Unit 3第一二课时导学案

Unit 3 .Could you please clean your room ?导学案

第1-2课时 (Section A 1a-2d)

【内容标准】 Make polite requests; Ask for permission

【教学目标】1.掌握并灵活运用本课的重点词汇rubbish ,fold ,sweep ,floor, mess。

2.重点短语sweep the floor, work on, finish doing,take out the rubbish。

3.听懂“请求做家务活动”的相关话题及文章;学会有礼貌地提出请求和准许。【学习重点、难点】1.掌握一些家务活动的相关动词短语。

2.掌握情态动词could的用法和助动词do的用法。

【自主学习】

一.词汇

1.My mother told me to_______(打扫) the floor every day.

2.Don’t put your answer on the chair.______(折叠) it and put it on the bed.

3.Jack,can you help me c_____ the living room?

4.Let’s t_____ out the rubbish and put it in the trash bin(垃圾箱).

二.短语

1.______________洗餐具

2.____________ 倒垃圾

3.make your/the bed ___________

4..fold the clothes_______ _

5.sweep the floor ____________

6.___________打扫客厅

7.______________没问题

8.______________ 出去吃饭

9.stay out late ______________ 10.go to the movies _____________ 11.get a ride ____________

12.work on__________ 13.______________做完某事 14.______________ 干净又整洁

【语言点】

—Peter ,could you please take out the trash?请你把垃极倒掉好吗?

—Sure, Mom.可以,妈妈。

—Could you please do the dishes? 请洗盘子好吗?

—Sorry ,I can’t. I have to do my homework.抱歉,我不能。我得做作业。

【解析】Could you please…? could aux.表示委婉语气,礼貌地提出请求“请你…可以吗?”肯定回答:Certainly./Of course./With pleasure/No problem.否定: Sorry, I can’t./Sorry ,I’m afraid I can’t.要避免说No, you can’t.这样显得很不礼貌。无论肯定

还是否定应答中,要避免使用could,要用can或may。表示请求帮助或请求允许时,除了can, could之外,还可以用may。

区别动词do和make

“do”与动作及非实质性的事连用。与词尾是-ing的动作名词连用,如do the dishes

(洗餐具), do my homework(做我的家庭作业),do chores(做家务,处理琐事),do the laundry(洗衣),do the shopping(购物),do some reading(读书)

“make”表示“做、制造”、“整理”、“冲、泡(饮料)”等,如:make your bed(铺床),make breakfast(做早餐),make dinner(做晚饭),make tea(泡茶,沏茶),make myself a cup of coffee(给自己冲一杯咖啡)

【合作交流、文本探究】

一.借助图片熟读动词短语讨论Do you do these chores at home? 并完成1a。

1.听1b找出妈妈和Peter要做的家务劳动并跟读。

2.小组讨论:What kind of chores Peter and his mother will do?并编写对话。

二.听读说训练:

1.先阅读2a中Peter 父亲拒绝的理由,然后听2a,2b完成练习并核对答案。

2. 听录音并跟读,注意模仿语音语调。小组合作做2c。观察与思考:对话中以Could 引

导的疑问句,表示____________。如果接受对方的邀请我们可以回答________________.如果

拒绝对方的邀请,一般不直接说_______________,而应该说_______________以示礼貌。

3. 分角色表演2d,小组讨论解决疑难问题。

【助学点拨】:

1.take out the rubbish倒垃圾

【解析】take out “把…拿出去” v.+adv.结构,接代词需放两者中间 take it out,

【拓展】take ...out of...把…从…取出

中考常考:turn on/off / up/down ;put on ;take off;cut up;put off ;try on

试穿 mix up混合;pick up捡起

2. I’m going to work on it now.

【解析】work on从事,忙于后跟名词、代词或动名词作宾语。

eg. He has worked on his company for ten years.

3.help out with sth 给予帮助

.【短语】help out 帮忙 help sb. out帮助某人解决难题

eg. You always watch TV and never help out around the house.

4. any minute now =any second/ moment /time now随时、马上、在任何时刻

eg .He should be here any minute now.= He should be here any moment now.他应该很快就到这里了。

5.make one’s bed=make the bed整理某人的床铺

6 .Could I at least finish watching this show?我至少能看完这个节目吧?

【解析】at least至少 finish完成,结束,finish sth./doing sth.

7. I think two hours of TV is enough for you!我认为两个小时的电视对你来说足够了!

【观察】主谓一致: One and a half hours is enough. 一个半小时足够了。

【小结】谓语动词与主语要在人称和数上保持一致。

One of my favorite sports_____ basketball.我最喜欢的一项运动时篮球

Two months _____ a long holiday. 两个月是一个长假。

8. Could you take out the rubbish, fold the clothes and do the dishes?

你倒垃圾、叠衣服和洗餐具好吗?

rubbish垃圾;废弃物 (不可数名词) rubbish(英)=trash(美)=waste things废物

如: She threw the bottle into the trash (她把瓶子扔进了垃圾堆)。

trash有时也在英国英语中使用,但仅限于比喻用法:The book was trash (这本书简直

是垃圾)。

Please, pick the _______ up off the ground.请捡起地面上的垃圾。

I can't _______ you waste your time reading that rubbish.我无法相信你浪费时间

阅读那本垃圾书。

9.And she won’t be happy if she sees this mess. 如果她看到乱成这样,她会不高兴的。

【解析】mess常作可数名词单数,意为“杂乱,不整洁”。

eg.The room was in a terrible __________ . 房间里脏乱不堪。

eg .“What a _________!”she said after the party.聚会后她说:“真是一片狼藉!”

Linda can't stand _____. 琳达无法忍受脏乱。

【拓展】make a mess弄脏;搞成一团糟 in a mess 乱七八糟

The kids made a mess in the living room. 孩子们把客厅搞得一塌糊涂。

10.Tony, could you please help out with a few things? 托尼,你可以帮着做几件事情吗?

few/ a few与复数名词连用:few eggs几乎没有鸡蛋(否)a few eggs有几个鸡蛋(肯)little /a little与不可数名词连用little water几乎没有水(否)a little water有一点水(肯)

little(与不可数名词连用)微少的,少到几乎没有的(可用so,too,very修饰)

____ people understand the difference. 很少有人了解这个差别。

I need____ things from the store. 我需要从商店买些东西。

______ ___ ____ people are going to arrive early. 相当多的人打算早到。

His English is improving _______ ___ _____. 他的英语正在逐步提高。

He ate ______, and drank less. 他没吃什么东西,更没喝什么。

___ _____ food would do us all some good. 吃点东西,对我们大家都会有好处。

little by little 缓慢地;逐渐地;一点一点地

His English is improving _______ ___ _____. 他的英语正在逐步提高。

【检测反馈】

《优化设计》Ⅲ,翻译句子。

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