虚拟语气经典例题及答案

虚拟语气经典例题及答案

Exercise One

1. We demanded that we __________ of any change in the plan.

A) informed B) would be informed C) be informed D) had been informed

2. It’s necessary that he _________ a recognized qualification.

A) has B) have C) had D) having

3. It's high time we ____________ our attention to this problem.

A) turned B) turn C) had turned D) would turn

4. If only you __________ him what I said! Everything would have been all right.

A)didn't told B) hadn't told C) would not tell D) would have not told

5. He must have had an accident, or he____________ here then.

A)would have been B) had been C) should have been D) could be

6. Much labour would have been saved if the electronic computers_____________ before.

A)had invented B) were invented C) should have been invented D) had been invented

7. _____________ cease advertising, prices would be significantly reduced.

A) Were they to B) Could they C) If they D) Would they

8. Five minutes earlier, and we ____________ the last bus.

A)had caught B) should have caught C) could have caught D) caught

9. Y ou ____________ the clothes! We have a washerwoman to do that sort of thing.

A) shouldn't have washed B) mustn't have washed

C) can not have washed D) needn't have washed

10. Jean doesn't want to work right away because she thinks that if she _________ a job she probably wouldn't be able to see her friends very often.

A) has to get B) were to get C) had got D) could have got

11. The mad man was put in the soft-padded cell lest he _____________ himself.

A) injure B) had injured C) injured D) would injure

12. It is politely requested by the hotel management that radios __________ after 11 o'clock at night.

A) were not played B) not to play C) not be played D) did not play

13. Y ou don't have to be in such a hurry. I would rather you _________ on business first. (98-1-59)

A) would go B) will go C) went D) have gone

14. It is important that enough money ___________ to fund the project.

A) be collected B) must be collected C) was collected D) can be collected

15. If only the committee __________ the regulations and put them into effect as soon as possible.

A)approve B) will approve C) can approve D) would approve

16. I don't think it advisable that Tom ________ to the job since he has no experience.

A) is assigned B) will be assigned C) be assigned D) has been assigned

17. Y ou _________ her in her office last Friday; she's been out of town for two weeks.

A)needn't have seen B) must have seen

C) might have seen D) can't have seen

18. We didn't know his telephone number, otherwise we _________ him.

A) would have telephoned B) must have telephoned

C) would telephone D) had telephoned

19. It is recommended that the project _________ until all the preparations have been made.

A) is not started B) will not be started

C) not be started D) is not to be started

20. I wish I ________ longer this morning, but I had to get up and come to class.

A) could have slept B) slept

C) might have slept D) have slept

21. I ________ her to the party but I didn't know her well.

A) ought have B) would have invited

C) should invite D) may have invited

22. Y ou ________ to town to see the film last week. It will be on TV tomorrow.

A) needn't go B) should not go

C) had better not go D) needn't have gone

23. With all this work on hand, he __________ to the cinema last night.

A) mustn't go B) wouldn't go

C) oughtn't to go D) shouldn't have gone

24. It was essential that the application forms ___________ back before the deadline (截止日期)

A) must be sent B) would be sent C) be sent D) were sent

Exercise Two

1. If I _________ the opportunity I would not have missed it.

A) had given C) had been giving

B) was given D) had been given

2. If we _______ yesterday, we _________ the work.

A) weren't interrupted.., would finish

B) didn't interrupt.., would have finished

C) hadn't been interrupted.., would have finished

D) hadn't interrupted.., would have finished

3. Ask him to ring me up if you ____________ him.

A) should see C) .saw

B) would see D) will see

4. Y our examination results were quite satisfactory, but ________ if you had spent less time in playing football?

A) wouldn't they have been better C) won't they be better

B) wouldn't they be better D) won't they have been better

5. I didn't know this Picasso exhibit was closed, but I wouldn't have been able to come even if _________ about it.

A) I know C) I have been knowing

B) I'd known D) I've known

6. If he ___________ hard in the past five years, things wouldn't be going so smoothly.

A) had not been working C) was not working

B) has not been working D) were not working

7. "Do you think the thief entered through the garage door?"

"No. If he had, I don't believe he __________ the living room window."

A) would have broken C) has broken

B) had broken D) broke

8. I wish that you hadn't had such a bad headache because I'm sure that you ________ the concert.

A) will enjoy C) would enjoy

B) will have enjoyed D) would have enjoyed

9. I'd rather you __________ anything about it for the time being.

A) do B) didn't do C) don't do D) didn't

10. He doesn't dare to leave the house in case ___________.

A) he will recognize C) he is recognized

B) he should be recognized D) he recognize

11. He is working hard for fear that he ___________ .

A) fell behind C) should fall behind

B) may fall behind D) would fall behind

12. The driver looked over the engine carefully lest it _________ on the way.

A) breaks down C) would break down

B) broke down D) should break down

13. It is highly desirable that a new chairman ___________ for the committee.

A) will be elected C) elect

B) is elected D) be elected

14. It is requested that every student ___________ a plan for the next semester.

A) makes B) will make C) make D) would make

15. The librarian recommended that the professor __________ the newly published book.

A) borrow C) should have borrowed

B) borrowed D) borrowing

16. If they _________ the contract ahead of time, they could not have missed the plan.

A) signed C) would have signed

B) had signed D) should sign

17. I don't think it advisable that he _________ to the job since he has no experience.

A) be assqgned C) is assigned

B) will be assigned D) has been assigned

18. What do you think of his proposal that we __________ put on a play at the English evening?

A) will B) should C) has D) have

19. He must have missed the train, otherwise he _________ then.

A) should arrive here C) would have arrived here

B) has arrived here D) arrived here

20. But for friction, people _________ neither walk, nor even stand up.

A) can B) were able to C) will be able D) could

21. Mr. Johnson prefers that _________ with him personally.

A) she speaks C) she speak

B) she will speak D) she would speak

22. Y ou _________ yesterday, if you were really serious about the job.

A) ought to come C) ought to be coming

B) ought to have come D) ought have come

23. The old worker urged that we __________ cheaper materials instead.

A) use B) used C) would use D) will use

24. Suppose/Supposing you _________ him now, what would you say to him?

A) meet B) met C) have met D) would meet

25. His father had hoped that he ________ into business.

A) would have gone C) can go

B) will go D) would go

26. Helen doesn't know how much I spent in repairing the house; if she ever found out, I'm sure she __________ me.

A) would never forgive C) does never forgive

B) never forgives D) will never forgive

KEY:

Exercise One

1-5: CBABC6-10: DACDB 11-15: ACCAD16-20: CDACA 21-24: BDDC

Exercise Two:

1-5: DCAAB 6-10: AADBB 11-15: CDDBA 16-20: BABCD 21-25: CBABB 26-30: BACDA

虚拟语气练习题

1. I loved the movie. I wish I _____ the book from which it was made.

A. have read

B. had read

C. should have read

D. am reading

2. Y ou are late. If you _____ a few minutes earlier, you _____ him.

A. came/could meet

B. had come/would have met

C. come/will meet

D. had come/would meet

3. It is time that you _____ home and I’d rather you _____ again tomorrow.

A. would go/would come

B. went/came

C. go/are going

D. are going/will come

4. It is important that I _____ with Mr Williams immediately.

A. speak

B. spoke

C. will speak

D. to speak

5. —He has just come out of the hospital.

—No wonder he looked as if he _____ ill for a long time.

A. was

B. were

C. has been

D. had been

6. But for his friends, he _____ of hunger 30 years ago.

A. died

B. would die

C. must have died

D. would have died

7. How I wish I _____ to repair the watch! I only made it worse.

A. had tried

B. hadn't tried

C. have tried

D. didn't try

8. Let’s say you could go there again, how _____ feel?

A. will you

B. should you

C. would you

D. do you

9. I can’t stand him. He always talks as though he _____ everything.

A. knew

B. knows

C. has known

D. had known

10. I suggested yesterday a meeting _____ to discuss the matter.

A. be held

B. should hold

C. would be held

D. must be held

11. I wish I _____.

A. will tell him that

B. didn’t tell him that

C. told him not that

D. had not told him that

12. If you had told me in advance, I _____ him at the airport.

A. would meet

B. would had meet

C. would have met

D. must have met

13. I certainly wish he _____ me how to sing English songs.

A. teaches

B. will teach

C. has taught

D. would teach

14. I wish I _____ able to tell him all about it last night.

A. should be

B. were

C. had been

D. was

15. I wish he _____ me some money if I am lucky enough.

A. had lent

B. lent

C. would lend

D. lends

16. If it _____ another ten minutes, the game would have been put off.

A. had rained

B. would have rained

D. have rained D. rained

17. Our former maths teacher died last term, otherwise he _____.

A. would still be working

B. would still have worked

C. should still work

D. will still work

18. My father’s doctor suggested that he _____ home.

A. not went

B. won’t go

C. not go

D. not to go

19. When Edison died, it was proposed that the American people _____ all power in their homes, streets, and

factories for several minutes in honor of this great man.

A. turn off

B. turned off

C. would turn off

D. had turned off

20. John wished _____.

A. he will study more

B. he had studied more

C. he studies

D. he won’t have studied more

21. Y ou look so tired tonight. It is time you _____.

A. go to sleep

B. went to sleep

C. go to bed

D. went to bed

22. I would have bought a car if I _____ enough money.

A. were having

B. have had

C. would have

D. had had

23. _____ today, he would get there by Friday.

A. Would he leave

B. Was he leaving

C. Were he to leave

D. If he leaves

24. Without the food, he _____.

A. will be thinner

B. would be thinner

C. is thinner

D. must be thinner

25. If they’d only let us know earlier, _____ at the station.

A. we’d meet them

B. we’ll meet them

C. we’d have met them

D. we’ve met them

26. If I _____ you, I _____ more attention to English idioms and phrases.

A. were/shall pay

B. am/will pay

C. would be/would pay

D. were/would pay

27. We might have failed if you _____ us a helping hand.

A. have not given

B. would not give

C. had not given

D. did not give

28. The law requires that everyone _____ for his education.

A. pays

B. paid

C. will pay

D. pay

29. _____, call the police.

A. If anyone will attempt to break in

B. Would anyone attempt to break in

C. Anyone should attempt to break in

D. Should anyone attempt to break in

30. Had I known her name, _____.

A.or does she know mine?

B. and where does she live?

C. I would have invited her to lunch

D. she would be beautiful

31. He has just arrived, but he talks as if he _____ all about that.

A. knew

B. knows

C. known

D. know

32. If I _____ the money, I would have bought a much bigger car.

A. possessed

B. owned

C. had

D. had had

33. I’d rather you ______ by train, because I can't bear the idea of your being in an airplane in such bad

weather.

A. would go

B. should go

C. went

D. had gone

34. The librarian insisted that John _____ the book he had borrowed.

A. shouldn’t returned

B. won’t returned

C. not return

D. didn’t return

35. I left very early last night, but I wish I _____ so early.

A. didn’t leave

B. hadn’t left

C. haven’t left

D. couldn’t leave

36. I do not have a job. I would find one but I _____ no time.

A. had

B. didn’t have

C. had had

D. have

37. He _____ the job well, but he _____ so careless.

A. hadn’t done/had been

B. could have done/was

C. could do/was

D. had done/had been

38. He insisted that we all _____ in his office at one o'clock.

A. were

B. to be

C. would be

D. should be

39. I _____ to stay there for one more week, but I changed my mind.

A. would have hoped

B. was hoping

C. had hoped

D. hoped

40. The doctor did all he could so that he _____ save the soldier’s life.

A. might

B. must

C. had to

D. was able to

41. _____ you _____ last Wednesday, you might have known it well.

A. Were/to come

B. If/came

C. Had/come

D. Did/come

42. We _____ delighted if the report _____ true.

A. were/were

B. shall be/were

C. would be/were

D. were/would be

43. If he _____ here, he _____ you.

A. had been/would helped

B. were/would help

C. were/had helped

D. would have been/had helped

44. If I had known that, I _____ so.

A. wouldn’t have done

B. didn’t do

C. won’t do

D. wouldn’t do

45. He didn’t come, but I wish he _____ here now.

A. is

B. had been

C. were

D. should be

46. Y ou _____ the train if you _____ a little earlier.

A. could take/started

B. could have taken/had started

C. could take/had started

D. could have taken/started

47. She couldn’t have answered the question if she _____ the book.

A. didn’t read

B. wouldn’t read

C. haven’t read

D. hadn’t read

48. The officer gave the order that soldiers _____ to go out at night.

A. not be allowed

B. mustn’t be allowed

C. be not allowed

D. shouldn’t allow

49. _____ he would have succeeded in the examinations.

A. If he has worked hard

B. If he works hard

C. Had he worked hard

D. Were he worked hard

50. He was taken away by the police. He _____ for a thief.

A. should have been mistaken

B. must have been mistaken

C. could have been mistaken

D. is mistaken

虚拟语气答案

1—5 BBBAD 6—10 DBCAA

11—15 DCDCC 16—20 AACAB

21—25 DDCBC 26—30 DCDDC

31—35 ADCDB 36—40 DBDCA

41—45 CCBAC 46—50 BDACB

1. If I ____ where he lived,I ____ a note to him.

A. knew,would

B. had known,would have sent

C. know,would send

D. knew,would have sent

2. If they ____ earlier than expected,they ____ here now.

A. had started,would be

B. started,might be

C. had started,would have been

D. will start,might have been

3. I didn't know his telephone number. ____ it,I ____ then.

A. Had I known,would ring him up

B. Should I know,would have rung him up

C. If I knew;would ring him up

D. Had I known;would have rung him up

4. Mary is ill today. If she _____,she ____ absent from school.

A. were not ill,wouldn't be

B. had been ill,wouldn't have been

C. had been ill,should have been

D. hadn't been ill,could be

5. Were I to do it,I ________ it some other way.

A. will do

B. would do

C. would have done

D. were to do

6. I ________ him the answer ________ possible,but I was so busy then.

A. could tell,if it had been

B. must have told,were it

C. should have told,had it been

D. should have told,should it be

7. Without your help,we________ so much.

A. won't achieve

B. didn't achieve

C. don't achieve

D. wouldn't have achieved

8. Y ou didn't take his advice. ________ his advice,you ________ such a mistake.

A. Had you taken,wouldn't have made

B. If you had taken,would make

C. Were you lo take,shouldn't have made

D. Have you taken,won't have made

9. We wish we ____ what you did when we were at high school.

A. did

B. could have done

C. have done

D. should do

10. She wishes she ____ to the theatre last night.

A. went

B. would go

C. had gone

D. were going

11. Tom is very short now. His mother wishes that he ________ be tall when he grows up.

A. could

B. should

C. would

D. were able to

12. My sister advised me that I ________ accept the invitation.

A. could

B. must

C. should

D. might

13. He asks that he ________ an opportunity to explain why he's refused to go there.

A. is given

B. must give

C. should give

D. be given

14. Do you think of Wang Fang's suggestion that he ________ Mr. Li to the party?

A. will invite

B. have invited

C. is invited

D. invite

15. I insisted that he ________ at once.

A. be gone

B. go

C. would go

D. might go

16. Li Ming insisted that he ________ anything at all.

A. hadn't stolen

B. shouldn't steal

C. doesn't steal

D. steal

17. It is quite natural that my coming late again ________ them very angry.

A. had made

B. would make

C. makes

D. make

18. He acted as if he ________ everything in the world.

A. knew

B. knows

C. has known

D. won't know

19. Read it aloud so that I ________ you clearly.

A. may hear

B. will hear

C. hear

D. have heard

20. They got up early in order that they ________ they first train.

A. caught

B. will catch

C. might catch

D. shall catch

21. I am sorry that he ________ in such poor health.

A. are

B. shall be

C. were

D. should be

22. That is a good book. Y ou ________ it yesterday.

A. could buy

B. should buy

C. should have bought

D. bought

23. It is high time we ________ home.

A. will go

B. would go

C. have gone

D. went

24. I'd rather that you ________ home.

A. went

B. have gone

C. will go

D. had gone

25. If only I _________ to the lecture!

A. listen

B. will listen

C. am listening

D. had listened

26. —— If he_____,he ______ that food.

---- Luckily he was sent to the hospital immediately.

A. was warned,would not take

B. had been warned,would not have taken

C. would be warned,had not taken

D. would have been warned,had not taken

27. I didn't see your sister at the meeting. If she _________,she would have met my brother.

A. has come

B. did come

C. came

D. had come

28. Without electricity,human life ________ quite different today.

A. is

B. will be

C. would have been

D. would be

29. He ________ you more help,even though he was very busy.

A. might have given

B. might give

C. may have given

D. may give

30. If city noises _______ from increasing,people _______ shout to be heard even at the dinner table 20 years from now.

A. are not kept,will have to

B. are not kept,have to

C. do not keep,will have to

D. do not keep,have to

31. Mike's father,as well as his mother,insisted that he ________ home.

A. stayed

B. could stay

C. has stayed

D. stay

32. Mr. Smith insisted that he ________ the work all.

A. had done

B. have done

C. did

D. so

33. Jane would never have gone to the party ________ that Mary would come to see her.

A. has she known

B. had she known

C. if she know

D. if she has known

34. If you had enough money,what ________?

A. will you buy

B. would you buy

C. would you have bought

D. will you have bought

35. If you ________ that film late last night,you wouldn't be so sleepy.

A. didn't see

B. haven't seen

C. wouldn't have seen

D. hadn't seen

36. Our monitor requested that ________.

A. all the class studied more carefully the problem

B. the problem was more carefully studied

C. with great care the problem could be studied

D. all the class study the problem more carefully

37. —— Would you have called her up had it been possible?

Y es, but I ________ busy doing my homework.

A. was

B. were

C. had been

D. would be

38. His tired face suggested that he ________ really tired after the long walk.

A. had been

B. was

C. be

D. should be

39. It is important that we ________.

A. shall close the window before we leave

B. will close the window before we leave

C. must close the window before we leave

D. close the window before we leave

40. I didn't know his telephone number,otherwise I ______ him.

A. had telephoned

B. would telephone

C. would have telephoned

D. telephone

参考答案

1~5 BADAB 6~10 CDABC 11~15 CCDDB 16~20 ADAAC 21~25 DCDAD 26~30 BDDAA

31~35 DABBD 36~40 DABDC

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