大学英语四作业

BTest 3

第一部分:交际用语(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

1.---You?ve been busy, haven?t you?--- __B_______.

A. I was busy last week

B. Yes, I?ve been working hard on my paper

C. I will get busy with my English studies

D. I?d like to get busy like our teachers.

2. ---Would you please hold these bags for me?---____A_____ A. That?s very kind of you indeed. B. What are these bags?

C. Yes, with pleasure.

D. Are these bags very important to you?

3. ---Is it all right that I go home early tonight?--___B_______

A There …s no worry. B. Yes, go ahead.

C. No, not at all?

D. Is that so?

4. ---What …s after the play?---__D______

A. Is it very interesting?

B. I don?t mind watching this play.

C. That?s all right.

D. I?m not sure. May be it?s a football match.

5. ---Here?s my car. Do you want a ride?--- ___C_____.

A. That?s possible

B. Not at all

C. That?s very kind of you. Than

D.I think so

6. --- Could you turn the radio down a little?--- __A______

A. Yes, of course.

B. I?d be delighted to. Which word.

C. Yes. I?ve already put the radio down.

D. I don?t want to turn it off.

7. --- Is there anything I can do for you? --- ___B_____.

A. I feel it is unnecessary

B. No, thank you just the same.

C. It?s impossible

D. There?s no need

8. ---Have a good day!--- ___C_____

A. Me, too.

B. I hope so.

C. You, too.

D. It?s a wonderful day, isn?t it?

9. ---I?m sorry. I gave you the wrong message. --- __D______

A. Oh, I …m sorry that you did.

B. How foolish of you to do so.

C. The wrong message? Oh, yes, you did!

D. Oh, that?s all right. Please be careful next time, though.

10. ---It seems that you?re very careless in your spelling.___C_____.

A. Oh, that?ll be OK.

B. I?m not sure.

C. Oh, no, that?s terrible.

D. yes, I?m always very careful.

第二部分:阅读理解(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)

Passage 1

Most people feel lonely sometimes, but it usually lasts between a few minutes and a few hours. This kind of loneliness is not serious. In fact, it?s quite normal. For some p eople, though, loneliness can last for years. Researchers say there?re three different kinds of loneliness.

The first kind of loneliness is temporary (暂时的). This is the most common type. It usually disappear quickly and does not require any special attention. The second kind, situational loneliness, is a result of a particular situation – for example, a family problem, or the death of a loved one. Although this kind of loneliness can cause physical problems, such as headaches and sleeplessness, it usually doe not last for more than a year.

The third kind of loneliness is the most severe. Chronic (长期的) loneliness lasts more than two years and has no specific cause. People who experience habitual loneliness have problems socializing and becoming close to others. Unfortunately, many chronically lonely people think there?s little they can do to improve their condition. Psychologists are trying to find ways to help habitually lonely people for two reasons: they are unhappy and unable to socialize and there is a connection between chronic loneliness and serious illness such as heart disease. While temporary and situational loneliness can be a normal and healthy part of life, chronic loneliness can be a very sad dangerous condition.

11. How would you treat temporary loneliness according to the passage?B

A. Talk to friends

B. Just ignore it.

C. Go to see a doctor.

D. Ask your teachers for guidance.

12. “It” in the last sentence of the second paragraph refers to _B___.

A. temporary loneliness

B. situational loneliness

C. a family problem

D. sleeplessness

13. The topic of the fourth paragraph is that __A__.

A. one problem of loneliness is a person?s social contacts.

B. we depend on various people for different reasons

C. lonely people don?t have many social problems

D. lonely people don?t have many friends

14. Why do psychologists want to help chronically lonely people?B

A. Chronic loneliness can cause family problems.

B. Chronic loneliness can cause serious illness.

C. Chronic loneliness can not be overcome.

D. Chronic loneliness is a harmful to society.

15. What is the best tile for the passage? A

A. Three Kinds of Loneliness.

B. Loneliness and Disease.

C. Loneliness and Social Contacts.

D. Chronic Loneliness.

Passage 2

If an American is satisfied with you, he will put his thumb (拇指) and forefinger (食指) into a circle. That means OK. But in Brazil, the very sign is considered to be rude. In Poland, a guest usually presents flowers to his hostess. The number must be an odd (奇数) one. Besides, the hostess isn?t expected to remove the cover of the bunch of flowers. And usually, a red rose is a sign of love.

Usually we nod to express our agreement and shake our heads to show disapproval. To our surprise these body movements mean the opposite in Bulgaria (保加利亚). The differences in customs and cultures in the world are really noticeable. We should learn more about them to avoid them to avoid embarrassment. Then, would you please remember: When in Rome, do as the Romans do.

16. In Poland, if a man gives some red roses to a woman as a present, it means that he _D___。

A. will invite her to a dinner party

B. has not been in love with her

C. will invite her to a ball

D. has fallen in love with her

17. If a Brazilian puts his thumb and index(食指) into a circle, it shows that he _B____ you.

A. will be friends with

B. is not satisfied with

C. is willing to help

D. is satisfied with

18. In Poland, it is _A____ for the hostess to remove the cover of the bunch of flower somebody presented to her.

A. impolite

B. polite

C. expected

D. unexpected

19 . In Bulgaria, if a man nods, it means that he ___B____ with you.

A. will have a talk

B. disagrees

C. will shake hands

D. agrees

20. The sentence “When in Rome, do as the Romans do” means that __C_____.

A. we should learn from the Romans

B. we should work as the Romans do

C. we should obey its customs when we are staying in a foreign country.

D. we have been Romans

Passage 3

Most of us can find 15 minutes or half an hour each day for some specific regular activity. It may be a free period or a regular wait, say in the queue for a bus or meal --- even while eating breakfast. One famous surgeon always made it a rule to spend at least 15 minutes on general reading before he went to sleep each night. Whether he went to bed at 10 pm or 2:30 am made no difference. Even if you cannot keep to this kind of discipline, it is a good idea to make sure you always have a general interest book in your pocket. Don?t forget it should be a book which entertains you and the English must not be too difficult for you. Nearly all “speed reading” courses have a “pacing” element --- some timing device which lets the student know how many words a minute he is reading. You can do this simply by looking at your watch every 5 or 10 minutes and noting down the page number you have reached. Check the average number of words per page for the particular book you are busy reading the book? Well, this is difficult at first. A friend can help by timing you over a set period, or you can read within hearing distance of a public clock which strikes the quarter hours. Pace yourself every three or four days, always with the same kind of easy, general interest book. You should soon notice your habitual w.p.m. rate creeping up.

21. The passage recommends setting aside __C___ for reading practice.

A. two hours a day

B. one hour a day

C. 15 minutes or half an hour a day

D. three minutes a day before meal

22. One famous surgeon always made it a rule to read __B___.

A. 15 minutes at 10 pm each night

B. for at least 15 minutes at bedtime

C. no matter it was early or late

D. whenever he had a spare moment

23. It is a good idea always to carry in your packet __D___.

A. a book you will never forget

B. a serious book

C. several books of various kinds

D. an easy and interesting English book

24. According to the passage, a “pacing” device __A___.

A. measures a student?s reading speed

B. is not included in most speed reading courses

C. is an aid to vocabulary learning

D. should be used whenever we read alone

25. Looking at your watch every 5 or 10 minutes __C___.

A. avoids the need for reading faster

B. is not the same as pacing

C. is not easy at first

D. helps you to remember the page number you were at last time

第三部分:词汇与结构(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

26. Old _B___ my grandpa was, he was able to swim across the channel.

A. though

B. as

C. so

D. although

27. I?ve sorted out all my old letters and filed them alphabetically (按字母排列) –isn?t that _A___ of me?

A. efficient

B. effective

C. advisable

D. active

28. No sooner _A___ than it started to rain.

A. had they arrived home

C. they had arrived home

C. did they arrive home

D. arrived they home

29. He finally _B___ to his wife?s demands and does whatever she tells him to.

A. gives up

B. gives in

C. gives off

D. gives out

30. D___the fog, we reached our destination in time.

A. Owing to

B. Because of

C. But for

D. In spite of

31. This picture reminds me __B__ my hometown.

A. to

B. of

C. For

D. with

32. We are both looking forward _B___ on vacation next week.

A. to going

B. to go

C. to be going

D. to have gone

33. Five minutes earlier, _A__ we could have caught the last train.

A. and

B. but

C. or

D. so

34. As I was just getting familiar with this job, I had _D__ to ask my boss.

A. many

B. most

C. more

D. much

35. They decided to chase the cow away _C__ it did more damage.

A. unless

B. Until

C. before

D. After

36. Your hair wants _C__. You?d better have it done tomorrow.

A. cut

B. to cut

C. cutting

D. being cut

37. If I had remembered _A__ the window, the thief would not have got in.

A. to close

B. closing

C. to have closed

D. having closed

38. You _B___ know how to operate a computer when go to work as a clerk.

A. must to

B. will have to

C. might

D. could

39._B__ student with a little common sense should be able to answer the question.

A. Each

B. Any

C. Either

D. One

40. I have a sense __C___ America will never go into decline.

A. how

B. which

C. that

D. what

41. It was at a dinner party _C___ Mary met her would-be husband.

A. Where

B. When

C. that

D. so

42. The new dining hall _C__ accommodate (容纳) more than one thousand guests

after

A. was able to

B. Must

C. can

D. will be able to

43. I would rather you __D__ anything for the time being.

A. haven?t done

B. hadn?t doing

C. was not doing

D. did not do

44. This is the worst film _A___ I have ever seen.

A. that

B. which

C. who

D. When

45. After retirement, my grandpa _B___ gardening as a hobby.

A. took after

B. took up

C. took on

D. took in

第四部分:完型填空(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

Fire can help people in many ways. Fire can heat water, __46B__ your house, give light and cook food. But fire can burn things too. Nobody knows __D47_ people began to use fire. One story from Australia tells about a man a very long time ago. He __C48_ the sun by a rope and brought fire down.

Today people know how to__49B__ a fire with matches. Children sometimes like to play with them. But matches can be very _ 50A__.

Fire kills people every year. So you must be careful __51A__ matches. You should also learn to

__52B__ fires. Fires need oxygen. Without oxygen they die. Since there is __53C__ in the air, cover a fire with water, sand, or in __54D__, with your coat or a blanket. This keeps the air from a fire and kills it.

Be careful with fire, and it will help you. Be careless with fire, and it might _55B__ you.

46. A. brighten B. warm C. beautify D. lighten

47. A. where B. when C. what D. how

48. A. looked up to B. put up with C. went up to D. came up with

49. A. set B. make C. cause D. catch

50.A. dangerous B. bright C. unusual D. common

51. A. about B. to C. On D. after

52. A. lay out B. put out C. put away D. do away with

53. A. fire B. danger C. oxygen D. atmosphere

54. A. general B. particular C. case D. an emergency

55. A. injure B. hurt C. Destroy D. spoil

第五部分:英译汉(满分15分)

56. We were having a party at school last night when the lights suddenly went out.

57. All that glitters is not gold.

58. In no other region in the world can you find such rare animals as giant pandas.

59. My doctor advised that I write down any worries, thoughts or questions before I go to bed.

60. A characteristic of American culture is to respect the self-made man – the man who has made it through his own efforts.

第六部分:写作(满分15分)

Letter of Apology某天下午,由于你说了一些无礼的话,惹怒了你的同学/同事,事后你有所悔悟。请你给他/她写封信,表示歉意。

Dear friend,

Please accept my apologies for offending you yesterday afternoon. I know I was being very rude at the moment, but I really didn?t mean to hurt you. But you know, I am short-tempered by nature, and sometimes I just can?t control myself. Now I understand I was wrong. And I?m very sorry for the unpleasant words I said to you in a hot temper.

Will you forgive me and accept my apology? If you are free tonight, will you come to dinner at my house. I?ve cooked something nice, and maybe we can have a nice talk over the meal and forget about the whole thing. Yours sincerely,

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