高一英语unit 1 reading 导学案答案部分

Part one:知识梳理

1. 词汇:

________ 在户外;_______ 整个的;

2. 短语:

_______ 经历;_______记下,放下;______一系列;________故意;_______为了;________在黄昏时刻;________面对面地

3.句子

1). I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.

译为:

2). I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds,moonlight and flowers could nenver have kept me spellbound.

译为:

3).It was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face.

译为:

4).I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows

译为:.

5).It’s no pleasuer looking through these any longer because nature is one thing really must be experienced. 译为:

P art Two重点短语

1. go through

经历;经受;检查;浏览;用完;做完

The country has gone through too many wars.

这个国家经历了太多的战争。

Have you gone through all your money already?

你把所有的钱都花完了吗?

联想拓展

go after追求;追赶; go ahead 前进;请说(做)吧;go by走过;(时间)过去

go along with向前;(与......)一起去;go in for爱好;从事

go out 外出;(灯,火)熄灭; go over 越过;复习

go through with 做完;完成;go up 爬上;(价格等)上升

2. set down 放下;记下;登记

联想拓展

set about (doing sth.) 着手(做某事)set out (to do sth.)开始,着手(做某事)

set aside留出;不顾;set back(把钟等)往回拨;推迟;set free释放;解放set off动身,出发(去某地);使爆炸set out动身,出发;安排,组织;set up开办;建立;设立;set an example to树立榜样set fire to ...= set ... on fire纵火烧; be set in以……为背景

set about 和set out都可作“开始/着手做某事”讲,但set about 后加doing sth.,而set out 后加to do sth.。

单项填空

As soon as he got to the office, he the students’___________ papers.

A. got down to correct

B. got down to correcting

C. set down to correcting

D. sit down to correcting

选B。

3. on purpose 故意

The boy broke Jack’s window on purpose. He wanted to frighten Jack.

那男孩是故意打破杰克的窗玻璃的,他想吓一下杰克。

purpose n. 目的,用途;目标;重要意义; for the purpose of 为了……

to little/no purpose 作用不大/徒劳

The purpose of the book is to provide a complete guide to the university.

这本书的目的是全面介绍这所大学。

4. I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. 我不知道这是不是因为我长久无法出门的缘故,我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂热。

此句中的it’s ...that是强调句型。关于强调句型,我们需要掌握以下几点:

(1)强调句型的基本结构:

“It is/was+被强调的成分+that/who+其他成分”用来强调主语、宾语和状语等成分。that只起连接作用,不作成分,但不能省略。当被强调部分为sb.作宾语时,可用who,也可用that,其他情况一律用that。强调主语时,that后的谓语动词必须与被强调的主语在人称与数上保持一致。(2)特殊句式中的强调句型:

①如果强调的是特殊疑问句中的疑问词,表示“到底”、“究竟”等语气时,就用如下结构:

“特殊疑问词+is/was+it+that/who+该句的其余部分”,that/who后只能使用陈述语序。

②在“not ...until”结构中,由until所引导的短语(或从句)作时间状语时,要用固定的强调句型:“It+is/was+not until ...+that+该句的其余部分”,that所引导的从句中的谓语动词用肯定式。

(3)强调句型要注意和it代表时间、距离、温度、自然现象、具体事物或人物等时所构成的

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