Unit 1Life is a learning curve
Listening to the world
H = Hina; W1 = Woman 1, etc.; M1 = Man 1, etc.
H: I have a full-time job but I like learning new things in my spare time. At the moment, I’m studying Spanish. I’m enjoying it but I’m finding it quite difficult. Today we’re asking people about learning new things.
W1: I’m learning to speak another language, actually. I’m learning French. I’m also learning, er, to drive.
W2: I’m learning to play golf at the moment. Um, my husband and my son play golf, and when we go on holiday, I feel that I want to be able to play with them.
W3: I’m learnin g to speak Spanish.
W4: I am learning Arabic.
M1: Well, I’ve been learning to play the guitar for about 50 years now. And it’s a constant process, so still learning bits, yes.
W5: I’m learning yoga at the moment, and I’m finding it quite hard.
M2: The courses I’m taking are, are training courses for leadership, er, negotiation, (and) evaluation.
M3: I’m learning Swahili.
W6: At the moment, I’m learning to paint and draw in evening classes for adults.
W7: I’m studying part-time after work.
M4: I’ve er, just learned how to er, do a lot of kayaking.
W8: I am learning how to design a website at the moment.
W9: I’m in a choir so singing, I guess, is pretty much the only thing I’m doing at the moment.
M5: At the moment, I’m taking up a new instrument. It’s a traditional instrument from Zimbabwe, and it’s called the mbira. Er, let me show you.
H: What’s the most difficult thing you’ve ever learned?
M5: Patience, I think.
W3: Learning a language is particularly difficult for myself (me), so probably learning the Spanish. W6: The most difficult thing I have ever learned is Mandarin Chinese. I did it in evening classes a few years ago and I found it really, really difficult.
W5: Probably capoeira, which is a Brazilian dance, martial art, fight thing. It’s a combination of all of these things. And yes, that was very difficult because there were lots of unusual body movements to learn.
W1: Learning to drive was the most difficult thing.
M3: Well, I learned some Sanskrit, and that’s got um, nine cases, two more than Latin. It’s quite difficult by most standards.
M4: I think I found French very hard at school.
W2: Um, I learned to play the trumpet at school. That was pretty difficult. Er ... and maybe learning to drive. I hated learning to drive.
P = presenter; S = Sally
P: Hi. You’re listening to Ask the Expert and in today’s program we’re talking about languages and how to learn a language. Our expert today is Sally Parker, who is a teacher. Hi Sally.
P: Sally, our first question today is from Andy. He says, “I’ve just started learning English. My problem is that I’m too frightened to speak. My grammar is not very good, so I’m worried about saying the wrong thing.” Have you got any advice for Andy?
S: OK. Well, the first thing is I think Andy should practice speaking to himself.
P: Speaking to himself? I’m not sure that’s a good idea.
S: I know it sounds silly, but talking to yourself in a foreign language is a really good way to practice. You don’t have to feel embarrassed, because nobody can hear you. You can talk to yourself about anything you like –what you had for breakfast, where you’re going for the weekend – anything. And the more you do it, the more you will get used to hearing your own vo ice and your pronunciation, so you won’t feel so frightened in the classroom. Andy should try it.
P: Hm, I suppose so. Anything else? What about his grammar?
S: He has only just started learning English, so he is going to make lots of mistakes, but tha t’s not
a problem. That’s how he’ll learn. Andy shouldn’t worry about making mistakes.
P: You’re right. So Andy, try talking to yourself, and don’t worry about making mistakes. Our next problem comes from Olivia in Brazil. She is worried about pronunciation. She says, “The problem is I can’t understand native speakers. They speak so fast and I can’t understand their pronunciation.” So Sally, any ideas for Olivia?
S: Well, first of all it’s a good idea for her to practice her listening skills. She should listen to English as much as possible to get used to how it sounds. Listen to the news, listen to podcasts, (and) watch English television.
P: OK –that’s a good idea.
S: And another thing she should do is to focus on listening and reading at the same time. If you listen to something on the Internet, you can often read the transcript. If you listen and read at the same time, it’ll help you see what the words sound like and how the words sound when a native speaker is talking.
P: Great. Thank you, Sally. Well, huh, I’m afraid that’s all we have time for today, but next week we’ll be …
N = Narrator; I = Ian Deary; W1 = Woman 1, etc.; M1 = Man 1, etc.
N: Recent research into the history of IQ tests in Scotland suggests your IQ score might predict, to an extent at least, your health and even your life expectancy.
W1: You have 45 minutes to do the test, OK?
N: Bill and Davina are 79 years old. This is the second time they’ve done this test. The first time was in 1932, when every 11-year-old in Scotland was put through an intelligence test. It’s the only time this kind of mass testing has ever been done in the UK. The results were rediscovered recently in an Edinburgh basement. If you want to know how our intelligence changes as we get older, these results are a potential goldmine.
I: We brought hundreds of people back and we got them to sit the exact same test that they had sat when they were aged 11. Now, these people are now 79 or 80 years old. We gave the same instructions. We gave the same test. And we gave the same time limit.
M2: It was a little stickier than I thought it would be.
M3: I walked through it quite happily, quite honestly.
W2: I felt I must have been very bright at 11 if I sat that exam and passed.
N: There were some intriguing results. Almost everyone had a better score at 80 than they did at 11.
But some had gone from being just averagely intelligent to a much higher level.
I: Now, that’s what really drives our research. We’re interested in: Why have those people who’ve gone (people gone) from IQ 100, at age 11, up to 110 or 120? What have they done right?
What can be the recipe for successful aging? We’re finding that the person with more education, even though they had the same IQ in childhood, is doing slightly better in old age, on average. The person who had a more professional job, in old age, is doing slightly better on average than the person who had a manual job, despite the fact that they started at the same level. The people who smoked have got slightly less good mental ability than you would expect.
N: What’s even more remarkable is that the kids who had higher IQ scores at 11 are the very ones still alive today. So it seems high IQ in childhood is good for survival.
Speaking for communication
A: Ah, OK, so we need to think of the best ideas for taking tests.
A: Er, well, how about this one? It’s a good idea to study with friends at the same time each day. B: Mm, in my opinion, this is a really good idea. You can make it a regular part of your daily life. A: You mean like having breakfast at the same time, lunch at the same time, studying at the same time.
B: Yes. And also I think it helps when you study with friends.
A: Yeah, I, I think it’s more motivating.
B: And you can actually talk to someone, not just look at books. I find that if I’m only reading my notes it’s easy to lose concentration. I start thinking about other things. But when you are talking to someone, it really helps you concentrate. So, yes, I agree with this one.
A: OK. Another idea is not to eat too much before the exam.
B: Oh, really?
A: Mm, when I eat a lot, I get sleepy.
B: Oh, I see. I think it depends. Because if you don’t eat enough, you start to feel hungry in the middle of the exam.
A: Mm, that’s true.
B: And then you can’t concentrate.
A: Yeah, that’s true.
B: So, I’m not sure about this advice, for me. As I said, I think it depends. I always try to eat a good meal before an exam. I’m so nervous that I never get sleepy.
A: Hm. OK. What other ideas do you have?
B: Well, there’s one thing I always do before an exam.
A: What’s that?
B: I go to bed early the night before.
B: I always try to sleep for eight hours the night before the exam.
Further practice in listening
W: It is the third time my paper has been rejected by journals because of language problems. M: You know, there is a writing center on campus. I had never got a grade better than C for any of my term papers before they helped me out.
Q: What can we learn from the conversation?
The woman should seek help from the writing center
M: You said you would choose Spanish as your second foreign language. Why did you finally choose French instead?
W: My grandfather speaks fluent French and he says that French is a language that any truly cultured person must know.
Q: Why does the woman choose to learn French?
She thinks speaking French is a must for cultured people.
W: You seem to have no problem understanding native speakers now. How about Dr. Brown’s speech last night?
M: Excellent. But it was still too fast for me to follow, especially when Dr. Brown talked about those abstract theories.
Q: What did the man do last night?
He attended a speech.
M: It seems to me that Melissa is in a bad mood today. What’s wrong with her?
W: Melissa forgot to bring her identification card yesterday and she was not allowed to enter the contest. You know she had prepared for the contest for months.
Q: What made Melissa unhappy?
That she lost her chance to enter the contest.
W: I think my time at school is wasted because it is just studying books and doing tests.
M: But you also learn new ideas and new ways of thinking. And more importantly you meet people and develop your understanding of people at school.
Q: What does the man think of the woman’s opinion?
It is one-sided.
M: Miranda, let’s speak about your performance in class. You’re not participating; you’re careless with your assignments and often hand them in late. You don’t want to be here, do you?
W: I’m sorry Dr. Smith. It’s just … I’ve got lots of things to do. I’m studying Web design and I’m
a first-class player on our golf team. It’s hard to see why I need to take a Spanish language
M: Well, I’m sorry you feel that way, but learning another language can improve your performance in all of your efforts. And it can be very useful sometimes, for instance, when you visit your father in Mexico.
W: Gosh! What do you mean, professor? Just because my father does business in Mexico I’m supposed to learn Spanish –on top of everything else I have to learn? It’s just too much! And if
I don’t spend enough time on the golf course, I won’t remain a first-class player on the golf
team. I still don’t see why I should learn a language that’s so hard for me. There are no verb tenses on the golf course or in Web design!
M: Listen Miranda, I’ve known your father since we were students at university 20 yearsago – and have known you since you were a little girl. Of course, there are no verb tenses in golf or Web design. But I am giving you good advice. Please listen.
W: Y es, of course, you’re like my favorite uncle.
M: Your brain isn’t like a cup that has water flowing over its edge when it is full. Instead, it’s like a muscle. Learning Spanish exercises your brain in new ways, making it stronger. It will strengthen your critical thinking skills and creativity.
W: Really?! Then I guess I can give it a try.
Q1 How was the woman doing in the man’s class?
She often fails to turn in her homework on time.
Q2What does the woman think of learning Spanish?
It presents great difficulty for her.
Q3What do we know from this conversation about the man?
He has a good personal relationship with the woman.
Q4What is the woman most likely to do after talking to the man?
Work harder in her Spanish class.
I began learning Spanish when I was in high school, using a traditional academic method of
studying verbs, sentence structures, and grammar by using textbooks and not much else. I found it very easy to learn, but was frustrated with the slow pace and repetitive nature of all my Spanish classes. So I worked extra hard in my spare time and asked my teacher if I could skip a level by the end of the semester.
This was unsuccessful, however, because the school was not willing to test me or otherwise prove that I could be successful in the top level after skipping a level. This made things even more frustrating, as then I was stuck in a class where I already knew the material!
Then I went on to college where I then used the language extensively both in and out of the classroom. I studied Spanish literature, culture, and linguistics and very much enjoyed the cultural and linguistic elements, but found the in-depth study of literature a very unbalanced way to study Spanish.
I got a lot out of using my Spanish outside of the classroom, including a trip to Mexico with a church group, where I found myself acting as an interpreter. It was certainly challenging, but it was also a lot of fun.
I then also volunteered to be an interpreter in the community schools and also used my Spanish to teach English to some Spanish speakers. This is probably where I learned the most!
Q1: What do we know about the speaker’s Spanish learning experience in high school?
She showed dissatisfaction with the slow pace of her class.
Q2: What made the speaker feel frustrated while leaning Spanish in high school?
She had to learn the material that she already knew.
Q3: What did the speaker say about her study of Spanish literature in college?
It proved to be an unbalanced way to learn the language.
Q4: Which experience benefited the speaker most in terms of her use of Spanish?
She taught Spanish speakers how to speak English.
Scripts and answers
Have you ever heard of homeschooling? It is a legal choice for parents in most countries to provide their children with a learning environment as an 1) alternative to public or private schools outside the home. Parents cite 2) numerous reasons for homeschooling their children. The three reasons that are selected by the majority of parents in the United States are the concern about the 3) traditional school environment, the lack of religious or moral instruction, and the dissatisfaction with the 4) academic instruction at public and private schools. Homeschooling may also be a factor in the choice of parenting style. Homeschooling can be a choice for families living in isolated 5) countryside or living briefly abroad. Also many young 6) athletes and actors are taught at home.
Homeschoolers often 7) take advantage of educational opportunities at museums, libraries, community centers, athletic clubs, after-school programs, churches, parks, and other community resources. 8) Secondary school level students may take classes at community colleges, which typically have open admission policies.
Groups of homeschooling families often join up together to create homeschool co-ops. These groups typically meet once a week and provide a classroom environment. These are family- centered support groups whose members seek to pool their talents and resources 9) in a collectiveeffort to broaden the scope of their children’s education. They provide a classroom environment where students can do hands-on and group learning such as performing, science experiments, art projects, foreign language study, spelling contests, discussions, etc. Parents whose children take the classes 10) serve as volunteers to keep costs low and make the program a success.
Unit 2 Journey into the unknown
Listening to the world
F = Finn; W1 = Woman 1, etc.; M1 = Man 1, etc.
F: I’ve spent a lot of time living in different countries so there isn’t one place I think of as home.
I’ve lived in Scotland and Poland and China. I love going to new places and learning about new
c ultures. Today, I’m asking people about travel.
W1: I love travel. It’s one of my passions.
M1: Well, I enjoy it a lot. I have traveled to India several times. I lived there, and I’ve lived here, and I’ve been to Istanbul once and I enjoyed tha t very much.
W2: I’ve done quite a bit of traveling on holidays and stuff. I think it’s good, good experience.
W3: You get to meet different people coming from different backgrounds, and that’s really important to get an understanding.
M2: It’s alway s just nice to get out and experience a different culture and different lifestyle.
W4: I get very excited about the thought of going to most countries, any country.
W5: I love to travel to different countries.
M3: Absolutely love traveling. I’ve been traveling for about two and a half years solid now.
W6: I’ve been to Turkey. I’ve been to Egypt. I’ve been to Malta.
M4: I work as an expedition leader and so I actually operate in different countries around the world, many places outside the United Kingdom.
F: What do you like about traveling?
M3: I think you mature a lot when you travel. You, er, you learn … oh, just completely different experiences to what you’re used to at home.
W6: I like the airport experience. I love that.
M5: I like the arrival more than the traveling.
W5: To see art especially. We love to see theater in other countries.
M4: You see some, some of the most beautiful scenery around the world which you wouldn’t experience in other countries.
M2: I just really like getting out there and experiencing a different culture, getting far away from, you know, what we’re used to in Australia, and meeting new people.
W4: The anticipation of being in a new place, of seeing very different things, er, of hearing a different language, (and) of eating different food. Everything that travel has to offer.
F: What don’t you like?
W6: I don’t like long flights.
W3: I suppose plane journeys aren’t always the most exciting of things.
W1: Flying. I don’t particularly like flying, but it’s a necessity when you live in Ireland, you know. M2: I suppose the biggest problem I have with traveling is living out of a suitcase.
W4: In all honesty, I actually see the whole travel as an adventure in itself. So, er, when, when I was backpacking, and we all … we ran out of money, or we were in dangerous situations, I actually quite enjoyed that.
M4: You spend a lot of time outside the United Kingdom, and the disadvantage of that is, that you, you tend to miss familie s and friends. I miss out on normal things in life, so … I’ve been outside the United Kingdom for two thirds of the year. I’d say that’s the main disadvantage. W5: The hardest thing for me is that I am handicapped. And so sometimes getting around, especially very old cities, is very difficult.
M5: My wife’s usually late for … getting to the airport. It wasn’t until I, I got married I actually started missing flights.
One place that I think everyone should have the chance to see is Venice. But the problem is that this beautiful and charming city is slowly sinking. Ever since the 14th century engineers have tried to work out a way to stop the floods in Venice, but so far nobody has managed. Sometimes there are as many as 40 floods per year between March and September, and Venice is actually sinking at a rate of two and a half inches every decade. It’s very possible that your grandchildren, and their grandchildren will never have the chance to see this fragile city. Everyone should have the chance to enjoy the city, to walk across its famous bridges, through its ancient squares. There are no cars in Venice, and many people think it helps this to be one of the most romantic cities in the world. So, can it be saved?
Well, they are trying. Barriers are being put in to try and stop the water getting too high. This is viewed as a temporary measure, although they should last 100 years, so the problem is finding a permanent solution. If you want my advice, go there while you still can, and then together we can put pressure on the government to spend the money it needs to find a permanent way to keep this beautiful and historic city for future generations. We have an opportunity now to save this city, and we must, before it’s too late.
V = V oice-over; M1 = Man 1, etc.; JL = Joanna Lumley; W1 = Woman 1, etc.;
EH = Eamonn Holmes; JJE = Jocelyn Jee Esien; AF = Alex Fraser;
JP = John Palmer; MJ = Melanie Jones; LS = Lucy Sassoon; Vs = V oices
V: There are so many amazing places to see around the world. Here are some of your favorites.
Welcome to Bangkok! With over six million people, it’s big, it’s busy and you love it! It’s very good for shopping and the nightlife is great, too.
M1: It’s got lots of clubs, bars, shops, food … Everything you need, really.
V: There are 400 temples in Bangkok, so Bangkok is an important place for Buddhists around the world, and tourists love to visit the temples, too.
V: You also love the Masai Mara in Kenya. It’s a fantastic place to watch animals: zebras, elephants, antelope, hippos, and lions. You can see them all. So, why is it so special?
JL: Huge open spaces, fantastic animals, just wide open freedom, warmth, friendliness, and all underneath the great African skies.
V: Now a popular, romantic city … the city of lights, Paris.
W1: To me, Paris is elegant, romantic and expensive.
W2: Go in the spring and enjoy the art galleries.
V: And enjoy the views of the city from the top of the Eiffel Tower.
V: Back to Africa now, South Africa. Yes, it’s Cape Town. And behind Cape Town is the 1,000-meter-high Table Mountain, with its fantastic views.
EH: Cape Town is one of my top three places on earth.
JJE: Friendly people, loads of beaches, and the food is unbelievably cheap.
M2: We went there um, over New Year and it was lovely. I mean, just a lovely, lovely place.
EH: Great place, Cape Town.
V: You love the mountains and beaches that make Cape Town so special. And these little guys –the penguins.
V: This is the big moment: the number one place to see before you die. Your favorite is … the Grand Canyon! The Grand Canyon is an amazing place. You can read about the Grand Canyon and you can look at photographs and videos, but nothing can prepare you for the real thing.
AF: There is so much to see that you never stop seeing something new.
JP: The colors are just so … amazing.
MJ: With every changing inch of the sunset, the colors in the canyon change.
LS: I remember actually sitting there … and I just cried.
V: But there’s only one word that everyone says when they talk about the Grand Canyon:
Vs: It really is awesome … Just completely awesome … Awesome … “Awesome” is the word …
It was awesome … Awesome … Awesome … “Awesome” is the only word … Truly awesome.
Speaking for communication
Man: Excuse me. We’re trying to get to the carnival. Is this the right bus stop?
Woman: Yes, but you don’t need the bus. It’s very close.
Man: Oh! Can we walk?
Woman: Yes, it takes about 10 minutes from here. Just go straight on. You’ll hear the music! Man: OK. Thank you very much.
Woman: Excuse me, can you help me? I’m looking for the Plaza Hotel. Is this the right way? Man: Um … Plaza Hotel, er, Plaza Hotel. Oh, yes, keep going, past the cinema and take the first left.
Man: Then keep going for about 15 minutes until you reach the end of the road. And you’ll see the sign for the hotel. You can’t miss it.
Woman: OK. Um, can you show me on the map?
Man 1: Excuse me, we want to get to The Grand Motel. Is it far?
Woman: Um … sorry, I’ve no idea. Jim, do you know?
Man 2: What?
Woman: The Grand Motel?
Man 2: The Grand Motel? Yeah, it’s just over there. Er, just go to the end of this street. Go left and go past the … um … there’s a restaurant. Go past the restaurant and it’s on the left. Man 1: On the left. So I need to go to the end of the street, turn left, go past the restaurant and it’s on the left. Man 2: Yeah, that’s it.
Man 1: Thanks a lot.
OK, well, we would like to go to Easter Island. It is very isolated, very far from other places. Er, we are going to travel there by plane and stay with different families and the trip is going to take three months. We want to experience the local culture, their music, food, and way of life. So our plan is to speak to the local people about these things and to film them. We hope to find out about their traditions and to see what they think of their history. Well, um, finally, my husband and I always wanted to go to Easter Island. I read about it when I was a child and I saw pictures of these amazing stone heads on the island. So for us this is the journey of our dreams.
Further practice in listening
M: I still can’t decide whether we should have a whole package tour or a self-drive tour.
W: A whole package tour means having to spend time in the confined quarters of a coach, bus or train with people you are not familiar with, but considering our budget, perhaps we have to sacrifice comfort and privacy.
Q: What does the woman say about a whole package tour?
It costs less money.
W: I was so shocked when I saw the tiny, dirty houses where the children grew up.
M: So was I. I’m afraid that they don’t have enough food, let alone go to school. Next time we should have our daughter come with us. She always takes things for granted. Q: What are the two speakers planning to do?
Have her daughter get to know such a life.
M: I will say it again: India is not a safe place for a woman to travel alone.
W: But if I wear the proper clothes, and learn the cultural dos and don’ts, it should be fine. Please don’t be so alarmed.
Q: What will the woman do?
Follow the Indian culture and customs.
W: I’m going to travel with my five-year-old this summer. But I feel kind of uncertain whether things will work out.
M: You know Jane? She and her husband spend every holiday traveling in a jeep with their son and dog. Probably you should go to herbefore you go.
Q: What does the woman feel uncertain about?
Whether it is possible to travel with her kid.
M: Many people love a good story about somebody traveling in time – either to repair the future, or to observe the past. Why are time travel stories so popular?
W: I think it’s human nature to dream of what-ifs. What if I could see an alien? Q:
What are the two speakers talking about?
The popularity of time travel stories.
M: It’s good to have you back at work Emily. How was your trip to the Amazon rainforest?
W: It was like a spectacular dream; I saw so many more things than I ever could have imagined.
The plants are so thick that you couldn’t even see the sun or the sky above, and there are more shades of green than I’ve seen before in my life!
M: Wow, with so many plants, how did you get around?
W: We rode a tour boat down the Amazon River –it connects the whole jungle, and the local people use it to travel, too. It’s amazing being somewhere so far away from technology, without any electricity for miles and miles. The local people don’t even see the world outside of the jungle, never traveling more than 15 minutes up or down the river their whole lives! M: What an entirely different lifestyle! It must be completely different there. Did you get to meet any of the villagers?
W: Oh yes! Here’s the story: I finished a smallblue bottle of wine and was about to throw it away.
The tour guide told me to save it. Later, when we arrived at one of the villages, he introduced me to an old woman there who greeted our boat. I gave her the wine bottle as a gift. She looked at it like a great treasure, and she said that it would be an honored prize for her hut. I was shocked that something so small and common for me – could mean so much!
M: Emily, I suppose we really take modern life for granted.
Q1: What does the woman say about the plants in the Amazon rainforest?
There are so many plants that it’s hard to see the sky.
Q2: What does the woman say about the local people?
They are separated from the world outside of jungle.
Q3: Why was the old woman in the village so excited?
Because Emily gave her an empty bottle.
Q4: What has the woman learned from her traveling experience?
Small and common things should also be valued.
I believe watching nature programs on television is not going to give us and our children a real experience of nature. On the contrary, they may distance us from nature – actual nature – even further.
Because real nature experiences mean contact with nature. It means being with and within nature, to experience it with all five senses.
True, TV programs give us joy but they will never be able to help us form a relationship with nature. We watch our small screens come alive with the vivid colors and we all let out “aahhhh …” and “wooooow”. But, never once will we feel the pleasure of bein g close to nature.
Worse still –the programs such as those on the Discovery Channel make nature seem so strange, and so far away, in the forests of the Amazon or in the wilds of Africa. Children may grow up without even realizing that the flowers, plants or a couple of trees in their backyard are nature and they are equally precious. The truth is –nature is so close to us. We don’t need to go anywhere far to enjoy such experiences. It is right there in our backyards. Or, in parks, gardens, forests, or national parks.
All we need to do is make an effort to get closer to nature – know it, appreciate it, and explore it. Feeling the soil under our feet and the wind in our hair; listening to the sound of the fallen leaves and taking in the smell of the wet soil – all these are pure joy to the senses that we must experience.
Q1: What may happen to children after watching nature programs on TV?
They may be more distant from the actual nature.
Q2: How should children get close to nature according to the speaker?
By experiencing it with the five senses.
Q3: What impression might the Discovery Channel leave on children?
Nature seems very far away from them.
Q4: What is the main idea of this passage?
Real nature experiences come from physical contact with nature.
Scripts and answers
I have never been able to understand people who don’t see the point in traveling. The common reason is that traveling is a waste of time and money. I’ve heard some are 1) scared to travel too far away. I can’t help but feel sorry particularly for those who 2) perceive the experience of seeing a new place as a 100 percent 3) negative one. Telling them stories about unusual encounters doesn’t 4) result in the expected curiosity but a “Why would you wanna go there!?” It makes me 5) lose faith in humanity. Experience is the best teacher and knowledge is power. The things traveling can teach you are beautiful because you learn to trust in what you see rather than what you are told.
I t was Mark Twain who said, “Travel is fatal to prejudice, bigotry and narrow-mindedness,” which in my mind 6) goes down as the closest to the truth about traveling. Too bad there aren’t enough people with the means to travel actually doing it. If you have the means to go abroad, you should do it despite going out of your comfort zone. You might realize why you loved it once you’re back home.
I think traveling is also the best thing you could do if you feel 7) depressed at home, don’t know what to do with your future, your life, your partner –anything. Once you are away, 8) preferably somewhere very new and unknown, you are forced to 9) adapt and meet people. This works especially if you travel alone. A new life and especially the new relationships you build, even if only for a short period of time, 10) reveal opportunities and views you never would have thought of and had otherwise.
Unit 3 Time out
Listening to the world
F = Finn; M1 = Man 1, etc.; W1 = Woman 1, etc.
F: I like playing music and going to concerts in my free time. This weekend I’m going to a bar in North London to see my friend’s band. What do you like doing in your free time?
M1: I like to keep fit. I like to be very active. I like to do a lot of sport. I also like to see a lot of friends. I like to go to the theater. I like to go and see plays.
W1: I like to read er, books about … crime novels, for example. And I like to go running. And …
cos obviously I can’t run when I am at work, so in my free time, I like to do some exercise. M2: Well, I have two small children so I don’t have much free time. But seeing friends is er, is one of my great pleasures.
M3: I like er, coming up here to London to see galleries and theater, and things like that. Um, I like eating and drinking a lot. Sometimes in restaurants, and sometimes, either having friends around … uh for that, or going to other people’s houses.
W2: I enjoy jazz so I quite like having friends around to listen to the ... listen to some jazz or go out to a jazz club.
W3: I like to do many things in my free time. I love to read. I love to study different things. I’m studying oil painting and different languages now.
M4: I enjoy reading. Um, I enjoy playing the guitar. Um, I also enjoy er, creative writing, um, and watching films.
F: What are you going to do this weekend?
M2: This weekend, there is a large camping trip of, of all my son’s school friends. And we’re all going off camping, which is going to be very interesting.
W1: This weekend I’m going to run a half marathon in um, Nottingham for the Robin Hood Festival and raising money for a charity.
M4: I’m going to relax as much as possible after quite a hard week, and quite a stressful week. So I’m gonna possibly watch a film and do very little.
W3: This weekend I am going to try to relax a little. I just completed a long trip.
W2: This weekend I’m going to take my son to football. He plays in a loc al football team.
M3: This weekend I am going to er, see some friends on Saturday night, and have dinner at their house. And then er, I’m gonna be er, welcoming some friends at our house on Sunday night. M1: I have a friend, who … It’s her birthday. And I’m going to go to the birthday party on Saturday. And then on Sunday I’m going to go to a barbecue.
P = Presenter; D = Dominique; R = Rob
P: Let’s see what we’ve got on this week’s ￡15 challenge. We’re going to send two people out for a night in London, and their challenge is to have a good night out, but not spend more than ￡15.
So, is it possible? Well, we’re going to find out. We’ve asked Dominique and Rob to spend an evening in London, and not spend more than ￡15. So, let’s speak to Dominique first. Hi, Dominique.
D: Hi, George.
P: Tell us, Dominique, what are your plans?
D: Well, first of all I’m going to see a free art exhibition at the Tate Modern. I don’t normally like modern art, so I hope it’s OK. Um, then I’m meeting some friends and we’re going to a concert at a pub called The King’s Head. There’s a free band playing and so I only need to pay for my drinks. Afterwards we’re h aving dinner in Brick Lane where there are lots of Indian restaurants.
They’ve told me that if you go to one of the restaurants there at 10 p.m., you can get a free meal. I don’t know if that’s true, but I’m going to try anyway. Then I’m getting the bus ho me. A taxi is too expensive.
P: That sounds great. Have a good evening, and you can tell us all about it tomorrow.
D: I will.
P: Our second volunteer is Rob. Rob, can you tell us about your evening?
R: Yes. I’m starting the evening with a visit to a museum, too. I’m going to the National Gallery to see the paintings there. They stay open one night a week, and it’s free. Then I’m going to Covent Garden to watch the street entertainers. Um, that’s free, too. And after that, I’m going to watch some com edy. There’s a really good comedy club just near Covent Garden. It’s ￡8 to get in. I’m not having dinner. There isn’t enough time.
P: Thanks, Rob. Enjoy your evening, and don’t forget to call us …
Holiday 10 Best takes a journey to the coolest, the hippest, the biggest and the most exciting cities around the world. We’ve got shopping, socializing, sightseeing, history, culture, and of course the odd beach or two.
So, what is it that makes a city truly great? Let’s face it: We spend most of our time trying to get away from them. They’re busy; they’re crowded; they aren’t exactly relaxing. So, how does Barcelona manage to get it so right?
I love Barcelona. I’ve been here about a dozen times, and what keeps bringin g me back? Well, it’s the art, the great buildings, fantastic shopping, and just the general laid-back attitude to life. It’s my favorite city and I’m gonna show you my recipe for the perfect day here.
Now, you don’t want to start your day too early because it’s going to be a long one. But when you do manage to drag yourself out of bed, the only way to kick things off here is with a nice, big, fat, creamy cup of hot chocolate, with some lovely sugary churros.
First stop on my sightseeing tour: La Sagrada Familia. Barcelona likes to think of itself as such an individual city and for me the Sagrada Familia really sums that up.
People always think that a siesta is about sleeping. Not true. In Barcelona, it means a nice, long lunch, and that means it’s time for tapas. What I love about tapas is the way you can just try a little bit of this, a little bit of that, and if you really want to find out what it’s all about, get Juan Carlos, who’s the owner of the oldest tapas bar in Barcelona, just to ser ve you up a selection.
No city break is complete without a spot of serious shopping. Most first-timers will end up on the Ramblas, famous for its silly statues and being ridiculously crowded. What can I say? I’m a northern girl and I love my markets, and this is the best one I’ve found anywhere in the world. Now, there’s probably more tourists here than there are locals, but that’s because of two reasons: this fantastic bar –Pinocchio’s Bar, and the amazing array of things that you can buy here. Well worth a visit.
Now, one thing that will probably surprise you about Barcelona is that it’s got beaches. Five of them. Now, they’re not the best you’re gonna find on the Med, but it’s one of the things that makes this place so special.
There are two things to remember when you’re heading out for the night here. One: Don’t even think about coming out early. Nobody has dinner before nine. And two: Pace yourself. It’s going to be a long night. The way to approach a night out in Barcelona is to take a drink here, a nibble of tapas there, and then repeat until you get tired, or the sun comes up. And that’s exactly what I’m going to do.
Speaking for communication
A = Restaurant manager;
B = Customer
A: King’s Restaurant.
B: Hello, er, I’d like to book a table for four on Friday night. Around eight thirty, if possible. A: Let me just have a look. Er, sorry, we’re completely full on Friday. There’s nothing at all.
B: Ah, what about Saturday?
A: Saturday, Saturday. Um … the best I can do is a table at ten o’clock.
B: Ten o’clock? You haven’t got anything earlier?
A: Nothing at all, I’m afraid.
B: OK, let’s go ahead. Ten o’clock.
A: Can I take your name, please?
B: The table is for Rodney Collins.
A: Rodney … O h! Can you repeat that, please? Did you say Rodney Collins?
A: OK, that’s all booked. Table for four, ten o’clock, Saturday.
B: Great. Thank you.
A: Thank you.
C = Box office worker;
D = Customer
C: High Tower Productions. Paul speaking. How can I help you?
D: Hello, I was wondering if you could help me. I’ve booked a ticket for the show on the fifth of June, but I’d like to change the date.
C: OK, one moment. Can I just check? What’s the name please?
D: The tickets are booked in the name of Judy Starr.
C: Sorry, I didn’t catch that. Did you say Starr?
D: Judy Starr. S-t-a-double r.
C: OK, yes. Two tickets for June the fifth. What date would you like to change to?
D: What dates do you still have seats for?
C: There’s nothing on the sixth or seventh. Er, there are two seats for the eighth but they’re separate. We have …
D: Sorry, can you slow down, please? Two seats for?
C: Sorry, two seats for the eighth, but they aren’t together. Er, we can do you two seats together on the ninth of June.
D: Ninth of June. That’s fine.
C: OK. I’ll just go ahead and book that.
Conversation 3 E:
F: Hello, it’s Wendy here.
E: Oh hi, Wendy. How are you?
F: Very well, thanks. And you?
E: Yeah, fine.
F: Are you doing anything on Saturday? Because a few of us are going out for dinner.
E: Sorry, Wendy, can you speak up, please? I’m on Oxford Street and I can’t hear a thing. F:
Do you want to go for dinner on Saturday?
E: Oh, that sounds nice.
F: There’s going to be a few of us, Tom and Zoe, and Steve.
E: That sounds like fun.
F: Are you free?
E: I think so.
F: Alright. Eight thirty, Saturday. Zanzibar’s.
E: OK. Zanzibar’s on Saturday at eight thirty.
F: That’s right. Brilliant. See you soon.
E: OK. Thanks for calling.
G = Receptionist; H = Caller
G: Thomson and Co. Who’s calling?
H: Hello, this is Andy. Andy Jones. Can I speak to Sarah Hobbs, please?
G: I’m afraid she’s not here at the moment.
H: Ah, do you know when she’ll be back? I’vetried her mobile three or four times and left messages, but she hasn’t called back.
G: She’s visiting a customer. She should be back this evening. Can I take a message?
H: It’s about dinner tonight. I’ve had to cancel because of work.
G: OK. I’ll ask her to call you back.
G: Does she have your number?
H: It’s 0988 45673.
G: Can you repeat that, please?
H: 0988 45673.
I’m going to tell you about my perfect day in Prague. Um, first of all, we’re starting the day in the main square. It’s a beautiful place to have breakfast in one of the cafés. It’s a little bit expensive, but we’re going to sit outside so we can watch the clock tower.
After breakfast, we’re goi ng to walk through the old city, and go to Charles Bridge. There are some interesting statues on the bridge, and there’s a market where you can buy some souvenirs. From the bridge, we’re walking up to the Castle. And we’re going to have lunch in a restaura nt near there.
In the afternoon, we’re taking a tram around the city. It’s a good way to see the sights because it’s cheap and easy. And afterwards, we’re going to relax in the park at Petrin Hill. Er, there is a tall tower here, where you can see wonder ful views of the city, too. We’re going to a coffee shop in the afternoon, in the Municipal House, where they do wonderful coffees.
And then, in the evening, we’re planning to go to a classical music concert in St. Nicholas Church. You can come here to listen to Bach, Mozart or Vivaldi, and the atmosphere is very special. When it’s finished, we’re having dinner at Kolkovna, in the old town, which serves traditional Czech food, and then we’re going to spend the rest of the evening trying different bars in the old town, which serve very cheap, local beers. It’s going to be fantastic!
Further practice in listening
W: I’m going to relax a little after such a hard week. How about a long walk this weekend?
M: Sounds good, but no high-heeled boots this time. I still remember last time you were dog-tired after a long walk in the woods.
Q: What can we infer from this conversation about the woman?
She once wore high-heeled shoes during a long walk.
M: One of the things I do on the weekends is cookout. It is fun to have a barbecue party with friends in the backyard.
W: Have you tried cooking with Coke? The sweetness of Coke adds a nice touch to the barbecue sauce.
Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?
Add flavor to the barbecue sauce with Coke.
M: The entry fee is $2 per person. The price for sweet cherry is $10 per kilogram. But you can have a 10 percent discount for the cherries if you pick more than 3 kilograms.
W: Five of us picked 5 kilograms.
Q: How much should the woman pay?
W: I was advised to take a weight-loss class. But I find it intimidating to exercise in front of others since I’m out of shape.
M: Exercising at home is also a great way to start and it helps build up your confidence. Q: What do we know from the conversation about the woman?
She is not very confident in her own figure.
M: How about going on a camping trip with us? We are planning on canoeing this weekend. W: That sounds good. But I’ve never been in a canoe before and I am not much of a swimmer either.
Q: What does the woman mean?
She cannot save herself if she falls into water.
M: Hi Amy, it’s Ryan. I’m calling because I want to invite you and your sister Ashley to a dinner party this Saturday. My roommate Erick and I are hosting a 1960s theme party with a few other friends.
W: A theme party? Is that like a dress-up party?
M: Sort of … You’re certainly encouraged to dress in 1960s fashions! Short skirts, bright colors, and bell-bottom jeans! Or go to the beginning of the 1960s and come as one of your favorite actresses … But it’s not just cool clothes; we’ll have food, games, and entertainment inspired by the 1960s. In fact, we’ll start our meal with alien noodles in honor of all those space and alien TV shows.
W: Wait! Wait! What are “alien noodles”? Why not have regular noodles in honor of the movie The Godfather?
M: No way! The Godfather is from the 1970s. Anyway, alien noodles are bright green noodles with purple sauce!
W: What?! That’s crazy!
M: Yeah! Anyway, there’ll be lots of other things. I don’t want to spoil the surprises. But just for you, we’ll end wi th light desserts and coffee from one of your favorite 1960s movies.
W: I can’t wait! Ooooooh, I have an idea. We can have a special bar and make fancy mixed drinks.
They’re always drinking in old TV shows!
M: Perfect! And start reviewing 1960s music! W e’re having a dance contest and a singing contest. W: This sounds like a lot of fun. Can I invite my roommate? She loves all of the classic movies from that time!
M: Of course – the more, the merrier! Anyway, it starts at 7:00 p.m. – my apartment.
Q1: What do we know about those people who are invited to the party?
They are likely to dress like people in the 1960s.
Q2: What is particular about alien noodles?
They are brightly colored.
Q3: Why won’t they have regular noodles at the party?
Because regular noodles don’t fit the theme of the party.
Q4: What other arrangements do they have for the party?
They will make and have fancy mixed drinks.