Chapter 2 Phonology 音系学(现代语言学)

Chapter 2 Phonology 音系学

1.The phonic medium of language 语言的声音媒介

Linguists are not interested in all sounds ;they are concerned with only those sounds that are produced by the human speech organs in so far as they have a role to play in linguistic communication .These sounds are limited in number .This limited range of sounds which are meaningful in human communication and are of interest to linguistic studies are the phonic medium of language ;and the individual sounds within this range are the speech sounds.

语言学家也并不是对所有的声音感兴趣,他们只关注那些在语言交际中占有一席之地、由人类的发音器官所发出来的那些声音。

这些声音在数量上是有限的。这些范围有限,但对人类交际活动意义重大、对语言学研究价值不菲的声音就是语言的声音媒介,凡是在这个范围的每个单个的声音都叫做语音。

2.Phonetics 语音学

2.1What is phonetics? 什么是语音学?

Chapter 2 Phonology 音系学(现代语言学)

language; it is concerned with all the sound that occur in the world’s languages.

Chapter 2 Phonology 音系学(现代语言学)

上所有的语言中出现过的一切声音。

These three branches of phonetics are labeled articulatory phonetics, auditory phonetics, and acoustic phonetics respectively.

语音学的三个分支分别被称为发音语音学,听觉语音学和声学语音学。

Of the three branches of phonetics, the longest established, and until recently the most highly developed, is articulatory phonetics.

在语音学的这三个分支里,建立历史最长,迄今发展最完善的就是发音语音学。

Acoustic phoneticians try to describe the physical properties of the

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