1) I took advice on the matter.
2) They are all of age.
3) It has made the headlines that the president’s wife threatened her husbands with public exposure.
4) He often talks horse.
5) They lingered long over his letter.
6) Between ourselves, I don’t think much of him.
7) There is something in the wind.
8) She has the making of a good teacher.
9) You never realize how fortunate you are to have good health until it is suddenly brought home to you by the sight of suffering.
10) That notion is being nurtured by people.
11) Dawn breaking over the islands, very beautiful in a soft grey light with many clouds. There is a transparency about the light here which cannot be described or painted.
12) From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs.
13) When we make friends, we should choose those who are our supporters in danger. (Aesop)
14) Only a very slight and very scattering ripples of half-hearted hand-clapping greeted him.
15) So long as we love we serve; so long as we are loved by others, I would almost say we are indispensable; and no man is useless while he has a friend. (Robert Louis Stevenson)
16) With determination, with luck, and with the help from lots of good people, I was able to rise from the ashes.
【译文】凭着我的决心，我的运气，还有许多善良人们的帮助，我终于获得了新生。17) All the wisdom of the ages, all the stories that have delighted mankind for centuries, are
easily and cheaply available to all of us within the covers of books.
18) Besides working to improve building structure，people in areas where earthquakes are common should also prepare for the possibility of a great earthquake in several other aspects.
19) I am filled with wonder when I consider the immeasurable contrast between the two lives which it connects. It was the third of March, 1887, three months before I was seven years old. 【译文】就是从这一天开始，我的生活和以前全然不同，一想到这个，我就感到无比兴奋。这个重要的日子是1887年3月3日，当时我还差三个月才满七周岁。
20) The college student caught cheating does not even blush. He shrugs his shoulders and comments: “Everybody does it, and besides, I can’t see that it really hurts anybody.
(J. Krutch: The New Immorality)
I had scarcely passed my twelfth birthday when I entered the inhospitable regions of examinations, through which for the next seven years I was destined to journey. These examinations were a great trial to me. The subjects which were dearest to the examiners were almost invariably those I fancied least. I would have liked to have been examined in history, poetry and writing essays. The examiners, on the other hand, were partial to Latin and mathematics. And their will prevailed.
Moreover, the questions which they asked on both these subjects were almost invariably those to which I was unable to suggest a satisfactory answer. I should have liked to be asked to say what I knew. They always tried to ask what I did not know. When I would have willingly displayed my knowledge, they sought to expose my ignorance. This sort of treatment had only one result: I did not do well in examinations.
During the past few years, scientists the world over have suddenly found themselves productively engaged in a task they once spent their lives avoiding writing, but particularly letter writing. Lured by electronic mail’s seductive blend of speed, convenience and economy, people who have never before touched the stuff are routinely, skillfully, even cheerfully tapping out a great deal of correspondence.
Electronic networks, woven into the fabric of scientific communication these days, are the route to colleagues in distant countries, shared data, bulletin boards and electronic journals. Anyone with a personal computer, a modem and the software to link computers over telephone lines can sign on. An estimated five million scientists have done so, with more joining every day, most of them communicating through a bundle of interconnected domestic and foreign routes known collectively as the internet, or net.
E-mail is starting to edge out the fax, the telephone, overnight mail and, of course land mail. It shrinks time and distance between scientific collaborators, in part because it is conveniently asynchronous (writers can type while their colleagues across time zones sleep; their message will be waiting). If it is not yet speed discoveries, it is certainly accelerating disclosures.
1) We refused to take the advice and failed.
2) They are all of an age.
3) I was shanghaied in Shanghai.
4) Don’t ride the high horse.
5) The teacher is popular with his students.（主动形式，被动意义）
6) He had a fast life, drinking and gambling.
7) Man has to fight his way through life on earth!
8) He would be quite a likeable fellow if only he wouldn’t act the goat so much.
9) John can be relied on, he eats no fish and plays the game.
10) Nehru had evidently come to think of their country as the equal of China, or even her superior.
11) It will soon rain itself out and then we can have our walk.
12) She was eighteen and beautiful.
13) There are some beautiful Chinese girls in the picture.
14) He was a good father, within his limitations.
15) “Look at that old lady, she’s doing everything wrong.”
In the United States, it is not customary to telephone someone very early in the morning. If you telephone him early in the day, while he is shaving or having breakfast, the time of the call shows that the matter is very important and requires immediate attention. The same meaning is attached to telephone call made after 11 :00 p.m. If someone receives a call during sleeping hours, he assumes it’s a mater of life and death. The time chosen for the call communicates its importance.
In social life, time plays a very important part. In the U.S.A. guests tend to feel they are not highly regarded if the invitation to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date. But it is not true in all countries. In other areas of the world, it may be considered foolish to make an appointment too far in advance because plans which are made for a date more than a week away tend to be forgotten. The meaning of time differs in different parts of the world. Thus, misunderstandings arise between people from cultures that treat time differently. Promptness is valued highly in American life. For example, if people are not prompt, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible. In the U. S. no one would think of keeping a business associate waiting for an hour, for it would be too impolite. Even a person who is five minutes late is expected to make a short apology.
1）He is little of a scholar.
2）He is very much of a poet.
3）He’s only not a boy.
4）Not knowing her telephone number, I can not contact her immediately.
5) Ignorance is the mother of fear as well as of admiration.
6) With all his achievements he remains modest and prudent.
7) Everything considered, your essay seems better written.
8) We maintain that no peace situation is permanent which does not take into account the legitimate wishes of the majority of the people of any country.
9) It would have been of as much avail to interrogate any stone face outside chateau as to interrogate that face of his.
【译文】从他那张脸上审视不出什么，正如从城堡外面任何一张石脸上审视不出什么一样。（as much …as 在这里相当于as little … as，用以衬托否定含义。）
10) Surgeon that Fleming was, he did not know penicillin which kills bacteria and germs. 【译文】虽然弗莱明是外科医生，他当时并不知道杀死细菌和病菌的是青霉素。
1）He felt a qualm in his stomach, and it was more in memory of his own loneliness than anticipation of hers.（按照信息中心）
【译文】他感到一阵心酸，与其说是预见了她的凄凉，倒不如说是想到了他自己的孤独。2）For example, a girl student who had difficulty studying made dramatic strides when she got a better desk lamp and moved her desk away from her bed.（按照时间顺序）
3）A reader’s perception of the loose, slangy, colloquial, shirt-sleeved quality of much modern prose will be sharpened if he has experienced the conscious elegance of eighteenth-century writers and the solemn lecture-hall pronouncements of the Victorians. （按照逻辑顺序）【译文】如果一位读者读过18世纪作家的作品，体会到其刻意追求典雅的语言风格．又读过维多利亚女王时代的人在演讲大厅上所作的庄严的发言，他定能更深刻地理解很多现代散文作品那种结构松散、口语色彩浓、好用俚语、不拘形式的语言风格。
4）Based on national realities and taking reasonable aspects of foreign economies, Chinese economists are working to establish socialist market economy, which ensures economic activities follow the requirements of the law of value and the changing relationship between supply and demand. （按照搭配需要）
5)There are few moments in life that bring husband and wife closer in reflective communion
than the first October moment by a blazing hearth when they inhale the odor of mothballs in each other’s sweaters and agree it’s time they once again had a long talk.
【解析】这是个主从复合句，主句“There are few moments in life”位于句首，接着是由“that”引导的定语从句和一个由“when”引导的状语从句。翻译时，把从“than”开始的后半句挪到前面，“closer…than”的关系在译文中通过“如此”体现，英语表达关系紧密，结构形式完整，汉语译文完全打破了英语的结构形式，语序作了全面调整，把一个完整的英语句子分译成了五个汉语句子，主句位于最后，译文符合汉语习惯表达，主句位于最后。
1）No matter how bad the world may become, no matter how much the mass man of the future may lose such of the virtues as he still has, one fact remains. If one person alone refuses to go along with him, if one person alone asserts his individual and inner right to believe in and be loyal to what his fellow men seem to have given up, then at least he will still retain what is perhaps the most important part of humanity.
2) Four days after setting out, while the Titanic was sailing across the icy waters of the North Atlantic, a huge iceberg was suddenly spotted by a lookout. After the alarm had been given, the great ship turned sharply to avoid a direct collision. The Titanic turned just in time, narrowly missing the immense wall of ice which rose over 100 feet out of the water beside her.
1)The editor praised his paper and suggested only one change.
2) He knows no more life than the child unborn.
3) It is beyond the power of medicine to cure him.
4) While this may be an exaggeration, there is a bit of truth in it.
5) It’s been scientifically proven that frequent kissing stabilizes cardiovascular activity, decreases high blood pressure, cholesterol and overall makes one’s life better.
6 ) The expansion of the higher education system has turned universities from institutions for the elite to ones for the masses.
7) Brilliant young scholars or inventive industrial geniuses are hampered in technical research because they hesitate to disagree with their “superiors”.
8) We alone do good to our neighbors not upon a calculation of interest, but in the confidence of freedom and in a frank and fearless spirit. (Thucydides: History)
9) I am disgusted she saw the man as a reminder to lock her doors. I wonder if he noticed us doing so. I wonder how it feels when people lock their doors at the sight of you.
10) Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains. One thinks himself the master of others, and still remains a greater slave than they. … To renounce liberty is to renounce being a man, to surrender the rights of humanity and even its duties. For him who renounces everything no indemnity is possible. (Jean-Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract)
1）What WTO Accession Means for China (入世对于中国的意义)
In this new age of globalization , China’s leadership has decided to seek globalization’s benefits and accept its risks. The decision to join the WTO, and to accept the disciplines and rules that lie at its heart, is the latest important step enabling China to navigate globalization’s currents.
Therefore, I am proud that my colleagues and I had the opportunity last year, shortly after assuming office, to take the lead in driving to complete China’s admission to the WTO after the process had been stalled for a year and half.
As a WTO member, China is supposed to greatly reduce tariff and non-tariff barriers. It will need to improve protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights. It needs to allow companies engaged in telecommunications, computer services, banking, securities, insurance, freight forwarding, and wholesale and retail distribution to invest in China, providing services of value and spurring domestic competition.
China has agreed to transform its system of laws and regulations through transparency, opening rules to comment before promulgation and to court review afterward. As a result, China’s membership in the WTO will mean lower prices, greater consumer choice, greater enterprise efficiency, enhanced productivity, higher wages, new jobs, and more opportunity.中国已经同意通过提高透明度来进行法律制度改革，其法规在颁布实施前要进行公示，听取意见，实施后要接受法院检验。其结果是，中国成为世贸组织成员后将带来的好处是：物价下降，消费者有更多的选择，企业效益增大，生产率提高，工资上涨，就业机会增多，机遇也越来越多。
2）I Have a Dream(Martin Luther King)
This is our hope. This is the faith with which I return to the South. With his faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.
When we let freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we w ill be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual, “Free at last! free at last! thank God almighty, we are free at last!”
1）The house is over against the university.
2）We’re up against all sorts of difficulties.
3）The huge waves hurling themselves against the rock broke into clouds of spray.
4）The factory has produced 85,000 tons of sugar this year, as against the 60, 000 tons of last year.
5）He saves money against the rainy day.
6）Charge it against my account.
7）She drew a check against her bank balance.
8）We must not cross the street against the light.
9）His appearance is against him.
10）He was helpless against such forces.
1) He can mature alcohol electrically.
2) He had his ups and downs.
3) And I have an uneasy feeling he had something there.
4) He was watching me or something for an hour or two.
5) Theory is something but practice is everything.
6) In learning English, grammar is not everything.
7) Dust has a very important part to play in the work of nature.
8) Is Jane a possibility as a wife for Richard? (=a suitable person)
9) I was not one to let my heart rule my head.
10) She didn’t think of that the beautiful umbrella bought the day before should become a Helen of Troy in her family. Because of this she and her husband quarreled for a long time. 【译文】她没有料到前一天买的那把漂亮的雨伞竟成了祸端，她和丈夫为此吵了很久。3．翻译下列句子，注意词义褒贬
1）There is something behind, I think.
2) They are nameless nothing.
3) He is really something!
4) She is as fair as Helen.
5) They predicted the youth would have a bright future.
6) The adoption of the new policies will surely lead to some striking results.
7) The enemy killed one of our comrades, and we killed an enemy agent.
8) There would have been more painful result but for the drastic measures.
9) Mr Brown felt greatly flattered when he received the invitation to deliver a lecture.
10) He thinks himself to be something, but actually he is nothing.
About ten o’clock on the following morning, seedy and hungry, I was dragging myself along Portland Place, when a child that was passing, towed by a nurse-maid, tossed a luscious big pear—minus one bite —into the gutter. I stopped of course, and fastened my desiring eye on that muddy treasure. My mouth watered for it, my stomach craved it, my whole being begged for it.
But every time I made a move to get it, some passing eye detected my purpose, and of course I straightened up then, and looked indifferent, and pretended that I hadn’t been thinking about the pear at all. This same thing kept happening and happening, and I couldn’t get the pear. I was just getting desperate enough to brave all the shame, and to seize it, when a window behind me ws raised, and a gentleman spoke out of it, saying: “Step in here, please.”(Mark Twain: The ?1,000,000 Bank-note)
1) Hugo is pulling a cart.
A. 雨果正在画一辆车。（drawing a picture of a cart）
2) The girl saw the boy with the binoculars.
3) Do you notice the old man smoking?
4) How do you know when there is wind?
5) The statistician studies the whole year.
6) Jack and Mary are married.
B. 杰克和玛丽各自成婚。（Jack is married and so is Mary.）
7) I found her an entertaining woman.
8) Visiting aunts is a bore. （动名词）
Visiting aunts are boring. （分词）
9) There is a want of confidence in him.
10) Mr. Flack told his brother that he must pay the bill.
1) changelessly changing
2) a clever fool (a wise fool)
3) cruel kindness
4) fiend angelical
5) a damned saint
6) an honorable villain
7) a victorious defeat
8) bright smoke
9) heavy lightness
10）funny and annoying
I Have a Dream (Martin Luther King)
I say to you today, my friends, so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.
I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up, live up to the true meaning of its creed: “We hold these truths to be self-evident; that all men are created equal.”
I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave-owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.
I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin but by the content of their character.
I have a dream today.
I have a dream that one day down in Alabama with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of interposition and nullification, one day right down in Alabama little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.
I have a dream today.
I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together.
1）A knock at the door prevented me from answering his question.
2）The widespread application of new and more complex products will give rise to side-effects.
3）An intelligence test will allow us to predict the level of a student.
4）The sight of the orphan always reminds me of her parents.
5）In this mood, I went to diplomatic circles, earnest but only sketchingly informed.
6）Her child, her work, her friends were more than enough to fill her time.
7）“I’ll make a doctor of him,” said Mrs. White.
8）I like the place for the very reason that (=for which) you dislike it.
9）The old people, weary but excited, decided to have a rest.
10）He spoke hopefully of the success of the movement.
11）These problems had to be weighed up under varying, sometimes uncertain factors.
12）It was a splendid population—for all the slow, sleepy sluggish—brained sloths stayed at home.
13）Rubber is a light, elastic, durable and water resistant material, which makes rubber industry very important.
14）There is a tide in the affairs not only of men, but of women too, which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune.
15）Although schoolmistresses’ letters are to be trusted no more nor less than churchyard epitaphs; yet, as it sometimes happens that a person departs his 1ife, who is really deserving of all the praises the stone-cutter carves over his bones; who is a good Christian, a good parent, chi1d, wife or husband; who actually does leave a disconsolate family to morn his loss; …
1)I’ve got the devil of a toothache.
2) Water passes from a liquid to a solid state when it freezes.
3) The scenery was beautiful; and the acting was superb.
4) Listening to classical music is my cup of tea.
5) They don’t know their right hand from their left.
6) It’s an experience I wouldn’t trade for anything in the world.
7) In the course of the same year, war broke out in that area.
8) Before the night was far advanced, they began to move against the enemy.
9) The volume of the sun is about 1 300 000 times that of the earth.
10) It is now thought that the more work we give our brain, the more work they are able to do.
11) Those were the days of innocence, when volunteers tended to be welcomed merely because they had volunteered.
12) At the earliest opportunity he ordered the cavalry to ride out and clear the level ground in the occupation of the enemy.
13) …and as always happens with radios, just at the vital moment a crash and a bang and nothing could be understood and the broadcast ended.
14) Times were tough during the Depression, and there were five mouths to feed in my family, besides buying coal and wood for the strove.
15) She was lucky, for he had given her a gift more powerful than sight, the gift of love that can bring light where had been darkness.
When a person moves from one culture to another, he suddenly finds that much of what he has learned about interpreting the actions of people around him is suddenly irrelevant. He finds that the strategies he has used to influence people or events in certain ways are no longer effective, and the assumptions that guided his understandings and reactions are no longer reliable. Even distinguishing between the significant and the insignificant in a given situation becomes difficult, if not impossible.
This sudden psychological transition from competent adult to ineffective child inevitably results in the serious impact of the individual’s feelings of selfworth. He experiences feelings of frustration and helplessness. In short, he experiences culture shock.
这种突然的心理转变，使一个心理健全的成年人变成一个无知的小孩，必然会对个人的自尊心产生严重的影响。使人感到灰心无助。说到底，这就是在经受文化冲击的洗礼。Culture shock is the result of the removal of the familiar. Suddenly the individual is faced with the necessity of working, commuting, studying, eating, shopping, relaxing, even sleeping, in an unfamiliar environment organized according to unknown rules. In mild form, culture shock shows itself in symptoms of fatigue, irritability and impatience. Being unable to interpret the situations in which they find themselves, people often believe they are being deliberately deceived or exploited by host-country nationals.
They tend to perceive rudeness where none is intended. Their efficiency and flexibility is often impaired and both work and family suffer. Some people may respond by developing negative stereotypes of the host culture, by refusing to learn the language and by mixing exclusively with people of their own cultural background. In extreme cases, rejection may be so complete that the individual returns immediately to their own culture, regardless of the cost in social, economic or personal terms. Alternatively, people may retreat into their own private world, either mentally or physically.
Physical symptoms of culture shock may include headaches, stomachaches, constant fatigue, difficulty in sleeping and a general feeling of uneasiness. Unfortunately, many doctors are unfamiliar with culture shock and attempt to treat the symptoms rather than the cause.
The important thing to recognize about culture shock is that it is universal. It is experienced to a greater or lesser degree by all those who move from one culture to another. Experiencing culture shock does not mean that an individual is inflexible or unadaptable. It does mean that recognition of its inevitability can lead to the development of steps to reduce its impact. 文化冲击现象相当普遍，只有认识了这一点，才能真正理解文化冲击。几乎所有从一种文化迁移到另一种文化的人都或多或少地经历过文化冲击。人们经历文化冲击并不意味着他们顽固不化或适应能力差。然而，只有明白了文化冲击是不可避免的，人们才能设法减少其负面影响。