nursery-school's

Unit6

Part 1 Fill in the Blanks

Directions: Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with an appropriate preposition or adverb.

Fill in each blank with only ONE word.

1. Rose is a nice girl; her loss of temper was indeed _______ of character.

2. Whatever you are talking about, children rapidly tune _______ if you go beyond them.

3. During the strike, the police pressed the government _______ changes in the law.

4. Though their children are not more than four years old, the parents are pressing _______ them to be taught English.

5. Cautious people might well feel more comfortable _______ a gradual rather than a radical change.

6. It is characteristic _______ her that she never complains.

7. Since I don't want to further my relationship with him, I thanked him for the offer but turned it .

8. After a series of court enquiries, he was found not guilty _______ any crime.

9. Nowadays many parents devote much money to their children's education,but it is unreasonable for them to project their dreams _______ their children.

10. The group acts _______ the story in such a way that the members of the audience experience

really being there.

11. Alice took sides _______ the majority of the membership group in the conflict over smoking

in public places.

12. The process method provides all the people working on the plane with clean air free _______ heavy strong-smelling smoke.

13. Will you help me with this mathematical problem? I'm stuck _______ it.

14. In the first stage of the experiment, no ready technical help was available, but we had to

go_______.

15. The young lecturer appeared embarrassed and ill _______ ease with the repeated hand

clapping that greeted him.

16. It was the first time for Peter to apply for a job in such a big company, so he filled _______ the

job application carefully.

17. Unable to leave my seat, I turned _______ the boring speaker and thought about vacation.

18. Since the student refused to follow the professor's advice, things turned _______ to be exactly

as the professor had predicted.

19. Though he said he was born of a poor peasant family, his manners spoke _______ good child

rearing practices.

Part 2 Fill in the Blanks with the Right Word

Directions: Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with the help of the first letter(s). Use only One word to fill in each blank.

20. When the police caught up with him, Mr. Foster had to con_______ that he'd broken the speed

limit.

21. Henry con_______ it was something that hadn't crossed his mind before.

22. Ray changed his mind, claiming that he had been forced into con_____ that he had committed

the murder.

23. After five years of careful, steady study, he is going to qua_______ in medicine as a doctor

this summer.

24. The first was scarcely large enough to qua_______ as a room.

25. Though the idea seems very ap_______ at first, it is not practical on further thought.

26. Since you don't know much about this city, let me ac_______ you to your hotel in case your

lose your way again.

27. Because of my frequent persuasion, finally Ken agreed to ac_______ me on a trip to Africa.

28. If you fail your driving test the first time, don't let it dis_______ you. You can try again.

29. It seems that James has a talent for acting because he can im_______ his teacher's speech

perfectly.

30. An appealing and playful pet, it would im_______ men's voices and their habits, creating

confusion and mischief within a household.

31. It's wrong for a man to con_______ his feelings from his wife.

32. The bomb may have been con_______ in a bunch of flowers.

33. After the explosion, the area has been out of b_______ to foreign news writers for the last few

days.

34. The Prime Minister said: "I set no b_______ to my ambitions for this country or its people."

35. To be a good art critic, when commenting on a painting, the most important thing is to be

ob_______ .

36. The project is firmly supported by many experiments and it can stand all types of subjective

and ob_______ assessments.

37. Because of the gathering storm and high waves, they de_______ of reaching the shore safely.

38. If you are not happy with the answers, do not de_______.

39. We re_______ the right in any circumstance to cancel your holiday, and, in this event, we will

offer you an alternative.

40. But I must admit that I read his suggestion with some re_______; I don't agree with him in

every aspect.

41. Sport had always been a pr_______ source of news in its own right.

42. He took a pr_______ and active part in the investigations which led ultimately to some radical

changes in the government policy.

43. To some ex_______ this decline in quantity was coupled with an improvement in quality.

44. The true ex_______ of the financial damage from the natural disaster will only be known

when the company announces its year-end results at the end of July.

45. Support for the strike was v_______ solid not only at home but also broad.

46. It is impossible to use them under any conditions so they are v_______ worthless.

47. Sport is no longer the ex_______ area of young people, and the Sports Council encourages

older people either to continue to participate in sport, or to start now.

48. The holiday travel cost us a lot of money as we stayed in one of the most expensive and

ex_______ holiday homes in Europe.

49. A tense situation pre_______ for the vote, as 5,000 troops and riot police stood in a state of

preparedness.

50. Common sense pre_______ in the end and the argument was settled.

51. The former would be a seminar or course, while the l_______ would be an academic tour to a

couple of universities.

52. It was explained at the meeting that the former was aimed at the past and present situation

whereas the l_______ was about the future.

53. Animal fats and re_______ sugar contribute to a weight problem and can be a factor in heart

disease.

54. The attractive bedrooms are fresh and re_______ and have telephone, mini-bar and TV.

55. Learning from successes is just as v_______ and useful a process as learning from mistakes.

56. His contribution is recognized as being v_______ and worth while.

57. The head of department presented an aw_______ of $500 to schoolgirl Caroline because of her

excellent performance at school.

58. The board chairman decided to aw_______ him a gold cup for his creative achievements for

the development of the new product.

59. Because he needs a large amount of money for the treatment of his wife's illness, he is

expecting some re_______ after working so hard.

60. Good planning is one of the ch_______ of a successful business.

61. A ch_______ of the camel is its ability to live for a long time without water.

62. Sometimes you can't really understand him at all because there is a negative side to his

ch_______ that you haven't seen yet.

63. There is no sub_______ for wise eating and regular exercise if you want to keep fit.

64. New ways to treat this kind of illness may provide an alt_______ to traditional treatments.

65. Compared with the trade with foreign countries, our int_______ trade achieved faster

development.

66. After she examined the patient carefully, the doctor said the int_______ bleeding had been

extensive.

67. As soon as being called by the secretary of the general manager, Wade stepped inside and

closed the in_____ door behind him.

Part 3 Vocabulary and Structure

Directions: Choose the best one to complete each sentence.

68. Some of your suggestions have been adopted but others have been _______ as they are not

workable.

A. turned away

B. turned down

C. turned back

D. turned out

69. The boss thought him a trouble-maker and turned him __________.

A. back

B. down

C. to

D. around

70. Unless he is ________ intense love, he hardly ever looks into someone else's eyes for very

long.

A. confessing

B. refusing

C. granting

D. covering

71. The observer's statement about the accident was very _____; we know almost every thing

about it now.

A. specific

B. especial

C. exceptional

D. special

72. _______ your opinions are worth considering, the membership group finds it unwise to place

too much importance on them.

A. As

B. Because

C. Though

D. Since

73. _________ that may eventually reduce the amount of labor needed on construction sites by 90

percent.

A. So clever are the construction robots

B. Such construction robots are clever

C. So clever the construction robots

D. Such clever construction robots are

74. A friendship may be ________, relaxed, situational or deep and lasting.

A. identical

B. original

C. critical

D. superficial

75. It's just ______ ten minutes past eleven now. Let's hurry up, or we will miss the train.

A. come up with

B. come out

C. come round

D. come up to

76. In general, matters which lie entirely within the state boundaries are the ______ concern of the

state government.

A. excessive

B. external

C. excluding

D. exclusive

77. No fault is attached _____ the bus driver for the terrible accident at the railway crossing.

A. for

B. to

C. with

D. in

78. The escaped prisoner waited until __________ of night before leaving his hiding place.

A. dark

B. deep

C. depth

D. dead

79. Occasionally we experience strong winds and storms the west, but the ______ winds are from

the north-east.

A. existing

B. prevailing

C. particular

D. special

80. This book is full of practical ______ on home decorating and repairs.

A. helps

B. tips

C. nods

D. clues

81. Violence in the local prison has ______ two lives.

A. removed

B. taken

C. cost

D. murder

82. The doctor told Penny that too much ______ to the sun is bad for the skin.

A. exposure

B. extension

C. exhibition

D. expansion

83. In preparing scientific reports of laboratory experiments, a student should ________ his

finding in logical order and clear language.

A. furnish

B. propose

C. raise

D. present

84. This hotel _________ $ 60 for a single room with bath.

A. claims

B. demands

C. prices

D. charges

85. She was so ________ in her job that she didn't hear anybody knocking at the door.

A. attracted

B. absorbed

C. drawn

D. concentrated

86. Although I liked the appearance of the house, what really made me decide to buy it was the

beautiful ________ through the window.

A. vision

B. look

C. picture

D. view

87. I caught a ________ of the taxi before it disappeared around the corner of the street.

A. vision

B. glimpse

C. look

D. scene

88. The speech ________, a lively discussion started.

A. being delivered

B. be delivered

C. was delivered

D. having been delivered

89. ________ a teacher in a university, it is necessary to have at least a Master's degree.

A. To become

B. Become

C. One becomes

D. On becoming

90. The man in the corner confessed to ________ a lie to the manager of the company.

A. have told

B. having told

C. being told

D. be told

91. I don't think it advisable that Tim ________ to the job since he has no experience.

A. be assigned

B. is assigned

C. will be assigned

D. has been assigned

92. There is a man at the reception desk who seems very angry and I think he means __________

trouble.

A. making

B. to make

C. to have made

D. having made

93. It is useful to be able to predict the extent ________ which a price change will affect supply

and demand.

A. from

B. with

C. to

D. for

94. __________ before we depart the day after tomorrow, we should have a wonderful dinner

party.

A. Had they arrived

B. Would they arrive

C. Were they arriving

D. Were they to arrive

95. I'd rather read than watch television; the programs seem __________ all the time.

A. to get worse

B. to be getting worse

C. to have got worse

D. getting worse

96. I had just started back for the house to change my clothes _________ I heard voices.

A. as

B. while

C. after

D. when

97. When he arrived, he found __________ the aged and the sick at home.

A. nothing but

B. none but

C. none other than

D. no other than

98. The mere fact ________ most people believe nuclear war would be madness doesn't mean it

will not occur.

A. that

B. which

C. what

D. why

Part 4 Cloze (With No Choices Provided)

Directions: Fill in each of the following blanks with one word. In each case, use the exact word that appears in your textbook.

Apparently, such prejudices can affect classroom achievement as well. In a study 99 by Herbert Harari of San Diego State University, and John McDavid of Georgia State University, teachers gave consistently lower grades 100 essays apparently written by boys named Elmer and Hubert 101 they awarded 102 the same papers when the writer's names were given as Michael and David. 103 , teacher prejudice isn't the only source of classroom difference. Dr. Thomas V. Busse and Louisa Seraydarian of Temple University found those girls with names 104 Linda, Diane, Barbara, Carol, and Cindy performed better 105 objectively graded IQ and achievement tests than did girls with less 106 names. (A companion study showed girls' popularity 107 their peers was also related to the popularity of their names -- although the connection was 108 clear for boys.)

Part 5 Cloze (With Three Choices Provided)

Directions:Read the following passage carefully and choose the correct one from the three choices given to fill in each blank.

Questions 109 to 118 are based on the following passage.

Your name is not only your calling card; it also may 109 how your life will develop. People have studied the energies associated 110 names 111 centuries, but The Hidden Truth of Your Name is his first book to combine their fascinating results 112 one interesting resource and 113 detailed descriptions 114 750 American names. Written by a team of language experts and specialists, this entertaining book guides you 115 three difficult 116 explainable old methods 117 prediction and shows you 118 to apply them to create a careful and thorough picture of any name you choose. The writer says we often project name prejudices on people. For example, one of his friends confessed that (1) 119 working with a nursery-school’s group of (2) 120 , she confused two boys' personalities (3) 121 their names. Name prejudices can also (4) 122 classroom achievement. One study showed teachers (5) 123 consistently lower grades (6) 124 essays written by boys with less appealing names (7) 125 they gave to the very same papers (8) 126 only the writers' names changed. (9) 127 , girls' popularity can be related (10) 128 their names so the writer suggests that if your name doesn't seem to suit you, you can with some determination change your name.

109. A. determine B. find C. recover

110. A. to B. by C. in

111. A. by B. in C. for

112. A. into B. within C.on

113 A. offer B. reveal C. deal

114. A. for B. with C. of

115. A. by B. for C. through

116. A. but B. and C. for

117. A. to B. of C. for

118. A. what B. when C. how

119. A. while B.as C. .whereas

120. A. four-years-olds B.four-years-old C.four-year-olds

121. A. because B. since C.because of

122. A. effect B. determine C. affect

123. A. gave B. insisted C. preferred

124. A. on B. by C. for

125. A. then B. than C. when

126. A. for B. with C. by

127. A. Similarly B. However C. Nevertheless

128. A. to B. by C. into

Part 6 Translation from Chinese to English

Directions: Translate the following sentences from Chinese to English.

129.有些老师承认他们或多或少地会因为学生的名字而对他们形成固定看法。

130.很显然,甚至黑人自己也渐渐接受和适应了白人们肤浅和歧视性的判断。

131.言谈保守和举止文雅被认为是英国绅士的典型品质, 其实这种看法是偏见。

132.正义已经获胜, 有罪者已受法律惩罚。

133.他们显眼地站在旅馆大门口, 看着来往旅游者。

Part 7 Reading Comprehension

Directions: Read the following passage(s) carefully and do the multiple-choice questions. Questions 134 to 138 are based on the following passage.

In 1848, gold was discovered in California; from all over the nation, thousands of young men set out for California. People called this the time of the Gold Rush. A gold miner came into a city looking for a pair of pants. He wanted pants strong enough to stand up to the rough work of mining. He met a young man named Levi, who sold heavy cloth for tents and wagon tops. They asked a tailor to use heavy cloth for their pants. Then Levi went into the business of making work pants. He asked his brothers to send him some strong blue cotton cloth called denim (斜纹粗棉布). With this blue denim cloth, Levi started making the kind of pants we call blue jeans today. They were sewed up in the same way as other pants.

In 1860, a miner said that the pockets weren't strong enough to hold the pieces of gold he found. The pockets kept pulling loose from the pants. The cloth was all right. It was the thread that wasn't strong enough. So Levi used rivets (铆钉) to attach the pockets onto the pants. Cowboys needed tough pants, too. They liked their pants to fit tightly. But the rivets marked the cowboys'

saddles. So Levi covered the rivets with cloth. Then everybody was happy.

134. This article as a whole is about ___________.

A. how people got blue jeans

B. the Gold Rush

C. denim, rivets and blue jeans

D. cowboys and blue jeans

135. While not stated in the article, you can tell that __________________.

A. everybody who went to California got a lot of gold

B. Levi found riches in the gold fields

C. Levi made more money than many gold miners

D. Levi sold more jeans to cowboys than to gold miners

136. The word this in the first paragraph, last sentence, refers to ________.

A. California

B. gold

C. many people looking for gold

D. the discovery of gold

137. Levi used strong blue cotton cloth to make pants because __________.

A. gold miners liked the blue color

B. this was the only cloth he had

C. miners wanted pants which could stand rough work

D. cowboys liked their pants to fit tightly

138. Which of the following sentences is not correct?

A. It was Levi who started the business of making blue jeans.

B. It was one tailor who started making blue jeans.

C. It was in California that blue jeans first became popular.

D. It was in California that gold was discovered.

Questions 139 to 143 are based on the following passage.

Rote-learning (死记硬背), spoon-fed education, produces a brand of kids that don't know what to do when entering university. They are disciplined into following, not leading. Yet the future depends on creativity and imagination. The world needs creators, makers and shakers of the new centuries, not the followers of the past centuries. As the numbers increase at college and university level, more students from the lower ends are likely to be thrown into a system designed to choose only learners that have proved excellent in listening to teachers.

There are three ways to learn: looking, listening and doing. Students and teachers today are a product of learning by listening. The computer may not be liked by traditional teachers, who use rote-learning to put information, which will be out of date in a few years, into the heads of the students. With computer learning you learn by looking, listening and doing; you use three methods of learning, not just one.

Therefore, you can learn faster. The changing speed of information is frightening. What we learn now will be out of date in the near future. So what students are learning now at school may be replaced by the time they finish university. We have to learn by choice what to forget. Rote-learning for exams is one thing, but wouldn’t it be better to learn how to learn? The students

at university today could possibly be doing a job in the not too distant future which has not yet been invented.

139. According to the author, the future doesn't need ____________.

A. creativity

B. imagination

C. creators

D. followers

140. In the author's view, how can students learn well?

A. Carefully listen to the teacher in class.

B. Take down every single word said by the teacher.

C. Learn all the notes by heart.

D. Combine listening with looking and doing.

141. What does the author mean by “The changing speed of information is frightening”?

A. We don't have enough time to adjust ourselves to the speed of information.

B. What we learned today may not be useful tomorrow.

C. The pace of life is too fast.

D. The world is changing every minute.

142. What does the last sentence of the passage tell us?

A. Rote-learning is completely harmful.

B. Students may have to do jobs which have not yet been invented.

C. It is better to learn how to learn than learn what to forget.

D. Students must look into the future.

143. The author's attitude towards rote-learning is _________.

A. approving

B. disapproving

C. confident

D. opposite to what the words say

Questions 144 to 148 are based on the following passage.

In the United States 84 colleges now accept just women. Most of them were established in the 19th century; they were designed to offer women the education they could not receive anywhere else. At that time major universities and colleges accepted only men. In the past 20 years many young women have chosen to study at colleges that accept both men and women. As a result some wom en’s colleges decided to accept men students too. Others, however, refused to change. Now these schools are popular again. The president of Trinity College in Washington, D.C. said that by the end of the 1980s women began to recognize that studying at the same school with men did not mean women were having an equal chance to learn. The president of Smith College in Massachusetts says a women’s college permits women to choose classes and activities freely. For example, she says that in a women’s college a hi gher percentage of students studies mathematics than in a college with both men and women. Educational experts say men students in the United States usually speak in class more than women students do. In a women’s college, women feel freer to say what they think. Women's schools also bring out leadership capabilities in many women. Women are represented everywhere. For example, at a women’s college every governing

office is held by a woman. Recent studies reportedly show that this leadership continues after college. The studies show American women who went to women's colleges are more likely to hold successful jobs later in life.

144. Women's college were established to ______.

A. give women the same right of education that men enjoy

B. make changes to traditional educational system

C. defy men s privilege in the society

D. train women in particular fields

145. Studying at the same school with men does not mean ______.

A. women can do the same thing as men

B. that women are given the same chance as men

C. women are allowed more latitudes to develop themselves

D. the present educational system does not allow other choices

146. According to the passage, in women's schools __________________.

A. women are much freer than if they study at the same school with men

B. women could do anything they want

C. they teach things peculiar to women

D. men are hated widely.

147. Which one of the following statements is not true about women's college?

A. Women feel freer to say what they think.

B. More women can participate in the management of the college.

C. Women who attend a women's college are more likely to be successful in their later

careers.

D. A very high percentage of women will become leaders later.

148. The title of this passage is most likely to be _____________________.

A. Women Education in the United States

B. Women's Schools in the United States

C. Women Should be Given the Same Education as Men

D. Education in America

Questions 149 to 153 are based on the following passage.

Since the late 1960s a growing number of women have expressed a strong dissatisfaction with any marriage arrangement wherein the husband and his career are the primary considerations in the marriage. By the end of the 1970s, for example, considerably less than half of the women in the United States still believed that they would put their husbands and children ahead of their own careers. More and more American women have come to believe that they should be equal partners rather than junior partners in their marriages. This stage of marriage, although not typical of most American marriages at present, will grow most rapidly in the future, hi an equal partnership marriage, the wife pursues a full-time job or career which has equal importance to her husband's. The long-standing division of labor between husband and wife comes to an end. The husband is no longer the main provider of family income, and the wife no longer has the main responsibilities for household duties and raising children. Husband and wife share all these duties equally. Power over family decisions is also shared equally. The rapid change in women's attitudes toward marriage in the 1970s reflected rapid change in the larger society. The Women’s Liberation

Movement appeared in the late 1960s, demanding an end to all forms of sexual discrimination against females. An Equal Rights Amendment (修正案) to the U. S. Constitution was proposed which would make any form of discrimination on the basis of sex illegal, and though it has failed to be ratified, it continues to have millions of supporters.

149. Since the late 1960s more women have been dissatisfied with the marriage wherein ______.

A. they are unhappy

B. they are in the inferior position

C. only the husband work to earn the living

D. the wife only take care of the household

150. What is the long-standing division of labor between husband and wife in America?

A. Husband-leader, wife-helper.

B. Husband and wife share the housework.

C. Husband and wife have equal partnership.

D. Husband plays a superior role while wife plays an inferior role.

151. Which statement is NOT true about the new type of marriage?

A. Husband and wife share all their duties equally.

B. Wife can also make the decisions in the family.

C. Wife earns the living while husband does housework.

D. Husband is also responsible for raising children.

152. The women's attitudes toward marriage contribute to ____________.

A. the Women's Liberation Movement

B. the prohibition of any form of sexual discrimination

C. the changing roles of husband and wife in the marriage

D. all of the above

153. Which of the following can be the tide for this passage?

A. The Changing Patterns of Americans' Marriage

B. An Ideal Marriage

C. The Women's liberation Movement

D. The Equal Right between Husband and Wife

Part 8 Short Answer Questions

Directions: Read the following passage carefully and give brief answers to the questions. Questions 154 to 158 are based on the following passage.

Lately it seems like all the shoes I see in the stores have high heels (高跟). Frankly, I like the way they look, but aren't they bad for my feet? Yes, they are. The popularity of high heels doesn't mean they can't hurt you. They can do harm to your entire body -- not just your feet. People take an average of 10,000 steps a day. High heels change the force of each of those steps so that the most pressure ends up on the ball of the foot and on the bones at the base of the toes. As a result, heels can lead to many foot diseases, such as heel pain, toe deformities (畸形), trapped nerves and so on. In fact, women account for about 90% of the nearly 800,000 operations each year for these diseases and most of these surgeries can be linked back to their high-heeled shoe choice. The problems can travel upward, too. The ankle, knee, and hip joints can all suffer from your shoe choices. When wearing your high-heeled shoes, the foot is held in a downward position as you walk. This keeps the knee, hip, and lower back in a somewhat bended position, which prevents the

muscles that cross the backside of these joints to straighten to full length as they normally would. Over time, this can lead to stiffness, pain, and injury. High heels can also cause lower back strain, because the heel causes your body to pitch forward more than normal, putting excess pressure on the back.

154. Which parts of the body do high-heeled shoes do harm to?

155. How can high-heels lead to foot diseases?

156. Women's high-heeled shoe choice is linked to the operations for their foot diseases, which account for ______ of the nearly 800,000 surgeries of this kind each year.

157. In addition to the foot, what are the other parts of the body which suffer from wearing high-heels?

158. Why can high heels cause lower back strain?

Part 9 Paragraph Writing

Directions: Write a short paragraph in no less than 50 words on one of the topics given below and according to the structure you have learned.

A Paragraph of Comparison

159. The Condition of the Environment Then and Now

160. Learning Then and Now

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