海产品市场分析

Seafood market analysis

China is a big country of production and consumption of seafood seafood, have wide market. With the development of economy, people's living standards continue to improve, seafood consumption will rise rapidly. But at the same time, consumer demand is undergoing subtle changes: hierarchy of needs to personalized and diversified development, more and more attention to enterprises to provide quality of service, the original to the seafood wholesale, retail enter thousands of households only supply mode has not been able to meet the needs of. In order to meet the market demand, be imperative new business mode.

At present Chinese has become the world's largest seafood in the seafood production, annual output of 51000000 tons, stable growth rate which represents 4.08% per year. The first three quarters of 2007, the national sea products output of 17828500 tons, up 2.12% over the same period, the marine fishing products 9403400 tons, down 0.98% over the previous year, marine aquaculture products was 8425000 tons, up 5.82% over the previous year. Sea fishing production and processing industry, concentrated in the north coastal city such as Dalian, Qingdao and southern Zhejiang Province, Fujian province and Guangdong Province, near the capital, China seafood industry ranked first in Ji'nan of Shandong Province, the total output of 7400000 tons.

China seafood consumption is increasing with the growing rich middle class and, from 1990 11.5 kg per person has increased to an average of 25.6 kg per capita in 2006. Estimated that by 2020, this figure will increase 40%, 35.9 kg per capita. The overall price of seafood has been relatively stable, the first half of this year compared with the same period of seafood prices rose 4.2%, far below the poultry and egg products 29.1% and 26.2%. Although in recent years, experienced a significant development Chinese seafood products processing, but the contradiction of marine product processing industry development relative lag is still quite prominent, processed, semi processed products are still unable to meet market demand. With the continuous improvement of living standards, people put forward higher requirements to seafood, natural, nutrition, convenient, delicious, fresh seafood has gradually become the fashion. China profound diet culture, consumers generally like seafood, especially popular seafood, pork, edible oil prices climbed to seafood has become an important alternative goods. Consumers began to develop rational orientation, surface for seafood requirements is not limited to seafood, more fast, health, convenience, safety and refined, the humanization of high-quality service. With the increase of people's work, life stress, consumers free disposable time is less and less, in the spare no time to buy seafood and processing, thus processed, semi processed seafood is very popular, consumers want the enterprise can through diversification,

professional management pattern and provide fresh, nutrition convenient, delicious, for its seafood. The brand is more easy to establish loyalty. 1, brand. Most water products are free of brand management. Therefore, the present situation of fishery production and operation of enterprises, the brand is a pressing matter of the moment. To establish the brand, can increase customer loyalty, improve visibility, but also to the whole marketing, to react quickly to market demand. At present, the seafood is still oversupply of products, build brand can make products more reliable, can have a sound sales network, also can be to the industry more understanding and create good relations of cooperation.

2 quality. With the enhancement of people's living standard enhancement, health consciousness and China's accession to the WTO, seafood is more and more high quality requirements, so as to provide a broad space for high quality seafood marketing. The implementation of quality strategy is to ensure the safety of seafood quality, so that consumers be assured, the development of green food with high quality and efficiency, bring. For seafood production, processing, sales in strict accordance with international standards, to ensure the quality and safety of products in the market, SMOOTH OPERATOR.

3 service. The development of the market and maturity, to enable consumers to the content of the service request more and more specifically, to the service quality of the increasingly high demand, improve service, improve market competitiveness. To provide thoughtful, subtle, comprehensive service for the customer, make it easy to buy, easy to carry, convenient to eat, health, health. Introduce to consumers of seafood (crab species of fish and shellfish algae), the main nutrients (rich in protein and a variety of amino acids, low fat, vitamins and other), the benefits of eating (reducing blood fat, cholesterol, brain and so on) and cooking methods, and provides fresh, nutritious, convenient, delicious seafood for, to arouse their interest, guide consumption.

4 marketing. Essential to the success of the marketing strategy, market environment, consumer groups, the audience characteristics to seriously study the seafood, spend money on edge. Word of mouth marketing is one of most effective, assisted a variety of promotional activities, and strive to achieve maximum effect with the least money.

5 difference. Can understand the differences for the different strategies of seafood seafood for different customers. First do the variety difference, fish, shrimp, shellfish, crabs, algae five categories and their processed products Goods are available in all varieties., used to meet the needs of people with different tastes, then do grade difference, according to the different categories, different water quality, nutrition, such as origin, classification, low in price to meet consumer demand for different grades. Lower prices and the temptation to attract large number of lower income people, high-grade aquatic products are prepared for the

higher income consumer groups or giving a gift. In addition to achieve service differentiation, according to different customer needs, provide product processing, semi processed, such as door-to-door service.

海产品市场分析

中国是世界海产品生产和消费大国,拥有广阔的海产品市场。随着经济的不断发展,人民生活水平的不断提高,海产品的消费将迅速上升。但与此同时,消费者的需求正在发生着微妙变化:需求层次向个性化和多样化发展、越来越重视企业提供的服务质量,原有的以海产品批发、零售进入千家万户的单纯供货模式已不能够满足需要。为了迎合市场需求,全新的经营模式势在必行。

目前中国已成为全球最大的海产品生产国,海鲜食品年总产量为5100万吨,这代表着每年4.08%的稳定增长率。2007年前三季度全国海水产品产量1782.85万吨,比上年同期增长2.12%,其中海洋捕捞产品940.34万吨,比上年同期下降0.98%,海水养殖产品产量842.50万吨,比上年同期增长5.82%。海产业捕捞、生产以及加工集中在北方的沿海城市如大连、青岛以及南方的浙江省、福建省和广东省附近,省会在济南的山东省位居中国海鲜食品生产业的首位,其总产量为740万吨。

中国海产品的消费量正在随着国家富裕中等阶层的不断增长而增长,从1990年的人均11.5千克已经增加到了2006年的人均平均25.6千克。预计到2020年,这一数字会进一步提高40%,达到人均35.9千克。海产品的总体价格一直比较的稳定,今年上半年海产品价格同期相比上涨4.2%,远低于肉禽和蛋类产品的29.1%和26.2%。虽然最近几年,中国的海鲜产品加工经历了重大发展,但是海产品加

工业发展相对滞后的矛盾仍相当突出,加工、半加工产品仍无法满足市场需求。随着国内生活水平的不断提高,人们海产品提出了更高的要求,天然、营养、方便、美味、新鲜的海产品已逐渐成为时尚。

中国深厚的饮食文化,消费者普遍喜欢海产品,尤其是各种大众化的海产品,而猪肉、食用油价格的攀升使海产品成为了重要的替代性商品。消费者开始向理性化方向发展,对于海产品的要求已不仅仅局限于海产品的表面,更要求快速、卫生、便利、安全以及精致化、人性化的高品质服务。随着人们工作、生活压力的增大,消费者的空余可支配时间越来越少,在闲暇之余根本没有时间来购买海产品并进行加工,因此经过加工、半加工的海产品非常受青睐,消费者希望企业能通过多元化、专业化的经营形态并为其提供新鲜、营养、方便、美味的海产品。消费者对于品牌更易建立忠诚度。

1、品牌。绝大多数水产品实行的都是无品牌经营。所以,就目前水产生产经营企业的现状而言,品牌化是当务之急。建立品牌,可以提高客户的忠诚度,提高知名度,还可以进行整体的营销,对市场需求作出快速的反应。目前我国的海产品仍属于供大于求的产品,建立品牌可以使产品更加可靠,可以拥有完善的销售网络,也可以对行业更加了解和创造良好的合作关系。

2.优质。随着人们的生活水平的提高、健康意识的增强以及我国加入了WTO,海产品质量的要求越来越高,从而为优质海产品营销提供了广阔的空间。实行优质策略就是要保证海产品质量安全,让消费者放心,开发绿色食品,以优质带来优效。严格按照国际标准进行

海产品的生产、加工、销售,确保海产品质量安全,在市场上畅通无阻。

3.服务。市场的发展与成熟,使消费者对服务内容的要求越来越具体,对服务质量的要求越来越高,搞好服务,就是提高市场的竞争力。为顾客提供周到、细微、全面的服务,让其购买方便、携带方便、食用方便、卫生、健康。向消费者介绍海产品的种类(鱼虾贝蟹藻等)、主要营养成分(丰富的蛋白质和多种氨基酸、低脂肪、多种维生素等)、食用的好处(降血脂、降胆固醇、健脑等)以及食用的方法等,并为其提供新鲜、营养、方便、美味的海产品,以唤起他们的购买兴趣、引导消费。

4.营销。成功的营销策略必不可少,要认真研究海产品的市场环境、消费群体、受众等特点,把钱花在刀刃上。口碑营销是最为实效的一种方式,辅助各种促销活动,力争用最少的钱取得最大的效果。

5.差异化。海产品差异化策略可以理解为针对不同的顾客提供不同的海产品。首先做到品种差异化,鱼、虾、贝、蟹、藻五大类及其加工产品一应俱全,用来满足人们不同口味的需要,其次做到档次差异化,根据不同水产品的种类、质量、营养、产地等划分低、中、高价格满足消费者的不同档次需求。较低的价格吸引和诱惑大批中下层收入者,高档水产品是为了较高收入的消费群体或请客送礼等而准备的。再者做到服务差异化,针对不同客户的需求,提供产品的加工、半加工、送货上门等服务。

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