基础英语(四)习题

基础英语(四)习题

I. GRAMMAR

Directions: There are 80 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four choices. Choose one word or phrase that you think best completes the sentence.

1. It is necessary that an efficient worker _C___ his work on time.

A. accomplishes

B. can accomplish

C. accomplish

D. will accomplish

2. I know this is the right train. The ticket agent said it would be on __A____.

A. Platform Three

B. the Platform Three

C. Third Platform

D. the Three Platform

3. William is very hardworking, but his pay is not _B____for his work .

A. enough good

B. good enough

C. as good enough

D. good as enough

4. I won’t take Susan’s pen because I don’t like __A___.

A. that pen of hers

B. that her pen

C. her that pen

D. that pen of her

5. I didn’t call the hotel to make a room reservation, but I ___C____.

A. may have

B. must have

C. should have

D. shall have

6. My sister will be here tomorrow, but at first I thought that she __A___today.

A. was coming

B. is coming

C. must come

D. may come

7. Land belongs to the city; there is __D___thing as private ownership of land.

A. no such a

B. not such

C. not such any

D. no such

8. The flats I have looked at so far were too expensive. So I’m better off __B___where I am.

A. stay

B. staying

C. to stay

D. stayed

9. Since the family is moving to a new house, they have to buy __A___ new furniture.

A. a lot of

B. many

C. a few

D. quite a few

10. My son walked ten miles today. We never guessed that he could walk __C__far.

A. \

B. such

C. that

D. as

11.If talks for the new trade agreements take__A__, food industries in both countries will be seriously affected.

A. much too long

B. too much longer

C. too much long

D. much long

12. You and I could hardly understand each other, __C___?

A. could I

B. couldn’t you

C. could we

D. couldn’t we

13. We _B____the visitor with an apartment, but he specifically asked for a single room.

A. could provide

B. could have provided

C. couldn’t provide

D. couldn’t have provided

14. The missile is designed in such a way that once ___A___nothing can be done to retrieve it.

A. fired

B. being fired

C. they fired

D. having fired

15.__B____, he would not have recovered so quickly.

A. Hadn’t he been taken good care of

B. Had he not been taken good care of

C. Hadn’t he been taken good care of

D. Hadn’t he been taken good care of

16. You _C__ a new bicycle, since the one you lost the other day has already been fond.

A. should not buy

B. needn’t buy

C. need not have bought

D. should not have bought

17. It was not until midnight __C___the camping site.

A. that they reached

B. that they did not reach

C. did they reach

D. did they not reach

18. It is predicted that existing reserves of fossil fuel_C___ by 2045.

A. have been run out

B. are going to be run out

C. will have run out

D. have run out

19.Only by increasing its exports drastically _C__from the present trade imbalance。

A. the country can emerge

B. the country might emerge

C. can the country emerge

D. the country has emerge

20. Since the mid-1960s considerable research __D__in embryo transplants in many countries.

A. has carried out

B. was carried out

C. carried out

D. has been carried out

21. If the temperature of the reactor__B___500degrees higher, meltdown would have occurred.

A. was

B. had been

C. was being

D. had

22. The more acid you add to the solution,__D__ the literature review .

A. cloudier

B. the cloudiest

C. more cloudy

D. the cloudier

23. The lecturer said ―It is time you __A__the literature review.‖

A. began

B. should begin

C. begin

D. are beginning

24. After __B_your results, you should make an appointment with your tutor.

A. you receiving

B. you have received

C. you would have received

D. you received

25. You__C__ the experiment twice, not once.

A. have not carried out

B. should not have carried out

C. should have carried out

D. might have carried out

26. It looks __D__ you have made a serious mistake.

A. as

B. if

C. though

D. as though

27._C__the right answer I would have got full marks in the exam.

A. If I would have known

B. If I will know

C. Had I know

D. If I was knowing

28.__B_way you do it, the answer is always the same.

A. However

B. Whichever

C. Whoever

D. Why ever

29.__C_producing methane, the process also produces carbon monoxide.

A. Apart

B. As well

C. Besides

D. In addition

30.He appears _A_some minor problem .

A. to have had

B. having

C. was having

D. had

31.Einstein,_C_changed our ways of seeing the universe, did not learn to read until he was ten.

A. Which theories

B. that his theories

C. hose theories

D. who theories

32.It is not so much the language _C_the legal jargons that makes the book difficult to understand.

A. but

B. nor

C. as

D. like

33.The shop has sold many refrigerators of this kind and the rest_D_on sale today.

A. is

B. has

C. have

D. are

34.The owner and captain refused to leave_A_ship which was sinking.

A. his

B. a

C. their

D. /

35.The petrol station lies within_B_of victories farm.

A. Fifteen-minute-drive

B. fifteen minutes drive

C. fifteen minute-drive

D. fifteen minutes drive

36.Some of his answers were correct ,but I don’t remember_D_.

A. what one

B. which one

C. what ones

D. which ones

37.This leather purse is too expensive; that one is too cheap. _A_the leather purses is satisfactory.

A. Neither of

B. Both of

C. Either of

D. None of

38.There is _B_man downstairs waiting for you.

A. any

B. some

C. few

D. not

39.Bill_A_as Mark.

A. as much as three times

B. runs not so fast

C. doesn’t runs faster

D. runs less fast

40.This CD costs me _C_the one I bought the other day.

A. as much as three times

B. as much money as three time

C. three times as much as

D. three times expensive as

41.Ian studies harder than_C_in our class.

A. all

B. everyone

C. anyone

D. any other

42. _B_our dear sister rest in peace.

A. Can

B. May

C. Must

D. Will

43.Nobody saw the CEO at the conference; he_A_at it.

A. couldn’t have spoken

B. couldn’t speak

C. mustn’t have spoken

D. shouldn’t have spoken

44.Who _B_it be at the door?

A. may

B. can

C. must

D. need

45. The line is busy; someone_A_the telephone.

A. must use

B. can

C. must

D. need

46.If there were no subjunctive mood, English_A_much easier.

A. would be

B. could have been

C. will be

D. would have been

47. _C_for his timely help, I could not have completed my project in time.

A. If it was not

B. If it were not

C. Had it not been

D. Were it not

48.I wish I _C_you yesterday.

A. did telephone

B. telephoned

C. had telephone

D. were to telephone

49.How about us _B_a concert at the weekend?

A. to go to

B. going

C. go to

D. to be going to

50. I would appreciate_A_to see me in my office.

A. your coming

B. you to come

C. you come

D. you to be coming

51. _D_,the glass would break into pieces.

A. If having handled carelessly

B.TO handle carelessly

C. handling carelessly

D. If handle carelessly

52. The drunkard was found _B_under the bench in the park.

A. to lie dead

B. lying dead

C.lie dead

D. lying died

53.Now Tim regrets_B_hard enough while at the university.

A. not to work

B. having not worked

C. .having not worked

D. not have worked

54.Please show me the table _B_.

A. for placing the vase

B. to Place the vase on

C. to Place the vase C. placing the vase on

55.The bed sheets and pillows will want_A_,I suppose.

A. washing

B. to wash

C. being washed

D. to have washed

56.The couple feel more comfortable on a place than they would be if they _D _any other way.

A. are travelling

B. have travelled

C.travel

D. travelled

57.A hundred dollars _B_not buy as much as __used to.

A. do…they

B. does…it

C. does…that

D. do…it

58.Child _D_she is ,the girl is quite independent.

A. like

B. when

C. for

D. as

59 _C_goes to the seminar will find it really interesting and informative.

A. No matter who

B. Whoever

C. Whomever

D. No matter which

60.If we work hard, we can overcome any difficulty, _A_great it is.

A. however

B. what

C. how

D. no matter

61.These photos will show you _B_.

A. what does our university look like

B. what our university looks like

C. How does our university look like

D. How our university looks like

62.Go and get your suitcase. It is _D_you left it.

A. when

B. whether

C. how

D. where

63. _C_John won the first prize at the speech contest made the whole class very excited.

A. How

B. What

C. That

D. Whether

64.I guess Patricia will invite _A_you want.

A. whomever

B. whatever

C. whoever

D. whichever

65.Mr.Johnson said that Beijing was the first city_C_he had visited in China.

A. where

B. which

C. that

D. what

66.Tomorrow will be Monday_A_

A. So will it

B. So it will

C. Neither it will

D. Neither will it

67.Neither Tim nor I had ever heard of ,let alone_D_such a fascinating book.

A. see

B. to see

C. seeing

D. seen

68.One of her longest_A_dreams was to visit her birthplace again.

A. held

B. holding

C. hold

D. being held

69.You must have waited for me for a long time , _D_?

A. mustn’t you

B. needn’t you

C. didn’t you

D. haven’t you

70.—Many of us thought that last night’s play was generally poor.

--I didn’t find_A_.

A. it so

B. it

C. it be

D. it is

71.Mr. Clark seldom spends the weekend with his family, _C_?

A. hasn’t he

B. has he

C. does he

D. doesn’t he

72.The shirt made of a new material is quite easy_A_.

A. to wash

B. on washing

C. being washed

D. to be washed

73._C_about the food in the restaurant ,but she also refused to pay for her meal.

A. She did not only complain

B. Not only she did complain

C. Not only did she complain

D. She not only did complain

74. The boy kicked the ball_B_hard, and it broke the window.

A. very little

B. a little too

C. quite a little

D. too little

76.Do you remember_C_to professor Day during his last visit to our department?

A. to be introduced

B. to introduce

C. being introduced

D. introducing

77.-What does your new car look like?

- It is similar in shape_D_yours.

A. with

B. like

C. as

D.TO

78.The visitor expressed the hope _B_they would come to the fair again next year.

A. which

B. that

C. what

D. when

79.Not until late in the evening_A_.

A. did the campers put up their tents

B. the campers put up their tents

C. the campers did put up their tents

D. the campers had put up their tents

80. _D_,his idea was accepted by the participants at the meeting.

A. Weird as might it sound

B. As it might sound weird

C. As it might weird SOUND

D. Weird as It might sound

II.VOCABULARY

Section A

Directions: There are 80 sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four choices. Choose the word that you think best completes the sentence.

1. She did her best to stay awake, but the performance was so boring that she just D

to sleep.

A. dropped in

B. dropped out

C. dropped off

D. dropped down

2. Paul was a very lively child, always in C .

A. excellent spirits

B. good spirits

C. high spirits

D. bright spirits

3. Lilly made no attempt to A the problem.

A. tackle

B. try

C. undertake

D. achieve

4. The boy began to cry and tears slowly B down his face.

A. oozed

B. trickled

C. dribbled

D. leaked

5. On January 1st, many people make a New Year D .

A. intention

B. determination

C. dedication

D. resolution

6. In this country it is against the C not to wear seat belts in a car.

A. rule

B. regulation

C. law

D. order

7. Johnny's parents always let him have his own B .

A. will

B. way

C. wish

D. demand

8. Our telephone has been A for a month.

A. out of order

B. out of line

C. out of touch

D. out of place

9. She was extremely C , always ready to agree with other people's

A. mellow

B. moderate

C. adaptable

D. supple

10. The woman tripped over the uneven pavement and D her elbow.

A. distorted

B. dislodged

C. disabled

D. dislocated

11. He knew that he couldn't change anything so he just B himself to the situation.

A. assigned

B. resigned

C. retired

D. kept

12. Game pie was a(n) C of this famous restaurant.

A. singularity

B. particularity

C. speciality

D. originality

13. Mr. Williamson was acting peculiarly and seemed in a funny B .

A. state of affairs

B. state of mind

C. state of grace

D. state of nature

14. The scientists became very excited as they felt they were D of a discovery.

A. on the crest

B. on the surface

C. on the borderline

D. on the brink

15. An C degree was conferred on the distinguished economist.

A. honour

B. honoured

C. honorary

D. honorable

16. Mary is very set in her ways, but her brother has a more D attitude

A. changeable

B. changing

C. variable

D. flexible

17. My passport A last month, so I will have to get a new one.

A. expired

B. ended

C. finished

D. terminated

18. Your room must be B by 12 o'clock, but your luggage may be left with the porter.

A. evacuated

B. vacated

C. deserted

D. abandoned

19. My grandma's condition looks very serious and it is doubtful if she will

D .

A. pull up

B. pull in

C. pull out

D. pull through

20. The purpose of the survey was to B the school inspectors with local

school conditions.

A. inform

B. acquaint

C. instruct

D. notify

21. Sam is being C for his stomachache at the hospital now.

A. cured

B. healed

C. treated

D. operated

22. Because of his poor health, it took him a long time to A his bad cough.

A. throw off

B. throw away

C. throw down

D. throw

23. People under 21 are not B to join the sports club.

A. desirable

B. eligible

C. advisable

D. admissible

24. Though seriously damaged by a fire, the ancient mansion was eventually

C

to its original splendor.

A. repaired

B. renewed

C. restored

D. renovated

25. I cannot bear the noise coming from my neighbour's house; it D

me from my work.

A. distracts

B. annoys

C. interrupts

D. disturbs

26. Vincent cannot B without at least one pack of cigarettes.

A. get on

B. get through

C. get over

D. get by

27. In Scotland, minor cases were C with a jury in the Sheriff courts.

A. tested

B. examined

C. tried

D. considered

28. Lisa Black is A as a Labour candidate in the forthcoming election.

A. standing

B. sitting

C. contending

D. entering

29. Eighteen is the C voting age in our country.

A. competent

B. minimal

C. minimum

D. maximum

30. Cases involving young people under 18 are heard in specially constituted D

courts.

A. junior

B. youth

C. infantile

D. juvenile

31. According to the latest B poll, the Opposition is likely to win the

next General Election.

A. inquiry

B. opinion

C. question

D. impression

32. After three hours, the jury were still unable to reach a unanimous

A .

A. verdict

B. decision

C. judgment

D. conclusion

33. A B survey was conducted among local families to find out the

average amount of expense on their children's education.

A. representation

B. questionnaire

C. referendum

D. question

34. A popular way of keeping fit is to go D which is a kind of slow- to

medium- paced running.

A. trotting

B. sauntering

C. strolling

D. jogging

35. Piles of old books and newspapers B her desk.

A. spread

B. littered

C. heaped

D. scattered

36. Exercising generally begins with standing up straight, C slowly

and then letting your breath out evenly.

A. exhaling C. drawing C. inhaling D. puffing

37. The woman remained depressingly fat B all her efforts to slim.

A. against B despite C. although D.

contrary

38. Many Asian people are of A build while Europeans often have a

heavier frame.

A. slim B slight C. lean D. thin

39. The pupil C a story to explain why he was absent from school.

A. developed B described C. invented D.

outlined

40. There are B that the weather is changing in the region.

A, associations B indications C. comments D.

concerns

41. It is an encouraging sign that people's purchasing power is A the

rise recently.

A. on B in C. at D. with

42. The speaker had no D in himself when facing a large audience.

A. experience B progress C. objection D.

confidence

43. The man drew the curtain and B the painting behind it.

A. projected

B. revealed

C. exposed

D.

brought

44. The football club tried to C the famous player with a generous offer of

money.

A. promote

B. defend

C. tempt

D. force

45. Cindy C some sweets from her bag and insisted they be shared among

her friends.

A. distributed

B. pulled

C. produced

D. drew

46. Not a B has been found so far that can help the police find the

robber.

A. fact

B. clue

C. mark

D. sign

47. She is a teacher D of our great respect.

A. aware

B. confident

C. capable

D. worthy

48. They had A it for granted that they would succeed in their

research.

A. taken

B. made

C. had

D. thought

49. The final cost was considerably higher than the builder's original

D .

A. amount

B. sum

C. account

D. estimate

50. He couldn't tell C from a distance whether it was Sam or his

brother.

A. at large

B. in name

C. for sure

D. in short

51. No matter how much progress we've made in our work, we shouldn't get

A .

A. complacent

B. perfect

C. satisfactory

D.

fortunate

52. The D instrument requires a skilled operator.

A. artificial

B. fashionable

C. difficult

D. intricate

53. We should C all possible ways to create jobs for the unemployed.

A. provide

B. review

C. explore

D. make

54. The coupon B you to a free meal in our new restaurant.

A. confers

B. entitles

C. grants

D. offers

55. The old woman opened the box and emptied the D into a jar.

A. insides

B. interior

C. refills

D.

contents

56. At the weekend, all the local TV channels provide extensive B of

sporting events.

A. view

B. coverage

C. broadcast

D. network

57. In order not to be heard, the woman D that someone was moving

about in the bush.

A. screamed

B. shouted

C. spoke

D.

whispered

58. The appeal to the senses known as D is a common technique in

poetry.

A. imaginative

B. imaginable

C. ingenious

D.

imagery

59. The possibility that the explosion was caused by sabotage cannot be

B .

A. broken out

B. ruled out

C. cancelled out

D. wiped

out

60. The headquarters of this oil company is in London while its

___C____companies are located in different parts of the world.

A. parent

B. inferior

C. subsidiary

D. ultimate

61. Sitting on the table, two small cats were B round the inside of the

empty ham tin.

A. swallowing

B. licking

C. chewing

D.

munching

62. The Renaissance was a(n) C of unparalleled cultural achievement

and had a great impact on almost all European countries.

A. moment

B. dynasty

C. epoch

D. instant

63. Absorbed in her work, she was totally B her surroundings.

A. liable for

B. oblivious of

C. separated by

D. concerned

about

64. The young man has D some brilliant scheme to double his income.

A. come out

B. come to

C. come about

D. come up

with

65. Social A vary greatly from country to country.

A. customs

B. rules

C. habits

D.

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