宁波市2018年普通高中保送生招生综合素质测试英语卷

宁波市2018年普通高中保送生招生综合素质测试英语卷

一.完形填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。

When I was eight years old, Mother told me to put my coat on because we were going to go someplace 1 . Usually, that meant we were going to see someone important or 2 . I would at least get a new toy. I asked which one it would be that day, and she told me that I would be getting something better than a toy. She said I would get “access(通道)to a world of toys.”

I had no idea why she was being so 3 that day. 4 , I had no real idea what she meant. “Access to a world of toys?” Did that mean we were buying a toy store?

But we did not 5 at any toy store. Nor did we finally see anyone we knew. 6 , Mother pulled her car into a parking lot in front of a building that looked like 7 out of the past. It didn’t have a modern look at all. And as we 8 the car, I still had no idea what this place was.

We took stone steps up to the entrance. Only then did I find out what this place was, because there was a sign that 9 “Marcy Public Library”. We pushed the door open, and Mother led me to the front desk. “I’d like to get my daughter a library card”, she told the man 10 the desk. He asked her to fill out a form and smiled at me. “What kind of books do you like?” he asked. I was too shy to 11 them. I simply smiled back and shrugged my shoulders. “Well, you’ll find it out in time,” he said.

I do not remember 12 I checked out that first day, but I know that in the years that followed I read everything I could find 13 at that old library. I read through all the Nancy Drew books before working on Judy Blume, then the 14 : Charles Dickens, Mark Twain, Shakespeare. Then I read books on history, books of poetry, and books about art. The library opened up a world that I 15 knew existed(存在).

So Mother was right. Getting a library card was like getting access to a world of toys.

1. A. special B. strange C. scary D. social

2. A. which B. that C. when D. where

3. A. strict B. funny C. crazy D. mysterious

4. A. Similarly B. Surprisingly C. Interestingly D. Hopefully

5. A. drop by B. end up C. take up D. pass by

6. A. Still B. However C. So D. Instead

7. A. anything B. nothing C. something D. everything

8. A. excited B. entered C. pushed D. drove

9. A. wrote B. printed C. read D. spoke

10. A. on B. above C. across D. behind

11. A. review B. reply C. repeat D. request

12. A. what B. how C. when D. why

13. A. in place B. of interest C. by accident D. on purpose

14. A. poems B. art C. history D. classics

15. A. ever B. always C. never D. yet

二.阅读理解(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下列短文,然后从A, B, C, D四个选项中选出能回答问题或完成所给句子的最佳选项。

A

Hiking is a fun way to get some fresh air and exercise. Here are a few simple tips to help you make sure that your next hiking trip is both safe and enjoyable.

First, it is always best to hike with at least one other person. Not only is hiking more fun with a friend, it is also safer. If you get hurt, your friend can go for help. If you decide to hike alone, make sure that you let someone know where you are going and when you plan to be back. This way, if you get lost or injured, someone will know where to look for you and when to send help.

Next, make sure you have plenty of water. Even if you are only going for a short hike, it is important to have lots of water on hand so that you avoid dehydration. Plan to bring one liter of water per person per hour of hiking. You can begin to dehydrate before you even realize it, so make sure to sip your water frequently, even if you are not very thirsty.

You should also make sure that you are wearing the right clothing. You should wear comfortable, closed-toed shoes and thick socks. If you’re going on a long hike, you might want to bring an extra pair of socks just in case. Your clothing should be comfortable and easy to move around in. Clothing that is too loose might catch on rocks or branches, but clothing too tight might become uncomfortable as you walk. You should also wear your clothing in layers. This way, you can take off or put on layers based on how hot or cold it is outside. A hat and sunscreen are also a must; your head and skin need protection from the sun even when it is cold out.

These are just a few tips for a basic hiking trip. No matter where, when, or for how long you plan on hiking, remember: a fun hiking trip is a safe hiking trip.

16. According to the passage, it is more dangerous to hike by yourself because_______.

A. no one is available to help if you get injured

B. you alone have to carry all the heavy things

C. it’s easier to get lost

D. you will dehydrate faster

17.Jill and Jonas are going on a six-hour hike. Using the information in the passage, we can understand that they should bring____________.

A.6 liters of water

B. 12 liters of water

C.18 liters of water

D. 24 liters of water

18. The author suggests that you should not wear clothing that is too loose because it _________.

A. will weigh you down as you walk

B. is more difficult to put on

C. can cause you to overheat

D. could get caught on something

19. Which of the following is NOT one of the ways in which you should prepare for a hike as mentioned by the author?

A. Bring enough water

B. Carry a map

C. Wear thick socks

D. Put on sunscreen

20.Imagine that the author wanted to add this piece of information to the passage: “If you think it might rain while you are hiking, make sure to wear waterproof clothes and boots.”Into which paragraph would this information fit best?

A. Paragraph 2

B. Paragraph 3

C. Paragraph 4

D. Paragraph 5

B

For his seventh birthday, Rashard was given a gift that would define his life. His father took him to a music store and told Rashard he could pick out any instrument he wanted. There was just one requirement. Rashard would have to promise he would learn to play.

To that point, Rashard had not had much interest in music. Rashard was far more interested in playing video games or occasionally baseball with his friends. He had never once thought about playing an instrument. It was hard for him to pick one on his birthday.

Not knowing where to start, Rashard wandered the music store. In the front of the store, he

saw all the pianos. Though Rashard’s family did not live in poverty, he knew they were also not rich. He knew that a piano was too expensive, so he walked past the piano room. Next, he found a wall filled with brass instruments. There was a tuba, a saxophone, a trumpet, and something he could not tell. The salesman said it was a French horn. Rashard was not interested in any of those either, because he did not want to put his mouth on anything. He moved on to the large room filled with acoustic guitars, electric guitars, and basses. The salesman invited him to try out one of the guitars, but the only problem was that Rashard’s hands were too small to fit around the neck of the instrument!

Realizing he would not be able to play a guitar, Rashard moved into the next room of the music store. There, he found stringed instruments other than guitars. He picked up a violin, and he realized it was the perfect size for his small hands!

Rashard kept his promise to his dad. He took lessons at the very same store he bought the violin, and he continues to play it as an adult.

Though Rashard has since bought nicer violins, he always remembered the first one his father bought for him. It was easily the most important gift Rashard ever received. As his father put it, “The gift of music is better than any video game you wanted when you were seven.”

21.Which of the following words or phrases would best introduce the last sentence in paragraph

2:“It was hard for him to pick one on his birthday.”?

A. Besides

B. However

C. Because of this

D. Even so

22.Based on its use in paragraph 3, the underlined word poverty means being short of_________.

A. patience

B. wisdom

C. money

D. talent

23.Rashard’s decision to take the violin was most strongly influenced by__________.

A. the price of the violin

B. the size of the violin

C. the difficulty of playing the violin

D. the sound the violin made

24.Rashard saw each of the following instruments at the music store EXPECT___________.

A. a guitar

B. a viola

C. a tuba

D. a piano

25. It can be inferred from the passage that Rashard’s father ___________.

A. played the violin

B. did not like video games

C. was wealthy

D. valued music

C

I lived in Hollywood. You may think people in such an attractive, fun-filled place are happier than others. If so, you have some mistaken ideas about the nature of happiness.

Many people still equate happiness with fun. The truth is that fun and happiness have little or nothing in common. Fun is what we experience during an act. Happiness is what we experience after an act. It’s a deeper, more long-lasting feeling. Going to a ball game, watching a movie or television, are fun activities that help us relax, forget our problems for a while and maybe even laugh. But they do not bring happiness, because their positive feelings end when the fun ends.

I have often thought that if Hollywood stars have a role to play, it is to teach us that happiness has nothing to do with fun. These rich people have enjoyed exciting parties, fancy cars, expensive homes, everything that spells “happiness”. But those famous people often tell of the unhappiness hidden behind all their fun: broken marriages, troubled children, and long-time loneliness.

If one believes that a fun-filled life without pain means happiness, he will probably not achieve real happiness. If fun and pleasure are equated with happiness, then pain must be equated with unhappiness. But, in fact, the opposite is true: More often than not, things that lead to

happiness usually cause some pain.

As a result, many people avoid the very efforts that are the reason for true happiness. They are afraid of the pain necessarily brought by such things as marriage, raising children, professional achievement, and self-improvement.

26. The underlined words “equate…with” in paragraph 2 most closely mean_________.

A. differ…from

B. share…with

C. exchange…for

D. regard…as

27. In paragraph, the author explains the differences between fun and happiness mainly by______.

A. telling a story

B. comparing

C. predicting

D. describing a process

28. In the author’s opinion, those Hollyland stars __________.

A. enjoy happiness because they are rich and famous

B. lead a troubled and lonely life

C. fail to enjoy happiness though living in comfort

D. would prefer unhappiness to success

29. It is difficult for people to find real happiness because they___________.

A. believe happiness is the fun life free of pain

B. find pain can’t be avoided

C. fear to lose what they already have in life

D. believe true happiness lies in efforts and pain

30. The main purpose of the text is to __________.

A. tell the differences between happiness and fun

B. show the true meaning of happiness

C. discourage people to have fun activities

D. advise people on how to find their real life 三.语法填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。

What I never understood in elementary school was why my dad would always tell me to go on the bus 31 . At first I believed he just wanted me to be respectful to others by 32 (let) them go on first. Now I realize he just wanted to spend as much time as 33 with me.

While others 34 (get) on the bus, my father whispered, “Behave, son. I love you.” I replied, “Dad, I love you too.” I would then give my father a hug. At that moment, my turn came and I walked up the stairs. I 35 (hurry) went to my usual seat and strapped on my seat belt. I looked at the window and my father’s hand was already there. I followed our time-practiced ritual (惯例), and I put my hand in front of his.

Even though there was a glass window 36 us, it was almost as if we were actually touching each other, my small hand in his bigger one. For a moment we 37 (connect) as one, and 38 seemed that all outside noises were gone. My mind was calm and full of love. Everybody was moving around with the busy morning, 39 we were there as calm as ever. As the bus roared to life, I watched my dad wave goodbye to me. I leaned back in my seat and felt the 40 (warm) of my father’s hand soak into me.

四.书面表达(共1小题;满分10分)

41.假如你是小宁,你校上周举行了“书市”(a book fair)活动。请你用英文给校报写个报道,内容包括:

1)活动目的:鼓励大家多读书。

2)活动内容:交换书籍;分享阅读故事;收获友情。

3)并请你谈谈阅读的好处,以及你对于本次活动的感受。

注意:100词左右;文中应包含所有要点,可适当发挥;文中不得出现学校的真实名称和学

生的真实姓名。

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宁波市2018年普通高中保送生招生综合素质测试参考答案与评分标准

英语

Ⅰ.参考答案

1-5ABDAB 6-10. DCACD 11-15. BABDC

16-20 ABDBC 21-25CCBBD 26-30 DBCAB

31. last 32.letting 33.possible 34.were getting 35.hurriedly

36. between 37.were connected 38. it 39. but 40. warmth

41.参考范文:

To encourage us students to read quickly, our school held a book fair last week, which turned out to be a great success. We students exchanged our books and ideas, shared our reading stories and what’s more, we harvested new friendship.

Just as Bacon put it, “books make a full man.” By reading, we can embrace a brand new life different from ours, travel all around the world without even a dime and gain a deeper insight into the universe. We can read for delight, we can read for information and also we can read for instruction. I sincerely hope that activities of this kind will be held regularly and we students surely will benefit a lot.

Ⅱ.书面表达评分标准

(一)评分细则

1. 本题总分10分,按5个档次给分。

2. 根据文章的内容和语言初步确定档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量、确定或调整。

3. 词数少于80或多余120的,从总分中减去2分。

4. 应注意的主要内容:内容要点、语法结构以及上下文的连贯性。

5. 如书写较差以至于影响理解,将分数降低一个档次。

(二)档次划分

第五档:(9~10分)包含所有要点,完全完成了试题规定的任务;有清晰地文本框架,较多的语法结构和词汇;有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑,行文连贯,表达清楚;语言基本无误。

第四档:(7~8分)基本包含所有要点,遗漏少量次要点,较全面地完成了试题规定的任务;有较清晰的文本结构,比较多样的语法结构和词汇;行文基本连贯,表达基本清楚;语言有少量错误。

第三档:(5~6分)包含大多数要点,基本完成了试题规定的任务;少许语句不通顺,语言错误较多,但不影响整体理解。

第二档:(3~4分)只包含少数要点,未恰当完成试题规定的任务;少数语句不完整,语法结构简单,词汇项目有限,语言有较多错误,影响理解。

第一档:(1~2分)只包含个别要点,未完成试题规定的任务;多数语句不完整或意思不明,内容不连贯,错误很多。

0分:未能传达给读者任何信息;写的内容均与所要求内容无关或所写内容无法看清。

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