词根记忆法(全)

Unit 1

1.just=right 正

just: a./adv. 正义的, 公平的;应得的;合理的; 刚好

just price/punishment 公正的价钱/应得的惩罚 just now 刚才

justice: n. 正义, 正直, 司法

sense of justice 正义感/treat sb with justice 公正地对待某人

justify: v. 证明…为合理,正当;辩护 [-fy 动词后缀]

Nothing can justify your cheating in the exam.

justifiable: a.可证明为正当的;无可非议的 [-able形容词后缀]

justifiable abortion 正当的流产

justification: n. 正当理由 He was getting angry, and with justification. justified: a. 有正当理由的

As the goods was damaged, she felt justified in asking for her money back. injustice: n. 不公正 [in 否定前缀] eg: Pride and Injustice 傲慢与偏见unjust: a. 不公正 [un否定前缀]

adjust: v. 调整, 使…适应 [ad 朝向 + just 正调整]

adjust the watch/the focus of camera/ adjust oneself to

调表/调整焦距/ 使…适应

adjustment: n.

adjustable: a. 可调整的

2. sign=mark 记号, 符号

sign: n. 记号, 符号; 招牌; 迹象; 手势 v. 签名, 示意

traffic sign 交通灯/deaf-and-dumb signs 聋哑语

signal: n. 信号;预兆 [-al名词前缀]

signature: n. 签名 [-ture名词后缀]

signify: v. 意味着, 表明 Dark clouds signify rain.

significant: a. 有意义的, 意味深长的,重要的

signification: n. 含义

design: n./v. 设计, 预定 [de-加强意义]

designer: n. fashion designer 服装设计师

designate: v. 表明, 指示; 指定 He was designated as the director.

assign: v. 指定, 指派,分配 [as-加强意义] eg: assign sb to do sth ; assignment: n. 分配的工作, 作业 heavy reading assignment

assignation: n. 选定, 分配

resign: v. 辞职, 放弃 [re=off 离去]

3.center/centre: n. 中心

central: a. central nervous system/air conditioning 中枢神经系统;中央空调centralize: v. 使中心化, 集中 [ ize-动词后缀]

concentrate: v. 集中,专心 [con= together ]

I can’t concentrate my mind on the study.

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