新视野大学英语第三版读写教程第四册课本练习答案

新视野大学英语读写教程4(第三版)课本练习参考答案

UNIT ONE

Section A

Language focus

Words in use

[3]

1.crumbled

2.discern

3.surpass

4.shrewd

5.conversion

6.distort

7.radiant

8.ingenious

9.stumped 10.proposition

Word building

新视野大学英语第三版读写教程第四册课本练习答案

[5]

1.bankruptcies

2.atmospheric

3.delicacies

4.urgency

5.accountancy

6.gloom

7.magnet

8.metallic

9.mastery 10.vacancy 11.guilt 12.secrecy Banked close

[6]

1-10:C I A O F H M K J D

Expressions in use

[7]

1.were dripping with

2.in exchange for

3.flared up

4.make an analogy between

5.set a date for

6.make…out of

7.made a pact

8.had appealed to

[9]

亚里士多德是古希腊的哲学家和科学家。他的作品涵盖了许多学科,包括物理学、生物学、

动物学、逻辑学、伦理学、诗歌、戏剧、音乐、语言学、政治和政府,构成了第一个综合的西方哲学体系。亚里士多德是第一个将人类的知识领域划分为不同学科的人,如数学,生物学和伦理学。他相信人所有的观念和所有的知识在根本上都是基于感知能力。他对自然科学的看法构成了他许多作品的基础。他几乎对他所处时期的每一个人类知识领域都作出了贡献。他的作品包含人们所知的最早的关于逻辑的正式研究,即使在今天,亚里士多德哲学所涵盖的方方面面仍是学术研究的重要课题。他的哲学对所有的西方哲学理论的发展有着经久不衰的影响。在去世2,300多年后,亚里士多德仍是最有影响力的哲学家和科学家之一。

[10]

The Doctrine of the Mean is the core of Confucianism. The so-called “mean”by Confucius doesn’t mean“compromise”but a “moderate”and “just-right”way when understanding and handling objective things. Confucius advocated that this thought should not only be treated as a way to understand and deal with things but also be integrated into one’s daily conduct to ma ke it a virtue through self-cultivation and training. The Doctrine of the Mean is not only the core of Confucianism but also an important component of traditional Chinese culture. From the time it came into being the present, it has played an invaluable role in the construction of national spirit, the transmission of national wisdom, and the development of national culture.

Section B

Language focus

Words in use

[4]

1.triggering

2.obsure

3.hypothesis

4.formulate

5.threshold

6.incidence

7.refute 8.realm 9.decay 10.tesimony

Expressions in use

[5]

1. play the odds

2.subject to

3.attributes/attributed…to

4.be factored into

5.call for

6.By virtue of

7.get stuck on

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/5d3349b8c9d376eeaeaad1f34693daef5ef7131a.htmle into play

Sentence structure

[6]

1.The time has come for a broad international effort to integrate China into the global economy.

2.The time has come for us to recognize that traditional art forms presented in traditional venues cannot compete with objects produced by popular culture.

3.The time has come for considering the policy of conserving these material resources on which the permanent prosperity of our country must depend.

[7]

1.These reports differ from his earlier work in that they offer solutions to public pension problems.

2. These forums are unique in that they provide a venue for those with varying perspectives to have an open and honest dialog.

3. Social support has been found to act as a stress reducer in that it protects people in crisis from both physical and psychological problems.

Collocation

Warm-up

1intellectual 2.lighten 3.demands 4.winning 5.erroneous 6.inaccurate 7.winning 8.distort 9.logic-proof 10.tremendous 11.watertight 12.cognitive

UNIT TWO

Section A

Language focus

Words in use

[3]

1.deficient

2.prosecution

3.outrage

4.appeased

5.conformity

6.strand

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/5d3349b8c9d376eeaeaad1f34693daef5ef7131a.htmlplement

8.transient

9.appliances 10.outfit

Word building

新视野大学英语第三版读写教程第四册课本练习答案

1. domination

2. scanners

3.humanist

4.confrontation

5.leftists

6.orientation

7.erased

8.terrorists

9.manufacturers 10.binder 11.imperialists http://m.wendangku.net/doc/5d3349b8c9d376eeaeaad1f34693daef5ef7131a.htmlposers

Banked close

[6]

1-10:J M L B I A H O D F

Expression in use

[7]

1.in hopes of

2.came up with

3.excused herself

4.was obsessed with

5.reaching out to

6.voice an opinion on

7.live up to

8.in terms of

[9]

人们普遍认为,威廉·莎士比亚是最伟大的英语作家和世界杰出的戏剧家。他的剧本被译成多种语言,并且比其他任何剧作家的作品都上演得多。莎士比亚的早期作品大多是喜剧和历史剧。即使在今天,这些作品仍是同类作品中的杰作,享有绝佳声望。后来莎士比亚

的创作主要是悲剧,其中一些作品,如《哈姆雷特》和《李耳王》,为其在整个西方文学界赢得了声誉。莎士比亚最显著的特点是其精彩的语言运用及具有普遍意义的主题。他创造了数千个英语词汇,其中许多已经植入于英语中。他的作品主题具有普遍意义,所以能够数代流传,激发世界各地读者和观众的想象力。数世纪以来,莎士比亚影响和激励了许多作家。其作品至今依旧广受欢迎,在世界各地的文化中被不断地研究、上演和诠释。莎士比亚将继续对未来的剧作家、小说家、诗人、演员和学者产生巨大影响。

[10]

The four great classic Chinese novels are Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Outlaws of the Marsh, Journey to the West and A Dream of Red Mansions. All the four novels were written during the period from the late Yuan and early Ming dynasties to the Qing Dynasty. They all reflect various aspects of ancient China, including political and military strife, social conflicts and cultural beliefs. The four novels are of supreme artistic standards, representing the peak of China’s classic novels, Lots of the characters and scenes in the books are well-known in China and have exerted profound influences on the ideology and values of the entire nation. Highly valuable for the research of China’s ancient customs, feudal system, and social lif e, the four classic novels are precious cultural relics of China as the human social as a whole.

Section B

Language focus

Word in use

[4]

1.hampered

2.mortal

3.corrode

4.preface

5.embodies

6.interwoven

7.knit/knitted

8.collide

9.costume 10.predominant

Expressions in use

[5]

1.enquired about

2.from a…perspective

3.on the rise

4.be accountable to

5.are worn out/are wearing out

6.is exempt from

7.approve of

8.being addicted to

Sentence structure

[6]

1. To support education is not about giving a lot of money to schools. It is about setting high academic standards for our next generation.

2. The investigation was not about finding out how much money was lost. It was about finding out what made us fail to prevent the crisis.

3. A follow-up study confiremed that prejudice was not about race or skin color. It was about national origin.

[7]

1. What they were worried about was more than just the cost of the machine itself. It would be expensive to keep it up too.

2. The island is more than just a place to visit for fun. It is also a center of the shipbuilding industry in this region.

3. For me and the kids, Mother Earth News is more than just a magazine that introduces various kinds of healthy diets; it is a friend who gives us comfort!

Collocation

Warm-up

1.chronic insecurity

2.emtional pain

3.physically impossible

4.extraordinary measure

5. Extremely self-confident

6.emotionally accessible

[8]

1.inner

2.physiological

3.desirable

4.absurd

5.true

6.radiantly

7.personal

8.physical

9.emotionally 10.authentic 11.valuable 12.personal

UNIT three

Language focus

Words in use

[3]

1.exquisite

2.dispersed

3.decentralized

4.deduce

5.fixture

6.frugality

7.administrate

8.disjointed

9.Reviving 10.elapse

Word building

[4]

新视野大学英语第三版读写教程第四册课本练习答案

1.seniority

2.purity

3.specialties

4.reassure

5.scarcity

6.punctuality

7.sensitivity

8.restructuring 9.superiority 10.validity 11.visibility 12.solemnity

Banked close

[6]

1-10:G I E A H N B O K L

Expression in use

[7]

1. held…in high regard

2.In the interim

3.was onto something

4.in turn

5.fro m time to

time 6.pick on 7.take a stab at 8.boil down to

[9]

近年来,随着计算机科学和互联网技术的发展,社交网络服务(SNS)已,经成为

人们构建社交网络和社会关系的一个广受欢迎的平台。SNS是基于网页的服务,允许个人创建面向公众的个人简介,创建用户名单以分享社会联系,并对系统内的关系网进行浏览和交叉连接。社交网站多种多样,可整合各种信息及通讯工具,并允许用户跟网络中的其他人分享观点、图片、帖子、活动、事件以及兴趣爱好等。SNS 已通过各种方式影响到人们的社会生活以及社交活动。随着各种移动设备对SNS访问的实现,只要能连接上互联网,用户在世界上的任何地方都能一直与朋友、亲戚及其他认识的人保持联络。SNS还可以让拥有相同兴趣和信念的人通过群组或其他页面建立联系,同时,由于其网络分布广阔,还能让失散的家庭成员或朋友重新团聚,这点早已为人所知。

[10]

In recent years, with the rapid development of Internet technology, the Internet economy has become a hot issue. As represented by the promising E-commerce, the Internet economy has become a strong driving force for the economic development. Our government attaches great importance to developing the Internet economy and proposes the concept of “Internet Plus”, aiming to integrate the Internet with other industries, such as health care, transportation, education, finance, and public service. This will create great potential and broad prospects for the development of the Internet economy. With the implementation of the “Internet Plus”strategy, the Internet is certain to be integrated with more traditional industries and help build “the upgraded version of the Chinese economy”.

Unite 3 Section B

Reading Skills (略)

Reading comprehension

Understanding the text

2

1A 2 D 3C 4B 5B 6A 7C 8D

Language focus

Word in use

1 stimulus

2 magnitude

3 velocity

4 quota

5 stipulated

6 tease

7 eligible

8 premium

9 reminiscence 10 decree

Expressions in use

1 be embedded in

2 a trace of

3 is critical to

4 adjacent to

5 beat…..down

6 remains committed to

7 conceive of

8 be eligible for

Collocation

Warm up

1compelling; Instant 2 sturdy; measurable 3 decent; trim

8

1 instant success

2 overwhelmingly positive

3 outstanding entrepreneurs

4 household names

5 extremely poor

6 low-income family

7 rapid expansion

8 extreme frugality

9 harsh memories 10 firmly committed 11 crowning success

Unit 5

Section A

Language focus

Word in use

3

1 fabricate

2 nominal

3 temporal

4 reciprocal

5 denotes

6 consecutive

7 spectators

8 muttering

9 composite

10 malicious

Word building

5

Words learned New words formed

新视野大学英语第三版读写教程第四册课本练习答案

decide decisive

digest digestive

新视野大学英语第三版读写教程第四册课本练习答案

imagine imaginative

consult consultative

quality qualitative

authority authoritative

conservative conserve

quantity quantitative

新视野大学英语第三版读写教程第四册课本练习答案

settle unsettle

veil unveil

5

1 conserve

2 unbuttoning

3 authoritative

4 consultative

5 imaginative

6 quantitative

7 unveil

8 assertive

9 unsettled

10 decisive 11 digestive 12 qualitative

Bank close

6

1 L

2 E

3 O

4 J

5 G

6 H

7 A

8 C

9 I 10 M

Expressions in use

7

1 got to the point

2 are attached to

3 would have starved to death

4 If anything

5 were suspicious of

6 wandered around

7 on the side

8 was representative of

Translation

9

文艺复兴是一场影响巨大的文化运动。它在现代欧洲史的开端时期开创了一个科学革命和艺术变革时代。它始于意大利,之后蔓延到欧洲其他国家。它紧接在中世纪之后,贯穿14 到17世纪。文艺复兴时期的特点是,人们对古希腊和古罗马时期的古典知识、智慧和价值观重新焕发了兴趣。文艺复兴时期的学者在学术中采用人文方法,在艺术上追求现实主义和人类情感。科学家们不再一味地接受教堂传播的说教。相反,他们通过观察和实验来研究自然世界。同样,艺术家们将数学和光学运用到绘画、雕塑及其他艺术形式中,从而发展出新技术,并取得了更高水平的艺术效果。文艺复兴深刻地改变了现代早期的欧洲知识界。他通过对古代文献的重新发现,触发了古典知识和整个欧洲文化的重生。文学、哲学、艺术、政治、科学及其它许多领域都能感受到它的影响。

10

Chinese civilization once had a significant influence on word civilization. With the development of our country’s economy and the rise of her international statue in recent years, Chinese culture, which has a long history, is once again attracting global attention. More and more Chinese cultural elements provide inspiration for and become popular subjects of fashions, literature and movies around the world. This shows that the world needs Chinese culture. It was in this context that China decided to implement the “Culture Exporting”strategy so as to enhance her cultural exchanges with the rest of the world. After several years’ efforts, great achievements have been made in this respect. “Culture Exporting” has greatly promoted the development of our cultural industries. It is becoming an affective approach through which China enhances image and comprehensive strength.

Section B

Reading skills

1

1 A

2 D

3 B

4 D

5 C

Reading comprehension

Understanding the text

2

1 D

2 A

3 C

4 D

5 A

6 C

7 D

8 B

Language focus

Words in use

4

1 refund

2 friction(s)

3 mute

4 detained

5 extract

6 compiles

7 convertibles

8 mediated

9 tactful 10 cohesion

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