2011高考英语专题讲练测讲义集--专题12 情景交际完美版

2011届高考英语专题讲练测讲义集:(教师版)专题12 情景交际

一、【专项直击】

【考情分析】

高考研究高考英语情景交际考点是用来考查考生在一定语境下对应答或习惯表达的掌握情况。其实质是对学生口语能力进行一种书面的考查。一般来说,高考中对于情景交际试题要求主要包括《英语新课程标准》中所涉及的68个话题。主要体现在社会交往(问候、告别、道歉、祝愿、祝贺等)中人的态度(同意或不同意;喜欢或不喜欢;肯定或不肯定;可能或不可能;能够或不能够等)或表示的一种情感(高兴、惊奇、忧虑、安慰、满意、遗憾、同情等)等。

【知识要点】

对情景交际的考查是英语高考中的一种潮流。它的目的主要在于考查考生对英语知识的理解及应用,从而检测出考生对英语的驾驭能力。

国家高中英语新课标列出了11个方面共66个功能意念项目以及24个话题项目。下面是最常用的一些情景交际语境。

1.Introduction(介绍)

—This is Mr Smith.

—Nice/Glad/Pleased to meet you.

2.Greetings(问候)

—How are you doing?

—Very well,thank you.

3.Thanks(感谢)

—Thank you very much.

—It’s a pleasure./My Pleasure./That’s OK./You’re welcome./Don’t mention it./That’s all right.

4.Apologies(道歉)

—I’m sorry for losing your radio.

—That’s OK./It’s all right./Never mind./It’s nothing./Forget it./It doesn’t matter.

5.Invitation(邀请)

—Would you like to have a cup of coffee?

—Thank you./No, thank you.

6.Asking for permission(请求允许)

—Would/Do you mind my smoking here?

—Of course,you can./Go ahead,please.

I’m sorry,it’s not allowed./I’m afraid not.

7.Expressing wishes and congratulations(祝愿和祝贺)

—I’m going to have an English Exam.

—Good luck!

—I have just won the first prize in the maths competition.

—Congratulations!

8.Offering help(提供帮助)

—Shall I help you with that?

—Yes,please./Yes,thanks.

No,thanks./Thank you all the same.

9.Making appointments(约会)

—Let’s make it at 5:30.

—All right.See you then.

10.Making telephone calls(打电话)

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