英语作文写作技巧

英语作文写作技巧

什么样的作文是一篇好作文

?无遗漏信息点,即要点全面

?篇章条理清晰:分段和过渡词

?句式复杂多样

?地道的高级词汇和恰当的词组

紧扣高考英语作文评分标准

高考作文采用总体评分方式,集中在以下四个方面:

-覆盖了题目提出的所有内容要点和要求;

-应用了较多的语法结构和词汇,内容比较丰富;

-在使用复杂结构或高级词汇时允许有些许错误;

-有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,全文结构紧凑流畅。

写作技巧:

1、审题:审题是做到切题的第一步。所谓审题就是要看清题意,确定文章的中心思想、主题,并围绕中心思想组织材料。

2、进行构思,列出简单的提纲,打造文章之骨架:审好题、立好意后,就要写提纲,打造文章的骨架。文章布局要做好几件事:安排好层次段落,铺设好过渡,处理好开头和结尾。

3、扩展成文:根据字数多少扩展成篇。扩展的内容一定要紧扣主题,千万不要写那些与主题不相关的内容。同时,添加连接词和过渡句与过渡段.

4.及时检查粗心犯下的错误.

注意:

(一)掌握技巧:

(1)注意篇章结构,合理布局

开始部分(opening paragraph)——说出文中的要点、核心问题。

正文部分(Body paragraphs)——围绕主题开展叙述、讨论。

结尾部分(concluding paragraphs)——对全文的总结和概括。

(2)确定主题句

主题句是对全文的概括,是文章的主旨。它能在文章中起到“画龙点睛”的作用。通常主题句出现在一篇文章的开头,而后,全文对主题句所提出的内容进行解释,扩展。

写主题句应注意以下几点:

①归纳出你要写的文章的几个要点

②提炼出一句具有概括性的话

③主题句应具有可读性,抓住、吸引读者。

(二)巧用连接词: 要想使文章有整体性、连贯性,就要学会正确使用连接词

表示罗列增加

First, second, third,First, then / next, after that / next, finally

For one thing … for another…,/On (the) one hand…on the other hand,

Besides / what’s more / in addition / furthermore / moreover / ano ther / also,

Especially / In particular,

表示时间顺序now, at present, recently,after, afterwards, after that, after a while, in a few days,at first, in the beginning, to begin with,later, next, finally,immediately, soon, suddenly, all of a sudden, at that moment, as soon as, the moment, form now on, from then on,at the same time, meanwhile,till, not…until, before, after, when, while, as during,

表示解释说明now, in addition, for example, for instance, in this case, moreover, furthermore, in fact, actually

表示转折关系but, however, while, though, or, otherwise, on the contrary, on the other hand, in contrast, despite, in spite of, even though, except (for), instead, of course, after all,

表示并列关系or, and, also, too, not only … but also, as well as, both… and, either …or, neither…nor

表示因果关系because, because of, since, now that, as, thanks to…, due to…, therefore, as a result (of), otherwise, so…that, such…that

表示条件关系as (so) long as, on condition that, if, unless

表示让步关系though, although, as, even if, even though, whether …or…, however, whoever, whatever, whichever, wherever, whenever, no matter how (who, what, which, 等)

表示举例for example, for instance, such as…, take… for example

表示比较be similar to, similarly, the same as, in contrast, compare d with (to)…just like, just as, 表示目的for this reason,, for this purpose, so that, in order to, so as to,

表示强调in deed, in fact, surely, certainly, no doubt, without any doubt, truly, obviously, above all, 表示概括归纳in a word, in short, in brief, on the whole, generally speaking, in my opinion, as far as I know, As we all know, as has been stated, as I have shown, finally, at last, in summary, in conclusion (三)掌握常用句型:(略)

英语写作十字真经:研习、背诵、默写、互译、模仿

(四) 培养几种技能

1.学会使用规范的英语句子;

使用连接词;写出规范的并列句,

用好从句和引导词写出规范的复合句:

2、灵活运用九种句式

一、主动句与被动句的互换。

1. People grow rice in the south of China.

Rice is grown in the south of China.

2. They have printed one and a half million copies of the dictionary since 1986.

One and a half million copies of the dictionary have been printed since 1986.

二、将陈述句改为倒装句。

1. I could hardly understand the importance of English at that time.

Hardly could I understand the importance of English at that time.

2. We did not realize our mistakes until at that time.

Not until at that time did we realize our mistakes.

三、将简单句改为强调句

Smoking did great harm to his health.

It was smoking that did great harm to his health.

四、将两个简单句合并为并列句

1.You can do it. I can do it. One of us must do it.

you I must do it.

2.I want to buy this bike. I don’t have enough money.

I want to buy this bike, I don't have enough money.

五、将两个简单句合并为复合句

例如:. 定语从句

1) The 2008 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing, and its slogan is One World, One Dream,

The 2008 Olympic Games, ________________________

2) In my opinion, the Great Wall and the Summer Palace are well worth visiting.

In my opinion, the Great Wall and the Summer Palace are the two places ___________________ 3) Yesterday, we went to the East Gate, and we bought a lot of clothes.

Yesterday, we went to the East Gate, _______________

六、将两个简单句合并为一个由which引导的非限制性定语从句

Many boys learn to smoke. It does harm to their health.

Many boys learn to smoke, _______________________________

七、it 作形式主语或形式宾语句型

1. You pretend to know what you don’t know.

It’s no good pretending to know what you don’t know.

2. It is easy to get on with Pam. I find.

I find it easy to get on with Pam.

八、分词结构代替状语从句

1.If you work harder, you will do better in the exam next time.

______________, you will do better in the exam next time.

2. Because my friend was frightened of losing his job, he said nothing to the police.

_______________________, my friend said nothing to the police.

九、将状语从句或并列句中的其中一个分句变成with 引导的短语或者复合结构。

1) 这个地区占地2000平方千米,人口10万。

This area covers an area of 2000 square kilometers, __with a population of 100,000

2)我们学校周围种了很多花,吸引了大量的学生来参观。

With many flowers surrounding our school ,it attracts a large number of people.

3) 我们学校是一所有100多年历史的名校。

Our school is a famous one with a history of over 100 years.

感知典型范例

1. 单词:

?adj.令人惊奇的adj. 聪明的、脑筋好的

?surprising clever

?→amazing →wise

?→astonishing →smart

?→bright

?→intelligent

2. 句子:

?他昨天下午来的。

1. He came here yesterday afternoon.

2. He didn’t come here until yesterday afternoon.

3. Not until yesterday afternoon did he come here.

4. It was yesterday afternoon that he came here.

?令她吃惊的是,小女孩知道这么多事情。

1. He is surprised that the little girl knows so many things.

2. To his surprise , the little girl knows so many things.

3. What surprises him is that the little girl knows so many things.

3. 段落:

This village is very small. It has nearly 100 families and about 500 people. It used to be very poor. It has changed a lot since 1978 . People here are richer than before. Now it is taking on a new look.

→This village is very small,which has nearly 100 families and about 500 people. It used to be very poor. However, it has changed a lot since 1978 . People here are leading a richer and happier life than before. Now it is taking on a new look.

4. 篇章:

英语作文写作技巧

英语作文写作技巧

阅卷老师的忠告

1.网上阅卷对卷面要求提高。

阅卷教师看电脑屏评分,屏幕上视觉比纸上印象更突出,每行高度约为直线格的2/3的作文视觉效果最佳,此类作文错误少并用有效连接成分就能高分。

2.中等水平学生容易成为最吃亏学生群。

高考阅卷特点,决定了阅卷时间短、速度快、赋分中庸。两极的考生优劣分明,容易赋分,而中等学生,如果出现书写潦草或低级错误容易出现得分趋低情况,成为最吃亏的一个群体。

3.书面表达是提高平均分最大的潜力股。

平均分:15分峰值:17—19分提升空间巨大

附:

2013四川高考英语书面表达(共35分)

某中学生英文报近期开辟专栏,讨论学习习惯问题,请你结合自身学习实际,按一下提示,用英文为该专栏写一篇稿件。

1.说明学习习惯与学习效果之间的关系;

2.介绍一种好的学习习惯并提出养成该习惯的建议;

3.描述自己在学习习惯方面存在的某个问题并给出改进措施

注意:

1.词数120左右,开头语已为你写好

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯

3.文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称

It’s useful and necessary to discuss learning habits._______________________________

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