新目标人教Unit3 知识点总结八下

Unit3 Could you please clean your room?知识点

一.词形变化

1.动词:sweep--_______-_______ throw-________-_________ lend-________-_________

drop-________-_______ find-________-_________ fall—fell--fallen

2. fold--________(反义词) develop--__________(发达的)--_____________(发展中的)-___________(n)

fair-_________(反义词)-___________(n) permit(v.允许)-______________(n许可)

二.重要短语

do the chores干家务,处理琐事do the dishes洗碗,洗餐具sweep the floor擦洗地板,扫地

take out the trash/rubbish倒垃圾take one’s time 不急;慢慢来make the bed整理床铺fold the clothes叠衣服clean the living room打扫客厅do the laundry洗衣服take out 取出work on 从事,致力于

take care of 照顾,照看stay out late在外面呆得很晚get a ride 搭便车go to a meeting 去开会

give sb a ride to sp 搭乘某人去某地help out with sth 帮忙解决某事in a mess 杂乱无章

at least至少at most 至多any minute/ second/ moment now 随时,马上be back from….干…回来

as soon as = the minute= the second = the moment 一…..就….. take sb for a walk 带某人去散步

come over 过来,顺便来访all day 整天all evening 整晚come home from school/work 放学/下班回家

in surprise 吃惊地,惊讶地。reply to sb 回复某人all the time 一直pass sb sth = pass sth to sb 递给某人某物share sth with sb. 与某人分享某物ask sb. for help 向某人请求帮助 a waste of time /money 浪费时间/金钱get into =enter 进入depend on 依靠;信赖;取决于It all depends/ That depends 那得看情况而定

a developing country 一个发展中国家a developed country 一个发达国家with the development of 随着…的发展fall ill 生病fall asleep 入睡mind doing sth 介意做某事

三.重要句型

1.Would/Could you please (not) do sth ?请你(做)......好吗?

肯定回答:Sure./ Of course./ Certainly./No problem.

否定回答:Sorry , I can’t/ I’m afraid not.

2. neither/nor +助动词/系动词/情态动词+主语“某人(主语)也不

So+助动词/系动词/情态动词+主语“某人(主语)也…

neith er…nor既不..也不…/either..or..或者…或者… (连接并列主语,符合临近原则)Neither I nor Tom agrees with you neither 做代词:neither of sb+单数谓语Neither of them gives up.

3. (1) find +宾语+adj/介词短语I find the story interesting./ I find his room in a mess.

(2)find sb. doing sth 发现某人在做某事

(3)find it + adj. + to do sth 发现做某事很…… She found it hard to finish the work by herself.

4. borrow sth from sb. 从某人那里借某物You can borrow the book from the library.

lend sb sth=lend sth to sb 把某物借给某人He doesn’t want to lend his book to others.

5. hate to do sth 讨厌做某事, 表示某次具体行为或动作。I hate to trouble him.

hate doing sth不愿意做某事表示经常或习惯性行为或动作。She hates smoking in her room.

6.while conj. “在……期间;当……的时候” While 引导的时间状语从句的谓语动词只能是延续动词

Could you please take good care of our dog while we are away?

7. waste time/money on sth

waste time / money (in) doing sth 在做某事上花费时间/金钱

◆sb.+ spend +时间/钱+on sth ◆sb.+ pay + 钱+for sth I pay 10 yuan for the book.

◆sb. +spend +时间/钱+(in)doing sth ◆sth cost sb. +钱 A new computer costs me a lot of money.

8. in order to do sth= so as to do sth为了做某事。In order to keep healthy,We should keep exercising every day.

9. provide sb. with sth. =provide sth for sb.供应某人某物

offer sb. sth. = offer sth to sb.对某人提供某物offer to do sth 主动提出干某事

Supply sb. with sth= supply sth. to sb. 为某人提供某物

10. do one’s part in doing sth 在做某事上尽职责

11. keep +sth /sb. +adj. “使......处于某种状态” Her mother asked her to keep the windows open and the door closed.

12. as a result 结果,因此(插入语,放在句首,用逗号隔开)as a result of=because of+名词:由于…..的结果

It snowed so heavily. As a result, we had to put off the sports meeting.

we had to put off the sports meeting as a result of the heavy snow.

13. the + 比较级,the + 比较级“越...... 越...... ” The more you smile, the happier you will feel.

14. There is no need for sb to do sth. 某人没有必要做某事。There is no need for studens to answer this questions again.

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