2018年 七年级英语下册(人教版)全册笔记 超详细

2018年七年级英语下册(人教版)全册笔记超详细Unit 1 Can you play the guitar?

划重点

必背句型:

1.let‘s go, shall we ?我们一起去,好吗?

2.let us go , will you ? 让我们去,好吗/

3.What club do you want to join ? 你想参加什么俱乐部?

4.I want to join a sports club. 我想参加体育俱乐部。

5.What do you want to do ? 你想干什么?

6.I want to play basketball . 我想踢足球。

7.What can you do ? I can play the guitar .

8.Can he do Chinese kung fu ?

Yes, I can . / No ,I can‘t .

9.guitar为一种乐器,play the guitar 西洋乐器名词前要加定冠词the。

球类运动、棋类、三餐、四季不用定冠词the 10.join意为―参加团体、组织(成为其成员)‖

join in=take part in―参加活动、比赛|‖

11.go swimming去游泳 go+doing 去做某事

12.注意区分:speak, say, talk和tell

①say说话What can you say?

②speak+语言

③talk表示两个人或多个人在一起讲话、谈论(多指随意谈论)

talk with sb与某人交谈talk to sb 向某人说… talk about 谈论…。

④tell的意思是―告诉,讲述,吩咐‖,讲故事或讲笑话多用tell。

13.Show ―表演,演出,出示……给某人看‖,show sth. to sb.=show sb. sth.。

14.show作名词,意为―展览,展出‖

on show ―在展出‖ car show 车展。

school show 学校公演

fashion show 时装表演

a flower show花展必背短语:

1.play chess下国际象棋

2.play the guitar/piano/violin/drums

弹奏吉他/钢琴/拉小提琴/打鼓(play短语中,乐器名词前要加the)

3.speak English/Chinese 说英语/说中文

(说某种语言用speak)

4.join a club 参加俱乐部join us 加入我们

(join后面接社团,组织名称或人)

5.music club 音乐俱乐部

6.art club 美术俱乐部

7.swimming club 游泳俱乐部

8.want to do sth. 想要做某事

(后面可以接to do sth. 的动词有:want, need, like, remember记得, learn学习, have to必须等)

9.be good at sth. / doing sth. 擅长于

be good with sb. 与某人相处友好

be good for ….. 对…..有好处

10.tell a story/ tell stories 讲故事

11.like(love) to do sth./ like(love) doing sth.

喜欢做某事

10.school show 学校演出

11.radio show 广播节目

11. talk to sb. 跟某人说

12. the old people's home 敬老院

13. music teacher wanted 招聘音乐老师

14. make friends with sb. 与某人交朋友

.make sb. do sth. 让某人做某事

15. call sb. at+电话号码

16. help sb. with sth.= help sb. do sth. 帮助某人做

17. on the weekend/ on weekends 在周末

18. on weekdays 在工作日(周一到周五)

19. do Chinese kung fu 表演中国功夫

20. school music festival 学校音乐节

21. like to do sth. =love to do sth. 喜欢/喜爱做某事

22.need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事

23.want students for the school show 需要学生参加学校表演want sb. to do sth. = would like sb. to do sth 想让某人做某事

want to join the art club想参加艺术俱乐部

24.join two clubs 参加两个俱乐部

25.the story telling club 讲故事俱乐部

26.That sounds good. 那听起来很好。

27.let‘s join now!让我们现在就加入吧!

28.what club 什么俱乐部

29.write to sb. 给某人写信

30.tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事

.tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人不要做某事

31.show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 给某人看某物

32.on show 展览

33.be busy 忙碌be busy with sth. 忙于某事

34.help with sports for English speaking students 在体育方面帮助说英语的学生

35.be relaxing 令人放松

36.be free = have time 有空

.teach sb. English 教某人英语

37.teach sb. to do sth. 教某人做某事

38.help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事

39.need sth. 需要某物

40.need to do sth. 需要做某事

41.need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事

42.on / at weekends 在周末

43.talk to / with sb. 和某人谈话

44.have a talk 聊天

45.say it in English 用英语说它Unit 2 What time do you go to school? 必背短语:

1.go to school 去上学go to work 去上班go home 回家go to bed 去睡觉

2.get up 起床get home 到家

get dressed 穿衣get up early起床早

3.brush one's teeth 刷牙

4.do one's homework 写作业

5.eat(have) breakfast / dinner / lunch 吃早餐/午饭/晚饭

6.take/have a shower 冲凉take a walk 去散步

7.at five o‘clock 在5点整

8.at half past six 在6点半

9.a quarter past eight 8点一刻

10. a quarter to ten (10点差一刻)9点45

11.an interesting job 一份有趣的工作

(job 可数;work 不可数)

12.at night/ in the evening在晚上

13.be late for work/ school/ class 迟到

14.best friend 最好朋友

15.clean on'e room 打扫房间

(clean 还有“干净的”意思)

16.half an hour 半个钟头

17. a lot of= lots of 很多

18.eat well 吃得好eat quickly 吃得快(副词修饰动词)

19.taste good 尝起来很好吃

(感官动词look/ sound/ taste +形容词)

20.get home from school 放学回家

21.get home from work 下班回家

22. a healthy life 一种健康的生活

23.It's time for sth. / It's time to do sth.

该做某事的时候了

25.either...or... 要么、、要么

27.radio station 广播电视

28.a good /bad habit 好习惯

29.live a happy life 过着幸福的生活

划重点

笔记:

连接两个并列主语时:

either…or…或者…或者..(两者之一)neither…nor… 既不…也不…(两者都)

not only ….but also….不仅….而且….(两者都)三个要用就近原则

Not only Lily but also Lucy is my sister

而both ….and…. …和…(两者都)谓语动词用复数

1.brush teeth刷牙(tooth单数)(三单brushes)

2.eat/have breakfast/lunch/dinner吃早餐(一日

三餐前不加the)

3.Eat a good breakfast.吃了一个丰盛的早餐

4.take/have a walk散步

5.do homework做家庭作业

6.clean my room打扫我的房间

7.eat ice-cream吃冰激凌eat a lot of/lots of fruit

and vegetables吃许多蔬菜和水果

8.do/play sports做运动

9.eat quickly快速的吃

10.play computer games玩电脑游戏

11.an interesting job一份有趣的工作

job/work

12.at a radio station在一家无线电台

13.radio show无线电节目

14.at night在晚上

15.in the morning

in the evening在傍晚

24.after that在那之后

after lunch午饭后

25.on weekends在周末

on school days 在上学日

26.sometimes有时

27.It‘s time for sth.该…了

to do sth.

16.much time许多时间(much修饰不可数名

词)

lots of =a lot of许多;大量(修饰不可数名词或可数名词复数)

17.half an hour半小时

18.either… or…或者…或者…

I either watch Tv or do homework on weekends. Either I or he is right./ Either he or I am right.(连接并列主语时,据就近原则)

19.It tastes good.它味道很好。

20.have a healthy life过着健康的生活(life的复

数lives)

21.make breakfast for sb.为某人做早饭

22.句型What time do you usually get up?

I usually get up at six o‘clock.

What time does he usually get up?

He usually gets up at six o‘clock.

When do you have dinner? I have dinner in the evening.

When does he have dinner? He has dinner in the evening.

23.listen to, hear和sound

△listen to意为―注意听‖,表示有意识地去听,但不一定听得见什么,强调听的动作。

They are listening to the teacher. 他们在听老师说。

△hear意为―听见‖,强调听的结果。如:

I‘m sorry to hear that.

听到那个消息我很难过。

△sound意为―听起来,听上去‖,可作系动词+形容词

The music sounds sweet. 这音乐听起来悦耳。

24.what time与when的区别

what time ―几点‖问的是具体的时间,回答要具体到小时。

What time do you go to school?

你什么时候/几点上学?

when提问,回答既可以是具体的时间,也可以是不具体的时间,如:in the morning,last year,in 1998等范围大的时间。

例如:When does he take a shower?他什么时候洗澡?

He takes a shower in the morning.他在早上洗澡。

也可用具体时间:

I take a shower at 6 o‘clock in the morning.

我早上六点洗澡。

25.英语时间的表达

What is the time? 几点了?It‘s….

1)直接法:

6:10 →six-ten 8:50→eight-fifty

6:00 →six o‘clock(o‘clock可省)

2)借助介词(to/past)分钟数+to/past+小时

小于等于30分钟“past” 超过

10:15→ a quarter past ten或fifteen past ten

9:30→half past nine或thirty past nine

大于30分钟―to‖差….到…. (翻译时要注意时钟要加1)

11:50→ten to twelve

9:45→a quarter to ten或fifteen to ten

Unit 3 How do you get to school? 必背短语:

1.到达某地:get to+地点

arrive in+ 大地点;arrive at+ 小地点

2.交通方式表达法:

take the train/ bus/ subway/taxi/ boat to +地点ride the/one's bike/ drive one's car (放句中)

by bike/ train/ subway/ car/ taxi/ boat (放句末)

3.walk to school= go to school on foot

走路去上学

4.How long 多长时间,针对时间段提问

回答:It takes sb.+时间+ to do sth.

5.How far 多远,针对两地间的距离提问

回答:"It's ten kilometers/ miles.英里"或"It's five minutes' walk. 走路5分钟的距离"

6.bus stop 公交车站bus station 汽车站

7.bus ride 公交车之行

8.be far from+地点: 远离某地

Eg: My home is far from school.

9.think of 认为

10.cross the river 横穿河流

11.between... and...在...和...之间

12.a 11-year-old boy 一个11岁的男孩13.be afraid of sth. 害怕某物

14.be like 像...一样

15.leave the village 离开村庄leave home 离开家

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/5d5094e9cf2f0066f5335a8102d276a2002960d2.htmle true 实现

17.不得不have to 步行去walk to

18.多长时间how long

19.上一封电子邮件last e-mail

20.骑自行车去上学校

21.ride a bike to school=go to school by bike

22.到学校from your home to school

23.我不确定I‘m not sure

24.这是很好的锻炼It‘s good exercise

25.有一个美好的一天have a good day

26.步行去上学walk to school=go to school on

foot

27.开他的车去上班

drive his car to work=go to work by car

28.乘公共汽车去上学

go to school by bus=take a bus to school

29.公共汽车站bus stop 汽车站bus station

30.火车站train station地铁站subway station

31.到他祖父母家get to his grandparents‘ home

32.认为think of=think about

33.过河cross the river

34.做某事很容易it‘s easy to do sth.

35.在……和……之间between...and...

36.乘/坐索道go on a ropeway

37.害怕某事/某物be afraid of sth

38.害怕做某事be afraid to do sth.

39.与……玩……play with sb.

40.许多学生many of the students=many

students

41.离开村庄leave the village离开我家leave my

home

42.因为…而感谢thinks for sth=thinks for

doing sth.

43.花某人的时间做某事It takes sb time to do

sth

44..post office邮局

44..on Bridge Street在大桥街上

45.across from 在……的对面

46.next to在……的旁边

47.between the post office and the library在邮局和图书馆之间

48.in front of在……前面

49.on Center Street在中央大街上

50.near here在这附近

51.go along沿着……走

52.turn right 向右转

53.turn left 向左转

54.on one‘s left在某人的左边

55.at the first crossing

56.在第一个十字路口

57.in my neighborhood

58.在我的附近;邻近

59.on the right在右边

60.turn right/left at the +序数词+crossing.

在第几个十字路口向右/左转。

划重点句型:

1.What do you think of...? = How do you like...? 你认为...怎么样?

2.It is +形容词+(for sb.)+to do sth.

做某事对于某人来说是...的

3. It is one's dream to do sth. 做某事是某人的梦想

I think so 我也这样认为

I don‘t think so 我不这样认为

It‘s easy /difficult for sb to do sth 对某人而言做什么是很容易/困难的

it is easy to get to school到达学校很容易

on a ropeway 坐缆索

cross the river 穿过河流

one 11-year-old boy 一个11岁的男孩(红色部分为一个形容词)

I‘m 11years old 我11岁

quickly 动作上快fast 速度上快soon时间上快

the river runs quickly 河水流的快

ten minutes‘ walk / a ten-minute walk =10 minutes on foot 10分钟的路

be afraid to do/ be afraid of sth / doing害怕做某事why not +v原形== why don‘t you+v原形为什么不...........

how to do it 怎么来做它what to do 做什么what do you think of =how do you like你觉得怎么样

how long does it take sb to do sth花费某人多长时间做某事

crossing the river is… 穿过河是…(ing型动词做主语谓语动词用单数)

2、How do you get to school?你怎样到达学校?

交通方式的表达:

1)take/ride/drive+ a/the +交通工具take a bus/car…

2)by +交通工具by bus/car

3)on/in + a/the +交通工具(in:封闭/半封闭/小型

工具;on:大型)

4)ride/fly/drive to +交通工具= go to +地点+by+交通工具

walk to+地点= go to+地点on foot.

eg: I drive to school every day.= I go to school by car

I walk to school every day.= I go to school on foot

3、spend, cost, pay 与take区别

(1)spend

sb spend…on sth或spend…(in) doing sth.

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