中的“世纪跨越” “融入世界”等关键词理解不够,答成了“深化改革”等方面的内容,在外交方面有些考生答到了70年代的外交成就。再如第23题第2问,一些考生没有注意题目中的“欧美”这个地理空间,所举事例不符要求。第3问,材料要求“认识科学技术、文学艺术与社会的关系”,有相当一部分同学理解为阐述三者之间的关系。

3、对所给的图文材料信息获取不全面,不习惯根据设问依据材料回答问题。如第23题的第一问,考生只从图1得出实验的方法,而没有从图2“苹果落地,牛顿思考它的原因”中得出观察思考的方法。再如第24题第2问,有部分考生依据所学知识把明治维新的内容写全了,而不是依据材料的出“文明开化”这一得分要点的。

4、归纳概括能力欠缺,不能把答案用要点化的结论性的语言准确表达到位。如第24题第3问,关于光绪帝的观点,学生概括能力不强,表述不准确,第二小问也有学生未能答到维护统治而答成“为了发展资本主义”等似是而非的内容。该题的第4问关于三个改革的共同点考生概括的要点比较多,但敲边鼓的偏多。一语中的较少。

三、复习建议

1、继续坚持夯实基础与提高能力并重的复习指导思想,引导学生对照考试说明回归教材,对考试说明上所列的知识点要逐一扫描,查漏补缺,扫除盲点,清除知识“死角”,力争全部过关,进一步的熟化活化教材。

2、要进一步学习考试说明和江苏省高中历史教学要求,对高中历史教学要求中的“史论共享”部分的结论性的语言,要指导学生熟记,并在答题过程中指导学生加以运用。

3、加强对学生“历史发展阶段意识” 的培养,帮助学生克服因教材编写体例变化而带来的历史阶段不明,时间界限不清的痼疾。

4、要强化训练,通过训练发现问题,查漏补缺,减少失误,提高能力,巩固前一阶段的复习成果。今后一阶段要做5套左右的综合训练,题目要精选精编,对外来的交流试卷不要照搬照用,要根据各校的情况来整合编制试卷,难易度要适当,针对性要强,提高训练的质量。每次训练的后要抓住班级B率临界生要做到面批,努力做好这些边缘学生的转化工作。

5、进一步加强讲评课的研究,提高讲评课的效益,通过讲评,抓审题能力训练,抓历史语言的归纳概括能力的训练,不断提升学生的解题思路和答题技巧、答题规范化的能力,

6、建议各位任课老师认真制订详细的复习计划,指导学生制订回归复习的计划,加强复习的计划性,克服复习的随意性。各位老师今后要督查学生及时巩固消化当天所学内容,特别是对重要的专题、重点、热点问题要整理上本,以此提高复习效率。

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